daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy (aug.2, 2013) | DMCA policy | flipboard magazine

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Continental Forums > Middle East > General Forums > Photo forums

Reply
 
Thread Tools
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:05 PM   #1
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

۞ Almohad Arts & Architecture ۞| (1130-1269)

When the Almohads first took the power in Morocco from the Almovarids in the 1100's AD, they showed their strength by building monuments in the cities of their new empire. They built the Koutoubia mosque right over the top of the old Almovarid palace in Marrakesh! Also, the Almoravids had not allowed people to build minarets, which they thought were wrong, so the Almohads built lots of minarets to show that things had changed. (Compare this minaret to the Romanesque bell tower of St. Germain des Pres in Paris, which was built about 1000 AD).

By 1250 AD, the Christian kings of Spain had pushed the Almohads south so that they only ruled just the city of Granada, far in the south of Spain. There in Granada, the Almohads built their palace, the Alhambra (it means "the Red" in Arabic, probably because of the red color of the bricks). Because the Christian kings were still trying to get the Almohads out of Spain, the Alhambra is first of all a fortress.

t's on top of a steep hill, and it has a fortified wall all the way around it. Originally all the rooms were arranged around a central courtyard, but gradually people added more small courtyards with more rooms around them to make the palace bigger. The outside walls are all plain, with all the decoration on the inside, to show that the palace is meant for insiders and not outsiders.

On the inside, though, the carvers covered every inch of the Alhambra with patterns like lace. In accordance with Islamic rules, they didn't carve any images of people or animals (though the lion fountain you see here is an exception). Everything is either patterns of leaves, Arabic letters, or abstract geometrical patterns. They also used a lot of glazed clay tiles to decorate the walls. In the courtyards, there are fountains everywhere. Because it is always hot in Granada, they didn't build many closed rooms - most of the rooms are open on one side to the courtyards, or separated only by lacy wooden screens.

The builders even carved the ceilings at the Alhambra palace into fancy lace. This is a barrel vaulted ceiling carved out of different kinds of wood, with ivory inlays. Carving by hand, with only iron chisels, this kind of work took years to finish.



Last edited by Redalinho; November 13th, 2009 at 09:26 AM.
Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
 
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:15 PM   #2
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Giralda | Seville | Spain

The minaret of the great Almohad mosque that dominates Seville is the city’s most important monument. The name Giralda is derived from the weathervane-like statue that crowns the building. It has survived in full, with the exception of the very top which was replaced in the AH 10th / AD 16th century with a Christian bell tower.
It is made of brick and has ramps connecting the seven superposed rooms. The decorative networks of rhombuses that spring from the Cordoban capitals and columns salvaged by the Almohads from the ruins of Madinat al-Zahra are also made of brick.

image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr






image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:21 PM   #3
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Koutubia Mosque| Marrakesh | Morocco


The current, imposing Kutubiya is the second mosque of this name built by the Almohad 'Abd al-Mu'min, the first destroyed as it was wrongly oriented.
The building consists of 17 naves running lengthways, and the transverse nave beside the qibla wall has five large arches and five muqarnas (honeycomb) cupolas. The vast mihrab arch is sumptuously decorated. The rectangular courtyard has a circular ablutions basin. The square-plan minaret rises 77 m and is decorated differently on each face. In both architecture and decoration, this is one of the crowning achievements of Islamic art in the West.



















Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:23 PM   #4
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Hassan Tower| Rabat | Morocco

Hassan Tower or Tour Hassan is the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat, Morocco. Begun in 1195, the tower was intended to be the largest minaret in the world along with the mosque, also intended to be the world's largest. In 1199, sultan Yacoub al-Mansour died, and construction on the mosque stopped. The tower only reached 44m (140ft), about half of its intended 86m (260ft) height. The rest of the mosque was also left incomplete, with only the beginnings of several walls and 200 columns being constructed.


image hosted on flickr






image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr


Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:26 PM   #5
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Tinmel| High Atlas | Morocco

Tinmel (also Tin Mal) is a small moutainious village High Atlas in N'ffis valley at 100 km of Marrakech. The Almohad conquerors left this village to conduct their military campaigns against the Almoravids.
With the seizure of Marrakech in 1147, Tinmel becomes the spiritual capital and the artistic centre of the Almohad empire. After the decline of the dynasty, it became again a simple village of the High Atlas.
Today, there remain only some ruins of the wall which surrounded the city and those of the large mosque. Tinmel occupies however a paramount place in the history of Morocco and the Maghreb.
The village is home of the tombs of the Almohad rulers.


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
















Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:26 PM   #6
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Tinmel| High Atlas | Morocco

Tinmel (also Tin Mal) is a small moutainious village High Atlas in N'ffis valley at 100 km of Marrakech. The Almohad conquerors left this village to conduct their military campaigns against the Almoravids.
With the seizure of Marrakech in 1147, Tinmel becomes the spiritual capital and the artistic centre of the Almohad empire. After the decline of the dynasty, it became again a simple village of the High Atlas.
Today, there remain only some ruins of the wall which surrounded the city and those of the large mosque. Tinmel occupies however a paramount place in the history of Morocco and the Maghreb.
The village is home of the tombs of the Almohad rulers.


