|September 6th, 2008, 05:06 AM||#1|
EiGhT 5 & tWo
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Hong Kong
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Lift Projects for Disabled Access
Lift project offers easier access
The disabled and others with mobility problems now have better access across Hong Kong thanks to the Highways Department's installation of elevators for 17 footbridges.
Five are on Hong Kong Island, five in Kowloon and seven in the New Territories. Another near Tai Wo Hau MTR station will be completed by year's end.
One is being tendered, five are in design stage, and more are in the pipeline as the phase two study on 28 footbridges and 18 subways will be completed next year.
Easy access: Highways Department Senior Engineer (Bridges & Structures) Chow Wing-kwong discusses the installation of lifts and stairlifts on footbridges. More Photos
The department manages 600 public footbridges and 320 pedestrian subways. Of them, 120 footbridges and 60 subways were built before the 1990s and are not easily accessible by the disabled.
Senior Engineer (Bridges & Structures) Chow Wing-kwong told news.gov.hk the addition of lifts or ramps to these facilities will give the elderly and the disabled, and anyone else in wheelchairs, better mobility around Hong Kong's streets.
"Some of the selected footbridges in the first batch are in locations frequented by the disabled," Mr Chow said. "We take the initiative to contact disabled groups to seek their views in taking forward these works."
The footbridge across Kwun Tong Road near Choi Shek Lane is one of the first-batch projects installed with lifts to facilitate patrons of the Federation of Handicapped Youth's employment service centre and the disabled residents in Kai Yip Estate.
Elderly homes or clinics in the vicinity are also a factor, Mr Chow said, as many people in wheelchairs use these facilities. The footbridge at Shau Kei Wan Road linked the nearby MTR station has been retrofitted with two lifts to serve people using the Jockey Club Clinic.
The department, in deciding project priorities, consider the availability of existing access for the disabled, community views, technical viability, pedestrian flow and usage rate, and the infrastructure's remaining lifespan.
Due to the city's high-density development, limited land and dense underground public facilities some projects require further study and analysis to confirm feasibility, Mr Chow said. Each project usually takes 16 to 18 months to complete.
The lift towers have no machine room and operate round-the-clock with air-conditioning. To tie in with the environment, the towers' materials and colour match the original footbridges, and some greening is also conducted, such as the project at Arsenal Street in Admiralty.
All lifts cater to the disabled's needs, including illuminated visual and audible devices, handrails at suitable height, and braille and tactile buttons.
Besides an emergency alarm button and intercom, there will be a telemetry system with closed-circuit television camera to send fault signals to a 24-hour monitoring centre.
"The projects are generally supported by residents, local groups and district councils. To further enhance project efficiency we will put more emphasis on consultation and planning in the initial stages," Mr Chow said.
|September 8th, 2008, 05:46 PM||#2|
Join Date: Sep 2002
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Barrier-Free Hong Kong
City starts to break down barriers
The government's renovations plans and its rules for new buildings will open up Hong Kong to everyone.
5 September 2008
South China Morning Post
A vision of ensuring equal access to a city's amenities for all residents, regardless of their age and physical conditions, is the ultimate goal of architects and city planners.
But Hong Kong - squeezed for space, high-rise and traffic-bound - is still a city most suited to the young, fit and able-bodied.
The notion of "barrier-free access" was virtually unheard of 20 years ago, and wheelchairs were rarely seen on the city walkways and pavements. But over the past two decades, more comprehensive building regulations and a greater awareness of the need for accessible architectural designs slowly redressed the oversights of the past.
The government will complete renovation of more than 190 public housing estates by the end of this year, adding features such as ramp accesses and tactile guide-paths to outdoor spaces, and grip rails and shower facilities to individual flats. It will also issue the new building planning regulations - the Design Manual 2008 - which will increase the mandatory requirements for disabled access to new buildings, and reinforce the shift from barrier-free access to "architecture for all".
"There is higher public expectation and a growing demand for a more sustainable and accessible built environment in which people with diverse needs and lifestyles can be satisfied," said a spokesman for the government's Architectural Services Department. "In terms of accessibility, the goal of the department is to adopt a holistic approach to cater for diversity in meeting the needs of all sectors of society, including those with different abilities, the young and the elderly."
The new regulations will reinforce mandatory architectural features such as a ramped access to the entrance way of a building, a wide-roomed toilet for wheelchair users and lifts with Braille buttons. It will also outline a number of "good practice" features such as increasing the lux level of lights to help the partially sighted, the use of auditory signals to help the visually challenged, and wider walkways and doorways to increase the mobility of wheelchair and pushchair users.
But, while these regulations offer Hong Kong a baseline of universal accessibility, encouraging private developers to go beyond the minimum towards architecture for all is far from easy.
Ivan Ho Man-yiu, director of Ivanho Architect, said: "Most of the developers in the commercial field still consider their role as profit generators. Although I can start to see some change, the majority consider money their primary concern. Anything extra, beyond the requirements of the law, is hard for us to convince them to do."
Joseph Kwan Kwok-lok, director of the International Union of Architects Work Programme in Hong Kong, and a past vice-president of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects, has seen the Design Manual progress from its 1984 version to the present. He said that there was still "significant room for improvement".
"The government needs to recognise the issue of universal access and not just in a token way. The Design Manual is still a basic minimum," he said.
Raising local awareness about the impact and importance of equal, accessible architecture is one of the missions of the ReHabAid Centre, a local organisation providing specialised rehabilitation, education and consultancy services to people with disabilities.
Cecilia Lam Shiu-ling, hospital chief executive at ReHabAid Centre under the management of the Hospital Authority, said: "I think sometimes there is a lack of awareness about how to provide solutions. And they [developers and architects] need to know that there are many different ways to follow the ordinance to make it work."
Ms Lam wants to see more government-led initiatives to educate architects and developers about the new regulations and to monitor compliance in the private sector.
She believes that offering incentives to smaller, private developers and even running competitions to encourage better universal design will help create lasting change.
"Sometimes people have the wrong idea about accessible design. For instance, they think that things are going to be expensive. But if you consider universal accessibility and design at the beginning, this need not be the case," Ms Lam said.
Despite improvements in the regulations and a growing awareness of the needs of people with disabilities, the Design Manual can create serious challenges for architects. Renovating an existing building can uncover tricky issues that will oppose universal accessibility. The need to retain a historic feature, for example, can render any of the mandatory access features impossible. And space limitations can make the inclusion of a basic access ramp at the correct gradient, difficult.
Mr Ho said: "In certain situations it is next to impossible to fulfil the requirements. With universal accessibility as a target, as a norm, we also need to look at individual cases. We are a high-density city - we are very compact - and the building lots in urban areas are very close, and this can make universal accessibility very difficult."