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Old May 19th, 2013, 07:22 AM   #81
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คนเดินเมือง : ต้นไม้ใหญ่ในเมือง
18 พ.ค. 56 | 18.00 – 18.30

พบกับคุณประโยชน์ของต้นไม้ในเมือง โดยเฉพาะต้นไม้ใหญ่ริมถนนที่มีประโยชน์ต่อสุขภาพ และการอยู่อาศัยใช้ชีวิต แต่แนวคิดการแก้ไขปัญหารถติดด้วยการขยาย หรือตัดถนนใหม่ทำให้ต้องตัดต้นไม้ใหญ่ริมทาง การเปลี่ยนมุมมอง และปรับภูมิทัศน์ของภาครัฐที่ส่งผลต่อต้นไม้ ตลอดจนการขาดความรู้ความเข้าใจ และไม่ใส่ใจของหน่วยงานรับผิดชอบ พาลทำให้ต้นไม้ที่เหลืออยู่ก็ถูกตัดแต่งให้เต็มไปด้วยความอัปลักษณ์น่าอดสู ทำให้ต้นไม้ตายหรือพิการอย่างน่าเสียดาย รู้จักการตัดแต่งอย่างถูกวิธี กับศิลปินแห่งชาติสาขาภูมิสถาปัตยกรรม และ“รุกขกร” หรือหมอต้นไม้ ติดตามรายการคนเดินเมือง วันเสาร์ที่ 18 พฤษภาคม 2556 เวลา 18.00 – 18.30 น. ทางไทยพีบีเอสหรือรับชมทีวีออนไลน์ทาง

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Old May 21st, 2013, 03:49 PM   #82
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Madrid Rio ดีไซน์เมืองใหม่ ขุดอุโมงค์ใต้ดินให้รถวิ่ง คืนพื้นที่สีเขียวสู่เมือง เพื่อการอยู่อาศัยที่ยั่งยืน

เทศบาลเมืองมาดริดขุดอุโมงค์ใต้ดินให้รถวิ่ง แล้วขอคืนพื้นที่เลียบแม่น้ำ 43 กิโลเมตร ให้กลายเป็นพื้นที่สีเขียวยาวเหยียด ที่มีทั้งทางเดินเท้า ทางจักรยาน สนามเด็กเล่น พื้นที่ศิลปวัฒนธรรม และสันทนาการต่างๆ
http://www.creativemove.com/architecture/madrid-rio/




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Old May 21st, 2013, 04:37 PM   #83
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~7 billion euros of cost (269.096.482.908,78฿). Madrid is indebted for some years.
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Old May 21st, 2013, 04:49 PM   #84
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That's such a huge debt for 1 project, but I really love it indeed.
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Old May 23rd, 2013, 02:12 PM   #85
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Here's another chance to make your lifestyle more environmentally friendly. Visit the "Greener Klong San" fair at Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry on May 31 and June 1.

Promoting a green lifestyle, the fair brings fresh organic produce direct from farmers to urban consumers. There are also talks on how to chance your lifestyle to avoid chemicals, workshops on biodiesel energy, and a nature detective activity for children. An exhibition about big trees in the city and being a green consumer will also be held.

To get there, take the BTS to Krung Thon Buri Station and take taxi or tuk-tuk to Somdet Chaopraya Road.

For more information, call 02-442-2500, ext 59281 and 59282.
http://www.bangkokpost.com/lifestyle...?reviewID=1889
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Old May 28th, 2013, 07:08 AM   #86
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ผู้ว่าฯ สุขุมพันธุ์ตั้งเป้าเพิ่มพื้นที่สีเขียว 5,000 ไร่ เน้นสวนสาธารณะขนาดใหญ่ไม่น้อยกว่า 10 แห่ง
วันจันทร์ที่ 27 พฤษภาคม 2013 เวลา 16:18 น. | เขียนโดย เจริญ | | |



(25 พ.ค. 56) ม.ร.ว.สุขุมพันธุ์ บริพัตร ผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร ร่วมตอบข้อซักถาม และพูดคุยประเด็นพื้นที่สีเขียวและสวนมักกะสัน พร้อมรับมอบรายชื่อประชาชนผู้ร่วมสนับสนุนการขับเคลื่อนมักกะสันให้เป็นสวนสาธารณะ พิพิธภัณฑ์ และศูนย์การเรียนรู้ ผ่านแคมเปญ www.change.org/MakkasanHope ในงานคอนเสิร์ต "ร้องแทนต้นไม้-รวมใจเพื่อมักกะสัน" ซึ่งกลุ่ม “เราอยากให้มักกะสัน เป็นสวนสาธารณะและพิพิธภัณฑ์”

ร่วมกับหลากหลายศิลปินนักร้อง-วงดนตรีหัวใจสีเขียว จัดขึ้น ณ ศาลาภิรมย์ภักดี สวนลุมพินี เขตปทุมวัน เพื่อให้คนกรุงเทพฯ ร่วมกันรณรงค์ ผลักดันให้เกิดสวนสาธารณะ พิพิธภัณฑ์ และศูนย์การเรียนรู้ ในพื้นที่ 500 ไร่บริเวณมักกะสัน ผ่านทางโซเชียลเน็ตเวิร์ค โดยมีประชาชนร่วมลงชื่อสนับสนุนฯ แล้วประมาณ 20,000 คน
ผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร กล่าวว่า กรุงเทพมหานครมีนโยบายในการเพิ่มพื้นที่สีเขียว โดย 4 ปีแรกของการดำรงตำแหน่งผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานครนั้น สามารถเพิ่มพื้นที่สีเขียวขนาดใหญ่ไปแล้ว 3 แห่งในพื้นที่เขตบึงกุ่ม พญาไท และบางขุนนนท์ ซึ่งในวาระที่ 2 ของการดำรงตำแหน่งนี้ได้ตั้งเป้าเพิ่มพื้นที่สีเขียวให้ได้ 5,000 ไร่ ซึ่งต้องมีสวนสาธารณะที่มีพื้นที่ขนาดใหญ่กว่า 10 ไร่ ไม่ต่ำกว่า 10 แห่ง โดยขณะนี้อยู่ระหว่างการออกแบบก่อสร้าง อาทิ สวนสาธารณะเฉลิมพระเกียรติพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว เนื่องในโอกาสพระราชพิธีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา 7 รอบ (บางบอน) บนพื้นที่ขนาด 100 ไร่ของสำนักงานทรัพย์สิน ส่วนพระมหากษัตริย์ นับเป็นสวนสาธารณะที่ใหญ่ที่สุดในย่านฝั่งธนบุรี สวนสาธารณะบริเวณซอยเพชรเกษม 69 (บางบอน 3) ขนาด 70 ไร่ ที่มีเอกลักษณ์เฉพาะตัวในการออกแบบให้กลมกลืนกับตลาดนัดแห่งใหม่ของกรุงเทพมหานคร รวมถึงสวนสาธารณะแห่งอื่นๆ อยู่ระหว่างการเจรจาขอใช้พื้นที่จากเจ้าของที่ดิน อาทิ สวนสาธารณะบริเวณทางแยกต่างระดับวัชรพล เขตบางเขน สวนสาธารณะภายในสถานีพัฒนาที่ดินกรุงเทพมหานคร (ถนนบางขุนเทียนชายทะเล) เขตบางขุนเทียน ซึ่งคาดว่าในช่วงวาระที่สองของการดำรงตำแหน่ง สามารถสร้างสาธารณะขนาดใหญ่ได้กว่า 10 แห่ง และยังมีนโยบายเพิ่มพื้นที่สีเขียวขนาดเล็กให้ครบคลุมทั่วกรุงเทพฯ อีกด้วย

