daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > World Forums > Rate Our Talls > Rate Our Architecture > Ancient Times

View Poll Results: Please vote!
10 3 12.00%
9.5 1 4.00%
9 13 52.00%
8.5 2 8.00%
8 4 16.00%
7.5 1 4.00%
7 1 4.00%
6.5 0 0%
6 0 0%
5.5 0 0%
5 0 0%
4.5 0 0%
4 0 0%
3.5 0 0%
3 or less 0 0%
Voters: 25. You may not vote on this poll


Thread Tools
Old May 12th, 2009, 07:13 PM   #1
Registered User
Jakob's Avatar
Join Date: Feb 2004
Location: Beijing
Posts: 13,503
Likes (Received): 4162

Hippodrome | Istanbul, Turkey

The Hippodrome

The Hippodrome (Turkish: Sultanahmet Meydanı, At Meydanı) was a circus that was the sporting and social centre of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire and the largest city in Europe. Today it is a square named Sultanahmet Meydanı (Sultan Ahmet Square) in the Turkish city of Istanbul, with only a few fragments of the original structure surviving.

History and use

Although the Hippodrome is usually associated with Constantinople's days of glory as an imperial capital, it actually predates that era. The first Hippodrome was built when the city was called Byzantium, and was a provincial town of moderate importance. In 203 the Emperor Septimius Severus rebuilt the city and expanded its walls, endowing it with a hippodrome, an arena for chariot races and other entertainment.

In 324, the Emperor Constantine the Great decided to move the seat of the government from Rome to Byzantium, which he renamed Nova Roma (New Rome). This name failed to impress and the city soon became known as Constantinople, the City of Constantine. Constantine greatly enlarged the city, and one of his major undertakings was the renovation of the Hippodrome. It is estimated that the Hippodrome of Constantine was about 450 m (1,476 ft) long and 130 m (427 ft) wide. Its stands were capable of holding 100,000 spectators.

The race-track at the Hippodrome was U-shaped, and the Kathisma (emperor's loge) was located at the eastern end of the track. The Kathisma could be accessed directly from the Great Palace through a passage which only the emperor or other members of the imperial family could use. The Hippodrome Boxes, which had four statues of horses in gilded copper on top, stood at the northern end; and the Sphendone (curved tribune of the U-shaped structure, the lower part of which still survives) stood at the southern end. These four gilded horses, now called the Horses of Saint Mark, whose exact Greek or Roman ancestry has never been determined, were looted during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and installed on the façade of St Mark's Basilica in Venice. The track was lined with other bronze statues of famous horses and chariot drivers, none of which survive. The hippodrome was filled with statues of gods, emperors and heroes, among them some famous works, such as a Heracles by Lysippos, Romulus and Remus with their wolf and the Serpent Column of the Plataean tripod. In his book De Ceremoniis (book II,15, 589), the emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus described the decorations in the hippodrome at the occasion of the visit of Saracen or Arab visitors, mentioning the purple hangings and rare tapestries.

Throughout the Byzantine period, the Hippodrome was the centre of the city's social life. Huge amounts were bet on chariot races, and initially four teams took part in these races, each one financially sponsored and supported by a different political party (Deme) within the Roman/Byzantine Senate: The Blues (Venetii), the Greens (Prasinoi), the Reds (Rousioi) and the Whites (Leukoi). The Reds (Rousioi) and the Whites (Leukoi) gradually weakened and were absorbed by the other two major factions (the Blues and Greens).

A total of up to eight chariots (two chariots per team), powered by four horses each, competed on the racing track of the Hippodrome. These races were not simple sporting events, but also provided some of the rare occasions in which the Emperor and the common citizens could come together in a single venue. Political discussions were often made at the Hippodrome, which could be directly accessed by the Emperor through a passage that connected the Kathisma (Emperor's Loge at the eastern tribune) with the Great Palace of Constantinople.

The rivalry between the Blues and Greens often became mingled with political or religious rivalries, and sometimes riots, which amounted to civil wars that broke out in the city between them. The most severe of these was the Nika riots of 532, in which an estimated 30,000 people were killed and many important buildings, such as the second Hagia Sophia Church, were destroyed. The current (third) Hagia Sophia was built by Justinian following the Nika Revolt.

Constantinople never really recovered from its sack during the Fourth Crusade and even though the Byzantine Empire survived until 1453, by that time, the Hippodrome had fallen into ruin. The Ottoman Turks, who captured the city in 1453 and made it the capital of the Ottoman Empire, were not interested in racing and the Hippodrome was gradually forgotten, although the site was never actually built over.

The Hippodrome was used for various occasions such as the lavish and days-long circumcision ceremony of the sons of Sultan Ahmed III. In Ottoman miniature paintings, the Hippodrome is shown with the seats and monuments still intact. Although the structures do not exist anymore, today's Sultanahmet Square largely follows the ground plan and dimensions of the now vanished Hippodrome.

Hippodrome monuments

Serpent Column

To raise the image of his new capital, Constantine and his successors, especially Theodosius the Great, brought works of art from all over the empire to adorn it. The monuments were set up in the middle of the Hippodrome, the spina. Among these was the Tripod of Plataea, now known as the Serpent Column, cast to celebrate the victory of the Greeks over the Persians during the Persian Wars in the 5th century BC. Constantine ordered the Tripod to be moved from the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, and set in middle of the Hippodrome. The top was adorned with a golden bowl supported by three serpent heads. The bowl was destroyed or stolen during the Fourth Crusade. The serpent heads were destroyed as late as the end of the 17th Century, as many Ottoman miniatures show they were intact in the early centuries following the Turkish conquest of the city. Parts of the heads were recovered and are displayed at the Istanbul Archaeology Museum. All that remains of the Delphi Tripod today is the base, known as the "Serpentine Column".

Obelisk of Thutmose III

Another emperor to adorn the Hippodrome was Theodosius the Great, who in 390 brought an obelisk from Egypt and erected it inside the racing track. Carved from pink granite, it was originally erected at the Temple of Karnak in Luxor during the reign of Tuthmosis III in about 1490 BC. Theodosius had the obelisk cut into three pieces and brought to Constantinople. Only the top section survives, and it stands today where Theodosius placed it, on a marble pedestal. The obelisk has survived nearly 3,500 years in astonishingly good condition.

Walled Obelisk

In the 10th century the Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus built another obelisk at the other end of the Hippodrome. It was originally covered with gilded bronze plaques, but they were sacked by Latin troops in the Fourth Crusade. The stone core of this monument also survives, known as the Walled Obelisk.

Statues of Porphyrios

Seven statues were erected on the Spina of the Hippodrome in honour of Porphyrios, a legendary charioteer in his time who raced for the two parties which were called "Greens" and "Blues". None of these statues have survived. Only the bases of two of them have survived and are displayed in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum.

The Hippodrome today

Today the area is officially called Sultan Ahmet Square, and is carefully maintained by the Turkish authorities. The course of the old racetrack has been indicated with paving, although the actual track is some 2 m (6.6 ft) below the present surface. The surviving monuments of the Spina (the middle barrier of the racecourse), the two obelisks and the Serpentine Column, now sit in holes in a landscaped garden.

The German Fountain ("The Kaiser Wilhelm Fountain"), an octagonal domed fountain in neo-Byzantine style, which was constructed by the German government in 1900 to mark the German Emperor Wilhelm II's visit to Istanbul in 1898, is located at the northern entrance to the Hippodrome area, right in front of the Blue Mosque.

The Hippodrome has never been systematically excavated by archaeologists. A portion of the substructures of the Sphendone (the curved end) became more visible in the 1980s with the clearing of houses in the area.

In 1993 an area in front of the nearby Sultanahmet Mosque (the Blue Mosque) was bulldozed in order to install a public toilet, uncovering several rows of seats and some columns from the Hippodrome. Investigation did not continue further, but the seats and columns were removed and can now be seen in Istanbul's museums. It is possible that much more of the Hippodrome's remains still lie beneath the parkland of Sultanahmet.

The Hippodrome was depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 500 lira banknotes of 1953-1976.

Do you remember the time when the air was clean and the sex dirty ?
Jakob no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old May 20th, 2009, 12:28 AM   #2
henry hill
Registered User
Join Date: Feb 2008
Posts: 21,770
Likes (Received): 110


henry hill no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old May 22nd, 2009, 09:30 PM   #3
I love Skyscrapers
ZZ-II's Avatar
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Near Ingolstadt in Bavaria
Posts: 31,239
Likes (Received): 4002

Click here to get the Worlds Supertall Lists

Follow me on Twitter: @Black_Peak
ZZ-II no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old May 23rd, 2009, 10:14 PM   #4
Le coït.
LMCA1990's Avatar
Join Date: Jun 2005
Location: España con ñ
Posts: 14,980
Likes (Received): 1016

