daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Infrastructure and Mobility Forums > Subways and Urban Transport

Subways and Urban Transport Metros, subways, light rail, trams, buses and other local transport systems



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old March 27th, 2014, 06:17 PM   #1261
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Today official from TfL:

Quote:
http://origin.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/m...tre/29889.aspx

DfT and TfL extend Crossrail route to Reading
27 March 2014

Crossrail will now run to Reading after the joint sponsors, the Department for Transport (DfT) and Transport for London (TfL), instructed Crossrail Limited to extend the route

The extension will see the east-west rail line serve two additional stations, Twyford and Reading, serving a total of 40 stations along the entire route, when the line fully opens in 2019.

Extending Crossrail to Reading opens up a wider network of destinations across, and beyond, central London and extends the benefits of a direct connection between London's main employment centres and reduced journey times to even more people.

The extension will also help to meet increases in passenger numbers by providing greater capacity than the previous plans.

There will be two trains an hour from Reading and passengers will be able to travel into, and beyond, central London without the need to change at Paddington.

It will also provide greater flexibility for future timetabling of services.

Rail Minister Stephen Hammond said:

'Crossrail reaching Reading is further proof of our commitment to deliver a transport network fit for the 21st century.

It will improve connectivity and deliver greater choice and convenience for passengers travelling into London.

It will also make better use of the already congested Great Western Main Line, freeing up capacity for further improvements including potential direct services from Reading to Heathrow as part of the Western Access Scheme.

In addition, I have requested Network Rail to look at the cost benefit analysis of increasing the number of faster trains between Reading and Paddington.'

The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, said:

'I am thrilled that the people of Reading and Twyford will be able to take advantage of Crossrail, putting them on the doorstep of London's main employment centres by directly linking them to the City and West End in world-class style.'

Mike Brown MVO, Managing Director London Underground and London Rail, said:

'Extending Crossrail to Reading will provide passengers with more journey options and will create better connections and direct services between Reading, Twyford and destinations across London without the need to interchange at Paddington.'

TfL and DfT have worked closely with Crossrail Limited and Network Rail to ensure the best use is made of the Great Western Mainline; extending Crossrail to Reading helps passenger and freight services to operate in a more effective way.

There will be no change to the planned Great Western services from Reading to London with twice hourly semi-fast services and fast mainline services continuing to operate and call at the same stations as today.

Crossrail will serve Maidenhead with four trains per hour.

Crossrail will be fully operational by the end of 2019.

The line will boost London's rail-based capacity by 10 per cent connecting Reading and Heathrow in the west and Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east.

It is connecting people and places, providing faster journey times and up to 24 trains per hour between Paddington and Whitechapel during the peak.

It is estimated that Crossrail will generate at least 75,000 business opportunities and support the equivalent of 55,000 full time jobs right around the UK.

Three out of five businesses currently winning work on the project are based outside London and over half are small and medium-size companies (SMEs).
That's a very good news that Crossrail will go to Reading. By the way, has anyone know any chances for Crossrail to take over serveces on Romford to Upmister Line?
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old March 27th, 2014, 06:23 PM   #1262
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Plus from Network Rail:

Quote:
http://www.networkrailmediacentre.co...pace-2033.aspx

First new platforms to open at London Bridge as Thameslink programme gathers pace
Wednesday 26 Mar 2014

The first phase of the dramatic rebuild of London Bridge railway station is set to finish on schedule next Monday (31 March) when the first two new platforms will be brought into use and the next two are closed for redevelopment.

London Bridge is one of Britain’s busiest stations, serving 54m passengers a year, and is getting busier. The current layout of the station and the tracks surrounding it mean that currently no more trains can run during the morning or evening peak periods.

The station is being redeveloped as part of the government-sponsored £6.5bn Thameslink Programme, which will transform north-south travel through London. The investment will remove bottlenecks to enable new, more spacious trains to run with Tube-like frequency every 2-3 minutes at peak times through central London by 2018, reducing pressure on the Underground. Better connections will offer passengers more travel options to new destinations while new track and modern trains will make journeys more reliable.

