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Old June 6th, 2012, 07:09 AM   #1641
srivatsayb
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Originally Posted by SSCaddict View Post
finally first NTPC project in Karnataka

at-last NTPC in karnataka..this was very much needed for out North Karnataka folk (i think this ceremony got over a few days ago and civil works have started)..

Solapur also is very good..Shinde manages one for his stronghold....
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Old June 9th, 2012, 11:02 AM   #1642
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The fact that the power generating and distribution industry is in a shambles in many parts of India will come as no surprise to many. For instance, the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB), responsible for distributing power to much of the state, has accumulated losses of Rs 50,000 crore. Many power distribution companies (discoms) in other states mirror TNEB’s fragile financial condition.

Now, however, a sea change has gradually taken place over last year in the finances of discoms who were broke because of their inability to raise the price of power. At least fifteen have been able to raise tariffs, thereby minimising what would have otherwise been a brutal year, considering the huge increase in the price of coal during this period. Moreover, twenty-three of these discoms have applied for permission to further increase tariffs for the following year, suddenly altering, for the better, the future financial viability of their operations. This may not be good news for customers, but is a crucial boost to the industry, since electricity generators can now get paid on time and don’t have to consider shutting off power supply until payments are received from discoms.

Discoms are hobbled by the fact that the cost of fuel is passed on to them, making these distributors vulnerable to price fluctuations. Since fuel costs accounted for around 48 per cent of the total increase in costs for utilities over the last six years, and will go up to 54 per cent over the next five, it is easy to see why discoms were desperate for a price increase. On account of the cost increases, the tariff would be required to increase at a CAGR of six per cent over the next five years, according to a report by CRISIL.

FINALLY, A PRICE HIKE
Several years of no tariff hike has finally ended, giving hope to discoms

Tariff increase for FY11
States Tariff increase in %
Gujarat <5
HP, MP, Punjab, Karnataka 41039.00
Mizoram, Manipur, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra >10-15
AP, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, J&K >15-20
Nagaland, Delhi, Rajasthan >20
Source: CRISIL report

This is a big deal for both discoms as well as the power sector, which together service an economy and a population that are growing, by and large, at a rapid clip. In an environment where the industry has been prevented from raising the price of power largely due to political compulsions—most states hadn’t done so in as many as eight years—the fact that so many have, in just one year, substantially raises the prospects for discoms.

The numbers tell a very simple and direct story about the financial health of discoms. According to data from the power ministry, the average cost of supply (ACS) for all power companies has clearly far exceeded the average revenue realised on a subsidy basis. In 2008-09, the average costs stood at Rs 3.41/kwh versus revenues of Rs 2.91/kwh; in 2007-8, costs were Rs 2.93/kwh versus revenues of Rs 2.65/kwh; and in 2006-07, costs were Rs 2.75/kwh compared to revenues of Rs 2.49/kwh. Without a price increase, operating a discom is clearly a loss-making proposition.

Not surprisingly, the accumulated losses of financial utilities were estimated to be over Rs 2 trillion at the end of 2011-12, from Rs 1.23 trillion at the end of the previous year, according to a CRISIL report. Apart from the losses, the amount of outstanding loans for the utilities, including short- and long-term ones, stood at Rs 1,77,602 crore as of March 31, 2010.

But it isn’t just the lack of a price increase that has caused so much past trauma. An expert who tracks the power sector says apart from no tariff hikes, a reason for the state of affairs is the non-receipt of subsidies by state governments. Regular increases, coupled with some measures, will ease out the problems of the distribution segment, he says. Subsidy from state governments was estimated at 18.94 per cent (Rs 29,665 crore) of total revenue of the state utilities in 2008-09, which had increased from 11.17 per cent (Rs 13,590 crore in 2006-07) and 14.12 per cent (Rs 19,518 crore) in 2007-08. Although subsidies booked have grown at 30 per cent a year, they were received at only 14 per cent, according to CRISIL.

This bleak situation existed even as far back as a decade ago. So much so that in 2001-02, a committee headed by Montek Singh Ahluwalia had to bail out utilities by issuing long-term bonds to be discharged by the state governments. Some experts believe that if the government does not take action on a continuous basis to improve the financial health of discoms, the situation that arose in 2001-02 may recur.

Yet, the improvement seen in the last year has been enough to impress two main stakeholders on whom the discoms are dependant. Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) and Power Finance Corporation (PFC), major lenders to the power sector, are bullish on the progress made last financial year. Both resumed loans to discoms recently. With a current loan book of around Rs 1,02,000 crore, REC’s lending towards discoms stands at Rs 35,000-40,000 crore. “We have resumed short- as well as long-term lending to discoms and there is no restructuring or any default by companies till now,” he said.

PFC, too, has turned on the spigot. A senior PFC official says the company has only a four per cent loan exposure to discoms, but has resumed short-term lending following the new criteria set by the power ministry. Of its total loan assets of Rs 1,30,072 crore, only Rs 5,667 crore goes to the distribution segment. Still, while the loan sanctions by PFC at the end of 2011-12 stood at what seems relatively paltry, Rs 2,664 crore, it was a huge improvement from just Rs 216 crore doled out at the end of 2010-11.

However, it’s not as if the struggle for financial viability is over just yet. These kinds of tariff increases need to happen for the next two-three years continuously in order to make a substantial improvement in the financial position of the discoms, REC’s director of finance, H D Khunteta, tells Business Standard.