ในส่วนของพื้นที่กว่า 500 ไร่ในบริเวณมักกะสัน ซึ่งการรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทยในฐานะเจ้าของพื้นที่ได้ตั้งเป้าใช้พื้นที่ดังกล่าวจัดทำเมกะโปรเจ็กต์ “มักกะสันคอมเพล็กซ์” ที่ประกอบไปด้วยศูนย์การค้า โรงแรม และพื้นที่เชิงพาณิชย์เต็มรูปแบบ โดยกลุ่มผู้รณรงค์ยืนยันว่าไม่ได้ต้องการประท้วงให้ยกเลิกโครงการ แต่ต้องการให้มีพื้นที่สีเขียวที่ทุกคนมีส่วนร่วมอย่างเท่าเทียมกันเพื่อให้ชาวเมืองได้ผ่อนคลาย หายใจ และวิ่งเล่นกันในพื้นที่สีเขียวบ้าง ตามแนวคิด “เพื่อคุณภาพชีวิต เพื่อกรุงเทพฯ เพื่อลูกหลานของเรา” เท่านั้น โดยผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานครได้ยืนยันว่าจะร่วมผลักดันให้มีการจัดสรรพื้นที่ดังกล่าวเป็นสวนสาธารณะสำหรับคนกรุงเทพฯ อย่างแน่นอน แม้ว่าพื้นที่ดังกล่าวจะไม่ได้รับการจัดสรรเป็นพื้นที่สีเขียวได้ทั้งหมด แต่ในฐานะผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานครจะเจรจาร่วมกับการรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทยให้จัดสรรพื้นที่ดังกล่าวเป็นพื้นที่สีเขียวให้มากที่สุดเท่าที่จะมากได้ พร้อมทั้งช่วยดูแลพื้นที่สีเขียวดังกล่าวให้สวยงามยั่งยืนด้วย
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Old July 1st, 2013, 03:47 AM   #87
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Can Bangkok's Next Governor Really Save our City?
BK takes a look at some of the hot policy issues and asks experts and activists whether the next big boss of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) really has the power to change our city.
By Monruedee Jansuttipan



GREENER CITY

Decha Boonkham: National Artist, landscape architect, designer of Benjasiri Park and Suan Luang Rama IX

Why isn’t Bangkok a greener city?
Our city planning has been a failure for half a century, as we haven’t had a master plan. When Bangkok finally developed, the land prices were high so they had to build tall buildings to make a profit without thinking about the carbon footprint. It’s both our life and death. If we keep developing like this, all the real trees will disappear from the city.

What would it take to make Bangkok greener?
Bangkok’s remaining street trees are the ugliest on earth. They were both incorrectly chosen and badly planted. It doesn’t help that they have lots of enemies: pollution, electricity lines and drains. The BMA don’t take good care of them either. They need to employ proper tree surgeons to look after the trees rather than hire companies who just go in and chop off all their branches and leaves. I can guarantee that if the BMA started applying the right methods to our street trees, Bangkok would be a much greener city within five years. There are also tons of empty spaces that the government own, such as the Treasury Department, which could be made into parks. Ex-governor Bhichit Rattakul already showed that it can be done with the conversion of Suan Rod Fai.

Oraya Sutabutr: Big Tree Group

How can the Bangkok governor expand the green spaces in the city?
Bangkok has only about 3-4 sq. meters of green space per person, whereas the standard should be about 30 sq. meters per person. In terms of power and money, it’s pretty hard for the governor to create more green spaces in Bangkok but in terms of leadership, he can definitely make it happen. As land prices increase, he must act as a coordinator to negotiate with the private sector to develop more green spaces beside new properties. It’s clear the world over that green spaces boost land prices—just look at properties next to Central Park in New York, they’re some of the most expensive in the world.

BICYCLE CITY

Noppakun Dibakomuda: Head of the Smile Riders group and producer of the TV show Pan Hai Loke Plien (Ride to Change the World) on TPBS

Can Bangkok ever be a bicycle-friendly city?
The number of cyclists in Bangkok is on the up, but education about cycling in the city is still really low. We have a situation where more and more people are riding bikes on our roads, but motorists don’t really know how to deal with them, while some cyclists don’t even know how to ride correctly. The bicycle policy that is being implemented now is nothing but an illusion. Problems are being fixed in purely political ways; for instance, riders demand a bicycle lane and administrators respond by painting a color on the road and calling it a bicycle lane. This is totally wrong. What we need is well-planned traffic engineering so that we can efficiently blend bicycling with the city’s other forms of traffic. The only legitimate bike lane in this city is the one in Rattanakosin district, which is approved by the Thai Traffic Police. The rest are simply unlawful.

So, does the governor really matter?
Definitely, but he must be really determined to make things happen. He can be a big inspiration, like the Mayor of Bogota, Colombia, who devoted his time to improving bicycling conditions. As a bike rider himself, he was really invested in the situation, whereas our governor just jumps in and out of cars to get around. We don’t have to copy and paste cool policies—just let traffic engineers from all traffic departments sit down and plan out something that best suits our city. We must also educate people on the rights and safety of bicyclists. The next governor could start by introducing a bicycle course at all of Bangkok’s 400 schools. He could then start cycling to work once a week to set a good example for other people in the city. Being governor is more than a title—a real leader can bring true progress to the city.

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

Rotmaethai.com: We speak to the representatives of this volunteer public transport advocacy group specializing in bus transportation

How much power does the governor have to manage public transport in the city?
Being governor of the BMA is actually like being president of the student council. While he’s voted in by the students, all matters of policy and projects must be approved by the headmaster or principal—in this case, the government. Public transport is a massive headache because most of the power is out of the BMA’s hands: the Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (BMTA) is under the Ministry of Transport, the MRT is under the State Railway of Thailand and boats in canals like Sansaeb are under the Marine Department. The BTS is overseen by the BMA, but really this only applies to its extensions, such as the introduction of stations beyond On Nut on the Sukhumvit Line or Sapan Taksin on the Silom Line. Only the BRT is solely managed by the BMA. Problems between the government and the BMA always arise because of this lack of control. The BMA can’t control delayed government projects that affect the city, such as the purchase of 3,000 new buses for the BMTA which has been pushed back for years.

What do you make of the candidates’ policies on transportation?
It’s pretty hard to see a policy like free buses actually happening as it would need a huge budget. As the BMTA comes under the Ministry of Transport, the BMA must find the money to pay the BMTA, which is already in B70 billion of debt. So the question is, how does the BMA find this huge budget?
So, does the governor really matter?
They’re important, sure, but what we need is a leader with clear plans on how to improve the daily commute for people living in Bangkok’s outskirts coming into town. Regarding BTS extensions, it’s up to the government to approve the budget as all new routes are heading out of town, and beyond Bangkok’s administration. But the head of the BMA must still examine the project closely so that the city’s transport system flows efficiently. He must be the coordinator who brings everything together.

BANGKOK CONSERVATION

Pongkwan Lassus: Chairman of the Architectural Conservation Committee of the Association of Siamese Architecture

How important is the governor to conservation matters?
While the Fine Arts Department looks after conservation matters, the governor is still crucial to preserving old culture around town. Administrators don’t understand the importance of city planning, that’s why the Department of City Planning has a much smaller budget compared to the Public Works Department. But city planning plays a big part in conservation. Our culture is Bangkok’s biggest tourist attraction and brings untold amounts of money to the city, whereas public works is all about spending. The new city plan for Bangkok that’s going to be implemented in May does not include conservation. Some areas like Yaowarat have been placed in the Red Zone, which allows full access to development projects in the area, even though it is packed with 100-year-old buildings. The BMA could prevent such oversights by being stricter with their city planning, but as yet they haven’t been.