The overhaul of London Bridge - Britain’s biggest ever station redevelopment - will result in a bigger, brighter, station that is unrecognisable from today. When complete the station will be longer than the Shard is tall, with a new single concourse larger than the pitch at Wembley at street level to provide more space and easier connections to other rail services and the Underground. Improved links will join the two communities to the north and south of the station and help boost economic regeneration in the area.

The entire length of the new, longer platforms at London Bridge will be covered by strikingly-designed undulating canopies of steel and aluminium, allowing passengers to make full use of them during all weather conditions, making boarding trains more efficient. Stunning ‘eyebrow’ arches over north-facing glass will let light flood the platform and the new concourse being built directly below.

Dave Ward, Network Rail route managing director, said: “This huge investment in rebuilding London Bridge station will transform rail travel in London for millions of people across London and the south east. By 2018, London Bridge will be the most modern station in Britain with more space, better connections and great facilities.

“Keeping London Bridge open for passengers while we rebuild it is a critical and challenging part of the Thameslink Programme. Construction goes on as much as possible behind the scenes without impacting passengers but there will be times each year between now and 2018 where services into the station will need to change.

“Wherever possible, we will schedule work that requires changes to train services at quieter times, such as summer holidays and Christmas, to minimise disruption as much as possible.”

Chris Burchell, Southern’s managing director said: “The opening of the first two new platforms at London Bridge demonstrates real progress in the huge transformation programme for the station. They also offer passengers, who have been living with the reduced capacity at the station for some months now, an initial glimpse of the future benefits when the wider programme is complete. There is much more work still to do affecting Southern passengers at London Bridge in 2014 for which detailed information on travel options are being provided – particularly for the partial closure on 28 March as well as the longer closures between 23 and 31 August and 20 December and 4 January 2015. We are grateful to passengers for their support and patience over this period.”

David Statham, First Capital Connect managing director, said: “The Thameslink Programme and Network Rail’s rebuilding of London Bridge is going to give the Thameslink route its own dedicated platforms and a fabulous high frequency service.

“Inevitably this means service changes, with diversions for Thameslink trains around London Bridge in August and for a further three years from December. So we urge people to log on to ThameslinkProgramme.co.uk to find out what’s happening and to plan ahead.”

Rail Minister Stephen Hammond said: “Thameslink is vital if we are to deliver a transport network fit for the 21st century, providing more seats across the morning peak and better connections across the south east. The London Bridge redevelopment is at the heart of this project and I am pleased to see progress is being made with the opening of these two new platforms. Whilst there will be disruption, the benefits to passengers in the long term will be tremendous.”

2014 station and service changes are available on ThameslinkProgramme.co.uk affecting the folowing dates:
March 28-31; August 23-31 and December 30, 2014 in to January and onwards.

Alternative routes are available for all passengers during these periods but knock-on effects across London and the South East are expected.
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 27th, 2014, 07:32 PM   #1263
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Crossrail works inside Connaught Tunnel, courtesy of IanVisits blog:



































__________________

SAS 16 liked this post
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 27th, 2014, 07:57 PM   #1264
MK Tom
Moderator
 
MK Tom's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2009
Location: Milton Keynes
Posts: 950
Likes (Received): 324

So does Crossrail use the existing former Woolwich North line tunnel, then go straight from that into its own tunnel to go under the Thames to Woolwich Arsenal?
__________________
Join the Milton Keynes development thread here

Please check out my MKT Transport Media website and Youtube channel for my transport photography and videos.
MK Tom no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 27th, 2014, 08:35 PM   #1265
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Quote:
Originally Posted by MK Tom View Post
So does Crossrail use the existing former Woolwich North line tunnel, then go straight from that into its own tunnel to go under the Thames to Woolwich Arsenal?
The train will emerge from Connaught tunnel to surface, where Silvertown station was, and then enters into the new Thames tunnel
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 27th, 2014, 08:51 PM   #1266
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

New Crossrail map:

__________________

naimabep, 437.001, SteveAWOL liked this post
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 2nd, 2014, 07:09 PM   #1267
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Photos of recently reopened platforms 14 and 15 of London Bridge station, all photos are clickable and taken by Flickr user Recliner:















__________________
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 4th, 2014, 10:42 PM   #1268
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Today:

Quote:
http://www.crossrail.co.uk/news/arti...l-breakthrough

CROSSRAIL TUNNELLING MARATHON THREE QUARTERS COMPLETE FOLLOWING WHITECHAPEL BREAKTHROUGH
Friday 4th April 2014


  • Thousand tonne boring machine Victoria breaks through into Whitechapel station as train tunnels reach 75% complete mark
  • Over 19 miles (32 kilometres) of tunnelling completed and more than 2.5 million tonnes of earth removed
  • Crossrail is being delivered on time and on budget
Crossrail’s train tunnels are three quarters complete following the breakthrough of Victoria, one of the project’s huge boring machines, into Whitechapel station

The 150 metre long machine is named after Queen Victoria and began her journey at Limmo Peninsula in east London at the end of 2012. She broke into the huge underground space at Whitechapel where work is taking place 35 metres below the surface to create over a kilometre of new platform and passenger tunnels for the new Crossrail station.

During the second half of 2014, whilst tunnelling will continue, the project’s focus will begin to shift to the substantial job of fitting out the stations and tunnels.

The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, said: "With three quarters of tunnelling complete, we're tantalisingly close to finishing what is without doubt a monumental feat of engineering. It's quite remarkable what the Crossrail team has achieved so far and we now look forward to the next exciting stage of the project - the fitting out of the Crossrail stations of the future."

Rail Minister Stephen Hammond said: “Crossrail is set to transform rail travel across the South East when it opens in 2018, improving journeys for thousands of passengers and securing long-term economic benefits across the region and beyond. This is a major milestone in the Crossrail project, and I am delighted with the progress that is being made.”

Crossrail Chief Executive Andrew Wolstenholme said: “Our tunnelling marathon deep beneath the streets of the capital is continuing apace with the construction of the new rail tunnels now three quarters complete. Over the past two years, our huge machines have built more than 19 miles of tunnels and removed more than two million tonnes of earth.”

Three of Crossrail’s boring machines have already retired, with a further five still in use.
  • In the west, the tunnels between the Royal Oak Portal and Farringdon are complete.
  • In the east, Victoria and Elizabeth have reached Whitechapel; Ellie is heading towards Stepney Green and Jessica is being prepared to complete Crossrail’s shortest tunnel drive between Limmo Peninsula and Victoria Dock.
  • On the south east section of the route, Sophia has finished her drive and Mary is heading under the Thames.
When Crossrail opens in 2018, it will increase London's rail-based transport network capacity by 10 per cent and dramatically cut journey times across the city, bringing an extra 1.5 million people to within 45 minutes of central London.
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 7th, 2014, 10:23 PM   #1269
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Two videos for today - first from Crossrail about Whitechapel TBM breakthrough:



And second from Network Rail about London Bridge works:

dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 9th, 2014, 05:59 PM   #1270
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

From Crossrail:

Quote:
http://www.crossrail.co.uk/news/arti...etch-of-tunnel

TUNNELLING GIANT JESSICA TAKES A ROAD TRIP TO GET IN PLACE FOR THE LAST STRETCH OF TUNNEL
Wednesday 9th April 2014, by Steve Kennedy







Crossrail tunnelling giant Jessica has completed another epic journey through the heart of east London; but this time it was on the back of a lorry.

Just two months after completing her 2.7 kilometre tunnel drive from Pudding Mill Lane to one of Europe’s largest mined caverns at Stepney Green, Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) Jessica made a 5 kilometre journey to her next launch point at the project’s eastern tunnel’s Limmo Peninsula site at Canning Town.

To make the trip, Jessica was dismantled, lifted out in pieces by crane, loaded onto heavy load carrying flatbeds and transported from Stepney by road in a series of carefully managed operations taking place during a month long process.

On Sunday 6 April, Jessica’s iconic 7.1 metre diameter cutterhead and 65 tonne shield were driven through the streets – and through the Limehouse Link – before being unloaded at Limmo Peninsula to be re-assembled and put back to work constructing the final Crossrail tunnels between Limmo and Victoria Dock Portal.

