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Old April 1st, 2010, 11:36 PM   #21
timo9
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nice pics
What is the length of the lines ?
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Old April 2nd, 2010, 04:23 AM   #22
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Was the third rail in Line 1 taken down to make way for rigid catenary? Or is it still active on some parts of the line?
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Old April 2nd, 2010, 10:45 AM   #23
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Quote:
Originally Posted by manrush View Post
Was the third rail in Line 1 taken down to make way for rigid catenary? Or is it still active on some parts of the line?
Yes, it has been removed. FCMB (the metro operator) decided to install rigid catenary on all lines during the 1990s, basically to uniform the system and cut maintenance costs.

The history in short of the electric traction systems used in Barcelona

Line 1 third rail > rigid catenary
Line 2 rigid catenary
Line 3 catenary > third rail > rigid catenary
Line 4 third rail > rigid catenary
Line 5 catenary > rigid catenary
Line 6,7 and 8 catenary
Line 9 and 10 rigid catenary
line 11 rigid catenary
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Old April 2nd, 2010, 04:37 PM   #24
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Línea II

The history of this line which only opened in 1995 begin in the 1950s. After the spanish civil war, both Gran Metropolitano de Barcelona and Ferrocarril Metropolitano de Barcelona struggled financially. Neither of them became the succes they both had envisioned and during the years before the spanish civil war they only managed to capture a market share of about 10%, some 50 million yearly passengers. Funds ran short and for about 20 years there were no metro expansions in Barcelona, by the 1950s both became municipalized and the system could again begin to expand.

The construction of line II began in the summer of 1955 with the first segment, covering 3398 meters and 6 stations (Sagrera, Congres, Maragall, Virrey Amat, Villapicina and Horta)

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


After 4 years of construction, 2,9 km and 5 stations opened, the remaining station (Horta) only opened in 1967. From start the line was planned and built with a third rail but before the opening of the line they decided to use catenary instead as can be seen here on the inagural train ride.

image hosted on flickr


The third rail still remained in place even though it was never used

image hosted on flickr


In 1961 an ATO system was installed along the line, rather than todays computer controlled ATO systems it used photo cells to control the trains, it was in use until 1969. The system used two photo cells, one for acceleration and one for braking (deceleration). Depending on the placement of the steel plates the trains could be spaced according to the train interval.

image hosted on flickr


The metro system after line 2 opened

image hosted on flickr


Line 2 was originally supposed to reach the city center as can be seen on this metro plan from 1966, line 2 is the blue one. However, this plan later changed.

image hosted on flickr


In 1968 the expansion of the line towards the city center began, the construction of the 4,2 km tunnel was orginally forcasted to last 3 years, it would take 27 before any train would finally ride the tunnels.

So what happened? Well some major f*** up by basically every one involved ensured the complete fiasco. The city council decided to cut the budget for the construction so that they could shift funds to other metro lines under construction, at the time expansion of line 3 and the construction of line 5 were in full swing. The contracted construction company decided to use unproven technology that soon failed, 120 meters of tunnels had been excavated after 2 years. This despite the use of a TBM to speed up the construction. Poor planning ensured that they managed to run into every possible problem that existed. Tunnels were flooded, fires broke out, the TBM got stuck almost at the moment they pushed the start button.

Soon after construction began, neighbours witnessed how the streets started to sink into the ground, reports that trees lining the streets began to die surfaced and soon the problems became more evident as this photo show.

image hosted on flickr


So the construction draged on and by 1970 it was decided to connect the existing line 2 with the newly built line 5, this caused a problem that later forced the original plans to be changed, even though the connection between the two lines only was supposed to be a temporary solution.

The left graphic show the situation after the two lines were connected in 1970 and the right one the orginal plan.

image hosted on flickr


By 1973 after almost having finished the construction it was decided that works would be suspended, which they remained for 18 years.

Only in 1991 did they return to finish the tunnels, supposedly a fast and simple job since all stations and tunnels had been finished, well not so... It turned out that they had to rebuild every station because of the originally poor planning, even worse was the shape of the tunnels that in many cases were deemed outright dangerous and needed extensive reconstruction. The original opening date was pushed back several times until 1995 when after 27 years the line 2 finally opened.

The map in 1997, notice how line 2 and 5 have changed route north of Sagrada família in comparison with the 1966 plan.

image hosted on flickr
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Old April 2nd, 2010, 04:49 PM   #25
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Muy buen trabajo...... gracias gincan!!!! Estoy esperando nuevos posts con mucha impaciencia!!!
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Old April 3rd, 2010, 01:29 AM   #26
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gincan View Post
I´m no expert but i think it has to do with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, just as in the case of the Franco dictatorship when catalan was heavily surpressed. In any case I see now that I´ve mixed Spanish, Catalan and English totally random but I was in a hurry so had no time to check for errors. By request I can change it to whatever language.
As far as I'm concerned, Catalan is always welcome! El català és sempre benvingut!
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Old April 3rd, 2010, 09:47 PM   #27
gincan
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Quote:
Originally Posted by timo9 View Post
nice pics
What is the length of the lines ?
I don't know the exact length between endstations but I do have the full length of the tunnels for line 1 to 5, this include a few hundred meters of extra tunnel at each end of the lines. The length from endstation to endstation should be about -400 to -600 meters per line.

