View Full Version : [Poland]-Two photos per post
September 16th, 2011, 12:23 PM
Matejko paintings - examples
The Battle of Grunwald
Dimensions 426 cm × 987 cm
Location Warsaw National Museum
It took Matejko three years to complete The Battle of Grunwald. The theme of the painting is the historic battle in Grunwald (in German: Tannenberg) 1410, which ended with a complete Polish-Lithuanian victory over the Teutonic Crusader Knights. It was the first step for Poland to emerge as a major power in Europe.
It was after Matejko's painting that, during their wartime period of German occupation, was the object of a furious and detailed search. The Germans were however unsuccessful in their search because of the many Polish patriots who risked their lives to keep it hidden.
The Prussian Homage or Tribute
Dimensions 388 cm × 785cm
Location Sukiennice Museum, Kraków
It depicts a tribute made by Albrecht Hohenzollern, the Duke of Prussia, to Polish King Sigismund I the Old in the Kraków market square on 10 April 1525.
Matejko began to paint it on the Christmas Eve of 1879 and finished it in 1882.
The pro-Polish and anti-Prussian character of the painting caused William I, German Emperor to object to a proposal about rewarding Matejko; it was the time that Prussia would engage heavily in an attempt to replace Polish culture on its territory with a German one.
During World War II, in occupied Poland, this painting, together with the Matejko's painting on the battle of Grunwald, was one of the two paintings on the "most wanted" list by the Nazis, who engaged in a systematic action of trying to physically destroy all artifacts of Polish culture. It was, fortunately, hidden and safeguarded through the course of the war (in the town of Zamość).
As of 29 August 2011, the painting has been dismantled for an art exhibition entitled "Side by Side Poland - Germany" promoted by the 1000 Years of Art and History project of the Royal Warsaw Castle in cooperation with the Martin-Gropius-Bau exhibition hall in Berlin. The exhibition will be open to the general public in Berlin from 23 September 2011 to 9 January 2012.
King Stefan Batory at Pskov
Dimensions 322 × 512 cm
During the Livonian War (1578-1582), between Ivan the Terrible of Russia and Stefan Batory of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the city was besieged by Polish forces. Poland failed to capture the city, but forced Russia to return other territories and gained Livonia. The siege was the setting of this painting. The siege of Pskov from the Polish perspective: Batory at Pskov, 1579. Painting by Jan Matejko in 1872. Matejko's allegoric painting illustrates the concept of romantic nationalism: the Muscovites are represented doing homage to the Polish king.
The Lublin Union
Dimensions: 298 × 512 cm
Location: Lublin Castle
The Union of Lublin in 1569 replaced the personal union of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with a real union and an elective monarchy, since Sigismund II Augustus.
It was signed July 1, 1569, in Lublin, Poland, and created a single State, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth was ruled by a single elected monarch who carried out the duties of Polish King and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and governed with a common Senate and parliament. The Union created the largest and one of most populous states in 17th century Europe (excluding the states not completely in Europe - the Russian or Ottoman Empires).
September 16th, 2011, 12:35 PM
Table Mountains National Park
The Table Mountains National Park (Polish: Park Narodowy Gór Stołowych) is a National Park in Poland. It includes the Polish section of the Table Mountains (Góry Stołowe), which are part of the Sudetes range.
It is located in south-western Poland, in Kłodzko County in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, near the border with the Czech Republic. Created in 1993, the Park covers an area of 63.39 square kilometres (24.48 sq mi), of which forests accounts for 57.79 km˛.
The Table Mountains landscape started to form 70 million years ago. The range’s unique shape is a result of hundreds of thousands of years of erosion. There are several notable rock formations, among them Kwoka ("Hen"), Wielblad ("Camel") and Glowa wielkoluda ("Giant’s head"). Also, there is a sophisticated system of corridors which creates rock labyrinths.
In the forested areas of the park there are deer, red deer, wild pig, squirrels, hedgehogs, many birds and reptiles including lizards and adders.
The history of the Table Mountains is closely connected with the history of the Kłodzko region, located on the borderland of Silesia, Bohemia and Moravia. After Hussite wars of the 14th and 15th century, the area thrived and later on first spas at Kudowa, Duszniki and Polanica were opened.
September 16th, 2011, 12:50 PM
Table Mountains National Park - Warren Rocks
September 16th, 2011, 12:59 PM
The Vistula Spit (Polish: Mierzeja Wiślana) is a spit, or peninsular stretch of land, which separates Vistula Lagoon from Gdańsk Bay in the Baltic Sea.
The border between Poland and Kaliningrad Oblast, an exclave of Russia, bisects it, politically dividing the spit in half between the two countries. The westernmost point of Russia is located on the Vistula Spit. The Polish part contains a number of tourist resorts, incorporated administratively as the town of Krynica Morska.
September 16th, 2011, 01:18 PM
Bolczów Castle is located near Janowice Wielkie. Building of the castle is attributed to Clericus Bolcze, a courtier of Polish duke Bolko II in the year 1375.
Captured by Hussites, it was destroyed by the punitive expedition of Wrocław and Świdnica townsmen. Since the 16th century, the castle was owned by Justus Decjusz, a courtier of Polish king Sigismund I the Old. He reconstructed the ruined castle and developed copper mining in the surroundings.
After Decjusz's death, the castle became property of the Schaffgotsch family. It was destroyed again during the Thirty Years' War, when Swedes were looking for its treasures. After this invasion, Bolczów Castle never regained its splendor, even though it was partly reconstructed in the 19th century.
September 16th, 2011, 02:15 PM
September 16th, 2011, 02:35 PM
Polish folk - Łowicz region
The historical Łowicz region is part of Mazowsze, one of the five main ethnographic areas of Poland. The region is situated in the very heart of the country, southwest of Warsaw, in the valley of one of the Vistula's tributaries, the river Bzura.
The traditional wear of the Łowicz region is one of the most beautiful in all of Poland, rich on colorful woven patterns and ornate embroidery. The history of the development of Łowicz woolen woven cloth and of the garments made from it is carefully recorded and skillfully presented in the unique ethnographic museum in Łowicz.
Łowicz folk music has been an inspiration to many artists. We can hear the motifs of the 0berek and the Kujon in Chopin's mazurkas, waltzes, and preludes.
Besides the singing, dancing also plays a very important part in the Łowicz region. As is typical in all central Poland, the dominant rhythm is 3/4 or 3/8 time. The most popular dances are: the exuberant 0berek, the nostalgic Kujon characterized by its variable tempo, similar to the Kujawiak, the ceremonial Chodzony (walking dance) and various Walczyks (light waltzes). The 2/4 meter is represented by various polkas and the Klapok (clapping dance). As in other parts of Poland, the dances are often interrupted or accompanied by short songs, often composed on the spot. Łowicz melodies, songs, and dances are sometimes similar to those of the neighboring sub-regions.
September 16th, 2011, 04:14 PM
September 16th, 2011, 04:28 PM
September 16th, 2011, 04:31 PM
The Łęczyca Royal Castle is a medieval castle situated in Łęczyca, Poland. The castle was erected by Polish king Casimir III the Great as a fortification during 1357-1370.
Immediately after its completion, the Castle became one of residences of king Casimir the Great, and then was the seat of governor od Łęczyca. In 1406 it was burned by the Teutonic Knights and rebuilt the following years to serve as a place of a conference in 1409, where decisions were taken in connection with the approaching war with the Order.
After the Battle of Grunwald many of the Teutonic Knights were incarcerated here. In subsequent years, four diets were held here (1420, 1448, 1454 and 1462), and the castle became the seat of the king Casimir IV Jagiellon during another war with the Order (1454-1466).
After a great fire in the second half of the 15th century the castle remain in ruins till the early 1560s. Then, in 1563-1565, Jan Lutomirski, Grand Treasurer of the Crown completely rebuilt the castle. The cost of the entire project amounted to nearly 3,000 florins, derived from the royal treasury. The disasters that strucked the stronghold in the first half of the 17th century, helped the Swedish General Robert Douglas, Count of Skenninge to take the castle, which was defended by starosta Jakub Olbrycht Szczawiński, during the Deluge in 1655. The destruction was completed in 1707 during another another Swedish occupation.
Over the next years local residents used the remains of the castle as a source of building materials. After the World War II, the castle became the seat of the scout troop, and in 1964 reconstruction started. Now it's a museum.
September 17th, 2011, 01:26 AM
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4045/4705819110_fafbbd04cc_b.jpg (http://www.flickr.com/photos/robertdanieluk/4705819110/) Lublin_060610_15 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/robertdanieluk/4705819110/) by Robert Danieluk (http://www.flickr.com/people/robertdanieluk/), on Flickr
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4041/4705819494_f79f12ea9e_b.jpg (http://www.flickr.com/photos/robertdanieluk/4705819494/) Lublin_060610_16 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/robertdanieluk/4705819494/) by Robert Danieluk (http://www.flickr.com/people/robertdanieluk/), on Flickr
September 17th, 2011, 07:12 AM
Żuławy Wiślane - little Holland in Poland :)
Żuławy Wiślane is the alluvial delta area of the Vistula, in large part reclaimed artificially by means of dykes, pumps, channels (over 17000 km of total length) and extensive drainage system. It is a forestless agricultural plain of ca 1000 square km, which falls from a base situated near Biała Góra where Vistula branches, from a height of just over 10 m., a.s.l.
to -1.8 m. b.s.l., in the north and particularly north-east (lowest point in the country), forming a depression (28% of the area).
Farming features wheat, oats, colza, corn, white beets, cabbage and stock-breeding.
"Centuries of human activities are visible in the thousands of kilometers of canals and drainage ditches, a dense drainage network, the banking up of the rivers, pumping stations and the formation of a system of polders. In effect, the natural environment underwent such transformation that it would be difficult to find any fragments, which remain unchanged."
September 17th, 2011, 07:29 AM
Żuławy Wiślane - Mennonites houses
The Vistula Delta in Northern Poland, once part of Polish province Royal Prussia, is the ancestral home of perhaps half of all Mennonites with European roots. Originally they came to this region because Poland offered toleration at a time when much of Europe was persecuting Mennonites. Gradually many Mennonite communities and churches were established in the region.
As early as 1530, Dutch-North German Mennonites migrated to the Vistula Delta.
At the end of the 18th century, because of Prussian military policies, many Mennonites moved to Russia, but many stayed until the end of World War II, when they were forced to flee. Distinctive farms, buildings and churches tell the rich story of a people who lived here for more than four centuries.
September 17th, 2011, 07:54 AM
Tatra National Park
Tatra National Park (Polish: Tatrzański Park Narodowy; abbr. TPN) is a Polish National Park located in the Tatra mountains in southern Poland, bordering Slovakia.
It was created in 1954 on an area of 215.56 km˛, but it is currently slightly smaller, at 211.64 km2 (81.71 sq mi).
The Park has its headquarters in the town of Zakopane. There is also a similar national park on the Slovakian side of the border, called Tatranský národný park.
The first calls for protection of the Tatras came at the end of the 19th century. In 1925 the first efforts to create a national park, in cooperation with Slovakia, took place. Formally the park was created in 1937, on an area that belonged to the state forests authority. In 1947, a separate administrative unit, Tatra Park, was created. And in 1954, by decision of the Polish Government, Tatra National Park was created. In 1992, the Polish and Slovakian national parks in the Tatras were jointly designated a transboundary biosphere reserve by UNESCO under its Man and the Biosphere programme.
The Tatra Mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry either in Polish and in Slovak, Tátra in Hungarian), are a mountain range which forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland, and are the highest mountain range in the Carpathian Mountains.
The National Park covers the only Alpine mountain range in Poland. The highest peak in Poland, Rysy (2,499 m AMSL), is located here. The Polish Tatra range, which is a part of the Carpathian Mountains, is divided into two parts: High Tatras (Tatry Wysokie) and Western Tatras (Tatry Zachodnie). The landscape consists of sharp-edged peaks and hollows with numerous rock formations. There are around 650 caves, of which the cave system Wielka Sniezna is the longest (18 km) and the deepest (maximum depth 814 m). Six caves of the system are open to public.
There are several streams and around 30 mountain lakes called staw (pond). These water bodies are an important part of the High Tatra landscape. The largest lakes are: Morskie Oko with an area of 349,000 m˛ and maximum depth of 50.8 m, and Wielki Staw Polski with an area of 344,000 m˛ and maximum depth of 79.3 m. Longest streams reach 20 km. Waterfalls, such as Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza are popular with tourists. The highest waterfall is Wielka Siklawa at 70 m.
The National Park contains several endemic species and many endangered and protected ones. Animals include: Tatra chamois and marmot, both protected since the mid-19th century, brown bear, Eurasian lynx, wolf, otter, eagle, and falcon.
Tatra National Park is visited by more than 3 million tourists every year, which makes it the most visited national park in Poland.
Świnica - Świnica (Polish) or Svinica (Slovak) is a mountain in the main crest of the High Tatras, on the Polish-Slovak border. The main peak is at 2,301 m AMSL.
Five Polish Ponds Valley
September 17th, 2011, 08:12 AM
Tatra National Park - Orla Perć (Eagle's Path)
Orla Perć (English Eagle's Path) is a tourist path in the Tatra Mountains in southern Poland.
It is considered the most difficult and dangerous public path in the entire Tatras and is therefore a suitable destination only for experienced tourists and climbers.
The path is marked with red signs. Since it was established, more than one hundred people have lost their lives on the route, the most frequent cause being slips and trips on the snowy surface and the slippery granite.
Total walking time (summer, depending on trails conditions) varies between 6 and 8 hours. The highest point is Kozi Wierch at 2291 m amsl.
The path is exposed, leading mostly along the mountain ridge. Numerous aids for tourists are provided at the most steep and vertical stretches, including ladders, stepladders, chains and metal steps. The most frequent ground constitutes mainly granite slab, rough rubble and uneven surface. The path is linked to other routes; there are altogether eight junctions with other paths, leading to mountain shelters and chalets. The stretch from Zawrat pass - Kozi Wierch is one-way only. Falling stones and avalanches are possible along the route.
The path was conceived in 1901, the brainchild of Franciszek Henryk Nowicki, Polish poet and mountain guide.
September 17th, 2011, 09:41 AM
Polish folk - 'Górale' (Highlanders) from Zakopane and Podhale
In many areas of Polish Mountains people wear regional costumes on a daily basis.
Podhale is one of a few regions in Poland where folk costumes are used commonly. It is partly due to a rich tradition of this region, partly to attract tourists. All horse cabmen wear traditional folk costumes. Here wearing a folk costume help with the business since the business rely mainly on tourists.
Mountaineers called in Polish górale, are well-known not only for their regional pride but also for their patriotism. Gorale allegedly saved a life of a Polish king Jan Casimir when he was escaping Swedish deluge invasion in XVII century.
Mountaineers called in Polish górale, are well-known not only for their regional pride but also for their patriotism and even anti-communism. Górale (highlanders) allegedly saved a life of a Polish king Jan Casimir when he was escaping Swedish deluge invasion in XVII century.
Before tourism industry was developed – many regions, especially in the highest mountains were very poor, since the climate here is too harsh for agriculture. Many mountaineers were just shepherds, since sheep were the only animals which survived this climate well. So the percentage of people who decide to emigrate to America was especially high among mountaineers at the turn of XIX and XX centuries.
Polish emigration. In a long run it helped this region to develop better since people who emigrated abroad were helping their family which remained in the mountains.
Folk costumes differ a bit from region to region since some of the villages in the mountains were so isolated from the other.
The most commonly known is a costume from Podhale. The most popular among tourists parts of the goral' costume are characteristic folk shoes – so called kierpce and a cane called ciupaga.
Mountaineers are very proud of their roots and old traditions. Some last names are characteristic only for certain regions. For instance last names – Bachleda or Gasienica are specific for Zakopane – a biggest town in Podhale region.
September 17th, 2011, 09:53 AM
Zakopane Style architecture
Zakopane Style architecture is a mode inspired by the regional art of Poland’s highland region known as Podhale. Drawing on the motifs and traditions in the buildings of the Carpathian Mountains, this synthesis was created by Stanisław Witkiewicz and is now considered to be one of the core traditions of the Góral people.
As the Podhale region developed into a tourist area in the mid 19th century, the population of Zakopane began to rise.
Stanislaw Witkiewicz, an art critic, architect, painter, novelist and journalist, was chosen to design a villa for Zygmunt Gnatowski. In his plans, Witkiewicz decided against using these foreign building styles and instead chose to utilize the local traditions used by the native Górals of Podhale. Drawing on the Vernacular architecture of the Carpathians, Witkiewicz used as a model the modest but richly decorated homes in Góral villages such as Chochołów which he further enriched by incorporating select elements of Art Nouveau style, thus giving birth to the "Zakopane Style".
Witkiewicz designed a number of original buildings in Zakopane, including the "Dom pod Jedlami" in the Koziniec district, the chapel in the Jaszczurowka district, Villa "Oksza" on Zamojski Street, the building of the Tatra Museum, the chapel of St. John the Baptist in the parish Church of the Holy Family on Krupówki Street, and the Korniłowicz family chapel in the Bystre district.
The Zakopane style dominated architecture in the Podhale region for many years. Although the cutoff date for buildings designed in the Zakopane Style of Architecture is usually held to be 1914, many new pensions, villas and highlander homes are built according to the architectural model devised by Witkiewicz to the present day.
The Zakopane style also gained popularity beyond the Polish highlands. In the Warsaw area, attempts were made to adapt the style to brick construction.
Examples include Czeslaw Domaniewski’s design for a series of train stations and the design for a townhouse located at 30 Chmielna Street in the center of Warsaw. In 1900, the young Krakow-based architect Franciszek Mączynski won an international architectural competition organized by the Paris-based magazine "Moniteur des Architectes" with a design of a villa in the Zakopane style. There was also the Chata built for author Stefan Żeromski in Nałęczów, a series of villas in Wisła as well as in Konstancin and Anin and a brick tenement by Jan Starowicz dubbed "Beneath the Góral" in Łódź, as well as the train station in Saldutiškis, Lithuania.
Additionally, the Góral diaspora has incorporated the norms and designs of the Zakopane Style of Architecture into homes, chapels and community buildings that serve their community, such as the Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America in Chicago, or the chapel on the grounds of the Polish National Alliance's Youth Camp in Yorkville.
September 17th, 2011, 11:58 AM
September 17th, 2011, 04:56 PM
September 17th, 2011, 05:06 PM
Otwock Wielki palace
September 17th, 2011, 05:10 PM
Nice pics in post #1768:cheers:
September 17th, 2011, 05:27 PM
Śmiełów palace - Adam Mickiewicz Museum
The palace, erected at the end of the 18th century as the seat of Andrzej Gorzenski, a Poznan magistrate, was built by Stanislaw Zawadzki and is a remarkable example of Polish architecture of the Classicist period.
Shaped like a horseshoe, the building has a jutting colonnade portico, so-called porch, and very characteristic annexes with slanting roofs, patterned on Chinese pagodas.
Ca. 1880 Franciszek and Antoni Smuglewicz decorated the interior with murals, while stucco decorations were made by Michal Ceptowski. Apart from the palace, Zawadzki designed also the outbuildings; the granary and the stable have been preserved until today.
The complex is surrounded by a landscape park offering a magnificent view of the surroundings; the park, just like the palace, assumed its present form at the close of the 18th century. The first owner of Smielow, Andrzej Gorzenski, was a free mason and as a result we can encounter numerous elements indicating his membership in a Masonic lodge, e.g. a free masonry altar in the staircase.
Adam Mickiewicz (December 24, 1798 – November 26, 1855) was a Polish poet, publisher and political writer of the Romantic period. One of the primary representatives of the Polish Romanticism era, a national poet of Poland, he is seen as one of Poland's Three Bards and the greatest poet in all of Polish literature. He is also considered one of the greatest Slavic language and European poets.
Mickiewicz has been compared both at home and in Western Europe to Byron and Goethe.
He is known primarily as the author of the poetic novel Dziady and national epic Pan Tadeusz, which is considered the last great epic of Polish-Lithuanian noble culture. Mickiewicz's other influential works include Konrad Wallenrod and Grażyna. All served as inspiration during regional uprisings and as foundations for the concept of Poland as "the Christ of Nations."
Mickiewicz was active in the struggle to achieve independence for his homeland, then part of the Russian Empire. Having spent five years in internal exile in central Russia for political activities, he left the Empire in 1829 and spent the rest of his life in emigration, like many of his compatriots. He settled first in Rome, later in Paris, where he became professor of Slavic literature at the Collčge de France. He died, probably of cholera, at Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire, where he had gone to help organize Polish forces to fight against Russia in the Crimean War. His remains were later moved to Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, Poland.
The great Polish Romantic bard visited Śmiełów at the invitation of Hieronim Gorzeński (the then owner of the Palace) in August 1831.
The poet was trying to cross the border from Greater Poland (occupied by Prussia) to the Polish Kingdom (occupied by Russia), at that time in the midst of an insurgence. The stay in Greater Poland region was an important moment of Mickiewicz’s biography as a poet.
The ground floor of the Palace features and exhibit dedicated to Mickiewicz. Here one can see manuscripts, personal artefacts, and first editions of his works.
The exhibit on the first floor, composed of Biedermeier furniture and paintings made from the 17th till the 19th c., recreates an air of a mansion of landed gentry.
The palace windows overlook the hills of Szwajcaria Żerkowska. The adjacent park is full of truly romantic nooks, such as Zosia’s herbal garden (depicted in "Pan Tadeusz"). The “Mickiewicz oak” is commemorated here with a “tree monument” – a bench with the poet’s maxim spoken in this place.
September 17th, 2011, 05:50 PM
Adam Mickiewicz statue in Warsaw
Adam Mickiewicz statue in Kraków
September 17th, 2011, 07:51 PM
Tatra National Park - Orla Perć (Eagle's Path)
Orla Perć (English Eagle's Path) is a tourist path in the Tatra Mountains in southern Poland.
Thank you for posting the info and pics of stunning Tatra Mountains, DocentX.
I'd be happy to chip into this thread with a few more photos from the Tatra area. :)
September 17th, 2011, 08:00 PM
Tatra Mountains - view from Rusinowa Glade
by Mariusz Petelicki
September 17th, 2011, 08:12 PM
Tatra Mountains - view from Chochołowska Valley
by Mariusz Petelicki
September 17th, 2011, 08:19 PM
Tatra Mountains - Kościeliska Valley (at the entrance to Mylna Cave)
by Mariusz Petelicki
September 17th, 2011, 08:28 PM
Tatra Mountains - Morskie Oko Lake
September 17th, 2011, 08:32 PM
September 17th, 2011, 08:35 PM
Tatra Mountains - Czarny Staw Gąsienicowy (Black Pond)
by Mariusz Petelicki
September 17th, 2011, 08:41 PM
Tatra Mountains [cont.]
by Karol Majewski
Ok, that'll be all. Enjoy. :)
September 17th, 2011, 08:43 PM
Wilanów Royal Palace in Warsaw
Wilanów Palace is a royal palace located in the Wilanów district, Warsaw.
Wilanów Palace survived the time of Poland's partitions and both World Wars and has preserved its authentic historical qualities, also is one of the most important monuments of Polish culture.
The palace and park in Wilanów is not only a priceless testimony to the splendour of Poland in the past, but also a place for cultural events and concerts, including Summer Royal Concerts in the Rose Garden and the International Summer Old Music Academy. Since 2006, the palace is a member of the international association of European Royal Residences.
Wilanów Palace was built for the Polish king John III Sobieski in the last quarter of the 17th century and later was enlarged by other owners. It represents the characteristic type of baroque suburban residence built entre cour et jardin (between the entrance court and the garden). Its architecture is original - a merger of European art with old Polish building traditions.
Upon its elevations and in the palace interiors antique symbols glorify the Sobieski family, especially the military triumphs of the king.
John III Sobieski (17 August 1629 – 17 June 1696) was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Sobieski's 22-year-reign was marked by a period of the Commonwealth's stabilization, much needed after the turmoil of the Deluge and Khmelnytsky Uprising.
Popular among his subjects, he was great military commander, most famous for the victory over the Turks in the 1683 Battle of Vienna. Following his victories over the Ottoman Empire, he was called by the Turks the "Lion of Lechistan" and held as the saviour of European Christendom by the pope.
King John III Sobieski died in Wilanów, Poland on 17 June 1696. His wife, Maria Kasimira, died in 1716 in Blois, France, and her body was returned to Poland. They are interred together in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland.
September 17th, 2011, 09:21 PM
Jan III Sobieski monument in Warsaw
Jan III Sobieski monument in Gdańsk (originally erected in Lwów/Lviv)
September 18th, 2011, 04:59 AM
Excellent pictures and information as usual, DocentX. I love especially the pristine lakes and sea landscapes. Keep them coming!
September 18th, 2011, 07:43 AM
Excellent pictures and information as usual, DocentX. I love especially the pristine lakes and sea landscapes. Keep them coming!
Thank you :cheers:
September 18th, 2011, 07:58 AM
September 18th, 2011, 08:19 AM
Wielkopolski National Park
Wielkopolski National Park (Polish: Wielkopolski Park Narodowy) is a National Park within the Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) region of west-central Poland, approximately 15 km (9 mi) south of the regional capital, Poznań.
Together with the protective zone around it, it includes part of the Poznań Lakeland (Pojezierze Poznańskie) and parts of Poznań’s Warta Gorge (Poznański Przełom Warty).
Castle Island in Wielkopolski National Park
Ruins of a small castle built in 1827 by Tytus Działyński for his sister Klaudyna Potocka on the Island on Lake Góreckie.
September 18th, 2011, 08:31 AM
Zamoyski Palace is a large rococo and neoclassical palace complex located in Kozłówka in eastern Poland.
The original palace was built in the first half of 18th century for Michał Bieliński, voivode of Chełmno; its architect was Jozef II Fontana. It represents the characteristic type of baroque suburban residence built entre cour et jardin (between the entrance court and the garden).
Its architecture is original - a merger of European art with old Polish building traditions.
In 1799, the Palace was acquired by the aristocratic Zamoyski family. It currently hosts a Zamoyski family museum, while its stables are home to a small socrealism museum.
September 18th, 2011, 08:59 AM
Radzyń Podlaski palace
Radzyn Podlaski palace of the Potocki family built in the French rococo style (1750–1758).
Designed by Jakub Fontana.
It is considered as one of the finest examples of rococo palaces in Poland.
September 18th, 2011, 09:19 AM
Branickich palace in Białystok
Branicki Palace was developed on the site of an earlier building in the first half of the 18th century by Jan Klemens Branicki, a wealthy Polish hetman, into a residence suitable for a man whose ambition was to become king of Poland.
The palace complex with gardens, pavillons, sculptures, outbuildings and other structures and the city with churches, city hall and monastery, all built almost at the same time according to French models was the reason why the city was known in the 18th century as Versailles of Podlasie region.
September 18th, 2011, 02:58 PM
Great pics DocentX. You are on a posting binge lately, keep it coming if you can!
September 18th, 2011, 06:08 PM
Maciejowice - Tadeusz Kościuszko museum
Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (February 4, 1746 – October 15, 1817) a Polish noble was a Polish and American general and military leader during the Kościuszko Uprising. He is a national hero of Poland and the United States.
He led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising against Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Prussia.
In Maciejowice there is the only Museum in Poland dedicated to Tadeusz Kościuszko.
The Battle of Maciejowice was fought on October 10, 1794, between Poland and the Russian Empire.
The Poles were led by Tadeusz Kościuszko. Kościuszko with 6,200 men planned to prevent the linking of two larger Russian armies, 12,000 under Iwan Fersen and 12,500 under Alexander Suvorov. As he requested the support of Adam Poniński (who had 4,000 soldiers) too late, Poniński failed to arrive on the battlefield in time. The Russians were victorious, and Kosciuszko was wounded and then captured.
Before the Uprising in Poland, he was the first of a galaxy of foreign officers to receive a commission from the Continental Congress to serve in General Washington's army.
In the early days of the war, Kosciuszko helped to fortify the Philadelphia waterfront at Fort Mercer. Shortly after, he was transferred to New York, where he helped with fortifications along the Hudson and planned the defense for Saratoga. The Battle of Saratoga became known as one of military history's most famous struggles for independence and proved to be a turning point in the war.
In 1778, Kosciuszko was made chief engineer of West Point, New York. This fortification became known as the American Gibraltar because it was unable to be penetrated by the British Army. Eventually West Point became a military academy, as suggested by Kosciuszko to General George Washington.
Kosciuszko is buried in Wawel Castle, in Krakow, Poland, among the tombs of the Polish Kings.
Polish explorer Count Paweł Edmund Strzelecki named the highest mountain in Australia, Mount Kosciuszko.
The Battle of Racławice was one of the first battles of the Polish Kościuszko Uprising against Russia. It was fought on April 4, 1794 near the village of Racławice in Lesser Poland.
The relatively small and weak Polish forces led by Kościuszko, including 2,000 peasants armed with war scythes and pikes, defeated stronger Russian forces.
The outcome of the battle was a tactical Polish victory, with Kościuszko defeating the numerically inferior enemy.
After the battle, Kościuszko paraded in front of his troops in a sukmana, a traditional attire worn in Lesser Poland, in honour of the bravery of the peasants, whose charge ensured the quick capture of the Russian artillery. He also praised Wojciech Bartosz Głowacki, a peasant who was the first to capture the cannon.
Both the red cap worn by his soldiers and the home-made war scythes were later featured on the emblem of the 303rd Polish Fighter Squadron which took part in the Battle of Britain.
September 18th, 2011, 06:12 PM
Tadeusz Kościuszko monument in Warsaw
Tadeusz Kościuszko monument in Kraków
September 18th, 2011, 07:40 PM
September 18th, 2011, 08:24 PM
Modlin Fortress is one of the biggest 19th century fortresses in Poland. It is located the town of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki in district Modlin on the Narew river, some 50 kilometres north of Warsaw.
Strategic importance of the area limited by the Vistula, Bug, Wkra and Narew was known to various armies throughout the ages. However, it was not until 1656 that a permanent fortified position was built there by the Swedish armies during The Deluge.
After the Swedish defeat the fort was demolished in 1660 and the area remained unfortified for roughly 150 years.
After the Partitions of Poland the area was incorporated into the Russian Empire. Shortly afterward Jan Pieter van Suchtelen, a Dutch military engineer in Russian service prepared a construction plan for a mighty fortress in the area, named after the nearby town of Zakroczym. The fort was to be a bastion fortress, located approximately 1.5 km from the rivers and with several forts guarding the area from the west. However, the project was never accomplished as in 1806 the area became part of the Duchy of Warsaw, a rump Polish state created by and allied to Napoleon Bonaparte.
From the very beginning of French presence in Poland, Bonaparte's engineers started to fortify the border with Russia, expecting either a Russian offensive towards western Europe - or a future offensive of the French armies towards Petersburg and Moscow. In December 1806, while in Poznań, Napoleon ordered a fort to be built on two islands located at the confluence of the Narew and the Vistula. The fortification was to be temporary and was to become primarily a supply depot and a huge granary, serving as a supply center for the forces operating in Poland or Russia.
