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Old December 30th, 2013, 09:30 PM   #101
PRIMEVAL
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Oradea / Nagyvárad












I visited only one of the countless of the city's Baroque churches, as I didn't visit most of the main landmarks, like the City Hall, the Theatre etc, because of lack of time. In fact, what you see in these photos is a very small part of the city's amazing buildings and streets.









"Olosig" Catholic church built in 1743, the tower added in 1876. In 1903-1905 was rebuilt the nave. Olosig was Oradea's Italian neighborhood (in Hungarian, Váradolaszi means "Italian part of Oradea").
























The Premonstratensian Monastery might have existed in 1130, when this Catholic monastic order was present in the city. The present complex of buildings dates from 1760. Presently, in the buildings (except the church) functions the Mihai Eminescu College.
























Roman Ciorogariu Street

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Old December 30th, 2013, 09:31 PM   #102
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Oradea / Nagyvárad













Ady Endre Museum. Ady Endre (1877-1919) was the first modern Hungarian poet.

























The Reformed Synagogue (1890), one of city's two main synagogues (the other being the Orthodox Synagogue).

In 1870, the Jewish community of Oradea split and the Reformed community built a monumental temple on Criș River's bank.

In 1944, the 27,000 Jews of Oradea (then for a short time under Hungarian fascist administration) have been deported to extermination camps where most of them perished.




























Vulturul Negru Palace - 1908






























The Fortress of Oradea.

In 11th century, King Ladislau I(1077-1095) built a fortified monastery on this place and later a Catholic bishopric inside the fortress. In 1192, as Ladislau I was consecrated as Saint by the pope, the fortress became a pilgrimage center. In 1370 was inaugurated an impressive cathedral. In 1401, the pope raises the cathedral at the same rank as the basilicas San Marco of Venice and Santa Maria Portiuncula of Assisi, thus, Oradea became one of the major pilgrimage centers in Europe. Between 12-15th centuries, seven kings and queens have been buried inside the cathedral.


Between 1569-1598 and 1618-1648 the inner fortress is rebuilt in its present form.

In 1660, after a 46 days siege when 850 defenders faced 45,000 Turks, the fortress is conquered as result of treason; Oradea becomes the seat of a pashalic for 32 years.


Between the inner (a barracks -looking circular structure) and outer (a stellate fortification) ring there is a wide ditch, now converted into a park.



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Old December 30th, 2013, 09:33 PM   #103
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Oradea / Nagyvárad












The Baroque Complex is composed by the Episcopal Palace, the Catholic Cathedral and the Canon's Row. Is the most significant Baroque ensamble in Romania and one of the most important in Europe. It is situated outside of the historical part of Oradea.







Canon's Row - is a 250 m long building with 57 arches. Between 1758 -1780, 7 of the 10 buildings were finished, the remaining three being added in 1863 and 1875.
























The Episcopal Palace - built between 1762-1777, it was damaged in 1956 when Greek communist revolutionaries have been lodged here with their animals, children and families. Between 1971 and until recently, it housed the Museum of Crișana (the western province of Romania) and presently was returned to the Catholic Church and awaits restoration.




























The Catholic Cathedral was built between 1752-1780. Is the largest Baroque building in Romania: 70 x 30 m, with 61 m tall towers. In 1991 it was raised to the rank of a minor basilica, one of the four of its kind in Romania.



























Ștefan cel Mare Boulevard - connects the old city with the Baroque Complex and the main train station.

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Old December 30th, 2013, 09:38 PM   #104
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Fantastic thread. I especially am intrigued by the images of Transylvania.
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Old December 30th, 2013, 09:42 PM   #105
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Romania is very intriguing indeed. Quite wonderful and atmospheric. Fantastic colours.
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Old May 4th, 2014, 09:51 AM   #106
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Defile of Jiu National Park











Some more photos from my 2012 trip. Third photo: Locurele Skete with a church from 1859.


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Old May 5th, 2014, 09:02 PM   #107
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very nice photos from your trip. Romania is a beautiful country and its cities too.
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