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Old December 25th, 2015, 08:15 AM   #1
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Sustainable living| Environment |Greener initiatives in Kolkata/WB

Articles on solar energy, tree plantation, pollution control and any green initiatives to be posted here.
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Old December 25th, 2015, 08:15 AM   #2
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Solar dome to create awareness about solar energy

In a bid to raise awareness about the importance of solar energy, a solar dome, first of its kind in the country, is set to come up on the outskirts of Kolkata.

The solar dome will not only serve to raise awareness about solar energy, it will also act as a museum displaying various usages of the unconventional energy as well as a tourist spot, West Bengal Power Minister Manish Gupta told PTI.

The entire dome will be covered by solar pannels which, in turn, will produce electricity to run the project and will also provide power to the nearby Eco-Park at Rajarhat.

It will house a planetarium, marine aquarium, gallery and a view point from which the visitors will have a panoramic view of Rajarhat-Newtown.

The project will be implemented by the state-owned West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL) in coordination with West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corportion.

According to Gupta, the project will cost around Rs 30 crore and will be completed by the end of next year.

"The outer part of the dome will be covered with solar module or panels. It will produce solar energy. It will meet not only its own needs, but also those of people living in the surrounding areas," Chairman of WBSEDCL Narayan Swaroop Nigam said.

"The first phase will be completed by next year and the next two phases will be completed after that. We are hopeful that it will be a huge attraction for the people living in and around Kolkata," Nigam said.
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Old December 25th, 2015, 08:17 AM   #3
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Arsenic alert in Gaighata

A joint preliminary study conducted by Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) and National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) into arsenic contamination of ground water in the Gaighata-Teghoria belt in North 24-Parganas has revealed startling facts.

Of the 15 samples collected, 13 had arsenic levels much higher than the acceptable limit. The arsenic con tent in six samples was 10 times higher than the acceptable limit. The report has been submitted to the National Green Tribunal (NGT), Eastern Zone Bench.

Arsenic contamination in the Gaighata-Teghoria belt was first reported by The Times of India on August 24, 2015, after which environment activist Subhas Datta moved a petition before the NGT. The bench directed CSIR and NEERI to conduct a study . In its report, CSIRNEERI has submitted that an extensive study is requi red to identify areas in West Bengal where groundwater is affected by arsenic beyond statutory limit. This can be done only if sufficient time and external funding is available.

One of the samples collected from a tubewell in Gaighata had an arsenic content of 118 ppb. Locals drink this water after purifying it through an RO+UV system.Tests revealed that the arsenic content in the water after purification was 29.6 ppb.The acceptable limit is 10 ppb.
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Old December 25th, 2015, 04:41 PM   #4
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Thanks Wonderbank or opening this new thread.

One suggestion though: We might as well name it sustainable living initiatives at Kolkata.

Also I think the first/easiest thing to implement which would be both "green" and payoff economically is to replace incandescent street lights to LED lights. It might require a one-time Cap-Ex but would payoff in terms of reduced Op-Ex over time, leading to a positive cash flow. Needless, to say it saves energy and subsequently govt.'s energy bill.

Besides, it's easier on the eyes and makes the area more luminous.
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Old December 26th, 2015, 06:40 AM   #5
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Kolkata signs pact with green network

The urban development department recently signed an MoU with C40, a network of the world's megacities committed to addressing climate change.
Deputy executive director of C40 Kevin Austin said they are aiming to work in several areas with KMDA, which include solid waste management, transportation and the energy sector. Austin, who is a transport expert, said they plan to improve the mass transport system in Kolkata.To counter air pollution, experts have also suggested using electric buses.
He added that a single bus can accommodate 60 people easily, but instead, if 20 to 30 cars ferry them, the road space diminishes greatly . Austin has held meetings with trans port secretary Alapan Bandopahyay in this regard.
"The main thrust is to have a clean and green environment. The aim is, therefore, to treat solid waste produced in the city and check pollutants," Austin added.
He also suggested replacing the sodium vapour lamps with LED lamps. Though he said that the initial cost might be high for the LED, but it will help save power in the long run. Metro railways has already installed LED lamps in all stations and will soon be replacing the lights inside the train compartments.
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Old December 26th, 2015, 06:40 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ArijitD View Post
Thanks Wonderbank or opening this new thread.

