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Old May 20th, 2005, 07:24 AM   #1
Alvin
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New Inner city toll roads for Jakarta

City to construct inner city toll roads next March


Damar Harsanto, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta

Good news for those who now spend hours behind the wheel, desperately waiting for a respite from chronic traffic congestion: the Jakarta administration will soon start constructing six inner-city toll roads in March next year.

"We are preparing concrete measures to follow up the plan (to develop the toll roads), including consulting with the central government about prevailing regulations and coordinating with relevant government institutions about the project," Jakarta Deputy Governor Fauzi Bowo said at City Hall after a meeting with city-owned developer Jakarta Propertindo.

Fauzi asserted that the development of a total 85-kilometer toll roads was in line with the macro transportation master plan, which has become the main reference in any transportation projects in the capital.

"The corridor linking Jl. Kramat Raya, Jl. Salemba and Jl. Matraman Raya and another corridor from Bekasi to Cawang in East Jakarta are among corridors which we will prioritize in the project since we all witness the most chronic traffic jams there every day," he said.

City Public Works Agency head Fodly Misbach said that the project would cost more than Rp 23 trillion (US$2.5 billion), or Rp 270 billion per kilometer per road section.

"The development project will last four to five years and the entire project will be wholly funded by private investors," Fodly said.

Fodly was confident the project would easily attract investors because it promised an internal rate of return (IRR) of 17.5 percent per annum.

Currently, bank interest charged on infrastructure project borrowing ranges from 12 percent to 17 percent.

Jakarta Propertindo will become the main developer in the project which will use mostly elevated roads.

The administration has warned that the traffic jams in the capital's streets would end up in complete gridlock by 2014 should there be no significant measures immediately taken to solve the traffic headache.

Jakarta Governor Sutiyoso has blamed an average annual 8 percent growth of car ownership inundating the already overcrowded city roads with more cars as the cause of the worsening traffic, but his administration has done little to curb the soaring growth of cars here.

Currently, Jakarta's streets, reaching a total of 7,576 kilometers in length, must accommodate 4.7 million vehicles, not to mention intercity vehicles also using inner-city roads.

Similarly, the latest study on the integrated transportation for Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, Bekasi (SITRAMP) made by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) shows that the economic loss caused by the congestion now amounts to Rp 5.5 trillion annually.

The survey also says that cumulative economic losses up to 2020 are estimated to reach Rp 70.3 trillion, or almost 12 times higher than today's economic losses, if no significant efforts are made to resolve the chronic transportation problems.
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Old May 24th, 2005, 09:27 PM   #2
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New toll roads will not cure Jakarta's chronic congestion
Damar Harsanto, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta

The Jakarta administration's plan to build more toll roads connecting busy areas might be seen as a good idea to some people, but transportation experts believe they could cause greater congestion.

The Indonesia Transportation Society (MTI) chairman Bambang Susantono emphasized that out of the many projects planned, expected to cost over Rp 23 trillion (approximately US$2.4 billion) to construct a total of 85.3 kilometers of toll roads would only benefit a relative few -- mostly private car owners.

"Constructing the (inner city) toll roads will allow more vehicles to enter the already busy central business areas ... it's like sending the floods in," he told The Jakarta Post on Saturday.

Bambang said that the toll roads would cause traffic further congestion at the toll exit/entrance gates in the city center because the limited road capacity available would be able to handle to the massive influx of traffic.

He explained that it was this same argument that brought about the cancellation of the toll road construction project linking Bekasi and Kampung Melayu in East Jakarta back in 1990.

"There was a decision made at that time that the city's narrow streets in Kampung Melayu would not be able to accommodate larger traffic flows," he said.

The project was revived as part of the planned construction of seven new toll roads -- not six as reported previously -- the Kemayoran-Kampung Melayu, Rawa Buaya-Sunter-Kampung Melayu-Duri Pulo via Tomang, Sunter-Pulogebang, Ulujami-Tanah Abang and Pasar Minggu-Casablanca routes.

The massive project will begin next March and is expected to finish by 2009.

