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Old January 11th, 2012, 09:33 AM   #1
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Tokyo Discussion Thread

This thread will be for all discussion on Tokyo that are not in the other forums/threads so Tokyo projects (city wide, not buildings or stations), Tokyo GDP, Population statistics etc.

I think it is good to concentrate them in this thread, instead of having many threads on Tokyo.


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Old January 11th, 2012, 09:59 AM   #2
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Definition of "Tokyo"

First I want to explain about the definition of "Tokyo" since many people are confused about this.

Greater Tokyo Area 首都圏: When many people speak of Tokyo they are talking about the entire Greater Tokyo Area. Statistics for this are complicated since it depends on what your definition of this area is. In general though we can say most of Tokyo-To, Chiba, Kanagawa, Saitama form a gigantic city with never ending urbanity. For example you can see Yokohama (Japan's 2nd largest city) from Tokyo's skycrapers quite easily with no break in the cities other than rivers.

Tokyo Metropolis 東京都: "Tokyo" generally refers to the Tokyo Metropolis (Tokyo-To), the only official "metropolis" (To) in the nation. The Tokyo Metropolis is equivalent to a Prefecture (equivalent to state/province). Note that is not a "prefecture" the most accurate way to describe it would be to say a city run at a prefectural level, Tokyo is so large to make governing it more simplified and organized they created the Tokyo Metropolis to consolidate the vast "urban sprawl". The Tokyo Metropolitan government is located in Shinjuku and governs all of the Tokyo metropolis.

Tokyo 23 special wards 23区: Tokyo has 23 special wards which until 1943 used to be the "City of Tokyo" (Known as Edo before the Meiji Restoration). Each ward is basically run as a city with a mayor. This again makes governing the Tokyo metropolis easier and more local. In adition to the 23 wards the Tokyo metropolis has another 26 cities, 5 towns 8 villages all with a local government.
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Old January 11th, 2012, 10:19 AM   #3
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Tokyo Statistics

Population
Greater Tokyo Area: 35,623,327 (2010). Depending on the definition used can be over 40 million in some estimates, the definition I used is the 1 Metropolis 3 prefectures. This is the most populated "City" in the world.
Tokyo Metropolis: 13,185,502 (2011)
23 wards: 8,967,665 (2011)

Density
Greater Tokyo Area: 2,516/km2 (Depending on definition)
Tokyo Metropolis: 6,027.2/km2
23 wards: 14,061/km2

Area
Greater Tokyo Area: 13,754 km2 (Depending on definition)
Tokyo Metropolis: 2,187.66 km2
23 Wards: 621.9 km2

GDP
Greater Tokyo Area: ¥165.01 trillion, around $2.1 trillion highest in the world at current exchange rates; around 1.54 trillion using PPP
Tokyo Metropolis: ¥93.954 trillion, around $1.2 trillion at current exchange rate
23 Wards: ? <- please help to find it

GDP per Capita
Greater Tokyo Area: $59,000; $43,250 at PPP
Tokyo Metropolis: $92,000; $67,000 at PPP
Tokyo 23 Wards: ?

Companies
Greater Tokyo has 49 fortune 500 companies the highest in the world with a revenue of (in millions) $2,430,053 (2011)

Stock Exchange
The TSE is the third largest stock exchange in the world and is currently being merged with the Osaka Stock Exchange.

Please refer to:
http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/index.htm
http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/global500/2010/
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Old January 11th, 2012, 10:53 AM   #4
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Tokyo Statistics Continued

Transportation overview
The main transport method in Tokyo is public transit, walking and bicycling with private automobile transportation playing a smaller role. Tokyo has the world's most extensive and heavily used rail network (Rapid Transit and Subways, Commuter rail, Light rail, Monorail, High Speed Rail etc) with most commuters walking or biking to the nearest station. The system for paying is also advanced with NFC cards or phones being used to pay in a second (2.57 million daily transactions), as well as being usable as a credit card in restaurants and many other features. Rail stations, trains and systems are constantly being updated, renovated and expanded. Shinjuku Station is the busiest in the world. Tokyo also has an extensive bus network though it is mostly used as a feeder to rail stations. Pedestrian infrastructure is also well developed with many elevated crosswalks and large bicycle parking buildings. Please see: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1401222 and http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1401220

Rail Statistics
Greater Tokyo rail usage: 40 million passengers daily; 14.6 billion yearly by far the highest in the world.
Tokyo Subway (Metro+Toei): 8.66 million daily; 3.2 billion yearly. Reperesents 22% of total rail ridership.

