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Old July 10th, 2004, 06:40 PM   #1
muchbetter
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CHINA | Railways

(All of these are posted originally by mozilla, thanks.)
The new Qinghai-Xizang(Tibet) railroad u/c

Qingzang railroad


Qingzang railroad u/c


New locomotive made for Qingzang railroad

DF889002, Divine boat in the snow land

Last edited by muchbetter; July 12th, 2004 at 05:10 PM.
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Old July 10th, 2004, 07:40 PM   #2
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Tianjin newly built light rail, from city to the habor.

The car was made in Changchun

Inside the train


Nice train

Train in the station

escalate
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Old July 10th, 2004, 07:53 PM   #3
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New Beijing North railway station plan. Beijing will build a very large morden traffic center at Xizhimen, for both railroad and light-rail.


The model

Bombardier in China

It is T135/136 Jinan-Beijing, I think the train is made in Qingdao (JV with Bombardier). Also Shang-Beijing also use Qingdao Bombardier.

The LCD on the train

Pretty empty

The door between coaches

The door

The table

The lights, adjustable heads

The toilet

The seats

A better seat. The button can adjust the seat height
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Old July 10th, 2004, 08:15 PM   #4
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Traveling on Chinastar from Shenyang to Qinghuangdao

Chinastar (中华之星)
“中华之星”高速列车是为京秦沈快速客运通道研制的主型列车,由铁道部组织全国机车车辆制造工厂、科研院所、高等院校联合攻关共同研制,主机厂包括株洲电力机车厂、大同机车车辆厂、长春客车厂和四方机车车辆厂。该车采用了交直交传动技术、计算机网络控制技术等众多国际先进技术,体现了我国机车车辆制造技术的最高水平。

“中华之星”高速列车是为京秦沈快速客运通道研制的主型列车,由铁道部组织全国机车车辆制造工厂、科研院所、高等院校联合攻关共同研制,主机厂包括株洲电力机车厂、大同机车车辆厂、长春客车厂和四方机车车辆厂。该车采用了交直交传动技术、计算机网络控制技术等众多国际先进技术,体现了我国机车车辆制造技术的最高水平。

中华之星”目前有两辆机车,其中DJJ2-0001由南车集团株州电力机车厂生产,ADJJ2-0001B由北车集团大同机车厂生产。两车使用同一图纸,因而基本上是完全一样的,只是由于各厂工艺条件不同,局部有细微差别。拖车分别由四方和长客生产。

“中华之星”动车组的车头外形是根据空气动力原理设计,以减少空气阻力。我国“八五”以来,对高速列车动力学问题进行了大量的理论和实验研究,包括风动实验、弹射实验、线路实验等,“中华之星”就是这些研究成果的具体体现。

主要技术参数如下:
1 列车型式
列车采用交直交电力牵引,由分别编组在头部和尾部的两个动力车以前拉后推的方式推挽运行。
2 列车组成
列车由2辆动力车和9辆拖车组成,中间拖车包括2辆一等座车,6辆二等座车,1辆酒吧车。
3 最高运营速度 270km/h
最高试验速度 > 300km/h
4 轮周牵引功率 9600kW
5 电制动功率 8800kW
6 列车定员 ≥ 700人
7 列车总重 约 678 t
8 列车总长 约 280 m
9 供电制式 单相工频交流,额定电压为25kV
The highest speed: 270km/h

Close view

车厢内部,每个座位前都有闭路电视
Now everyone has a LCD screen

密接钩

车厢走行部

A bar, wow


class A , by CCC (Changchun Car Company)



class B, by Qingdao Sifang works

Last edited by muchbetter; July 11th, 2004 at 04:57 AM.
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Old July 10th, 2004, 08:19 PM   #5
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北京神州号属于动力集中式双层内燃动车组,分双层空调硬座车和双层空调软座车两个车种。总体列车由动车+10辆双层拖车+动车组成。子弹头列车的车头采用了目前世界上较先进的分布式计算机控制系统,可以避免因一个地方发生故障而导致“全身瘫痪”。自动监控系统可显示列车运行的重要参数,驾驶员一目了然。列车装用的新型准高速转向架确保安全,空气弹簧减震使列车平稳,即使在高速运行中发生意外紧急刹车,列车仍旧平稳如常,还有全球卫星定位系统等其他现代化设施。