Last week, the power ministry also gave the industry a shot in the arm by introducing competitive bidding rules for the short-term purchase of power by distribution companies. These new guidelines aim at introducing transparent processes in the procurement of short-term power, and bringing down the overall cost of power for consumers.

This is important since discoms depend on short-term deals for power to cater to sudden spurts in demand, especially during elections and in summers. These spikes can cripple already debilitated discoms and the above-mentioned guidelines could bolster a weak yet critical industry that is showing encouraging signs of life.
there was a time two years ago when PB govt charged 0 to farmers for electricity or it was free for farmers.
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Old June 9th, 2012, 11:08 AM   #1643
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In one of the biggest-ever restructuring exercise, the Centre has agreed to a loan relief for ailing power distribution companies (discoms) but is insisting that state governments and the utilities take over the entire burden of Rs 1.5 lakh crore, instead of banks taking over half the liability.

With the latest recast, the government has taken total loan restructuring to near Rs 2 lakh crore over the last two months, including Rs 35,000 debt relief for textile mills and Rs 18,000 crore for ailing Air India, with demand from several others, including private airlines, pending with lenders. Separately, banks have been restructuring loans of private players either on their own or through the corporate debt restructuring mechanism where a record number of proposals are being filed. Banks have also seen a rise in non-performing assets due to lingering global economic woes and a slowdown in the country.

A decision to restructure the power sector liabilities was taken at a meeting at the Prime Minister's Office on Wednesday, which will result in state governments issuing bonds of about Rs 1.5 lakh crore along with the discoms. While the final package will be finalized by the Union Cabinet by June-end, sources said it will not be in line with the recommendations of a committee headed by Planning Commission member B K Chaturvedi that had suggested that the burden be split between the states and lenders, which were asked to provide a moratorium on interest payment.

"Banks can only provide limited funding after the states take over the liability. The cash losses for this year also need to be taken care of by the states," said a source.

Instead, the finance ministry is insisting that states, which are responsible for the mess, do their bit by infusing equity and taking over the liabilities. In addition, they have to agree to reducing losses due to theft and raise tariffs to reflect the real cost of electricity. For states, this is a second lifeline in less than a decade as they had earlier issued bonds to power generation companies and promised reforms. Given their track record, the Centre is not keen that banks be forced to take a haircut.

The restructuring was necessitated as discoms were under financial strain and unable to pay their dues to the lenders. State governments have not been permitting an increase in electricity tariffs, while cost has gone up, resulting in stagnant revenues and losses.

The package was approved after the finance ministry agreed to a staggered restructuring under which state governments, which will bear 50% of the burden, will issue bonds to banks in line with the dues. These bonds will fetch banks interest of 9-10% and will have a maximum 10-year term, said sources. In the process, short-term loans extended to the discoms will become longer tenure loans.

On Thursday, economic affairs secretary R Gopalan had said that a final decision would be taken by the Cabinet soon, but did not disclose the details of the package
for the sector to survive it was necessary to clear this mess.
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Old June 11th, 2012, 10:07 AM   #1644
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Centre blames State for power shortage



Points out inadequate tie-ups with long term sources

Tamil Nadu is facing power shortage due to inadequate tie-ups with long-term sources of power generation and there is no possibility of bridging the huge gap between demand and supply through short or medium term purchases, according to Union Ministry of Power.

The Ministry also referred to the delay in commissioning of 12 power generation projects (six under Central sector, four in State sector and two in private sector) in the State due to reasons such as slow progress of civil works, non-availability of labour and delayed supplies of plant equipment.

K.D. Yadav, Under Secretary, Union Ministry of Power, made these submissions in written instructions given to Central Government Standing Counsel G. Thalaimutharasu in reply to a public interest litigation petition filed by a lawyer B. Stalin in the Madras High Court Bench here. The submissions were placed before the court on Friday.

The PIL petition, filed through counsel W. Peter Ramesh Kumar, accused the Centre of not assisting the State to recover from the power crisis. It sought a direction to allot the proposed generation of 2,000 MW from the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project to Tamil Nadu without any diversions.

Opposing the petitioner's plea, the Union Ministry said: “The generating stations in the Central sector are not set up for the benefit of host State only but for the benefit of supply of power to the constituent States and Union Territories of the region and other regions as well.”

Refuting the petitioner's claim that the Neyveli thermal station produced 26,000 MW of electricity and most of it was transmitted to neighbouring States, the Ministry said the installed capacity of Neyveli complex was 2,740MW of which Tamil Nadu's share amounted to 1,434 MW.

It also pointed out that an expansion unit of 250 MW in Neyveli had already been commissioned and was ready to be put under commercial operation. Another 250 MW unit was under construction and was expected to be commissioned in 2012-13.

According to the Ministry, Tamil Nadu was not the only State to be reeling under power shortage as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala as well as Puducherry were also facing similar problems. Lakshadweep was the only place in the southern region where the supply met the demand.

“Electricity being a concurrent subject, supply and distribution of electricity in a State is the responsibility of the State government concerned or Power Utilities in the State. Government of India supplements the efforts of the State governments by setting up power plants and bulk transmission systems,” it added.

When the matter came up for hearing before a Division Bench comprising Justice P. Jyothimani and Justice S. Vimala on Friday, they adjourned the matter to Tuesday with a direction that top officials of the State government must be present on the day to assist the court in disposing of the case.
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Old June 14th, 2012, 10:12 PM   #1645
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1000 MW energy production at Kudankulam to begin in next 20 days
New Delhi: The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project is in the final stages of energy production and 1,000 mega watt (MW) of energy production from the power plant shall begin within next 20 days, said Mr V. Narayanasamy, minister of state at an ASSOCHAM conference on Nuclear Energy here today.

“Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project will start energy production of 1,000 MW in the minimum of next 20 days as majority of the work on the plant has been done with, we are just awaiting the clearance from the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB),” said Mr Narayanasamy while inaugurating the “4th International Conference on Nuclear Energy” organized by the Nuclear Energy Group of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).

He said that “unfortunately some political parties are deliberately blocking progress in setting up of more nuclear power plants”, though they were privately admitting that nuclear power was needed for the country.

At the same time, “there would be no compromise on safety” the Minister declared. Recalling the Prime Minister’s statement in Parliament “safety first, energy production later”, Shri, Narayanasamy who also is MoS for personnel, public grievances, pensions and parliamentary affairs, pointed out that at Koodamkulam the nuclear power plant was protected by seven layers of safety systems.

In view of such attention to safety, Shri. Narayanasamy described the campaign about dangers from the plant was part of a “canard” being spread by interested parties. He asked how could the protesters at Jaitapur plant site raise the fear of Tsunami attack on the plant when the plant was 35 km inside from the seashore? At Kalpakkam where there is a fast breeder reactor he himself has found that the fish population in the sea was quite robust; yet the Koodankulam protesters were repeating canards like dangers to fish population, he regretted.

On FDI in nuclear power generation industry, the Minister disclosed that step by step discussions were going on regarding the limits of civil liability on the part of different entities involved in the construction and operation, final sing of why would enable FDI inflow . He endorsed the ASSOCHAM president Rajkumar Dhoot, MP’s observation that Indian industry was keen to participate in the manufacture of the reactors and components.

"Certain NGOs and foreign aided local bodies and anti-nuclear activists are taking an undue advantage of the lack of technical know-how amid the villagers and creating panicky which is slowing the energy production process from the plant," said Mr Narayanasamy while alking about the furore surrounding the off-site emergency exercise carried out by the Kudankulam nuclear power project officials and the concerned district administration.

Responding to the ASSOCHAM chief’s concern on shortage of power the minister said, “India is facing an acute paucity of power to the extent of about 45,000 MW and thus, we are taking positive steps in this direction and we need to promote usage of nuclear power which is the second most significant option for power production as there is an uncertainty vis-à-vis availability of coal which is a major source of energy production in India’s context.”

Mr Narayanasamy also expressed as the need to open up foreign direct investment (FDI) in the nuclear energy sector for India to achieve the target of 63,000 MW of nuclear power production by 2032 of the total installed capacity of about 7,78,000 MW. On the first phase, he suggested FDI in this sector on country to country basis and in the second phase could consider for opening up for FDI.

“There is a need to promote use of nuclear power due to rising volatility in oil prices, dwindling of conventional energy resource and climatic concerns calling for reduction in carbon emissions world over,” observed the minister.

The nuclear power capacity in India is likely to cross 10,000 MW by 2017 on progressive completion of seven nuclear power reactors which are under various stages of construction,” said Mr Narayanasamy. “While, it is likely to reach 6,780 MW by the end of the current financial year from about 4,780 MW currently after the completion of Kudankulam project.”

The minister also said that we are close to using the vast thorium resources in nuclear reactors for power generation and the Kalpakkam power plant where 75 per cent of work is complete, would be India’s first nuclear power plant where we have utilized the thorium resources.

Talking about the need for a secured nuclear power generation, Mr Narayanasamy said, “There would be no compromise on the security at India’s nuclear power plants as we are following a clear principle of safety first and production thereafter while carrying out our activities.” “Besides, regulatory mechanism in India has been robust since the beginning and to accord statutory status to the regulatory authority, we have introduced a Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority (NSRA) bill in the parliament which is currently under the legislative process.”

More and more foreign nuclear reactor manufacturers and their countries were interested collaborating with India in setting up n-reactors. The Minister mentioned listed France, Russia, South Korea apart from the US among those who were keen in expanding their co-operation with India in this area.. Many countries were expanding their nuclear power generation capacity; China was building 32 reactors. As for Germany’s decision to stop nuclear power generation, the Minister pointed out that that country was itself getting nuclear power generated in France. Terming the nuclear power generation as a “growing industry”, Shri Nayanasamy saw great prospects for Indian industry to come up and even export equipment in this area.
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Old June 15th, 2012, 06:53 PM   #1646
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Govt plans to roll out 3,000-MW solar power projects
The Government of India is working on a plan to roll out 3,000 MW of grid connected solar power projects in phase 2 of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.

“The Government also has plans to set up four solar thermal power projects through the Solar Energy Corporation of India,” Mr Tarun Kapoor, Joint Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), said in a statement.

He said that the Government will also work on 6,000 MW projects through solar-specific renewable purchase obligation (RPO) scheme, and added that the renewable energy certificate (REC) scheme is expected to “catch on from next year”.

Power shortage

“With India’s electricity shortage estimated to be 25-35 GW, the Ministry’s emphasis will be equally on the grid connected as well as the off grid applications,” Mr Kapoor said.

“It is important to have an effective and robust rooftop policy with enough incentives to boost rooftop solar energy implementation in India, similar to Germany,” he added.

