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Old June 19th, 2008, 03:50 PM   #1
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Discover Constanța County

Constanţa (IPA: [kon.'stan.ʦa]) is a county of Romania, in Dobrogea, with the capital city at Constanţa.

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Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 715,151 and the population density was 101/km˛. The degree of urbanization is much higher (about 75%) than the Romanian average. The majority of the population are Romanians. There are important communities of Turks and Tatars, remnants of the time of the Ottoman rule. Currently the region is the centre of the Muslim minority in Romania. A great number of Aromanians have migrated to Dobruja in the last century and they consider themselves a cultural minority rather than an ethnic minority.

Geography

The county has a total area of 7,071 km˛.

Much of the territory of Constanţa county comprises a low-lying plateau with a continental semi-arid climate. The Black Sea coast - stretching about 144 km (90 miles) - has a maritime climate with fewer contrasts than the interior. The average January temperature in Constanţa county is 0°C (32°F), while the average July temperature reaches 23°C (75°F).

In the northeastern part of the county there is a lagoon, the Sinoe Lake. On the eastern side of the county flows the Danube.

Neighbours

* Black Sea to the east
* Călăraşi County and Ialomiţa County to the west
* Tulcea County and Brăila County to the north
* Bulgaria (Dobrich Province and Silistra Province) to the south

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

* Chemical and petrochemical industry
* Food and beverages industry
* Textile industry
* Ship building industry
* Construction materials
* Mechanical components industry
* Paper industry

Agriculture is an important part in the county's economy, with Constanţa being the county with the largest irrigations systems in the country (more than 4,300 km˛ before 1989, now greatly reduced), cereals being the most important products. Also, the county is famous for its wines from the Murfatlar region.

At Cernavodă there is a nuclear power plant with two reactors - CANDU type of Canadian design. It covers over 15% of the country's power demand.

The Port of Constanţa is the largest port in Romania and one of the most important on the Black Sea. It is linked with the Danube by the Danube-Black Sea Canal - the widest and deepest navigable channel in Europe, although not used to its full potential.

Tourism

The Black Sea littoral is the preferred destination for the summer holidays in Romania. The resorts are:

* Năvodari
* Mamaia
* Eforie (North and South)
* Costineşti
* Olimp
* Neptun
* Jupiter
* Cap Aurora
* Venus
* Saturn
* Mangalia
* 2 Mai
* Vama Veche

Also worth visiting are:

* The city of Constanţa
* The mausoleum from Adamclisi
* The Portiţa area

Administrative divisions

The county has 3 municipalities, 9 towns and 58 communes (2005).

Municipalities

* Constanţa
* Medgidia
* Mangalia

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The aim of the thread is to promote any tourist attractions in the county of Constanta. Feel free to post any images or videos that suit this thread.



Touristic map : http://www.harta-turistica.ro/map.ph...etul Constanta

Attractions:

Last edited by #Alex; August 15th, 2009 at 07:18 PM.
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Old June 19th, 2008, 04:34 PM   #2
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Adamclisi

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At the begining of the 20 century was decovered in Romanian a very important archaelogical complex, one of the most valuable antique Roman monuments from our territory. There are the ruins of the Tropaeum Traiani monument and the vestiges of the Tropaeum Traiani fortress, from Adamclisi village, Dobrogea.

On these places, in the winter of 101-102 there were great battles between Romans and Dacians alliend with the Sarmatians. The impressive monument, in circle form, was comanded by Traian emperor in 109. The fight scenes, showing the braveness of the Romans but also the heroims of the Dacians, were sculpted in bas-relieves on stone blocks (metopes), aroud the monument. Those images show the resamblance between the looking and the cloths of the paesants from mountains and hills from our country. All around the monument there are stone steps and up in the middle there is the statue of a soldier in armoure. Till our times was preserved only the central part, looking like a huge knoll of earth, and from the 54 metopes remaind only 49. Near the monument there are two more relics of this event: a mausoleum of a Roman officer who died in battle, and not far from that, the altar, raises also by Traian order, in the memory of the soldiers died during this battle.



Interrupting the monotony of the Dobrogea's plain, on a hill there are the ruins of the Tropaeum Traiani fortress, one of the biggest civil Roman settlement from Dobrogea. Built in the same years that the comemorative monument, in it lived those who after the battles settled down on this places. The fortress have had impressive public buildings, civil constructions, towers, defence walls from stone blocks, streets covered with stone and a canalisation system. Destroyed almost all in the second century, was rebuilt in the next century, but after a little while, it begins to decay, under the pression of the migratory people waves.

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Adamclisi (IPA: [a.dam.kli.'si]) is a commune in Constanţa County, in the Dobrogea region of Romania.

History

In ancient times a Roman castrum named Civitas Tropaeensium was settled here and in 109 AD a monument named Tropaeum Traiani was built to commemorate the Roman Empire's victories over the Dacians.

Colonized with Roman veterans of the Dacian Wars, the city was the largest Roman city of Scythia Minor and became a municipium around the year 200. Destroyed by the Goths, it was rebuilt during the rule of Constantine the Great and better defense walls, which defended the city successfully until the Avars sacked it in 587. After that moment, it ceased to be among the important cities of Dobrogea and was no longer mentioned for seven hundred years.

Etymology

The current name has a Turkish origin and it is an adaptation in Romanian of "Adam Kilisse" which means "the church of man" (when the Turkish people settled in this area, they thought the Ancient Roman monument was a church).

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Ochiul, obosit de atata camp, de orizonturi cu nume de ses, incepe sa simta atingerea moale a colinelor din loc in loc impadurite. Si astepti ca, de nicaieri, sa se iveasca asezari. Daca-ti traiesti prezentul cu convingerea ca vii din trecut, te-abate, trecatorule, prin locul unde maretia inaintasilor a scris in piatra triumful existentei! Si daca nu, odihneste-ti privirea de margine de Mare Neagra, trecatorule, pe ramasitele unui trecut si incearca sa nu simti gustul desertaciunii. La circa 70 de km sud-vest de Constanta se afla localitatea Adamclisi, localitate al carei nume vine de la denumirea turceasca "Adam Kilisse" ("Biserica Omului"), data de turci, care au considerat impunătorul monument roman Tropaeum Traiani drept a fi o biserică. Si nici n-ar fi departe de adevar. Situat pe Dealul Monumentului, un platou inalt de 161 m, Monumentul triumfal, domina imprejurimile cu maiestate. Ridicat intre anii 106-109, monumentul trebuia sa glorifice si sa comemoreze victoriile impotriva dacilor si-a aliatilor lor sarmati si germani in primul razboi dacic. Pentru constructia imensului soclu de piatra cu acoperis tronconic ce sustine statuia trofeului, stereobatul, conceput in maniera epocii de arhitectul Apollodor din Damasc, s-a folosit piatra locala exploatata in cariera de la Deleni, aflata la 3,5 km de monument, piatra fiind prelucrata direct la locul constructiei. Pietrele erau legate intre ele cu o compozitie care astazi se numeste mortar. Stereobatul este zona de concentratie a elementelor expressive. Braul situat pe tamburul cilindric, la jumatatea inaltimii, este alcatuit intr-un ansamblu decorative-narativ, din metope alternnand cu pilastrii lor pitici, incadrate in partile superioara si inferioara, cu sirurile de frize. Metopele, in numar de 54 (din care pana astazi s-au pastrat numai 49) sculptate in basorelief, infatiseaza scene din timpul luptelor cu geto-dacii..Deasupra metopelor se afla o friza cu 26 de creneluri (din care s-au pastrat numai 23) sculptate si ele in basorelief si alcatuind coronamentul nucleului circular. Acoperisul are forma unui trunchi de con cu placi de piatra in forma de solzi, realizat printr-o imbinare arhitectonica ingenioasa. Deasupra nucleului se inalta un acoperis tronconic, realizat printr-o imbinare arhitectonica ingenioasa, imbracat in solzi de piatra, precum si un soclu hexagonal inalt de 6 m,care sustinea trofeul propriu-zis, piesa principala a intregului ansamblu, compus din doua blocuri mari de pietre suprapuse, avand forma unui trunchi de arbore , �imbracat�in armura de ofiter roman , cu lorica greaca si arme, avand la picioare arme si prizonieri daci, un barbat si doua femei) sculptati tot in piatra. Pe una din fetele soclului hexagonal a fost descifrata o inscriptie din care rezulta ca monumental era inchinat Zeului Marte,razbunatorul de catre Nerva Traian August,imparat si cezar,invingatorul germanilor si dacilor,fiul divinului Nerva,mare preot,pentru a XIII-a oara tribun,pentru a VI-a oara imparat,pentru a V-a oara consul,parintele patriei. Acest monument este inconjurat de de trei obiective importante: Altarul, mausoleul si cetatea Tropaeum Traiani.Altarul militar funerara, situate la circa 50 m spre nord, avea o forma prismatica, din care s-au mai pastrat doar cateva piese decorative si fragmente de inscriptie cu numele a 3800 de soldati cazuti pe campul de batalie. Mausoleul este situate la 250 m est de monument. Cetatea Tropaeum Traiani, aflata pe Valea Urluiei, la circa 1,5 km sud-est de trofeu , aproape de soseaua nationala Bucuresti - Constanta, a fost construita simultan cu monumental, peste o asezare geto-dacica mai veche. Incinta si edificiile ce pot fi vizitate astazi, dateaza din perioada romano-bizantina ( sec. IV - VI). Intrarea se face pe poarta de est pe via principalis find insiruite numeroase edificii publice si religioase. Piesele originale ale monumentului triumphal, precum si marturiile arheologice descoperite in cetate se regasesc astazi in expozitia muzeului din centrul comunei Adamclisi. Monumentul triumphal a fost reconstruit in anii 1972-1977.

