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Old January 27th, 2010, 12:32 PM   #1
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Saudi Arabia food

Fatir (Flat Bread)

Authentic fatir is made with toasted barley flour, not widely available in the United States. Flour tortillas baked in a warm oven over a metal mixing bowl for 3 to 4 minutes will simulate the shape of fatir.

•1 loaf frozen white bread dough, thawed according to package directions
1.Turn the thawed bread dough out onto a floured surface.
2.Divide it into 6 pieces. Flatten each piece under the palm of your hand and dust lightly with white flour.
3.Roll out one piece at a time, keeping the rest covered with a damp dish towel, to make 6 flat breads about 10 inches in diameter. The bread will be very thin, so handle it carefully.
4.Spray the outside of a wok with cooking spray and set the wok, upside down, over a burner on the stove. Heat it over medium-high heat.
5.Wearing oven mitts, carefully lay the bread over the curved surface. (This will be awkward. If the mitts make it impossible to handle the dough, use two spatulas or wooden spoons to lift the dough and drop it onto the wok.)
6.Press down gently, using a wooden spoon, to make sure all parts of the bread touch the cooking surface.
7.Cook for 1½–2 minutes. Using tongs, carefully turn the bread over and cook the other side.
8.When the bread is fully cooked, remove it from the wok and wrap it in a kitchen towel to keep it warm.
9.Cook the remaining breads the same way.
Serves 6 to 10.

Hawayij (Spice Blend)
This spice blend keeps for a long time in a well-sealed container.

•2 Tablespoons black peppercorns
•1 Tablespoon caraway seed
•½ teaspoon cardamom seed
•1 teaspoon saffron threads
•1 teaspoon turmeric
Note: Ground spices may be substituted for the spices listed.

1.Combine the peppercorns, caraway seeds, and cardamom seeds in a dry skillet and toast over high heat for 2–3 minutes, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon.
2.Put the toasted seeds in a mortar or spice mill and pound or grind them to a powder. Alternatively, wrap in a clean dish towel, place the package on a hard surface (such as the garage floor or sidewalk) and pound with a hammer. All the spices should be pounded to a powder form.
3.Add the saffron threads and pound or grind again. Transfer the spices to a mixing bowl.
4.Add the turmeric and mix well.
Store in a glass or plastic container with a lid. (An empty spice jar works well.)

Haysa Al-Tumreya (Dip for Dates)
•¾ cup flour
•½ cup shortening or vegetable oil
•Dates, pitted
1.Combine the flour and shortening or oil in a saucepan.
2.Heat over low heat, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon, until the mixture is golden brown.
3.Remove from heat and pour onto a plate.
4.Serve while hot with a bowl of pitted dates.
Serves 6 to 8 as a snack.

Dates are used in many recipes throughout the Middle East and are enjoyed alone as a snack.
EPD Photos

The people of Saudi Arabia are very traditional and eat the same foods they have eaten for centuries. The average meal of the Bedouin nomads who remain in Saudi Arabia is much simpler than that of the urban Saudis who make up the majority of Saudi Arabia's population today. However, the basic ingredients are the same: fava beans, wheat, rice, yogurt, dates, and chicken are staple foods for all Saudis. Saudi Arabia has over 18 million date palms that produce 600 million pounds of dates each year.

Saudis rank as the highest consumers of broiler chickens in the world, eating an average of 88.2 pounds of chicken per person per year. Saudis are strict Muslims and, following Islamic law, do not eat pork or drink alcohol. Lamb is traditionally served to honored guests and at holiday feasts. According to Islamic law, animals must be butchered in a particular way and blessed before they can be eaten, so Saudi Arabia is the world's largest importer of live sheep.

Camel (or sheep or goat) milk has long been the staple of the Bedouin diet, and dairy products are still favorites with all Saudis. Yogurt is eaten alone, used in sauces, and made into a drink called a lassi. Flat breads— fatir, a flat bread cooked on a curved metal pan over a fire, and kimaje, similar to pita—are the other mainstay of the nomadic diet that are eaten by all Saudis. These breads are used at every meal, in place of a fork or spoon, to scoop up other foods.

Kapsa (Chicken and Rice)
•2 Tablespoons of olive oil
•1 small to medium onion, chopped
•3 teaspoons ground cardamom
•1 can (about 2 cups) chicken broth
•1½ cups water
•1 tomato, chopped
•1 6-ounce can of tomato paste
•2 teaspoons garlic powder
•1 teaspoon lemon rind
•1 cinnamon stick
•Salt to taste
•1 small snack box of raisins
•1 package of skinless, boneless chicken (4 breast halves
•1 package of skinless, boneless thighs (4 to 6 thighs)
•1½ cups white Basmati rice
1.Preheat oven to 300°F.
2.Wash chicken thoroughly and pat dry with paper towels.
3.Put chicken in a baking dish and bake in preheated oven until fully cooked (about 30 minutes).
4.While the chicken is baking, heat oil (medium-high) in a large pot. Add chopped onions and 1 teaspoon of cardamom, stirring constantly until browned.
5.Add chicken broth and 1½ cups water to pot. Add remaining 2 teaspoons of cardamom, tomato, tomato paste, garlic powder, lemon rind, cinnamon stick, salt, and raisins to the browned onions and water.
6.Cook on medium-high heat, stirring occasionally, for 2–3 minutes. Add the rice.
7.Bring to a boil then immediately turn the heat down to low. Cover the pot tightly and simmer for 15 minutes.
8.After 10 minutes, check the rice to see if it has absorbed all of the liquid.
9.If the rice is dry but not soft yet, add a little more water and continue to simmer. Do not stir the rice! The rice is done when all the liquid has been absorbed and the rice is soft.
10.When both the rice and the chicken are cooked, place the rice on a platter and put the chicken on top in the middle.

Read more: Food in Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabian Food, Saudi Arabian Cuisine - traditional, popular, dishes, recipe, diet, history, meals, staple, rice, people, favorite, make, customs, country, bread, vegetables, bread, drink, eating, different
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Old January 29th, 2010, 02:14 AM   #2
Join Date: Jul 2009
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post more pics.
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Old June 11th, 2010, 09:42 AM   #3
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Nice info about saudifood but from where I can get the pics of saudi food because pics makes the great taste then written.

Last edited by loganlambe1155; June 14th, 2010 at 08:38 AM.
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Old August 2nd, 2010, 12:15 AM   #4
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bread looks tasty
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