9/10 - T'was beautiful and has a lot of historical value.
Tu aimes ça?
LMCA1990 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old June 4th, 2009, 12:13 AM   #5
tonyssa's Avatar
Join Date: Aug 2007
Posts: 75,409

tonyssa no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 11th, 2009, 09:14 PM   #6
Rekarte's Avatar
Join Date: Mar 2008
Posts: 21,003
Likes (Received): 3029

Rekarte está en línea ahora   Reply With Quote
Old August 11th, 2009, 10:15 PM   #7
Juan Pilgrim
Registered User
Juan Pilgrim's Avatar
Join Date: Apr 2008
Posts: 1,214
Likes (Received): 93


Juan Pilgrim no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 11th, 2009, 11:48 PM   #8
Srdjan Adamovic
Kragujevac - U svemu prvi
Srdjan Adamovic's Avatar
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: Kragujevac
Posts: 79,733
Likes (Received): 5800

Srdjan Adamovic no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 19th, 2009, 02:28 AM   #9
Oh My Marjo... :(
Nikkodemo's Avatar
Join Date: Aug 2006
Location: Villahermosa - Puebla - Xalapa---> MÉXICO
Posts: 49,633
Likes (Received): 6160

¡¡¡Tabasco es mucho más que una SALSA!!!// Tabasco is much more than a SAUCE!! ¡Conócelo!--->SUBFORO TABASCO

Twitter Oficial de SSC Tabasco: @SSC_Tabasco

Twitter? ¡Sígueme!/Follow me!: @Nikkodemo
/// My Instagram: nikkodemoarcos

Muy Pronto: The SkyscraperCity Nikkodemo Tour 2014: DF-Toluca-Querétaro-León-Aguascalientes.
Nikkodemo no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2009, 08:22 AM   #10
Cebu....Island of Pacific
wise_zech's Avatar
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Cebu City and Al-khobar City
Posts: 1,358
Likes (Received): 106

wise_zech no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 24th, 2009, 03:21 AM   #11
Jan Del Castillo
Registered User
Jan Del Castillo's Avatar
Join Date: Sep 2008
Location: Santa Marta, D.T.C.H. - Bogotá, D.C. - Cali - Sao Paulo - Rio de Janeiro
Posts: 19,142
Likes (Received): 135

9. Very good. Regards.
Jan Del Castillo no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old November 12th, 2009, 08:15 PM   #12
El corralito de piedra
Heroico's Avatar
Join Date: Sep 2009
Location: Cartagena de Indias
Posts: 9,663
Likes (Received): 253

Salsa's Coleccionista
Heroico no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old February 28th, 2010, 06:26 PM   #13
sieradzanin1's Avatar
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Sieradz [Poland]
Posts: 9,922
Likes (Received): 745

sieradzanin1 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 18th, 2010, 03:21 AM   #14
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 35,847
Likes (Received): 64

romanito no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old June 1st, 2011, 10:15 PM   #15
yudibali2008's Avatar
Join Date: May 2008
Location: Ziemia
Posts: 28,740

yudibali2008 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old June 8th, 2011, 09:06 PM   #16
Registered User
dnh310's Avatar
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Catamarca, Argentina.
Posts: 12,963
Likes (Received): 196

dnh310 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old June 17th, 2011, 12:35 PM   #17
Anty love
Popiel's Avatar
Join Date: Oct 2006
Location: Luxembourg
Posts: 5,713
Likes (Received): 11

Gdy zaś umierają,ostatnie długie tchnienie,przechodząc przez tchawice zmienia się w serię niezwykłych melodyjnych dzwięków.
To łabędzi śpiew.

Popiel no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 31st, 2012, 05:57 PM   #18
Registered User
Gokufan's Avatar
Join Date: Oct 2008
Location: Warszawa
Posts: 777
Likes (Received): 497

Gokufan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old May 6th, 2012, 05:05 PM   #19
Blue Yellow
Dakaro's Avatar
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: EUrope
Posts: 4,633
Likes (Received): 722

Dakaro no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old February 25th, 2013, 04:24 AM   #20
Happy Man
My Dearest Daughters
Happy Man's Avatar
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: 棉 蘭 (Medan)
Posts: 9,584
Likes (Received): 1849

Happy Man no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

All times are GMT +2. The time now is 01:33 AM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 1
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like v3.2.5 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu