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Old June 27th, 2010, 05:59 PM   #1
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Corozal | Images & Urban Discussions







Corozal Town is a town in the nation of Belize. It is the capital of Corozal District. Corozal Town is located about 84 miles north of Belize City, and 9 miles from the border with Mexico. The population is about 8,100. Corozal was a private estate before becoming a town in the 1840s, mostly settled by Mestizo refugees from the Caste War of Yucatán. Much of the town was built over an ancient Maya city sometimes known as Santa Rita; this may have been the original Pre-Columbian town called Chetumal. The town was badly damaged by Hurricane Janet in 1955 and was substantially rebuilt afterwards.

HISTORY

Corozal, the northmost town in Belize, was founded in 1848 by refugees from the Maya Indian uprising against the Spanish in neighboring Yucatan. This uprising, known as the War of the Castes (from the Spanish "castas" or race), began as a war against the Spaniards, but it eventually became a war against the Mestizos. The Mestizos, half Spanish and half Indian, had proved to be formidable allies of the Spaniards, and were thus mortal enemies of the Maya Indians.

A massacre at Bacalar, Mexico — a Mestizo stronghold about thirty miles north of Corozal Town — finally led to the exodus of thousands of Mestizos from Bacalar and the surrounding area. Between 1848 and 1856 more than 10,000 refugees crossed the Rio Hondo, the river that now serves as a boundary between Belize and Mexico. These immigrants sought refuge in northern Belize, and increased the population of Corozal Town to 4500. Mr. James Blake, a magistrate, let them settle on lands in the Corozal District and helped them to establish the new crop — sugar cane.

The Mestizo refugees were far from safe in Corozal Town as the Maya Indians from the Mexican base in Santa Cruz Bravo — today Carrillo Puerto — made several incursions in Corozal Town. In defense, Corozal became a garrison town and Fort Barlee was built here in 1870. Today, the brick corner supports of the fort surround the post office complex of the buildings across from the central town square.


The immigrants brought with them Mestizo culture: Spanish and Yucatec Maya language, Catholicism and Maya folklore, the use of alcalde, their family structure and way of life. Soon, there emerged a local replication of the society of the Yucatan within the boundaries of a country ruled by English expatriates.

Across the bay from Corozal Town are the mounds of Cerros, the first Maya coastal trading center. Cerros is considered one of the most important late preclassic Maya sites because it represented the first experiment with kingship in the Maya world. The remains include a number of temples, plazas, ballcourts, canals, and minor structures. The most interesting artifacts so far discovered are the five jade head pendants.

Within Corozal itself can be found another Maya ruin from the fourteenth century AD. Known as Santa Rita, the pyramid site sits atop the remains of a Maya city that dominated the area for more than 2000 years. Burial sites rich in jewelry and artifacts have recently been unearthed here. Santa Rita was probably part of ancient Chactumal, the Maya capital of the area at the time of the first Spanish attempt to conquer the Yucatec Mayas in the early 16th century.

The town is served by Corozal Hospital.
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Old June 27th, 2010, 06:14 PM   #2
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Old June 27th, 2010, 06:26 PM   #3
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Old June 27th, 2010, 06:26 PM   #4
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Old June 27th, 2010, 06:47 PM   #5
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Old June 28th, 2010, 01:04 AM   #6
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Nice town. The beches are gorgeous.
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Old June 29th, 2010, 09:03 PM   #7
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Hola.
saludos desde Chetumal...
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Old July 3rd, 2010, 07:40 PM   #8
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That fountain is so preeetty.
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Old July 10th, 2010, 07:01 PM   #9
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Smile saludos

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pienso pronto visitar este hermoso pais y se ve muy bello,el problema es que no hablo ingles pero se que me dara gusto estar ahi,saludos desde mexico
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Old July 10th, 2010, 07:01 PM   #10
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Wink chetumal

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saludos desde Chetumal...
espero recorrer todo muy pronto,viva mexico
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Old August 22nd, 2010, 05:59 AM   #11
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A monument in spanish!!...
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Old April 26th, 2012, 05:25 AM   #12
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Old April 27th, 2012, 01:07 AM   #13
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Old April 27th, 2012, 01:18 AM   #14
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nice pictures,,
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Old April 3rd, 2013, 12:39 AM   #15
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Me gusta cómo se ve Corozal. Esta es la ciudad Beliceña más cercana a la frontera con México cierto? Cómo es la relación entre México y Belice? Hay mucho comercio? Viajan mucho los beliceños a México y viceversa?

Yo imaginaría que la ciudad mexicana de Chetumal mantiene relaciones comerciales fuertes con Corozal, es esto cierto?
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Old April 3rd, 2013, 03:07 AM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by d1e9o11 View Post
Me gusta cómo se ve Corozal. Esta es la ciudad Beliceña más cercana a la frontera con México cierto? Cómo es la relación entre México y Belice? Hay mucho comercio? Viajan mucho los beliceños a México y viceversa?

Yo imaginaría que la ciudad mexicana de Chetumal mantiene relaciones comerciales fuertes con Corozal, es esto cierto?
Sí lo es. Muchos beliceños ir a Chetumal para hacer compras. Chetumal está muy desarrollado. De Corozal, es mucho más cerca de llegar a Chetumal de llegar a la ciudad de Belice.

Muchos de ellos también pasan por México (Cancún), cuando los precios de billetes de avión son muy altos.

Beliceños en realidad ayudó a Chetumal establecido. De vuelta en la década de 1970, Chetumal era todo camino de tierra, sin desarrollo. Playa del Carmen también.
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Old April 4th, 2013, 05:58 PM   #17
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Curious, there's a town named Corozal in Puerto Rico as well.
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Old April 4th, 2013, 06:41 PM   #18
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Curious, there's a town named Corozal in Puerto Rico as well.
Yes there is one in Honduras and Costa Rica as well
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Old April 4th, 2013, 11:57 PM   #19
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Hahahaha too many "Corozals" in the area.....
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Old December 13th, 2013, 01:34 AM   #20
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Corozal Aerial
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