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Old December 18th, 2013, 01:37 PM   #1
kunming tiger
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Green energy vehicles

Home / Business / Motoring / Auto Policy
Drive to speed up for new energy vehicles

Updated: 2013-11-27 07:27 By Li Fangfang ( China Daily)

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A production line owned by BYD Co, a leading electric car manufacturer. China has been one of the major frontiers for new energy vehicles after the country provided many favorable policies in recent years to ease its heavy dependence on imported oil, cut emissions and speed the restructuring of the automobile sector. [Photo / China Daily]


Four ministries are throwing their collective weight behind alternative-fuel vehicles, with a new round of subsidies set for more than two dozen cities and urban clusters by 2015.
The Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Development and Reform Commission on Monday jointly confirmed that 28 cities and areas had their applications approved to promote new-energy vehicles.
The cities include Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dalian, Ningbo, Qingdao, Wuhu and major provincial capitals.
Also on the list are urban clusters in Hebei, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi and Guangdong provinces.
The big cities on the list must have at least 10,000 new-energy vehicles in service by 2015, while smaller cities need at least 5,000.
Owners of pure electric passenger vehicles are eligible for subsidies of 35,000 yuan ($5,745) to 60,000 yuan. The subsidy for plug-in hybrids will be 35,000 yuan.
Subsidies for pure electric buses will range from 300,000 to 500,000 yuan, while those for hybrid buses will be 250,000 yuan.
Fuel cell vehicles will be the biggest beneficiaries, with subsidies of 500,000 yuan each.
The ministries urged local governments to use new-energy vehicles as official cars and in public transportation. The central government is requiring local governments to have at least 30 percent new-energy vehicles in their official fleets and mass transit systems.
To avoid regional protection, the government has told local governments to buy more than 30 percent of their new-energy vehicles from elsewhere in the country.
Last year, China set an ambitious annual target of producing and selling 500,000 energy-efficient and alternative-fuel vehicles by 2015, and 5 million green vehicles by 2020.
The blueprint is expected to help achieve an annual production capacity of 2 million pure electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles by 2020, the plan said.
Last year, the government offered subsidies totaling 26.5 billion yuan to stimulate purchases of energy-efficient products, mainly automobiles and household appliances.
China has been a "frontier" for new-energy vehicles, as the country drew up many favorable policies in recent years to ease its heavy dependence on imported oil, cut emissions and speed the restructuring of the automobile sector.
Though the majority of the support policies will apply to domestic brands, the potential for market development has attracted foreign vehicle producers, especially leaders in the sector.
Germany-based luxury vehicle producer BMW AG made Beijing one of the three premiere cities in the world for its pure-electric i3 cars on July 29.
United States-based electric car producer Tesla Motors Inc this month opened its first showroom in China, taking pre-orders for its Model S four-door sportscars from customers at its Beijing location.
Mercedes-Benz last week became the first European manufacturer to import pure electric vehicles into China.
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Old December 18th, 2013, 01:39 PM   #2
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China to promote new-energy vehiclesUpdated: 2013-09-18 09:35
( Xinhua) Comments() Print Mail Large Medium SmallBEIJING -- Subsidies will be provided to help promote new-energy vehicles from 2013 to 2015, the Ministry of Finance said on Tuesday.

Manufacturers of pure electric automobiles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles will be eligible for the subsidies, a ministry notice said.

Government organizations, public institutions and public transportation will be key targets for the new policy, the notice said.

The subsidy standards will be rated following basic price differences between new-energy automobiles and their traditional counterparts, but will decrease each year due to scale of production and technological progress.

Central financial authorities will also reward pilot cities with subsidies in proportion to their investment in building charging equipment.

The key target regions will be mega-cities or city clusters, as they are under heavy pressure to save energy and cut emissions, for example the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei cluster, the Yangtze River Delta area and the Pearl River Delta region.

Previously, subsidies just went to pilot cities.

The notice was jointly issued by the MOF, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Development and Reform Commission
To be a pilot city or cluster, they must provide plans on how they will promote new-energy vehicles and apply to the four departments.
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Old December 18th, 2013, 01:45 PM   #3
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GM's China research center to focus on 'new energy'Updated: 2012-11-30 14:24
( Agencies) Comments(0) Print Mail Large Medium SmallGeneral Motors Co unveiled its latest global research center in China on Thursday, where it hopes to take advantage of the country's vast supply of engineering graduates to drive its development of a new generation of electric vehicles.
The center has also been testing new, "next-generation" battery technology for electric battery vehicles.

China is home to a large number of automotive parts producers, both indigenous and units of foreign suppliers, who are poised to play a bigger role in supplying more sophisticated components to auto makers around the world, including GM, Du said.

China's auto market has grown rapidly - it has been the world's largest since 2009 - and one of the new center's primary roles is to ensure the requirements and preferences of consumers in China are integrated into GM's global product development.

But the new facilities in Shanghai - the GM China Advanced Technical Center - will look after not just China's auto market. It plans to develop an array of technologies and know-how for the global marketplace, alongside similar engineering centers in the United States, Germany and South Korea.
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GM's China research center to focus on 'new energy'Updated: 2012-11-30 14:24
( Agencies) Comments(0) Print Mail Large Medium SmallGeneral Motors Co unveiled its latest global research center in China on Thursday, where it hopes to take advantage of the country's vast supply of engineering graduates to drive its development of a new generation of electric vehicles.

China's auto market has grown rapidly - it has been the world's largest since 2009 - and one of the new center's primary roles is to ensure the requirements and preferences of consumers in China are integrated into GM's global product development.

