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Old March 20th, 2010, 08:25 PM   #2161
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Old March 21st, 2010, 07:30 AM   #2162
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Construction work of Tianjin-Baoding Railway started today

Construction work of Tianjin-Baoding Railway started today

March 21, 2010

Length: 158 km
Max. speed: 250 km/h
Investment: CN¥24 billion
Open in 2013
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Old March 21st, 2010, 02:07 PM   #2163
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Construction work of Zhangjiakou-Tangshan Railway started

Construction work of Zhangjiakou-Tangshan Railway started

Length: 525 km
Investment: CN¥40.001 billion
Freight capacity: 200 million tons per year
Passenger capacity: 10 trains daily from each direction
Open in 2014
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Old March 22nd, 2010, 03:38 AM   #2164
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Test run on Chengdu-Dujiangyan Railway







Chengdu-Dujiangyan Railway
* Length: 65.5 km
* Max. speed: 200 km/h
* Investment: ¥13.3 billion
* Construction started: 2008-11-10
* Construction completed: 2010-01-26
* Expected to be put into service in May 2010
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Old March 22nd, 2010, 01:24 PM   #2165
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Construction work of Chengdu-Chongqing PDL started today

Construction work of Chengdu-Chongqing PDL started today

March 22, 2010

Chengdu-Chongqing Passenger Dedicated Railway
* Length: 308 km (66% on bridges or in tunnels)
* 12 stations
* Maximum speed: 350 km/h
* Total investment: CN¥43 billion
* Expected to open in 2014
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Old March 22nd, 2010, 01:33 PM   #2166
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High-speed rail to link Chengdu and Chongqing

A high-speed railway linking Chengdu and Chongqing will be built in the first half of 2010, local authorities in Chongqing announced Thursday, China News Service's website reported.

"Once the railway opens, it will take only 56 minutes to travel by train between the two cities," said Wen Tianping, spokesman of Chongqing municipality government, at a news conference.

According to Wen, the 305-kilometer-long high speed railway is a passenger dedicated line and there will be ten stations along the whole route. The project is expected to be finished within 4 to 5 years.

Wen said the railway will be co-invested by the Ministry of Railway, Sichuan province and Chongqing municipality. Another local newspaper Chongqing Economic Times also reported Thursday the estimated investment is 39.89 billion yuan ($5.85 billion).

The maximum designed speed of the railway is 350km/h, the top standard in China's high speed railway network. Currently, only the Beijing-Tianjin and Wuhan-Guangzhou high speed rails are capable of handling 350km/h trains. The Zhengzhou-Xi'an line could also reach such a high speed and is expected to open soon.

Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, and Chongqing municipality are both major cities in China's southwest and the planned high speed railway linking them is expected to boost the economic development of the region.

Currently, it takes about 2 hours to travel between the two cities using the fasted train in operation.

China has an ambitious plan to develop its high speed railway network. The authorities said in 2009 that there will be 42 high speed railway lines in China by 2012. Eight high speed lines have been put into operation with the total mileage of 2,830 kilometers, the longest in the world.
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Old March 23rd, 2010, 11:26 AM   #2167
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Beijing-Shenyang high-speed rail to start construction in Jul

Mar. 23, 2010 (China Knowledge) - China’s high-speed railway line connecting Beijing and Shenyang, the capital of Northeast China’s Liaoning Province, may start construction in July, according to sources.

The Beijing-Shenyang Railway will be the second high-speed railway connecting northeastern China and northern China. Trains on the high-speed railway will travel at speeds of up to 350 kilometers per hour, shortening the trip between Beijing and Shenyang from nearly 4 hours to 2.5 hours.

The largest transportation infrastructure project in northeastern China, the Harbin-Dalian high-speed passenger railway project, will start operation in 2011. The project began construction in August 2007. The railway is expected to shorten the trip between Shenyang and Dalian from 3 hours to 1 hour.