Mr Kapoor was speaking at ‘Destination India: Investment Opportunities for Solar Energy’ organised by FICCI during Intersolar Europe 2012 conference in Germany on Tuesday.
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Old June 15th, 2012, 06:55 PM   #1647
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Westinghouse signs MoU for building N- plants in India
Washington: US firm Westinghouse Electric and the NPCIL today signed a preliminary pact for an Early Works Agreement (EWA) for installation of the first 1,000 MW American nuclear reactors in India under the historic 2008 Indo-US civil nuclear deal.

The announcement of the signing of the MoU, which represents a significant milestone towards the realisation of the Indo-US nuclear deal, coincided with the third Indo-US Strategic Dialogue headed by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and External Affairs Minister S M Krishna.

The MoU with the Nuclear Power Company of India Limited (NPCIL) related to negotiating an EWA supporting future construction of 1,000 MW nuclear power reactors at the Mithivirdi site in Bhavnagar district in Gujarat. The EWA will include preliminary licensing and site development work.

"This(MoU) is a significant step towards fulfillment of our landmark civil nuclear cooperation agreement," Hillary said at a joint news conference with Krishna. Referring to the signing of the MoU, Clinton, however, said there is still lot of work to be done including understanding the implications of the civil nuclear liability law. US nuclear companies have voiced reservations at some provisions of the liability legislation.

Clinton said the MoU committed both sides to work towards the preliminary licensing and site development work needed to begin construction of new reactors in Gujarat.

"This agreement is an important step which will allow Westinghouse and NPCIL to continue the work necessary for keeping the Mithivirdi project moving forward," said Gary Urquhart, vice president and managing director of Westinghouse India.

NPCIL has already initiated pre-project activities in Mithivirdhi with ground breaking planned in the current year or early next year. The technical negotiations between Westinghouse and NPCIL got a major boost when the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission certified early this year the US firm's latest version of the AP-1000 reactor, the same reactor which the company has proposed to set up in Gujarat.

The Department of Atomic Energy had sought a specific safety approval from US nuclear regulators on the AP-1000 series after the Fukushima incident.

The AP-1000 nuclear power plant is licensed in both the US And China, and is recognized as the safest, most advanced Generation III+ design.
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Old June 15th, 2012, 06:58 PM   #1648
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BHEL commissions 250-mw unit at UP thermal power project

State-run BHEL today said it has commissioned a 250 MW unit at Harduaganj thermal power project in Uttar Pradesh.

"BHEL has commissioned a 250 MW unit at Harduaganj Thermal Power Station (TPS), in Uttar Pradesh. With this, six million units of electricity will be added to the grid of the power deficit state, every day," a company statement said.

Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd (UPRVUNL) had placed orders for setting up 2 units of 250 MW each at Harduaganj TPS, it said.

While the first unit in the contract was commissioned by BHEL in September, 2011, the project has now been completed with the commissioning of the second unit.

For UPRVUNL, BHEL is also presently executing contracts for another 250 MW unit at Parichha and two units of 500 MW each at Anpara TPS.

BHEL's scope of work in the Harduaganj contract envisaged manufacture, supply, erection, testing and commissioning of the main plant package along with associated auxiliaries and civil works for the main plant package for this power project.

The equipment for the project has been supplied by BHEL's Haridwar, Trichy, Ranipet, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Bhopal and Jhansi plants, while BHEL's Power Sector – Northern Region is undertaking erection and commissioning of the equipment.
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Old June 17th, 2012, 08:25 AM   #1649
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India close to sealing deal on Jaitapur plant

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/...-jaitapur.html

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The long-awaited Indo-French agreement to set up two 1,650 MW nuclear reactors at Jaitapur may be signed within the next few months, top sources in the government said.

To be inked between French energy major Areva and Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL), the commercial contract is still being negotiated between the two sides as India wants to further lower the cost. Asked about the future of Jaitapur project, which is stuck for close to two years, sources told Deccan Herald: “There are still some financial issues. We are trying to bring down the cost as far as possible. The agreement will be signed in the second half of this year.”

Nuclear cooperation between India and France is likely to figure in Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s bilateral discussion with newly elected French President Francois Hollande on the sidelines of G20 summit in Los Cabos, Mexico.

India wants Areva to set up six of its 1,650 MW EPR reactors at Jaitapur, making it the country’s largest nuclear park which will generate 9,900 MW of energy. The agreement being negotiated is for installing the first two of the six units.

The project was hit first by agitation on land acquisition and subsequently due to Fukushima nuclear disaster after which India wanted French Nuclear Safety Authority to have a re-look at the EPR design and suggest modifications if needed. Department of Atomic Energy received the review in January 2012, it was scrutinised by DAE and Atomic Energy Regulatory Board. Threads of commercial negotiations then were picked up again by both sides. Meanwhile, land acquisition in Jaitapur has been completed and a few ancillary constructions were carried out in the last one and half years. The wait now is to formal signing of the agreement and Cabinet approval.

In the wake of protests on land acquisition and setting up of nuclear plants in coastal areas, Maharashtra government took several administrative steps including framing a new rehabilitation package to calm down frayed nerves.

But, anti-nuclear activists in all probability may return to Jaitapur once the project starts as they claim establishing six nuclear plants would destroy the livelihood of fishermen and ruin coastal biodiversity.

Pact with France soon for Jaitapur nuclear plants: Official

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/...w/14187507.cms

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India hopes to seal by the end of the year a pact with France for multiple nuclear energy units at Jaitapur in Maharashtra to produce 9,900 MW of power, a top official said.