Soetanto Soehodho Mahry, a professor of transportation engineering from the University of Indonesia, who chairs the university's Center for Transportation Studies (CTS), also urged the administration to focus more on developing public transportation.

Soetanto claimed that motorists would only enjoy a brief respite from the chronic traffic congestion.

"But the gridlock will return as long as the administration had no policy to curb rapid growth of car ownership in the city," the City Transportation Council chairman told the Post.

Every day, at least 138 new cars flood city streets, putting more burden on the already overcrowded roads, most of which are community streets and lanes. Not to mention the 600,000 drivers who commute in from suburban areas, like Bekasi and Tangerang.

Soetanto also warned that the presence of another elevated road in the capital, combined with all the other buildings buildings and structures, would make the city uglier.

Soetanto highlighted the paramount importance of the administration to prioritize a variety of public transportation projects, which would have a greater impact on the majority of Jakarta's residents, rather than just the private vehicle owners.

"I'd prefer see the development of a subway system rather than more elevated highways, which will actually server far fewer residents. In my calculation, the construction of the subway would only cost between Rp 150 billion and Rp 200 billion per kilometer, much cheaper than the elevated toll roads," he said.

The planned toll roads are expected to cost over Rp 270 billion per kilometer.

"Besides benefiting the public in general, the subway will not affect the city's esthetics as it be mostly underground," he said.
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Old May 25th, 2005, 05:09 AM   #3
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90 Persen Tol Kota Berupa Jalan Layang


Jakarta, Kompas - Dari total 85 kilometer panjang ruas jalan tol dalam kota yang akan dibangun mulai tahun depan, sebesar 90 persen di antaranya diupayakan dalam bentuk jalan layang. Hal itu dilakukan untuk meminimalkan keresahan warga berkaitan dengan soal pembebasan lahan.

Menurut rencana, pembangunan enam ruas tol senilai Rp 23 triliun itu akan dimulai Maret 2006 dan diperkirakan selesai dalam empat sampai lima tahun. "Sebagian besar berupa jalan layang untuk menghindari adanya pembebasan tanah sehingga ini bisa mengantisipasi kemungkinan timbulnya gejolak sosial," kata Direktur Utama PT Jakarta Propertindo IGKG Suwena, Senin (23/5) sore di Balaikota.

Sisanya, sekitar 10 persen, tetap harus dibangun di atas lahan, khususnya untuk turunan dan putaran.

Apakah 10 persen ruas jalan tol yang berada di tanah akan menggunakan lahan warga, Suwena mengatakan, kemungkinan itu kecil. "Kita lihat saja nanti," katanya.

Menurut mantan Asisten Administrasi dan Pembangunan DKI itu, fondasi ke enam ruas jalan tol tersebut akan dibuat di jalur-jalur hijau jalan raya, bantaran kali, dan tepi rel kereta.

Mengenai sumber dana, ada kemungkinan dibentuk sebuah konsorsium atau membentuk anak perusahaan khusus di bidang jalan tol. (pin)
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Old May 25th, 2005, 01:13 PM   #4
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Bambang is rite... more toll means more car... more car means more traffic... more traffic means more road... more road means build elevated toll!!!

This policy isnt rite for traffic solution. Jakarta needs develop their public transport capacity! Not just the road capacity, but the capacity of the public transport itself. I'm reffering to public mass transport like busway, commuter train, monorail/subway not elevated tollroad.

Infact, i think from some point of view, elevated toll uglier its city face...

So...(bakalan) macet lagi...macet lagi...
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Old May 25th, 2005, 01:25 PM   #5
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I totally agree. Why don't they divert just $1 billion out of the $2.3 billion to build a subway system???
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Old May 25th, 2005, 01:40 PM   #6
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For $ 2.4 millions you can build 2-3 corridors high capacity rail system (metro) or equal 15-20 corridors high capacity busway system.

For the leader who had sponsored by the autocars company still insist that build more toll means more incentive, of course there are the bad side too, things that we already mentioned before. But a true leader who respect and serve their citizen rightfully would choose for the public's transport option.