Sources: inoe.ro, cta.ro, wikipedia.org

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Locul unde aveau loc toate evenimentele sociale pe vremea dacilor la Adamclisi
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Tropaeum Traiani
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Golden gate-Ruins of Adamclisi
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Top of the monument
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A Roman Castrum built right after the 101-106 victories over the Dacian Empire. It held approx. 10k people, being the largest Roman city of Scythia Minor. In 587 AD, the municipium was destroyed by the Avars.
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Adamclisi museum
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Adamclisi museum
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The monument
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The basilica forensis (The Forum) of Adamclisi, Romania. Basilica was a large size room 56 x 24 m, built in the 3th century A.D., and rebuilt during Constantin the Great and Lucinius. It was used for administrative, economic and law needs. Its interior was separated in three naves by two long columns rows
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Entrance
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Tropaeum Traiani
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Close up
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Top
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Last edited by #Alex; June 24th, 2008 at 08:44 PM.
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Old June 20th, 2008, 04:17 PM   #3
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"Cave of Saint Andrew" Monastery
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The monastery is situated 59 km south-west away from Constanta, in the forest near Ion Corvin locality.

In the cave from the heart of mountain sometime ago leaded the life of an anchorite Saint Andrew, the only one Jesus Christ's Apostle that have preached Geto-Daco-Roman Gospel. Here, Saint Andrew have baptized and christianized our ancestors, he ordained the priests, the monastery being considered the first place of worship from Romania's territory and incoming gate for the Christianity in Romania.

In 1942, the lawyer Jandiru begin the arrangement of the cave, and in 1944 it was dedicated, from then on here performing divine services.

In 1990, the cave was restored and start to function an monks hermitage.