"Negotiations are on. They are progressing well. We hope to seal the deal in the second half of this year," the official said on Saturday, referring to the proposed pact involving six nuclear power units of 1,650 MW each.

"The financial closure is not over. So the cost is not known as yet. But I can say with surety we will bring it down. It will be as low as possible," the official added.

The technology for the power plants is proposed by French energy major Areva, which already has pacts with the Indian state-run Nuclear Power Corp of India and the private sector Larsen and Toubro.

The Jaitapur nuclear plant, when built, will be the largest power station in the world. A broad agreement for the plant was signed in December 2010 with Areva and the Nuclear Power Corp as principal executors.

Officials said similar nuclear power projects in Europe were expected to have entailed a cost of $2 billion for each unit of 1,500 MW. Units with similar technology are currently operational only in France and Finland.

While the recent dip in the value of the Indian rupee has added to the costs in rupee terms, officials were optimistic on still lowering it during negotiations.
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Old June 27th, 2012, 08:22 AM   #1650
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This software helps save energy

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Manish, Mysore, Jun 26, 2012, DHNS :
Prized patent

With several IT firms chanting ‘Go Green’ mantra, a software developed by city-based Vigyanlabs, helps tech companies save massively on power consumption.

A US Patent granted about two weeks back for ‘Fine-grain non-intrusive distributed information technology infrastructure power management system (patent number US 8201007)’ is an added feather in the cap for Vigyanlabs founder Srinivas Varadarajan. The patent was filed on January 6, 2010, and was granted on June 12, 2012.

Speaking to Deccan Herald, Varadarajan said the company has developed ‘IPMPlus’ incorporating the patent to help tech companies, for whom IT infrastructure comprising servers and desktops consume nearly 10 per cent of energy costs.

He said several IT companies use more than 1,000 systems at a time. Many a times, users leave without turning off the computers causing a loss to the firm. 

In other cases several equipment are idle as not many people use them, which also eats into the profits. In such cases, the app would give complete details on how many systems are in sleep mode, on or off state and inactive.

It also gives the peak power consumption and average power consumption on all the nodes in a network.

Users can enter the amount paid for each unit in the application and know how much power has been consumed or saved and also track the Carbon-di-oxide emissions saved.

Varadarajan said a recent study revealed that 10 to 15 per cent of systems are kept idle in an organisation. Monitoring detailed reports given out by the application would help companies know about power usage in terms of multiple buildings and departments in an organisation.

While initial focus was on improving energy efficiency among computers, Vigyanlabs is now focussing on improving energy efficiency of smartphones and tablets.

Citing an example, Varadarajan said many of smartphones have multiple components, which can be shut down individually.

Smartphone and tablet users can heave a sigh of relief, as Vardarajan said the patent can be used help keep smartphones charged for a longer duration.

Those interested to know more about saving power on computers may visit www.vigyanlabs.com.
Deccan Herald

Nuclear & Coal-Fired Electrical Plants Vulnerable to Climate Change‎
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Old June 29th, 2012, 07:03 PM   #1651
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NTPC awarded 6,370 MW orders in the last six months

KOLKATA: The largest Indian power generator, NTPC has awarded 6,370 mw of thermal power generation orders in the last six months and has put on track projects with total capacity of about 8,010 mw in the last 18 months.

According to the company, 9610 mw of capacity was added in the 11th Plan period thus surpassing its target of 9220 mw, 50% of which were added in the last 18 months of the Plan period.

It has also commissioned the first set of two 660 mw super critical units at Sipat. The higher efficiency of these units reduces carbon dioxide emissions by about 7.5%.

Nevertheless it has already added 2160 mw in the first quarter of the current fiscal and has added 6980 mw in the last 21 months, which is almost 20% of the total capacity added in the last 35 years.

The CAPEX target has been pegged at Rs 20,995 crore in 2012-13 against corresponding target of Rs 17,400 crore in 2011-12 and of Rs 219,613 crore in the 12th Plan against corresponding target of Rs 124,244 crore in 11th Plan.

At present about 14,000 mw is under construction and the company has already signed power purchase agreements of over 40,000 mw ensuring there are enough projects for sustained growth through 12th Plan and also the start of 13th Plan.
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Old June 29th, 2012, 07:07 PM   #1652
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India's Installed Generation Capacity Reaches 202 Gigawatts

Jun 28, 2012 (MARKETWIRE via COMTEX) -- Researched by Industrial Info Resources India (New Delhi, India) -- With the addition of about 3,000 megawatts (MW) of capacity during the first quarter of the current financial year, India's installed generation base has increased to 202,979.03 MW, exceeding the 200-gigawatt (GW) mark, following the U.S., China, Russia and Japan.
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Old July 2nd, 2012, 07:52 PM   #1653
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A long article on India's energy shortages from the front page of today's Wall Street Journal:

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB1000...s_MIDDLELSMini

Quote:
Grinding Energy Shortage Takes Toll on India's Growth

India is facing an energy crisis that is slowing economic growth in the world's largest democracy.

At stake is India's ability to bring electricity to 400 million rural residents—a third of the population—as well as keep the lights on at corporate office towers and provide enough fuel for 1.5 million new vehicles added to the roads each month.

Shortages of coal, oil and natural gas will require India to import increasing amounts of high-cost fossil fuels, say energy experts, risking inflation and putting the country in stepped-up competition with China, Japan and South Korea. Buying oil from Iran, one of India's biggest suppliers, is tougher because of U.S. and European sanctions aimed at curbing Tehran's nuclear ambitions.