One suggestion though: We might as well name it sustainable living initiatives at Kolkata.

Also I think the first/easiest thing to implement which would be both "green" and payoff economically is to replace incandescent street lights to LED lights. It might require a one-time Cap-Ex but would payoff in terms of reduced Op-Ex over time, leading to a positive cash flow. Needless, to say it saves energy and subsequently govt.'s energy bill.

Besides, it's easier on the eyes and makes the area more luminous.
Well that process has already started and will eventually has to be followed to reduce carbon footprint.
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Old December 26th, 2015, 04:55 PM   #7
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50% visit docs with breathing trouble

One in two patients in the city visits doctors with respiratory distress, a recent survey has reported. Kolkata is one of the worst polluted cities in India and the survey is a scary wake-up call.
According to the study , over 50.03% patients in Bengal and 50.77% in Kolkata report to clinics with respiratory problems. The figures are marginally higher than the national average, says the Poseidon study , one of the biggest medical surveys conducted in India that addresses the morbidity profile by examining reasons for which patients visit a primary care physician.
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Old December 27th, 2015, 03:30 AM   #8
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24-hour pollution watch on Ganga

The water resources ministry task force on the Ganga has instructed Bengal and four other states, through which the river flows, to identify spots where water pollution will be measured roundthe-clock. Besides, Nabadwip has been selected to set up a hi-tech municipal waste cleaning project.

State officials said the move was to calculate the overall average level of pollution of the Ganga. "A few spots in Bengal will be identified from where the monitoring will be done by the state pollution control board. The reports will be submitted to the National Ganga River Basin Authority," said a state official.
Officials said the Union water resources ministry will work with the respective state urban development departments to set up the proposed sewerage treatment plant and sewerage network projects in the five Ganga-flowing states.The projects, to be built on the public-private-partnership (PPP) mode, would be taken up in 11 cities situated on the bank of the Ganga, Nabadwip in Bengal being one of them.

At a recent NGRBA meeting, it was shown that among the five states, Bengal topped the Clean Ganga mission. Data showed that Bengal, which also had the highest number of sanctioned projects, had completed 23 of the 30 plans being implemented in 24 towns, at Rs 1,352 crore. Uttarakhand came second, completing two of the 16 sanctioned projects at a sanctioned cost of Rs 251.21 crore.
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Old December 27th, 2015, 05:50 AM   #9
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Fish feed tech: Neat plan for New Town

Taking forward the smart-city initiative, Hidco is blending ecology with technology to convert the satellite townships into a zero-waste zones.
The Hidco officials are in talks with various fish feed producers in New Town who would collect kitchen waste from restaurants and hotels and to convert into fish feed. "Only collecting waste from one or two such commercial establishments would not help. We are working on a comprehensive plan that would cover all hotels," said Hidco AGM (fisheries) T K Giri.

The Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation is not too far behind. In neighbouring Salt Lake, the corporation is chalking up a similar kind of a plan. "We plan to convert all kinds of waste, like dry waste, kitchen waste and others into compost by putting it into a conversion machine. We would eventually do away with waste dumping grounds. This will also help to reduce fuel, transportation and manpower cost," said corporation's mayor-in-council member Debashis Jana, who supervi ses after solid waste management.
The plan also includes destroying all kinds of hazardous and medical waste by putting it into an incinerator. A 1-tonne machine would be able to cater to the waste generated by 4,000 households and one such machine could be put in place for each of the 41 wards of the corporation, Jana added.
At present, waste that is generated daily from both Salt Lake and New Town is being transported and dumped at Mollar Bheri hat is already overflowing with litters. Civic officials said that around 150 tonne of waste is generated daily rom Salt Lake while the amount is growing by the day in New Town.
Hidco is also planning o set up the country's first underground solid waste collection network -`Underground Vacuum Systems for Sustainable Was e Handling' -in New Town.
The idea is that while other systems, like water supply , waste water disposal and cable lines go through underground network systems, the same should be developed for disposal of solid waste as well. The underground network can be connected to the residential and commercial housing complexes so that there is no surface waste collection as the underground pipes will suck the waste from its source.
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Old December 29th, 2015, 06:13 AM   #10
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This is the damage that I anticipated.

Maidan bears rally brunt



A day after the CPM's Brigade rally, Metro found the Maidan littered with plastic cups, paper plates and tens of hundreds of orange peels.

The air was filled with the stench of leftovers and the area reeked of urine as 200 party volunteers and 100 labourers went about cleaning the ground on Monday.

The team, armed with brooms and garbage disposal bags, started work around 8am. By evening, they had managed to clear some of the garbage, but plenty was still left to be done and the ground lay riddled with gaping holes.

This is the only piece of greenery and open land left in our city. How can we be so cruel and destroy it like this? The holes can be filled with sand... what about the permanent damage such rallies do to the Maidan?"
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Old December 29th, 2015, 07:14 AM   #11
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useless red baboons doing what they do best...destroy
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Old December 29th, 2015, 08:43 AM   #12
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Its not related to red, green or blue... we are destroying our own future, our life cells and we can't blame the rural lot who were more excited to visit the city for free as they have never been sensitized or awareness made in terms of cleanliness. Even the politicians has a moral duty to inform their cadres to make sure that the grounds are not made dirty.
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Old December 29th, 2015, 02:26 PM   #13
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India gets its first solar-powered village in Bengal

It was celebration time for the people of Pandri, a village in the Purulia district of West Bengal, illuminated with lightening after years of hassle. The excitement doubled when the village was installed with first solar-powered electricity and also became the first in the country to evolve as a decentralized solar power village.
Like most of rural India, Pandri village, located at the foot of Ayodhya hills, always waited for its share of power supply. The installation has come as a boon to over 80 households, who were earlier heavily dependent on firewood.
"Kerosene is sold at Rs 40 per litre in the market. Now the money will be saved, thanks to the solar lamps. We are really grateful to the solar aid," said Kasinath Mahata, one of the villagers.

Delivered by the Art of Living, a non-profit organization in Bengal, under the Sri Sri Rural Development Program Trust (SSRDPT), the eco-friendly device has over 72 solar panels covering an area of approximately 2,000 square feet and drawing power from the 1.2 kilo watt solar power grid built in the region.
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Old December 29th, 2015, 04:47 PM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Wonderbank View Post
India gets its first solar-powered village in Bengal

It was celebration time for the people of Pandri, a village in the Purulia district of West Bengal, illuminated with lightening after years of hassle. The excitement doubled when the village was installed with first solar-powered electricity and also became the first in the country to evolve as a decentralized solar power village.
Like most of rural India, Pandri village, located at the foot of Ayodhya hills, always waited for its share of power supply. The installation has come as a boon to over 80 households, who were earlier heavily dependent on firewood.
"Kerosene is sold at Rs 40 per litre in the market. Now the money will be saved, thanks to the solar lamps. We are really grateful to the solar aid," said Kasinath Mahata, one of the villagers.