“神州号”于2000年10月18日投入运营,承担北京和天津之间的城际特快客运业务。

  富有人情味座椅根据人体特点设计

  车内从布局到衣帽钩这样的细微之处都体现出为旅客着想的设计思路。走进车厢,第一感觉就是车内环境看着非常舒服。乳白色的棚顶一改传统的平板式,设计成了两侧低垂,中间波浪式凹进的格局,而光源就藏在垂下的两侧棚檐内,使光线显得非常柔和。座位上方的座位灯记者是第一次在火车上看到的。往座位上一坐,立即发现子弹头的座位与其他列车不同,坐垫和靠背都有一个顺势而下的梯形洼处,别小看这一点,坐上去确实感觉舒服很多。听说这是仿造人体特点设计的。

  高度自动化“一指禅”是门钥匙

  列车启动之后,好几个人去开车厢过道门,可时怎么也拉不开,而列车员过去像变戏法一样,把手在门上一指,门就自动打开了。原来子弹头采用了感应式车门,车门在列车行驶时速低于5公里的时候会自动打开。行驶过程中只要把手靠近门上的感应区,门就会自动打开。

空调是微机控制的,可以把车内温度自动调控在设定的温度,不会出现冷热波动现象。此外,车内厕所安装了真空集便器,解决了沿路洒的历史问题。

  配套需跟上列车有劲使不出

  从11时列车启动到12时15分抵达终点,列车行驶了75分钟。从车内显示屏上记者看到,列车最高时速达到过137.5公里,与设计的180公里时速有一定差距。由于目前京津间的信号系统、轨道系统还与快速列车不配套,因而把子弹头目前的合理时速限制在140公里以内。

  车速慢,主要是因为我们还采用直流电动力技术,而国外采用的交流电动力技术在高速性能上更好;同时我们的列车车轮等部件以及轨道设计还不能承受过高速度带来的冲击力;还有一点就是我们还没有专门的客运铁路。

主要技术参数

编组方式 动车+10辆双层拖车+动车
轨距 1435mm
适用站台高度 300mm~1100mm
运营速度 200km/h
平稳性能指标 W≤2.5
车体长度 25500mm
车体宽度 3104mm
车辆高度 4600mm
车钩中心线距轨面高度(空车时) 880 mm
转向架 CW-200型
制动装置 F8电控制动机
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Old July 11th, 2004, 01:53 AM   #6
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2,000 mile China-Europe rail link

Nick Paton Walsh in Moscow
Saturday March 13, 2004
The Guardian

For years it has trundled a slow and solitary path across the vast expanses of the Siberian tundra. But now the Trans-Siberian railway will face its first direct competitor as the overland route from China to Europe when a new railway is built to straddle the steppes of Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan announced yesterday that it would complete within four years a 2,000 mile track from China on its eastern border to Europe.

It will cost an estimated $3.5bn (nearly £2bn) and be able to transport 40bn tonnes of goods a year. After crossing Kazakhstan, itself the size of western Europe, the railway would either cut south through Iran or cross through Russia, the fastest route to mainland Europe.

Kanat Zhangaskin, the vice-president of the Kazakhstan National Railway Company, said while in Hong Kong looking for investors for the project, that "after completion of the railway, a container from Hong Kong and other places in China could be directly transported to Europe", according to the Xinhua news agency.

The plan, which would create one of the most modern and longest railway lines in the world, will offer an unbroken journey through expanses of steppe dominated over the centuries by Genghis Khan, the Russian tsarist armies, and the Soviet Union.

A parallel project will run from Bangladesh through the Indian subcontinent, and on to Iran. A tunnel through the Turkish Bosporus Straits would complete the journey to mainland Europe without the new links having to cross into Russian territory.

At present, most goods sent from China to Europe go by sea, as road and rail routes pass through the bureaucratic Russian customs regime.

Mr Zhangaskin said the railway would greatly increase China's ability to ferry goods to the outside world. Cargo sent between China, Iran and Turkey would reach $2bn a year, and the total between Asian and European countries would be $7bn as a result of the railway.

At present, the Trans-Siberian railway takes European rail traffic from Moscow across Russia's 11 timezones.

It passes through the Volga territory of Yaroslavl, through the Ural mountain town of Ekaterinburg, to Irkutsk, and then on to Vladivostok on the Pacific coast.