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
















Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 10th, 2008, 06:26 PM   #7
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Menara Gardens| Marrakesh | Morocco

The gardens are located at the west of Marrakech at the gates of the Atlas mountains. They were built in the 12th century (c. 1130) by the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu'min.
The menara term has been added after the present structure (the pavillon) was founded in the 19th century by the Alaouite ruler Abderrahmane of Morocco where he used to stay in summertime.
The Menara contain a pavilion and a basin (an artificial lake) surrounded by orchards and olive groves. The intention of the basin was to irrigate the surrounding gardens and orchards using a sophisticated system called Qanat. The basin is supplied with water thanks to an old hydraulic system which conveys water from the mountains located at 30 km approximately away from Marrakech.














Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 9th, 2009, 02:44 PM   #8
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Mertola| Beja


Preservation of the basic structure of the building, which dates to the last quarter of the AH 6th / AD 12th century, although the roof was rebuilt in the mid-16th century, afford this church-mosque an irresistible exoticism. The horseshoe arches leading to the sahn (courtyard of the place of worship) and the mihrab, discovered some decades ago, have all survived.
The original building had five naves, each with a gabled roof and four small doors (three leading to the courtyard and one to the outside) with slightly stilted horseshoe arches framed with alfiz panels.



image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr

Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 9th, 2009, 02:45 PM   #9
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Tunis[/COLOR][/CENTER][/B]

This mosque was built at the high-point of the kasbah, once defended by strong walls and the site of the palace of the powerful sultan Abu Zakariyya al-Hafsi. Its status was elevated from courtyard oratory to Friday mosque, a status enjoyed only by the Zaytuna Mosque before the conversion, and it was allocated to worship according to Hanafi school after the arrival of the Turks. The most important part of the mosque is its minaret, which borrows decorative elements from the Almohad towers of the mosque of the Marrakesh kasbah, the Hassan Tower in Rabat and the Giralda in Seville.



image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 13th, 2009, 09:40 AM   #10
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

HASSAN TOWER , Rabat, Morocco



courtesy MaiKoh

Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 13th, 2009, 09:42 AM   #11
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739



Kutubiyya Mosque, Marrakesh, wood minbar (H. 12 ft. 10 in.; W. 2 ft. 10 1/4 in.; D. 11 ft. 4 1/4 in).



Kutubiyya Mosque, Marrakesh, detail of carved panels and marquetry strapwork.

Last edited by Redalinho; November 13th, 2009 at 09:47 AM.
Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 13th, 2009, 09:54 AM   #12
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Bab Rouah | Rabat, Morocco


Bab Rwah is the largest gateway in the Rabat town wall, built by the Almohad Ya'qub al-Mansur. Measuring 28 m wide, 12 m tall and 27 m deep, its four chicanes and its guard rooms reveal its defensive function. The gateway is flanked by two bastions projecting 5 m, which accentuates its majestic character. The archway itself, framed by a kufic inscription, is richly decorated with interlacing designs, archivolts and festoons. Corner columns with capitals support lobed corbels. The existing arch, slightly pointed and stilted, was added in the AH 12th / AD 18th century.



image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 13th, 2009, 09:56 AM   #13
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Gold Tower| Seville, Spain


The Torre del Oro (Spanish for "Gold Tower") is a military watchtower built in Seville, Spain during the Almohad dynasty in order to control access to the city via the Guadalquivir river. The tower was built as part of the defensive works running from the Alcázar to the river. The tower may have received its name from the golden tiles which cover its dome and may have once adorned the rest of the tower.
Constructed in the first third of the 13th century, it has twelve sides, and from its base a chain would be stretched, underwater, across the river to another fort on the opposite shore, thereby preventing enemy ships from traveling upstream to the port of Seville.

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 13th, 2009, 09:59 AM   #14
Redalinho
Registered User
 
Redalinho's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Casablanca
Posts: 8,050
Likes (Received): 739

Alcazab & Espantaperros Tower| Badajoz, Spain


This complex was one of the prototypes of Almohad military architecture in al-Andalus and it is a good example of the complicated defensive system used by the Almohads: chicane entrances making it difficult to enter the complex and widespread use of barbicans or outer walls around the main wall combined with flanking towers such as the Espantaperros.
This extremely important strategic point in the Guadiana plain became an essential part of the defence against the Christian kingdoms when the city became part of the Almohad empire.


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr



image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
image hosted on flickr
Redalinho no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 13th, 2009, 04:44 PM   #15
StormShadow
Registered User
 
StormShadow's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Location: Trying to Escape
Posts: 4,455
Likes (Received): 155

Splendid!
StormShadow no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off



All times are GMT +2. The time now is 04:42 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 1
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like v3.2.5 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu