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Old February 5th, 2007, 06:39 AM   #1
adrimm
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BOGOTA | Metro

Since I didn't see one started I thought I'd begin a thread for Bogota's Transmilenio system. Transmilenio is Bogota's BRT system, serving one of the largest cities in Latin America (7.3 million people), and transports about 1 million people daily at 26 kmph, on routes that run 90 kms out of an anticipated future 350 kms.

This month the International Association of Public Transportatin will be holding it's bus conference in Bogota, highlighting Transmilenio.

http://www.uitp.com/home/index.cfm


Costs compared to an LRT:
The total capital cost of the 241 mile TransMilenio Masterplan, estimated at $3,320M (including vehicle and fare collection costs), is similar to the $3,041M projected capital cost of the 18 mile rail corridor proposed in Bogotá in 1997. Thus, selecting BRT offers Bogotá a city-wide rapid transit system for approximately the same cost as one rail corridor.

Last edited by dimlys1994; July 31st, 2016 at 10:09 AM.
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Old February 10th, 2007, 03:59 AM   #2
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A few photos to get it started.

image hosted on flickr


The transmilenio is a BRT ( Bus Rapid Transit) Another way to put it would be like a surface metro - stations and all- that uses articulated buses instead of trains, and isolated lanes instead of track.


The inside of each station is all fare-paid zone - you can see the turnstiles in the photo below, and buses on different routes each have a bay or platform. When a bus pulls up, *al*l doors open and people get on and off (like skytrain, subway, or metro). People transferring to another route just walk to the other bay/platform and get on that bus when it arrives without needing to pay again or cue for one door.

Here is a short 12 second pan of the inside of a station: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UA4IR7PvO6I

This system is far more cost-effective system than subsurface rail, and there are no dangerous rails on the surface (and no fences).

image hosted on flickr


This is the entrance to a transmilenio station. The station is in the centre of the road, parallel to and between lanes in each direction. The on-ramp forms a "T" with a crosswalk that crosses the road.

Being a bus system there are no dangerous electric tracks to cross, so no nasty fence, and people can cross the Transmilenio lanes at any crosswalk.

Note the sign across the road - look familiar - if you are Canadian it will? It's CityTV!

image hosted on flickr

Last edited by adrimm; January 29th, 2008 at 09:32 PM. Reason: adding video link
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Old February 10th, 2007, 10:22 AM   #3
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Do you have a map of the system?

Do you have images of stations where route interchange occurs?

Are the routes exclusive to the BRT or are there portions where other vehicles share the routes? What is the percentage of each?

Thanks.
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Old February 12th, 2007, 12:41 AM   #4
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Looks interesting.
What's the average distance between 2 stations?
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Old February 13th, 2007, 09:18 AM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by awangmamat View Post
Do you have a map of the system?

Do you have images of stations where route interchange occurs?

Are the routes exclusive to the BRT or are there portions where other vehicles share the routes? What is the percentage of each?

Thanks.
I can dig some up for you.. the stations are long and in the centre of major routes. They started on some of the major routes that have multiple lanes in each dirrecion, and so they just set one lane aside for the BRT:


In part of downtown the BRT has it's own mall similar to Granville mall in Vancouver (that's where my photos from my second post above were taken).

Here's another one of a station:



A map:


So far the system has 9 lines with 114 stations distributed as follows:

A- Troncal Caracas between Calle 76 and Tercer Milenio: 14 stations
B- Autonorte between Portal del Norte and Héroes: 15 stations
C- Suba between Portal de Suba and San Martín: 14 stations
D- Calle 80 between Portal de la 80 and Polo: 14 stations
E- NQS Central between La Castellana and Ricaurte: 11 stations
F- Américas between Portal de Las Américas and De La Sabana: 17 station (including Ricaurte station)
G- NQS Sur between Comuneros and Portal del Sur (TransMilenio): 12 stations
H- Caracas Sur between Hospital and Portal de Usme and Portal del Tunal: 16 stations
J- Eje Ambiental Museo del Oro and Las Aguas: 2 stations

For more information:

Someone has made a map of the routes on Google earth - you can probably measure distances between stations on it:

http://chato.vividores.net/images/bl...ioBogotaV2.kmz
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Old February 13th, 2007, 09:29 AM   #6
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The interior of a more common station. NB and SB traffic are served from the same station, and stations have several bays numbered A B C + direction.

http://travel.webshots.com/photo/116...36579673jCIJWQ
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Old February 13th, 2007, 10:36 AM   #7
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Thanks, the information is really helpful.
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Old February 13th, 2007, 12:34 PM   #8
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http://www.surumbo.com/sitios/rutafa...enio_mp001.gif

This is not the map of services. It seems that there are more services that cover more than one lettered route. The numbering scheme changed recently, and is better explained on the German or Spanish Wikipiedia.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmilenio
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmilenio
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmilenio
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Old February 16th, 2007, 05:45 AM   #9
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More on Transmilenio

Thank you Cocodrillo. Hopefully others that know the system will chime in too!

For the rest here is an excerpt from the Transportation Research Board report (http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=6340) :

I've taken the liberty of bolding sections that I found intertesting:

Quote:
Serving the city of Bogotá, Colombia, TransMilenio is one of the world’s premier Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems. Commencing service in December 2000, the system was carrying over one million passengers per day by early 2006 on a 40 mile network of high capacity trunk corridors, supported by feeder services that extend system coverage to peripheral areas of the city. Completion of the second phase of the project later in 2006 will add an additional ten miles of trunk corridor, and raise weekday ridership to a projected 1.4 million passengers. The city Masterplan consists of a 241 mile network of trunk corridors and supporting feeder routes that would carry an estimated 5 million passengers per day. TransMilenio is also the centerpiece of a long-term urban renewal and mobility strategy that prioritizes walking and cycling and discourages private vehicle use.
Although the characteristics of Bogotá, in terms of economy, socio-political climate and urban form, are very different to those of a typical North American city, TransMilenio does demonstrate several important BRT features that are applicable to the U.S transit context. In carrying as much as 41,000 passengers per hour per direction (pphpd), TransMilenio demonstrates that BRT systems are capable of accommodating passenger volumes normally associated with rail transit. These high volumes are made possible by a wide variety of system design features, including high capacity buses, exclusive runningways, level boarding, off-board fare payment, and high service frequencies that permit headways as low as 13 seconds on busy sections of the system. Even accounting for the lower passenger loadings demanded by U.S transit users, TransMilenio demonstrates that BRT systems are capable of carrying up to approximately 28,000 pphpd in a U.S transit context, and thus should not be ruled out of alternatives analyses in favor of LRT on the grounds of insufficient capacity.

TransMilenio also demonstrates the benefits that BRT can bring in terms of capital cost effectiveness. Phase I cost a total of US$240M ($9.4M per mile) while Phase II cost $545M ($21.3M per mile). Costs are kept low partially by transferring responsibility for vehicle and fare collection costs to the private sector. The total capital cost of the 241 mile TransMilenio Masterplan, estimated at $3,320M (including vehicle and fare collection costs), is similar to the $3,041M projected capital cost of the 18 mile rail corridor proposed in Bogotá in 1997. Thus, selecting BRT offers Bogotá a city-wide rapid transit system for approximately the same cost as one rail corridor.Other important lessons demonstrated by the TransMilenio are included in the report under the themes of “BRT and Urban Renewal”, “The TransMilenio Business Model”, “Politics”, and “Infrastructure Characteristics”. The report concludes by discussing the different issues associated
with replicating the “Bogotá Model” in the U.S.

Last edited by adrimm; February 16th, 2007 at 05:47 AM. Reason: formating
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Old March 22nd, 2007, 07:14 AM   #10
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Old January 27th, 2008, 05:23 PM   #11
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Thanks for the photos
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Old January 27th, 2008, 05:27 PM   #12
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Photos of the Transmilenio:








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Old January 27th, 2008, 05:29 PM   #13
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Old January 27th, 2008, 05:35 PM   #14
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Old January 27th, 2008, 05:37 PM   #15
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Photos of the Transmilenio::::::






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Old January 29th, 2008, 10:42 AM   #16
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your Transmilenio inspired our Transjakarta Busway system which is expanding rapidly right now...

i'd like to know how's the effect the Transmilenio has towards reducing traffic in Bogota? does it also cover the major areas of the city and is the system still expanding?
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Old January 29th, 2008, 09:16 PM   #17
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The inside of a Station.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UA4IR7PvO6I
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Old January 29th, 2008, 09:22 PM   #18
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Bogota's TransMilenio also figures prominently in the Institute for Transportaton & Development Policy's 800 page BRT planning guide.

http://www.itdp.org/index.php/micros...lanning_guide/

An insightful comparison of BRT systems around the world is also part of the guide:
http://www.itdp.org/documents/Annex1%202007%2009.pdf
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Old January 29th, 2008, 11:19 PM   #19
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I heard of a plan to bring a metro or some kind of rail transit to Bogota. Is this true?
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Old January 30th, 2008, 12:16 AM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by urbanfan89 View Post
I heard of a plan to bring a metro or some kind of rail transit to Bogota. Is this true?
Yes, they are considering a subterranean line metro/subway for Cra 7 that will integrate with TransMilenio. It is still at least a decade out so there are still calls for putting TM in to tide them over. Cra 7 narrows significantly in places, so that is a factor in why TM would be politically difficult to put in. (Many of the residents immediately east are car owners wouldn't stand to lose lanes - despite the fact a car in the city is already pretty useless.

The concern is/has been cost & capacity. Bogota has thousands of displaced people arriving monthly from unstable rural regions of Colombia.... the burden on the city is enormous, from education to basic services. Neccessity is the mother of invention, and without resources to quickly build over 100 kms of metro or LRT, Bogota managed to reinvent the Curitiba model in an attractive system with mass transit capacity (TransMilenio).

The only logical larger capacity system worth spending on is an extensive subterranean system, which will take decades to install.

In the meantime, the TransMilenio is model of BRT has proven equally successful in smaller cities which may not be able to afford subway/metro, as well as larger cities that are integrating it with existing subway/metros.
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