With annual demand expected to more than double in the next two decades to the equivalent of six billion barrels of oil, the energy crunch threatens to knock India off its growth path. The national economy has already slowed amid paltry business investment and stalled reforms. It tallied just 5.3% growth in the quarter that ended March 31, the lowest level in almost a decade and well shy of the country's 9% goal.

Expensive imports have taken a toll on the nation's finances. Though global crude oil prices have eased in the past few months, India is seeing little benefit because its currency, the rupee, has been dropping against the dollar, the currency used to price oil.

State-run energy companies are racking up billions of dollars in losses by selling auto fuel, cooking gas and electricity at artificially low prices to protect consumers from global cost increases. In May, India's oil marketers raised gasoline prices 11.5%, the largest increase ever. The move was a sign of new urgency in the government to improve the fiscal health of the oil companies, though prices were cut 3% after a public backlash.

Economists say gasoline prices need to increase more, with the tougher task of deregulating the prices of diesel and cooking gas still ahead.

"The prime minister and a few wise men are beginning to realize that there's a very bleak outlook in terms of energy security, and that this is going to create the single largest constraint on the economy, one of alarming proportions," said Gokul Chaudhri, a partner at New Delhi-based consultancy BMR Advisors, whose clients include Indian and foreign energy firms.

Vast tracts of rural India lack electricity. Even in such business hubs as Delhi's suburb of Gurgaon, companies employ backup generators because of regular outages. Factories are forced to curtail production. And vaccines that require refrigeration go bad because of spotty service.

A shortage of coal, which accounts for more than half of the nation's energy supply, is crippling the power sector, forcing companies to delay the opening of multibillion-dollar projects. India in April announced an 80% jump in coal imports for the fiscal year ended in March, to $17.6 billion. But many plants still run below capacity for lack of coal.

After top power companies lobbied Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the government in April issued a presidential directive ordering Coal India Ltd., India's state-run monopoly, to increase production or imports. Officials also cut India's electricity generation target for the next five years by 25%, reflecting worries the coal shortage will continue.

The government had looked to natural gas. But a production shortfall at the nation's largest known gas field—operated by Reliance Industries —has India racing to increase gas imports.

India now imports three-quarters of its oil, and the price tag has been growing. The import bill was $141 billion in the past fiscal year, a 41% jump over a year earlier. As global oil prices have declined, India's crude oil import costs have decreased about 15% in dollar terms since January. But the rupee has depreciated 12% over that time, canceling out the gain.

New Delhi is the second-largest importer of Iranian oil behind China, but will increasingly have to look for alternative suppliers in light of U.S. and European sanctions. India has already reduced Iranian oil imports from 16% of total crude purchases in 2008 to about 10%. The government pledged to reduce purchases another 11% in the current fiscal year. Washington last month exempted India along with some other countries from new sanctions.

Domestic oil fields are maturing, production is barely increasing and companies complain regulations are stifling. Cairn India Ltd., 532792.BY +2.16% India's largest private oil producer, said in March it might scrap a $6 billion spending plan after the government proposed an 80% increase in taxes on its production.

"We are headed 100 miles an hour into a brick wall on energy security unless we do something radically different," Rahul Dhir, Cairn India's chief executive, said.

Plans to boost nuclear energy production faltered after the Indian Parliament passed a law that foreign equipment suppliers say would burden them with liability after accidents, rather than plant operators, which is the international standard. Environmental protests after the Fukushima disaster in Japan last year also have delayed the opening of new nuclear plants.

"Are we doing enough to produce our own energy?" Montek Singh Ahluwalia, deputy chairman of the government's Planning Commission, said. "The short answer is that we need to do more."

Energy imports will be costly for India's already shaky public finances, economists say, and the government will have to pass on higher costs to consumers and businesses. That won't be easy. Residents depend on government subsidies to lower prices for electricity, auto fuels and cooking gas.

Last month, Standard & Poor's cited India's yawning 5.8% budget deficit and inability to reform fuel subsidies as reasons it was considering downgrading the country's debt from investment-grade to junk status. Fitch, another ratings firm, later joined S&P in cutting its outlook on India's sovereign debt from "stable" to "negative."

"India has a very distorted system of subsidies," Jaipal Reddy, minister for petroleum and natural gas, said. "But how, in a vibrant democracy like in India, do you change the system suddenly?"

The country's energy crunch can be overcome, he said: "We'll have to pay for more, that's about all. It does not weaken the long-term growth story."

Coal shortages are largely a result of Coal India's inability to produce enough. The state-controlled firm said in April that production in the fiscal year that ended in March was 435.8 million tons—1% more than the previous year but 16% short of the target set by India's Planning Commission.

At the end of March, 32 power plants had coal stocks described as "critical" by the government—less than seven days worth—and two dozen plants were running at less than 60% capacity.

Coal India needs to accelerate exploration, step up mining operations, improve its rail delivery system and spend some of the $8.8 billion in cash on its books to upgrade equipment, according to a recent draft of a government audit. Coal India didn't respond to a request for comment.

In Jharli, a village 60 miles west of New Delhi, pharmacist Ram Singh Luhach said he routinely throws away tetanus and rabies vaccines that go bad in a refrigerator that only gets a few hours of electricity a day. Down the road, mustard seed farmer Satveer Singh has a water pump to irrigate his fields. But he only gets about two hours of electricity during the day and five or six at night.

