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Old February 8th, 2012, 02:29 PM   #1
RS_UK-PL
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Post-War Reconstruction of Gdańsk

Post-war reconstruction of Gdańsk (Polish city on the Baltic coast).

The city was part of Polish Prussia (Royal Prussia, the richest region of Kingdom of Poland) between 1454-1793, represented by Poland between 1920-1939 as Free City of Danzig/Wolne Miasto Gdansk and is part of Poland since 1945. Unfortunately, Gdańsk was heavily damaged by Soviets and Nazis (Festung Danzig) during WW2. Poles are trying to rebuild this lost city...



The old Pomeranian proverb says:
"Gdańsk - rich, Królewiec - large,
Elbląg - fortified, Toruń - beautiful.
"

Golden House (Złota kamienica)

Before WW2



1946



Now




Długie Pobrzeże

Before WW2



1946



Now

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Old February 8th, 2012, 03:32 PM   #2
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Looking forward to more.
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Old February 8th, 2012, 04:23 PM   #3
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Long Street (Ulica Długa)

Before WW2



1946



Now

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Old February 8th, 2012, 05:23 PM   #4
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Unfortunately, not all of the buildings have been reconstructed to date. There is still an awful lot of work to do.

Granary Island (Wyspa Spichrzów)

Before WW2



Now



Old Town (Stare Miasto)

Before WW2



Now



Ulica Powroźnicza

Before WW2



Now



Is it me or street above lost its pre-war character? It looks a bit dull and boring now.

City was much more beautiful in 1930s as you can see here...http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKcGGxYuNlE
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Old February 8th, 2012, 06:44 PM   #5
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Wow, awesome idea for a thread. Let's keep this one going guys. It should serve as an educational tool on how to reconstruct historical structures.
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Old February 8th, 2012, 06:50 PM   #6
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By the way, is Gdansk looking to faithfully reconstruct other historical buildings?
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Old February 8th, 2012, 07:38 PM   #7
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It's funny how some buildings look more rich than before war (the first example).
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Old February 8th, 2012, 11:07 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by uunxx View Post
It's funny how some buildings look more rich than before war (the first example).
They look 'rich' now, but if you look closer you found that in XVII and XIX century this houses also rook rich:

1765(building on right):


1876:


1920's:


dunno why Germans simplified them...
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Old February 9th, 2012, 03:10 AM   #9
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Sorry for comments in Polish only but pictures are worth it:

Quote:
Originally Posted by mckfmn View Post
W Gdańsku zniszczenia historycznego śródmieścia były oceniane na coś ponad 90%. Zdecydowano się rekonstruować tylko Główne Miasto oraz fragment Starego, na Starym Przedmieściu, Dolnym Mieście i Długich Ogrodach wprowadzając współczesną zabudowę (często bloki). Na temat rekonstrukcji Głównego Miasta można przeczytać w 2 tomach "Wspomnień z odbudowy Głównego Miasta" (Gdańsk, 1978, 1997), będących zbiorem relacji ludzi zaangażowanych w tę odbudowę - głównie architektów i rzemieślników. Jest tam również kalendarium odbudowy.

Kilka fot pokazujących skalę zniszczeń jak i odbudowy...

Główne Miasto 1945:

Podobno wypalone mury niszczone były przez kolejne 2 lata przez silne wiarty sztormowe także straty były wyższe.


("Był Sobie Gdańsk 1945") panorama Głównego Miasta z 1948, po odgruzowaniu. W tle po lewej kościół Mariacki. Widać już zrekonstruowany hełm wieży Ratusza Głównego Miasta i dachy kościoła NMP. Gdybyśmy chcieli wykonać podobne zdjęcie dzisaj, po drodze mielibyśmy m. in. najbardziej "gdańską" i turystyczną ul. Mariacką. Na zdjęciu nie ma po niej śladu. Poniżej widać, że to co zostało z Mariackiej to tylko przedproża.


Dziś wygląda to tak:


To, co zostało z Żurawia po marcu 1945:


odbudowa 1957 (Gazeta Wyborcza):



Zdjęcia z II połowy lat 1950-tych. Widać ulice prostopadłe do Motławy. Pierzeję równoległą do rzeki, która byłaby tu na pierwszym planie odbudowano dopiero ok 1990 r.