The high-speed railway between Beijing and Shanghai will start operation this year, a year ahead of schedule, China Knowledge reported earlier. It will shorten the travel time between Beijing and Shanghai from 10 hours to 4 hours.
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Old March 23rd, 2010, 11:27 AM   #2168
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China gathers speed in railway projects

FINANCIAL TIMES

by Jamil Anderlini

For decades the high-speed railway sector has been dominated by a handful of companies in Europe, Japan and North America that have mostly focused on their own regional markets. But now, just as the industry witnesses a proliferation of high-speed rail projects across the globe, the rapid rise of Chinese state-owned rail producers is posing a serious threat to the dominance of companies such as Germany’s Siemens, France’s Alstom, Canada’s Bombardier and Japan’s Kawasaki.

“Chinese companies are changing the landscape of the global railway market because of the dimensions of their home market and because they are becoming involved in international tenders, which is new,” says Dominique Pouliquen, Asia-Pacific managing director for Alstom. While Chinese companies are new to the global stage and lag their European rivals in terms of quality and technology, they have some significant advantages.

“Price is their number one competitive advantage and they are very well organised, with financing support from Chinese state-owned banks,” Pouliquen says. “They offer a global package which is usually combining technical solutions with financing so it is very easy for governments to make a decision to use their products.”

The Chinese Ministry of Railways, which directly owns many of the country’s rail companies, co-ordinates tenders so they do not bid against each other. It also encourages foreign companies to join Chinese consortiums by holding out the prospect of greater access to the enormous Chinese market.

Analysts say Chinese companies are already very active in bidding for projects in the Middle East and Latin America. They are also targeting projects in Australia and the US and have already made significant inroads in their own region, with contracts in Thailand and Hong Kong.

The rise of a Chinese rail industry with global aspirations has happened virtually overnight. Iain Carmichael, managing director of consultants Lloyd’s Register Rail (Asia), says that as recently as three years ago Chinese companies did not have the know-how for many parts of their own rail systems, such as signalling and high-speed technology.

“But as the Chinese gained the know-how, the relationship changed, so now the Chinese have the upper hand and the Europeans have to work co-operatively if they want to compete.” The main constraint on Chinese exports of rolling stock is capacity, as Chinese producers try to keep up with orders at home in what is now the largest market in the world. “Some big manufacturers are tripling their output this year and we’re seeing a vast expansion of metro systems as well as high speed rail,” Carmichael says.

China’s market for rail equipment, including trains, components and equipment such as signalling systems, is expected to quintuple from an average of $10bn a year between 2004 and 2008 to more than $50bn between 2009 and 2013, according to McKinsey. This year, China is expected to account for more than half of the total global expenditure on rail equipment. The government plans to build at least 30,000km of new railway, most of it high speed, over the next five years and China is expected soon to overtake Russia to have the second-largest rail infrastructure in the world after the US.
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Old March 25th, 2010, 10:19 PM   #2169
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From Financial Times
Quote:
China Railway wins $4.8bn Indonesia deal
By Jamil Anderlini in Beijing and Anthony Deutsch in Jakarta
Published: March 25 2010 19:37 | Last updated: March 25 2010 19:37

China Railway Group has won a $4.8bn contract to build and operate an Indonesian coal railway, the latest in a string of offshore contracts for China’s state-controlled rail companies.

They have been winning rail projects across the world, including in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa and Australia. Chinese companies have also been snapping up global coal assets for the country’s power stations.

The deal is also further evidence that the once-frosty ties between East Asia’s two largest nations are now rapidly warming. It comes just weeks before Wen Jiabao, the Chinese premier, is scheduled to make his first visit to Indonesia.

China Railway, listed in both Hong Kong and Shanghai but majority owned by the state, said on Thursday it won the 24-year contract to design, build and manage the railway in South Sumatra for Indonesia’s Bukit Asam Transpacific Railway Corporation.

China Railway owns 10 per cent of Bukit Asam Transpacific Railway. Privately-owned Transpacific Group owns 80 per cent and Indonesian coal mining giant Bukit Asam owns the rest.

Beijing has made the transfer of sophisticated technology a prerequisite for international rail companies trying to enter the huge Chinese market and in the process, Chinese companies have rapidly become technologically competitive while offering much lower prices than their global rivals.

