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Old February 8th, 2013, 09:34 AM   #41
hkskyline
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Report: Cuba using undersea fiber-optic cable
Mon, Jan 21, 2013

HAVANA (AP) — Cuba apparently has finally switched on the first undersea fiber-optic cable linking it to the outside world nearly two years after its arrival, according to analysis by a company that monitors global Internet use.

In a report posted Sunday on the website of Renesys, author Doug Madory wrote that Cuba began using the ALBA-1 cable on Jan. 14.

Until now the island's Internet service has been through satellite links that are slower than hard-wired fiber-optic connections. Starting a week ago, Madory said, routing data showed significantly faster traffic to the country and the emergence of Spanish telecom Telefonica as a provider of routing service to Cuban state-run communications company ETECSA.

Routing speed is measured by how long it takes to send a data packet somewhere and receive confirmation back at the original server, akin to how submarines "ping" each other with radar to determine location.

Madory wrote that the sudden improvement in latency measurements between Cuba and four cities in the U.S., Mexico and Brazil indicates the cable is in use. But speeds have not reached levels suggesting that the cable is handling all traffic, leading him to conclude that outgoing data is still traveling via satellite.

"We believe it is likely that Telefonica's service to ETECSA is, either by design or misconfiguration, using its new cable asymmetrically (i.e., for traffic in only one direction)," Madory wrote.

Cuban government officials and Telefonica did not immediately respond to requests for comment Monday. Cuba has said in the past that it would prioritize the cable for usage deemed in the public interest and for social good.

Dial-up Internet access, essentially the only option for most Cubans who are able to go online, has continued to be slow and creaky in recent days.

Cuba is the last country in the western hemisphere to get a fiber-optic hookup and, according to Akamai Technologies Inc., has the second-lowest Internet connectivity rates in the world.

Havana says about 16 percent of Cubans are online in some capacity, mostly through work or school, but often that's limited to email and access to an island Intranet. Just 2.9 percent report having full Internet access, though analysts say it's probably more like 5 or 10 percent due to underreporting of black-market resale of minutes.

"While the activation of the ALBA-1 cable may be a good first step to providing ETECSA a better link to the Internet, the lack of widespread public access to Internet service throughout the island will likely continue," Madory wrote.

The $70 million cable strung from Venezuela came onshore in eastern Cuba in February 2011 and was supposed to be online as early as that summer.

But officials suddenly stopped talking about the cable amid rumors of arrests at ETECSA and the Ministry of Communications, and whispers of purported mismanagement or embezzlement involving the project.

Last May, Venezuela's minister of science and technology said the cable was operational and it was up to Cuba to decide how it wanted to use it.

___

Peter Orsi on Twitter: www.twitter.com/Peter_Orsi
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Old November 14th, 2013, 08:41 AM   #42
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First mainland-Taiwan submarine cable to start commercial operations

TAIPEI, Nov. 4 (Xinhua) -- Taiwan's communication administrative authority has approved the first submarine communication cable directly linking both sides of the Taiwan Strait, enabling the cable to come into commercial service.

Communication operators in Taiwan told Xinhua on Monday that once put into use, the cable will be capable of carrying cross-Strait communications with a bandwidth of 6.4Tb/s. Operators in Taiwan previously had to use international cables in Japan or the Republic of Korea to connect with the mainland, and the new direct link will improve the quality and speed of cross-Strait communications.

The cable will also facilitate the cross-Strait market for e-business, mobile communications and cloud services.

Yen-Sung Lee, chairman of Taiwan communication operator Chunghwa Telecom, said the cable is expected to enhance the communications market as well as exchanges between people on the two sides.

Taiwan Mobile said in a statement that data collected by the company revealed that the cross-Strait broadband communications market has been growing at an annual rate of 20 to 30 percent in recent years.

The statement said the company is planning to cooperate with mainland partners to explore cloud computing business on the mainland.

A senior executive with Far Eastone, another Taiwan communications company, believes the market demand for telecommunication integration solutions may double next year.

Construction of the cable finished in January with investment from communication operators on both sides. With a length of 270 km, the cable connects the city of Fuzhou in Fujian Province on the mainland and Tamsui in Taiwan.
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Old December 19th, 2013, 03:57 PM   #43
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The cable's role is making the world a smaller place...
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Old March 26th, 2014, 02:47 PM   #44
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Brazil, Europe plan undersea cable to skirt U.S. spying

BRUSSELS, Feb 24 (Reuters) - Brazil and the European Union agreed on Monday to lay an undersea communications cable from Lisbon to Fortaleza to reduce Brazil's reliance on the United States after Washington spied on Brasilia.

At a summit in Brussels, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff said the $185 million cable project was central to "guarantee the neutrality" of the Internet, signalling her desire to shield Brazil's Internet traffic from U.S. surveillance.

"We have to respect privacy, human rights and the sovereignty of nations. We don't want businesses to be spied upon," Rousseff told a joint news conference with the presidents of the European Commission and the European Council.

"The Internet is one of the best things man has ever invented. So we agreed for the need to guarantee ... the neutrality of the network, a democratic area where we can protect freedom of expression," Rousseff said.

Rousseff postponed a state visit to Washington last year in protest at the U.S. National Security Agency spying on her email and phone and is now seeking alternative routes to U.S. cables.