In 1810 the very concept of the fort was changed and Napoleon decided to turn Modlin into a pivotal fortress in his line of fortifications and expand it significantly by adding an outer rim of defenses.
Among the engineers to supervise the construction were also Gen. Ignacy Prądzyński, Gen. Prevo-Vernois and Lt. Col. Filip Mięciszewski. After the defeat of the Grande Armée at Moscow, the fortress was taken over by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw. On February 5, 1813 the Russian army of 36,000 soldiers arrived to the fortress and laid siege to it. The Polish forces under Dutch general Herman Willem Daendels defended the fortress until December 1, 1813. It was the last of the French fortresses along the Vistula to capitulate.
After the uprising the Russian rule over Congress Poland became more severe. The Modlin fortress was renamed Novogeorgievsk in 1834 and during the years 1832-1841 underwent a huge expansion, to host garrison troops who were tasked with preventing another Polish uprising, as well as defense of Russia's western frontiers.
The fortress with its 19 forts was one of the major fortifications in existence in Europe at the outbreak of World War I.
To capture Novogeorgievsk, the Germans transferred General Hans Beseler who had successfully laid siege to the Belgium city of Antwerp early in the war. In a stroke of luck, his forces captured the chief engineer of Novogeorgievsk on the first day. The siege lasted only a matter of days. When it fell, the Germans captured 1,600 guns and close to a million shells.
After the First World War Modlin became part of Poland and was modernized with modern bunkers, anti-tank and anti-aircraft equipment. Its main purpose was to provide cover for Warsaw from enemy attacks from the North.
Modlin fortress was the place of Battle of Modlin during the Invasion of Poland. It was one of the last Polish units to capitulate.
September 18th, 2011, 10:33 PM
September 18th, 2011, 10:43 PM
Wind farm, Puck County
September 18th, 2011, 11:04 PM
Is a mountain located in northern Poland, in the historical region of Kashubia, some 40 kilometers southwest of Gdansk. With elevation of 329 meters above sea level, it is the highest peak of central and northern Poland. Its top is covered by a forest, and the mountain was object of pagan cult of ancient Slavs. Wieżyca is a popular tourist area, with a ski lift and a ski slope.
September 19th, 2011, 02:01 AM
Słupsk County,Baltic coast,forest near the coast.
September 19th, 2011, 07:57 AM
September 19th, 2011, 11:45 AM
September 19th, 2011, 11:58 AM
Castle in Karpniki
Karpniki is a village 10 km south-east of Jelenia Góra.
It is the site of a 15th century castle, that has been rebuilt in a Neogothic style in 1844 according to plans of Friedrich August Stüler.
September 19th, 2011, 12:16 PM
Oak Manor in Karpniki
Nineteenth century mansion, secreted in the greens of a twelve hectare garden and located in the heart of Rudawski Park Krajobrazowy.
After a scrupulous refurbishment the Palace was open in December 2007. It is now an idyllic place for everyone who seeks peace and a bit of luxury.
Oak Manor was built in 1875 by a Berlin construction company, owned by two architects – Herman Ende and Wilhelm Böckman.
September 19th, 2011, 12:28 PM
this thread became so amazing with such a huge number of new stuff every day!!! well done to all and I can't wait for more!
September 19th, 2011, 12:38 PM
Chojnik Castle stand on top of the Chojnik hill (627 m (2,057 ft)) within the Karkonosze National Park, overlooking the Jelenia Góra valley.
The building of the fortress dates back to the times of the Silesian Dukes from Polish Piast dynasty. Today the semi-ruined stronghold is a major tourist attraction and houses a hotel and a restaurant.
The castle of Chojnik was originally erected by the order of Polish Piast Duke Bolko I the Strict in 1292 at the site of a former hunting lodge built by his father Bolesław II the Bald. The fortress was meant to protect the borders of Bolko's Duchy of Jawor against the menacing Wenceslaus II of Bohemia. Bolko's grandson Bolko II the Small, the last independent Piast duke, had the castle reconstructed starting from 1355.
After Bolko II had died without issue in 1368, his widow Agnes von Habsburg sold the castle to one of the courtiers, the knight Gotsche Schoff. Gotsche II Schoff modernized and expanded the castle in 1393. In the same year he donated the Gothic chapel, which was completed in 1403. The chapel devoted to Saint Catherine and Saint George featured artful paintings preserved until World War II. The castle survived the next centuries without damages. It withstood the attacks by the Hussites in 1426 and by King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, who after his campaign of 1469 destroyed many Silesian castles. In 1529 Ulrich I von Schaffgotsch expanded the building with two forecourts, depots and a pillory, and at the end of the 16th century Renaissance modifications were carried out.
During the Thirty Years' War Hans Ulrich von Schaffgotsch, Lord of Kynast - though a Protestant - after the 1620 Battle of White Mountain supported Emperor Ferdinand II and served as a general in the Imperial army under Albrecht von Wallenstein. After Wallenstein's persecution and assassination in 1634 Schaffgotsch as his liegeman was arrested, accused of high treason and executed one year later. Ferdinand II seized his property and had Kynast castle occupied by his troops, who resisted the attacks of the Swedish forces. Ferdinand III added new bastions to the castle in 1648 and finally restituted it to Christoph Leopold von Schaffgotsch, Hans Ulrich's son, in 1650. Still during the latter's lifetime, in 1675, the castle that has never been conquered burnt down completely after being struck by lightning and was not reconstructed.
September 19th, 2011, 12:51 PM
this thread became so amazing with such a huge number of new stuff every day!!! well done to all and I can't wait for more!
Thanks a lot :cheers: greetings from Warsaw :cheers1:
September 19th, 2011, 02:42 PM
Masovian Landscape Park - Holiday Inn hotel in Józefów
Masovian Landscape Park (Mazowiecki Park Krajobrazowy) is a protected area in east and south-east of Warsaw (some parts of the park are in fact in Warsaw) established in 1986, covering an area of 143.7 square kilometres.
Together with Kampinos National Park and Chojnów Landscape Park it creates 'green ring' around the capital city.
September 19th, 2011, 03:30 PM
Palace on the Water in Warsaw
The Łazienki Palace —in English, the Baths Palace; also called the Palace on the Water, or Water Palace, and the Palace on the Isle —is a Neoclassical palace in Warsaw's Royal Baths Park.
The building began as a bathhouse for Polish Noble Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski, owner of adjacent Ujazdów Castle. After 1678 the Lubomirski palace complex in Ujazdów, was enriched with four park pavilions: Arcadia, Hermitage, Frascati and the largest of them the Bathhouse.
The marble building was constructed before 1683 according to design by Tylman Gamerski. Finished in 1689, it was intended to serve as a bathhouse, habitable pavilion and a garden grotto. Interiors of the newly built structure were embellished with profuse stucco decorations, also designed by Gamerski. Among the decorations were water deities (like Nereus), surrounding the main decorational feature of the pavilion - the fountain. Other chambers had richly decorated plafonds and supraportes, while the walls were covered with Delft tiles.
The façades and interiors were decorated with sculptures, reliefs, Latin inscriptions (Musa Dryas, Nymphaeque boves et Pastor Apollo / Hic maneant, fugiat diva Minerva domus - Muse, dryad and nymphs, bullocks and Apollo the shepherd let stay here, the divine Minerva let disdain this house on the portal of the southern façade) and Lubomirski coat of arms - Szreniawa.
Stanisław August Poniatowski, last king of Poland, decided to convert it into private quarters, and it was remodeled by Domenico Merlini between 1764 to 1795. During World War II, the Germans looted the palace and drilled holes into the walls for explosives but never got around to blowing up the palace.
After the war the palace was renovated and now serves as a museum.
September 19th, 2011, 04:36 PM
Puławy - Czartoryskich Palace
In the second half of the 17th century the Lubomirski family founded its residence in Puławy. From 1702 the village was owned by the Sieniawski family and from 1731 it belonged to the Czartoryski family.
Duke Alexander Czartoryski made Puławy one of the most important political and cultural centers in the Polish Republic of that time.
In 1731 the conversion works started in the palace that was transformed from a semi-fortified villa into a representative rural mansion house. In 1785 it became the permanent residence of the son of Alexander, Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, a patron of the arts, a founder and a commandant of the Corps of Cadets in Warsaw, a member of the Commission of the National Education.
His wife, Izabela Czartoryska, nee Fleming, was considered one of the most enlightened Polish women at that time, who gathered a lot of writers, painters, architects and musicians around her. People who worked there were: Grzegorz Piramowicz, Franciszek Dionizy Kniazin, Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Jan Paweł Woronicz, Franciszek Zabłocki, Piotr Norblin, Szymon Bogumił Zug or Piotr Aigner, to mention but a few.
The years from 1782 to 1893 were the period of the greatest splendour of Puławy, which at that time was called “Polish Athens” or “The Athens of the North”.
During the Kościuszko Insurrection in 1794 the mansion house in Puławy was destroyed by the Russian army. The empress Catherine II punished the Czartoryski family for taking an active role in the political life and supporting the uprising by impounding their property and pulling down the palace.
As a result of the First Partition of Poland the Lublin land was incorporated to the Austrian Empire and Puławy was returned to the Czartoryski family.
In 1796 they came back to the town and the duchess Izabela began to reconstruct the whole estate complex.
The palace was enlargened and modernized and the park, previously arranged in the French style, was now converted into a fashionable English-style landscape park. Within the boundaries of the park new buildings were erected, designed by the court architect of the Czartoryski family, Piotr Aigner. These were: the Greek House (an orangery), Marynka’s Palace, Sybil’s Temple and a church built in the form of the Roman Pantheon.
At that time the duchess also started to collect Polish national memorabilia. On her initiative, in Sybil’s Temple, the first museum in Poland was established.
After the fall of the November Uprising in 1831 the Russian troops wrecked Puławy and the Czartoryski family was forced to emigrate. When the January Uprising broke out, duke Adam Jerzy Czartoryski headed the Provisional Government, for which he was punished after the fall of the uprising by having his family’s estate taken away.
In the first days of World War II the town situated on the communication route was air raided by the German air force and invaded by the troops.
Today palace hosts Agriculture Institute and partly serves (together with the park) as a museum.
September 20th, 2011, 11:21 AM
Baranów Sandomierski castle
Baranów Sandomerski Castle is a Mannerist castle located in Baranów Sandomierski in the Subcarpathian Voivodship, south-east Poland. The castle is one of the most important Mannerist structures in Poland.
Originally, a residency of the Lubomirski family, it nowadays serves as a museum, hotel and conference centre.
The castle was built around the years 1591–1606 for Rafał and Andrzej Leszczyński in the style of Polish Mannerism with richly decorated attics, side towers and arcade courtyard. It is believed to be the work of a famous architect, Santi Gucci, the court artist of king Stephen Báthory. In about 1620 the castle was surrounded by bastion fortifications and in 1625 the chambers were adorned with early baroque decorations executed by the eminent stucco decorator Giovanni Battista Falconi
September 20th, 2011, 04:51 PM
Łańcut Castle is one of the most beautiful aristocratic residences in Poland.
Łańcut Castle is a 17th-century palace in Łańcut, Poland. It now houses a museum. The castle is situated in the centre of the town and constructed in the style of a grand aristocratic palace-residence.
The site was originally occupied by castle built by Stanisław Lubomirski in 1629–42. The owner secured the services of architect Matteo Trapola and the stuccoist Giovanni Battista Falconi, in order to build a fortified residence.
In the second half of the 18th century, Izabela Lubomirska, née Czartoryski, converted the castle into the present palace complex. She extended it and had the interiors remodelled. Another reconstruction occurred in 1894–1903 in the style of French Neo-baroque.
During its history, it has been the home of the noble Polish Pilecki, Stadnicki, Lubomirski, and Potocki families. The palace is currently a museum particularly well known for its large collection of historic carriages. In the castle grounds there is a park with the little romantic castle, a coachhouse with a collection of carriages and a guest-house in the English style.
September 20th, 2011, 05:17 PM
Wisloujście Fortress in Gdańsk
The Tower of Wisłoujście - situated right by the port canal - guarded Gdansk from the sea. Until the 16th century it was directly on the coast. Later, the Westerplatte penninsula was formed, separating it from the sea. In days gone by, though, its walls were struck by sea waves and inside a fire burned to guide in ships to the port of Gdansk. So began its tradition as a lighthouse.
The monument is almost 500 years old and was built according to Dutch design. However its look is characterised by the influence of different architectural styles over the centuries.
The Tower of Wisłoujście is a unique example of a relatively well-preserved port defense structure from the first half of the 17th century, and has witnessed several key events in the history of Poland and Gdansk. It was stormed by King Stefan Batory, launched the fleet of King Zygmunt II to victory, and defended the legally chosen king Stanisław Leszczyński causing a certain amount of trouble for the Poles who, along with Napoleon, liberated Gdansk from the hands of the Prussians.
In the 19th century, the Prussians housed a prison in the dungeons of the Tower.
Currently closed to visitors due to renovation work. The Tower of Wisłouijście is due to open after a complete overhaul of Fort Carre and will be transformed into a museum and tourist area.
September 20th, 2011, 05:27 PM
September 20th, 2011, 06:39 PM
Wicie - Cliffs
September 20th, 2011, 07:40 PM
Nice stuff DocentX :)
September 20th, 2011, 08:48 PM
Gryżyna Landscape Park
Gryżyna Landscape Park (Gryżyński Park Krajobrazowy) is a protected area (Landscape Park) in western Poland, established in 1996, covering an area of 27.55 square kilometres (10.64 sq mi).
September 20th, 2011, 09:14 PM
September 21st, 2011, 12:51 AM
dude I don't know where are you get all those photos from but you are the master!!! my favourite thread ever!!! many thanks, all the best and what else can I say - crack on son:) keep going!
September 21st, 2011, 12:56 AM
Wolsztyn - steam locomotives
Wolsztyn is famous as the location of a locomotive roundhouse, which is the last place in Europe to supply steam locomotives for regular, timetabled train services on the national railway network.
As of 2011 these services run to Leszno and Zbąszynek. The site also includes a railway museum featuring restored locomotives.
An annual parade of locomotives takes place at the start of May – the 2007 event, which also celebrated the roundhouse's centenary, attracted 20,000 visitors.
September 21st, 2011, 08:03 AM
Wolsztyn - Leszno - last regular train connection in Europe using steam locomotives
September 21st, 2011, 05:13 PM
Warta river near Działoszyn
The Warta is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. With a length of approximately 808 kilometers it is the country's third longest river.
The Warta river basin was the original Poland - it is said that the Polans, (also known as Polanes, Polanians or Polians; Polish: Polanie) a West Slavic tribe, inhabited the Warta river basin from the 8th Century.
September 21st, 2011, 05:37 PM
September 21st, 2011, 06:09 PM
Licheń Basilica - one of the largest churches in the world
The Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń is a Roman Catholic church located in the village of Licheń Stary near Konin in the Greater Poland Voivodeship in Poland.
It was designed by Barbara Bielecka and built between 1994 and 2004. The construction was funded by pilgrims' donations.
With the nave 120 meters long and 77 meters wide, with a central dome 98 meters high, and with a tower 141.5 metres tall, it is Poland's largest church and one of the largest churches in the world. The church is dedicated to Our Lady of Sorrows, Queen of Poland whose icon, perhaps dating back to the 18th century, is displayed in the basilica's main altar. It is one of Poland's principal pilgrimage sites.