Sirinee Arunanond: Charoenchai Community, Yaowarat

What needs to be done to improve conservation in Bangkok?
I want the BMA to work more closely with communities, to find out their wants and needs, before they decide to do anything with the city. For instance, with the MRT coming to Yaowarat, many people stand to be affected. We tried negotiating with the BMA to keep the 100-year-old buildings in front of the Charoenchai community as the entrance to the MRT station but they refused. They said they will build a new entrance in the old architectural style, but, honestly, how can this compare to the original buildings? The new city plan is worrying us, too. With Yaowarat in the Red Zone, we don’t know which old buildings are going to be torn down in the future. Yaowarat is unique, with a history dating back to the early Rattanakosin era. 100% of Bangkok’s tourists come here and are drawn to its charm, but who will protect it?

DISABILITY-FRIENDLY CITY

Monthein Buntan: Senator and member of United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

What do you make of the candidates’ disability policies?
None of them have good visions for how to make Bangkok a disability-friendly city. The city planning and transport has never been designed to serve all people. Administrators just install whatever comes to mind without a master plan. Anyway, while the governor can’t change aspects of the city that are fully developed, he can improve things like footpaths and ensure they are clean and clear to best serve peoples’ needs.

What is the biggest challenge to developing Bangkok?
No one has the full power to develop this city. It ends up being all the different sectors carrying out what concerns them. Running Bangkok is a really big challenge as it is a big city with no city plan. This could change with the involvement of all sectors of society in matters of city management. The people must be put first and the governor must work closely with them. When the majority of society joins together and agrees that things should be developed a certain way, the government and politicians can’t stand in their way. It’s the power of the people.

What should be the blueprint for Bangkok’s future development?
Bangkok must be developed with the principals of universal design in mind. Administrators should stop trying to sell Bangkok as a shopping haven and focus on developing the city to sustainably serve all kinds of people, and I’m not just talking about the disabled. This kind of development would have wide-scale economic benefits for our country, as we could attract richer and older tourists. Tourists would pay well and stay longer if the city were designed to be more friendly for everyone. So many projects for the disabled are done without continuity. The government should build a system to serve people, not just make people adjust to poor facilities.

WALKING-FRIENDLY CITY

Ratchapol Kraijirachote: Owner of Center One Shopping Plaza and member of We Love Victory Monument Group

What’s happening at Victory Monument?
The public spaces around Victory Monument are being encroached upon by vendors and minivans. These spaces were meant as a garden and memorials to war veterans, but when Samak Sunthornvej was governor, the BMA gave concessions to private companies to rent the spaces claiming it would improve the landscape. But it turned out that the company just built stalls and sub-leased the spaces to vendors—now it’s a mess with beer parks and market stalls everywhere. The BMA has assigned only seven tessakit (municipal officers) to the area, so it’s hard for them to supervise it all.

What sort of change is your group pushing for?
When the contract neared completion last year, we tried to block its renewal. But the BMA’s Traffic and Transportation Department went ahead and renewed it, despite our objections. We are still trying to stop the company’s construction work by urging the BMA to halt the plan, but they said they would let the project finish first before seeing what can be changed. That’s absurd. Why wait when they can stop it easily now? When new vendors set up shop in the future, it’s only going to be harder to change.

Why should the BMA listen?
The BMA only gets about B4 million a year from this contract. This is small change compared to what we have lost. Some 400,000 people visit Victory Monument everyday—what about their convenience? If we let this mess grow, there will be no footpaths for pedestrians. And don’t even get me started about the number of vans parked all over Victory Monument, because this should be the responsibility of the Department of Land Transportation and police. We need effective space management to ensure Victory Monument looks its most beautiful.
http://bk.asia-city.com/city-living/...013-ngo-policy
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Old July 16th, 2013, 11:57 PM   #88
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Energy minister to outline plan for rooftop solar panels
Watcharapong Thongrung
The Nation

Energy Minister Pongsak Ruktapongpisal plans to submit to the Energy Policy and Planning Office on Tuesday a proposal to promote electricity generation via solar panels installed on rooftops of houses, buildings, offices and factories.

For 2013-14, the ministry will propose a promotional electricity rate in the form of a feed tariff for 25 years for three groups of solar electricity producers. General residences will be entitled to support of Bt6.69 per unit; small and medium-sized enterprises (producing 10-250 megawatts of electricity) will get Bt6.55 per unit; and medium-to-large factories (producing more than 250MW) will get Bt6.16 per unit.

Pongsak expects this project to result in at least 200MW of electricity generated by rooftop solar panels. The impact of this support on the fuel tariff (Ft) rate will be about Bt0.50 per unit. In addition, there will be tax breaks, after the Energy Ministry consults with the Finance Ministry.

The Energy Ministry will brief Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra on Tuesday afternoon on the rise in world oil prices after the political turmoil in Egypt. The ministry can still cap the retail diesel price at Bt30 a litre as the Oil Fund still shows a surplus of Bt4 billion. However, the crude-oil price is expected to rise to US$106-108 a barrel late this year on softening demand after the United States produces more oil and gas from shale. Moreover, the winter season in Europe typically reduces the demand for oil for transporting goods.

As for the electricity cost in the second half of this year, it is likely that the Ft will rise by about Bt2.80 per unit to reflect the higher costs caused by the weak baht and the higher price of natural gas. With support from the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, the Ft rate could be maintained for a bit longer, Pongsak said.

Beginning on September 1, the price of liquefied petroleum gas for the household sector will begin rising by Bt0.50 per kilogram per month until the increases total Bt6 per kilo, which will result in the price of cooking gas rising from Bt18.13 per kilo to Bt24.82. Pongsak said this would not adversely affect low-income households that consume no more than 90 units of electricity, or about 7.5 million households without access to electricity, as they can still buy cooking gas (a maximum of 6kg per month) at the current price.
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/busi...-30210294.html
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Old July 30th, 2013, 10:17 AM   #89
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Thailand and Germany reached strategic partnership agreement in the area of green economy



PM Yingluck’s official visit to the Federal Republic of Germany, recently helps achieve the strategic partnership agreement in the area of green economy, the economic system that will not only improve the quality of life of people today but also create sustainability and enable future generations to enjoy abundant natural resources and ecosystem.

Thailand’s interests in sustainable development, a pattern of economic growth in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come, can be seen in the 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan which gave precedence to the word “green economy” by focusing on the improvement of production base of both product and service through knowledge and creativity, building food and energy stability and security, adjusting production infrastructure to be environmentally-friendly, building stability in terms of natural resources and immunity to prepare for the effect of natural disasters and climate change.

The Federal Republic of Germany has an important role in the global sustainable development and natural resources preservation arena. Moreover, Germany has advanced technology and expertise in various specialties. Germany’s strong green economy development is the result of the domestic industrial development that depends on production with limited resources leading to the development of renewable energy and technology to increase efficiency in energy consumption. With the same goal, Thailand and Germany can share knowledge and exchange technology as well as experts so that green economy in Thailand can develop at a faster pace. Currently, existing cooperating projects include the study and execution on climate change, energy-related projects e.g. Thailand-Germany biogas project, water resources management and ecosystem water management.