Mr. Singh hooks his water pump up to a tractor that keeps it running for several more hours—with the cost of diesel fuel eating into his $120 monthly income. "If I get more electricity," he said, "I could double my production."

A few miles away, a 1,320-megawatt power plant built by Hong Kong-based CLP Holdings Ltd. 0002.HK +1.23% has sprung up, along with housing for 2,500 workers. The first of two 660-megawatt units was ready in January but has been mostly idle for six months because of a lack of coal. CLP said at best it would likely get 60% of what it was originally promised from Coal India and would either have to import coal or run the plant well below capacity.

Rajiv Mishra, CLP's managing director in India, said in recent months he would start his day by asking how many rail wagons of coal had arrived. The second power-generating unit is ready but the firm won't start operations without reliable supplies, according to CLP, which has invested $1.3 billion in the plant.

"In India we just don't solve a problem until it becomes a crisis," Mr. Mishra said. "We have done what was our responsibility, which is build one of the country's largest plants on time. But obviously full-scale operation depends on getting sufficient coal supplies."

At Coal India's mine 700 miles away in Jharkhand state, 15 men worked in a 400-foot-deep pit on a recent afternoon, digging coal with bulldozers and hauling it across dirt roads in dump trucks. The coal was loaded into rusted train wagons for its three-day journey to the CLP plant.

Workers, who wore scarves against the dusty air, said aging equipment slows their work. They also face security threats from leftist militants who want a share of the mining profits. The militants, part of a broader Maoist movement in India, issued 22 threats last year that forced the Jharkhand mine to shut down—usually for two days at a time, mine officials said.

The coal shortage is hobbling London-listed Vedanta Resources PLC, which is building a 2,400-megawatt power plant in the eastern state of Orissa. Coal India said it could deliver only half the supply promised in 2006, before construction started. "If we'd known this fact," said Abhijit Pati, the plant's chief operating officer, "we would never have invested in this."

After spending $2 billion on the 2,800-acre complex, company officials said they had no choice but to accept a reduced supply. The plant's three operating units are running at 65% of capacity.

The presidential directive in April requires that Coal India supply at least 80% of what it promised plants or face financial penalties. Coal India's only choice is to ramp up imports.

To expand production, the Indian government has allotted some coal mines to private firms. But of 194 private mining blocks issued through April of last year, only 28 were running. Many companies blame delays in obtaining environmental permits from the government. The government has said it is the companies that are dragging their feet getting mining operations set up.

Natural gas—which is used in public transportation, cooking fuel and the making of fertilizer—has its own troubles. India was banking on a $5.6 billion project in the Bay of Bengal off India's east coast. Reliance Industries discovered the gas in late 2002, an apparent energy bonanza.

Output was projected to reach 2.8 billion cubic feet per day in the fiscal year that began April 1. Instead, output is now about 1.05 billion cubic feet per day and could fall to 600 million units in the next two years, the company said.

India's efforts in April to strike a long-term gas supply deal with Qatar faltered over price, about $20 per million British thermal units, or more than triple the cost of Indian domestic gas.

Exploration for gas and oil discoveries isn't going well. Since 1998, the government has issued 87 exploration blocks to companies through competitive bidding. Only three blocks have gone into production.

Interest in India is waning among the global oil companies that dominate exploration: Eight of the 37 companies that bid in the last round of auctions were foreign companies, down from 21 in 2008.

Mr. Reddy, the oil and gas minister, said he was considering allowing firms to sell what they produce at higher prices to attract more investment. Companies complain that government price caps are too low.

Policy makers are resigned to costly imports for now. "In all probability the import dependence in primary energy is going to increase," said Mr. Ahluwalia of the Planning Commission. "The real issue is, 'Can we pay for that energy?' "

—Andrew Browne in Beijing and Arup Chanda in Jharkhand, India, contributed to this article.
Write to Amol Sharma at [email protected]

A version of this article appeared July 2, 2012, on page A1 in the U.S. edition of The Wall Street Journal, with the headline: India's Energy Shortage Erodes Growth.
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Old July 3rd, 2012, 05:09 PM   #1654
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"In India we just don't solve a problem until it becomes a crisis,"
-- Very much true for India.
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Old July 3rd, 2012, 06:52 PM   #1655
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crisis is in north india more because there is serious rainfall shortage and therefore reservoirs are getting empty.

Tehri dam reservoir is just 2% filled whereas bhakra 17% filled. If we do not get rains by next week there will be more than 15 hours cut due to high requirement by irrigation. Already many places in north india especiallly haryana is having 12-13 hours cut everyday even in big cities.
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Old July 9th, 2012, 09:42 PM   #1656
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Quote:
RIL starts gas supply to Bawana power project

After months of delay, Reliance Industries today began supplying natural gas to Pragati Power Corp's Bawana power project, easing power deficit in the national capital.

RIL this morning began supplying natural gas from its eastern offshore KG-D6 fields to the 750 MW Bawana power plant, sources in know of the development said.

Bawana is getting about 40-45% of the 0.836 million standard cubic meters per day of gas it had signed for, as KG-D6 production is half of the volumes RIL had contracted for.

The power plant needs 2.8 mmscmd of gas to generate 750 MW of electricity. It currently gets 1.564 mmscmd from state- owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC).

To meet the balance, the government had allocated 0.93 mmscmd of gas from RIL's KG-D6 fields for 2009-10 and 2010-11. But Pragati Power could not sign the Gas Sales and Purchase Agreement (GSPA) was the power plant was running behind schedule.

