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Old March 26th, 2004, 02:11 AM   #1
Alvin
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Java-Sumatra tunnel

Construction of Java-Sumatra tunnel to begin in 2005
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta

The government is planning to start the construction of a US$15 billion underground twin tunnel connecting Java and Sumatra early next year, a senior official said on Thursday.

Deputy for infrastructure development of the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) Suyono Dikun said that the project would be financed by a consortium led by European Union investors.

"And by 2008, the project will hopefully be completed," said Suyono, during a seminar on the tunnels, dubbed the Nusantara Tunnel.

"We are also considering the participation of several (Indonesian) state enterprises in the project," he said, hinting that it could include state-owned railway company PT KA, electric company PT PLN, telecommunications company Telkom and petroleum company Pertamina.

To cover required funds of up to US$2 billion for the initial construction and another US$4 million per year for operational and maintenance costs, Suyono further said that there would be a toll of approximately US$20 per vehicle per trip.

The tunnel is planned to be 33 kilometers long, with most of it 40 meters below the ocean bed (averages about 70 meters below sea level) in the Sunda Strait between the Java and Sumatra islands.

Each tunnel will have a cross-section of 8.5 meters in height and 6.5 meters in width, and will contain a railway for two-way electric car trains capable of transporting 15,500 vehicles across the tunnel per day.

Officials of PT Nusantara Tunnel Indonesia (NTI), one of the tunnel's main local investors, presented in the seminar how successful the concept of electric car trains would be for mass transportation, taking the example of the same concept already in use in the Dover Strait Tunnel, commonly referred to as the Channel Tunnel, between France and the British Isles.

Commenting on the construction, State Minister of National Development Planning/Bappenas chairperson Kwik Kian Gie, said that it would be impossible for the government to finance the project by itself.

"The most feasible option is offering the project to investors through a build, operate and transfer (BOT) scheme," he said.

Kwik, also acknowledged how important the project was, citing that it would be essential in connecting Java's main northern route with Sumatra's main highway system.

The tunnels, Kwik continued, would also be an important part of the future "ASEAN route", which is planned to connect the length between Indonesia's Bali and mainland Asia on the Malay peninsula as well as the "Asia route", planned to extend from Bali to Beijing and beyond.
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Old March 26th, 2004, 07:05 AM   #2
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this is a cool project. so later Indonesia can be connected with the rest of ASEAN countries.
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Old March 27th, 2004, 05:42 AM   #3
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Wow, thats awesome. I've ridden the ferry between Java and Sumatra, and they do get very crowded, this would improve things.
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Old April 16th, 2004, 03:56 AM   #4
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I hope this is one piece of the puzzle till the day we can drive from Bangkok to Melbourne!
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Old April 16th, 2004, 06:14 AM   #5
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Bangkok to Melbourne is distant dreams... the distant between Australia and Java/Bali is very far indeed!

Meanwhile, I read one Indonesian newspaper that the construction of bridge between Surabaya and the island of Madura is proceeding, and from the photo I can see the bridge is taking shape, it goes out to the sea. China has helped financing this project.
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Old April 16th, 2004, 06:17 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by teddybear
Bangkok to Melbourne is distant dreams... the distant between Australia and Java/Bali is very far indeed!

Meanwhile, I read one Indonesian newspaper that the construction of bridge between Surabaya and the island of Madura is proceeding, and from the photo I can see the bridge is taking shape, it goes out to the sea. China has helped financing this project.
As you can see...China wants to be able to drive to Melbourne too.

Heard of the Indon-sg bridge proposal?
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Old April 16th, 2004, 09:29 AM   #7
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Singapore-Indonesia bridge is possible... well never heard though.

But OZ-Indonesia bridge will not happen. Because OZ will be flooded with Indonesians, if so... that is why OZ will reject the idea... also with Australian's notorious discrimination.. believe me, won't happen.
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Old April 16th, 2004, 11:27 AM   #8
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Even without the bridge, Oz is already flooded with Indonesian..(I'm one of them) ehhehhe.. especially in Melbourne..
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Old April 16th, 2004, 12:21 PM   #9
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They teach Bahasa Indonesia in Australian schools, which means that Indonesians have made a big impact in Australian society.