As the result of the discussion, both Thai and German premiers assured that cooperation on green economy will be continued to establish strategic partnership status. The cooperation will include both the continue of existing projects and the start of new projects to yield further benefit starting with the transfer of knowledge in areas that Thailand still needs for example architect and engineer training on green building design and construction and advanced technology e.g. the production of bio-plastic from cassava and the production of energy from waste.

The Federal Republic of Germany is also widely accepted on the quality of its vocational curriculum. Thailand and Germany has cooperated on education development for more than 50 years starting with academic support to enhance the ability of Thai education through GTZ organization. Distinguished project includes the founding of Technical North Bangkok vocational school or Thailand-Germany Technical School. At the present, German institutes still support Thailand on research cooperation and direct cooperation with universities.

The strategic partnership involves

• Dual education support: the project allows students to receive both theoretical and practical knowledge. Thai vocational students will receive the opportunity to enhance their practical knowledge in German companies.

• Internship program for German youth: German students can help teach German and English in Thai schools. The project is supported by the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

• Trilateral cooperation: Thai education institutes can co-organize trainings with German institutes to support the third country.

• Germany will support students from the 3rd batch of the one district one scholarship program on language. Germany ranks no.4 as the most popular target countries for students in the program for the last two batches. This cooperation will enable Thai students to better access standard education institutes and hence uplift Thai education to the international standard. These students can later use the knowledge to sustainably develop Thailand.
http://www.thaigov.go.th/en/news-roo...n-economy.html
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Old July 30th, 2013, 10:31 AM   #90
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Renewable sources needed to shape Thailand's future green energy economy
By Chanathip Pharino and Pongsak Hoontrakul

Thailand now uses fossil fuels for a large proportion of its energy sources for power generation. But that must change if the country is to secure its long-term energy supplies and its global competitiveness.

Currently, renewable energy generation accounts for only 15 percent of Thailand's total energy generation (the rest comes from natural gas and coal). That's left Thailand vulnerable to fluctuations in energy prices from international suppliers for many years.

The "green energy economy" model is based on using renewable energy as a supplemental (or even in the long term, a primary) source of energy while sustaining environmental conditions. Thailand has high potential with renewable and alternative energy sources including wind power, solar power, hydroelectric power, biofuel and nuclear power. Except for nuclear power, current technologies for all these sources are already well-established here. Costs, finding suitable sites, and long-term government support are the main factors affecting the rate of investment. To be commercially viable, for example, both wind and solar power require large areas with optimal wind speed or light intensity and connections to the national power grid.

Thailand's target is to have 800 megawatts of installed capacity of wind power but right now it has only 5 mw. (One mw can supply the simultaneous, 1-hour needs of about 500 houses with an average demand of 2 kw per house.) Government subsidies for wind power development have spurred private sector investment. Two wind farm projects are under construction in Nakorn Ratchasima province in the northeast and will be operational by the end of this year with a combined capacity of 200 mw.

Thailand also is very well suited for solar farm development. The country has long peak sun hours and low land costs in many suitable areas. As of early 2011, Thailand had almost 60 mw of solar power installed capacity; its target is 500 mw by 2020. To encourage investments by private companies, the government provides much higher subsidies for solar power generation than it does for wind power. It costs much more to invest in solar energy than it does to invest in conventional sources. Advancements in technology will undoubtedly lower costs. That and the high government subsidies should spur future solar investment in Thailand.

Hydroelectric power also has high potential here. Thailand has extensive experience with hydroelectric dams. Dams owned and operated by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand represented almost 14 percent of the country's total hydroelectric energy generating capacity in 2010. A large hydroelectric dam also can be used for irrigation control and flood management. The country's largest multipurpose hydroelectric dam, the Bhumibol Dam, is a very cost-effective generator, according to a 2006 Egat study. The study identified more than 100 sites in Thailand with potential for hydroelectric power. As in many other countries, a key issue with hydroelectric power in Thailand is opposition by the people, especially those living along the project sites. Thus, future development may be limited to small-scale projects that are the most economical and environmentally friendly.

With a combination of mature technology and huge agricultural stocks, Thailand also has strong potential in biofuel (which are converted from the material of living organisms). In Thailand, ethanol is produced from sugar molasses and tapioca. Current production is far short of the government target, but production is trending upward this year with five new plants expected to be added to the existing 19 plants. Last year, production was estimated at 1.45 million liters per day, about 40 percent of the target for 2012-2016. The future shift to second-generation feedstock, which has dramatically higher yields, will reduce the pressure to use food stocks for biofuel production.

Thailand has been making plans to develop nuclear power since 1966. Plans are for the first nuclear power plant to start operating in 2020 and the second plant in 2021. The two plants are expected to together provide about 5 percent of the country's total power generation in 2021. As in other countries, the key issues here are the development of the technology, safety, and public acceptance. Thus, nuclear power is more suitable as a longer-term energy source.

In Thailand, the government is the sole buyer of electricity. Thus it is important for the government to consistently support the development of alternative energy sources. Under the government's Alternatives Energy Development Plan, renewable energy is to constitute 20 percent of total energy consumption by 2022. In addition, the government wants to make Thailand the ASEAN region's hub for biofuel and for renewable energy technology. To achieve this, the government will have to promote research and development in technologies and provide financial and regulatory incentives for private investment. The critical questions are which of the renewable energy technologies should receive priority, and how to promote them in a cost-effective manner.

---

Chanathip Pharino is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. Pongsak Hoontrakul is a senior research fellow at Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration, Chulalongkorn University. This article reflects their personal opinions, not those of Sasin or Chulalongkorn University.
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/busi...-30184659.html
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Old August 10th, 2013, 01:12 AM   #91
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AEC calls for sustainable, green regional economy
Somluck Srimalee
The Nation August 10, 2013 1:00 am

The Asean Economic Community (AEC) will provide opportunities throughout the region to establish green businesses for sustainable growth, experts told a seminar yesterday.

"Sustainability Trends: Keys for Green Business in AEC" was held by the Industry Ministry's Department of Industrial Promotion, the Thailand Environment Institute Foundation, Dow Chemical Thailand Ltd, the Thai-US Creative Partnership, the National Research Council of Thailand, and Krungtep Turakij Media Co.

Dr Cielito Habito, chief of party for the US Agency for International Development Trade-Related Assistance for Development (TRADE) project at Deloitte Consulting, said the AEC would drive the region's economy more through intra-trade than competition.

For example, Thailand imports petroleum and chemicals from the Philippines. After that Thailand produces finished products that it exports back to the Philippines, including motor vehicles, electronics and electrical appliances.

"We believe that the AEC will create more benefit and global value chains or production networks [among] the member countries than competition," he said.

Rae Kwon Chung, director of the environment and sustainable development division of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), said ASEAN members had to be concerned about the tendency to ignore environmental and social costs of production to lower prices.

He added that when the AEC is fully formed in 2015, it would increase the free flow of goods, services and labour. This will accelerate price competition, triggering a race to the lowest short-term market price, but will also consume more natural resources, affecting the countries' environments in long term. That is why ASEAN countries have to concern themselves with the environment by developing green economies.

Setting such priorities would also ensure the region's sustainable growth in the long term, he said.

He added that this meant developing efficient, high-technology production processes that use fewer natural resources.

"Green business is the strategy to cope with resource and climate crises and to sustain growth necessary to reduce poverty," he said.

