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July 14th, 2008, 11:54 PM
GUJARAT: Indian Engineering Marvel – Sardar Sarovar and its Canal Network And RIVER LINKING PROJECT IN GUJARAT
I created this tread to spread the word of an engineering marvel that has already made life prosperous of thousands of villagers in Gujarat.
The Narmada Dam Project, is a project involving the construction of a series of large hydroelectric dams on the Narmada River in India. Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) is the largest multipurpose project involved in the construction. The multi-purpose project will irrigate more than 18,000 square kilometres - most of it in drought prone areas like - Kutch and Saurashtra.
Please post articles and pictures of the dam its canal network and areas brought under its cultivation.
AND ARTICLES RELATED TO RIVER LINKING IN GUJARAT
Here Narmada waters recharging Sabarmati in Ahmedabad.
July 15th, 2008, 12:19 AM
PICS FROM WEBSITE OF Sardar Sarovar Punarvasvat Agency - Government of Gujarat.
SARDAR SAROVAR DAM
THE POWER HOUSE - Source: Sardarsarovardam.org
July 15th, 2008, 02:41 AM
best thread started by a new member so far...
please keep updating on regular basis..
July 15th, 2008, 04:17 AM
Good pictures. Keep 'em coming!
You may want to cross post a few of the pictures in the India Dams section.
July 15th, 2008, 08:28 AM
Source: GOVT of Gujarat. Dept of Water Resources.
BRIEF CONTOUR OF SUJALAM SUFALAM YOJNA Part 1
(1) Schemes for Mehsana, Patan, Gandhinagar, Banaskantha, Sabarkantha and Ahmedabad district.
* Sujalam Sufalam Yojana having length of 280 k.m. from Kadana dam to Banas river, will be prepared, wherein 700 million cubic meter flood water will be flown. Which now flows in the ocean. By this scheme to be undertaken at the cost of Rs. 460 crore, 21 dry river and hundreds of ponds will be revived.
* Main nine reservoirs including Dharoi, Mazum, Meshwo, Vatrak, Hathmati, Goohai, Mukteshwar, Sipu and Dantiwada which are filled upto 50% capacity will be filled at 100% capacity by one million acre feet narmada water from Narmada Main Canal out of Gujarats share in the Narmada Project and extention work of its canals will be undertaken and checkdams will be constructed barring irrigated areas. Besides 5000 village ponds of these areas will be filled by Narmada water. Estimated cost of this scheme is Rs. 2969 crore.
Sujlam Suflam Yojna
* Work of Distribution canal linking Sujalam Sufalam canal from Narmada Main Canal will be taken up at the cost of Rs. 73 crore, out of which approximately 4 lakh hectaree agriculture land will get benefit of irrigation.
* It is planned to lay bulk and distribution lines at the cost of Rs. 923 crore for potable water in these six districts. There is a provision of Rs 4425 crore for these six districts.
(2) Scheme for Panchmahal and Dahod district.
In the tribal areas of Panchmahal and Dahod districts, irrigation facility will be extended by the scheme of Kadana left coast high level and Panam reservoir high level scheme. Water conservation will be increased by constructing check dams and deepening ponds. For this purpose cost of Rs. 382 crore has been estimated. It will cost Rs. 410 crore for potable water in these districts. Thus Provision of Rs. 792 has been made for these two districts.
(3) Scheme for Kutch district
In Kutch District work of 1000 check dams, 15 tidal regulators, 33 dams, 19 recharge ponds, 150 recharge well be undertaken at the cost of Rs. 272 crore and the work of transmission and distribution water supply network at the cost of Rs.220 crore. In all expenditure of Rs. 492 crore has been planned.
(4) Scheme for Surendranagar district.
In Order to revive the dry land of dry underground of Surendranagar district, Rs. 85 crore will be expended and new and big 107 check dams will be constructed in 17 rivers and they will be revived permanently. Besides, 27 reservoirs of small and medium irrigation will also be filled. Pipeline project for potable water at the cost of Rs. 244 crore will also be taken up. In all, expenditure of Rs. 329 crore has been planned.
Sujalam Sufalam Yojana-2
Daman ganga-Sabarmati-Chorwad link: Scheme of inter linking of rivers
Government of Gujarat has realized the utility of rivers` interlinking scheme. In this stage, work of Narmada will be completed and as a result a gargantuan increase will be witnessed in the capacity to fulfill the requirement of potable water and irrigation. On the one hand water of rivers flow in the ocean in rain and problem like flood also arise and on the other hand, people of state have to face the shortage of potable water. Even farmers and industrialists have also to face the problem of water.
Remedy of both these issues lies in interlinking rivers, resolved to bring all-round solution of water problem of a vast region upto Chorwad by linking Damanganga, Tapi, Sabarmati and other rivers and reservoirs falling in the way. By inter linking the rivers and vast reservoirs of South Gujarat and Central Gujarat, huge storage of water will be created, thirst of Gujarat will be quenched and green revolution will be boosted.
Sujalam Sufalam Yojana-3
Any talk about providing huge quantity of water to the thirsty land and thirsty Gujaratis will be proved like a boon of Kalpvruksha A multipurpose ambitions schemes for providing water has been named as Kalpvruksha. It means a scheme of water which fulfill all desires for water.
Water of total 12 rivers including four main rivers like Narmada, Mahi sagar, Dhadhar and Sabarmati will be checked by constructing a vast dam where water of these rivers will be stored. Besides irrigation and potable water, Kalpasar Yojana will provide other facilities like electricity and transport, railway and road and will provide significant contribution in the average prosperity of Gujarat-Saurashtra.
It is Certain that second green revolution will be seen in Gujarat in a short span of time due to the positive approach adopted to bring long term solution of Gujarats water and irrigation problem on scientific basis, when water problem of rural people will get solved rural life will be more happy, agriculturists and villages will become prosperous and Gujarat will lead the nation on all fronts.
July 15th, 2008, 08:36 AM
Source: Govt of Gujarat - Water Resource Dept
Planning of Works of Water-Grid To Link All Rivers In The State
Kadana Recharge Canal To Connect
Mahi, Shedhi, Mohar, Dharni, Vatrak, Khari, Majhan, Meswo And Sabarmati In First Phase.
Sabarmati, Khari, Rupen, Pushpawati, Saraswati And Banas Rivers In Second Phase.
Spreading Canals of 360 Km Length To Prevent Salinity Ingress In Saurashtra Region (Work In Progress).
Linking Of All Rivers In The Coastal Area of Saurashtra.
Par-Tapi-Narmada Link Canal.
Link Joining More Than 17rivers With Narmada Main Canal
July 15th, 2008, 05:29 PM
best thread started by a new member so far...
I second that.. very few newbies make intelligent contributions.
This thread is indeed valuable.
July 15th, 2008, 07:11 PM
great stuff mate! thanks for sharing
July 22nd, 2008, 07:55 AM
INTER – BASIN TRANSFER OF WATER IN INDIA
PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS
Water Management Forum
The Institution of Engineers (India)
Click the following link to download the theme paper on Inter-basin water transfer.
Here are the highlights from TOC
1. Background and Scope
3. Drivers for Inter-Basin Transfers
4. Broad Spectrum of Issues
5. Basin Concepts
6. Existing Inter-basin Transfers
7. Legal Position Regarding Inter-Basin Transfers
8. Options to Inter-Basin Transfers
9. Social and Environmental Concerns
10. Economics of Transfers
11. Financial Issues
12. Concluding Remarks
July 22nd, 2008, 07:57 AM
Some pics.. Source: supportnarmadadam.org
July 23rd, 2008, 04:35 AM
Green signal to Sujalam Sufalam project
GANDHINAGAR: Four years after it was launched, the state government has got a "post-feasibility study" of the controversial Sujalam Sufalam project prepared to silence its critics. Prepared jointly by the Institute of Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore and Water Resources Engineering and Management Institute (WREMI), Vadodara, it comes even as a Planning Commission document on the 11th Five-Year Plan (2007-12) refuses to include it in the list of projects it has approved.
Submitted to the state water resources department in June this year, the two-volume report technically examines each area where the project is being implemented separately. It concludes that the project was needed in order to benefit 2.35 lakh hectare (ha), mainly of north Gujarat, in order to help recharge the area in which the Sujalam Sufalam canal passes through. Starting at Kadana dam, water will also be pumped into it from the Narmada main canal at four different points for this.
The report says 840 million cubic metres (MCM) of water will be available per year to the canal. Of this, 615 MCM will go into recharging the area surrounding it. And, once fully operational, water levels will rise by 0.25 metre per annum in districts where the unlined canal goes – Dahod, Panchmahals, Sabarkantha, Mehsana, Patan, Banaskantha and Surendranagar. This is important as "the water levels have depleted up to 150 to 180 metre from 30 metre during past 20 years."
Pointing towards the project's viability, the report says the area, which is its beneficiary, has been struggling with "recurring drought almost in every three years because of a very high coefficient of variation." Nine dams of the region were filled up only up to "30 per cent of their capacity in the last 10 years." Result: the reservoirs were reserved for drinking water, but no water was available for irrigation.
Believing that these problems will be solved, the report — ‘Technical, Social, Economic and Environmental Study of Sujalam Sufalam', authored by ISEC's K V Raju and WREMI's D T Shete – believes that the project will solve state's power crisis too as "out of the total electricity consumption of the state, 30 to 35 per cent is used to pump water from the tube-wells located in the area" and the government has to "abnormally high subsidy for agricultural purpose."
The Rs 6,237 crore Sujalam Sufalam project came under heavy criticism a couple of years ago when the public accounts committee (PAC) of Gujarat state Assembly sharply attacked it as being implemented without administrative approval. The PAC report, which was never made public, indicts the government for overspending Rs 500 crore on the project, forcing the government to appoint an official panel to examine the allegations, which again found PAC's findings correct.
Even as brushing aside such criticism, the report recommends lining up of the canal at some points in order to avoid damage to the fields during floods. It also recommends that water should be filled up in the 332-km long canal slowly and should be taken forward in phases instead of all together.
Source: Times of India
July 24th, 2008, 02:00 AM
nice effort and very nice pics.
a word of advice though. all the pics you posted are hotlinked to other sites. it is against the forum rules. they make the page to load slow , broken links etc etc.
please follow the rules mentioned in this page
also dont forget to give the due credit to the appropriate owner.
thanks and keep up the good work.
August 21st, 2008, 12:33 AM
September 4th, 2008, 08:32 PM
From Zee NEWS:
Prabhu joins hands with FICCI for river connectivity
New Delhi, Sept 03: Former Union Minister for Power Suresh Prabhu has been roped in by industry body FICCI for track-II diplomacy with Nepal on finding solution to flooding of rivers flowing from the Himalayan nation.
Prabhu, who chaired an expert body on linking of rivers during the previous NDA government, will work with FICCI for further studies on connectivity of rivers.
"He (Prabhu) has agreed to work on river linkages," FICCI Secretary General Amit Mitra said adding the former Power Minister would also work on back-channel discussions with Nepal on the issue of India-Nepal water treaty, particularly with regard to Kosi river.
The Kosi river has created havoc in north Bihar, which is suffering one of the worst floods leaving lakhs of people homeless.
After the Kosi river water crossed into the Ganga, situation improved giving a shot in the arm of those who had all along supported the idea of river linkages.
"We will also use the SAARC Chamber of Commerce for finding a solution to floods without getting into blame-game," Mitra said.
September 8th, 2008, 04:42 AM
River inter-linking is still a dream
NEW DELHI: Despite the UPA government putting up a brave face on the execution of the multi-crore rivers inter-linking project, it remains a non-starter as barely five of the proposed 30 links in the Himalayan and peninsular regions are in different stages of planning. There is no mention about the remaining as yet.
The Rs560-thousand-crore project, to be completed in 15 years, is currently stuck among the squabbling states, as the Centre has almost no say in the matter with water being a state subject.
The Centre has been sending repeated reminders to the warring states to sign the MoUs on the interlinking projects proposed by them. Despite possessing 16 feasibility reports about the different links, the progress on the projects is negligible.
Out of the five links under consideration Parbati-Kalisindi-Chambal (Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh) is caught in the vortex of “bilateral discussion”.
Despite repeated reminders by water resources minister Saifuddin Soz, no headway has been made.
The minister sent his latest letter dated April 16, 2008 asking the chief ministers of the two states to “expedite the concurrence”. All that the states have responded was that a meeting between their officials is slated to take place at the earliest.
The detailed project report for the Ken-Betwa link between UP and Madhya Pradesh is in the pipeline for past three years.
Soz is still hopeful that it will be completed by the end of this year. Justifying the delay in completing the DPR, Soz said it involved the study of entire gamut of factors particularly relating to environment protection.
Some headway has been made in Par-Tapi-Narmada and Damanganga-Pinjal river links involving Gujarat and Maharashtra. After great persuasion by the Centre over the years, they have agreed to sign the MoU. The fifth link namely Godavari (Polavaram) - Krishna (Vijaywada) link involving Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Chhattisgarh is under discussion.
What intrigues the Centre is the fact that the some of the states have been reluctant to proceed further despite having volunteered to send inter-linking proposals. Maharashtra tops the list with 15 proposals followed by Bihar (6), Jharkhand (3) and Gujarat and Orissa one each.
The river interlinking has been divided into two parts, Himalayan and Peninsular. There are 14 links in the first category and 16 in the latter. However, due to sensitivity and strategic importance of the Himalayan region, this area has still not been touched by the water resources ministry.
October 3rd, 2008, 07:29 AM
GET THE FACTS on Water Management 1:20 thru 2:30 Mins of the video
Interlinking of 21 rivers
Creation of over 2 Lakh Checkdams and Khet talavadis
Excellence in Water resoucre management through Rainwater harvesting and Micro Irrigation Techniques
State wide water grid for drinking water supply to villages
Sardar sarovar nearing completion
October 3rd, 2008, 07:45 AM
Mahasangam - A video on River Interlinking (Narmada to Saraswati)
Gujarat: The only state in India to achieve river interlinking in the true sense.
October 3rd, 2008, 07:56 AM
Kalam praises Gujarat’s river and lake interlinking achievements
Ahmedabad, DeshGujarat, 13th of September, 2008
Former President of India, popularly known as Peoples president Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam today praised achievements of Gujarat’s river and lake linking projects while talking to the students of IIM Ahmedabad.
While discussing interlinking of rivers in India in his class he said “There should be a program for interlinking of water bodies at state level across the nation. Every state should interlink it’s all the water bodies. Once this goal is achieved, there can be a nationwide interlinking program.”
Student in response to this narrated examples of Gujarat’s Sardar Sarovar Project, Narmada’s successful interlinking with river Sabarmati and interlinking of different lakes in Ahmedabad.
“Very good” Kalam said for these achievements and said “There should be a research on good practices and such practices should be published for wider reach.”
February 1st, 2009, 11:29 PM
Panam High level Canal - Lifeline for Panchmahal
Source: Deshgujarat.com (http://deshgujarat.com/2009/02/01/how-panchamahals-new-panam-high-canal-is-importantvideo/)
The video above is about Panam high canal that has been recently inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Gujarat. Specialties, features and benefits of this canal for Gujarat’s eastern district of Panchamahal are well-narrated in the video above.
February 1st, 2009, 11:30 PM
3.362 km-long Panam high level canal - Lifeline of Panchmahal
Source: Modi dedicates 3.362 km-long Panam high level canal (http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-81420.html)
Godhra, Jan 25: Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi today dedicated the 3.362-km-long Panam high level canal in Panchmahal district to the state.
Speaking on the occasion, Mr Modi said the Canal, being constructed under the Suzlam Sufalam scheme at a cost of Rs 130 crore, will provide irrigation water to 25,000 families of the 75 villages of Godhra, Sehera and Lunavada taluka.
He said the Canal is a rebuttal to the critics of Suzalam Sufalam scheme. The government was committed to the development of the state and was making efforts in all directions.
''Five years ago agricultural
income of the state was Rs 900 crore, and today it had surged to Rs 48,000 crore,'' the Chief Minister said.
Mr Modi said while the Central government had allocated only Rs 400 crore for drip irrigation, the Gujarat government had kept aside Rs 1,500 crore. The developed irrigation facilities will help farmer, especially their daughters save time, he said, adding the girls, who had to work in the fields will be now be able to attend schools.
The government has organised the main Republic day celebrations at Godhra, where the 2002 Sabarmati Express train carnage occurred and subsequent riots that claimed lives of more than 1,000 lives.
October 16th, 2009, 05:52 PM
Source: Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/rajkot/14-check-dams-inaugurated/articleshow/5128689.cms)
14 check dams inaugurated
AMRELI: Fourteen check dams, constructed at a cost of Rs 2.71 crore, were inaugurated at Dolati village in Savarkundla taluka on Wednesday.
"The dams have been built to raise the level of groundwater in Savarkundla region. That apart, 151 check dams were inaugurated recently by Chief Minister Narendra Modi to ensure rising water levels in Kutch and Saurashtra," said state urban development minister Nitin Patel, who inaugurated the dams.
They have been constructed under the Sujalam Sufalam project. Patel urged farmers to curb wastage of water and save it for irrigation. He also received a representation from the local MLA who sought restoration work on 58-year-old canals of Surajvadi dam.
October 16th, 2009, 05:54 PM
Rs 5,60,000 crores down the drain
Rs 5,60,000 crores down the drain
"What's the big deal about water, we are submerged under it anyway," said a marooned orphan in flood-ravaged Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. "Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink", bemoaned a farmer in Maharashtra. Reactions which reflect the tragedy and brutality of present day India.
Trust the Union Minister for Environment and Forests Jairam Ramesh' to muddy the waters with his out-of-the-blue bombshell that "the inter-linking of India's rivers will be a human-ecological-economic disaster. It is easy to do inter-linking on paper, it has limited basin value, but large-scale inter-linking would be a disaster," he added. Not to speak of the international ramifications with Nepal and Bangladesh having expressed fears over the project. Bangladesh has even gone to the extent of lodging a complaint against India at the UN.
Coming as it does on the heels of Congress General Secretary Rahul Gandhi's warning against "playing with nature, on such a massive scale," it is crystal clear that the UPA Government has decided to abandon the ambitious river inter-linking project planned by the Vajpayee-led NDA Government in 2002.
On the facetious plea that given the projects multifarious aspects the problem might persist even after 25 years of high expenditure. True, given the high costs it might not be easy to implement the project, but, how did the Minister reach the conclusion that such projects would prove disastrous? Was any new feasibility report done which ran contrary to the earlier committees findings? Is there a dichotomy in perception between the 1952 MM Dastur and 2003 Suresh Prabhu committees?
Besides, isn't it a fact that the half-a-dozen intra-state river linking schemes, including Sujalam Sufalam, Sabarmati-Saraswati and Bhadar-Mahi links have started yielding positive results, mitigated the potable as well as irrigation water woes in several parched areas and drought-prone of north and central Gujarat and increased greenery and improved environment in the State.
Clearly, Ramesh statement has generated a lot of heat and controversy, not only within the UPA but also the Opposition. The Congress's Andhra Chief Minister Rosaiah, sang a different tune and asserted that linking of rivers within the State could be useful. He envisaged linking of Godavari and Krishna to save Godavari water from being let out into the sea. Its Southern ally DMK too reminded the Party that it was Indira Gandhi who set up the National Water Development Agency in 1982 to study the possibility of water transfers from surplus basins to deficit areas.
Importantly, the search for water and its management has become the most harrowing and frustrating task for 21st century India. Imagine four train loads of water are the lifeline for 128 villages and towns in Rajasthan. In Andhra, only 34 out of 116 municipalities get regular water for an hour twice a week.
In Aurangabad, Maharashtra, three crore people depend on tankers for water supply! In Gujarat's Saurashtra and Kutch regions there is no water at the depth of 1200 ft. Cherapunji which records the highest rainfall in the world has to depend on tankers for its daily water supply! The problem has been aggravated with the boom in population. While the country accounts for only four per cent of the water in the world, its population is 17 per cent that of the world.
Worse, according to forecasts by the Ministry of Water Resources and presentations by the Agriculture Ministry, 11 river basins, including the Ganges, will be water deficit by 2025, threatening 900 million lives. The symptoms are already visible. The Government's solution? Look skywards to ward off the crisis. Ignoring the reality that due to global warming even the glaciers are melting rapidly.
Tragically, today this nature-made dilemma goes beyond a quest for water and has become a major politically volatile issue. Inter-state disputes over water-sharing have grown over the years. More so after the bifurcation of some of the bigger States, leading to inter-state political and legal battles wherein no state wants to release water to another state.
Worse, instead of finding a durable and sustainable solution to the problem, the Centre has taken recourse to short-cuts and quick-fix remedies which have compounded the mess. It is embroiled in sorting out water-sharing disputes between Andhra and Karnataka over the Krishna waters, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka over Cauvery, Maharashtra and Karnataka over Godhavri, Goa and Karnataka over the Mandel-Mandovi Basin, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat over Narbada and Punjab and Haryana over Sutlej etc. Despite the Inter-State Waters Dispute Act 1956 having set up five tribunals to go into the matter.
Look at the absurdity. Water is managed by as many six Union Ministries--Water Resources, Rural Development, Agriculture, Urban Development, Food and Environment. Predictably, there is no effective coordination between these Ministries. The Agriculture and Water Resources Ministries work in opposite direction. Various rural development programmes are independent of others. Each Minister and his babus guard their fiefdom with zealousness.
To mitigate the problem the NDA Government set-up the river inter-linking Task Force headed by Suresh Prabhu at a cost of Rs 5,60,000 crore. The report recommended division of the project into two - the Peninsular and Himalayan component. The Peninsular component - involving the southern rivers envisaged developing a 'Southern Water Grid' with 16 linkages. The Himalayan component envisaged building storage reservoirs on the Ganga and the Brahmaputra and their main tributaries both in India and Nepal in order to conserve the flow of waters during the monsoons for irrigation and generation of hydro-power, besides checking floods.
One of the major steps in this direction was conceived in the late 50's by the then Irrigation and Power Minister, KL Rao. He appointed a committee headed by MN Dastoor. This Committee too made two proposals. One, connecting all the Himalayan rivers under the "Garland Canal Scheme" and the "Peninsular Canal Scheme", connecting the 17 southern rivers. The project promised to deliver additional irrigation for 25 million hectares from surfaced water, ten million hectares from increased use of groundwater, generation of 35 million KW of power while reducing floods and drought. But it is gathering dust as also recommendations by several other committees.
According to Prabhu, "The Centre has to go in for durable long- term solutions. There are no short cuts. Water has to be treated as a national asset. It needs national planning, effective and responsible water management geared for local solutions. States need to maximize a fair distribution of water and minimize its use as a weapon of conflict."
Scandalously, post Jairam's outburst all the hard work seems to be down the drain. But it is no water of our rulers back. As the water crisis deepens, the Government, as usual, goes through the ritual of reeling out figures to cover its failure. Asserted the Environment Minister, "we are spending over Rs 10,000 crore on cleaning the Ganga" and another over Rs 9000 crore on accelerated rural water schemes." Yet wells are dry and women continue to trek long distances for water.
The question is not one of money. The basic attitude of our rulers is all wrong. Are they conscious of the problem? Why is something as basic as water prioritized only at a time of crisis? Why is so little done to develop a long-term response? As matters stand, there is a severe resource crunch even for the ongoing projects. Shockingly, 169 projects pertaining to the Fifty Five Year Plan continue to be in limbo due to lack of funds.
In the ultimate analysis, our leaders need to pull up their socks and put an end to their reckless drift on a subject involving basic human requirement. Offering pies in the sky and indulging in zabaani jama khurch is no substitute for much-needed pragmatic competence. Let us keep our fingers crossed that the waters are not muddied further. Mere words will not quench India's growing thirst!
October 16th, 2009, 05:56 PM
Source: TOI (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/city/ahmedabad/Overflowing-Narmada-to-keep-farmers-in-high-spirits/articleshow/5039904.cms)
GANDHINAGAR: Gujarat's agricultural output is unlikely to be affected this year with a recent decision of the Narmada Control Authority (NCA) to
allow the state to use as much flood waters as it could. A senior official said, "The decision has allowed Gujarat to store huge quantity of water for the winter crop. This will nullify whatever loss farmers might experience during the kharif season."
Even for kharif, things will not be as bad as it seemed a month ago. While the state may experience some loss in groundnut, bajra and corn crops because of the late monsoon, cash crops like cotton and castor will actually gain. "Farm output in other states will fall, which will push up prices and our farmers will gain. Even if there is a fall in output by 10 per cent in certain crops, it will be more than compensated by buoyancy on the price front", a senior official said.