Anyways, there used to be a plan for a Sumatra-Malaysia bridge. It was either shelved or postponed during the monetary crisis.
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Old April 16th, 2004, 01:02 PM   #10
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this is not about tunnels...

RI, KL start study for key transmission project
Fitri Wulandari, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta

State electricity firm PT PLN and Malaysian state electricity firm Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) are to start a feasibility study for a power transmission project connecting the two countries.

The project will bring the region one step closer to the realization of a fully integrated power highway among members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

The two utility companies have selected U.S.-based Shaw Power Technology Inc. to conduct a six-month study in May for the Sumatra-Peninsular Malaysia interconnection project.

"If the project is feasible, we would like to start construction as soon as possible," PLN Eddie Widiono told reporters on Thursday.

Eddie did not say when construction would start, but the project is expected to be completed in 2009. PLN and TNB are splitting the US$982,000 cost of the study equally.

The Sumatra-Peninsular Malaysia interconnection project is to stretch 50 to 60 kilometers from the Malaysian Peninsula to Riau, Sumatra.

Eddie said the project was lucrative, as Sumatra holds massive stores of primary energy such as coal and natural gas to generate power, and would enable the two countries to lower power generation costs and conserve power reserves.

"The project could reduce production and operating costs, support the sharing of rotating reserves and mitigate the demand-supply balance," Eddie said.

Once the two systems are connected, it is also expected to lower the amount of investment needed to build new power plants.

Eddie said PLN may benefit from Malaysia's power reserves in providing an extra supply for Sumatra.

Sumatra is one of six regions in Indonesia that are suffering power shortages. With a capacity of only 1,538 megawatts (MW), its maximum peak load reaches 1,838 MW, leaving the island with a power deficit of 300 MW.

The supply grid system could be used to distribute power to the power-hungry Java-Bali grid once the Sumatra-Java interconnection project is completed.

TNB president Pian Sukro said the interconnection grid would enable Malaysia to export its excessive reserves.

At present, power demand in Malaysia stands at 11,700 MW while it has a supply of 17,000 MW.

"We have surplus reserves of 45 percent, which we can share with our neighbors in ASEAN," Pian said.

Malaysia has an interconnection grid to Singapore and Thailand.

The Sumatra-Peninsular Malaysia project is one of three power projects under the ASEAN Interconnection Masterplan Study (AIMS) and was approved during the 2003 ASEAN Energy Ministerial Forum in Langkawi, Malaysia. The others are the transmission line project between Sarawak, East Malaysia, and Indonesia's West Kalimantan, and the Vietnam-Laos transmission project.

ASEAN countries have been working on a transnational power supply grid since 1997, and aims to establish a regional electricity grid by 2020.

Aside from the Malaysia-Singapore and Malaysia-Thailand grids, Thailand and Laos have also been connected by transmission lines.
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Old April 22nd, 2004, 10:20 AM   #11
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Nusantara Channel : The Website

http://www.nusantaratunnel.co.id/

http://www.kompas.com/kompas%2Dcetak...rah/951188.htm

On Kompas Yesterday ( April 21, 2004.), there was ... one whole newspaper page .... illustrating the Nusantara Tunnel
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Old May 20th, 2004, 04:05 PM   #12
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Old May 20th, 2004, 04:09 PM   #13
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Invitation to Bidders

http://www.kimpraswil.go.id/humas/me.../kr-060404.htm

A k s i
6-4-2004 Proyek Jembatan Jawa-Sumatera akan Ditender. Menkimpraswil mengungkapkan, pemerintah akan menyelenggarakan tender internasional untuk menentukan investor yang akan diajak bekerjasama dalam pembangunan proyek jembatan Jawa-Sumatera. Diakui, saat ini ada tiga investor yang berminat untuk mengarap jembatan itu yakni AS, Cina dan Jepang. Menurutnya, pemenangnya nanti akan menjadi penyandang dana mega proyek yang dananya sekitar US$ 4-6 miliar. Ketiga investor yang telah mengajukan proposal itu tidak akan bergabung atau membentuk sebuah konsorsium. Mereka ingin sendiri-sendiri. Karena itu pemerintah harus melakukan proses tender untuk memilih satu diantara ketiga investor ybs. Untuk menjaring investor lokal, dalam waktu dekat pemerintah akan membentuk tim teknis yang bertugas untuk melakukan kajian mengenai kalayakan ekonomi proyek. Dan sebelum dibentuk, pemerintah harus melakukan studi pendahuluan terlebih dulu.
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Old May 20th, 2004, 04:13 PM   #14
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Start of Construction early 2005