UNESCAP's research shows that global green business can be expected to grow by 4 per cent annually. The market involves 1.4 million companies and employs 28 million people. Low-carbon sectors have been growing through the economic crisis and consumers are increasingly interested in purchasing green products. Clean-energy projects surged to a record US$41.8 billion (Bt1.3 trillion) in 2011, sales of organic foods and drinks reached $60 billion in 2010, and sales of sustainable forest projects quadrupled between 2005 and 2007. However, it requires cooperation between the private and public sectors, said Anbumozhi Venkatachalam, capacity building specialist at the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI).

He added that green business would create job opportunities in the field of low-carbon energy and also support ASEAN countries' sustainable growth. But it needed support by governments, which need to establish firm and predictable frameworks for greening all aspects of the economy, with the help of business incentives and reformed tax and subsidy policies.

"When a country moves towards a green economy, it needs more research and development programmes to shift decisively towards clean technologies, energy and material efficiency and sustainable workplace practices, as well as towards environmental restoration and climate adaptation. That needs support by government. It cannot be done by the private sector alone," he said.

He added that ADBI also supported all of the countries in the region undertaking infrastructure projects that develop the use of green energy.

Sophon Pholprasit, director-general of the Department of Industrial Promotion, said the Industry Ministry had a 2012-31 master plan to put Thailand's industrial sector on a creative and sustainable path to link with the rest of the region. Green industry is also part of this master plan.

"We believe that we have to cooperate with the private sector to drive the country's industry to be green within 20 years under this master plan," he said.
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/busi...-30212293.html
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Old August 10th, 2013, 04:30 PM   #92
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Pun Pun Bike Share program in Bangkok!







Bike sharing has been around for some time especially in Western countries so I was amazed to see this program in all places - jam packed super polluted Bangkok. It makes such perfect sense as the roads are choc-a-bloc and travelling a mere 5km can take up to 1 hour in peak traffic. A motorcycle taxi will cover this in 10 mins but we got lobbed with a 100B vs a 30B fare on the train fare.

Tourist price I supposed. I had a chance to talk with the operator and found out that it costs only 320B per year to join (which is US$13) and each ride is a mere 10B (3 cents).

What helps is that you can travel to over 50 stations around the city and just leave the bicycle at any of the 12 BTS stations from - Silom, to MBK all the way to Central World. There is even a Personal Accident Insurance that covers up to 50000B or US$1800 though medical expense claim is a paltry 500B or US$18.



It is also commendable of the Thai City Council to provide bike lanes but I noticed this is also illegally used by the many mopeds, often zipping at pretty high speeds. That said, it is better than no bike lanes.

On my next visit to Bangkok, I certainly must give it to go. I reckon I can do 5km in 15 mins and the challenge is to beat those motorbike taxis. It can be done! Anyone wants to join me in the great Bangkok bicycle race?
http://lovethefold.blogspot.com/2013...n-bangkok.html
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Old August 15th, 2013, 04:04 AM   #93
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Joint meet on criteria for participants in solar scheme
WATCHARAPONG THONRUNG
THE NATION August 15, 2013 1:00 am

THE ENERGY MINISTRY will hold a meeting with agencies and state enterprises this month to discuss the criteria for selecting participants in the community solar power-plant project.

Among those taking part will be the National Village and Urban Community Fund Office, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand and the Provincial Electricity Authority, Energy Minister Pongsak Ruktapongpisal said yesterday.

One of the likely criteria is that participating communities must be situated in favourable locations, such as those with exposure to strong sunlight and access to power-transmission lines.

Pongsak said he wanted to see the communities owning the plants themselves, and that private firms should not be allowed to take part in the project, which is designed to help communities generate income.

The feed-in tariff (FIT) for the community plants is attractive enough to encourage financial institutions to lend to them, he maintained.

The FIT for community power plants is Bt9.75 per unit during the first three years, Bt6.50 from the fourth to the 10th year, and Bt4.50 from the 11th to 25th year.

The solar plants are expected to start feeding power next year, and the project is expected to generate income of Bt79.5 million per community throughout 25 years.

The ministry will advise the communities on how to seek funding and the standard of the equipment to be used in plant establishment.

Pongsak estimates that a community will need to invest only Bt60 million per megawatt, because of the declining cost of solar panels.

Investment boom

Solar-power industrialists expect investment in solar panels and related businesses to boom after the National Energy Policy Council recently increased the target for overall solar power production to 3 gigawatts, from 2GW, as well as announcing the 25-year FIT for rooftop solar panels and community-based solar plants.

The long-awaited announcement of the attractive FIT rate will attract a great number of producers and pave the way for growth of solar-panel and related businesses, they predict.

The council raised its target for non-fossil-fuel energy sources to 13.9GW from 9.2GW under the revised Alternative Energy Development Plan (2012-21).

It endorsed the revised targets of wind power to 1.8GW from 1.2GW, solar power to 3GW from 2GW, biomass to 4.8GW from 3.6GW, garbage-based power to 400MW from 160MW, biogas to 3.6GW from 600MW, and hydropower to 324MW from 1.6GW.

The biogas target was increased sharply because of the use of Napier grass, while the hydropower target was cut significantly. Of the 1GW increase in the solar-power target, 800MW will be from community-based solar-power plants and the remainder from rooftop panels.
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/busi...-30212639.html
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Old August 17th, 2013, 06:05 PM   #94
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เพจบิ๊กทรี
"ทางขึ้นเขาใหญ่บ้านเขา ll ทางขึ้นเขาใหญ่บ้านเรา"
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ของเมืองนอกเอาถนนช่วงจะขึ้นเขาอยู่แล้วมาใช้
ของเขาใหญ่เอาถนนที่วิ่งผ่านเขตที่อยู่อาศัยมาใช้ แทนที่จะใช้ถนนขึ้นเขาใหญ่ที่กำลังจะขึ้นเขา
แล้วบอกว่าของเขาดี เขาเราแย่
อยากให้กลุ่มกิจกรรมแนวนี้ใช้ความจริงมาแสดงแบบจริงใจมากกว่าการบิดเล็กเบือนหน่อยเพื่อโน้วน้าวสร้างกระแส
มันทำให้คุณค่าและเจตนาที่แท้จริงดูน่าสงสัย


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จริงๆเอาแบบนี้มาเทียบกันจะแฟร์กว่าไหม


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Old August 18th, 2013, 08:13 PM   #95
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Something to ponder:
How do you think our ASEAN cities should be in the upcoming future? more trees, more public areas, better transportation systems, underground cables, etc?

Look at the opinion in those link and think about this!
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Old August 19th, 2013, 08:26 AM   #96
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Green push for Samui tourism
Bamrung Amnatcharoenrit
The Nation
Koh Samui August 14, 2013 1:00 am



The tourism sector on Koh Samui plans to put a major effort into promoting the tropical-beach haven as a low-carbon destination within the next three to five years.

The goal is to increase the island's tourism revenue, which the industry hopes will be driven by room rates rising by between 30 and 50 per cent. Samui's tourism income last year was worth more than Bt15 billion.

However, the island requires somewhere between Bt5 billion and Bt8 billion in order to develop a low-carbon infrastructure and is hoping a major part of the funding will come from government sources, Tanongsak Somwong, president of the Tourism Association of Koh Samui, said yesterday.

Despite the financial challenge, all stakeholders should work in harmony to achieve the low-carbon goal, he said, acknowledging that it was time to slow the rapid pace of the island's development in order to place more emphasis on quality over quantity via infrastructure-improvement projects to sustain long-term growth.

Twarath Sutabtr, deputy director-general of the Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Department, said it was time for Samui to be reshaped for sustainable growth.