"Large areas situated outside the Narmada command area were irrigated from the Narmada waters. This included two lakh hectares (ha) in the Mahi command area of Central Gujarat, 22,000 ha in Daskroi and 45,000 ha in Fatewadi area, 10,000 ha of Meshwo command, and another 26,000 ha in Banaskantha, including arid Radhanpur", the official said, adding, "This is over and above tens of thousands of hectares being irrigated by siphoning water by putting up 30,000 pipes in the Narmada canal."
The top official further said, "Other areas gaining include Malia, Vallabhipur, Patan, Viramgam, Jhinjhuvadia, Vadhwan, and so on. At a time when the Narmada command area is not developed, diverting Narmada waters to the non-command areas and allowing farmers to siphon out waters free of cost were the best possible option before the government in the interest of Gujarat. Some may call this illegal. But the farmers are gaining. It is helping agricultural output remain stable. We see nothing wrong in this."
Then, the NCA decision helped store as many as 550 major ponds with Narmada waters in Central and North Gujarat, apart from 150 big and medium-sized irrigation tanks. These include Thol lake, Pariej, Nad and Kanewal, to name a few big ones. This is apart from storing waters in thousands of check dams, diverting Narmada waters into the Sujalam Sufalam recharge canal, and so on. "We allowed canals to continuously run with 20,000 cusecs of water for all this with an eye of the winter or rabi crop", the official said.
October 16th, 2009, 05:58 PM
(The writer is former Minister of State for HRD, Health, Heavy Indusry, Government of India.)
By Dr Ballabhbhai Kathiria
By Dr Ballabhbhai Kathiria
To summarise, 24 hours electricity, drinking water facility, pakka roads, community halls, panchayat rooms, school rooms as per requirement, gaushalas, tree plantations and smriti vans (gardens), etc. are now common features all over the State.
As previously mentioned, necessity is the mother of invention and innovation. The western area of Gujarat traditionally known as Saurashtra and Kutch used to have scanty rainfall leading to frequent droughts. Due to lack of water for agriculture and even for drinking there was huge migration of young population to urban areas. The evident disinterest in agriculture was observed. People used to have a tough life in village. The water scarcity was so much that street fights were common. The cattle population also started decreasing and migrating towards south Gujarat. The ecological system was much disturbed. The water level was depleted beyond imagination. The sea water penetrated upto 50-80 kms towards land making the agriculture land saline. Due to this the whole area got barren. The economy and development also took its course on downfall. This was compounded by frequent cyclones and earthquakes. The overall situation was really gloomy.
It is said that nothing is permanent. The whole universe is constantly changing. Change is inevitable for survival of the people and other creatures of nature.
People actually felt shortage of water for drinking, agriculture and industrial purpose. People realised that water can change their life, bring development and prosperity and bring back the harmonious eco system.
Socio political initiatives
With the coming of BJP in Gujarat an era of change came. The party with difference, the party for development, the Bharatiya Janta Party came to power under the leadership of Shri Keshubhai Patel in Gujarat. The writer of this article also, by destiny, became active in politics and became Member of the Parliament. After becoming Member of the Parliament, for the first term, I took the challenge of water crisis as my first priority.
The concentrated work of watershed programme was going on in one solitary village named Raj Samadhiyala. Observing the results, I took eleven villages of my constituency where we started watershed programme movement with the help of karyakartas, NGOs and village people. The Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD) came to my rescue to finance the project. The beneficiary people were asked to volunteer for labour work and the material was supplied from either through MPLAD or from donations from the society.
This activity turned up in a social movement popularly known as “Check dam abhiyan” in Gujarat. Check dam is water harvesting structure created in river bed, more suitable as per topography of Saurashtra.
Almost all methods of rain water harvesting were used as per local suitability such as well-recharging, farm ponds, check dams creating new ponds or deepening them. The concept of Bori bandhs were made more popular by Chief Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
The BJP government of Gujarat is very much popular amongst people because of his welfare and socio-economic development measures in all walks of life and fields. That is why it was known as government with good governance.
The government was also keen for a permanent solution to solve water crisis. Continuous two drought like situations made it more pro-active and the government ultimately came up with public bhagidari scheme, “Sardar Patel Sahbhagi Jal Sanchaya Yojana” popularly known as 40:60 check dam scheme. The scheme provided 60 per cent government share and 40 per cent by farmers or beneficiaries, which came as self labour, contribution or donations. The scheme was properly approved and monitored by government machinery. This scheme came out as best model with good results. The entrepreneureship, enthusiasm, the devotion of people and positive government attitude made this scheme the best public welfare measure scheme. This was the most successful movement of the decade for every one.
Along with farmers and government, people from all walks of life, joined in propagating this abhiyan. The religious leaders, sadhus, sants mahatmas, NGOs, social and political workers, public representatives from panchayat raj, MLAs, MPs, ministers, industrialists, associations, government officials and even NRIs came forward to organise the ‘Jal Yatra’ to spread the message of water harvesting and water conservation. The ponds and check dams were named as ‘Jal-Mandirs’, where prayers and artis were performed for Jal Devta. The message was conveyed by leaders and social activities like Rajendra Singh from Alvar. Print and electronic media also played a great role in spreading this abhiyan. Through the seminars, gram sabhas, kisan sammelans, lok dairas (popular gathering of traditional entertainment) religious meets, in short, all types of methods were adopted to spread the message of water conservation and to make the people actively involved. The writer of this article participated and visited more than two thousand villages and such gatherings and that is why he is popularly known as “check dam sansad”. The enthusiasm and moral of the society was too high to describe in words. It can only be experienced and not expressed.
Ghar ka pani ghar me
A number of slogan were adopted such as Ghar ka pani ghar me, Gaon ka pani gaon me and Khet ka pani khet me, etc. In each village 10 to 100 check dams were constructed on all spring rivers waste lands or low lying areas where water can be stored. From kachcha bandh, bori bandh to pakka check dam, were constructed, wells were recharged, deepening of village ponds and old medium or minor irrigation dams were also undertaken. In short, all sorts of measures as per local topography were undertaken utilising wisdom, local traditions and skill along with modern methods. The aim was to share each drop of rain water keeping in mind the principle of “save the water where it drops”. Due to typical geographical topography of Saurashtra, almost 80 per cent rain water was merging in sea before this movement was made. Now almost 80 per cent of rain water is harvested.
Let me quote the example of a village where after my inspiring speech for construction of check dam, the old aged people (called as bhabha in Gujarati) who heard me, took an oath and initiated constructing check dam. Youth joined afterwards. The structure was completed. I was called for inauguration and when I came to know the story, I named that check dam as “Bhabha check dam” ¦
Similarly, one Vohra NRI family donated handsomely in constructing the check dam. I used to visit the check dam while construction was going on. I remember that in construction of one such check dam, the wife of a doctor was also doing labour work as volunteer. I salute to such innumerable social workers, activists and volunteers who helped us to achieve the mission.
Impact of check dams
The visible and self satisfactory change was the rising of under ground water level up to 8 meters. Repeated percolation after each phase of rainfall during monsoon raised the ground water level table, which in turn prevented sea water from penetrating in inner land and also prevented chemical pollution.
The alarming change was seen in crop production. Due to irregular seasonal rainfall, the monsoon crops which used to remain devoid of water at a particular time were provided water by irrigation from nearby check dams or wells, the crop production did not suffer as earlier. Again, farmers could take “ Ravi” crop also by irrigating the farms. In some areas, even third crop was also possible in form of vegetables, fruits or flowers, etc.
Today, because of heavy recession in industries and business, many unemployed youth are coming back to villages and again starting their livelihood through agriculture as now there is no shortage of water.
Along with check dams the Jyotigram Yojana to supply uninterrupted electricity rescued the small and micro village industries in rural areas.
Impact on development
Once the vicious cycle of poverty was broken and economy started rising, the socio-cultural development took its own course. The sincere efforts of government and whole hearted public participation started showing the results. On one side massive drive for rural infrastructure was going on, contributive nature of donors, NGOs and religious institutions helped in fulfilling the government’s limitations and constraints.
To summarise, 24 hours electricity, drinking water facility, pakka roads, community halls, panchayat rooms, school rooms as per requirement, gaushalas, tree plantations and smriti vans (gardens), etc. are now common features all over the State.
The socio-cultural revolution
The community development and uprising programmes such as educational reforms, de-addiction and no smoking movements, awakening drive against myths and false beliefs, gau-sanvardhan (cow protection) programmes, movement for healthy body and life styles and spiritual awakening were taken up for cultural revolution and national resurgence by various socio-religious institutes such as the RSS, Gayatri parivar, Swadhyaya parivar, Swaminarayan sects, VHP and Brahmakumaris, etc..