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Sub numele de Peştera Sfântului Andrei este cunoscut un aşezământ religios (mănăstire), situat în Dobrogea, în apropierea localităţii Ion Corvin, judeţul Constanţa. Este construit în jurul unei peşteri în care tradiţia populară spune că trăit şi creştinat, Sfântul Apostol Andrei. Peştera se găseşte la mai puţin de 2 kilometri de "Cişmeaua Mihai Eminescu", la apoximativ 4 kilometri de şoseaua Constanţa - Ostrov.

După ce în timpul stăpânirii otomane, peştera a fost uitată, prin 1943 a fost redescoperită de preotul Constantin Lembrău, împreună cu avocatul Ion Dinu, pentru ca în 1944, peşterea să fie resfinţită şi redată cultului, prin construirea unei turle şi a unui zid de protecţie. Dar, revine în uitare până după 1989, când se reîncep lucrările de dezvoltare a ansamblului monahal, care continuă şi actualmente.

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Pestera Sf. Andrei dateaza din primul veac de dupa Hristos. Conform scrierilor teologice si istorice, Sf. Apostol Andrei a ajuns si pe meleagurile Scythiei Minor(Dobrogea de azi) in jurul anului 60 d. Hristos, pentru propovaduire. S-a oprit cu ucenicii sai intr-o pestera aflata la marginea unei paduri, langa localitatea Ion Corvin. Acest loc de ruga si vietuire duhovniceasca este primul lacas de cult crestin ortodox din Tara Romaneasca. Tot din traditie se stie ca Sfantul Andrei a avut si un sfarsit de mucenic, fiind rastignit, la Patras, langa Corint, cu capul in jos, pe o cruce in forma de X, careia i s-a spus “Crucea Sfantului Andrei” La aproximativ 150 de km, la vest de pestera, se afla noua izvoare , considerate si astazi de catre localnici si pelerini izvoarele cu apa cea mai buna din tot cuprinsul Dobrogei, iar in paraul format de acestea, se spune ca Sf. Apostol Andrei boteza pe cei ce treceau la credinta crestina. In anul 1920, un avocat avand si studii teologice , Jean Dinu, dupa lungi cercetari, impreuna cu preotul locului, descopera pestera si din acest an se incepe reamenajarea acesteia, se face fatada si turla , iar in anul 1943 este sfintita de Episcopul Chesarie Paunescu. Din cauza momentelor grele prin care a trecut Biserica Romana, viata monahala a asezamantului dispare, pestera devenind o ruina. Dar a continuat sa fie vizitata de credinciosi, pastrandu-se astfel traditia locului de inchinaciune si rugaciune. In 1990 I.P.S. Lucian Arhiepiscop al Tomisului aproba infiintarea unuischit de monahi. In jurul pesterii se construieste un corp de chili, clopotnita si alte anexe. In anul 1995 se toarna fundatia bisericii mari. Este sfintita in anul 2001 de catre I.P.S. Arhiepiscop Dr. Teodosie al Tomisului. Manastirea Pestera Sf. Andrei, facand parte integranta din tezaurul spiritual al neamului nostru, este un loc unde credinciosii si cei ce cunosc si respecta valorile crestine pot gasi momente de liniste si pace sufleteasca, pot admira frumusetea constructiei si pot intelege credinta si sacrificiul Sf. Andrei pentru impartasirea povetelor crestine.