State-owned Chinese financial institutions usually offer favourable financing terms for projects such as the coal transport line in South Sumatra, making Chinese bids even more attractive.

China Railway announced on Monday a “strategic co-operation” agreement with state-owned Agricultural Bank of China to fund the railway. The bank will provide up to Rmb110bn ($16bn, €12bn, £11bn) in financing over the next three years to support China Railway projects, including its overseas contracts and projects related to exploiting natural resources.

Bukit Asam said it and its partners were in talks with four Chinese lenders to finance 70 per cent of the railway and the rest will be financed internally.

In spite of a history of turbulent bilateral relations, Chinese investment in Indonesia has in recent years significantly outstripped traditional sources such as the US.

Indonesia is the world’s largest exporter of thermal coal. Last year 15 per cent of its coal exports went to China.
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Old March 26th, 2010, 03:02 PM   #2170
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All articles from scmp.com
Quote:
High-speed rail spells doom for Xian air link
Reuters in Beijing
4:44pm, Mar 26, 2010

A new high-speed rail link between two mainland cities has cut travel times so dramatically that all competing air services on the route have been suspended, state media said.
The suspension of flights between the gritty industrial city of Zhengzhou and Xian, home of the Terracotta Warriors, came just 48 days after the express railway began operations, the official Xinhua news agency said on Friday.
The 505km railway, on which trains run at a top speed of 350 km/h, has cut the travel time between the two cities from more than six hours to less than two, the report said. By contrast, flying takes just over an hour. Xian’s airport is also located at least an hour away by road from downtown.

Before the railway opened, Joy Air, one of the domestic airlines flying the route, managed to sell an average of more than 60 per cent of seats for the route, Xinhua said.

Zhengzhou airport confirmed that all flights to and from Xian had now stopped, the report added.

Mainland is spending billions of dollars on a network of high-speed railways, including one from Beijing to the country’s financial capital Shanghai, posing a challenge to airlines which had profited from mainland’s vast size and slow roads and trains.

By 2012, the country would have more than 13,000 km of high-speed railway, Xinhua said.

“By then, 60 per cent of China’s domestic air market will be affected by the high-speed railways,” Liu Chaoyong, general manager of China Eastern Airlines (SEHK: 0670), was quoted as saying.

China Eastern last year agreed to sell 35 per cent of Joy Air, in which it held 40 per cent, to state-owned Aviation Industry Corp of China.
Quote:
Costs and political sensitivities hit hopes of a pan-Asia rail link
Toh Han Shih in Beijing
Mar 22, 2010


Prospective Malaysian and Thai partners in a Chinese-built high-speed rail network linking the mainland with Southeast Asia say prohibitive costs and political sensitivities could delay the plan for a decade.
"High-speed trains may happen in Malaysia in 10 to 15 years, but not in two to three years. The main problem is high-speed rail is too expensive as new rail lines need to be laid," said Afzar Zakariya, a senior manager at Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM), the Malaysian state railway.

Zakariya was speaking on the sidelines of the China Modern Rail Summit in Beijing last week.

At an earlier railway conference in Beijing, a senior Thai railway official said that Chinese companies had been trying to persuade the Thai government to adopt high-speed railways supplied by China, but he was advising against the plan.

High-speed rail links were too expensive for Thailand, given the state of its economy, the official said, adding that political sensitivities over the location of rail links from southern China through Southeast Asian nations such as Myanmar and Vietnam, would require careful negotiation.

Another KTM official, Ismail Said, said mainland firms may be invited to join upgrading projects on existing lines and train stations in Malaysia, but not high-speed systems.

China has proposed a high-speed link from Kunming, in Yunnan province, to Singapore via Thailand and Malaysia, and is involved in technical negotiations on this issue, it has been reported.

State-owned firms such as China Railway Group (SEHK: 0390) and CNR Tangshan Railway Vehicle were in negotiations with parties in Malaysia over various railway projects, including a high-speed network, CNR sales chief Wang Dianwu said

But Wang declined to comment on a Malaysian newspaper report that CNR was in talks to build a rail link between Georgetown on Penang island with Butterworth.