It is clear that current infrastructure development cannot cope with the island's rapid tourism-industry growth, he said.

Samui was chosen by an Apec (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum) tourism working group to be a pioneer low-carbon model town for tourism in Asia-Pacific.

The Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Department then carried out research into how this could be achieved and promoted.

The agency concluded that the white-sand-beach island needed to define clearer strategies for its development.

A key requirement is to map out a zoning plan for its growth in order to keep the environment green, especially as it has been threatened by the rising number of new hotel openings. For example, it has to amend the current regulation prohibiting hotel construction to go higher than 12 metres.

The restriction leads to hotels expanding on the ground rather than skywards, and eventually harms the environment over a wider area.

A revised regulation should allow construction above 12-metres high, but only in designated areas, said Twarath.

Another key factor is that Samui should not rely heavily on its energy being supplied from non-island sources.

At present, 100 per cent of its electricity supply comes via four underwater cables. This leaves the island at risk in the event of a natural disaster or accident, with the danger of its power supply being cut completely.

Samui consumes up to 90 megawatts of electricity at peak times, with demand having increased 20 per cent annually, against the country's average power-demand growth of only 3-4 per cent a year.

Twarath said it was essential for the island to seek alternative-energy sources, with about 50 per cent being supplied itself from energy sources such as wind, solar, water and garbage (biogas).

However, he said it was too early to go into details of potential alternative-energy projects, in which it was likely that the private sector would be invited to invest.

Importantly, the island should place more emphasis on promoting ecotourism and other travel lifestyles, with low-carbon hotels being the main accommodation focus, said the official.
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/busi...-30212567.html
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Old August 22nd, 2013, 07:59 PM   #97
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เปิดร่างยุทธศาสตร์การเติบโตที่เป็นมิตรกับสิ่งแวดล้อมของประเทศไทย

วันอาทิตย์ที่ 18 สิงหาคม 2013 เวลา 16:30 น.

ปลายเดือนมกราคม 2556 รัฐบาลนายกฯยิ่งลักษณ์ได้ประกาศยุทธศาสตร์การขับเคลื่อนประเทศเพื่อสร้างฐานเศรษฐกิจที่มั่นคงและยั่งยืนของประเทศ (New Growth Model) ในช่วง 10 -15 ปีข้างหน้า โดยมี 4 ยุทธศาสตร์สำคัญ ได้แก่ ยุทธศาสตร์ที่ 1 การสร้างความสามารถในการแข่งขัน ( Growth & Competitiveness)

เพื่อหลุดพ้นจากประเทศรายได้ปานกลาง เป้าหมายคือ เศรษฐกิจขยายตัว รายได้ต่อหัวเพิ่มขึ้น ยุทธศาสตร์ที่ 2 การสร้างโอกาสความเสมอภาคและความเท่าเทียมกันทางสังคม (Inclusive Growth) เพื่อลดความเหลื่อมล้ำ เป้าหมาย คือ ความยากจนลดลง และมีการกระจายรายได้มากขึ้น ยุทธศาสตร์ที่ 3 การสร้างการเติบโตบนคุณภาพชีวิตที่เป็นมิตรต่อสิ่งแวดล้อม (Green Growth) เป้าหมาย คือ ลดการปล่อยก๊าซเรือนกระจก และพัฒนาเศรษฐกิจควบคู่ไปกับการใช้ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติอย่างยั่งยืน และ ยุทธศาสตร์ที่ 4 การปรับสมดุลและปรับระบบการบริหารจัดการภาครัฐ (Internal Process) มีเป้าหมาย คือ กลไกภาครัฐมีประสิทธิภาพ มีความโปร่งใส

สำหรับยุทธศาสตร์ Green Growth ได้มอบหมายให้กระทรวงทรัพยากรธรรมชาติและสิ่งแวดล้อมโดยสำนักงานนโยบายและแผนทรัพยากรธรรมชาติและสิ่งแวดล้อมไปจัดทำเป็น "ร่างยุทธศาสตร์การเติบโตที่เป็นมิตรกับสิ่งแวดล้อม" มีระยะเวลาดำเนินการในช่วงแรก 4 ปี ระหว่างปี 2557-2561 หลังจากที่กระทรวงทรัพยากรธรรมชาติฯ ได้รับมอบการบ้านไปทำมาระยะหนึ่ง มีการจัดประชุมหน่วยงานที่เกี่ยวข้องหลายครั้งเพื่อจัดทำร่างยุทธศาสตร์ เมื่อวันที่ 31 กรกฎาคม 2556 ที่ผ่านมาทางกระทรวงได้จัดเวทีการประชุมใหญ่รับฟังความคิดเห็นต่อร่างยุทธศาสตร์ฯ ดังกล่าว เพื่อนำความคิดเห็นข้อเสนอแนะจากผู้ที่มีส่วนเกี่ยวข้องมาปรับปรุงร่างยุทธศาสตร์ ก่อนที่จะนำเสนอต่อนายกรัฐมนตรีต่อไป

ร่างยุทธศาสตร์การเติบโตที่เป็นมิตรกับสิ่งแวดล้อมประกอบด้วย 4 ยุทธศาสตร์หลัก ได้แก่ การส่งเสริมการผลิตและการบริการที่เป็นมิตรต่อสิ่งแวดล้อม การส่งเสริมการลดการปล่อยก๊าซเรือนกระจกและการรับมือกับการเปลี่ยนแปลงภูมิอากาศ การบริหารจัดการทุนทางทรัพยากรธรรมชาติและสิ่งแวดล้อม และการสร้างสังคมที่เป็นมิตรต่อสิ่งแวดล้อม โดยแต่ละยุทธศาสตร์จะมีตัวชี้วัดเป้าหมายที่ชัดเจน ตัวอย่างตัวชี้วัดที่น่าสนใจและท้าทาย เช่น จำนวนจังหวัดที่ได้รับการประกาศและบังคับใช้ผังเมืองเพิ่มขึ้น จำนวนเมืองอุตสาหกรรมนิเวศเพิ่มขึ้น 10 แห่ง ความสำเร็จของการจัดทำโซนนิ่งภาคเกษตร มีการปฏิรูประบบภาษีเพื่อสิ่งแวดล้อม มีการปรับปรุงกฎหมายเกี่ยวกับการบริหารจัดการทรัพยากรธรรมชาติและสิ่งแวดล้อมที่แล้วเสร็จและประกาศใช้ไม่ต่ำกว่า 5 ฉบับ ฯลฯ

กลไกในการขับเคลื่อนยุทธศาสตร์ Green Growth ไปสู่การปฏิบัติ จะใช้กลไก "คณะกรรมการการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน" เป็นกลไกขับเคลื่อนหลัก คณะกรรมการชุดนี้เพิ่งจัดตั้งขึ้นตามมติคณะรัฐมนตรีเมื่อวันที่ 18 กันยายน 2555 มีนายกรัฐมนตรีเป็นประธาน มีรัฐมนตรีจากเกือบทุกกระทรวงเป็นกรรมการ โดยมีกระทรวงทรัพยากรธรรมชาติฯ เป็นฝ่ายเลขานุการ