Airports
Tokyo has 2 major airports: Haneda Airport and Narita Airport. Haneda is currently the third largest airport in the world and is under ongoing expansion. Please see: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=313520

Highways/Expressways
Tokyo has several expressways: Ken-Ō Expressway which is will be the largest ring road in the world at 300km 110 of which are completed. Others are Shuto Expressway, Tokyo Gaikan Expressway, Daisan-Keihin Road and Keiyō Road. Several national highways also cross through Tokyo. Please see the Roads and Highways thread: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1401236

Skyscrapers/Buildings
Buildings/structures over 200m: 24; Tokyo Sky Tree being the tallest at 634m (2nd tallest structure in the world) followed by Tokyo Tower at 332.5m.
Buildings over 200m U/C: 2 including Tokyo's tallest buildings at 256m
Please visit the Project Quick Links thread in our construction forum for more info: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1212657

Crime
Tokyo is the world's safest major city with a murder rate of .235 per 100,000 in 2011.

Cuisine/Food
Tokyo has the most Michelin stars of any city in the world with 198 ★ restaurants, 54 ★ ★ restaurants, and 14 ★ ★ ★ restaurants. Buying food is extremely convenient in Tokyo. Tokyo has the most convenience stores in a single city in the world often just 2 blocks from eachother. Japan has the highest amount of vending machines per capita and this is no exception in Tokyo.

An example of a Tokyo Vending Machine and NFC paying method.


Please suggest me more statistics to add here.

Sources:
http://www.keishicho.metro.tokyo.jp/...f/kt23d030.pdf
http://www.mlit.go.jp/kisha/kisha07/01/010330_3/01.pdf
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Old January 11th, 2012, 11:03 AM   #5
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Tokyo's Climate/Weather
Tokyo has a humid subtropical climate with 4 distinct seasons. Tokyo like most of Japan experiences a rainy season called "tsuyu" which lasts from June to mid July. Tokyo has a cool autumn season where the trees change color, called "momiji". Winters Tokyo are relatively cold and very drive with a few snowfalls yearly, winter has the most sunny days. Spring in Tokyo is pleasant with the cherry blossoms blooming.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo#Climate
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Old January 11th, 2012, 11:10 AM   #6
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Future Vision of Tokyo

These are more than simply "visions" since these are active government policies/projects that they are doing.

"Tokyo in 2020" 『2020年の東京』

Tokyo has revealed their view on how the city should develop until 2020.

The whole program can be viewed on several pdf's that can be downloaded from the website: english http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/PLAN/index.htm japanese http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/INET/KEIKA...2/70lcm101.htm, http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/INET/KEIKA...2/70lcm102.htm

There are several themes that are very important, here are some examples of the focus of the documents.
Safety:
- 100% Earthquake resistance project
- Fire safety projects
- Water

Environment / energy:
- more alternative sources of energy,
- locally produced energy
- creating the worlds cleanest city

Green City
- More trees and green spaces in the city
- Improving the attractiveness of the waterways

Transport
- Improving the roads
- Station projects
- Haneda

Business
- New technologies
- New high class office developments in designated areas.
- Asia's #1 Business city

People
- Focus on reversing the declining birth rate.
- Good facilities for the increasing group of ederly people.

Education
- Creating top schools for everyone

Sport
- Big sporting events
- Creating a good sporting environment for the people.