Dragados Sisk Joint Venture, the contractor constructing Crossrail's eastern running tunnels, have spent several months working with the Metropolitan Police and local authorities to carefully plan the route through the heart of east London.
And video:

__________________

kyah117, CairnsTony liked this post
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 9th, 2014, 06:16 PM   #1271
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

From Railway Gazette:

Quote:
http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/p...verground.html

More EMUs for London Overground
09 Apr 2014

UK: Transport for London announced on April 9 that it would be inviting expressions of interest in a contract to supply electric multiple-units to operate routes that are to be transferred to its London Overground network in 2015. New rolling stock will also be required following electrification of London Overground’s diesel-worked Gospel Oak – Barking route.

TfL says that the base order will be for 39 four-car EMUs, 30 of which will be deployed on the routes from London Liverpool Street to Enfield Town, Cheshunt (via Seven Sisters) and Chingford. These routes are currently operated by Greater Anglia, but are due to transfer on May 31 2015 to TfL, which hopes to introduce the new fleet between mid-2017 and the end of 2018.

Also transferring to TfL will be the short Romford – Upminster route, for which one trainset will be required to operate a shuttle service. Following completion of electrification by Network Rail in 2017, Gospel Oak – Barking will be operated with a fleet of eight four-car EMUs.

‘We are inviting train manufacturers worldwide to do business with us’, said TfL Director of Rail Jonathan Fox. ‘Our customers have already seen huge improvements to the existing London Overground network and we will be bringing that same expertise and those high standards to a wider group of passengers and regular London commuters’.

‘Ordering new trains for the Gospel Oak - Barking line and West Anglia route together, as well as including a provision to order more trains should passenger demand warrant additional capacity, ensures that we get best value for money for taxpayers’, he added
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 11th, 2014, 03:46 PM   #1272
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Construction update on new Paddington Crossrail station:

dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 11th, 2014, 06:47 PM   #1273
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

From London Reconnections:

Quote:
http://www.londonreconnections.com/2...ns-overground/

Orange Blossoms: Romford – Upminster and New Trains for the Overground
10 April 2014, by John Bull

Back in September 2013, following on from the announcement that TfL would take over the West Anglia Franchise, we announced that TfL had also agreed to take on the Romford – Upminster Line as part of the negotiations. Yesterday, alongside details of a new rolling stock order for the Overground, this transfer was finally officially confirmed in a TfL press release.

Today Jonathan Fox, Director of TfL London Rail, was kind enough to provide further information about the takeover:

"During our negotiations with the Department for Transport concerning the devolution to TfL of rail services out of Liverpool Street to Chingford, Enfield Town and Cheshunt (via Southbury), we were asked to also take over the Romford to Upminster service and make it part of the very successful London Overground network.

"We have agreed to do this and are now working on how we might raise the standards of the service, which is currently operated with a single unit train, through the procurement of a new train."

Fox’s statement confirms that the line will indeed form an official part of the Overground network, rather than operating as a separate entity or as a quasi-feeder service for Crossrail as some had hypothesised. It also confirms that it will receive one of the new rolling stock units, the order of which was announced at the same time.

These trains will primarily serve West Anglia and the soon-to-be-electrified Gospel Oak to Barking Line (GOBLIN), and are expected to enter passenger service in 2017. From the description within the OJEU notice it appears that these will almost certainly resemble the existing 378s to be found on the network, internally at least, with walkthrough carriages and likely longitudinal seating. The total order is for 39 units, of which 30 are destined for West Anglia, 8 for the GOBLIN and 1 for Romford – Upminster.

As these units will not enter service until 2017 at the earliest, TfL will continue to operate the existing fleet to be found on West Anglia upon taking over the line on 31st March 2015 until the new trains arrive.

Overall, passengers on West Anglia can likely expect that this takeover will resemble that of the North London Line, as the press release hints at a similar approach to station revamp and refresh:

"In addition, TfL will ensure all 24 stations (there are 26 on the new routes including the Romford to Upminster line) for which it will take responsibility are upgraded with a deep clean, new signage, improved CCTV and passenger information systems."