By the time the plant was ready, KG-D6 output had dropped by a massive 40%.

Delhi residents this summer faced long-hours of power cuts as demand soared to a record 5,300 MW this year from 5,028 MW last year. The national capital gets 2,400 MW of electricity from the Central pool and it generates about 1,000 MW of its own power.

Sources said as RIL was unable to meet the signed commitments to supply over 61 mmscmd of gas, it resisted signing new supply contracts.

Under intense pressure from Delhi government, it finally relented and signed a GSPA with Pragati Power.

KG-D6 fields had seen drop from 61.5 mmscmd in March, 2010, to just over 30 mmscmd now, forcing pro-rata cuts in supplying to customers.

Sources said when the KG-D6 gas production dropped, the government ordered a pro-rata cut in supplies to 25 power plants which had an original allocation of 28.90 mmscmd. 16 fertiliser plants, which were allocated 15.668 mmscmd of KG-D6 gas, did not face such a cut.

Pragati power is the 26th power plant to get supplies from KG-D6 and supplies to it would mean mean a further drop in supplies to power plants, sources added.

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Old July 9th, 2012, 09:43 PM   #1657
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250 mw plant at Parichha switched on
Power situation promised to look up on Friday, with UP Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited (UPRVUNL) announcing commercial operation of 250 mw unit-5 of Parichha extension thermal power plant.

Managing director, UPRVUNL, Dheeraj Sahu, said that with the addition of 250 mw, the total installed generation capacity of UPRVUNL plants has reached 4,433 mw. He said that another 250 mw will be added to the state kitty by next month, when the sixth unit of Parichha extension power plant will start commercial generation.
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Old July 10th, 2012, 08:47 PM   #1658
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Tamil Nadu soon will be power surplus state, says CM

Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalithaa on Sunday said that the state would resolve its power crisis soon as construction of three thermal power plants at Vallur (1,000MW), North Chennai (1,200MW) and Mettur (600MW) are on the verge of completion.

"With all these measures, Tamil Nadu is not far from the day of becoming a power surplus state," the chief minister said in a statement.

On the status of other power plants in the state, Jayalalithaa said that the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant would soon start power generation following her government's "efficient handling" of problems that came in the way of work at the plant.

Meanwhile, Union minister of state for Prime Minister's Office V Narayanasamy said all the preliminary works have been completed for power generation at Kudankulam. "The generation will be started in 15 days,"
he told reporters late on Saturday on his arrival at the Chennai airport. The People's Union for Civil Liberties, however, rejected an official claim that a three-stage offsite emergency exercise was successfully conducted last month at a village near the Kudankulam plant, saying it was "a lie".
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Old July 11th, 2012, 04:29 PM   #1659
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Work for Indo-Bhutan hydropower projects of 3500MW to begin within next one year

SILIGURI: Works for new hydropower projects of total 3500 MW capacity under Indo-Bhutan joint initiative will begin within next one year. While giving significant financial benefit to Bhutan, the projects are expected to brighten India's power profile to a great extent.

Undoubtedly the most important one in this list of projects is Sankosh. Though downsized recently by the Empowered Joint Group (EJG) of high government officials of Bhutan and India to a 2560 MW from its earlier planned capacity of 4050MW, this is still the single largest project in Bhutan.

According to Economic Affairs Minister of Bhutan Mr. K Wangchuk, pre-construction infrastructure works including building access bridges and roads are to start in August 2012 in both sides of the border by respective Government agencies. Construction of main work including the dam and power house is likely to begin in 2013.

Though initially planned to be a joint venture with its 51% owned by Indian PSUs and rest with Bhutan's Government owned hydropower agency Druk Green Power Corporation, the INR 110 Billion project has been remodeled to be established under a different inter Governmental model in which India will provide entire funding.

However, agreements pertaining many facets of the project including tax and duty exemptions, funding process, Indian PSUs participation etc are likely to get signed by end July.

Beside Sankosh, works for four other hydropower projects in the list - namely Kholongchhu(600MW), Chamkharchhu(770MW), Bunakha(180MW) and Wangchhu(570MW) are expected to start by this year.

Bhutan is committed to develop 10,000MW new power generation capacity dedicated for India by 2020. And, "India is also keen on utilizing Bhutan's untapped hydropower potential," said India's Union power Minister Mr. S K Shinde told ET earlier.

By so far harnessing only 5% of its viable hydropower potential, Bhutan earns Nu 10 billion (Eqv. to INR 10 Billion) per annum, that is 20% of its GDP, with it. These new projects will further brighten the picture. On the other side, this will significantly help Indian power sector that is facing annual shortage of around 73,000 million units.
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Old July 12th, 2012, 11:58 AM   #1660
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Originally Posted by SSCaddict View Post
crisis is in north india more because there is serious rainfall shortage and therefore reservoirs are getting empty.

Tehri dam reservoir is just 2% filled whereas bhakra 17% filled. If we do not get rains by next week there will be more than 15 hours cut due to high requirement by irrigation. Already many places in north india especiallly haryana is having 12-13 hours cut everyday even in big cities.
The Monsoon situation in most of Maharashtra and northern Karnataka is also pretty grim. If the monsoon doesn't pick up in the next two weeks I expect some serious repercussions. In Western Maharashtra, forget about water for agriculture, a crisis of drinking water is building up in most cities. The electricity situation however remains unchanged for the time being.
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