One of the interesting focus projects that should result in something very visible is the renovation of the Sumida river to make it more attractive. The project is called Sumida River Renaissance 「隅田川ルネサンス」, opening up the river to the city. scroll down in this pdf for more info:
http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/INET/KEIKA...A/70lcm147.pdf

^ Copy and pasted from Momo1435 post

10 Year Project for Green Tokyo. It started in 2006/2007

To double roadside trees in Tokyo to 1 million
• Formation of a “green road network” connecting large scale plots of greenery with roadside trees
Creation of a green island in Tokyo as large as the Imperial Palace’s grounds (Development of Umi-no-Mori)
• Creation of a green space with a size of 1,000 ha (equal to the total area of 1,500 football fields)
• To wage a “green movement,” a Tokyo-wide campaign to gather momentum for greening and to encourage action

BTW if you're curious how they will double the roadside trees in Tokyo, read this. For all you people who hate the roadside utility poles and electrical wires everywhere..

Roadside utility poles will be replaced by trees. Roadside trees will be increased to approximately 700,000 trees in four years. They will be doubled to 1 million trees by the end of fiscal 2015.
• All utility poles along metropolitan roads within a central core area will be removed by the end of fiscal 2015. Utility poles along metropolitan roads mainly in commercial districts outside the central core area will also be removed. After removing the poles, trees will be planted to create a beautiful urban landscape and form a corridor of abundant roadside greenery, making Tokyo into a more livable city.

This picture shows where the Umi no Mori island park is being built on landfill (trash)


You can read all about this 10 year plan for a green Tokyo here (in english).
http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/PL...english_09.pdf

Also buildings larger then 1,000 m2 have to use 20% or more of roof the usably roof space as green roofs.

More info:
http://www.kankyo.metro.tokyo.jp/
http://www.toshiseibi.metro.tokyo.jp/index.html

Energy/Emissions
Tokyo has a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by 2020 from the 2000 level. This will be (attempted) achieved by promotion of electric and hybrid vehicles, converting to LED lights, more efficient Rapid Transit, Subsidies for renewable energy especially household solar panels, and by planting trees.
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Old January 11th, 2012, 11:21 AM   #7
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Tokyo future population estimates

TOKYO (Kyodo) -- Tokyo's population is expected to peak at 13.35 million in 2020, increasing from 13.16 million in the 2010 census, and then take a downturn, according to a recent estimate by the Tokyo metropolitan government.

The ratio of people aged 65 or older in the population is expected to rise from 20.4 percent in 2010 to 24.0 percent in 2020 and 28.9 percent in 2035, the estimate also showed.

As future measures to cope with the situation, the metropolitan government will study formation of a community network to confirm the safety of elderly people and a system to help elderly people find jobs, officials said.

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/...dm009000c.html
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Old January 11th, 2012, 11:25 AM   #8
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Ok the thread is open, please discuss about anything in Tokyo (though try to keep specific projects in the appropriate threads) and suggest statistics to add or update
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Old January 11th, 2012, 04:08 PM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by NihonKitty View Post
Tokyo Statistics
GDP per Capita
Greater Tokyo Area GDP per Capita: $59,000 approx at current exchange rates (approx $45,000 at PPP)
Tokyo Metropolis GDP per Capita: $92,280 at current market exchange rates (approximately $66,000 at PPP value).
Tokyo 23 Wards: ?

Stock Exchange
The TSE is the third largest stock exchange in the world and is currently being merged with the Osaka Stock Exchange.

Please refer to:
http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/index.htm
http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/global500/2010/
A couple of doubts:
-What does "at PPP value" means?
-Once the merging of the OSE and the TSK is done, will it be the second or biggest in the world, or it will stay as it is now?
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Old January 11th, 2012, 09:02 PM   #10
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PPP is the "Purchasing power parity". In other words it can account for the differences in cost. The PPP estimates the "real value" when compared to the USA (dollar). Though it's hardly reliable when it comes to city data since within big countries like Japan prices change from city to city and even within cities. Most international comparisons are done at nominal anyways (market exchange rates) and at least it is "accurate" and not an estimate.