Surse: trekearth.com, cta.ro, wikipedia.org, descopera.ro

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Old June 24th, 2008, 09:50 PM   #4
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MURFATLAR – THE CAVE CHURCHES COMPLEX
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The complex of cave monuments in Murfatlar was discovered in 1957 during the limestone quarry activities. The complex used from the second half of the 9th cent to the half of the 11th cent. consists of a number of galleries, dwellings, crypts, tombs, six chapels and a quarry from the same epoch, where limestone was cut out. All the composing elements of the architectural complex are dug into the chalky limestone hill at different levels, into the vertical walls of the ancient quarry.
The main conclusions regarding the location, the role and the significance of the cave monuments were already drawn, though studies about them are not yet finished.
As known, Dobruja was under Byzantine Empire rule during those centuries, rule again established at the mouth of the Danube after a short period of its political and military decline from the beginning of the 7th cent. It was proven archaeologically that during the last decades of the 10th cent. and at the beginning of the 11th the quarry in Murfatlar was used to build the trans-Dobrujan “stone wall” (one of three “Traian’s” walls between Constanta and Cernavoda) with help from the local, Romanian population. In the area next to Murfatlar this wall had a limestone blocks upper structure.
A representative elements series of this archaeological complex is specific for the Dobrujan Romanian population. The limestone deposit exploiting system in open-air scales and terraces, used since ancient times in Roman quarries (including Dobruja) was unknown to migrant populations. Many of the excavated tombs were built according to older, Roman traditions. Two types represent ceramics: the local, Dridu type and the imported Byzantine one, inheriting older, Greek and Roman traditions. Regarding building conceptions, religious frameworks, with apses, central and side naves, though little, keep exactly the plan of Roman-Byzantine basilicas (including those in Dobruja) from the 4th-6th cent. A.D. The entire ensemble, with its rich figurative and symbolic decoration, represents an especially important document for our history, until now unique in eastern parts of Europe.
Decoration consists of human figures, orants, riders, animals, birds, laic and religious symbols etc. A large interest group is represented by fantastic figures like monsters and dragons. These ones, together with also on the walls represented halberds are of northern, Viking origin, a fact also confirmed by anthropological analysis of two skeletons. The same northern origin, accepted by all scientists, is proven by the image of a Viking ship. Beside other elements excavated from the 10th-11th cent. in Dinogetia (Tulcea county), specific also to Vikings, these discoveries were linked to the trade route between Scandinavian areas and Constantinople, known under the name “the route from the Varegs (= Vikings) to the Greek”.
A special attention must be given to the large number of inscriptions carved into the walls, using the Greek, proto-Glagolitic, Glagolitic alphabet and Runic signs. It is proven, that Greek, proto-Glagolitic and Glagolitic alphabets were used by a Romanic population. Recently even a number of Romanian language inscriptions were deciphered, containing specific religious idioms.
Linguists consider deciphering Runic texts in Murfatlar as an extremely difficult task because of their fragmentary preservation and the absence of many elements. It is not even known if they were written from left to right or vice versa. So Runic texts remain for the time being unsolved.
Considering Latin language writer Walafrid Strabo`s information about some 4th cent. Christian Goths descendants` on nowadays Dobrujan territory – especially in Tomis - existence, who held mess in Gothic language, a number of scientists ascribe Runes from Murfatlar to these people. This tradition could also be linked to related northern elements` presence – the Vikings. Others assign part of these Runes to Pechenegs. Only some of Bulgarian scientists try to assign Runic inscriptions, as well as the entire complex, to Bulgarians, an opinion not accepted by the scientists` community.
The monuments in Murfatlar confirm Byzantine writers Cedren and Attaleiates` information about Romanians` existence at the Lower Danube, as well as other populations`, much less numerous especially during Byzantine Empire rule in Dobruja.
After the cave complex was discovered, between 1957 and 1962 first protection measures were taken, with a wooden structure covering and protecting it against rain and wind, but this didn`t much lower temperature differences.
Between 1971 and 1974 final preservation and conservation works took place, especially in the area of the cave churches and galleries. But only three protection-building segments of seven were completed, covering a surface of 924 m˛. In 1975 these works were stopped as a result of financial difficulties. In 1981 local authorities and an architecture institute elaborated a project to protect segments 4 to 7 of the complex. The main functional elements were to be covered by a building to assure its protection and museum functionality, with platforms for visitors and exhibition spaces, consolidation of the chalky limestone slope, reconstitution of original elements in special rooms and inside the galleries.
After a series of other negotiations regarding technical aspects and funding, only small steps were made forward, so there is an urgent need to study all possibilities for an intricate restoration and preservation process.
As the cultural importance of this monument is exceptionally high, not only for Dobruja, but also for the pan-European archaeological heritage, modern methods of investigation and restoration with the on site laboratory would have to solve some of the following items:
- Humidity tracking and methods of isolation
- Vibrations influence and ways of consolidation (a sometimes very crowded motorway passes the complex only a very short distance away)
- Non-destructive resistance studies of the natural limestone layers would improve our knowledge about an efficient protection building
- Temperature differences are very large, so modern thermo vision applications would help find the best solutions for the preservation of the entire site.

