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Old November 17th, 2014, 07:10 PM   #301
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Originally Posted by Brisavoine
The New Caledonian statistical office (ISEE) has released today the population tallies from the August 2014 census for New Caledonia (population tallies for the communes/municipalities will probably be released tomorrow).

On August 26, 2014, the population of New Caledonia stood at 268,767. This is higher than what ISEE expected (basically, New Caledonia should have reached 268,000 inhabitants in January 2015 according to their estimates, not in August 2014).

Population growth in New Caledonia has accelerated. Between the 1996 and 2009 censuses, population growth had been +1.68% per year (+3,671 inhabitants per year), but between the 2009 and 2014 censuses it was +1.79% per year (+4,562 inhabitants per year).

Of all the departments and overseas communities of France, New Caledonia is the 3rd fastest growing.

Latest intercensal population growth:
- French Guiana: +2.90% per year (between the 2006 and 2011 censuses)
- Mayotte: +2.63% per year (between 2007 & 2012)
- New Caledonia: +1.79% per year (between 2009 & 2014)
- St Barth: +1.69% per year (between 2007 & 2011)
- Tarn-et-Garonne (commuter belt of Toulouse): +1.51% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Southern Corsica: +1.45% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Vendée: +1.45% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Haute-Savoie (suburbs of Geneva): +1.42% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Corsica (entire island): +1.35% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Landes: +1.35% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Ain (suburbs of Lyon and Geneva): +1.28% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Upper Corsica: +1.26% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Haute-Garonne (Toulouse metro area): +1.22% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Hérault: +1.19% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Hautes-Alpes: +1.17% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- La Réunion: +1.16% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Saint-Pierre & Miquelon: -0.15% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Ardennes: -0.18% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Cher: -0.19% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Indre: -0.24% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Martinique: -0.28% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Cantal: -0.28% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Nièvre: -0.35% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Haute-Marne: -0.57% per year (between 2006 & 2011)
- Wallis & Futuna: -1.93% per year (between 2008 & 2013)

On a side note, Wallis & Futuna is losing population because its youth is leaving the islands and migrating to New Caledonia.
Originally Posted by Brisavoine
The New Caledonian office ISEE has published the population tallies from the August 2014 census for all the communes (municipalities) of New Caledonia.

Here is the map showing population growth in each commune between the 2009 and 2014 censuses. Some significant changes compared to the 1996-2009 intercensal period (2nd map below).

Note that the maps show the average yearly population growth. Anything above +1% would be considered high in Europe. Also, for an idea of dimensions, the distance from the southern tip to the northern tip of the main island is the same as between Strasbourg and Ghent (Belgium). New Caledonian communes are very large.

In a nutshell: the Loyalty Islands have stopped losing population, the western coast (predominantly inhabited by Melanesian Kanaks) has also recovered demographically (less outmigration), and on the eastern coast (where most people of European ancestry live), a new urban area centered on Voh-Koné-Pouembout is now emerging in the North Province (a stronghold of the pro-independence Kanak parties), challenging the utter domination of Nouméa.

The Greater Nouméa metropolitan area (communes of Nouméa, Le Mont-Dore, Dumbéa, and Païta) reached a population of 179,509 inhabitants at the 2014 census, up from 163,723 inhabitants at the 2009 census. That's a population growth of +1.83% per year (+3,106 inhabitants per year) between 2009 and 2014.

Some aerial views showing urbanization in the metro area:

Greater Nouméa is now barely growing above New Caledonia's average (+1.83% per year for Greater Nouméa vs +1.79% per year for New Caledonia). This is a significantly lower growth rate than during the 1996-2009 intercensal period. In fact +1.83% per year is the lowest relative growth rate experienced by Greater Nouméa since the 1956 census.

The reason for that is probably in a large measure the end of the great migration of Kanak people from the Loyalty Islands and the mainland's west coast to Nouméa. Kanak youths from these rural areas swelled the population of Nouméa till the late 2000s, but this movement has apparently been halted to some degree, which explains why the Loyalty Islands are growing again, and the western coast is also recovering.