September 21st, 2011, 06:25 PM
September 21st, 2011, 07:32 PM
September 21st, 2011, 10:40 PM
Błędów Desert (Polish: Pustynia Błędowska) is an area of sands between Błędów (part of Dąbrowa Górnicza in Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union) and the village of Klucze in Poland.
The area lies mainly on the Silesian Highlands in the Silesian Voivodeship. Area 32 km˛.
The Bledowska Sands are the largest (in Central Europe) accumulation of loose sand away from any sea, deposited thousands of years ago by a melting glacier. The appearance of a desert landscape has been created since the Middle Ages, as an accidental effect of mining (zinc, silver, coal), but the specific geological structure has been of big importance - the average thickness of the sand layer is about 40 meters (maximum 70 meters), which made the fast and deep drainage very easy.
During the Second World War the area was used by the German Afrika Korps for training and testing equipment before deployment in Africa.
September 22nd, 2011, 01:05 AM
You can't imagine that this is Poland. Wow.
September 22nd, 2011, 01:11 AM
Sukiennice (Cloth Hall) museum of 19th Century Polish Art, Krakow.
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4088/4954174441_f3c301bd0b_b.jpg (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954174441/) _MG_1490 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954174441/) by krakowpost (http://www.flickr.com/people/krakowpost/), on Flickr
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4132/4954594956_b68dde1915_b.jpg (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954594956/) _MG_1371 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954594956/) by krakowpost (http://www.flickr.com/people/krakowpost/), on Flickr
September 22nd, 2011, 01:17 AM
Jan Matejko, the greatest Polish painter.
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4154/4954757312_67d77e2ab2_b.jpg (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954757312/) _MG_1479 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954757312/) by krakowpost (http://www.flickr.com/people/krakowpost/), on Flickr
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4111/4954632032_c1b15a2933_b.jpg (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954632032/) _MG_1401 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/krakowpost/4954632032/) by krakowpost (http://www.flickr.com/people/krakowpost/), on Flickr
September 22nd, 2011, 08:23 AM
Książ (German: Schloss Fürstenstein) is a castle in Silesia, Poland near the town of Wałbrzych.
It lies within a protected area called Książ Landscape Park.
It's the third largest castle in Poland after Malbork and Wawel.
The original fortification was destroyed in the year 1263 by Ottokar II of Bohemia.
Bolko I from Polish Piast dynasty, Duke of Świdnica and Jawor built a new castle between 1288 and 1292. Duke Bolko II of Świdnica died in 1368 without having children.
After her death in the year 1392 King Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia obtained the castle. In 1401 Janko z Chociemic obtained the castle. The Bohemian Hussites occupied the castle between 1428-1429. In the year 1464 Birka z Nasiedla obtained the castle from the Bohemian crown. He sold it to Hans von Schellendorf. This second castle was destroyed in 1482 by Georg von Stein.
In the year 1509 Konrad I von Hoberg (from 1714: Hochberg) obtained the castle hill. The Hochberg family owned the castle until 1941.
It was a part of the Project Riese until 1945. The castle was occupied by the Red army in 1945. The castle was devastated and looted by Soviets. From 1956 renovation of the castle started. Now part of the castle serves as a museum.
September 22nd, 2011, 10:20 AM
September 22nd, 2011, 11:00 AM
Książ castle - 'Riese' project
Riese (German for "giant") is the code name of the mining and construction project of Nazi Germany, started and unfinished in the Owl Mountains and Książ Castle in 1943-45.
It consists of seven complexes of the underground military facilities located in Lower Silesia, now territory of Poland.
In the presence of the increasing Allied air raids Nazi Germany moved a large part of its strategic armaments production into the assumed safety of the District of Sudetenland.
In September 1943 a project was created to construct Hitler's headquarters in Książ Castle and underground factories below the Owl Mountains. For this purpose the Schlesische Industriegemeinschaft AG (Silesian Industrial Company) was established in autumn 1943 with headquarters in Jedlina-Zdrój.
The plans included adaptation works in Książ Castle, the creation of the underground complex below the castle, the construction of tunnels and large underground halls at several locations in the Owl Mountains. The rocks of the mountains were drilled and blasted with explosives and the resulting caverns were reinforced by concrete and steel. Then a network of roads, a narrow gauge railway, water supply, sewerage, electricity and telephone lines were put into place.
For this purpose mining specialists were employed, mostly Germans, Italians, Ukrainians and Czechs but the majority of the work was done by forced labourers (chiefly Poles and Russians) and POWs (Italians and Russians). In November 1943 labour camps were established in Jedlinka, Głuszyca Górna, Walim and Kolce.
According to incomplete data at least 13,000 prisoners worked for the project, many of them transferred from Auschwitz concentration camp. They bored tunnels inside mountains, built roads and railway tracks, worked in the transportation of building materials. Mortality was very high because of disease, malnutrition, exhaustion, dangerous underground works and the treatment of prisoners by German guards. The estimated total number of 5,000 victims lost their lives.
Before the entry of the Red Army some underground structures were probably destroyed, or at least the tunnels leading to them were blown up. In the documents of the Third Reich there are records which allow an assessment of the quantity of materials used in the construction of Project Riese and the volume of the tunnels. On this basis it appears that about half of the underground corridors have not been found yet.
Together with the Red Army the Polish Army arrived in the area in May 1945. After the war the complexes were stripped of all machinery and raw materials within a few years. They were very valuable to a country ruined as a result of six years of war. Some German documents concerning Project Riese were found by the Polish Army and taken over by The Office of Security and never seen again.
It appears that the castle and its immediate surroundings were prepared as one of Hitler's main headquarters, although there is no direct evidence in documents. The purpose of the underground complexes in the mountains has not been determined. The opinions of experts incline towards the assumption that they were shelters for war production.
The works in Książ Castle led to the destruction of some chambers, in particular suffered the decorative elements of the ceilings and floors. The most serious work however took place below the castle. There are two levels of corridors and chambers. Most of the underground in Książ is reinforced by concrete.
Presently it contains seismological measuring equipment of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and the first level of the underground is open to visitors.
September 22nd, 2011, 11:10 AM
The Osówka underground city - 'Riese' project
The Osówka Nazi German Complex was the last, the main, the largest, the most complex of Hitler's headquarters constructed in Lower Silesia.
The underground Complex of Osówka is situated just over a kilometre north-east of the village of Kolce, and at the same distance north of the village of Sierpnica.
Construction work commenced there in the summer of 1943. In time, a massive system of concrete passageways, reinforcements and halls was constructed. The objective of the project was kept secret. Some claim it was to become a secret headquarter of Adolf Hitler. Others maintain that these were to become workshops for an underground armament factory, where a secret weapon was to be manufactured. Most of the work was performed by the prisoners of the Gross-Rosen concentration camp.
The over-ground part of the Osówka Complex makes for the outer infrastructure of the underground facilities. The level of completion of the work makes the site the leader in the ranking of the most completed over-ground facilities of the "Riese" (German for a giant) project in the Sowie Mountains.
The Osówka Complex is located within the administration boundaries of the town of Głuszyca, in the District of Wałbrzych. It is considered to be the most interesting and the largest complex of that kind in the Sowie Mountains.
The complex of Osówka is open to visitors.
September 22nd, 2011, 12:23 PM
The Owl Mountains (Polish: Góry Sowie; German: Eulengebirge; Czech: Soví hory) is a mountain range in the Central Sudetes in south-west Poland.
It runs between the historic Lower Silesian region and Kłodzko Land. The range includes a protected area called Owl Mountains Landscape Park.
The Owl Mountains cover an area of about 200 square kilometers and stretch over 26 kilometers.
The Owl Mountains are very diversified in terms of height. The highest peaks are Wielka Sowa ("Great Owl"; 1015 metres in altitude) and Kalenica (964 m) with its viewing tower. The remaining peaks reach the height from 600 to 980 metres above sea level. Except for the summit clearings and the mountain passes, the Owl Mountains represent the spruce-clad type of mountains. There may be also observed a rare occurrence of the beech and the yew.
The Owl Mountains are covered by a network of touist trails. The most attractive of these the red trail leading through all the highest peaks. The favourite tourist destinations of the Owl Mountains include: the Stone Tower on Wielka Sowa, the viewing tower on Kalenica, Grodno Castle in Zagórze Śląskie, the adit complexes of Project Riese near Walim, and the Mining Museum in Nowa Ruda.
September 22nd, 2011, 01:26 PM
Wolf's Lair (Wolfsschanze)
Wolf's Lair is the standard English name for Wolfsschanze, Adolf Hitler's first World War II Eastern Front military headquarters, one of several Führerhauptquartier (Führer Headquarters) or FHQs located in various parts of Europe.
The complex, which was built for Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union, was located in the Masurian woods, about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from the small East Prussian town of Rastenburg, now Kętrzyn in Poland.
The original bunker system was constructed by Organisation Todt, but the later planned enlargement was never finished; the expansion work was stopped only a few days before the Russian advance to Angerburg (now Węgorzewo), only 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away.
Hitler first arrived at the Wolf's Lair late on the night of 23 June 1941, and departed for the last time on 20 November 1944. Overall, he spent over 800 days there during that 3˝-year period.
The complex was blown up and abandoned on 25 January 1945, but many of the bunkers were so thick that their damaged walls and ceilings remain. The remains are located in Poland at the hamlet of Gierłoż (German: Forst Görlitz) near Kętrzyn.
The Wolf's Lair was the location of the July 20 plot to kill Hitler. During the period of reconstruction of the Führer Bunker in the summer of 1944, the daily strategy meetings were moved to the little building known as the Lager barrack, where staff officer Claus von Stauffenberg carried a bomb hidden in a briefcase into the meeting room and placed it just a few feet away from Hitler.
At 12:43 p.m. the bomb devastated the interior of the building but left Hitler only slightly injured. However, four others died from their wounds a few days later. The force of the blast was diminished because, due to a war injury to his hand, Stauffenberg was unable to arm both bombs in the briefcase; and a staff officer unknowingly moved the briefcase on the opposite side of a thick wooden table leg from where von Stauffenberg had placed it, probably saving Hitler's life.
It is believed that had the bomb exploded in the massive concrete Führer Bunker as originally intended, everyone in the structure including Hitler would have been killed.
The Red Army reached the nearby border of East Prussia in October 1944. Hitler departed on 20 November and two days later the order was given to destroy the complex. The actual demolition did not take place until the night of 24–25 January 1945. Many tons of explosives were required to do the job; one bunker required an estimated 8 tons of TNT. The Red Army took the site without a shot two days later, on 27 January. It took until 1955 to clear over 54,000 landmines which surrounded the installation.
Now the complex is opened to visitors.
September 22nd, 2011, 01:54 PM
The Masurian Canal
The Masurian Canal is a canal connecting the Lava River in Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia (a tributary of the Pregolya) and Lake Mamry, one of the Masurian Lakes in Poland. It was constructed between 1764 and 1776 under the auspices of Johann Friedrich Domhardt.
It was modernised on several occasions, most importantly in the decade preceding the Second World War. The canal served also as a defensive barrier between the Soviet and German armies.
September 22nd, 2011, 02:20 PM
The Great Masurian Lakes
The Great Masurian Lakes are located in the very heart of Mazury.
It's one of the most picturesque regions in Poland. It has been generously provided by nature with splendid forests intersected with rivers and streams which, in turn, bind numerous lakes together, forming one post-glacial trough, which stretches from the north to the south.
Due to artificially formed canals, Masurian lakes have been included in one common water system, which creates perfect conditions for sailing and relaxing in the lap of nature.
The Great Masurian Lakes have always had a special place in the heart of local people. Prussians, for instance, greatly appreciated the location of the region as they were engaged in fishing. Teutonic knights, in turn, had their own fishing fleet in the port of Ryn. In 1379 the Great Commander Winrich von Kniprode set off on a ship from Ryn along the Pisa, the Narew and the Vistula rivers and got to Malbork.
It was as early as in those times that the first projects of building a system of canals appeared.
The process of building canals liking the local lakes was first initiated between 1765 – 1772. The hydrotechnic works, however, were not continued until mid 19th century. It was then that the Jegliński Canal was created, making the water way from Pisz to Ryn shorter and easier. The history of navigation over Masurian lakes is abundant in intriguing pieces of information. The first steam ship Masovia appeared on the Masurian lakes route in 1854.
The difference in the water level among lakes is overcome due to three sluices.
The land of the Great Masurian Lakes is also famous for some impressive geographical records, for instance two biggest lakes in Poland - Śniardwy (113,8 km2) and Mamry (104 km2). The deepest lake of the region is Tałty (51 m deep). What is also worth mentioning is the unusual sport discipline which has been practised here for 100 years now – ice sailing.
All the major lakes are linked with canals. This kind of network makes up what has come to be known as the Great Masurian Lakes.
September 22nd, 2011, 02:33 PM
The Great Masurian Lakes - Mikołajki
September 22nd, 2011, 05:59 PM
Międzyrzecz Fortified Region
The Międzyrzecz Fortification Region (German: 'Ostwall or Festungsfront im Oder-Warthe Bogen', Polish: Międzyrzecki Rejon Umocniony) is a fortified military defence line in Western Poland, between Oder and Warta rivers.
Built in 1934-1938, it was the most technologically advanced fortification system of Nazi Germany, and remains one of the largest and the most interesting systems of this type in the world today.
It consists of around 100 concrete defence structures partially interconnected by a network of underground tunnels. Some of the forts and tunnels are available for visiting.
The most interesting part is the central section, which begins in the south with the so-called Boryszyn Loop near the village of Boryszyn and extends about 12 km to the north.
In the central section the bunkers are interconnected with an underground system of tunnels, 32 kilometres long and up to 40 metres deep. In the underground system there are also railway stations, work shops, engine rooms and barracks.
It is also the largest European underground bats refuge, giving shelter to some 32,000 bats of 12 species in the wintertime.
When the Soviet army reached the defence line in the course of the Vistula–Oder Offensive in January, 1945, its advance was so rapid that the Germans did not have enough time to man the line adequately. It took only 3 days for it to be broken.
September 22nd, 2011, 08:03 PM
Very cool stuff DocentX!
September 23rd, 2011, 08:40 AM
Żyrardów is a town in central Poland with 41,400 inhabitants (2006).
Founded by the Łubienski brothers as a textile factory in 1833. One of directors of the factory was French inventor Philippe de Girard (from Lourmarin).
The town developed during the 19th century into a significant textile mill city in Poland. In honour of Girard, Ruda Guzowska was renamed to Żyrardów, a toponym derived of the polonised spelling of Girard's name.
Most of Żyrardów's monuments are placed in manufacturing's settlement which is from 19th and 20th's century beginning. It's widely believed that Żyrardów's settlement is single saved in Europe as a whole urbanist complex from 19th c. industrial town.
September 23rd, 2011, 08:49 AM
Żyrardów - lofts
September 23rd, 2011, 09:06 AM
Łódź - White Factory
The White Factory, presently the seat of the Central Museum of Textiles, erected in the years 1835-1886 by the family of Ludwig Geyer, immigrant from Saxony, is the example of magnificent industrial architecture.
The four-wing mill with the building of the Old Boiler House in the middle of a big courtyard, with a high chimney, two dust towers and two water-towers is a unique solution of industrial architecture, unobserved in other mills.
In 2006-2008, thanks to the European and Municipal funds, investment was carried, which gave the museum additional surface of 4 110 square meters in the eastern wing (the whole museum has 16 000 square meters), open-air museum, overhauled back elevations, inside courtyard (1 730 square meters), “cast-iron” courtyard (1 132 square meters), overhauled building adjoining the mill baths (1907; 207 square meters, which is intended for a café).
The last wing included into the museum – the eastern one – houses magnificent exhibition spaces, reading room, technical facilities, hall with working weaving and knitting machines. Apart from exhibitions symposia and concerts are organized here, fashion shows and even wedding ceremonies.