However, many travellers and goods opt for the second, Trans-Manchurian route, which leaves the Trans-Siberian's route at Tarskaya, a few hundred miles east of Lake Baikal, and then heads south-east into China, bound for Beijing.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/china/stor...168423,00.html
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Old July 11th, 2004, 01:55 AM   #7
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Railway transport speeds up

PLA Daily 2004-04-09





  BEIJING, April 8 (Xinhuanet) -- Some passenger trains in China will be able to run at speeds surpassing 160 km per hour beginning April 18 along a combined length of 7,700 km, and the top speed can be 200 km per hour in some sections, Vice-Minister of Railways Hu Yadong said Thursday.


  Hu said at a press conference on the country's large-scale railway acceleration that the average speed of passenger trains will reach 65.7 km per hour, up 4.3 km per hour. Freight trains will also run faster.


  Among the passenger trains, the speed of direct express trains will reach 119.2 km per hour and that of express trains will reach92.8 km per hour on the average, he said.


  This will be the fifth time for China to accelerate its trains, Hu said.
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Old July 11th, 2004, 01:55 AM   #8
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Zhuzhou exports loco to Uzbekistan

Rollout of AC Drive Electric Locomotive Exported to Uzbekistan

news TIME:9/12/2003/17:27

The rollout ceremony of AC drive multi-purpose electric locomotive for Uzbekistan which represents international
advanced technology integration level and fills up the vacancy of Chinese railway electric locomotive series,
was held yesterday at Test Station of ZELW. Deputy Governor of Hunan Provincial Government---Mr. Zheng Maoqing,
Board Chairman of Uzbekistan National Railways, Mr. Romatov and Secretary of Zhuzhou Municipal CPC Committee,
Mr. Xiao Yayu cut the ribbons for rollout of the locomotive.

On April 26, 2002, ZELW participated in the international tender from Uzbekistan National Railways. By first class
performance and price advantages, ZELW defected many international famous railway transportation equipment
companies, such as Germany Siemens, Canada Bombardier, France Alstom and Czech Skoda and so on, and was awarded
the supply contract of 12 AC drive multi-purpose electric locomotives at total value 41.8 million dollars.

This locomotive is of 6000 kilowatt continuous power and 120 km/h design speed. In order to ensure the demand
from customer, ZELW actively introduces, digests and absorbs international advanced railway transportation
equipment technology; integrates the advanced technology from international famous companies in railway
transportation equipment field----advanced network control, GTO water-cooling converter, CIS electro-pneumatic
brake from Germany Siemens; integrates the excellent design ideal from international famous image design
company---Italy Giugiaro company;
integrates the advanced radio communication, signal and security supervision system technology from Russia.
ZELW applies 3B0 bogie drive technology on AC drive electric locomotive for the first time, which greatly
improves the safety performance when locomotive negotiating small-radius curve at high speed.

Deputy Secretary of Zhuzhou Municipal CPC Committee & Acting Mayor of Zhuzhou Municipal Government---Mr. Yan Shisheng, Deputy Mayor of Zhuzhou Municipal Government---Mr. Zhai Dupei and so on also presented the
rollout ceremony.
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Old July 11th, 2004, 01:56 AM   #9
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Zhuzhou exports to Dutch

ZELW signed contract of supplying Dutch National Railways with 35 traction motors. In February 2003, expert delegation from Dutch Pontifex International B.V. visited ZELW. On May 15, ZELW signed the purchases and sales contract of 35 traction motors with its representative, Shanghai Baogang International Economic Trade Co., Ltd.
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Old July 11th, 2004, 01:24 PM   #10
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Is this train from Germany? The color scheme is like the German flag

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Old July 11th, 2004, 01:30 PM   #11
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What train is this?

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Old July 11th, 2004, 06:41 PM   #12
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why don't they build the fence?I suppose the suicide rate is not high enough.
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Old July 12th, 2004, 02:11 AM   #13
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Quote:
Originally Posted by zergcerebrates
Is this train from Germany? The color scheme is like the German flag

No, they are all designed and manufactured by China. Only Shanghai's Maglev is from Germany.
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Old July 12th, 2004, 02:37 AM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by zergcerebrates
What train is this?

It is "Shenzhou" double deck express train that has been running between Tianjin and Beijing since 2000. The bullet head with GPS has distrubuted computer control system. Shenzhou refers to China.
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Old July 12th, 2004, 04:12 AM   #15
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great stuff. Love them all :up:
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Old July 12th, 2004, 08:06 AM   #16
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How fast can the Shenzhou go up to?
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Old July 13th, 2004, 12:47 AM   #17
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Quote:
Originally Posted by zergcerebrates
How fast can the Shenzhou go up to?
The max design velocity is 200 km/h, but the train is regularly running at the speed of 140 km/h. It is due to no special railway available for passenger transportation only now. In China , most railways are used for the purpose of both cargo and passenger transportation. Also the trainwheel components and tracks can't bear impinging forces during high speed moving of trains.