Delivered by the Art of Living, a non-profit organization in Bengal, under the Sri Sri Rural Development Program Trust (SSRDPT), the eco-friendly device has over 72 solar panels covering an area of approximately 2,000 square feet and drawing power from the 1.2 kilo watt solar power grid built in the region.
I don't understand why the state govt. doesn't utilise the services of Dr S P Gon Chowdhury the most respected and perhaps the most widely recognised(globally) professional on generating and utilising renewable energy for these matters.

he was previously heading some govt. committee, but has now stepped down....for god knows what reason !?
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Old December 30th, 2015, 07:55 AM   #15
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Fight against Pous Mela pollution

nvironment activist Subhas Datta has written to the vice-chancellor of Visva Bharati University , Santiniketan, and the West Bengal Pollution Control Board, drawing their attention to the huge amount of plastic waste generated at this year's Pous Mela, which also created immense pollution. The fair, which draws visitors from across the country and abroad, is organised by Visva Bharati, whose campus is supposed to be a plastic-free zone.
"The sprinkling system was insufficient and inappropriate, resulting in tremendous air pollution. The level of suspended particulate matter (SPM) appeared to be 10 times higher than the acceptable limit. Not only children and the elderly , but hundreds of vendors who set up stalls at the ground level were also affected. There was rampant use of plastic and thermocol on the mela ground. It is a matter of surprise that there was no check or control though the university campus and surroundings are supposed to be plastic-free zones. The mela ground seemed to be covered with a white sheet of plastic waste, with no measures for proper disposal being adopted," Datta wrote in his complaint.
Stating that open coal-burning fi res harmed the environment, Datta complained of the use of ovens operated by fossil-fuel on the fair ground. He also pointed out how certain generators, banned by the pollution board, was used, creating air and noise pollution. "The `pay-and-use' toilet facility outside was inadequate. Open food stalls were at low heights, and the food could easily be contaminated. Waste material, including plastic, was burnt nearby . Sufficient steps should be taken to arrest the environmental and related hazards at Pous Mela, which is culturally and historically important," Datta added.
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Old December 30th, 2015, 07:56 AM   #16
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West Bengal plans green drive to check grey march

The city's choking pollution level has nudged the Mamata Banerjee government into action, with government officials drawing up a proposal for a green drive. The state environment department has decided to set up a panel, which will draft measures for aforestation, plan surveys and suggest means to maintain the oxygen balance in the city .
The committee will comprise civic officials, botanists, technocrats attached to plantation job and environment officials. With an aim to improve the ratio of trees to citizens, or of tree per square kilometre in the urban area, the panel will conduct a study of the cityscape to ascertain the scope of planting saplings in parks, squares and along pavements. The study will be conducted, keeping in mind the contribution of trees towards climate change through carbon sequestration, which means storage of carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to either mitigate or defer global warming and avoid dangerous environmental changes.
An earlier survey by the Kolkata Municipal Corporation has revealed that Kolkata would need at least 35,000 saplings in 100 wards, but there were no records to show how much the various afforestation drives so far had yielded.

Welcoming the proposal for a planned move towards aforestation, an environment official sa id, "Instead of blindly planting saplings, a concrete plan on maintaining the oxygen balance is a more scientific approach and the most logical thing to do." Even environmentalist Subhas Dutta was pleased with the proposal, though he seemed to be a bit sceptical about its execution.
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Old January 1st, 2016, 06:19 AM   #17
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Environment 2016

• As the Assembly elections are likely to be held in April-May, there is little chance of the government taking any major decision on key issues, such as controlling vehicular pollution or filling up of water bodies.

• Noise pollution is bound to increase as the poll decibel reaches fever pitch.

• On the positive side, solar energy will gain in importance in the wake of the Paris climate summit, where India declared an ambitious solar programme. The Calcutta Municipal Corporation has already turned Deshapriya Park into a solar park. "In 2016, we plan to make at least 28 parks in the city solar," an official said.
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Old January 1st, 2016, 03:05 PM   #18
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IIT-Kgp aims to go 'energy positive' in five years

The Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur is aiming to go "energy-positive" (power surplus) in the next five years, its director said here on Friday.

With plans to launch small-scale projects and demonstrations for smart sustainable habitats in its 2,100-acre campus, IIT-Kgp is going full-throttle to achieve the energy-positive status.