I dont know and dont have idea which side Sutiyoso is....
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Old May 25th, 2005, 11:11 PM   #7
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Toll road is proved to be able to give good return of investment to investors. Plus more people buying cars means more money to those japanese car makers. Which is not surprising why that japanese backed survey result was: build more toll roads.

Jakarta is a big city. Even without current traffic capacity, I agree that Jakarta indeed needs more ring road/toll road. However, public transport is much more needed right now.
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Old May 25th, 2005, 11:53 PM   #8
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i support the idea of improving the public transport...cus 2 b honest...public transport in jkt is quite poor at the moment...one of the few things i less like bout jkt...maybe bcus im used to the public transport in amsterdam, which is quite good...well organized...the busses, tram( is it an english word btw tram?), subway even the bicyclecab..
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Old May 26th, 2005, 12:52 AM   #9
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Jakarta's toll roads is not the best in the region (yes, we need more roads and elevated highways), but its public transport system is much, much worse...even New Delhi has a metro system! We're like 20 years behind comparable cities in public transport system
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Old May 26th, 2005, 01:09 AM   #10
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I heard some in some counties, cities that has population more than 300,000 is allowed to request a subway to be built.

Tram is an english word. Tram = Light Rail Vehicle = Electric Car
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Old May 28th, 2005, 02:05 PM   #11
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jakarta post 28/5

Toll roads vs MRT

People commuting the streets of Jakarta will see worse, more chaotic traffic when the construction of seven new toll roads starts next March.

The seven new turnpikes totaling 85.3 kilometers in length will encompass the Kemayoran, Kampung Melayu, Rawa Buaya, Sunter, Kampung Melayu, Duri Pulo, Pulogebang, Ulujami, Tanah Abang, Pasar Minggu and Casablanca areas.

The city administration believes the new toll roads will be able to cure the perennial city traffic woes. However, many question if the policy is appropriate.

Those who are skeptical that the new toll roads will cure the transportation problems in the city argue that what this megalopolis needs is a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system, which -according to previous reports -- will be established by the end of this year.

According to modern urban transportation theory, if big buses can no longer accommodate the increasing number of passengers, following an increase in population, the MRT system is the next logical choice.

The establishment of a busway system in Jakarta, which drew controversy in the beginning, could be cited as the start of the provision for the MRT in the city.

The busway system seems to have worked despite the fact that most of its passengers are those who used to take regular buses and want to reach their workplaces earlier. Busway systems, supported by special TransJakarta buses, were supposed to have encouraged car owners to leave their cars at home. From this point of view, the system, which was adopted from Bogota, Colombia, has yet to be a real success. However, as an embryo of the MRT system, the busway is promising. It should be maintained, expanded and improved.

In the midst of the city administration's obvious confusion about how it deals with transportation problems, public transport advocates and users are likely to be little comforted upon learning that toll roads are to get the first priority, instead of an MRT system. This will mean their dream of going to and from their workplaces on an MRT will remain a dream.

These commuters will not be the only ones shaking their heads in disbelief. Observers say that the new urban toll roads will only allow more vehicles to enter already busy areas with normal roads.

Once they are complete, motorists will only enjoy a brief respite from severe traffic woes, they say, adding that while vehicles may run freely on the toll roads they eventually will have to enter congested narrow city streets. More highways, therefore, are not the solution.

Given almost all the existing turnpikes in the city are congested almost every day, the administration should have reviewed its old paradigm when trying to resolve the transportation system and dealing with daily congestion.

The construction of new toll roads is also thought to encourage rich people to buy new cars. Many say that the new roads, which are too costly for the car-less poor, only benefit the wealthy. In other words, the administration has never thought to defend the interests of those who do not own private cars. It has also done nothing to help curb the rapid growth of car ownership, which is out of control.

Another point worth arguing is that the construction of the 85.3 kilometers of toll roads will need at least Rp 23 trillion (around US$2.4 billion). Meanwhile, according to the chairman of Indonesian Transportation Community, the government has sought only $685 million from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) for the construction of the MRT.

Any analysis of costs to benefits begs some important questions. Why does the administration prefer allocating the $2.4 billion for new toll roads, which will only benefit the rich and probably won't work anyway, to spending the same amount on the development of an MRT system, which is able to transport thousands of people a day?