Z 85 kamienic na ul. Długiej (tej głównej ulicy starego śródmieścia), w 1945 stały tylko 3. Poniżej widac budowę kamienic przy Złotej Bramie:


Dziś wygląda to tak (kamienice z lewej):

fot. T. Fijałkowski

Podobnie sąsiednia Ogarna odbudowana jest od poziomu piwnic:


Dziś Główne Miasto wygląda tak:

(www.kobidz.pl)

i jest dziwną modernistyczno-historyzującą hybrydą. Rekonstrukcja w różnym nasileniu trwa do dziś. Jakieś 10 lat temu ogłoszono "II odbudowę Głównego Miasta", tj. plan miejscowy dla tej dzielnicy przewidujący odbudowę kolejncyh 150 kamienic - głównie przy ulicach prostopadłych do Motławy, dotychczas nie rekonstruowanych. Odbudowa centralnie położonej w Śródmieściu Wyspy Spichrzów, choć od dawna postanowiona, nie zaczęła się do dzisiaj.

(zdjęcia które nie są podpisane inaczej przeskanowałem z I tomu "Wspomnień z odbudowy")
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Old February 9th, 2012, 02:12 PM   #10
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Looks fantastic, but knowing most buildings are fake makes them uninteresting. They are now just culturally hollow structures merely created to appeal us aestheticly.
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Old February 9th, 2012, 02:30 PM   #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mr Bricks View Post
Looks fantastic, but knowing most buildings are fake makes them uninteresting. They are now just culturally hollow structures merely created to appeal us aestheticly.
Just come to Gdańsk one day and see it's far to be "culturally hollow". The rebuilt buildings incorporate many surviving original details, parts of walls (sometimes large) and of course basements. It's to such extent that there are still, long time after the war, hidden treasures, like frescos, being discovered. But even without that it's not a theme park, it doesn't have a feeling of a theme park, Gdańsk has a feeling of totally real city where people have put a lot of heart and effort into rebuilding it.
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Old February 9th, 2012, 02:32 PM   #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mr Bricks View Post
Looks fantastic, but knowing most buildings are fake makes them uninteresting. They are now just culturally hollow structures merely created to appeal us aestheticly.
What on earth makes them fake?

A city was destroyed, and her people rebuilt the city's beauty. It was theirs to rebuild, and they did. If you had such a glorious architectural heritage you wouldn't just give it away, would you?

Just because it was knocked down doesn't mean it can't be put back up.
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Old February 9th, 2012, 03:02 PM   #13
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mr Bricks View Post
Looks fantastic, but knowing most buildings are fake makes them uninteresting. They are now just culturally hollow structures merely created to appeal us aestheticly.
Well, I cannot imagine this place filled with commieblocks

Anyway, today if someone want to put building in oldtown area, only modern architecture is allowed, let's take a look:






At least they doesn't look fake, right?
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Old February 9th, 2012, 03:36 PM   #14
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Pre-war photos in colour: http://www.danzig-online.pl/color/a0.html

Post-war photos (1945): http://www.danzig-online.pl/1945.html

Post-war photos in colour (1946): http://www.danzig-online.pl/color/1946.html

Gdansk is an amazing example of Polish after-war reconstructions. Over the next 50, maybe 100 years city should return to its glory.

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Old February 9th, 2012, 03:50 PM   #15
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Arthur's Court (Dwor Artusa)

Before WW2



After WW2



Now

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Old February 9th, 2012, 04:03 PM   #16
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The Green Gate (Brama Zielona)

Before WW2



After WW2



Now

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Old February 9th, 2012, 04:34 PM   #17
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''Looks fantastic, but knowing most buildings are fake makes them uninteresting. They are now just culturally hollow structures merely created to appeal us aestheticly.''

-----------

couldn't agree more with you........these buildings are so appealing aestheticly, one of the purposes of architecture, isn't it?
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Old February 9th, 2012, 04:41 PM   #18
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I hope to see the reconstruction of...

Great Synagogue (Wielka Synagoga)





It was demolished by Nazis in 1939.
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Old February 9th, 2012, 05:58 PM   #19
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Medieval Port Crane (Żuraw)

Before WW2



After WW2



Now

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Old February 9th, 2012, 09:57 PM   #20
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Still one of my favourite reconstructions, but did it always had the same street patern as pre-World War 2, or did the communists reorganized the streets after World War 2?
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