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Old June 25th, 2013, 08:26 AM   #1
CanadianDemon
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Conservation, Reintroduction and Rewilding Efforts Around the Globe.

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Growing Movement To Reintroduce Bears, Wolves Into Scotland

An Earth Day debate in Scotland has sparked conversation about reintroducing predatory animals into the Scottish landscape.

Monday's debate surrounded the pros and cons of bringing back bears, wolves and lynxes back to the highlands. Bears are through to have died out in Scotland in the prehistoric period, the BBC reports.

The idea of reintroducing bears to Scotland has reportedly gained momentum in part because of a novel written by Mandy Haggith about an activist who fights for bears to roam free in Scotland. Haggith took part in Monday's debate.

"It was great to see so many people from the community discussing how this land could be inhabited again by the full quotient of animals that are native to it," Haggith told the BBC.

"The debate showed that there is a real appetite for a new vision for the landscape, and enthusiasm for sharing it with other animals like bears, lynx and wolves."

While a portion of the public may be keen on reintroducing bears, wolves are not getting as warm of a response.
Outdoors survival expert Ray Mears warned that reintroducing wolves to Scotland might not be in the best public interest.

"If someone was saying we are releasing [wolves] because we think it will create an ecosystem that was more harmonious and because their absence was felt in the landscape then I would agree with it.

"If we we're releasing them because we want to see them, I don't think that is a good enough reason."

A plan to reintroduce wolves to Scotland in 2010 was dropped in the interest of the animal's welfare, the BBC reported.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_movement

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reintroduction

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rewildi...vation_biology)

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Old June 26th, 2013, 01:33 AM   #2
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Denmark has f***ed over itself over the years - we hubnted the animals to extinction, we chopped down the forest for ships and agriculture and we didn't learn until the damage were widespread nationally..

But eventually we did learn and in little over a century we have gone from only 3% forest to now ~12%..

And in the last decade we haev reintroduced wild boars, beavers and bison in selected places ( and some insects ) and as one of the best news in the last 12 months wolves have made it back by itself and DNA testing now confirms multiple roaming around..
Mooses swims over from Sweden quite regularily, but doesn't perminatly reside here and sadly they often end up getting run down by cars since we lack the large woods of Sweden..

There are those ( primarily scientists ) who wants bears and even wild elephant returned, but it is a very suburban nation and in a nation where you can virtually never get lost I doubt there's room for such without it causing problem just like the Moose do, so I'm sceptical..

But I am certainly very positive about the further spread of the species mentionend and hope to see more small critters either reintroduced or making it back on their own in the near future
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Old June 26th, 2013, 01:47 AM   #3
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Ecosystem related sciences are fascinating to me. One of the few, completely perfect and pristine ecosystems in the World is Yellowstone NP. That is thanks to the reintroduction of wolves.
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Old June 26th, 2013, 02:04 AM   #4
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edit: wrong thread
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Old June 26th, 2013, 10:40 PM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by FREKI View Post
There are those ( primarily scientists ) who wants bears and even wild elephant returned, but it is a very suburban nation and in a nation where you can virtually never get lost I doubt there's room for such without it causing problem just like the Moose do, so I'm sceptical.
elephant in Europe?

.. If there is a species that I want to see back in Malaysian rainforests, that would be the Javan rhinos. They were hunted down to extinction by the English "gentlemen" pre-independence. We still have the Sumatran rhinos though, but only a handful of them still surviving in Bornean jungle (the population in Peninsular Malaysia probably has completely vanished).
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Old June 26th, 2013, 10:52 PM   #6
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A short film about Bornean rhino conservation program in the Malaysian state of Sabah on Borneo island.

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Old June 27th, 2013, 08:56 PM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sepul View Post
elephant in Europe?

.. If there is a species that I want to see back in Malaysian rainforests, that would be the Javan rhinos. They were hunted down to extinction by the English "gentlemen" pre-independence. We still have the Sumatran rhinos though, but only a handful of them still surviving in Bornean jungle (the population in Peninsular Malaysia probably has completely vanished).
These I think: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephas_antiquus
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Old June 29th, 2013, 01:16 AM   #8
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elephant in Europe?
Yup - sounds a bit crazy I agree, but before man become all dominant animals such as elephants, rhinos, lions and leopards was a part of the ecosystem on the European plains and a profession from Århus University proposed a re-released of some of those animals in the future..

While we know from zoos that they can all survive the climate here in mild Denmark it's not animals I would like to see in the wild, but I would welcome them in special parks surrounded by fences, or on some of our many uninhabited islands.. though I'm perfectly fine with staying with animals that lived here post the last ice age



Speaking of animals - we also have Racoons and Racoon Dogs here - neither are native and sadly their are trying to irradicate the racoon dogs since they pray on bird's eggs and is considered an damaging invading species - but they sure look cute
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Old July 1st, 2013, 10:51 PM   #9
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I'm against the reintroduction of animals that pose a threat to human activities. If bears were reintroduced in Scotland or on a large scale in the Alps, we'd lose a prime area for trekking or hiking without preocupations, and going out at night in the Highlands would be as dangerous as doing so in the Rocky Mountains.