In November last year, around the time of President Hu Jintao's visit to Malaysia, the Malaysian government announced it would award a US$2.1 billion railway project in southern Malaysia to a Chinese consortium including China Railway Engineering Corporation, the state-owned parent of China Railway Group, a Hong Kong and Shanghai-listed railway construction firm.

But China Railway Group now appears to be facing possible delays in its planned Malaysian projects.

On March 9, when former Malaysian finance minister Daim Zainuddin met the group's president Li Changjin in Beijing, Li expressed to Daim his hope that both sides would implement their joint project as soon as possible, according to China Railway's website.

Daim replied that while the Malaysian government had signed a letter of intent on the project late last year, much work remained to be done by both sides.

With progress on the high-speed land network evidently stalled over price and political sensitivities, attention has returned to the idea of a 200km undersea high-speed rail link between Fujian province and Taiwan, which was first mooted earlier this month.

Zheng Jian, the chief planner at China's Ministry of Railways, confirmed that an undersea high-speed rail tunnel between Fujian and Taiwan was part of the government's long-term plans, and said authorities were conducting feasibility studies.

But the Mainland Affairs Council, Taiwan's top China policy co-ordinating body responded coolly to the comments, dismissing the idea as a unilateral proposal from Beijing and saying it was improper for the two sides to talk about such a huge project given the political situation across the Taiwan Strait.

However, speaking in Beijing last week, Sung Hung-kang, the chief of the train operation and maintenance section of the Taiwan Railways Administration, said the feasibility of the idea should be considered.

"Now there is no war between China and Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and China are improving. As cross-straits ties get better, a high-speed rail link can be considered," said Sung.

Last year, the Taiwan government scrapped a law forbidding the sourcing of railway equipment from the mainland. Also last year, a Taiwanese railway delegation visited mainland railway officials in Shanghai to discuss cross-strait partnerships in rail technology and Taiwanese purchase of mainland-made railway components, said Sung.

The Taiwan Railways Administration is conducting a tender for 296 electric train cars, and mainland companies were welcome to bid for it, he said.
Quote:
Private funds shun railway projects
Toh Han Shih
Mar 25, 2010

Private bankrolling of the mainland's ambitious railway construction plan has fallen far short of Beijing's wishes as investors shy away from the huge capital outlay required.
The government originally wanted 40 per cent of railway project financing to come from the private sector, but it is actually below 5 per cent, according to Chen Jing, a sales manager at Beijing Huaxinjie Investment Consulting (BHI), a Chinese state-controlled consultancy.

"Railways have been far less successful than expressways in getting foreign and private investment," Chen said. "Railway investment is very high, and return on investment is a consideration for investors."

Private investors baulked at backing the 1,069km Wuhan-Guangzhou high-speed railway, which costs 116.6 billion yuan (HK$132.55 billion). It started service in December last year and will connect with Hong Kong's future high-speed railway by 2016. The project tried to get both private and foreign investment but failed, Chen said.

In 2004, a mainland company was formed to obtain private financing for railway projects but was unsuccessful and was subsequently acquired by the Ministry of Railways, he added.

As a result, the country's massive rail spending is being financed by debt and investment from the central government, local governments and the ministry.

China plans to dislodge the United States as having the world's most extensive railway network by 2020, with 120,000km of track. Planned investment in railway construction is 823.5 billion yuan this year, and for the 12th Five-Year Plan from 2011 to 2015, the budget is three trillion yuan, according to BHI.

"To make money from railways has always been a challenge around the world," said Paul Ng, a partner at law firm Stephenson Harwood. "Few, if any, rail projects make money. With a ticket costing two yuan, the Beijing metro will never make money. How do you attract investors to a project like that?"

The global financial crisis also has stymied foreign funding of the railway projects. "The number of banks active in big-ticket funding has massively decreased in the last couple of years," said Graeme McLellan, a partner at Stephenson Harwood.