Jakarta is a city of about 12 million people, about 1.5 million of whom have private cars and almost 2.5 million who have motorcycles. It can be therefore assumed that the remaining millions need to use public transportation every day. It is obvious that the construction of new toll roads is a pro-rich policy.

The city now has a total of 7,576 km of streets, most of which are congested each day. This inflicts serious losses on the city's economy. According to the latest survey conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the cumulative economic losses caused by traffic congestion in 2020 is expected to reach Rp 70.3 trillion.

It is high time the city administration makes policies that take these vital factors into account when designing transportation systems. The construction of new toll roads is not the right choice -- what the city does need is an effective and efficient MRT system. For the decision-makers it is simply a matter of vision -- a vision wide enough to benefit all Jakartans; not just the privileged few.
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Old June 1st, 2005, 03:01 PM   #12
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I dont understand where they will get the right-of-way for this. Jakarta, especially inner city Jakarta is already crowded and built up.

And i do agree with you guys, why does the govt keep trying to solve the traffic problem with more roads that will encourage more cars? They should concentrate on developing mass transportation, something Jakarta is behind in.
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Old August 31st, 2005, 10:30 PM   #13
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I'm not sure if this toll road is part of inner city toll road as mentioned in the thread title. Anyway, this is two of toll roads mentioned in top 6 to be build.

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Pembangunan Tol Depok Akhir Tahun 2005
Rabu, 31 Agustus 2005 | 10:25 WIB

TEMPO Interaktif, Depok:Kepala Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Yayan Aryanto mengatakan, pemerintah menargetkan pembangunan dua jalan tol yang melintasi Depok, yaitu Depok - Antasari dan Jagorawi - Cinere, pada akhir tahun 2005.

"Targetnya memang tahun ini, jadi kan tidak bisa dibilang gagal atau molor kan," kata Yayan kepada Tempo, Rabu (31/8).

Rencana itu, lanjutnya, saat ini masih dibahas oleh Departemen Pekerjaan Umum. Materi yang dibahas antara lain soal lelang siapa kontraktor yang bakal turut melakukan pembangunan tol. Juga apakah proses pembangunan jalan tol secara keseluruhan atau satu paket, yaitu pembebasan tanah, bahan-bahan pembangunan jalan tol dan sebagainya.

"Jadi yang nanti menang dalam pelelangan, maka itu investor yang akan membangun. Itu semua diputuskan oleh pemerintah pusat," ujarnya. Rini Kustiani
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Old September 27th, 2005, 02:43 PM   #14
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since our goverment already put alot of money on banjir kanal project, why dont make it as a transportation project like at philipine? solve traffic problem by water trasportation....
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Old September 27th, 2005, 03:11 PM   #15
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Quote:
Originally Posted by vinta
since our goverment already put alot of money on banjir kanal project, why dont make it as a transportation project like at philipine? solve traffic problem by water trasportation....
That'll be part of the project. I understood that we'll see prototype of water-bus in next few months (i forgot where I read it).

BTW, welcome to the forum Vinta.

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Old October 24th, 2005, 07:44 AM   #16
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dari: www.kompas.com

Pembangunan Enam Ruas Jalan Tol di Jakarta Disetujui

Laporan : Glori K. Wadrianto

Pemerintah menyetujui rencana pembangunan enam ruas jalan tol sepanjang 85,28 km untuk mengatasi kemacetan lalu lintas di Jakarta.

Persetujuan pemerintah tersebut lewat pertemuan Wakil Presiden (Wapres) Jusuf Kalla dengan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum (PU) Joko Kirmanto serta Gubernur DKI Jakarta Sutiyoso di Istana Wapres, Jakarta, Senin (24/10).

"Pada prinsipnya Bapak Wakil Presiden sangat setuju yang penting antara pemerintah pusat dalam hal ini Departemen PU dan DKI harus bekerja sama bagaimana agar jalan tol segera dibangun dan segera berfungsi," kata Joko didampingi Sutiyoso usai menemui Wapres.