The TSE and OSE will stay as third. It has the potential to overtake NASDAQ if the stocks pick up...but most likely if Tokyo picks up than so will NY. The NYSE is impossible to take over since the NYSE merged with the Euronext. At the very least the merger will secure Tokyo's position as #2 in the world against rising asian cities..(both NASDAQ and NYSE are located in NY).
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Old January 15th, 2012, 03:50 AM   #11
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Interesting thread. How much percentage of Tokyo's area is reclaimed from the sea? It seems like a lot of it's seacoast looks reclaimed or altered. I suppose due to a premium of land space.
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Old January 15th, 2012, 04:03 AM   #12
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It will be a small %..but almost all of the islands in Tokyo bay are "reclaimed" land. Around 20% of the land in Tokyo bay is "reclaimed".
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Old January 16th, 2012, 01:26 AM   #13
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some interesting tidbits..

the Yamanote line used to be considered the BOUNDARY of Tokyo in the earlier 20th century.. now its considered the CORE... tokyo has rapidly expanded since then.

in many areas, much of the street lay out and planning still follow Edo period lay outs, which is why its so cramp and narrow.
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Old January 17th, 2012, 01:35 PM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Xusein View Post
How much percentage of Tokyo's area is reclaimed from the sea? It seems like a lot of it's seacoast looks reclaimed or altered.


Gray: 1999-
Blue: 1986-1998
Cyan: 1976-1985
Green: 1966-1975
Yellow: 1956-1965
Orange: 1946-1955
Red: 1926-1945
Pink: -1925

Reclaimed area, entire Tokyo Bay: 261 km2
Reclaimed area, Tokyo Metropolis only: 66 km2

Tokyo Bay (now): 1,380 km2
Greater Tokyo Area (depends on the definition): 13,556 km2
Tokyo Metropolis: 2,188 km2

Therefore,
Reclaimed area consists 16% of (the former) Tokyo Bay.
Reclaimed area consists 3% of Greater Tokyo Area.
Reclaimed area consists 2% of Tokyo Metropolis.

The small figure is rather deceiving, as the entire Tokyo is quite large, not to mention the Greater Tokyo Area.
As you can see on the map, pretty much all the coast of northern Tokyo Bay has been reclaimed.
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Old January 20th, 2012, 05:02 PM   #15
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Tokyo Tough Enough for Big Quake – Minister
Quote:
If and when the next major earthquake hits Tokyo, Japan’s post March 11-Reconstruction Minister Tatsuo Hirano is convinced the capital, and other urban hubs around the country, are in good shape to withstand the force.

“Please rest assured, and don’t flee Tokyo,” said Mr. Hirano, who is also the country’s minister of state for disaster management, speaking at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club in Tokyo on Thursday.

The reason for his apparent confidence? The strength of Tokyo’s buildings and transportation systems like elevated roadways and tracks.

“I can prove this (safety) by pointing to the fact that despite the strong lateral movements triggered by the March 11 earthquake, the shinkansen (bullet train) recovered very quickly,” he said. “I think this is proof how far our earthquake resistance technology has advanced.”

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government announced on Monday it will begin conducting experiments this month and again in February to determine how best to deal with the droves of commuters passing through Tokyo station, a main travel portal, in the event a big earthquake strikes under the city of 13 million, approximately 10% of Japan’s population.

http://blogs.wsj.com/japanrealtime/2...uake-minister/
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Old January 20th, 2012, 10:36 PM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ukiyo View Post
Tokyo Tough Enough for Big Quake – Minister
"don't flee Tokyo"?
I knew that many foreigners scared out and flee post-tsunami, but I feel this more towards the japanese. Were local people really leaving the city or is it just for reafirmation about Tokyo's safety?
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Old January 20th, 2012, 11:05 PM   #17
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It was mostly foreigners, but some japanese left too..mostly to Osaka and Nagoya. But that wasn't due to the earthquake but due to the fear mongering over nuclear radiation. If there was no radiation scare I doubt any japanese would have left at all.
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Old January 21st, 2012, 08:10 AM   #18
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Quote:
Originally Posted by la.risa.el.olvido View Post
"don't flee Tokyo"?
I knew that many foreigners scared out and flee post-tsunami, but I feel this more towards the japanese. Were local people really leaving the city or is it just for reafirmation about Tokyo's safety?
i know several people, mostly women who ended up taking their children to live with relatives outside of Tokyo (say in Hokkaido or Fukuoka, etc) out of fear for their health.