Premier Wen Jiabao recently stated a preference for more spending on social causes instead of transport infrastructure projects, said Wendy Liu, the head of China research at RBS. "This means railway spending growth will moderate on the margin. We are likely to see strong competition for funding in 2010 among various infrastructure projects and regular enterprise borrowers."
Quote:
Chinese infrastructure firms' deals top US$5b
Toh Han Shih
Mar 26, 2010


Chinese infrastructure construction firms have recently won more than US$5 billion in contracts for Indonesia and Macau.
China Railway Group (SEHK: 0390) won a US$4.8 billion contract to build and operate a rail coal freight network in Indonesia, equivalent to 13.96 per cent of the company's turnover in 2008, the state-owned firm announced on the Shanghai Stock Exchange yesterday.



On March 23 in Beijing, the Shanghai and Hong Kong-listed company signed the US$4.8 billion contract with Bhakta Hill Pan Pacific Railway Corporation, consisting of a US$1.3 billion project to build the railway within 1,460 days and a US$3.5 billion yuan contract to operate it for 20 years.

Given the long-term nature of the project, the contract would not have any significant effect on China Railway's results this year, the company said. "The contract's risks are mainly in financing, currency exchange rate and operations," China Railway said.

The financing risk arises from the project's dependence on Bhakta Hill's ability to raise funds, while the foreign exchange risk arises from the fact that 65 per cent of the consideration is in US dollars, China Railway said.

The operational risk is because project revenue depends on how much coal is transported, China Railway said. Recently, a subsidiary of China Communications Construction (SEHK: 1800) (CCC), a state-owned port construction firm, and China National Electric Equipment Corporation signed in Beijing a US$64.41 million contract to build a port for the Tanjung Awar-Awar electric power station in Java in Indonesia, CCC said.

The port will facilitate the supply of raw material to the power station. The construction period is 20 months.

CCC said last week that West Java governor Ahman Heryawan welcomed the company's increased participation in infrastructure projects in the Indonesia province. Heryawan said CCC had established itself as one of the leading engineering contractors in Indonesia.

The Indonesian government plans to see infrastructure spending of US$140 billion in the next five years to lift annual GDP growth to 7 per cent, including US$90 billion that it hoped would come from the private sector, Agence France-Presse quoted the Indonesian Investment Co-ordinating Board chairman Gita Wirjawan as saying.

Last week, CCC won a 1.58 billion pataca contract to expand a port in Cotai in Macau, CCC said. The Macau project involves a passenger terminal, with 16 berths for boats carrying 400 passengers, and three berths for boats carrying 1,200 passengers, as well as helicopter pads. The construction period is 1,088 days.
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Old March 27th, 2010, 05:45 AM   #2171
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China Exports Its First Train To India

In an important development, China has announced that it has shipped its first subway/metro train to Mumbai. This is not just the first class A type train to be exported by China, but also the first train to be sent to India. The trains will be used by the Mumbai Metro Network which is scheduled to be launched later this year.

http://blog.looktoeast.com/2010/03/2...-industry.aspx
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Old March 27th, 2010, 06:15 AM   #2172
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Construction of high-speed rail begins in SW China
(Xinhua)


GUIYANG - Construction of a high-speed passenger railway linking Changsha city of central China's Hunan province with Kunming city of the southwestern province Yunnan began Friday.

Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Dejiang attended the launch ceremony of the project and announced the start of construction in Guiyang, capital city of southwest China's Guizhou province.

The railway linking Kunming and Changsha, 1,167 km in length, is designed for trains traveling at 250 km per hour, and is part of the Shanghai-Kunming Passenger Railway.

Travel time between Kunming and Changsha is expected to be reduced to only four hours from the current 22.8 hours when the railway is completed.

When the project will be finished is not immediately known.

It is estimated the new high-speed railway would carry 60 million passengers from Changsha to Kunming each year when completed.

"The Changsha-Kunming railway will help improve transport between central and southwest China, and it will also beef up connections between the southwest with the prosperous east coast," said Zhang.

The Shanghai-Kunming Passenger Railway would promote industrialization and urbanization of China and the coordinated development between central and western China, Zhang said.