But the new facilities in Shanghai - the GM China Advanced Technical Center - will look after not just China's auto market. It plans to develop an array of technologies and know-how for the global marketplace, alongside similar engineering centers in the United States, Germany and South Korea.





File photo of a GM logo seen on a Hydrogen car presentation in Berlin. [Photo/Agencies]



The decision to site a major upstream research facility in Shanghai was based in part on the relative abundance of engineering talent in China, which already produces more science and engineering graduates than any country, Reuters cited John Du, a director of the new center.

Du said that there's tremendous people capability in China with more science and engineering graduates than the US, Japan, and Germany combined.

The move is also consistent with a degree of division of labor GM has been promoting among its primary research facilities, said Yale Zhang, head of Shanghai-based consulting firm Automotive Foresight.

One principal area of research the new tech center is likely to focus on, Zhang believes, is "new energy" - a Chinese codeword for heavily electrified technology that powers all-electric battery cars and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Thursday's launch marked the official opening of the second and final phase of the Shanghai center, which the company said will have styling, vehicle engineering, engine engineering, and vehicle communications research all under one roof.

GM said up to 250 engineers, researchers and designers will eventually work at the sprawling campus.

This is the most comprehensive automotive tech center in the country, Bob Socia, head of GM's operations in China, India and Southeast Asia was quoted by Reuters.

The first phase opened in September 2011, and it has already started research in lightweight auto parts with a focus on magnesium and high strength steel, because China is a major producer of those materials and has ample supplies of both.
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Old December 18th, 2013, 01:53 PM   #4
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Home / Business / Motoring / Auto News Electric vs hydrogen: China is battleground for auto giantsUpdated: 2013-11-22 17:11
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Home / Business / Motoring / Auto News Electric vs hydrogen: China is battleground for auto giantsUpdated: 2013-11-22 17:11
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Jonathan Browning, President and CEO of the Volkswagen Group of America, introduces the Volkswagen e-Golf electric car at the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, Nov 20, 2013. [Photo/Agencies]



German auto giants Volkswagen AG, BMW and Daimler see China's future as being electric - encouraged by generous government subsidies - but that bet puts them at odds with some of their Asian rivals.

While the Europeans were heralding the all-electric vehicle at the Guangzhou auto show this week, Toyota Motor and Honda Motor were unveiling hydrogen fuel cell cars at shows in Tokyo and Los Angeles.

The two Japanese heavyweights plan to start selling their hydrogen vehicles in 2015, brushing off electric technology as being good enough only to power tiny city cars.

One of the most ambitious in betting on electric cars in China, the world's largest auto market, is Volkswagen.

On the eve of the Guangzhou show, Volkswagen said its brands, including Volkswagen and Audi, plan to launch a total of more than 15 near-all-electric plug-in cars by 2018, many of which will be locally produced.

"We forecast high volumes in this area," Jochem Heizmann, head of Volkswagen Group China, told reporters this week.

BMW and its local partner Brilliance Auto unveiled a jointly developed all-electric battery car in Guangzhou. The two companies plan to start leasing the car next year under a new jointly run China-only brand called Zinoro.

Daimler said it was also on track to launch an all-electric car next year under a new China-only brand called Denza, which the German company operates jointly with Chinese battery and car producer BYD Co.

The rush into all-electric cars comes as Beijing ramps up a program to put 5 million new energy vehicles - defined as all-electric battery vehicles and heavily electrified "near all-electric" plug-in hybrids - on the road by 2020.

China this year expanded the definition of new energy cars to include fuel cell cars
The two concepts have polarized the industry.

Fuel cell cars can run up to five times longer than their all-electric counterparts, but come with a heftier price tag.

But unlike electric vehicles which can be recharged from home as well as charging stations, fuel cell cars must stop at refilling stations. The hydrogen stations are costly to build, at about $6 million apiece.

Call for flexibility

Some industry insiders and experts believe China is too focused on all-electric cars or plug-ins.

"Toyota believes the industry isn't likely to come up with breakthroughs to make all-electric cars a viable solution any time soon," said Yale Zhang, head of Shanghai-based consulting firm Automotive Foresight. "Unlike China, some countries have taken a more flexible approach, rather than setting the path on one solution too early."

Toyota, in particular, thinks all-electric car technology is good enough to power only tiny city cars - not powerful enough for larger cars.

At this week's Tokyo Motor Show, Toyota unveiled a fuel cell concept sedan with two hydrogen tanks and a driving range of 500 km (310 miles). The car, it said, would sell for 5 million to 10 million yen ($50,000-100,000) when it goes on sale in 2015.

Honda also unveiled a five-passenger hydrogen fuel cell vehicle at the Los Angeles Auto Show this week. By his own admission, the company's chief executive of its US business, Tetsuo Iwamura, expects uptake to be slow due to poor infrastructure.

In China's congested and bustling cities, electric charging or hydrogen fuelling stations are a rare sight. Volkswagen says the infrastructure is not good enough, and believes plug-in hybrid technology is the solution.

Plug-in cars come equipped with a small gasoline engine that can power the car when it is drained of electricity.

Nissan Motor plans to sell a fuel cell car in Japan and North America starting in 2017, but like Volkswagen, sees electric technology as the future in China, according to Ren Yong, a senior executive of Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Co, Nissan's Chinese venture with a local partner.

Nissan plans to start selling a locally developed electric car in China under the Venucia brand as early as next year.
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