การจัดตั้งคณะกรรมการการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน เป็นผลสืบเนื่องจากข้อสรุปการประชุมสหประชาชาติว่าด้วยการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน หรือ Rio+20 (มิ.ย.2555) ที่ทำให้กระแสแนวคิดเรื่องการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืนกลับมาได้รับความสนใจอีกครั้ง พร้อมกับแนวคิดเรื่องเศรษฐกิจสีเขียว ก่อนหน้านี้ประเทศไทยเคยจัดตั้ง คณะกรรมการการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืนในลักษณะเดียวกันในช่วงรัฐบาลนายกรัฐมนตรีทักษิณ (ปี 2546) ซึ่งเป็นผลสืบเนื่องจากการประชุม Rio+10 การจัดตั้งคณะกรรมการดังกล่าวของทั้งสองรัฐบาลสะท้อนถึงอิทธิพลจากกระแสโลกาภิวัตน์ด้านสิ่งแวดล้อมที่ส่งผลต่อการปรับนโยบายและกลไกภายในประเทศ

เป้าหมายหลักสำคัญของคณะกรรมการการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน คือ การทำให้ยุทธศาสตร์การเติบโตที่เป็นมิตรกับสิ่งแวดล้อมเกิดผลจริงในทางปฏิบัติ ซึ่งหากทำได้เพียง 1 ใน 4 ของยุทธศาสตร์และเป้าหมายตัวชี้วัดที่กำหนดไว้ ก็ถือว่าเป็นความสำเร็จอย่างสูง

จนถึงปัจจุบัน ยังไม่ได้มีการประชุมครั้งแรกของคณะกรรมการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน ในการประชุมครั้งแรกขอเสนอประเด็นพิจารณาว่า ทำอย่างไรจะทำให้นโยบาย แผน และการดำเนินงานของหน่วยงานต่างๆ มุ่งสู่เป้าหมายร่วมกัน คือ "การพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน" ไม่เกิดความขัดแย้งกันระหว่างยุทธศาสตร์ทั้ง 4 ด้านภายใต้ยุทธศาสตร์การขับเคลื่อนประเทศของรัฐบาล รวมทั้งไม่เกิดความขัดแย้งระหว่างยุทธศาสตร์ Green Growth กับนโยบายและแผนพัฒนาด้านเศรษฐกิจต่างๆ อีกเป็นจำนวนมาก (หลายแผนพัฒนาก็มีนายกรัฐมนตรีนั่งเป็นประธานคณะกรรมการเช่นกัน) ซึ่งอาจมีเป้าหมายและตัวชี้วัดไม่สอดคล้องหรือขัดแย้งกับตัวชี้วัดที่กำหนดไว้ในยุทธศาสตร์ Green Growth ทั้งนี้ เพื่อไม่ให้เกิดปัญหาซ้ำรอยเหมือนในอดีต ซึ่งเป็นผลทำให้คณะกรรมการการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืนที่ตั้งขึ้นในปี 2546 ประชุมกันได้เพียงสองครั้งเท่านั้น

กลายเป็นปัญหาว่า แม้แต่ตัวคณะกรรมการการพัฒนาที่ยั่งยืน ก็ไม่มีความยั่งยืน

จากหนังสือพิมพ์ฐานเศรษฐกิจ ปีที่ 33 ฉบับที่ 2,871 วันที่ 18 -21 สิงหาคม พ.ศ.

http://www.thanonline.com/index.php?...-26&Itemid=423
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Old August 31st, 2013, 05:03 PM   #98
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PTT, TOT sign joint MoU on green ICT use
Watcharapong Thongrung
The Nation August 31, 2013 1:00 am


PTT and TOT yesterday signed a memorandum of understanding on drawing up guidelines on environmentally friendly use of information and communications technology.

The deal on ICT sustainable development was signed by PTT chief executive officer Pailin Chuchottaworn and TOT president Yongyuth Wattanasin. The signing ceremony was chaired by ICT Minister Anudith Nakornthap.

Changes in internal processes

The collaboration will see PTT change its internal processes to focus on the use of ICT in an environmentally friendly way.

The oil company and the state telecom agency will set up a joint panel to determine an action plan and goals and criteria for ICT use, intended as a model for other organisations in the public and private sectors.

One example is the procurement of walkie-talkies. The panel will determine the conditions for the procurement in that 65 per cent of the packages of such devices must be recyclable, and the suppliers will be required to manage the disposal of used batteries.

The two firms will jointly determine how many items they can apply this "green procurement" concept to.

Anudith said this cooperation would establish a green model for ICT, encouraging organisations to strive not only towards economic goals but for environmental protection.

This project will not only improve operational efficiency of the organisations, but will also preserve the well-being of communities and the environment, the minister said.
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/busi...-30213795.html
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Old October 13th, 2013, 10:33 AM   #99
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It’s Easy Being Green
Help save our beloved planet, starting with Bangkok.

By Jennifer Chen | Oct 12, 2006



Global warming scares the bejesus out of us. It’s been giving us more nightmares since we watched the documentary about former US Vice President Al Gore’s spine-chilling slideshow on climate change, An Inconvenient Truth.

Basically, the story goes like this: Since the Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century, the world’s climate hasn’t changed very much. Temperatures inched up in the early part of the 20th century, then fell a bit. Then temperatures started to creep up again.

Seems normal, right? But this time around, scientists are worried that the planet is heating up a lot quicker than it normally would. The UN reckons temperatures worldwide will rise between 1.4 and 5.8 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. What’s causing this? Just look around you: cars belching exhaust, offices and apartments running their air conditioning units at full tilt, and factories gobbling up electricity which is in turn being fired up from coal. All these things are exhaling carbon dioxide at record levels.

Sure, we need carbon dioxide and other “greenhouse” gases in order to make the Earth inhabitable—they create a layer in the atmosphere that helps trap solar energy and thus, warms the planet’s surface. The problem is that we’ve been wantonly burning fossil fuels like oil, gas and coal, and that has added way too much carbon dioxide. At the same time, we’ve mowed down too many trees that would otherwise have helped absorb that nasty CO2. Thus, the surface temperature of the planet rises to unhealthy levels… and this time it might not drop.

Greenland and Antarctica are effectively defrosting because of hotter temperatures, making sea levels rise. If this defrosting continues at its present rate, coastal cities like Hong Kong and New York could lose major parts of their livable areas in the next ten years. This in turn would displace millions of people, simply because their homes are under water. A permanent heat wave also means mosquitoes can breed at higher altitudes, bringing with them malaria, dengue fever, encephalitis and other horrible brain-boiling diseases. Animals such as polar bears are rapidly losing their habitats and food sources, and in turn breaking down delicately balanced food chains. And last but not least, so-called extreme weather—droughts and storms—is becoming more and more common.

So, looks like the choices are either to invest in more summer wear or take a stab at a more environmentally friendly existence. The experts tell us all this is still preventable—if we do something about it now. How about it, Bangkok? Though Toyota Priuses and cloth diaper services haven’t made it here yet, here are some suggestions for living green in the City of Fumes.

Take public transportation, walk or bike

It’s no secret that cars are huge carbon emitters, and the transportation problem is something of a vicious circle in Bangkok. People insist on driving their cars or taking taxis, therefore clogging the streets with more carbon dioxide-spewing vehicles and ultimately raising the temperature. The next time you’re sitting in rage-inducing traffic or complaining about the air quality, remember this: The more people who take public transportation or decide to take a bike or walk, the fewer cars there are on the streets. Besides, walking and biking are cheap, good exercise.

Even as recent as 10 years ago, bicycles were a much more common sight on the streets. At that time, cycling was not just for leisure, but a part of our everyday lives. Why can’t we bring those good old memories back again? If you think no one bikes in Bangkok anymore, think again. A visit to the website of the Thailand Cycling Club (www.thaicycling.com) will surely change your mind. The site features the bicycle law for free download, bicycle recycling projects, trips, tips and techniques for newbies.

Make your office environmentally friendly

The office is where we cogs-in-the-machine spend most of the day, so why not launch your green revolution there? Start saving energy by turning up the thermostat a notch (everyone wears a sweater at work already) and making sure the lights are turned off at night. Unplug those mobile phone chargers and other machines that aren’t being used–they still eat up energy even when they’re not being used. Don’t print documents out unless you really need them and use both sides of the paper. And when you can, take the stairs instead of the elevator, you lazy bum.

Make your home greener

The same rules that apply for the office are good for your home, as well. Don’t blast the air conditioning in every room, and clean out the filters while you’re at it—this makes the A/C more energy-efficient by up to 15%. Use energy-efficient light bulbs—they sell them at Carrefour. Dry your laundry on a clothes rack. And take more cold showers. Who needs a hot shower in 36-degree heat? Finally, don’t use your washing machine or dishwasher unless you have a full load—both these machines are huge energy eaters and they waste lots of another precious resource, water. Speaking of water…

Cut down on water use

The next world war isn’t going to be over oil. It’s going to be over water. We may be surrounded by it, but most of our planet’s water isn’t drinkable. In fact, less than 3 percent of it is usable. According to the UN, in 1995, it was estimated that 1.76 billion people worldwide didn’t have enough water. Over the next 20 years, that number is going to soar to about 5.5 billion—and that estimate was made before the anxiety about global warming kicked in.

Luckily, cutting down on water use is relatively easy as long as you don’t have an enormous lawn or a special affinity for hot baths. Make sure you fix leaky faucets as soon as you notice them—one leaky faucet can equal liters of wasted water per day.

Cutting down on water use is easy with a little smart shopping. Look around Home Pro (Home Pro Ploen Chit, 55 Wave Place Bldg., Wireless Rd., 02-655-3400. Open daily 10am-9pm), where you can find tons of energy-saving equipment. At B200-B300, you can buy a filter for your tap, which increases oxygen levels by adding more bubbles in the water. As a result, you not only save water and money, but also produce a softer touch.

The toilet is another big water waster. If you rent an apartment or can’t afford a water efficient toilet, try putting a brick in your toilet tank. Sounds weird, but anything that takes up room back there will decrease the amount of water the tank uses per flush (don’t worry, it’ll still go down). Another option is less flushing. Some find the principle of “when it’s yellow, let it mellow; when it’s brown, flush it down” to work rather well, but that can be used at your own discretion.

Recycle or sort your garbage

How is recycling connected to global warming? Not only is it good for the environment in decreasing the amount of waste going to the landfill, but recycling can also help slow global warming because less energy goes into producing whatever you just chucked in the bin. Especially when it comes to recycling paper: It takes 70-90% less energy to make recycled paper and stops people from chopping down those trees, which naturally absorb carbon dioxide.

The problem in Bangkok is that there isn’t a formal recycling system—but that doesn’t mean recycling doesn’t happen. Bluntly put, people poorer than you are sifting through your garbage, taking out newspapers, glass, plastic and cardboard and bringing it to recycling plants so they can earn a baht or two. Do them a favor and pre-sort your garbage.

But there is a nascent recycling movement in Bangkok: The Thai Environment and Community Development Association is encouraging shopping malls to launch garbage-sorting systems. And last year, a group of Japanese housewives banded together and set up a collection point for styrofoam containers outside Villa Market near Sukhumvit Soi 33. The boxes are picked up every week and recycled.

Reuse and reduce

Most of us think of cars and other fossil fuel-burning machines as the main offenders in global warming, but there’s another big culprit: garbage. Garbage here is either incinerated or dumped in a landfill. Either way, tons of greenhouse gases are released.

Plus, some of your garbage takes a freakishly long time to break down. According to some estimates, plastic bags can take up to a 1,000 years to biodegrade! Long after you and your grandchildren are dead, plastic bags, straws, disposable nappies and Twinkies will continue to fester in the dump. Are you sure you need a plastic bag with that can of soda from Family Mart?

So start simple—refuse one plastic bag a day. If you’re serious about loving the planet, start bringing your own canvas bag to the grocery store. Avoid items that are heavily packaged. Start re-using things such as plastic boxes and bottles. Even better, buy a water bottle and some Tupperware or a lunchbox.

Think green in the supermarket

The first step in the supermarket is to buy local. Flying in produce from Australia uses way more energy than goods trucked in from the provinces—and they’re more expensive, too. Stick to fresh food rather than frozen because it takes more energy to keep things that cold.

Buy organic when you can. Yeah, it’s more expensive, but organic farming methods are more Earth-friendly and result in soil that can store more carbon dioxide (therefore keeping it out of the atmosphere). In contrast, conventional farming relies on nitrogen-based fertilizers, which pollute water sources and contribute to global warming.

Finally, eat less red meat! Cows are big producers of methane because of all that grass swishing around in their multiple stomachs.

Get politically active

Once there is a government in place, start demanding more renewable sources of energy. If protest isn’t your thing, join an organization that’s good at agitation, like Greenpeace.

Plant a tree

One tree can absorb up to a ton of carbon dioxide in its lifetime. Besides, more trees might make Bangkok look prettier.

Jennifer Chen asks, has Thailand been affected by global warming?
http://bk.asia-city.com/city-living/...sy-being-green
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Old October 15th, 2013, 03:46 PM   #100
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มาดูปริมาณซากขยะอิเล็กทรอนิกส์ของประเทศไทยกัน มหาศาลไม่เบา

updated: 15 ต.ค. 2556 เวลา 19:20:35 น.
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โดยปี2555มีปริมาณ19.6ล้านเครื่อง

ปี2556 มีปริมาณ 20.8 ล้านเครื่อง

ปี 2557 มีปริมาณ 22 ล้านเครื่อง

ปี 2558 มีปริมาณ 23.4 ล้านเครื่อง

ปี 2559 มีปริมาณ 27.3 ล้านเครื่อง

เฉพาะปี 2556 มีขยะอิเล็กทรอนิกส์ รวม 20.8 ล้านตัน

แบ่งเป็นโทรทัศน์ 2.4 ล้านเครื่อง กล้องถ่ายภาพและวิดีโอ 785,000 เครื่อง อุปกรณ์เล่นภาพและเสียง 3.3 ล้านเครื่อง เครื่องพิมพ์และโทรสาร 1.5 ล้านเครื่อง โทรศัพท์มือถือและบ้าน 9.1 ล้านเครื่อง คอมพิวเตอร์ส่วนบุคคล 1.9 ล้านเครื่อง เครื่องปรับอากาศ 717,000 เครื่อง และตู้เย็น 872,000 เครื่อง

กรมควบคุมมลพิษระบุว่า ปัจจุบันมีโรงงานคัดแยกและบดย่อยชิ้นส่วนอุปกรณ์ไฟฟ้าอิเล็กทรอนิกส์ 35 แห่ง ยังไม่เพียงพอกับปริมาณขยะอิเล็กทรอนิกส์แต่ละปี ดังนั้นควรออกกฎหมายเกี่ยวกับการกำจัดซาก การเรียกคืน การคัดแยก และการรวบรวมซากผลิตภัณฑ์จากผู้ใช้ โดยสร้างกลไกเศรษฐศาสตร์การเงิน การคลัง และหลักการผู้ก่อมลพิษ เป็นผู้รับผิดชอบ

http://www.prachachat.net/news_detai...sid=1381832557
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