Enam ruas jalan tol yang akan memakan biaya sekitar Rp23 triliun itu adalah
Kemayoran-Kampung Melayu, Rawa Buaya-Sunter, Kampung Melayu-Tanah Abang, Sunter-Pulogebang, Pasar Minggu-Casablanca, dan Ulujami-Tanah Abang.


Joko mengatakan, permasalahan hukum dalam proyek ini juga telah diselesaikan dengan mengacu kepada UU tentang Jalan, PP tentang Jalan Tol, serta UU Otonomi Daerah. "Tadi kita sudah sepakat, jalan keluar sudah didapat, sehingga dalam waktu singkat, kita akan mengadakan tim kecil antara Departemen PU dan DKI dan mudah-mudahan enam ruas jalan tol dalam waktu singkat dapat kita tenderkan," katanya.

Sutiyoso menambahkan, proyek ini nyaris tidak akan melakukan pembebasan tanah. Sebab, pembangunan jalan yang dilakukan secara elevatif atau jalan tol di atas jalan (jalan layang). "Sehingga ini akan memudahkan karena kita nyaris tidak membebaskan lahan," kata Sutiyoso.

Di tempat yang sama, Dirut PT Jasa Marga Syarifuddin Alambai mengatakan, setelah selesai masalah hukum dilanjutkan persiapan dokumen. Persiapan dokumen hingga proses tender akan makan waktu enam bulan. Pengumuman tender diharapkan pada sebelum tahun 2005 berakhir.

Diperkirakan jika konstruksi pembangunan keenam ruas jalan tol dilakukan pertengahan tahun 2006 maka untuk pembangunan jalan tol membutuhkan waktu sekitar dua tahun. "Pembangunan ini memerlukan koordinasi dengan PLN dan Telkom itu yang lama, ya sekitar dua tahunan, ya akhir 2008 bisa selesai," demikian Syarifuddin Alambai.
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Old October 24th, 2005, 10:12 PM   #17
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Same news about the six toll road to build in Jkt. From www.TheJakartaPost.com

Tenders to start for six innercity toll roads in Jakarta

JAKARTA (Antara): The government will start the tender process for six toll roads in Jakarta worth about Rp 23 trillion (US$2.27 billion), Minister of Public Works Djoko Kirmanto said on Monday.

"We will announce the start of the tender process soon. Then we will have to wait two or three weeks for interested parties to submit their proposals," he announced at the vice presidential office.

Djoko was accompanied by Jakarta Governor Sutiyoso, Director General of Road Infrastructure Hendriyanto Notosoegondo and state toll-road operator PT Jasa Marga president Syarifuddin Alambay at the meeting with Vice President Jusuf Kalla.

The six toll roads-- expected to reduce traffic jams in Jakarta -- will be the
Kemayoran-Kampung Melayu,
Rawa Buaya-Sunter,
Kampung Melayu-Tanah
Abang-Duri Pulo,
Sunter-Pulo Gebang,
Pasar Minggu-Casablanca

and Ulujami-Tanah Abang roads.

"The Vice President approved the plan on the condition that the central government can cooperate with the city administration to enable immediate construction," Djoko said.

"We will form a joint team to prepare the tender process for the six toll roads."

Meanwhile, Sutiyoso said the six toll roads would have a total length of 85.28 kilometers and would be elevated toll roads.

"Most of the toll roads will be built on top of existing roads so we won't need to acquire too much land," he said.

Construction will start in mid-2006 and is expected to be finished by 2008, said Alambay.

"We will need to coordinate with other parties, such as utility company PLN and telephone company Telkom during construction," he added. (***)
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Old October 25th, 2005, 09:10 AM   #18
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So they're going to build more stupid highways inside Jakarta and cancel those in West Java where they are actually needed??

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Old October 25th, 2005, 12:13 PM   #19
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it is easier to find investor for jakarta toll road than in west java. its the capital afterall. this is what happen when a government does not have money. they dont have bargaining power.
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Old December 13th, 2005, 01:31 PM   #20
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I think Jakarta needs an efficient public transportation instead of more toll roads. Theoritically, a city with 2 million plus inhabitants need a mass rapid transportation system.
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