http://www.tempo.co.id/hg/ekbis/2004...325-08,id.html

Awal 2005, Terowongan Penghubung Jawa-Sumatera Mulai Dibangun
25 Maret 2004

TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta:Pemerintah memperkirakan pada awal tahun 2005 akan membangun terowongan sepanjang 33 kilometer 40 meter dibawah permukaan laut yang menghubungkan Pulau Jawa dan Sumatera. Total pendanaan sekitar US$ 15 miliar yang akan dibiayai oleh konsorsium Uni Eropa bersama dengan investor lokal, termasuk Pertamina, Perusahaan Gas Negara, PLN, Telkom, Indosat, PT Kereta Api, dan PT Bukit Asam.

Terowongan yang akan dinamakan Terowongan
Nusantara itu direncanakan terdiri dari dua
terowongan kembar yang saling berhubungan dengan
panjang 33 kilometer yang akan dikonstruksi melalui
dua fase. masing-masing terowongan berbentuk elips
ganda dengan sumbu datar sebesar 8,5 meter dan sumbu
vertikal 6,6 meter dan memuat satu lajur dua arah
kereta mobil listrik dengan kapasitas angkut maksimum
sebesar 15.500 satuan mobil penumpang perhari.

Ketebalan tanah di atas terowongan direncanakan
minimum 40 meter, seperti Dover Strait Tunnel.
Kedalaman air laut di bagian atas terowongan maksimum
mencapai 70 meter. Terowongan dibangun dengan tanjakan
maksimum mencapai 2 persen, sedangkan jari-jari
alinyemen horisontal minimum 3.000 meter.

Total dana yang dibutuhkan sekitar US$ 15 miliar yang
berasal dari konsorsium Uni Eropa dan investor lokal.
Sementara pemerintah sendiri tidak akan mengalokasikan
dananya untuk itu.

Untuk fase pertama biaya yang dibutuhkan diperkirakan sekitar US$ 1,5-2 milyar untuk biaya konstruksi dan dan US$ 4 juta pertahun untuk biaya operasi, perbaikan serta perawatan. Hal tersebut mensyaratkan toll free sebesar US$ 20 per satu satuan mobil penumpang per sekali penyeberangan dengan waktu tempuh sekali penyeberagan sekitar 1 jam.

Menteri Negara Perencanaan Pembangunan/Kepala Bappenas
Kwik Kian Gie menyatakan, terowongan tersebut akan
menghubungkan dua koridor penting di Pulau jawa dan
Sumatera, yakni jalur Lintas Timur Sumatera dan Pantai
Utara Jawa."Selain itu dengan terowongan ini
diharapkan mata rantai jalur kereta yang tidak
terputus dari Bali-Jawa-Sumatera-Malaysia-Thailand dan
negara Asia lainnya," katanya di Jakarta, Kamis
(25/3).

Menurut Kwik, pembangunan terowongan itu merupakan
bagian dari pembangunan infrastruktur yang akan
menghubungkan jalur internasional. Pola pendanaan oleh
Konsorsium Uni Eropa dan investor lokal akan
diterapkan dengan pola BOT (Built Operation
Transfer.

Sementara itu, Deputi Infrastruktur Bappenas Suyono
Dikun menyatakan, diperkirakan pembangunan tahap awal
terowongan tersebut sudah dimulai awal tahun depan.
"Mungkin sekitar 2018 terowongan tersebut telah
terealisasi," katanya.

Sebetulnya, kata Suyono, rencana pembanguna terowongan
tersebut telah menjadi wacana sekitar 25 tahun lalu.
Namun rencana tersebut baru bisa direalisasikan dalam
waktu dekat ini. Dia mengakui, konsorsium yang akan
mendanai mega proyek itu berasal dari Uni Eropa yang
bekerja sama dengan investor lokal. "Mengenai
keterlibatan BUMN seperti telkom itu akan
diatur kemudian," ujarnya.