Source: Dr. Constantin Chera (inoe.ro)

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AMPLASAREA COMPLEXULUI

Situl arheologic Basarabi-Murfatlar se afla in provincia Dobrogea, judetul Constanta, la o distanta de 15 km de litoralul Marii Negre, pe malul drept al Vaii Carasu, acum strabatuta in cea mai mare parte de Canalul Dunare - Marea Neagra. Complexul, format din camere si galerii, este sapat intr-un deal de creta din apropierea carierei de extragere a cretei din comuna Basarabi, in imediata vecinatate a garii.

Bisericile si galeriile sapate in dealul de creta de la Basarabi-Murfatlar se afla pe versantul de NV al dealului Tibisirul, la o distanta de cateva zeci de metri de canalul Dunare - Marea Neagra si în imediata apropiere a marelui val de piatră. Se presupune că întrebuintarea initială a complexului Basarabi-Murfatlar a fost strâns legată de existenta acestui val de piatră, deoarece multe dintre fragmentele păstrate ale coronamentului de val sunt din cretă, a cărei origine se poate afla în cariera veche.

In apropiere, pe partea opusa a dealului, se afla cariera moderna de extragere a cretei. Complexul este amplasat in vechea cariera, acoperita pana in momentul descoperirii cu un strat de steril. In urma sapaturilor arheologice a fost dezvelita o structura compozita de camere, galerii, morminte si locuinte, repartizate haotic In functie de bazinele de extragere a cretei. Complexul poate fi impartit in trei mari sectiuni in functie de teren: incaperile sapate in abruptul dealului de creta, masivul peninsula si restul complexului.

To find out more check this site http://www.patzinakia.ro/MonografiaB...albumINTRO.htm [RO only but you'll find a lot of pictures]

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Old October 5th, 2008, 09:02 PM   #5
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Very interesting, thanks for sharing!
One question, though: are the bas-reliefs on the tropaeum traiani the original ones, or are those stored in the museum?
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Old October 6th, 2008, 12:30 PM   #6
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I'm starting to hate Constanta...so ugly..
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Old October 6th, 2008, 01:17 PM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mihai_alex View Post
I'm starting to hate Constanta...so ugly..
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Old October 6th, 2008, 02:13 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by bgp View Post
Very interesting, thanks for sharing!
One question, though: are the bas-reliefs on the tropaeum traiani the original ones, or are those stored in the museum?
The monument was entirely "restored" in 1977. All that was left from the original is presented below.




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Old February 26th, 2009, 04:13 PM   #9
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Costinesti

Costinesti


Costineşti is a commune and resort in Constanţa County, Romania, located on the shore of the Black Sea, about 30 kilometres south of the county seat, Constanţa. The village Schitu is included in the Costineşti commune.

In the 1960s, it evolved from a small fishing village to a summer destination, most popular with young people and students. A hotel, as well as several villa complexes, were erected during the Communist era, and featured varying degrees of style and comfort. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, some of them have been modernized, and private construction, especially to the north of the resort, has taken off.

The resort also has a small inland lake, around which several lodges are located.

Opposite to one of the northern beaches, the shipwreck of Evangelia, a Greek ship beached there in the late 1960s, has proven quite popular with the tourists.

Nightlife is centered mainly around the two discos (Ring and Tineretului), in which, during the summer months, concerts are held nightly by the most popular bands from across Romania. Because Costineşti is mostly frequented by youngsters, the atmosphere tends to be livelier than in the other Black Sea resorts.