September 23rd, 2011, 09:21 AM
Łódź - Poznański factory
Izrael Kalmanowicz Poznański (b. 1833 in Aleksandrów; d. 1900 in Łódź, Poland) was a textile magnate and philanthropist in Łódź
In 1871, Izrael Kalmanowicz Poznański, bought a plot along Ogrodowa Street, on which he built a weaving factory equipped with 200 mechanical steam driven looms. After 10 years, the rapidly developing factories already had 1560 looms and their turnover was worth 4.3 million roubles.
In 1877, a large spinning factory was established which was a showcase of the plants. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in industrial Łódź. A five-storey unplastered brick edifice rises over the palace of Izrael K. Poznański in 17 Ogrodowa Street. Today it houses a hotel.
The whole complex along with the railway side track and warehouses occupied 30 ha.
At that time it was one of the largest textile plants in Europe.
At present the entire beautifully renovated complex houses hotel, museum and shopping center.
September 23rd, 2011, 10:15 AM
Łódź - lofts in Scheibler's factory
Karl Wilhelm Scheibler (1 September 1820 – 13 April 1881) was a German - Polish industrialist.
In 1852 Scheibler and his partner Julius Schwartz bought a plot at Łódź and started to build a machinery factory. In October 1854 Schwartz sold his share to Scheibler for 10,000 Ruble, making him the sole-owner of the factory.
In 1855, Scheibler founded a spinning mill with 34 frames and a steam engine of 40 horsepower. In 1857, Scheibler employed 180 labourers and earned a turnover of 305.100 Ruble in 1860. Scheibler made large profits after cotton prices in Europe increased because of the American Civil War and sold his stock at triple the price, he became known as the "King of the Cotton and Linen Empires of Łódź". In 1870 1,911 employees worked in his factory, which was the third largest (9.3 percent) cotton producer of Poland.
Scheibler's factory continued to prosper and he bought several smaller mills in the districts of Źarki and Księży Młyn. After a fire destroyed the factory at Księży Młyn in 1874, Scheibler rebuilt it with 88.000 spindles and built his own "Kingdom" of Księży Młyn with houses for 321 families, a fire station, schools, shops and a hospital.
Lofts in Scheibler's factory was the first such a revitalization project in Poland, which aimed in conversion of the 19th century Karol Scheibler’s spinning-mill into modern apartments in the postindustrial style. The characteristic elements of the building are walls made of red brick and big windows as well as cast-iron pillars and marble finishing of the interiors.
September 23rd, 2011, 10:27 AM
Łódź - The Poznanski Palace
The Poznanski Palace has been listed as one of the largest and greatest residence of its type.
The history of the palace is rather short but very intensive. It started back to 1898. The effort of many architects, designers and artists resulted in the present shape of the building, which is much more decorative and comfortable than others in Lodz.
The palace is functionally connected with a huge cotton production plant, a housing estate for workers and other accompanying buildings. In 1888 Poznanski commissioned a well-known architect Hilary Majewski to alter and enlarge the house. The front wall on Zachodnia Street was extended, the whole building acquired an " L" shape, and neo-renaissance forms were enriched with a winter garden located in the central part of a longer wing on the third floor.
The palace was divided into three parts: representative part; dining room, ballroom and small salons: a living part with family and guest rooms and a commercial part on ground floor, which was assigned for offices, working rooms, shops and store rooms. The palace was again extended in 1898, when architects E. Rosenthal, J. Jung and A. Zeligson transformed it into a real residence. The work was finished in 1903, but the initiator of the reconstruction and the founder of the company did not survive to see, it finished, as they died in April 1900.
The First World War brought huge losses to industry in Lodz and the family was forced to sell the Palace. It became the centre of the Regional Administration in 1927. Between the Wars it came to be the seat of local administration offices.
During the Second World War the seat of German local administration had their offices there.
Now the palace hosts The Museum of Lodz.
September 23rd, 2011, 11:22 AM
Gliwice - 'Zwycięstwa' (Victory) street
September 23rd, 2011, 11:25 AM
Gliwice - lofts
September 23rd, 2011, 05:57 PM
Maria Skłodowska-Curie house in Warsaw
Maria Skłodowska-Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) is the most famous female scientists to date.
She was a Polish physicist–chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity.
She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes—in physics and chemistry. She was the first female professor at the University of Paris. She was the first woman to be entombed on her own merits (in 1995) in the Paris Panthéon.
Maria Skłodowska was born in Warsaw (and lived there to age twenty-four), on 7 November 1867, the fifth and youngest child of well-known teachers Bronisława and Władysław Skłodowski.
In 1891 she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work. She shared her Nobel Prize in Physics (1903) with her husband Pierre Curie (and with Henri Becquerel). Her daughter Irčne Joliot-Curie and son-in-law, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, would similarly share a Nobel Prize.
She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Sklodowska-Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, and is the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences.
Her achievements include a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Polonium was discovered by Maria Skłodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre Curie in 1898 and was later named after Maria Curie's native land of Poland.
Under her direction, the world's first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. She founded the Curie Institutes: the Curie Institute (Paris) and the Curie Institute (Warsaw).
While an actively loyal French citizen, Skłodowska–Curie (as she styled herself) never lost her sense of Polish identity. She taught her daughters the Polish language and took them on visits to Poland. During World War I she became a member of the Committee for a Free Poland.
Skłodowska–Curie visited Poland for the last time in the spring of 1934. Only a few months later, on 4 July 1934, Skłodowska-Curie died at the Sancellemoz Sanatorium in Passy, in Haute-Savoie, eastern France, from aplastic anemia contracted from exposure to radiation.
Because of their levels of radioactivity, her papers from the 1890s are considered too dangerous to handle. Even her cookbook is highly radioactive. They are kept in lead-lined boxes, and those who wish to consult them must wear protective clothing.
Her elder daughter, Irčne Joliot-Curie, won a Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935.
In 1967, a museum devoted to Skłodowska–Curie was established in Warsaw's "New Town", in her birthplace on ulica Freta (Freta Street).
The year 2011 has been declared the Year of Maria Curie by France and Poland.
Maria Sklodowska-Curie house in Warsaw (museum)
Mural in Warsaw
September 23rd, 2011, 06:39 PM
Nowy Wiśnicz castle
An interesting combination of Gothic, Renaissance and baroque styles, the castle of Nowy Wisnicz used to be the residence of the magnate Kmita and Lubomirski families, well-rooted in the region of Malopolska.
The castle combines features of defensive and residential architecture with picturesque landscape.
Today the exhibition arranged in the castle interiors shows its history. One can see the sarcophagus of Stanislaw Lubomirski, copper and brass utensils, and miniature models of residences from the Malopolska region.
September 24th, 2011, 12:46 AM
September 24th, 2011, 01:04 AM
So many beautiful places, keep the pics coming please.
September 24th, 2011, 09:38 AM
So many beautiful places, keep the pics coming please.
Thank you - Poland due to its history has a rich heritage.
September 24th, 2011, 10:10 AM
September 24th, 2011, 10:51 AM
Kraków - Grunwald battle monument
The Battle of Grunwald or Battle of Tannenberg was fought on 15 July 1410, during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.
The battle was one of the largest battles in Medieval Europe and is regarded as one of the most important victory in the history of Poland and Lithuania.
On July 15, 1910, the 500th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald, the City of Krakow saw the unveiling of what was originally named the King Jagiełło monument, but came to be universally known as the Grunwald monument.
The monument was a gift to the City and the Nation from Ignacy Jan Paderewski, the world renown pianist. Guided by patriotic impulse, he had commissioned the 60 feet tall monument, entirely at his own expense, from Polish sculptor Antoni Wiwulski, then resident in Paris.
The monument's monumental architectural plinth is surmounted by an equestrian bronze statue of King Jagiełło. It faces the Barbican, a medieval fortification, and the Florian Gate behind it. Other bronze figures adorn the sides of the monument: at the front is that of Grand Duke Witold of Lithuania and below him the figure of the fallen Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Ulrich von Jungingen; on the plinth's left side a group of Lithuanian warriors and on its right side, a group of Polish warriors. At the back of the monument stands one more figure, that of a peasant breaking his bonds.
After September 1939, having occupied Poland, the Germans could not countenance the continued existence of the monument, both as a symbol of Polish national pride and a painful reminder to the Germans of a stunning defeat. By November, the Germans had surrounded the monument with a palisade of wooden planks hiding it from view. Demolition activities lasted till April 1940, the bronze being conveyed to foundries to be utilized for war equipment, the granite blocks being conveyed to distant sites. Poles made to work on the demolition managed to hide and save King Jagiello's scepter and sword, the coats of arms of Poland, Lithuania and Żmudź (entity corresponding approximately to the current territory of Lithuania), and the head of Grand Duke Witold.
It wasn't until 1972 that the reconstruction project got underway. The job was entrusted to sculptor Marian Konieczny,
September 24th, 2011, 11:01 AM
what a beautiful country :cheers:
September 24th, 2011, 11:13 AM
Gdańsk - Neptune's Fountain
Neptune's Fountain, in the center of Dlugi Targ (the Long Market) has grown to be one of Gdansk's most recognizable symbols.
The bronze statue of the Roman god of the sea was first erected in 1549, before being aptly made into a fountain in 1633.
Dismantled and hidden during World War II, old Neptune didn't come out of hiding until 1954 when he was restored to his rightful place in the heart of the city, reminding us of Gdansk's relationship to the sea.
Polish Eagle on the fountain's gate - symbolizes Gdansk's prosperity within Polish borders
September 24th, 2011, 12:09 PM
Gdańsk - royal statue
The Polish king Zygmunt August figure was placed on the city hall's tower in the 16th century. During the war in 1945, it was knocked down and smashed. Five years later, the figure was reconstructed and put back on the rebuilt tower.
Some parts of the figure are original and some were reconstructed.
The statue is covered with gold.
This figure has been used as a weather vane since the 16th century.
The original metal figure of Polish king Zymunt II August was fitted on Gdansk City Market Square in 1561. This was the first royal monument in the Polish Commonwealth and was designed by Dirk Daniels from the Netherlands and was made by Agacy Grabow and Johann Clus.
The statue is just over two metres tall (without the crown on his head, the figure is 1.8 m tall).
What is characteristic is that the king has no shoes on this sculpture. Historians believe this may have been a joke by the 16th century designer.
Recently the statue was renovated.
Statue now - after the renovation, at the top of the city hall
Statue taken down - before the renovation - note the king king has no shoes
September 25th, 2011, 08:34 AM
Sigismund's Column in Warsaw
Sigismund's Column (Polish: kolumna Zygmunta III Wazy), erected in 1644, is located in Castle Square, Warsaw, Poland. It is one of Warsaw's most famous landmarks and one of the oldest secular monuments in northern Europe (and the oldest in Poland, not including king's statue in Gdansk).
The column and statue commemorate Polish King from Swedish dynasty Sigismund III Vasa, who in 1596 had moved Poland's capital from Kraków to Warsaw.
On the Corinthian column (which used to be of red marble), 8.5 m high, a sculpture of the King, 2.75-metres high, in archaistic armour is placed. Sigismund's Column now stands at 22 metres and is adorned by four eagles. The king is dressed in armor and carries a cross in one hand and wields a sword in the other.
Erected between 1643 and 1644, the column was constructed on the orders of Sigismund's son and successor, Polish King Władysław IV Vasa.
It was designed by the Italian-born architect Constantino Tencalla and the sculptor Clemente Molli, and cast by Daniel Tym. The Zygmunt's Column was modelled on the Italian columns in front of Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (erected in 1614 to designs of Carlo Maderno), and the Column of Phocas in Rome (Władysław Vasa seen both of them during his visit to Rome in 1625).
The marble column itself was renovated several times in the next few centuries, most notably in 1743, 1810, 1821 and 1828. In 1854 the monument was surrounded with a fountain featuring marble tritons sculpted by the German, August Kiss.
In 1863 the column was renovated somewhat again, but still needed work, and between 1885 and 1887 it was replaced with a new column of granite. Between 1927 and 1930, the monument was again renovated, and was restored to its original appearance when the fountain and the fence around it were removed.
On 1 September 1944, during the Warsaw Uprising, the monument was demolished by the Germans, and its bronze statue was badly damaged.
After the war the statue was repaired, and in 1949 it was set up on a new column, made of granite from the Strzegom mine, a couple of metres from the original site. The original broken pieces of the column can still be seen lying next to the Royal Castle.
September 25th, 2011, 11:26 AM
Poznań and Gniezno - first rulers of Poland
Poznań cathedral - monument of Mieszko I and Boleslaw Chrobry (the Brave) in 'Golden Chapel'
The Golden Chapel is located on the axis of the cathedral. When it was resolved to build a mausoleum of Poland’s first rulers on the initiative of Bp. Teofil Wolicki, Poles from all three partitions contributed.
Italian architect Franciszek Maria Lanci designed the chapel in the Byzantine style and Count Edward Raczyński supervised the work. Much of the walls and ceiling is gilded. God the Father (Pantocrator) is depicted on the cupola in the company of Polish saints and blessed people using the encaustic technique (painting with molten beeswax), above the coats of arms of Poland’s first bishoprics and knightly families.
There are two mosaics by Liborio Salandri in the chapel. The first is on the floor while the second, which depicts Titian’s Assumption of the Virgin, is in the altar. The most important element is the sandstone sarcophagus containing the rulers’ remains in the niche on the right.
The painting Boleslaus the Brave and Otto III at the Grave of St. Wojciech hangs over the sarcophagus while Mieczysław I Destroys the Idols is on the opposite side.
There is a bronze monument to Mieszko I and Boleslaus the Brave by Berlin artist Christian Rauch in the niche below. Edward Raczyński covered the costs of its construction but his requirement that a foundational inscription be placed on the plinth sparked envy and protests. Raczyński could not endure the accusations levelled at him and so had the inscription removed. He committed suicide by shooting himself on an island in Zaniemyśl in January 1845.
Gniezno - monument of Boleslaw Chrobry (the Brave)
Bolesław Chrobry, the first king of Poland, was crowned in Gniezno cathedral in 1025.
September 25th, 2011, 12:33 PM
September 25th, 2011, 12:39 PM
Stara Wieś palace
September 25th, 2011, 12:45 PM
Kraków - Old Town Square
September 25th, 2011, 12:58 PM
Lublin - the Old Town
September 25th, 2011, 01:01 PM
Lublin - the Old Town
September 25th, 2011, 01:08 PM
September 25th, 2011, 01:18 PM
September 25th, 2011, 06:24 PM
September 25th, 2011, 06:48 PM
September 25th, 2011, 08:42 PM
September 25th, 2011, 08:55 PM
DocentX great job!!!
September 25th, 2011, 08:58 PM
DocentX great job!!!
Yeah, he's on fire lately. :cheers:
September 25th, 2011, 11:47 PM
Niedzica castle - lost Inca treasure
Niedzica Castle also known as Dunajec Castle is located in the southernmost part of Poland in Niedzica.
It was erected between the years 1320 and 1326 by Kokos of Brezovica on the site of an ancient stronghold surrounded by earthen walls in the Pieniny mountains. The Niedzica Castle stands at an altitude of 566 m, on a hill 300 m upstream from the Dunajec River mouth, measured from the center of the dam on Czorsztyn Lake.
The outline of Niedzica Castle can best be viewed from the ruins of Czorsztyn Castle on the other side of the lake. It is known as one of the most picturesque castles in the country.