Last edited by muchbetter; July 13th, 2004 at 04:11 AM.
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Old July 13th, 2004, 03:11 AM   #18
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The first Chinese tilt train was made. The engine was made in Dalian, and the coach was made in Tangshan.

新华网大连5月8日电(记者蔡拥军)我国自主设计研制的首台摆式列车牵引动力车8日在大连机车车辆厂问世,近日将与唐山机车车辆厂制造的摆式车厢组成摆式列车,从而填补了我国这一产品领域的空白。

  摆式列车是目前国外投入商业运营不久的新产品,其最大优点是可以大幅度提高列车在弯道通过速度,实现全程提速。摆式列车与现有普通列车的最大区别在于,当列车进入弯道运行时,根据列车速度、弯道半径和轮轨作用力大小等情况,由动力车上的微机网络系统向列车发出信号,给出车辆应倾摆多少、什么时间开始倾摆等指令,并通过安装在车辆上的特殊装置向内侧倾斜,抵消离心力的作用,使列车可以较快速度通过弯道,有效提高列车的全线运行速度,同时,乘客也会由于列车在弯道上的自然适度倾斜而感到舒适。

  目前我国铁路列车提速是在现有线路上进行的,由于受弯道限制,火车无论在直线跑多快,通过弯道时都需减速,限速运行,影响全程速度,因而急需这种能快速通过弯道的新车型。

  大连机车车辆厂摆式列车牵引动力车设计方案2002年3月通过评审,设计最高时速为160公里,车头为流线型,车上装有WTB机车网络系统,实现对全列车的全面监控。动力车的走行部分采用先进的准高速径向转向架,其突出特点是,在机车通过半径较小的弯道时,通过其关键技术部位特殊装置的动作,使车轴产生一定的转角,使其随着弯道的曲线改变轴距,有效地减少机车车轮与钢轨间的磨擦,降低轮缘磨耗,其磨耗量仅为普通转向架的十分之一左右,可以延长机车车轮和钢轨的使用寿命,同时有效地提高了弯道通过能力,速度至少可以提高30%。

Nanjing Puzhen also made her own 内燃摆式train

新华社南京5月29日电:由南京浦镇车辆厂研制的内燃摆式列车5月27日竣工下线。

  摆式列车是当今国外广泛采用的一种先进技术。它与一般客车的不同之处是,列车在经过弯道时,车体能够根据离心力大小自动实现车体的倾摆控制,既能以较高速度通过弯道,又能有效保证列车运行的平稳性。

  南京浦镇车辆厂于1998年初开始进行摆式列车的研制。2001年9月研制成功摆式列车使用的新型转向架,这种转向架采用国际先进技术,可减少列车通过曲线时的横向作用力。与此同时,通过轻量化设计,减轻了车辆自重,降低了轮轨作用力。

  新研制成功的摆式列车,可以在弯道多、坡道多的地区提高列车的运行速度,其运行速度可以提高20%至30%。摆式列车的外观采用鼓型设计,新颖美观;车辆内部设计体现了航空化、宾馆化,并增设了音响系统、温控装置、火警监测装置和酒吧间,旅行舒适度大为提高。


Inside the car

The door

The kitchen

The 摆式列车 will be running from Guangzhou to Maoming

国内首列摆式列车将驶进三茂线
2003年03月12日 金羊网 记者 左志红
  中国广州网讯 记者昨天(3.11)从三茂铁路获悉,由我国自主设计研发的国内第一列摆式列车将于今年下半年在粤西三茂铁路线上试运行,该列车的投入使用,将使广州至茂名东的列车运行时间至少缩短两个小时。

  据介绍,该摆式列车的运行区间为广州至茂名东,设计时速为160公里,全程运行时间将由目前的5个多小时缩短为3小时20分左右,若开足马力全程仅需两个半小时,可缩短3个小时。

  这种摆式列车的全称是“动力分散内燃液传摆式列车”,由唐山机车车辆厂制造,采用了部分进口部件。列车每节车厢造价超过1000万元。车厢内装饰豪华,全部为高靠背座椅,视距前方设有可收放小电视屏幕,犹如航班客机。每节车厢定员80人。