Bio diversity and ecology
After water conservation and harvesting movement, the next social movement was massive tree plantation drive. The writer used to allocate rupees 25 lakh yearly for tree plantation, gardens, parks, Ayur Ved gardens and forestry.
It is known fact that the farmer of Gujarat is most hard working and progressive. Once he was assured of enough water, he started getting bumper crops by experiments for scientific and organic farming methods. He switched over to drip and sprinkler irrigation system, organic manure and organic insecticide using cow urine and cow dung, wormiculture, floriculture and even medicinal plants farming.
The one month long ‘Krisi rath yatra’ and ‘Krisi mela’ brings the scientists from laboratory to fields (agriculture field) plays a significant role in educating the farmers for inclusive farming and development. Input was added by Narmada canal irrigation and continuously better monsoon.
Animal husbandry and increased milk production and cow protection took its own positive path due to enough of grazing land.
Now, it is the time for warehousing, cold storage and agro-industries, to come out as new industrial growth swing.
Why small check dams and water harvesting against major dams?
Principally, I agree that our ultimate goal is to harvest, store and conserve rain water as much as possible and by as much means as possible as per the local factors. So I am not against major dams because they serve other purposes also like electricity and biodiversity. Similarly, interlinking of rivers may be undertaken considering the cost benefits and dire need of the area.
Check dams or water harvesting structures are preferred as they are low cost, no need of acquision of agricultural or other land, no disputes, no migration, no rehabilitation, storage at multiple levels, covering river side area for irrigation with or without canals, increase water table in wide areas every time it is filled up, easy desilting whenever required, almost no or minimum maintenance cost and in real sense decentralised control, against all reverse factors for major dams.
Ultimate message is to conserve and manage water at every level.
Considering water as my life mission I remember Robert Frost's poem:
“The woods are lovely, dark and deep,
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep.”
(The writer is former Minister of State for HRD, Health, Heavy Indusry, Government of India.)
October 18th, 2009, 01:22 AM
See first 2.25 minutes of this video
October 19th, 2009, 10:05 AM
^Good video. This will be great for Gujarat.
Thanks for the effort.
March 16th, 2010, 06:31 PM
Source: DNA India (http://www.dnaindia.com/opinion/main-article_narendra-modi-s-farm-miracle_1358133)
Modi’s farm miracle
How India’s western-most state has become a leader in agricultural practices
There is a new mood of resurgence on Gujarat’s farms. Farm incomes have more than doubled during the past 10 years, and are likely to grow even more in the coming years. Gujarat’s agriculture is expected to grow by at least 9 per cent year-on-year in the coming years, compared with just 2-2.5 per cent for the rest of the country. For the first time in India’s history, even farmers from Punjab and Haryana have been flocking to Gujarat just to see what makes the state’s farms so vibrant. Some have even begun purchasing land in Gujarat to grow crops in that state.
The roots of the agricultural revolution in the state lay in 2002-03 when Narendra Modi, Gujarat’s controversial chief minister, decided to revamp the supply of electricity to farms and to industry. Plagued by mounting power losses (caused by lines tripping and also by theft),Modi decided to supply quality power to the farms for at least four hours without any interruption — but only at night. He sold the idea to farmers thus: accessing power at night would allow them to run their pumps on three-phase electricity, thus saving them the cost of diesel-powered pumps. This single move allowed him to authorize the switching off of power supplies to farms during the day when industry, too, could get quality power without frequent breakdowns. Moreover, since most electric pumps would work only for a limited number of hours, it saved on precious groundwater too.
The next was to allow for farmers to integrate with consumers. So in 2003-04, Modi introduced laws permitting contract farming. This helped farmers sell their produce to large purchasers at least a year in advance and also facilitated industry clients to invest in farmers on a long-term basis. To galvanise the farming community, he began in 2005 an annual month-long event called Krishi Mahotsav (farm festival), where all government officers, vendors (of seeds, micro-irrigation — MI — equipment, fertilisers and pesticides) and even agricultural researchers and professors are required to visit each of the identified 18,600 villages.This is when farmers meet large consumers, create marketing linkages and even consult agronomists and government officials. Modi monitors complaints from farmers personally, keeping all concerned on their toes, and creating the groundswell — a critical prerequisite for any mass movement.
At the heart of Gujarat’s agrorevolution is micro-irrigation, which saves water, fertiliser and pesticide. Now, Punjab’s farmers are learning a lesson from Gujarat
He then proceeded to set up the Gujarat Green Revolution Company (GGRC) — the pivot around which Gujarat’s future agricultural growth will depend. GGRC focuses on MI. One of its moves was to extend subsidies on MI to all farmers instead of restricting it only to small farmers. The reason: big farmers are the first to experiment with new ideas. Most small farmers follow.
The GGRC masterstroke was to make the subsidy available only to vendors who could offer ongoing extension services in terms of advice on plant nutrition and protection from qualified agronomists. This move affected MI suppliers. One firm, the largest player in the country, saw its market share in Gujarat plummet from 80 per cent to 20 per cent, while an Israeli firm saw its market share rise from around 10 per cent to 60 per cent. The latter’s agronomists are more in demand than researchers from Gujarat’s farm universities.The shift to MI is critical. Less than 37 per cent of Gujarat’s 95 lakh hectares of cultivable land is under irrigation (canal or tubewell).
The rest is rain-fed. When rains fail, so does agriculture.Yet tubewells,which irrigate almost 18 lakh hectares, deplete groundwater reserves. To control this, Modi ordered the construction of check dams so that water from streams and ponds stays impounded and doesn’t flow into drains and the sea. Over the last eight years, almost two lakh check dams have been built which, in turn, have allowed groundwater levels to soar.
But even this water may not be adequate to meet Gujarat’s needs.That is why Modi has been pushing for increasing the height of the Narmada dam and for MI. MI saves on water as it allows for higher productivity using much less water and fertiliser. For example, in cotton, if rainfed land can yield 0.3-0.4 tonnes an acre, canal/tubewell irrigation can yield 0.8-1.5 tonnes. But introduce micro-irrigation (which combines drip irrigation with feeding fertilizer and pesticides directly to plant roots) and yields can rise to 2-2.5 tonnes — a near three-fold increase over regular irrigation. Besides, farmers save on water, fertiliser and pesticides, too. Similar is the case with wheat, sugarcane, potato and green chillies.
In the past five years, almost 1 per cent of the irrigated land has come under MI. Each one has a success story to tell — with yields doubling, often more. The demonstration effect of these farms is beginning to catch on with other farmers, and the conversion rate is accelerating. But Gujarat’s success story is far from over.
Source: DNA(Friday, March 12, 2010)
March 16th, 2010, 06:37 PM
Source: Indian express http://www.indianexpress.com/news/SSNNL-gets-fresh-extension-of-4-years/590323
The Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited (SSNNL) has been granted another extension of four years to complete the dam project.
The technical appraisal committee, chaired by U N Panjiar, Secretary to the Union Water Resources Ministry and inter-ministerial committee granted the extension on Thursday.
The decision was taken at a meeting of the committee held in New Delhi in which SSNNL Managing Director S Jagdishan was present. Later, Jagdishan told The Indian Express that the committee will now approach the Planning Commission in this regard.
According to Jagdishan, inflation over the last two years and the continuous environmental issues have delayed the project.
The initial estimated cost of the project was Rs 38,923 crore, which has increased to Rs 39,800 crore.
“The primary cause of delay has been the land acquisition issue. In the new Plan of Action (PoA), land acquisition will be based on consent awards and the present market price,” he said.
March 16th, 2010, 06:40 PM
Source: Indian Express
Posted: Tuesday , Mar 16, 2010 at 0225 hrs Ahmedabad:
A thing of the past?
State Water Resources Minister Nitin Patel told the Assembly on Monday that the BJP government has made Gujarat “free of tanker water supply”.
This came after the Opposition Congress attacked the BJP during the budgetary demands of the ministry, alleging the government had failed to provide drinking water supply to the people.
The minister said there was a time when drinking water was supplied to Saurashtra, north Gujarat and Kutch regions with train tankers during summers. But the situation has improved since the BJP government came to power in the state.
This, he said, had been possible due to “missionary zeal” of the BJP government on this front like Sujalam-Sufalam project providing potable water to 9,633 villages and 131 big and small towns, apart from Sardar Sarovar water being supplied to 5,315 villages and 101 towns.