Costineşti is easily accessible, either by train or car. There are two railway stops within the resort (South Costineşti - Tabără, North Costineşti), and the town is connected to the main E87 road which runs north to Constanţa and south to the Bulgarian border.

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Costinesti Resort


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Old May 2nd, 2009, 05:45 PM   #10
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Time lapse in Medgidia and Constanta
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Old May 13th, 2009, 03:20 PM   #11
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Callatis:A Greek colony named Callatis (Kallatis) was founded in 6th century BCE by the city of Heraclea Pontica.[1] Its first silver coinage was minted approximately 350 BCE. In 72 BCE, Callatis was conquered by the Roman general Lucullus and was assigned to the Roman province of Moesia Inferior. Throughout the 2nd century CE, the city built defensive fortifications and the minting of coinage under the Roman emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla continued. Callatis suffered multiple invasions in the third century CE but recovered in the 4th century CE to retain its status as an important trade hub and port city.

Tomis: A number of inscriptions found in the town and its vicinity show that Constanţa lies where once Tomis stood. Tomis (also called Tomi) was a Greek colony in the province of Scythia Minor on the Black Sea's shore, founded around 600 BC for commercial exchanges with the local Getic populations. Probably the name is derived from Greek Τομή meaning cut, section.

Troesmis: was an ancient town in Scythia Minor. It was situated in what is now Romania. Constantine's Notitia Dignitatum show that during 337-361 here was the headquarter of legio II Herculia.

Tulcea was founded in the 7th century BC[citation needed] under the name of Aegyssus, mentioned in the documents of Diodorus of Sicily (3rd century BC). Ovid referred to it in Ex Ponto, saying that its name would have originated with that of its founder, a Dacian named Carpyus Aegyssus.

Adamclisi: In ancient times, a Roman castrum named Civitas Tropaensium was settled here and in 109 AD a monument named Tropaeum Traiani was built to commemorate the Roman Empire's victories over the Dacians.

Cernavodă was founded (under the name Axiopolis) by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians.

Ancient Histria or Istros (Thracian river god, Danube), was a Greek colony or polis (city) on the Black Sea coast, established by Milesian settlers to trade with the native Getae. It became the first Greek town on the present day Romanian territory. Scymnus of Chios (ca 110 BC), the Greek geographer and poet, dated it to 630 BC. Eusebius of Caesarea, some centuries later, dated its founding to 657 656 BC, at the time of the 33rd Olympic Games. The earliest documented currency on Romanian territory was an 8-gram silver drachma, issued in Histria in the year 480 BC.

Beroe: a Roman fortified frontier post at the lower Danube

Libida is an ancient settlement in the Dobruja region of modern Romania. It is within the commune of Slava Cercheză.

Halmyris was a Roman legionary base and naval port for 600 years, located at the mouth of the Danube Delta in Romania.The city (better known by its Greek name) is situated, in ancient times on the shore of the Halmyris gulf. It was named Salmorus/Thalamonium in the Roman period, the Latin for Halmyris—salt water.

Sucidava: is a Dacian and Daco-Roman historical site, situated in Corabia on the north bank of the Danube. There can be found: the first Christian Basilica in Romania, the foot of a Roman bridge over the Danube built by Constantine the Great to link Sucidava with Oescus (today in Bulgaria, in Moesia), there is also a secret underground fountain which flows under the walls of the town to a water spring situated outside.

From archeological point of view the coins found at Sucidava show an uninterrupted series from Aurelian (270-275) to Theodosius II (408-450). The archeologic evidence show that in AD 443 or 447 the city suffer from hunnish attacks, still the city was restored under Justin I 518-527 or Justinian I 527-565. Around 600, it seems that the Roman garrison abandoned the city.

The town is located on an ancient Celtic settlement, named Arrubium. It was then included in the Dacian kingdoms of Rhemaxos and Zyraxes, then conquered by the Roman Empire, which stationed a cavalry unit in this place between 99 and 241. The ruins of the old roman fortifications, could be seen today on the top of the "Cetate" Hill. Part of the Byzantine Empire and later Ottoman Empire, it was included for some time in the Wallachian and Moldavian voivodates.