Menurut Suyono, sebetulnya rencana pemerintah selain
membangun terowongan tersebut adalah membangun
jembatan di atas laut. "Daftar investornya (untuk
jembatan) sudah kami terima," katanya. tapi, kata dia,
nantinya akan dipilih apakah akan dibangunterowongan
atau jembatan.

Berarti pembangunan terowongan masih sebatas wacana?
"Kita akan lihat siapa yang akan lebih siap, kita akan
argumentasikan mana yang lebih menguntungkan buat
negara," ujarnya. Nantinya akan dipilih salah satu,
jika akan dibangun terowongan, berarti jembatan tidak
lagi akan dibangun.

kendati demikian Suyono mengakui, prospek pembangunan
terowongan lebih prospektif dan lebih aman. Alasannya,
pembangunan jembatan lebih beresiko."Jembatan lebih
rentan terhadap gempa," katanya.

Sementara itu, PT Nusantara Tunnel Indonesia (PT NTI),
salah satu calon investor yang berminat, dalam
makalahnya mnyebutkan, terowongan yang akan dibangun
tersebut dirancang untuk melewatkan rangkaian
kereta-kereta mobil listrik (electric car
train) yang telah terbukti efektif dipergunakan
sebagai angkutan massal dalam Seiken Tunnel di Tsugaru
Strait, Jepang, yang menghubungkan Pulau Honshu dan
Pulau Hokkaido, serta Dover Strait Tunnel yang
menghubungkan Inggris dan Perancis. Sebagai catatan, kondisi geologi Tsugaru Strait dilaporkan memiliki kemiripan dengan kondisi geologi di Selat Sunda.

Untuk melayani penumpang, demikian dikatakan NTI, akan
disediakan gerbong dtar ( flat car) untuk
selanjutnya ditarik oleh lokomotif listrik melintasi
terowongan itu. Selain berfungsi sebagai jalur kereta,
terowongan akan digunakan untuk melewatkan
fasilitas-fasilitas pipa minyak dan gas, slurry batubara, kabel-kabel listrik tegangan tinggi, dan kabel-kabel telekomunikasi sehingga menjadi terowongan multi fungsi.

Terowongan juga dilengkapi dengan sepasang galeri di
sisi kiri dan kanan jalur kereta yang berfungsi sebagai
galeri perawatan darurat (emergency gallery)
apabila terjadi keadaan darurat dalam terowongan.
Pipa-pipa hidran serta pipa-pipa yang megalirkan gas
CO2 juga disiapkan untuk segera memadamkan api bila
terjadi kebakaran di lorong kereta sementara penumpang
dapat dengan aman menunggu di galeri ini.

Danto - Tempo News Room
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Old May 21st, 2004, 07:17 AM   #15
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I think why this tunnel is ready to be built next year because of the massive cheap tickets from the airlines industry, I tink Kwik kian gie is trying to save the bus/train industry by building this tunnel.


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Old May 23rd, 2004, 12:42 PM   #16
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That's a huge project, but it's amazing to see it proceeding. Incredible integration going on there.
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Old May 24th, 2004, 04:41 AM   #17
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Yeah, it will surely help people from Java to move Sumatra so java wont get crowded by the time its surpassed 150 million !


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Old May 25th, 2004, 05:55 PM   #18
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They should build more tunnels or bridges then there are no 'boundaries'.
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Old May 26th, 2004, 03:28 AM   #19
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Are there any tunnels in Jakarta or anywhere else in Indonesia now ??
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Old May 26th, 2004, 06:18 AM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AsIaBoYz
Are there any tunnels in Jakarta or anywhere else in Indonesia now ??
The longest tunnel is only 920m , It is on the railroad track between Jakarta and Bandung, located at Sasaksaat.
Even ... the Dutch Colonial who built it .....

We don't have many experiences on this tunnel thing , hope the Java Sumatera Tunnel will bring us knowledge how to build tunnel ....
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