Patel said the government spent Rs 1,988.51 crore on the construction of 1,690-km long drinking water pipeline to the Saurashtra region, Kutch and Ahmedabad districts. Construction of another 286-km long pipeline at the cost of Rs 701 crore for supplying Narmada water to Junagadh and Surendranagar districts was underway, he added.
Another project pertaining to water supply to 4,799 villages and 96 small towns in Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kutch and Ahmedabad districts at an estimated cost of Rs 1,654 crore was also in progress. Work on water supply projects for Porbandar and Rajkot was also underway. He said the government had made a budgetary allocation of Rs 965 crore for improving drinking water supply during 2010-11. Stating that Rs 2,400 crore had been spent under Sujalam-Sufalam project so far, the minister said that another Rs 180 crore had been set aside to supply drinking water to 400 villages during 2010-11 under the project.
A sum of Rs 220 crore had been allocated for water supply projects in coastal belt of the state and Rs 309.25 crore for tribal belt during the current financial year.
April 5th, 2010, 09:04 AM
Kudos to Shri Narendrabhai Modi and his team for efforts in eradicating water problems from the region of Saurashtra and Kutch. This indeed was a serious problem for this region and thus during the period of time has resulted in migration of population in Southern and Northern Gujarat area.
This shall be further improved once the further increasing height of Narmada Dam as approved from MoEF deptt. will become reality on ground. More to this, as flashed in the recent newspaper clips wherein proposed start of Kalpasar Project is estimated at 2011-12 and project has been accorded fast track mode, will add another feather to government especially Shri Narendrabhai Modi in taking concrete steps for making Saurashtra and Kutch areas more independent and agricultural prosperity.
May 2nd, 2010, 09:43 PM
Other states in India need to learn from these methods.
April 27th, 2012, 09:15 PM
X-Posting from solar thread
Innovative use of this marvel.
May 15th, 2012, 04:23 PM
Central govt's move increases fund for Sardar Sarovar Project (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/Central-govts-move-increases-fund-for-Sardar-Sarovar-Project/articleshow/13141948.cms)
A high-level committee of Government of India's (GoI's) finance ministry has cleared a proposal that would enable the Gujarat government to receive nearly 90 per cent of all funds over the new five-year plan, 2012-17, for completing the unfinished task of building canal network of the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP). Well-placed Sachivalaya sources said, the proposal, made on the basis of a plea from Gujarat, would mean all desert zones of India would be treated as drought prone.
"The committee met last week under the chairmanship of the Union finance secretary (expenditure), which include a member of the planning commission, a senior official of the Union water resource ministry, among others", a senior government official told TOI, adding, "The proposal has been sent to the planning commission to be forwarded to the Union cabinet for final clearance. On being cleared, it is not just Gujarat but also other states, most notably Rajasthan, would benefit."
Officials of the state Narmada department have calculated that, once the Union cabinet clears the proposal, the state government will get Rs 7,219 crore from the GoI for creating the pending canal network as against around Rs 4,600 it expected previously. "We have worked out a proposal for submission to the Union water resources department to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for Rs 7,219 crore. We expect the MoU to be signed in about a couple of months", the official said.
The proposal says that the amount is required to build a network of canals to irrigate about 8,500 hectares (ha) in Kutch, North Gujarat and Saurashtra, which is about 47 per cent of the total Narmada command area. Though the entire area falls under the "desert zone" category, it would now be treated as drought-prone. Under GoI rules, a desert zone is entitled to get 25 per cent of Central aid for irrigation, while a drought-prone area is entitled to get 90 per cent of Central funds.
"Once received, it would reduce by half the total funds required by the state government to complete the SSP," the official said.At 2008-09 prices, the total project cost of the SSP has been placed at Rs 39,240 crore. Of this, the Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd (SSNNL) has spent Rs 23,535 crore (As on March 31, 2012). As for the remaining works, the SSNNL requires Rs 15,805 crore, out of which it expects to get nearly half (Rs 7,219 crore) from the GoI."
Currently, works worth Rs 7,000 crore are under progress, which include branch canals, distributaries and minor canals. Work for building sub-minor field channels to take Narmada waters right up to the farms has still not begun, for which Central funds would be particularly useful. "This year alone, we expect the GoI to provide Rs 1,000 crore under AIBP for the canal networking, even as the state finance department has sanctioned Rs 700 crore for the first quarter of 2012-13", the official said.
August 1st, 2012, 04:14 AM
After Olympic success, global firm game for Narmada
GANDHINAGAR: Top international engineering and design consultants, Atkins - involved in projects to improve transport and public space ahead of the London 2012 Olympics - is learnt to have shown keen interest in a major tourism project along the Narmada river.
Well-placed Sachivalaya sources have told TOI that senior Atkins executives met Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd (SSNNL) officials a few days back after they learnt that the Gujarat government has decided to develop the 80-km stretch along the Narmada river from the proposed Sardar Statue site in Sadhu Tekra to Bharbhut, where the river merges into the sea, as a top tourism hub.
"The talks with Atkins were preliminary. They showed interest in developing tourism infrastructure in the area, including a 65-km-long six-lane road from Vadodara to Kevadia colony, two railway lines from Tankhala to Kevadia (13-km stretch) and Rajpipla to Kevadia (22-km stretch) and overall landscaping," a senior official said. "They also took interest in a futuristic project of a metro rail from Vadodara to Sadhu Tekra."
Sardar Patel's statue is proposed to be 182-meters high, tallest in the world. Turner Construction, consultants for the world's tallest building, Burj Khalifa of Dubai, was recently appointed as project management consultant for the Sardar Statue plan.
The decision to develop the tourism corridor along the Narmada river was taken at a recent high-level meeting at chief minister Narendra Modi's residence in Gandhinagar. A presentation made at the meeting said, a separate notified authority, on lines of Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA), will be set up to execute the project, whose initial cost is expected to around Rs 5,000 crore.
"This includes the cost to build the statue, six-lane road from Vadodara to Kevadia Colony, which is next to the Sadhu Tekra, rail link from Vadodara and Rajpipla to Kevadia, and a new bridge on Narmada," an official, who had participated in the high-level meeting, said.
A pre-feasibility study will have to be commissioned in order to assess viability of the tourism corridor project.
"Discussions at the CM's residence, held under the auspices of the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Rashtriya Ekta Trust, revealed that Narmada waters will remain perpetually filled up in the 80-km-long Kevadia-Bharbhut stretch because of the proposed barrage on Narmada river at Bharbhut."
This will convert the whole area into a huge 80-km lake, where water sports can be promoted. "We can also have amusement parks, three and four star hotels, and other tourism activities next to the river. The pre-feasibility study will reveal what all can be done in this area," the official said.
April 13th, 2013, 01:59 AM
Really good article from DG about the lack of progress and roadblocks that the Narmada project is facing.
5 wasted years, the Narmada Dam story (http://deshgujarat.com/2013/04/07/progress-on-halt-at-what-we-call-narmada-dam-the-story-of-five-wasted-years/)
53 years have passed, but Sardar Sarovar Narmada dam project remains an unfinished task till date! Is there any match in the world where a project of such scale and nature is not completed after taking so much long time? Certainly not.
The last construction work at the dam site happened before over five years!
The Government of Gujarat supported by Madhya Pradesh has sought permission for taking up Phase-I construction of spillway piers to full height of 138.62 metres and bridge and installation of 30 steel radial gates over Sardar Sarovar Dam, Gujarat. For the last more than five years, nothing has been done by Government for granting such permission. The height of the dam was raised to 121.92 meters five years ago and since then, work is on a halt.
This halt is bigger than the halt witnessed in past during 1995-1998 for nearly three infamous years when Supreme Court of India had stayed the project.
So who is responsible for this? The answer is: government of Maharashtra, and central government both.
The story of present situation
As per the direction of the Supreme Court dated 18.10.2000 in Writ Petition No. 319/1994, the permission to raise the height of the Sardar Sarovar Dam beyond 90 m. is given by the Narmada Control Authority, from time to time, after it obtains the clearance from the Relief and Rehabilitation (R&R) Sub-group (including consultation with the three Grievances Redressal Authorities of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra) and the Environment Sub-group. As per the same order the R&R Sub-Group conveys clearance only after consultation with the Grievance Redressal Authorities (GRAs).
The GRA, Maharashtra, in their opinion dated 08.08.2012 had pointed out certain deficiencies in regard to the R & R work in Maharashtra.
The Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) Sub-Group of Narmada Control Authority (NCA), chaired by the Secretary, Department of Social Justice and Empowerment, that reviews and monitors the implementation of resettlement and rehabilitation policies and programmes in its meeting held on 12.09.12 met and discussed Gujarat’s demand to raise the dam height but no decision was taken because of certain non-completion of work in Maharashtra. Maharashtra was then asked to submit a report on compliance.
The Government of Maharashtra subsequently, vide their letter dated 17.1.2013, submitted an Action Taken Report in the matter related to the compliance of deficiencies outlined by the Grievances Redressal Authority(GRA Maharashtra) which inter-alia include:
-Boundaries of agricultural lands not being shown on possession receipt of the Project Affected Families (PAFs)
-Non-measurement of land allotted to the PAFs
-Non-eviction of encroachers on the land allotted to the PAFs
-Panchanama of land allotted to the PAFs not being signed by all concerned
-Non-resolution of issues related to Savariya Digar and Bilgaon
-Non-allotment of land to 12 PAFs and house plots to 16 PAFs, etc.
Now the meeting of the R & R Sub-Group, NCA, to consider clearance of further raising the height of the Sardar Sarovar Dam, would be held after examination/verification of the Report of the Government of Maharashtra. But there’s no time limit declared, and the centre doesn’t look in any hurry!
The deficiencies outlined by the GRA Maharashtra are about R&R tasks performed by Maharashtra Government. The root of the problem is in Maharashtra. And it is not for the first time that the speed of this project is impacted due to nothing-doing, lately-doing or wrongly-doing approach on Maharashtra administration. Maharashtra is responsible for slow speed of the project for last many years.
Maharashtra government’s record has never been good
Couple of years back the Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, in his capacity as the Chairman of the R&R Sub-Group of Narmada Control Authority, had to write reminders to the Government of Maharashtra on 25.2.2011, 20.6.2011 and 14.7.2011 (three times in a year) for early completion of Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) work by way of (i) allotment of one hectare additional land to major sons of Project Affected Families (PAFs) at then dam height of EL 121.92 meters, and (ii) in respect of declared PAFs remaining for R&R between then dam height and the Full Reservoir Level. This had to be done, after a meeting of the R&R Sub-Group, fixed for 6th February, 2012 had to be postponed at the “request” of Maharashtra Government.
It is interesting to note that Gujarat government has allocated about 125 ha land in Gujarat’s Nijhar taluka for rehabilitation of Maharashtra’s 90 people affected by construction of Sardar Sarovar dam. Gujarat government has also paid Rs 43 crore to Maharashtra government in year 2009-10 for R&R works. But things are not just working properly in Maharashtra!
As on November 2010, out of total of 46,709 Project Affected Families (PAFs) likely to be affected by construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam, 46,387 PAFs had been resettled.Resettlement of balance 322 PAFs was in progress. All these 322 PAF were from Maharashtra. While other states have completed far major tasks, Maharashtra administration took too much time, and contributed to great delay in the project.
In 2009, while the Government of Madhya Pradesh (GOMP) and Gujarat (GOG) had submitted the Action Taken Reports (ATRs) for Sardar Sarovar Dam height i.e., EL 121.92m related to the building of the piers of dam, the Government of Maharashtra (GOM) had not submitted the ATRs concerning completion of resettlement works related to building of the piers of the dam.
Maharashtra officials behaved like vilains of Sardar Sarovar project in February 2009 meeting of Narmada Control Authority (NCA). While Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh were in favour of permission to further construction on the Sardar Sarovar dam, Maharashtra took objection to this. In a meeting of the NCA and R&R officials in Delhi, presided over by K.M. Acharya
Senior Secretary, Union Social Welfare Ministry A.K. Joti Managing Director of the Sardar Sarvar Narmada Nigam Ltd (SSNL), Rehabilitation Commissioner M.S. Dagur, Deputy General Manager of the Sadar Sarovar Naramada Agency R.G. Trivedi, argued that it was necessary to grant permission to Gujarat before monsoon season sets in June.
They said both Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh have already completed works on R&R front for raising the height of the dam upto 138.62m as fixed by the Naramada Water Dispute Tribunal (NWDT). Also, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh had provided this information to NCA more than 12 months ago and had requested it to grant permission to Gujarat.
Only Maharashtra officials took objection to it saying that there were 360 Project Affected Persons (PAPS) who were yet to be rehabilitated and also argued that additional submergence would take place after permission is granted to Gujarat. Dismissing the arguments of Maharashtra, both the states of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh said that the additional submergence of areas was not going to take place as the radial gates and piers are to be kept in open position and it would take 18 months.
Gujarat officials said that the identified maps from MP and Maharashtra had already been rehabilitated at various R&R sites in Gujarat and now the question of rehabilitation from Maharashtra was not arising. Maharashtra had to address this problem on its own. However, Maharashtra succeeded in pressing for the report of the GRA before taking any decision on it.
Before granting permission, the NCA gets reports from R&R group, environment group and GRA. So Relief and Rehabilitation (R&R) group sought report from the Redressel Grievances Authority (GRA) of Maharashtra before taking a decision on granting permission to Gujarat for installing radial gates and construction of spillway piers on the Sardar Sarovar Dam on Narmada river at Kevadiya.A decision that once again delayed further works of the dam.
Criticizing this move, Gujarat officials had said that if NCA was interested in getting the report of GRA from Maharashtra, then why it delayed the matter for 12 months during which period meetings of NCAs R&R group were held several times.
Common sense not applied
It is interesting to note here that Government of Gujarat had submitted a proposal for further raising of Sardar Sarovar Dam to Narmada Control Authority in 2008, which was considered in its 80th meeting held on 12-08-2008 and it was interalia decided that further construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam would be carried out in two phases:
(i) Construction of Spillway Piers to its full height and bridge and installation of Gates(to be kept in raised position) and;
(ii) Lowering down of Gates and impounding water in the Reservoir to Full Reservoir Level to EL 138.68M.
The Authority further had decided that the issue of next stage of construction would first be considered in Environment Sub-Group and R&R Sub-Group including consultation with Grievance Redressal Authorities(GRAs), and thereafter, the matter would be considered by the Narmada Control Authority.
The present issues are with R&R Sub-Group, and that too about only few families in Maharashtra. The issue is not so big, that it can halt construction of dam for a period as long as five years! Therefore the doubts are raised that what is the real issue then? Politics? Influence of anti-dam elements? Sabotage?
This questions are important because as per the first phase narrated above gates are to be kept in raised position, and therefore there’s no question of further land getting submerged! If gates are kept opened, how further land can go under water?
Chief Minister Narendra Modi has asked this question in every recent meeting with the Prime Minister. The point is valid, erection of gates will take two-three years time, even after permission is granted by NCA anytime in future.
Narmada Causeway, not dam yet!
Without erection of gates, dam can not be actually called a full-fledged dam, rather it should be called causeway. It’s because controlling the outflow of water is just not possible without having gates over dam. Not only this, but due to lack of gates over the dam, massive flow of water falls over the surface and ski jump of dam almost every year. This may cause damage to the structure, and it is not advisable to keep the dam in this condition for long time!
It seems, ministry of Social Justice that is responsible for giving green signal to further construction work of Sardar Sarovar project is taking this task too casually. The need of pushing the things on war foot basis is completely absent. R&R performance, and overall approach of Maharashtra is ofcourse root cause of the delay.
When Congress is ruling party in both Maharashtra and Centre, it is the duty of Gujarat Congress leaders to use their influence to speed up the things lately.
Gujarat has witnessed overflowing Narmada dam in monsoon in last ten years. Last year, Narmada dam was overflowing for record long period at 121.92 meter height. Due to lack of gates over the dam, so much water is wasted that it can satisfy the needs of irrigation, drinking water, industries of Gujarat for two full years. At 138 meter height, Sardar Sarovar reservoir can store four times more water.
For some rehabilitation problems here-and-there involving only few families, country can’t be pushed to pay so big cost. The problems pertaining to R&R are not so big, but the problems pertaining to our system, lack of willingness, political agendas, working style of government, India first approach are bigger.
The Sardar Sarovar Project estimates were approved by the Planning Commission of India, in October, 1988, amounting to Rs. 6406.04 crore at the price level of 1986-87. The revised investment clearance accorded by the Planning Commission on dated 20.05.2010 was for an amount of Rs. 39240.45 crore at the 2008-09 price level.
And we are inviting more delay? In that case no body would be a winner, and nation will stay as loser.
April 13th, 2013, 02:08 AM
As it is basically an extension of Narmada Project, prob best to put updates about SAUNI project in this thread too.
Bids for CMs SAUNI project soon (http://www.indianexpress.com/news/bids-for-cms-sauni-project-soon/1098062/)
Amid acute water crisis in Saurashtra, tenders for much awaited Saurashtra Narmada Avtaran Irrigation (SAUNI) project announced by Chief Minister Narendra Modi will be floated this month. But it is not yet certain when finally Narmada water will reach to all 115 dams in parched Saurashtra.
Technical and feasibility survey of the project comprising four main links have been over. "With all surveys done, tenders for for this project will be invited from this month," Agriculture and Irrigation Minister Babu Bokhiria said while speaking to The Indian Express, adding, "Tenders for all four links will be invited simultaneously."
However, there has been no clarity on when water will reach to the dams. "Narmada waters will reach to Machch-II in Morbi, which is one of 115 dams to be filled in the first phase in coming years," Bokhiria said in Assembly on April 1. But no word was given on tentative month or years for completion of the project.
At present, 10 districts in the state, including six in Saurashtra-Rajkot, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Amreli, Porbandar and Bhavnagar have been declared scarcity-hit by the state government. However, the central government has declared 17 districts in Gujarat, including all seven in Saurashtra, drought affected.
Under SAUNI, dams of all the seven districts of Saurashtra will be filled with one million acre feet of surplus Naramda water at the cost of Rs 10,000 crore.
As per geographical and water conservation capacity review of the irrigation dams carried out by international experts, Saurashtra region will be divided into four link zones - east, west, central and south zones. Narmada water will be filled through gravity in 115 dams of seven districts by 1,115 km long link canals of all the four zones.
May 8th, 2013, 01:43 AM
Seeing as Water is such a major issue right now, it may be worthwhile to try and keep Kalpasar related things here for ease of reference rather than in the main Gujarat projects thread - at least until there is enough progress to warrant a seperate thread?
Rs 4000 Cr tender for Bhadbhut barrage soon (http://deshgujarat.com/2013/05/05/rs-4000-crore-tender-for-bhadbhut-barrage-part-of-kalpasar-project-soonnarendra-modi/)
Speaking at large gathering of villagers from all over Saurashtra region at Bhadar dam in Rajkot district today, Gujarat Chief Minister Shri Narendra Modi said that tender for Rs 4,000 crore works on Bhadbhut barrage which is part of ambitious Kalpsar project will be floated soon.
He said, construction of Bhadbhut barrage in Bharuch district of central Gujarat will prevent surplus Narmada water going to the sea, and conserve it on land. A canal will be constructed to supply water stored in Bhadbhut barrage to Kalpsar. Thus surplus water of Narmada water will go to Kalpsar, and work on this project will start soon.
Modi said that 80 percent feasibility reports for Kalpsar project are over.
Modi said the project has capacity to solve the problem of water in Saurashstra for next 100 years.
Modi attacked centre for not allowing erection of gates over Narmada dam. He said the state government is ready to keep the gates open which would ensure that there’s no further submergence, but central government is not concerned about progress of Narmada project, the centre just is concerned about bhai, bhatijas.
In his speech, Shri Modi profusely congratulated Saurashtra Jaldhara Trust(NGO) that organized the programme and took on the so-called activists over their double standards. “Had this NGO been English speaking, with people who wear torn Kurtas with Jholas, who frequent 5 Star hotels and got money from overseas, it would have been praised all over India and the world. Oppose Narmada and you will shine on TV but support it and it is different,” he stated.
Bhadbhut barrage overview
11 km long and 100 ft wide Bhadbhut barrage will be constructed near the mouth of Narmada river near Hansot. It will connect Hansot and Hazira through six lane highway.The initial cost of barrage was announced at around Rs 2500 crore by state Finance Minister last year in Gujarat assembly.
Once constructed, the barrage will store more water than total water storage capacity of Saurashtra’s two biggest dams Shetrunji and Bhadar together.
Bhadbhut dam will be connected to Kalpasar project through a 32 km long canal which is yet to be constructed.
May 8th, 2013, 02:04 AM
Map overview of the big 3 projects
Narmada, SAUNI and Kalpasar
Narmada Canal Network
(for big version click here (http://www.sardarsarovardam.org/assets/img/FCKImages/Canal_Network.jpg)
Sauni Pipeline Network (Narmada canal network in red)
Kalpasar Catchment Area
Can see the evolution of the proposed Saurashtra pipeline network in the original Narmada plans into what has now become the SAUNI project, which is currently at the tendering stage.
Kalpasar remains the big "question mark" project. Hopefully with the studies now nearing completion, the fate of it will become more clear.
May 8th, 2013, 09:23 PM
Very interesting maps!
July 4th, 2013, 07:19 AM
Final nod to raise Narmada dam height will be delayed
STATES LIFELINE: The Sardar Sarovar reservoir
Gandhinagar: Permission to raise the height of the Narmada dam to 138.68m will not come soon and the project is set for more delays.Although Gujarat government got the green signal from the subcommittee on resettlement and rehabilitation of the Narmada Control Authority (NCA) last week,clearance from Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee (SSCAC) and review committee for NCA are yet to be given.
The secretary of the union ministry of water resources is the chairman of NCA and SSCAC while the members are from Gujarat,Madhya Pradesh,Maharashtra,Rajasthan and other central government organizations.
An official from Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd,the nodal agency for the projects implementation said,The new secretary in the water resources ministry has taken over just two days ago.He will take time to settle down before the matter is taken up.This may take a few more months.Moreover,even if the secretary agrees,the review committee of the NCA,headed by the union minister for water resources and with chief ministers of partner states as members,will also have to give the go-ahead to the proposal.This may take some time.We hope that,considering the escalating cost,the NCA and the union government expedite the matter and issue final clearances soon.
Gujarat is paying Rs 28 crore per annum to Jayprakash Industries according to the construction contract since 2006.More than Rs 200 crore have been paid to the company without any work being done.
As permissions to raise the dam height have not come,Gujarat and other project partner states are losing hundreds of crores.Current estimates state that the loss from non-utilization of power generation capacity in the last six year is Rs 900 crore.If the potential loss from water wastage is added,the figure is much higher.
On the dams height being raised to 138.68m from the present 121.92m,total storage capacity will increase to 46.8 lakh acre-feet.This will facilitate additional irrigation of 6.8 lakh hectares of agricultural land,40% more power generation,enhanced supply of potable water for domestic use,effective flood control and carryover storage will help effectively mitigate drought.
July 19th, 2013, 06:27 AM
courtesy: fb page
August 20th, 2013, 10:32 AM
Interlinking of rivers in north Gujarat redefines surplus rainwater management (http://deshgujarat.com/2013/08/19/18600-cusec-narmada-water-diverted-to-north-gujarat/)
The multi-purpose interstate Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) on Narmada River has proved to be a boon to the water-starved north Gujarat region too, thanks to the Sujalam Sufalam Yojna built under the guidance of Chief Minister Narendra Modi.
Nearly 1,200 cusec of surplus rainwater, overflowing the SSP and Kadana dams, is now being released to the 310-km long Sujalam Safalam Spreading Canal, which serves the Gandhinagar, Mehsana, Sabarkantha and Patan districts. These districts are situated at a higher elevation than the Narmada Main Canal Command Area.
Similar efforts to divert the surplus rainwater from Narmada Main Canal (NMC) and other dams in the region have helped release total 18,600 cusec of water to recharge the seasonal smaller Heran, Karad, Kun, Sabarmati, Rupen and Banas rivers.
While Sujalam Safalam Yojna has filled up 36 lakes and the NMC-based nine lift irrigation schemes another 174 lakes, totaling 210 lakes, besides filling up innumerous khet talavdis (farm ponds) and recharging underground water table in the region. It has been made possible only because of pre-monsoon preparedness by the State Irrigation Department, in absence of which these
Interlinking of rivers in north Gujarat region has thus redefined the concept of management of surplus rainwater, which would have gone down the rivers into the sea.
The irrigation department had earlier recharged Saraswati River near Sidhpur with the help of Khorsam-Saraswati lift irrigation scheme, as well as canal escape route.
The Dharoi dam on the Sabarmati has so far stored 344 mcm of water as against its capacity of 813 mcm