The castle was an important centre of Polish-Hungarian relations since the 14th century. It was a place where the money lent by the Polish king to the Hungarian king Sigismund had to be returned following an agreement signed in 1412. The loan was not paid back, and Poland was given 16 Spiš towns instead.
For centuries the castle was a border-post with Hungary. At the time of the Turkish invasion five hundred years ago, a deal was struck at Niedzica to make it a Polish protectorate.
The last Hungarian inhabitants remained there until in 1943 when the coming of the front in World War II inspired the Salamon family to abandon it. The last countess left with her children two years before the Red Army marched in.
The final reconstruction of the castle was completed in 1963 under the supervision of the Polish Ministry of Culture. It has served as a historical museum ever since.
In the post-World War II period Polish newspapers wrote at length about Sebastián Berzeviczy (one of Niedzica's owners) who traveled to the New World in the 18th century. According to some sources he fell in love with the alleged Inca princess. Their daughter Umina married the nephew of an Inca insurrection leader Túpac Amaru II, whose assumed name implied descent from Inca kings.
Túpac Amaru was eventually executed by the Spaniards after rebelling against the colonial government. The legend goes on to claim that the sacred scrolls of the Incas had been handed down to his surviving family members. His nephew, Andrés Túpac Amaru a.k.a. Andreas with wife Umina and his father-in-law Sebastián Berzeviczy fled to Italy, where Andrés was killed in suspicious circumstances.
Consequently, Umina with son and her father fled to Niedzica and settled at the castle. Sources claim that Umina was assassinated there some time later.
Her testament to son Anton, written in 1797 and stored there, allegedly contained information about the lost treasure of the Incas. There was a leaden case found at the castle with some “quipu” writings, but it was lost in Kraków in the following years. Later, news appeared about expeditions searching for fantastic treasures at Lake Titicaca in Peru.
The notion that the Inca treasure map could be hidden somewhere in the depths of the castle is still cherished today.
September 26th, 2011, 09:13 AM
Pieniny National Park
Pieniny National Park (Polish: Pieniński Park Narodowy) is a protected area in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, southern Poland, in the heart of the Pieniny Mountains.
Pieniny National Park is located in the most southern part of Poland, on the border with Slovakia. The Pieniny mountain range is divided into three parts: Pieniny Spiskie, Małe Pieniny and Pieniny Właściwe (in where is the park). The Park’s area is 23.46 square kilometres.
The Park has its head office in Krościenko nad Dunajcem. On the Slovak side of the mountains there is a park named Pieninský národný park.
The Pieniny mountains are mainly built from limestone and they create picturesque and impressive, almost perpendicular walls which go down towards the Dunajec River. The most famous summit - Trzy Korony (Three Crowns) is 982 meters above sea level high, however Pieniny’s highest mountain - Wysokie Skałki - is 1050 meters above sea level and is not located on the Park’s area.
Pieniny National Park is located in the Dunajec river basin, and the river occupies important position among factors that influence Pieniny’s look. There are numerous birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians as well as mammals. The most important predator is the lynx. On the shores of the Dunajec the otter thrives.
First permanent human settlements in the Pieniny mountains date back to 1257, when Polish princess Kinga was given nearby lands. In 1280 the princess founded a monastery at Stary Sącz, later the Czorsztyn castle was built.
There are tourist walking trails in the park, from such peaks as Sokolica and Trzy Korony one can have excellent view on the Pieniny and the Tatra mountains as well as the Dunajec. The Park’s main attraction is a river trip on wooden boats, very popular among all tourists.
September 26th, 2011, 09:22 AM
Pieniny National Park - Dunajec river
September 26th, 2011, 11:09 AM
September 26th, 2011, 04:48 PM
Wooden architecture in Opole region
September 26th, 2011, 08:47 PM
September 27th, 2011, 12:29 AM
Supraśl - orthodox church
September 27th, 2011, 09:05 AM
Białystok - orthodox churches
September 27th, 2011, 11:44 AM
September 27th, 2011, 11:54 AM
Castle in Pszczyna (Polish: Zamek pszczyński) is a classical-style palace in Pszczyna. Constructed as a castle in 13th century or earlier, in a gothic style, it was rebuilt in renaissance style in 17th century, in baroque in 18th century and classicist in 19th century; the classicist modernization transformed the castle into what is usually described a palace.
In its history the castle was a residence of local Piasts dynasty members, then Promnitz family (mid 16th to mid 18th centuries) and later, von Pless family. The castle was owned by the government since 1936. Since 1946 it is a site of the Muzeum Zamkowe (Castle Museum).
Early in the 12th century, Pszczyna was a stronghold of the Piasts. The city belonged to Lesser Poland (Malopolska) until 1177, when it became part of the Duchy of Racibórz.
From this time on, it also was part of the Krakow bishopric. In 1548, the palace was sold to the Promnitz family and given a Renaissance appearance, which it lost after a fire. It was consequently rebuilt in a more baroque style. In 1848 the Duchy of Pszczyna became a Principality, ruled by the Hochberg-Fürstenstein family until 1939.
Between 1870 and 1876, reconstruction were carried out by the French architect Gabriel-Hippolyte Destailleur.
During the First World War, the palace was resided in by William II, German Emperor and there are pictures on display of him together with Erich Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg discussing war operations.
After the Second World War for a brief period there was a Soviet military hospital in the palace, but on May 9, 1946 it was turned into a museum.
September 27th, 2011, 04:29 PM
September 27th, 2011, 04:47 PM
Żywiec is a town in south-central Poland with 32,242 inhabitants.
Żywiec Brewery is a brewery founded in 1852, in Żywiec, Poland, then part of Austria-Hungary.
Żywiec beer is a Polish medium-light bodied pilsner beer that is the most popular in Poland and gaining popularity all over the world.
Żywiec beer spread all over the world when Polish residents traveled and immigrated to other countries and brought Żywiec beer along with them. It spread to such countries as France and Great Britain mostly due to WWII. Żywiec is by far the most popular beer in Poland, and has had good success in other countries and continents, and is quite popular in heavily Polish populated cities in the United States such as Chicago and Buffalo, NY.
In the 1990s, the brewery was acquired by Heineken International and was also thoroughly modernized. It is currently considered to be one of the most modern breweries in the world.
The Żywiec logo includes all of the most important historical symbols of the brewery and Poland itself. Żywiec Beer’s prominent front label displays a dancing man and woman. This dancing couple is dressed in classic Krakow dancing clothes. Krakow’s coat of arms is represented with the crown in the middle of the couple. The coat of arms is also represented by the three Spruce trees displayed on the bottom of the label and the year 1856 on top underneath the crown. The name Żywiec is placed on the red sash across the middle of the label with the golden trimming. The Żywiec logo is the most famous mark and brand of beer in Poland and the trademark of the entire brewery.
Żywiec Pilsner beer is a light pilsner beer that is 5.6% ABV. It is made as naturally as possible using Poland’s mountain spring water. The taste is quite unique, yet simple.
September 27th, 2011, 07:42 PM
Golejewko is a village situated in province wielkopolskie in a district of some 10 km from Rawicz and some 50 km on a southeast from Leszno, near the track Poznań-Wrocław.
Golejewko was a site known as early as in the Middle Ages. In those times, a Polish stronghold called Czestram was located here. The papal bull issued by Innocent II for Gniezno archbishop in 1136 mentioned Czestram Chojno – Golejewko. It was one of the oldest forts inWielkopolska with permanent military garrison.
The oldest owner of Czestram was Choińscy (crest Habdank). Next Golejewko was owned by Rogaliński, Bronikowski, then it belonged to a German baron Gendorf who sold it in the first middle of XIX century to Marceli Count Czarnecki. In 1848 he built a palace on themedieval foundations, as a wedding gift to his son. Horse stud was established by then owner of the property Count Janusz Czarnecki in 1921.
Since interwar period Golejewko is leading and one of the biggest full english blood horses stud in Poland.
September 27th, 2011, 07:47 PM
September 27th, 2011, 08:46 PM
September 28th, 2011, 08:43 AM
September 28th, 2011, 12:38 PM
There are hundreds of lakes in Drawskie Lakeland.
Drawsko Lake is the biggest (1872 hectares) and the deepest (83 meters) lake of the Drawsko Lakeland. It is the second deepest lake in Poland. Its shoreline is very irregular and in total it is 76 kilometers long. The lake has many bays and a few peninsulas.
There are 14 islands on the lake. Its attractiveness is raised by the cliff shores, which in many sections are up to 40 meters high above the water surface. The famous canoeing route on Drawa River also starts here. In the depths of the lake's water it is possible to find a relic crustacean.
September 28th, 2011, 12:39 PM
September 28th, 2011, 01:42 PM
Pieskowa Skała castle
Pieskowa Skała (Pieskowa Rock), is a limestone cliff in the valley of river Prądnik, Poland, best known for its Renaissance castle.
It is located within the boundaries of the Ojców National Park, 27 km north of Kraków, near the village of Sułoszowa. The castle was first mentioned before 1315 as "castrum Peskenstein" in Latin documents of Polish king Władysław I the Elbow-high (Władysław Łokietek).
Pieskowa Skała castle, built by Polish King Kazimierz Wielki, is one of the best-known examples of a defensive Polish Renaissance architecture. It was erected in the first half of the 14th century as part of the chain of fortified castles called Orle Gniazda (Eagles Nests), along the highland plane of the Polish Jura.
The castle was renovated and donated in 1377 by king Louis I of Hungary to Piotr Szafraniec of Łuczyce, according to a more modern interpretation by the 15th century chronicler Jan Długosz, but the family gained the full ownership rights of the castle only in 1422 from King Władysław Jagiełło in recognition of the faithful service at the Battle of Grunwald by Piotr Szafraniec, the chamberlain of Kraków.
The castle was rebuilt during 1542-1544 by Niccolň Castiglione with participation from Gabriel Słoński of Kraków. The sponsor of the castle's reconstruction in the mannerist style was the calvinist, Stanisław Szafraniec, voivode of Sandomierz. At that time the original medieval tower was transformed into a scenic double loggia decorated in the sgraffito technique.
Between 1557-1578, the trapezoid shape courtyard was surrounded at the level of two upper storeys by arcades, embellished with 21 mascarons. The arcade risalit above the gate is a 17th century addition.
The last owner of the castle of Szafraniec family was Jędrzej, Stanisław's son, who died childless in 1608. After his death the estate was purchased by Maciej Łubnicki and later by the Zebrzydowski family. In 1640 Michał Zebrzydowski built the bastion fortifications with baroque gate and a chapel.
The castle changed hands many times over the centuries. In 1903 it was bought by the Pieskowa Skała Society led by Adolf Dygasiński and with time turned over to the Polish state and meticulously restored - now it's a museum.
September 28th, 2011, 06:22 PM
rather unconventional two photos of Katowice
it is in north downtown:
September 28th, 2011, 07:27 PM
^^ wtf :dunno::nuts::lol::lol::lol:
September 28th, 2011, 08:29 PM
Gdańsk - Mariacka street
September 28th, 2011, 10:08 PM
^^ wtf :dunno::nuts::lol::lol::lol:
very "unconventional" :lol:
btw great job DocentX.
The polish and the italian photo threads are the most interesting on SSC.
September 29th, 2011, 01:27 AM
Wrocław - small streets
September 29th, 2011, 05:05 AM
Wroclaw is the one big Polish city that I regret not seeing while I visited. :ohno:
September 29th, 2011, 06:01 AM
Wroclaw is worth a few days atleast. Excellent job as usual DocentX:cheers:
September 29th, 2011, 09:26 AM
September 29th, 2011, 10:43 AM
Kraków - Kanonicza street
September 29th, 2011, 05:22 PM
Wooden Medieval Churches of Southern Lesser Poland (UNESCO)
Wooden Churches of Southern Lesser Poland and Subcarpathia of the UNESCO inscription are located in Gorlice, Nowy Targ, Bochnia counties (Lesser Poland Voivodeship or Małopolskie), and Brzozów County (Subcarpathian Voivodeship) and are in Binarowa, Blizne, Dębno, Haczów, Lipnica Dolna, and Sękowa.
There are in fact many others of the region which fit the description: "The wooden churches of southern Little Poland represent outstanding examples of the different aspects of medieval church-building traditions in Roman Catholic culture. Built using the horizontal log technique, common in eastern and northern Europe since the Middle Ages..."
The wooden church style of the region originated in the late Medieval, the late sixteenth century, and began with Gothic ornament and polychrome detail, but because they were timber construction, the structure, general form, and feeling is entirely different from the gothic architecture or Polish Gothic (in stone or brick).
Later construction show Rococo and Baroque ornamental influence. The form of these Roman Catholic churches is deeply influenced by the Greco-Catholic and Orthodox presence in the region. Some display Greek cross plans and onion domes, but the most interesting of the churches combine these features with the Roman forms with elongated naves and steeples.
September 29th, 2011, 05:32 PM
Wooden Medieval Churches of Southern Lesser Poland (UNESCO)
September 30th, 2011, 01:53 AM
Zalipie - The "Painted Village"
Zalipie is a village in southern Poland where women traditionally paint their houses, wells, barns, and even trees.
September 30th, 2011, 09:39 AM
The Wooden Architecture Route in southern Poland
The Wooden Architecture Route is one of many thematic routes created in Poland but only one with such a large scale. It should also be stressed that this is only one such a big initiative in Europe.
The idea of a route that would include the wooden architecture of the Polish countryside have emerged in the 90’s of the twentieth century. Its aim was to save the culture, art and folk architecture of the southern Poland.
On the route we can find many Catholic and Orthodox churches, houses, cottages, chapels, taverns, forester’s lodges and the other objects. Eventually, the trail was established in 2001, due to strenuous efforts of the Lesser Poland voivodeship’s authorities. At the beginning the route and objects were marked, and then was signed the agreement on cooperation with neighboring voivodeships. Currently, the route covers the four provinces: małopolskie (Lesser Poland), podkarpackie (Carpathian), śląskie (Silesian) and świętokrzyskie ones.
On the route can be found more than 250 highly valuable and interesting objects of many regions. Length of the route in this region is therefore impressive - more than 1500 km.
Greek Catholic church in Banica
Greek Catholic church in Bartne
September 30th, 2011, 10:42 AM
The Wooden Architecture Route in southern Poland
Greek Catholic church in Przysłup
Greek Catholic church in Czarna
September 30th, 2011, 12:46 PM
Are Wooden churches original? Amazing!
September 30th, 2011, 03:11 PM
Zalipie - The "Painted Village"
Zalipie is a village in southern Poland where women traditionally paint their houses, wells, barns, and even trees.
Nice shot about Zalipie, Thanks for share
September 30th, 2011, 04:49 PM
Are Wooden churches original? Amazing!
Of course - there are many of them. Some of them are from Middle ages and they were put on the UNESCO list.
some more examples of wooden churches from southern Poland :
church from 1606
church from mid XVIII century
September 30th, 2011, 05:04 PM
Lanckorona is a village near Kraków. It is famous for its well preserved 19th century wooden houses.
In the interwar period Lanckorona became a well-known holiday resort, thanks to the landscape assets, bathing in the river and close location to Krakow. People, who contributed to the town’s development are Józef Lorenz (a teacher from Galicia and a well known social activist) and Józef Putka, who later became a deputy of the Parliament of Wadowice.
Until 1934 the place was technically a city, and it has kept an urban layout, with a unique, sloping market square and streets branching in four directions. The market square looks like a miniature wooden city, with a mosaic of very old and sometimes comically small timber houses, still inhabited to this day. In one of the streets you can find an old bakery famous for its delicious bread and pastries made in an original, ceiling-high furnace. What's great is you can knock at the door at any time and the bread will be there for you.