Noviodunum is a name of Latin-Celtic origin, meaning "new fort": It comes from novus, Latin for "new", and dunum, the Celtic for "hillfort" or "fortified settlement", cognate of English town.
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Old August 11th, 2009, 05:21 PM   #12
Bogdan BMB
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Costinesti 2009



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Old August 11th, 2009, 07:32 PM   #13
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Eu urasc plajele astea superaglomerate (e si multa "tiganie" in unele locuri de-astea de pe plaja). Desi locuiesc in CT, merg ff rar la plaja.

Am vazut insa in ultima perioada cateva reportaje interesante la Realitatea TV. O partea din ele le-am gasit pe site-ul lor si vi le impartasesc in caz ca le-ati ratat sau ati uitat de bogatiile Constantei/Dobrogei:

- Complexul rupestru de la Basarabi, judeţul Constanţa, săpat în stâncă de piatră, are o vechime de 1.200 de ani

- Straturile de calcar şi galeriile-labirin fac din Limanu o peşteră unică în România

- Pescarii se trezesc în fiecare zi, cu noaptea-n cap, ca să meargă pe mare

- Tainele Dobrogei

- Techirghiol, loc de alinare pentru trup şi suflet

- Histria, fereastra Dobrogei

- Povestea canalului Cernavodă-Agigea, cea mai scurtă cale către Marea Neagră

- Turiştii pot ieşi în larg, pe mare, din Portul Mangalia

- La herghelia de la Mangalia sunt crescuţi peste 300 de armăsari de rasă, pentru echitaţie şi plimbări pe plajă

- La Murfatlar puteţi vizita podgoria, cramele şi Muzeul Vinului

- O cafenea din staţiunea Neptun îmbină elemente turceşti şi tătăreşti (cafea la nisip ! )

- Plajă, linişte, dar şi zboruri cu avionul sau salturi cu paraşuta pe malul mării, la Tuzla

...o sa mai editez cand am timp ...

Bonus (offtopic):

* poate-i mai bine sa numim thread-ul asta Dobrogea si sa punem aici si pozele de pe thread-ul cu Delta, care nu prea a avut succes:

- ptr. toxicduck : Sulina, locul unde soarele răsare în România

- Pe dealul de la Babadag se află cel mai vechi mormânt musulman, al lui Koyun Baba (putin offtopic, Babadag fiind in Tulcea, Dobrogea)

- Complexurile turistice din Deltă oferă numeroase posibilităţi de agrement

- Cetatea Enisala, unica fortificaţie din sud-estul ţării care mai stă în picioare

Last edited by joce23; August 12th, 2009 at 11:52 AM.
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Old August 11th, 2009, 09:59 PM   #14
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pot sa spun ca mi e rusine...nu am fost in 90% din atractiile Dobrogei enumerate mai sus
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Old August 12th, 2009, 11:34 AM   #15
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Salut joce și mulțumesc pentru link!
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Old August 12th, 2009, 01:59 PM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Bogdan BMB View Post


In Costinesti anul asta:






And the piece of art: Dancing on Billy Jean.





Constanta is getting the best of the country.
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Old August 14th, 2009, 02:16 AM   #17
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Vad ca tie nu iti place la inghesuiala, ai stat pe langa obelisc tz tz tz
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Old August 14th, 2009, 04:53 PM   #18
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Pai mie nu prea imi place inghesuiala, iar in zona Obeliscului am vazut ca si marea era mai curata. Plus ca se putea inota, fara sa te lovesti de oameni in apa.
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Old August 15th, 2009, 10:36 AM   #19
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Liberty Parade 09's photostream : http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/sets/

Ferry Corsten @ Liberty Parade 2009

Last edited by joce23; August 15th, 2009 at 01:56 PM.
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Old August 15th, 2009, 07:10 PM   #20
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