Predatory animals that are big enough to harm humans should be kept on controlled reservations only. Humans developed the ability (via technology) to reign and rule over all other big land creature, there is no reason we should refrain from establishing our control over the ecosystem to ensure our personal safety.
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Old July 2nd, 2013, 09:18 PM   #10
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Wild Asian Elephants morning walk (one of the two kinds of elephants that can be found in Malaysia). Video by MEME (The Management & Ecology of Malaysian Elephants).
For more details about the project visit www.meme-elephants.org

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Old July 19th, 2013, 01:14 PM   #11
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Development is very necessary for the country and it gives new look to the country and also improves infrastructure of the country.
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Old July 20th, 2013, 02:22 AM   #12
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Reintroduced extinct species (unless monitored and controlled) will go extinct again due to natural selection. Take the example of Hermit Warbler (bird specie in Western America) that faces extinction, not because of human intervention, but because the more aggressive Townsend's Warbler males interbreed with the Hermit females producing hets and driving out the Hermit males from producing pure homozygous Hermits. Over time, the hets are mated by more Townsends' and the Hermit will eventually cease to be. Now, you could reintroduce the Hermit, but then it will again face extinction in the same way.
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Old July 21st, 2013, 12:27 PM   #13
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Climate Shifts Sparked 17th-Century Conflicts

By ScienceNow
10.04.11






By Sara Reardon, ScienceNOW

As the Thirty Years’ War between Europe’s ruling dynasties dragged on during the 17th century, soldiers suffered through the coldest few decades Europe had experienced for some time. Far to the east, armies from Manchuria (present day northern China) swept down from the snowy north and breached the Great Wall of China. Not long after, a plague swept Europe. Why so much tumult? A controversial new study suggests that most of humankind’s maladies — from wars to epidemics to economic downturns — can be traced to climate fluctuations....


http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/20...te-change-war/
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Old June 5th, 2014, 06:11 AM   #14
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Not Out Of The Brink Yet

California Condor Conservation And Reintroduction Program

The California Condor is one of the largest birds in North America. Weighing as much as 10 kilograms and with a wingspan reaching up to 9.5 feet, this large bird once ranged across the continental US and Northern Mexico. Its numbers plummeted in the last century due to shooting, lead poisoning and reduced food source.





Nearing the point of extinction in the 1980’s with less than three dozen individuals surviving,
authorities knew that a drastic action has to be taken to save the bird. A captive breeding program was instituted.

In April 1987, the last wild California condor was captured to join those remaining
in captivity to comprise a total world population of 27 for the species.

The combined efforts of a handful of zoos, state and non-profit bodies in the captive breeding
and release program has resulted in the gradual increase in numbers of these birds.

As of April 2014 there are a total of 433 condors, 238 in the wild and 195 captive.


http://animals.nationalgeographic.co...fornia-condor/

http://www.dfg.ca.gov/wildlife/nongame/t_e_spp/condor/

http://www.ventanaws.org/
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Old June 6th, 2014, 04:27 AM   #15
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Tallest Bird in North America Reduced to as Little as 22 individuals

Tallest Bird in North America Once Reduced to as Few as 22 individuals

The Whooping Crane is the tallest bird in North America, reaching a height of 4 3/4 feet.
Their numbers were estimated to reach upwards of 15,000 in the beginning of the settlement
of the continent but declined rapidly in the 1800’s due to hunting and habitat loss.









In the early 1940’s their population reached as low as 20-22.

A captive breeding and management collaboration between government agencies of the US and Canada,
the private sector and volunteer organizations helped to save the bird from extinction.

Part of the conservation measures involve the use of an ultralight plane that acts as a surrogate mother to the birds.
This plane leads a cohort of juveniles in its first annual migration from Wisconsin south to its wintering grounds in Florida,
a distance of 1200 miles.




Total population of the species is 600-650 as of end-2013.

http://www.bringbackthecranes.org/

http://operationmigration.org/

http://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Wildlife...ing-Crane.aspx
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Old June 21st, 2014, 01:19 PM   #16
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Setback for African Elephant Conservation- Poaching Runs Rampant

The beloved tusker “Satao” is one of the fallen. You can see why the poachers were after him.



From the article:

More than 20,000 African elephants were slaughtered in 2013,
according to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) has documented the
killing of 97 elephants so far this year, but experts dispute the official figures.
Dr Paula Kahumbu, who leads the Hands Off Our Elephants campaign, wrote that – based on the reports she has seen –
“elephant poaching in Kenya is at least 10 times the official figures”.

In March this year, renowned conservationist Richard Leakey
described poaching in Kenya as a “national disaster”
and that poachers were operating with “outrageous impunity”.


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worl...-in-Kenya.html
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Old June 23rd, 2014, 12:29 PM   #17
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Captive-bred European bison sent to Romania for reintroduction to wild

Bison bred in UK and Irish zoos to be released in Vanatori Neamt Nature Park in Carpathian Mountains





http://www.theguardian.com/environme...ent-to-romania
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Old June 23rd, 2014, 12:30 PM   #18
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Quote:
Originally Posted by FREKI View Post
Yup - sounds a bit crazy I agree, but before man become all dominant animals such as elephants, rhinos, lions and leopards was a part of the ecosystem on the European plains and a profession from Århus University proposed a re-released of some of those animals in the future..

While we know from zoos that they can all survive the climate here in mild Denmark it's not animals I would like to see in the wild, but I would welcome them in special parks surrounded by fences, or on some of our many uninhabited islands.. though I'm perfectly fine with staying with animals that lived here post the last ice age



Speaking of animals - we also have Racoons and Racoon Dogs here - neither are native and sadly their are trying to irradicate the racoon dogs since they pray on bird's eggs and is considered an damaging invading species - but they sure look cute
Reintroducing Elephants and Rhinos to Europe Could be Good for Ecosystem

http://www.natureworldnews.com/artic...-ecosystem.htm
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Old June 23rd, 2014, 01:15 PM   #19
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But isn't the weather much colder in Europe than in Africa? I wonder how the elephants and rhinos can cope.
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Old June 23rd, 2014, 01:48 PM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by GodIsNotGreat View Post
But isn't the weather much colder in Europe than in Africa? I wonder how the elephants and rhinos can cope.
Selective breeding?
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