Zhang stressed quality and safety in the railway's construction as many tunnels and bridges would need to be built in the hilly region between Changsha and Kunming.
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Old March 27th, 2010, 06:19 AM   #2173
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All interesting news. Especially India export and pan-Asia rail link ones. Tnx
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Old March 27th, 2010, 06:40 PM   #2174
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As usual, this is a 350 kmh class high-speed rail, not 250 km. This is also implied by the 4-hour, 1167-km journey time.

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Originally Posted by GreenPeas View Post


Construction of high-speed rail begins in SW China
(Xinhua)


The railway linking Kunming and Changsha, 1,167 km in length, is designed for trains traveling at 250 km per hour, and is part of the Shanghai-Kunming Passenger Railway.

Travel time between Kunming and Changsha is expected to be reduced to only four hours from the current 22.8 hours when the railway is completed.
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Old March 27th, 2010, 10:29 PM   #2175
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I wonder how much does all these construction project costs? I'm pretty sure the total expenses exceeds more than US 300 billion dollars in conservative estimate. The question is how will the Chinese Government pay for this project? How many millions of people are working? And what will it truly benefit once all these projects are finished? Can China provide or develop their own "Bullet" train in the next 5 - 10 years? And the last question is what will be the annual maintenance costs will be? It must really expensive.

Oh, there is also that Maglev project.
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Old March 27th, 2010, 10:54 PM   #2176
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Here are some of the ADB reports on 2 projects in China. The "Reports and Recommendations" are where you can find the costs/benefits and the financial analysis

Xian-Zhengzhou (455km)
http://www.adb.org/Projects/project.asp?id=37487

Lanzhou-Chongqing (820km)
http://www.adb.org/Projects/project.asp?id=35354

Of course, how accurate are these projections and are they representative of the others?
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Old March 28th, 2010, 12:32 AM   #2177
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Gaeus View Post
I wonder how much does all these construction project costs? I'm pretty sure the total expenses exceeds more than US 300 billion dollars in conservative estimate. The question is how will the Chinese Government pay for this project? How many millions of people are working? And what will it truly benefit once all these projects are finished? Can China provide or develop their own "Bullet" train in the next 5 - 10 years? And the last question is what will be the annual maintenance costs will be? It must really expensive.

Oh, there is also that Maglev project.
Well, Washington will spend just 8 billion dollars in H.S. Rail and over $300 billions in purchasing the new fighters.

It is a question of priorities..
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Old March 28th, 2010, 02:39 AM   #2178
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Does anyone know what train is in this video? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzkSmP2Gi8g
It looks like a mix between the CRH train sets with a modification of the front. Any info would be greatly appreciated
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Old March 28th, 2010, 06:51 AM   #2179
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Nozumi 300 View Post
Does anyone know what train is in this video? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzkSmP2Gi8g
It looks like a mix between the CRH train sets with a modification of the front. Any info would be greatly appreciated
Only in Chinese and Japanese:

http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/長白山號電動車組
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/長白山号

It's Changbaishan introduced in 2004/2005 before CRH. Maximum operating speed at 180 km/h. Only two sets were produced.
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Old March 28th, 2010, 08:25 PM   #2180
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What do you mean by China's own bullet train?

China imported the (quasi) bullet trains of 200 km h class from Siemens, Kawasaki, Bombardier and Alstom for its sixth nation-wide railway speed upgrade in 2007. It jointly developed CRH2 and CRH3 with Japan and Siemens by modifying and upgrading the respective imported trains for the 300 - 350 km h lines. It is now developing the 350-380 km h class bullet trains on its own and to be delivered next year.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Gaeus View Post
I wonder how much does all these construction project costs? I'm pretty sure the total expenses exceeds more than US 300 billion dollars in conservative estimate. The question is how will the Chinese Government pay for this project? How many millions of people are working? And what will it truly benefit once all these projects are finished? Can China provide or develop their own "Bullet" train in the next 5 - 10 years? And the last question is what will be the annual maintenance costs will be? It must really expensive.

Oh, there is also that Maglev project.
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