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Old February 20th, 2016, 09:46 AM   #41
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Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Photos


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Old February 20th, 2016, 09:48 AM   #42
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Way to Nelliampathy Hills
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Old February 20th, 2016, 09:49 AM   #43
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Old February 20th, 2016, 09:52 AM   #44
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Old February 20th, 2016, 09:55 AM   #45
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Parambikulam

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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:02 AM   #46
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:04 AM   #47
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:06 AM   #48
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:08 AM   #49
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Parambikulam Dam


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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:12 AM   #50
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parambikulam trekking

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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:13 AM   #51
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:14 AM   #52
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:16 AM   #53
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silent valley national park palakkad kerala

The Silent Valley National Park with an area of 90 sq km is located in the Northeastern corner of Palakkad district. It rises abruptly to the Nilgiri Plateau in the North and overlooks the plains of Mannarkkad in the South. The core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is the Silent Valley National Park. Despite its name, the Silent Valley (the clamour of Cicadas is conspicuously absent here) is a rich storehouse of biodiversity. It is a true Garden of Eden for students of life sciences, professional scientists and field biologists.


Entrance to Silent Valley National Park

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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:16 AM   #54
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:17 AM   #55
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:18 AM   #56
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Watch Tower @ Silent Valley National Park

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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:19 AM   #57
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:21 AM   #58
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:22 AM   #59
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he Silent Valley region is locally known as "Sairandhrivanam", which in Malayalam means Sairandhri's Forest. Sairandhri is Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharatha, who disguised herself as Sairandhri, the maid of a queen named Sudeshna, while her family was in exile.[4] The Pandavas, deprived of their kingdom, set out on a 13-year exile. They wandered south, into what is now Kerala, until one day they came upon a magical valley where rolling grasslands met wooded ravines, a deep green river bubbled its course through impenetrable forest, where at dawn and twilight the tiger and elephant would drink together at the water's edge, where all was harmonious and man unknown. Beside that river, in a cave on a hill slope, the Pandavas halted.Silent Valley is home to the largest population of lion-tailed macaques, an endangered species of primate. Public controversy over their habitat led to the establishment of Silent Valley National Park.

In 1973 the valley became the focus of "Save Silent Valley", India's fiercest environmental movement of the decade, when the Kerala State Electricity Board decided to implement the Silent Valley Hydro-Electric Project (SVHEP) centered on a dam across the Kunthipuzha River. The resulting reservoir would flood 8.3 km2 of virgin rainforest and threaten the lion-tailed macaque. In 1976 the Kerala State Electricity Board announced plans to begin dam construction and the issue was brought to public attention. Romulus Whitaker, founder of the Madras Snake Park and the Madras Crocodile Bank, was probably the first person to draw public attention to the small and remote area.[7]

In 1983 the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, decided to abandon the Project and on November 15 the Silent Valley forests were declared as a National Park. On September 7, 1985 the Silent Valley National Park was formally inaugurated and a memorial at Sairandhri to Indira Gandhi was unveiled by Sri. Rajiv Gandhi, her son and the next Prime Minister. On September 1, 1986 Silent Valley National Park was designated as the core area of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Since then, a long-term conservation effort has been undertaken to preserve the Silent Valley ecosystem.[6]

In 2001 a new hydro project was proposed and the "Man vs. Monkey debate" was revived. The proposed site of the dam (64.5 m high and 275 m long) is just 3.5 km downstream of the old dam site at Sairandhiri, 500 m outside the National Park boundary.[8] The Kerala Minister for Electricity called The Pathrakkadavu dam (PHEP) an "eco-friendly alternative" to the old Silent Valley project. The claim was that the submergence area of the PHEP would be a negligible .041 km2 compared to 8.30 km2 submergence of the 1970s (SVHEP).[9] From January to May 2003, a rapid Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was carried out. On November 15, Minister for Forest Binoy Viswam said that the proposed buffer zone for Silent Valley would be declared soon.[10]

On February 21, 2007 ex-Chief Minister A. K. Antony told reporters after a cabinet meeting that "when the Silent Valley proposal was dropped, the centre had promised to give clearance to the Pooyamkutty project. This promise, however, had not been honoured. The Kerala government has not taken any decision on reviving the Silent Valley Hydel Project".[11]

On April 18, 2007, Kerala Chief Minister V S Achuthanandan and his cabinet approved the Pathrakkadavu Hydro-electric project and sent it to the Union Government for environmental approval
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Old February 20th, 2016, 10:23 AM   #60
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