Another reason that explains the lower growth rate of Nouméa is of course the emergence of a new urban area around Voh-Koné-Pouembout, in the North Province. Koné was selected as the capital of the North Province created in 1989 to appease the pro-independence Kanak parties. The pro-independence Kanak parties are a minority in the Congress of New Caledonia (a majority of New Caledonia's population is neither Kanak nor in favor of independence), and have no chance to be in power in Nouméa. The North Province was carved especially for them, with essentially Kanak-inhabited communes, so they could win a majority of votes there and rule the province. Basically, the pro-independence Kanak parties have accepted European rule in Nouméa in exchange for Kanak rule in the North Province + the promise of an independence referendum in the late 2010s.

In the past 10 years, Koné and its neighboring communes Pouembout and Voh have become more and more the focus of Kanak politics and economy (some nickel mines in the area were ceded to the Kanak provincial authorities), replacing the west coast as the main focus of Kanak politics. These 3 communes (known as VKP in New Caledonia) have sort of become a showcase for the pro-independence cause. Between the 2009 and 2014 censuses, the three communes of VKP registered a population growth of +6.11% per year (+670 inhabitants per year), and their population at the 2014 census reached 13,091 inhabitants.

This is the first time a city emerges in New Caledonia outside of Nouméa. Don't know how big it can grow. Probably if the independence referendums fail (as they probably will), the Kanak parties will keep pouring money and people in VKP to establish it as a rival of Nouméa. If, on the other hand, New Caledonia becomes an independent Kanak Republic (very unlikely), VKP will probably fall into oblivion as the Kanak politicians resettle in Nouméa.

Some aerial views of the emerging VKP conurbation:

The nearby nickel mines transferred to the Kanak authorities of the North Province:


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Old November 30th, 2014, 06:23 PM   #302
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Originally Posted by Brisavoine
This has received close to no attention from the national French media, but a new city district called Soula is currently under construction in the suburbs of Cayenne, on the other side of the large Cayenne River. As far as I know, it's the largest city district currently under construction in France.

At the moment there is only one bridge crossing the Cayenne River, but a second one is planned, running parallel to the Larivot Bridge.


Soula will be a so-called "eco-city", and intends to become the first sustainable Amazonian city (they will pioneer the concept of sustainable tropical city).

2,600 dwellings are planned to be built in this new urban district spread over 4 km² (1.5 mi²). They will house approximately 10,000 people. Stores, shops, banks, restaurants, and one large supermarket are also planned. Various crèches (kindergarten), 5 primary schools and 2 high schools are planned, as well as parks and leisure grounds (sports fields). A business park close to the road linking Cayenne to Kourou is also planned. Finally a Catholic church is also planned for this new urban district.

Some satellite views of the area:

And this is what's planned:

A close-up view of the Coeur de Soula ("Heart of Soula"):

This is the exact administrative limits of this new city district:

And this is how it looked on the ground in 2010 (viewed from the north towards the south):

And now:

Below, the mid-rise buildings under construction at Coeur de Soula ("Heart of Soula"). Coeur de Soula will concentrate most mid-rise buildings and social housing, as well as most stores and shops.

Below, this is what's planned at Rives de Soula ("Soula's Riverbanks"). Rives de Soula will be a more residential area, with smaller buildings and individual houses owned by their inhabitants.

Construction at the Rives de Soula started in August 2013:

Some other residential dwellings under construction throughout Soula:


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Old December 25th, 2014, 09:48 PM   #303
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An article found by Brisavoine:

Originally Posted by Brisavoine
An interesting article in Le Figaro about the economic potential of St Pierre & Miquelon, by Arctic researcher Mikå Mered.
François Hollande à Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon : la France à la conquête de l'Arctique

Par Mikå Mered
Le Figaro
23 décembre 2014

Mikå Mered est Chercheur spécialiste de la géopolitique de l'Arctique, co-fondateur du Cluster Polaire Français.