Due to an extraordinary stillness and "nothing to do" atmosphere, Lanckorona is a mecca for artists, who come there to rest and look for inspiration.
There are castle ruins in the town on a hill founded by Polish king Casimir the Great in the fourteenth century.
September 30th, 2011, 06:07 PM
Vang stave medieval church
Vang stave church (Świątynia Wang, also Vang stavkirke, German: Stabkirche Wang) is a stave church which was bought by the Prussian King and transferred from Vang in Norway and re-erected in 1842 in what is now Karpacz in the Karkonosze mountains.
The church is a four-post single-nave stave church originally built around 1200 in the parish of Vang in the Valdres region of Norway.
In 1832 the local council in Norway decided to pull down the stave church because it was too small and had become structurally unsafe over the years.
The church was saved by Crown Prince, later King Frederick William IV of Prussia. He decided to buy the temple and re-erect it in Germany.
The task of surveying the church, marking the materials, supervising the dismantling and preparing for the transportation was entrusted to the young German architect Franz Wilhelm Schiertz, who had helped Dahl to make the plates for his book on the stave churches, and who was probably also known to the Crown Prince. Schiertz did pioneering work in documentation and planning for an enterprise without precedent. His drawings and inventories are now priceless sources of knowledge about the original appearance of the stave church. All pieces were marked and packed for transportation during the summer. In September they were delivered at the harbour of Lćrdalsřyri at the head of the Sognefjord, where they were loaded on board the Haabet, bound for Stettin. Upon arrival in Stettin after two months at sea, the materials were transferred onto a barge for the last leg of the journey to Berlin, where they were stored during the winter in the courtyard of the Altes Museum.
The original plan had been to re-erect the church on the Pfaueninsel (Peacock Island) in Potsdam. But in the meantime, this plan was discarded in favour of a site at the remote village in the Karkonosze mountains.
Now serving a Polish community, Wang church has become a major tourist attraction and is probably the world's most visited stave church with about 200 000 visitors each year.
September 30th, 2011, 09:35 PM
The Evangelican Church of Peace in Świdnica (UNESCO)
The Churches of Peace (Polish: Kościoły Pokoju, German: Friedenskirchen) in Jawor (German: Jauer) and Świdnica (German: Schweidnitz) in Silesia were named after the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 which permitted the Lutherans in the Roman Catholic parts of Silesia to build three Evangelical churches from wood, loam and straw outside the city walls, without steeples and church bells.
The construction time was limited to one year. Since 2001, the two remaining churches are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Despite the physical and political constraints, the churches became the biggest timber-framed religious buildings in Europe due to pioneering constructional and architectural solutions.
The Peace Church in Świdnica is a basilica erected on the cruciform. The three-nave body intersects centrally with the three-nave transept.
The main building was initially extended from the east by the vestry. In later years the Dead Lounge was added from the west, the Wedding Lounge from the south, and the so-called Field Lounge from the north.
The structural frame of the building skeleton consists of wooden columns, sized 30 x 50 cm up to 40 x 50 cm. The central nave is about 44 metres long and 20 metres wide. The side nave – about 30 meters long and 20 meters wide. The height of the central nave is about 15 metres.
The church is a typical carcass structure. The area of 1,090 m2 could hold 7500 people, including 3,000 seated.
The Peace Church in Świdnica is one of the two preserved sites of that kind in Europe so it has enormous historical and artistic value.
After World War II the number of the congregation in the Evangelical Parish dropped dramatically. There are now about 120 parishioners.
September 30th, 2011, 10:13 PM
The Evangelican Church of Peace in Jawor (UNESCO)
The church in Jawor, under the invocation of the Holy Ghost is 43.5-metre (143 ft) long, 14-metre (46 ft) wide and 15.7-metre (52 ft) high and has capacity of 5,500. It was constructed by architect Albrecht von Saebisch (1610–1688) from Wroclaw (then German Breslau) and was finished a year later in 1655. The 200 paintings inside by were done by Georg Flegel in 1671–1681. The Altar, by Martin Schneider, dates to 1672, the original organ of J. Hoferichter from Legnica (then German Liegnitz) of 1664 was replaced in 1855–1856 by Adolf Alexander Lummert.
The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica are the biggest European religious timber-framed constructions.
October 1st, 2011, 09:22 AM
Chochołów is a village in southern Poland, close to the border with Slovakia.
The village of Chochołów in the region of Podhale has a rich history beginning early in the 16th century. The first known document containing reference to the village is the 1592 privilege issued by Polish king King Sigismund III of the Vasa dynasty, granting Bartłomiej Chochołowski hereditarily the post of village administrator for his participation in the expedition against Muscovy.
During the 1655–56 Swedish invasion known as the Deluge, the Chochołów villagers fought valiantly in the war under the command of Krzysztof Żegocki the starosta [a kind of royal sheriff] of Babimost. Successive Polish kings confirmed the Chochołów village administrators’ rights and privileges.
It became specially known as the place of Chochołów uprising of 1846 (Powstanie chochołowskie) against the rule of Austria-Hungary.
The plan to engage Chochołów in an uprising against Austria was born as a result of the local conspirators’ contacts with the emissaries arriving in the region of Podhale. These had got in touch with the local patriotic activists, teacher and organist Jan Kanty Andrusikiewicz, RC priest Leopold Kmietowicz of Chochołów, and another RC priest, Michał Głowacki, ‘Światopełk’, of Poronin, all of whom were later leaders of the Chochołów Uprising.
The date of the outbreak of the uprising against Austria was fixed by the National Government in Cracow: it was to start on 21 February. The Austrian authorities had learnt about the plan and the Austrian troops entered Cracow on 18 February. Members of the National Government were hesitant as to whether call off the uprising but the news had not reached Chochołów, which was a long way away. On the evening of 21 February, armed insurgents under Andrusikiewicz and Father Kmietowicz’s command attacked the post of the Austrian Frontier Guards in Chochołów. After disarming the guards, Andrusikiewicz declared the outbreak of an uprising. The insurgents proceeded to Sucha Góra across the Galician-Hungarian border, planning to come by resources for the needs of the movement in the local customs house that they easily seized. One of the guards even joined the insurgents. The next day was spent on recruiting volunteers and getting the weapons ready. On the evening of 22 February, about five hundred peasants recruited in the neighbouring villages of Witów, Dzianisz and Ciche gathered in Chochołów. About midnight, they faced an unexpected assault launched by the customs guards under the command of Romuald Fiutowski the officer of the finance guards of Nowy Targ, aided by villagers of Czarny Dunajec misled into joining them by the Austrians. The insurgent leaders Father Kmietowicz and Andrusikiewicz were wounded in the skirmish. Further resistance was pointless because of the approach of reinforcements to suppress the uprising. The Chochołów Uprising leaders and participants suffered severe punishment. Many of them were imprisoned in Spielberg, Kufstein and Wiśnicz. Father Kmietowicz was sentenced to death, which sentence was later changed to many years in prison. Andrusikiewicz and others were captured and sentenced to close confinement. All were freed during the 1848 revolution.
Chochołów is a village comprised almost exclusively of the original Polish Góral highlanders' wooden houses (góralskie chaty).
The majority of the houses here were built during the nineteenth century.
Virtually every building echoes the next, the curious anomaly being the stone gothic church, (the old wooden one was replaced in the mid-nineteenth century).
Stone church tower in Chochołów
October 1st, 2011, 12:01 PM
Kluki (Slovincian: Kláhi, Kláčicä; Kashubian: Klëczi; German: Klucken) is a village in northern Poland.
Kluki was settled by the Slovincians and features an open-air museum - Museum of the Slovincian Village.
Slovincian, now extinct, was spoken by the Slovincians, a Slavic people living between the lakes Gardno (Gardersee) and Łebsko (Lebasee) near Słupsk in Pomerania.
Slovincian became extinct in the early twentieth century.
October 1st, 2011, 07:55 PM
DocentX, as already mentioned, you're doing an excellent job here by showing Poland's beauty and diversity. :applause:
October 1st, 2011, 08:08 PM
Wooden Mosques in Kruszyniany and Bohoniki
Mosques in Kruszyniany and Bohoniki are two oldest Islamic shrines in Poland. (btw - there are only a few mosques in Poland)
Both villages situated in the Podlaskie Province were given to Tatars by the Polish king Jan III Sobieski in the 17th century as a reward for military aid during the Polish-Turkish war.
Tatars had been present in this part of Europe since the 14th century, migrating mainly to Lithuania.
They formed a large community which enjoyed considerable autonomy, inter alias, in the field of religion. Mosques in Kruszyniany and Bohoniki differ from typical Muslim temples because they were built by local carpenters according to local patterns.
As a result, Mosque in Kruszyniany is a wooden building raised on a rectangular base with a shingle roof. From the entrance for women it has got two towers topped with crescents. The space between the towers is filled with tympanum.
In the two Muslim mosques dominates Islamic, dark green colour (after the renovation the mosque in Bohoniki changed the colour).
Its interiors, traditionally divided into men and women areas, are decorated with carpets, arabesques and muhirs (verses of Koran in Arabic). Both mosques belong to the Muslim Religious Community and are active temples.
Tourists can visit them thanks to mosques’ administrators and guides – Dżemil Gebicki in Kruszyniany and Eugenia Radkiewicz in Bohoniki.
In November 2010, a monument to Poland's Tatar poulace was unveiled in the port city of Gdansk at a ceremony attended by President Bronislaw Komorowski, as well as Tatar representatives from across Poland and abroad.
The monument is a symbol of the important role of Tatars in Polish history.
“Tatars shed their blood in all national independence uprisings. Their blood seeped into the foundations of the reborn Polish Republic,” President Komorowski said at the unveiling.
The monument is the first of its kind to be erected in Europe.
Kruszyniany - wooden mosque from the 18th century
The village has a population of 160. In the past, it was primarily a Lipka Tatar settlement. Up until this day, the Tatars still remain as the only minority in the village.
Bohoniki - wooden mosque from 19th century
Bohoniki - Muslim cemetery
Today still a few families in the village are Tatar and Muslim following the old tradition.
October 2nd, 2011, 01:33 AM
City rights 1246
During the siege of February 1945 the city infrastructure was 65% destroyed, including most of the historical city center.
Restoration of the Old Town began after 1989. Since the beginning of the restoration, an extensive archaeological programme has been carried out. Most of the city's heritage was destroyed during the construction of basements in the 19th century or during World War II, but the backyards and latrines of the houses were not changed and provide information on the city's history. On some occasions the private investors incorporated parts of preserved stonework into new architecture. Approximately 75% of the Old Town has been reconstructed as of 2006. The city museum presents many pieces of art and utilities of everyday use, including the only 15th century binoculars preserved in Europe.
Reconstructed buildings in the Old City:
October 2nd, 2011, 08:55 AM
Białowieża is a village in Poland, in Podlaskie Voivodeship, in the middle of Białowieża Forest, of which it is a namesake. The population of the settlement is 2000 (2002).
Białowieża is located in north-eastern Poland in the Podlaskie Voivodeship near the border with Belarus.
Before 1426 a wooden hunting manor for Polish king Władysław Jagiełło was built in the middle of the Białowieża Forest on the Lutownia stream. It was most probably one of the first permanent settlements in the area, although the forest was already penetrated by hunters from the nearby areas and by the king himself who used to hunt there. The wooden manor was painted in white and became the namesake both for the future village and the forest (Białowieża means White Tower in Polish).
From 1538 the forest was protected by the laws of king Sigismund I the Old. However, until the times of John Casimir the forest was mostly unpopulated. Sporadic settlements were established in various places, but the manor in Białowieża was the only one to be permanent. In the late 17th century, several small villages were started for development of local iron ore deposits and tar production. The villages were populated with settlers from Masovia and Podlaskie and many of them still exist.
After the Partitions of Poland the local population was turned into serfs and Białowieża quickly depopulated. Tsar Alexander I reintroduced the reserve in 1801 and hired a small amount of peasants for protection of the animals. Most of them were settled in the administrative centre of the area - Białowieża. However, since most of the foresters took part in the November Uprising (500 out of 502 in total), their posts were abolished and protection was again harmed. Yet again the village of Białowieża ceased to exist.
Protection was reintroduced in 1860 and the village was repopulated with Russians.
During World War I most of the local Russian population fled before the advancing German army which seized the area in August 1915. The Germans built a lumber mill in Białowieża and connected it with railway to the nearby town of Hajnówka.
However, the village did not recover until 1921 when the Białowieża National Park was established. The village became the administrative centre of the Park and one of the most popular tourist attractions of the area. Following Polish-Soviet War, Białowieża was returned to Poland.
During the World War II after the joint German and Soviet attack on Poland, the area came under Soviet occupation. In 1939 and 1940 most of the local inhabitants were arrested and sent to gulags.
They were replaced with Russian forest workers, but in 1941 the forest came under German occupation and the Russian inhabitants were also deported.
Hermann Göring planned to create the biggest hunting reserve in the world there, but those plans were never realized. After July 1941, the forest became a refuge for both Polish and Soviet partisans. German authorities organized mass executions of people suspected of aiding the resistance. In July 1944 the area was captured by the Red Army. The withdrawing Wehrmacht blew up the historic Białowieża hunting manor.
After the war Białowieża yet again recovered and became the centre of the re-established National Park in 1947. Nowadays it is one of the least populated areas in Poland, while at the same time it is one of the most important tourist attractions in the Eastern part of the country with almost 100,000 visitors every year.
Hunter's manor - the oldest surviving building in Białowieża
Open-air folk museum (Skansen) - with original huts, windmills and wells
October 2nd, 2011, 10:19 AM
Orthodox churches in Podlasie region
Puchły orthodox church
Bielsk Podlaski orthodox church
October 3rd, 2011, 08:31 AM
Wooden churches from Greater Poland region
Uzarzewo wooden church from mid XVIII century.
The local parish’s history started in as early as 12th century; a wooden church was built owing to the royal foundation. The existing wattle-and-daub parish church of St. Michael the Archangel was built on the site of an earlier wooden temple which was dismantled in 1749. A wooden neo-gothic tower was added in 1869.
The church is a single-nave hall-type edifice furnished with a barrel vault. There are two side baroque-style altars, made in mid-18th century and dedicated, respectively, to the Heart of Our Lord Jesus and St. Teresa of Avila. The main altar of the Golgotha is set against the background of a wall-painted decoration in the form of a red draperied curtain.
Among the furnishings, your attention will be attracted by a seventeenth-century crucifix, an early-mediaeval stone stoup which functioned as a baptismal font till 1895, and in particular, the icon of Our Lady with the Infant, painted in 2nd half of 17th century and founded by Anna Młynarka of Uzarzewo, who is portrayed kneeling at the painting’s corner.
At the northern side, a sacristry and a neo-baroque chapel with a grave crypt of the Żychlińskis, the then-owners of the village, were appended in 1900.
During a renovation of the tower and its cupola, a sealed bottle was found within a copper ball supporting the cross, along with a corroded box containing six coins as well as various nineteenth-century newspapers and periodicals.
Gułtowy wooden church from mid XVIII century
Built in the years 1737-1738, wooden church in Gułtowy is picturesquely situated among old trees on a hill in the heart of the village.
When you visit the church, you should pay special attention to its interior decoration in Baroque and Rococo styles.
From the 18th c., the village of Gułtowy was owned by the Bniński family, and its head, Franciszka Bnińska, the starost of Śrem, is buried there in a tombstone in classicist style situated under the pulpit. .Polychromes decorating the vault and walls of the nave date back to mid-18th c.
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The Bardzkie Mountains (Polish: Góry Bardzkie) is a mountain range in Central Sudetes in Poland.