Transitioning to energy-positive refers to a capacity to generate more electricity than consumption.

"We are planning in a big way to make our campus power surplus in the next five years. Except for power, we generate everything on our own, including water. We are targeting to become energy positive in the next five years," director Partha Pratim Chakrabarti told media persons here.

Chakrabarti was speaking at the international symposium on 'Livable habitat and sustainable infrastructure: a key to smart city growth'.

Chakrabarti said solar energy would be a key player in the energy positive goal.

Among the other ideas, solutions like developing cycle tracks, road signage, bio solar sensors, revamping water and sewerage system using IIT-Kgp's own technology are being thrashed out to demonstrate "smart sustainable concepts" which could be scaled up.
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Old January 2nd, 2016, 07:27 AM   #19
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Pollution watch to get better this year

As Delhi went into oddeven mode this New Year to check air pollution, Kolkata, too, took a significant step towards evaluating pollution levels better. From Friday , monitoring of air has been stepped up with the number of screening stations rising to 17 (from nine) across Kolkata, almost double the number the city had so far.

At nine, neighbouring Howrah now has thrice the number of stations while the state has 72 in all, a three-fold increase. But the number of PM2.5 samplers that are used to measure the finest polluting particles remains the same in the city .The four PM2.5 samplers are placed at the Victoria Memorial, Rabindra Bharati, Behala and Shyambazar monitoring stations. Howrah, however, has got one more.
Kolkata, which so far had just nine monitoring stations, will have a more regular and extensive data flow from a wider area. Air pollution levels will be updated every three days that will help to make the control system more effective and efficient, said experts.
"With more readings coming in from more corners of the city , the monitoring will be more comprehensive. It will give us a better idea of the polluting pockets and of new areas that might be generating pollution. This will let us formulate a more effective combat strategy ," said Kalyan Rudra, chairman, state pollution control board.
But without more PM2.5 samplers, the effort could fall flat, feared some. "The city now has just four which is inadequate. If we have to assess the real extent of pollution, we must have a more complete picture, which will emerge only with the PM2.5 figure. These are the particles that go directly into the human system and pose the biggest health hazard. But it is good that Howrah will have an extra PM2.5 sampler," said Sudipta Bhattacharya of Saviours and Friends of Environment (SAFE), a green NGO.
More stations and samplers we re required at highly polluted zones of the state, felt Biswajit Mukherjee, a green activist and a former law officer of the pollution control board. "Data is still sporadic in our state. Even in Kolkata, we have an extremely vague idea of the polluted zones and the extent of pollution. We need to assess vehicular emission and pollution generated by construction activities immediately. Other than the KMDA area, which includes areas in and around Kolkata, Siliguri is the only town that has some screening.But we need to closely monitor industrial zones in Haldia, Asansol and Durgapur. Vehicular emission is high in several towns across the state but nothing has yet been done to curb pollution," said Mukherjee. The Central Pollution Control rd (CPCB) has recommended Board (CPCB) has recommended more stations for Bengal, but the areas to be brought under surveillance are yet to be identified. "Last week, the CPCB praised us for bringing a major part of the state under screening. We have already brought the Durgapur-Asansol belt and Haldia under screening. We are in the process of identifying more areas. PM2.5 samplers, however, may not be installed everywhere since the central pollution control mandate is to restrict them to cities that have a population higher than a million," argued Rudra.
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Old January 6th, 2016, 05:53 AM   #20
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Solar domes to light up urban slums in Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai

The NB Institute for Rural Technology (NBIRT), headed by solar power expert S P Gon Chaudhuri, has been asked by the Centre to set up 500 solar domes for urban slums as well as rural areas in each of of Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi and Chennai with funds sanctioned by the science and technology ministry.
In Kolkata, the institute will set up solar domes to illuminate slums in Topsia and Tiljala.
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