Brazil relies on U.S. undersea cables to carry almost all of its communications to Europe. The existing cable between Europe and Brazil is outdated and only used for voice transmission.

EU leaders are sympathetic to Brazil's call following the revelations of fugitive former NSA contractor Edward Snowden that showed the agency also eavesdropped on German Chancellor Angela Merkel's mobile phone and some EU institutions.

U.S. President Barack Obama has since banned spying on the leaders of close allies, but trust has been damaged.

Brussels is threatening the suspension of EU-U.S. agreements for data transfers unless Washington increases guarantees for the protection of EU citizens' data.

MERCOSUR'S MISSED DEADLINES

At the one-day summit, there was no public criticism of the United States, which remains the European Union's closest ally.

But Rousseff clearly took heart from Merkel's calls this month for a European Internet that is protected from U.S. surveillance, even if there are questions about the practicalities of setting up alternative networks in Europe.

Rousseff said Brazil and the European Union have "similar concerns" about U.S. dominance of fibre-optic cables and hoped to have a cable running from the Portuguese capital Lisbon to the northeastern Brazilian of Fortaleza from next year.

Under current plans, a joint venture between Brazilian telecoms provider Telebras and Spain's IslaLink Submarine Cables would lay the communications link. Telebras would have a 35 percent stake, IslaLink would have a 45 percent interest and European and Brazilian pension funds could put up the remainder.

One official said that because Brazil had more to gain from the project than the European Union, its overall stake in the project would have to be larger than 50 percent and so Brazilian funds would put up more.

The cable agreement marks rare progress for Rousseff in her ties with the European Union, the top foreign investor in Brazil, because negotiations to agree a long-promised free-trade deal have been delayed again, officials said at the summit.

With talks between the EU and the South American trade bloc Mercosur dependent on Argentina's willingness to come to the negotiating table, Rousseff initially cancelled her trip to Brussels because she expected to have little to discuss.

Fifteen years after talks between the EU and Mercosur were first launched, both sides have missed self-imposed deadlines to swap offers for opening markets in a pact that would encompass 750 million people and $130 billion in annual trade.

The latest date will be decided after a technical meeting of negotiators on March 21, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said, who said offers could then be swapped at some time "in the foreseeable future".

Brazil, one of the world's largest and most influential emerging economies, is ready to do a deal. It is backed by Uruguay and Paraguay but the question is whether Argentina, one of the most protectionist members of the Group of 20 countries, will join in opening its economy to greater EU imports.
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Old October 5th, 2017, 06:22 AM   #45
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A giant undersea data cable now connects Virginia Beach and Spain
USA TODAY Excerpt
Sept. 26, 2017

Our transatlantic Internet connections will soon become a lot more reliable.

Microsoft, Facebook and infrastructure company Telxius announced they have finished work on a 4,000-mile-long undersea cable that can transmit 160 terabits of data per second, making it the highest capacity data cable crossing the Atlantic.

To put that in perspective, when you break it down into the gigabytes we're familiar with, 160 terabits equals 20,000 GB of data. So, let's say you're downloading movies that are 2 GB in size, you could download 10,000 movies in one second. Pretty fast.

The cable — codenamed Marea — connects Virginia Beach, Va., and Bilbio, Spain.

Microsoft president Brad Smith said Marea, which will be available for use by 2018, should feed growing demand.

"Submarine cables in the Atlantic already carry 55% more data than trans-Pacific routes and 40% more data than between the U.S. and Latin America. There is no question that the demand for data flows across the Atlantic will continue to increase," Smith said.

The cable will feature an open design, so it adapts better to changes in technology.

Frank Rey, the director of global network strategy for Microsoft’s Cloud Infrastructure and Operations division, said the decision to choose Virginia Beach for the U.S. connection was influenced by the aftermath for Hurricane Sandy, a "major disruption" to transatlantic connections since many data cables land in New York or New Jersey.
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Old November 10th, 2017, 03:50 AM   #46
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Cloud and fibre: India’s answer to China’s Belt and Road Initiative
India’s Global Cloud Xchange will build a submarine fibre-optic cable system spanning 16,650km from Hong Kong to Italy
November 8, 2017
South China Morning Post Excerpt

Telecommunications services provider Global Cloud Xchange (GCX) on Wednesday unveiled plans to build a US$500 million submarine fibre-optic cable system, stretching 16,650 kilometres from Hong Kong to Italy, which the company expects to become a key infrastructure for India’s version of Belt and Road Initiative.

GCX, a subsidiary of India’s Reliance Communications, owns the world’s largest private undersea cable network that spans more than 67,000km.

The Eagle cable system represents the centrepiece of the ambitious “cloud and fibre initiative” of GCX, which has already completed negotiations for more than 50 per cent of the project with other investors such as telecommunications operators and technology companies, Reliance Communications chief executive officer Bill Barney told the South China Morning Post.

While the Eagle system is a private-sector enterprise, it would help advance India’s own agenda of connectivity and cooperation within Asia and beyond. India remains sensitive about the manner in which China’s Belt and Road Initiative is being pursued in its neighbourhood, which includes Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

More : http://www.scmp.com/tech/enterprises...oad-initiative
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