October 3rd, 2011, 04:07 PM
Bolesławiec railway bridge
October 3rd, 2011, 05:55 PM
October 3rd, 2011, 07:52 PM
A tower in Stołpie near Chełm is most probably part of a small private convent built for an important person.
The building did not serve a military purpose – this is determined by its position: it was erected in a place, which is extremely awkward – in a pit, in a boggy area, rather than on a hill, which could control the area or a chosen route.
According to the scientist, symbolic rather than political factors determined where the tower complex would be located.
Thanks to C14 analyses, we known that the site was in use between the 12th and 13th centuries. Fragments of enamelled pottery and ceramic tiles found during the excavations belong to the Byzantine cultural sphere of influence. Similar objects spread from there to places such as Bulgaria and Ruthenia.
It is regarded as one ofthe most northern enclave of Byzantine culture.
October 3rd, 2011, 08:01 PM
Drzewica castle ruins
October 3rd, 2011, 08:40 PM
Zaborski Landscape Park
Zaborski Landscape Park (Zaborski Park Krajobrazowy) is a protected area (Landscape Park) in northern Poland, established in 1990, covering an area of 340.26 square kilometres (131.38 sq mi) north of the town of Chojnice. It surrounds Tuchola Forest National Park.
The Park (together with the Tuchola, Wda and Wdzydze Landscape Parks) forms the buffer zone of the Tuchola Forest Biosphere Reserve, designated under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme in 2010.
October 3rd, 2011, 09:09 PM
Chapels and crosses - eastern Poland
October 4th, 2011, 12:47 AM
Set on the northern end of Lake Gopło, Kruszwica existed from at least the 8th century as a fortified village of the Goplanie, one of the Slav tribes living in the area. The Goplanie were eventually wiped out by the Polanie, forerunners of the medieval Poles, who made considerably more of a mark on history.
Kruszwica has a special place in the history of Poland - the legend talks of the the cruel ruler, Popiel, being eaten by mice, and replaced with the simple and just Piast - hence the beginning of what would become Poland.
One of the most valuable historic monument of Kruszwica is a medieval tower, called 'Mysia Tower' [Mouse Tower]. It is an octagonal tower, 32 meters in height, which together with the ruins of town walls constitutes the remains of a defensive castle
The solemn ceremonies marking Poland's Millenium were inaugurated in June of 1960 in Kruszwica.
October 4th, 2011, 09:27 AM
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Warsaw
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Polish: Grób Nieznanego Żołnierza) is a monument in Warsaw, Poland, dedicated to the unknown soldiers who have given their lives for Poland.
In 1923, a group of unknown Varsovians placed, before Warsaw's Saxon Palace and the adjacent Saxon Garden, a stone tablet commemorating all the unknown Polish soldiers who had fallen in World War I and the subsequent Polish-Soviet War.
This initiative was taken up by several Warsaw newspapers and by General Władysław Sikorski. On April 4, 1925, the Polish Ministry of War selected a battlefield from which the ashes of an unknown soldier would be brought to Warsaw. Of some 40 battles, that for Lwów was chosen.
In October 1925, at Lwów's Cemetery of the Defenders of Lwów, three coffins were exhumed: those of an unknown sergeant, corporal and private. The coffin that was to be transported to Warsaw was chosen by Jadwiga Zarugiewiczowa, mother of a soldier who had fallen at Zadwórze and whose body had never been found.
On November 2, 1925, the coffin was brought to Warsaw's St. John's Cathedral, where a Mass was held. Afterward eight recipients of the order of Virtuti Militari bore the coffin to its final resting place beneath the colonnade joining the two wings of the Saxon Palace. The coffin was buried along with 14 urns containing soil from as many battlegrounds, a Virtuti Militari medal, and an erection act.
Since then, except under German occupation during World War II, an honor guard has continuously been held before the Tomb.
The Tomb was designed by the famous Polish sculptor, Stanisław Kazimierz Ostrowski. It was located within the arcade that linked the two symmetric wings of the Saxon Palace, then the seat of the Polish Ministry of War. The central tablet was ringed by 5 eternal flames and 4 stone tablets bearing the names and dates of battles in which Polish soldiers had fought during World War I and the Polish-Soviet War (1919–21). Behind the Tomb were two steel gratings bearing emblems of Poland's two highest Polish military decorations — the Virtuti Militari and Cross of Valor.
During the 1939 invasion of Poland, the building was slightly damaged by German aerial bombing, but it was quickly rebuilt and seized by the German authorities. After the Warsaw Uprising, in December 1944, the palace was completely demolished by the Wehrmacht. Only part of the central colonnade, sheltering the Tomb, was preserved.
After the war, in late 1945, reconstruction began. Only a small part of the palace, containing the Tomb, was restored by Henryk Grunwald. On 8 May 1946 it was opened to the public. Soil from 24 additional battlegrounds was added to the urns, as well as more tablets with names of battles in which Poles had fought in World War II. However, the communist authorities erased all trace of the Polish-Soviet War of 1920, and only a few of the Polish Armed Forces' battles in the West were included. This was corrected in 1990, after Poland had regained its political autonomy.
There are plans to rebuild the Saxon Palace, but as of 2009 it is unknown when and whether these plans will be realized.
October 4th, 2011, 03:40 PM
October 4th, 2011, 04:02 PM
October 4th, 2011, 04:23 PM
October 5th, 2011, 06:11 PM
Bytom - St. Jack Church
October 5th, 2011, 06:58 PM
Ruda Śląska - St. Paul Church
October 5th, 2011, 07:51 PM
St. Jack Church looks amazing! Love it.
October 5th, 2011, 08:16 PM
Gliwice - churches
October 5th, 2011, 08:36 PM
Katowice - churches
October 5th, 2011, 10:46 PM
Bytom - St. Jack Church
It's Saint Hyacinth (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Hyacinth) :)
Jacek = Hyacinth in english, not Jack - common mistake
Jack (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_%28name%29) in english is a diminutive of John :)
October 6th, 2011, 08:34 AM
Chorzów - Saint Barbara church
October 6th, 2011, 10:28 AM
October 6th, 2011, 10:39 AM
October 6th, 2011, 06:24 PM
Szymbark castle ruins
October 6th, 2011, 08:18 PM
October 6th, 2011, 10:44 PM
Polish hussars (Husaria)
The Polish Hussars (Polish: Husaria) were the main type of cavalry of the Polish Army between the 16th and 18th centuries.
Until the reforms of 1770s the husaria banners or companies were considered the elite of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cavalry. They were widely regarded as one of the most powerful cavalry formations in the world.
The Battle of Warka (1656) reenactment :
October 7th, 2011, 09:36 AM
Warka brewery - one of the most modern breweries in Europe :
October 7th, 2011, 05:39 PM
Casimir Pulaski, or Kazimierz Pułaski in Polish (March 6, 1745 – October 11, 1779), was a Polish soldier, nobleman, and politician who has been called "the father of American cavalry".
A member of the Polish landed nobility, Pulaski was a military commander for the Bar Confederation and fought against Russian domination of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. When this uprising failed, he emigrated to North America as a soldier of fortune.
During the American Revolutionary War, he saved the life of George Washington and became a general in the Continental Army.
He died of wounds suffered in the Battle of Savannah.
Pulaski is one of only seven people to be awarded honorary United States citizenship.
Pulaski is one of the most honored persons in American history, in terms of places and events named in his honor.
Pulaski monument in Warka :
Pulaski museum in Warka :
Although there are several disputed birth and baptismal records, Pulaski's birth is honored in Warka, Poland, by the Kazimierz Pułaski Museum, which opened in 1967.
The museum occupies the manor house which Pulaski's family lived in during the 1760s, and includes rooms dedicated to his activities in Poland and the USA. It also includes rooms dedicated to Polish-American emigration and contributions of Polish émigrés to American culture and history.
October 7th, 2011, 06:19 PM
Rozbitek palace near Kwilcz
October 8th, 2011, 11:06 AM
Czerwińsk nad Wisłą
The Abbey church in Czerwińsk nad Wisłą was built in the 12th century (1155).
Despite some Gothic and Baroque elements added in later centuries, the basilica remains one of the most valuable examples of Romanesque architecture in Poland.
October 8th, 2011, 05:48 PM
October 8th, 2011, 06:01 PM
October 8th, 2011, 06:27 PM
chapel inside the palace
October 8th, 2011, 07:06 PM
chapel inside the castle
October 8th, 2011, 10:37 PM
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October 9th, 2011, 12:02 AM
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October 9th, 2011, 01:21 AM
Lovely palaces in Pławniowice, Moszna, Brynek. I often find the style and 'climate' of Silesian palaces (incl. surrounding landscaping) as unique and charming.
October 9th, 2011, 09:36 AM
Krutynia river waterway
The Krutynia River waterway is one of the most beautiful kayaking route in Poland. It begins at Sorkwity and ends where the river flows into the Beldany Lake.
The trail takes you through 17 lakes and a few streams of the Pisz Forest.
October 9th, 2011, 10:11 AM
Wieliczka Salt Mine (UNESCO)
The Wieliczka Salt Mine, located in the town of Wieliczka in southern Poland, lies within the Kraków metropolitan area.
The mine continuously produced table salt from the 13th century until 2007 as one of the world's oldest operating salt mines, for most of this time span being a part of the undertaking żupy krakowskie.
It is believed to be the world's 14th-oldest company.
The mine's attractions for tourists include dozens of statues and an entire chapel that has been carved out of the rock salt by the miners.
About 1.2 million people visit the Wieliczka Salt Mine annually.
The Wieliczka salt mine reaches a depth of 327 meters and is over 300 km long.
It features a 3.5-km touring route for visitors (less than 1% of the length of the mine's passages) that includes historic statues and mythical figures.
The oldest sculptures were carved out of rock salt by miners; more recent figures have been fashioned by contemporary artists. Even the crystals of the chandeliers are made from rock salt that has been dissolved and reconstituted to achieve a clear, glass-like appearance.
In 1978 the Wieliczka salt mine was placed on the original UNESCO list of the World Heritage Sites.
October 9th, 2011, 10:28 AM
Bochnia Salt Mine
The Bochnia Salt Mine is one of the oldest salt mines in the world and the oldest one in Poland and Europe.
The mine was established between the 12th and 13th centuries after salt was discovered in Bochnia, and was part of the mining company żupy krakowskie. The mine was closed some time after World War I. In 1981 it was declared a national monument.
The mines measure 4,5 kilometres in length and 468 metres in depth at 16 different levels. Deserted chambers, shafts and passages form a so called underground town, which is now open to sightseers. The largest of the preserved chambers has been converted into a sanatorium and museum.
2010 the mine was proposed for the UNESCO World Heritage List as an extension of the Wieliczka Salt Mine inscription.
October 9th, 2011, 10:37 AM
Coal Mine 'Guido' in Zabrze (museum)
The mine was established in 1855 by the Count Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck. However, the layers of coal were exceptionally poor in that area, and that is why the main lost on importance in the early 30-ties.
In 1967 an experimental coal mine was opened there, and it worked till 1982. Since then, works aiming at opening the mine for tourists started.
They were successful and in 2007, first tourist could step on the hoist and take a narrated ride to the bottom of a mine shaft. In 2009, the deepest level of the mine was opened for visitors.
October 9th, 2011, 10:47 AM
Old silver mine in Tarnowskie Góry
Old Silver Mine in Tarnowskie Gory is the only place in Poland where you can see on your own eyes the underground remaining after extraction of the silver ore.
It is the only underground tourist route open to the public via boat. Both objects are just part of the system over 150 km underground labyrinths in the vicinity of Tarnowskie Gory.
October 9th, 2011, 11:03 AM
The Gold Mine in Złoty Stok
The first evidence of mining in Zloty Stok dates from the first millennium AD, which means that this is the oldest mine in Poland.
At the beginning of the 16th century the town, called Reichenstein (Richstone) by the Germans, began to flower thanks to the mining and working of gold. The search for this precious ore continued until the closing of the mine in the late 1960s, this, even though it had not fully rendered all its wealth.
Today you can take an underground trip and be enthralled by the cascade of a beautiful, 10 metre high waterfall. The only one in Poland and unique in all of Europe. But keep your eyes open - there is still some gold in these mines.
October 9th, 2011, 04:56 PM
Uranium mine in Kowary
In 1948, under an agreement reached between Poland and the USSR, a nation-wide search for uranium was initiated. That same year, in an old drift in Kletno called Sankt Paul, an engineer from the Soviet Geological Service discovered uranium ore – and work was begun.
Uranium from Kowary was used to produce first soviet Atomic bombs. The uranium exploiting was a top secret activity at that time. Also today secrets and layout of all of the tunnels was not completely revealed.
Many years passed before the opening of an underground tourist route, along one of the exploited drifts in Kletno, known as the Sztolni Fluorytowej (Flouride Drift).
October 9th, 2011, 07:35 PM
October 9th, 2011, 08:12 PM
October 9th, 2011, 08:46 PM
Wonderful country. I love the picture of the Pławniowice palace and the Moszna castle. When were constructed both of them? Who lived in these palaces? thank you.
October 10th, 2011, 03:51 AM
Is this the only beach in Poland? At some parts it's unbelievable busy. :eek:
October 10th, 2011, 07:04 AM
It's definitely not the only one, but I agree that it's unbelievably busy. Too busy for my liking.
October 10th, 2011, 08:20 AM
Is this the only beach in Poland? At some parts it's unbelievable busy. :eek:
Whole Polish coast is made of a beautiful sand - but we have almost 40 mln people and during season in some places (near the most popular resorts) can be crowded.
But you can always walk one kilometer up or down to find more quiet place.
October 10th, 2011, 08:27 AM
October 10th, 2011, 08:40 AM
Wonderful country. I love the picture of the Pławniowice palace and the Moszna castle. When were constructed both of them? Who lived in these palaces? thank you.
Re Pławniowice, as per info from Wikipedia, in XIV century there was a fortress manned by Polish knights under the command of Piotr Szafraniec (of Starykoń coat of arms).
The palace in its current appearance was constructed in 1882-85 at the instruction of Count Franz von Ballestrem. Further info e.g. here: http://translate.google.ie/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=n&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&layout=2&eotf=1&u=http%3A%2F%2Fpl.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FZesp%25C3%25B3%25C5%2582_pa%25C5%2582acowo-parkowy_w_P%25C5%2582awniowicach (Google translate of Wiki page), http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zesp%C3%B3%C5%82_pa%C5%82acowo-parkowy_w_P%C5%82awniowicach (source page in Polish).
Re Moszna castle, its history is reported to date back to 1st half of XVII century (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moszna,_Opole_Voivodeship).
Is this the only beach in Poland? At some parts it's unbelievable busy. :eek:
It's definitely not the only one, but I agree that it's unbelievably busy. Too busy for my liking.
Oh no, it is the only beach in Poland. :colgate::tongue2:
October 10th, 2011, 10:30 AM
October 10th, 2011, 10:46 AM
Warsaw - the Old Town
October 10th, 2011, 10:56 AM
October 10th, 2011, 11:14 AM
October 10th, 2011, 11:26 AM
October 10th, 2011, 12:33 PM
October 10th, 2011, 12:38 PM
Wrocław - Sky Tower
October 10th, 2011, 12:53 PM
October 10th, 2011, 01:07 PM
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October 10th, 2011, 01:19 PM
October 10th, 2011, 01:28 PM
October 10th, 2011, 01:36 PM
October 10th, 2011, 08:28 PM
October 10th, 2011, 09:56 PM
Looks nice, but in fairness if I were the city heritage conservator, I wouldn't approve such flashy facade colours... :nuts:
October 11th, 2011, 03:19 AM
Didn't know Szczecin had a nice old town.