Ce séjour présidentiel, c'est l'occasion de réussir là où Michel Rocard et Jacques Chirac ont échoué en 1989, 1992 et 1999: donner un cap économique innovant pour les vingt prochaines années et enrayer le déclin de l'archipel entamé il y a plus de 20 ans. Mais ce ne sera pas le cas, faute à une inertie stratégique et au manque de confiance des élus locaux dans leur “nordicité”.


Une économie sous perfusion depuis 20 ans

L'archipel n'échappe pas à l'opposition entre la vision statique et juridique du politique d'un côté, et la vision dynamique de l'économie que les français réclament. A SPM, les grands travaux qui maintenaient l'économie de l'île sous perfusion arrivent à leur fin: aéroport, centrale EDF, nouvel hôpital... Le nouveau Grand Port soutenu par le MEDEF, permettra de créer 100 à 200 nouveaux emplois ; une bonne nouvelle issue du privé qui cache la stratégie inexistante du public.

Le Schéma de Développement Stratégique (SDS) 2014 du Conseil Territorial inclura des perspectives de développement Arctique. A Paris, ni la commission «Innovation 2030», ni la Banque Publique d'Investissement, ni le Commissariat Général à la Stratégie et à la Prospective (CGSP) ne se sont prononcés sur l'Arctique ou Saint-Pierre et Miquelon.

Or, SPM se situe aux carrefour des routes maritimes arctiques et atlantiques Nord et à la sortie du Saint-Laurent. Les grands ports voisins de Halifax (Canada) et Portland (USA) orientent désormais leur stratégie économique vers l'Arctique et obtiennent déjà des résultats sous la forme d'investissements et de créations d'emplois.

Penser avec 20 ans d'avance: 2035 plutôt que 2017!

Dit autrement, depuis 20 ans, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon a perdu l'occasion d'avoir un coup d'avance sur ses voisins par pur attentisme et par la négligence de Paris... Paradoxalement, l'actuelle ministre du développement et de la francophonie, Annick Girardin, est le député de l'archipel.

À l'horizon 2035, qu'inventer pour créer de l'emploi? Cette question, François Hollande n'y répondra pas plus durant son déplacement que Jacques Chirac et Michel Rocard en leur temps. Il s'exprimera sur l'histoire de l'archipel, sa culture et fera des annonces quasi-exclusivement sur le social.

Les cailloux français du bout du monde peuvent eux aussi être des territoires d'innovation à part entière! SPM pourrait, à l'horizon 2035, être le porte-avion de la France dans l'Arctique américain. Alors que le PIB de l'Arctique pourrait tripler à la faveur des bouleversements climatiques, la France pourrait s'y positionner comme un outsider crédible de par sa capacité de projection géoéconomique et son excellence technologique en milieu polaire.

Au-delà de son potentiel touristique, Saint-Pierre doit se vendre comme le poste avancé arctique des régies portuaires de Portland, Boston ou New York, qui développent toutes trois actuellement une stratégie commerciale arctique.

Saint-Pierre: l'île des Polartechs

Saint-Pierre peut être l'île des “Polartechs” — ces solutions technologiques développées en milieu polaire qui débouchent sur des innovations de très haute valeur ajoutée en milieux tempérés. Elle pourrait accueillir le premier incubateur de start-ups polaire au monde pour créer des passerelles entre recherche fondamentale et applications industrielles issues du polaire.

Grâce à une certaine autonomie fiscale, elle pourrait également développer un centre financier spécialisé sur les enjeux arctiques et environnementaux. À l'heure où seuls 25 % des coûts climatiques sont assurés, SPM pourrait devenir la nouvelle vitrine assurantielle française, plutôt que de laisser ce marché à Londres ou Zurich.


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Old June 25th, 2015, 03:01 AM   #304
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Would be cool if these islands started developing large economies with skyscrapers etc..
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Old June 25th, 2015, 01:28 PM   #305
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not sure
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france, suriname

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