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Old September 30th, 2011, 05:26 PM   #1
lukaszek89
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Krakov [POL]

Krakov (polj.: Kraków, češki: Krakov, franc.: Cracovie, njem. Krakau, lat. Cracovia, litvanski Krokuva, ukr. Krakiv, jidiš Kroke) je grad u južnoj Poljskoj. Bivši (1038.-1596.) glavni grad Poljske. Važan kulturni, gospodarski, komunikacijski i turistički centar. Grad leži na obalama rijeke Visle, jedan je od najstarijih i drugi po veličini grad u Poljskoj. U Krakovu živi 760 000 stanovnika (podjednak broj stanovnika ima i Zagreb). Krakov je i prijestolnica Malopoljskog (Małopolskiego) vojvodstva, grad sa statusom povjata, kao i sjedište krakovskog povjata.

grb:




zastava:





Old Polish capital (damn You Warsaw )




Kraków's historic center, which includes the Old Town, Kazimierz and the Wawel Castle, was included as the first of its kind on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1978








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Old September 30th, 2011, 05:37 PM   #2
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When weather is good, You can see Tatra mountains

















Tatra mountains:





and Zakopane




when in Krakow, You should also visit:

Wieliczka Salt Mine, UNESCO site, (Krakow agglomeration)











and please, visit Tarnów (2nd city of Małopolska) 80km from Kraków









Auschwitz-Birkenau (Oświęcim-Brzezinka) is rather depressing...


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Old September 30th, 2011, 06:34 PM   #3
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Jagiellonian University, founded in 1364 by Polish King Casimir III the Great, the second oldest university in Central Europe and one of the oldest universities in the world.



Notable alumni:

Ivo Andric Nobel laureate

John III Sobieski military leader; monarch of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; victor of the Battle of Vienna

Nicolaus Copernicus astronomer; promoter of heliocentrism

Pope John Paul II (Karol Wojtyła)

Stanisław Lem
writer

Karol Olszewski physicist; chemist; the first to liquefy oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere

Carl Menger economist; lawyer; founder of the Austrian School of economics



Collegium Maius is the Jagiellonian University's oldest building, dating back to the 15th century










Collegium Novum, one of the main buildings of Faculty of Law and Administration (I study here )









Sonderaktion Krakau was the codename for a German operation against professors and academics from the University of Kraków and other Kraków universities at the beginning of World War II.

It was carried out as part of the action plan to exterminate the Polish intellectual elite known as Intelligenzaktion

On November 6, 1939, a little over two months after the German Invasion of Poland, Obersturmbannführer SS Bruno Müller commanded Professor Tadeusz Lehr-Spławiński, then the University's rector, to require all professors to attend a lecture on German plans for Polish education. The rector agreed and sent an invitation throughout the university. When 144 Jagiellonian University professors and assistants arrived at noon at room 66 of the Collegium Novum building, no lecture was conducted. They were instead imprisoned under the pretext that the university was working without German consent. Twenty-one professors from the Mining Academy (attending a meeting in a different room), 5 visiting professors, and 13 university employees and students who were in the building were also arrested. All 183 were later sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp and Dachau.

In 1942, many of those who survived Sonderaktion Krakau formed an underground university in defiance of German edicts. Among the 800 students of the underground university was Karol Wojtyła, the future Pope John Paul II.

room 66



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Old September 30th, 2011, 07:21 PM   #4
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Old October 1st, 2011, 01:04 AM   #5
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Very nice looking city
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Old October 1st, 2011, 02:15 AM   #6
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Summer farewell...

Vistula river

















Zakrzówek, it's not far away from main market square























Kryspinów






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Old October 1st, 2011, 02:21 AM   #7
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Alvernia Studios (near Krakow)





































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Old October 3rd, 2011, 09:50 PM   #8
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This is GREAT!

I just have to go there one day
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Old October 4th, 2011, 11:49 AM   #9
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Wawel Royal Castle


The Gothic Wawel Castle in Krakow in Poland was built at the behest of Casimir III the Great and consists of a number of structures situated around the central courtyard. In the 14th century it was rebuilt by Jogaila and Jadwiga of Poland. Their reign saw the addition of the tower called the Hen's Foot (Kurza Stopka) and the Danish Tower.[1] The Jadwiga and Jogaila Chamber, in which the sword Szczerbiec, was used in coronation ceremonies, is exhibited today and is another remnant of this period. Other structures were developed on the hill during that time as well, in order to serve as quarters for the numerous clergy, royal clerks and craftsmen. Defensive walls and towers such as Jordanka, Lubranka, Sandomierska, Tęczyńska, Szlachecka, Złodziejska and Panieńska were erected in the same period.

by JapanVisitor

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and some other photos:







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Wawel Dragon

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Old October 4th, 2011, 12:14 PM   #10
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beautiful !!!
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Old October 6th, 2011, 04:49 PM   #11
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two most important churches of Krakow :

Wawel cathedral :

The Wawel Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral Basilica of Sts. Stanisław and Vaclav, is a church located on Wawel Hill in Kraków–Poland's national sanctuary.

It has a 1,000-year history and was the traditional coronation site of Polish monarchs.

The current, Gothic cathedral, is the third edifice on this site: the first was constructed and destroyed in the 11th century; the second one, constructed in the 12th century, was destroyed by a fire in 1305. The construction of the current one begun in the 14th century on the orders of bishop Nanker.

The Wawel Cathedral has been the main burial site for Polish monarchs since the 14th century. As such, it has been significantly extended and altered over time as individual rulers have added multiple burial chapels.

Sigismund's Chapel, or Zygmunt Chapel ("Kaplica Zygmuntowska"), adjoining the southern wall of the cathedral, is one of the most notable pieces of architecture in Kraków and "the purest example of Renaissance architecture outside Italy."

Financed by King Sigismund I the Old, it was built in 1517-33 by Bartolommeo Berrecci, a Florentine Renaissance architect, who spent most of his career in Poland.

St. Leonard's Crypt under the Wawel Castle in Kraków, Poland, is a Romanesque crypt founded in the 11th century (around 1038 – 1039) by Casimir I the Restorer who made Kraków his royal residence as the capital.

The crypt beneath the Wawel Cathedral holds the tombs of Polish kings, national heroes, generals and revolutionaries, including king Jan III Sobieski, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Adam Mickiewicz, Juliusz Słowacki, Władysław Sikorski, Józef Piłsudski and others.


Jagiellonian dynasty:



































Mariacki church :

St. Mary's Basilica (Polish: Kościół Mariacki), is a Brick Gothic church re-built in the 14th century (originally built in the early 13th century), adjacent to the Main Market Square in Kraków, Poland.

Standing 80 m tall, it is particularly famous for its wooden altarpiece carved by Veit Stoss (Wit Stwosz).

St. Mary's Basilica also served as an architectural model for many of the churches that were built by the Polish diaspora abroad, designed in the so-called Polish Cathedral style.

The Altarpiece of Veit Stoss, also St. Mary's Altar (Ołtarz Mariacki), is the largest Gothic altarpiece in the World and a national treasure of Poland.














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Old October 6th, 2011, 07:17 PM   #12
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And my favourite church in Krakow:

Saints Peter and Paul Church

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Old October 6th, 2011, 07:53 PM   #13
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by FJK:



















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Old October 6th, 2011, 08:40 PM   #14
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shots by skansen:
































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Old October 6th, 2011, 08:48 PM   #15
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