Only 2 of the 25 stations on the line will remain outside of TfL’s control – Liverpool Street (Network Rail) and Cheshunt (Greater Anglia). Elsewhere Emerson Park, on Romford – Upminster, will transfer to TfL.
I'm happy about line's future. Plus the map from Wikipedia article, showing Overground services from 2015:

__________________

Sopomon liked this post
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 12th, 2014, 06:42 AM   #1274
Sopomon
Hideous and malformed
 
Sopomon's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2010
Posts: 870
Likes (Received): 153

What is the faint dotted line?
__________________
And he kicked so many rosebushes at her that eventually, Sasuke turned into a log.
Sopomon no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 12th, 2014, 07:56 AM   #1275
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Quote:
Originally Posted by Sopomon View Post
What is the faint dotted line?
These are services, which Overground also wanted, but was rejected by DfT. These routes are operated by Greater Anglia franchise
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 18th, 2014, 05:01 PM   #1276
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

From Watford Observer:

Quote:
http://www.watfordobserver.co.uk/news/11147126._/

Network Rail’s £81 million improvement project to begin next month
Monday 14th April 2014


Network Rail’s £81 million improvement project to begin next month

Network Rail’s £81 million project to replace 12 miles of track, signalling and overhead power lines in the Watford area is due to start next month.

Work will begin on Saturday, May 3, and continue through until Monday, May 5.

All day on May 3 and up until noon on May 4 there will be no London Overground rail services running.

There will be replacement bus services running between Watford Junction and Harrow and Wealdstone every 20 minutes.

Replacement bus services will also be running between Watford Junction and St Albans City all day.

Post-noon on May 4, additional coach services will be calling between Hemel Hempstead, Watford Junction and Euston approximately every 30 minutes.

On Monday, May 5, London Overground will be in operation all day, providing a rail service between London and Watford Junction.

A replacement bus service will run between Watford Junction and St Albans City until just after midday when a normal service will resume.

London Underground will be running services to Watford Metropolitan station as normal throughout this period.

The scheme is part of the train operator’s £120 million plan to improve service between Milton Keynes and London Euston.

More work is due to take place in August.
dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 22nd, 2014, 06:53 PM   #1277
dimlys1994
Moderator
 
dimlys1994's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Dniepropetrovsk
Posts: 16,342
Likes (Received): 26132

Canary Wharf Crossrail station construction, taken from IanVisits:









dimlys1994 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 22nd, 2014, 09:56 PM   #1278
Falubaz
Registered User
 
Falubaz's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2004
Location: Zielona Gora, Polska
Posts: 14,799
Likes (Received): 2940

Overground has several lines. Do they have some numbers/names. How do the ppl know where to go - which platform/train. Does one have to navigate through the system only by the terminus name?
__________________
Zielona Góra - Ziemia Lubuska

₪₪₪Zielona Góra moim okiem₪₪₪ Zielonogórskie autobusy₪₪₪Port Lotniczy ZIElona Góra₪₪₪ BRT₪₪₪ścieżki rowerowe w ZG
₪₪₪[Świat] „Przebłyski pamięci”₪₪₪Moja Ameryka - nie tylko Stany
Falubaz no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 22nd, 2014, 10:13 PM   #1279
Svartmetall
Ordo Ab Chao
 
Svartmetall's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: Past: Northampton, UK (19 years), Auckland NZ (7 years), Now: Stockholm, Sweden
Posts: 14,074
Likes (Received): 8810

Pretty much from what I saw. "This is the London Overground Service to: xxxxx".

On that subject, here we go - a few pictures from my last time I was in London at the end of 2013.

I came into Marylebone station from Oxfordshire (where my family lives).



Shepherd's Bush Overground Station



London Bridge Station (WOW this looks a lot better than it did).



London Overground at Camden Town

Svartmetall no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old April 22nd, 2014, 11:11 PM   #1280
Falubaz
Registered User
 
Falubaz's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2004
Location: Zielona Gora, Polska
Posts: 14,799
Likes (Received): 2940

How frequent are the trains then? It seems more like RER than a real metro.
__________________
Zielona Góra - Ziemia Lubuska

₪₪₪Zielona Góra moim okiem₪₪₪ Zielonogórskie autobusy₪₪₪Port Lotniczy ZIElona Góra₪₪₪ BRT₪₪₪ścieżki rowerowe w ZG
₪₪₪[Świat] „Przebłyski pamięci”₪₪₪Moja Ameryka - nie tylko Stany
Falubaz no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Tags
britain, london

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 09:26 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

tech management by Sysprosium