Some of it is paranoia, but some of it justified with aspects of the government underplaying the scale of the disaster, being more and more well known with the public. They've had the chance to shut down the plant earlier, many agencies pointed the vulnerabilities of the plant but were ignored.. and even after what happened, they have downplayed the extent of the long term damage.
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Old January 23rd, 2012, 09:30 PM   #19
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Tokyo 'has 70% chance of powerful earthquake within four years'
Quote:
Experts in Japan have warned that the chances of a powerful earthquake striking Tokyo in the next four years could be as high as 70%, a more alarming scenario for the city's 13 million people than predicted by the government.

The earthquake research institute at Tokyo University said that in the worst case, a quake of magnitude 7 would hit the southern part of metropolitan Tokyo by 2016, while the chances of a similar disaster occurring within 30 years are as high as 98%.

The government, by contrast, estimates the possibility of an earthquake that size striking the capital at 70% in the next three decades.

The warning comes less than a year after a magnitude-9 earthquake off the country's north-east coast triggered a tsunami that left about 23,000 people dead or missing.

The 11 March earthquake – the biggest in recorded history in Japan – and the tsunami that followed also triggered a meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, forcing the evacuation of tens of thousands of residents.

Although newer buildings in Tokyo are built to withstand powerful earthquakes, a large quake in the city has the potential to cause widespread damage.

According to the government, a magnitude-7.3 earthquake would kill about 5,600 people, injure 159,000 and destroy 850,000 buildings.

More: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012...ake-four-years
Online realtor specializing in low-rent apartments in Tokyo is a hit
Quote:
Tokyo, where space is at a premium, has long had a reputation as being one of the world's most expensive cities for rental accommodation.

But Kenji Yoshioka, operator of an online letting agency he started three months ago, is trying to show another side of the capital by offering places to live for 50,000 yen ($650) or less a month in rent.

His agency, called “monthly rent of 50,000 yen or less dot.com,” has listings for about 2,000 apartments in most of Tokyo’s 23 wards.

Most come with toilet and bath, despite a widespread perception that these "extras" would not normally apply in such a price range.

“Many people are under impression that apartments rented at 50,000 yen or less have worn tatami mats and no baths, as the standard rate is at least 70,000 yen or 80,000 yen,” he said. “Many customers are surprised to find that some of our offers are better than they had expected.”

Yoshioka suspects that real estate agents are reluctant to push low-rent apartments because commission fees, paid in proportion to rents, are low.

“I am intending to put a 50,000-yen cap on monthly rent,” he said. “I want to put a stop to the Tokyo market, which is way too expensive.”

http://ajw.asahi.com/article/behind_...AJ201201230004
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Old February 17th, 2012, 02:46 AM   #20
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Tokyo has released their application for the 2020 olympics, and in it it has some info about the greening going on.



^ The document says all of the green roads (planting of roadside trees) will be completed in 2015 well before the 2020 so they're on schedule.

More info:
Quote:
463 ha of green space were created in the 4 years from 2007 to 2010 in the central city area, and on-going greening projects include planting of street trees and more green space. Since the 2016 Bid commitment of a “Sea Forest”, 17 ha of the planned 88 ha have been planted.
http://www.tokyo2020.jp/en/plan/appl...0_all_enfr.pdf

463 ha is out of the 1,000 planned by 2016. There is also 700,000 street trees from 480,000 in 2006. This will reach 1 million by 2016.
Tokyo is transforming itself into a very green city
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