The World's longest Railway tunnels

Fenghuoshan Tunnel - The World's highest tunnel
LHASA, October 21 (Xinhuanet) - The construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway has achieved yet another important progress as the Fenghuoshan Tunnel has just been drilled through to form the world's highest railway tunnel. The Fenghuoshan, or Wind-Fire-Mountain in English, tunnel is situated at an altitude of 4,905 meters as the plane of rail tracks are concerned. The tunnel measures 1,338 meters and goes through perma-frost and ice layers of the mountain that is located at the border of the so-called no-man's land in between Tibet and Qinghai.
Though the construction had to be done in tough weather conditions, railway builders had turned their job into a miracle when they completed the drilling of the tunnel in a year to the day. The construction started on October 18 last year.
Due to the extreme lack of oxygen inside the drilling site, oxygen generation machines had to be installed inside the tunnel so as to provide builders with enough oxygen to keep the drilling process as scheduled.

Last edited by muchbetter; July 15th, 2004 at 04:08 AM.
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Old July 13th, 2004, 03:15 AM   #19
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The double deck train in China

Train from Kunming to Shilin.

Nice SS7C, shot at Shangfan
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Old July 13th, 2004, 03:17 AM   #20
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SS3, also in Shangfan


---The mileage of China's railways in operation had topped 70,000 km by the end of 2001, ranking third in the world.

The mileage of China's railways in operation now ranks third in the world, and the mileage of both double-tracked and electrified railways comes first in Asia, said Fu Zhihuan, minister of railways, at a recent press conference sponsored by the State Council Information Office.

According to Fu, average annual investment in China's railway construction between 1998-2001 exceeded 54 billion yuan. The four years witnessed the largest amount of investment in railway construction and the greatest number of newly started and completed projects since the founding of New China in 1949. During the four years, 39 large and medium-sized projects began construction, 38 projects were completed and put into operation, 4,933 km of new railway lines were laid, 4,030 km of railways in operation were added, 4,103 km of double-tracked railways were put into operation, and 4,848 km of railways were electrified. By the end of 2001, the total mileage of railways in operation had exceeded 70,000 km, including 23,000 km of double-tracked lines and 17,000 km of electrified railways. The rate of double-tracked and electrified railways increased to 38.3 percent and 28.6 percent respectively. The five-year construction objectives were thus fulfilled ahead of schedule.

In addition, the railway sector considerably increased the speed of trains four times in 1997, 1998, 2000 and 2001. To date, a fast-speed railway network composed of four vertical lines and two horizontal lines has taken shape, with the 13,000 km of fast-speed lines covering most regions and major cities throughout the country. Compared with the time before the speed was raised in 1997, the average speed of passenger trains increased by 25 percent. The highest speed of express trains increased from 120 km per hour to 140-200 km per hour. As a result, passenger trains operating on a distance between 1,200-1,500 km can all depart in the evening and arrive the next morning, those operating on a distance between 2,000-2,500 km can conclude their journey within 24 hours and those operating on a distance within 500 km can all depart in the morning and return in the evening of the same day. This has fundamentally reversed the prolonged situation in which the trains ran at a low speed and failed to meet the market demand.

The minister said that in 2001 the turnover volume of China's 70,000 km of railways reached 1,934 billion tons/km, which is only second to that of the United States whose 270,000 km of railways yielded 2,150 billion tons/km in turnover volume. This indicates that China is leading the world in railway transportation efficiency.

The successful implementation of the commer-cialized operation strategy has promoted a considerable increase in passenger and cargo transportation volumes. While the passenger transportation volume has kept going up, the cargo transportation volume has constantly broken historical records, which has raised the railway sector's transportation revenue continuously. In 2001, China's railways carried 1.02 billion passengers and yielded
476.7 billion passengers/km in passenger turnover volume, showing separate increases of 11 percent and 31 percent on 1997. The year also saw the transportation of 1.79 billion tons of goods and the completion of 1,425 billion tons/km in cargo turnover volume, up 10 percent and 9 percent respectively on 1997. At present, the railway sector's passenger and cargo turnover volumes account for 36.3 percent and 54.6 percent of the national total respectively. In 2001 China's railway cargo transportation, cargo turnover volume, passenger transportation and passenger turnover volume ranked first, second, fourth and first respectively in the world. The railway transportation revenue totaled 134.6 billion yuan, a rise of 50.4 billion yuan, or 59.9 percent, on 1997. After reversing five-year losses a year ahead of schedule in 1999, the railway sector consolidated and expanded the results of turning from losses to profits through improved performance in 2000 and 2001.
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