Line 1 20.720 meters
Line 2 12.431 meters
Line 3 18.484 meters
Line 4 17.300 meters
Line 5 16.557 meters

Shortes and longest station distance per line

Line 1

430.1 meters between stations Plaça de Sants and Hostafrancs

1168.8 meters between stations Bellvitge and Av. Carrilet

Line 2

486.5 meters between stations Encants and Clot

1166 meters between stations Sagrada Família and Encants

Line 3

472.1 meters between stations Fontana and Lesseps

1074 meters between stations Canyelles and Roquetes

Line 4

503.6 meters between stations Maresme | Fòrum and Selva de mar

1669.5 meters between stations Maragall and Llucmajor

Line 5

459.7 meters between stations Congrés and Maragall

912.8 meters between stations Hospital Clínic and Diagonal


Longest distance between intercharge stations


385 meters between Provença (L6 and L7) and Diagonal (L3)
320 meters between Plaça Catalunya L1 and L6/L7
310 meters between Passeig de Gràcia L2/L4 and L3
270 meters between Plaça Espanya L3 and L8
166 meters between Urquinaona L1 and L4
150 meters between Sants Estació L3 and L5
146 meters between Plaça de Sants L1 and L5
146 meters between Provença (L6 and L7) and Diagonal (L5)
134 meters between Diagonal L3 and L5
130 meters between Plaça Espanya L1 and L3
130 meters between Plaça Catalunya L3 and L6/L7
128 meters between Verdaguer L4 and L5
124 meters between Plaça Catalunya L1 and L3


Deepest stations

Singuerlín 61,53 meters (according to official documetation) (Newspapers report 57 meters and wikipedia 54,28 meters)

Església Major 56,32 meters (according to official documetation) (Newspapers report 63 meters and wikipedia 51,82 meters)

Roquetes 56 meters according to newspapers (official documetation only include the 49 meter acces/elevator shaft, but there is an additional escalator ride so 56 meters might be correct)

Ciutat Meridiana 50 meters according to newspapers (official documetation only include the 45 meter acces/elevator shaft)

Some other stations under construction

Sanllehy 86.6 meters according to newspapers

Teixonera-Coll 85 meters according to newspapers

Guinardó 70,5 meters according to newspapers

Last edited by gincan; April 3rd, 2010 at 10:50 PM.
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Old April 5th, 2010, 03:49 AM   #28
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gincan View Post
Ferrocarriles de Cataluña

The third company to open a metro line in Barcelona was Ferrocarriles de Cataluña, who in 1929 after having rebuilt its railway line as an underground line, launched a metro service, today named line 6. The history behind this line start in 1863 when the Barcelona-Sarria railway line is opened. Originally built with broad gauge and operated as an ordinary railwayline, in 1905 it was electrified and regauged to UIC standard.
That's not exactly true... just 1978 from Barcelona to Sarrià and Avinguda Tibidabo branch was operated by "Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona S.A". Ferrocarriles de Cataluña S.A. operate the suburban service from Barcelona to Sabadell and Terrassa and Vallvidrera Funicular, the line called today "Barcelona-Vallès" line and operated by FGC (Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya) starts at Sarrià and we build just with the same standards as the american "Interurban" railways. The owners of "Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona S.A" and "Ferrocarriles de Cataluña S.A" are the same, but "Ferrocarriles de Catalunya S.A" paid a toll/tax to "Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona S.A" instead using their tracks from Sarrià to Barcelona.

And a second precision: in 1976 was open the branch from Sarrià to Reina Elisenda, in this same time was open the new Sarrià underground station with four tracks (today's station), just this year the station was in surface. The workshops of the whole line was in this station, since 1995 was open a new workshop in Rubí, today only the one because Sarrià workshops was closed in 2005.
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Old April 5th, 2010, 12:25 PM   #29
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Quote:
Originally Posted by UT596001 View Post
That's not exactly true... just 1978 from Barcelona to Sarrià and Avinguda Tibidabo branch was operated by "Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona S.A". Ferrocarriles de Cataluña S.A. operate the suburban service from Barcelona to Sabadell and Terrassa and Vallvidrera Funicular, the line called today "Barcelona-Vallès" line and operated by FGC (Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya) starts at Sarrià and we build just with the same standards as the american "Interurban" railways. The owners of "Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona S.A" and "Ferrocarriles de Cataluña S.A" are the same, but "Ferrocarriles de Catalunya S.A" paid a toll/tax to "Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona S.A" instead using their tracks from Sarrià to Barcelona.

And a second precision: in 1976 was open the branch from Sarrià to Reina Elisenda, in this same time was open the new Sarrià underground station with four tracks (today's station), just this year the station was in surface. The workshops of the whole line was in this station, since 1995 was open a new workshop in Rubí, today only the one because Sarrià workshops was closed in 2005.
So there were two companies operating under the same ownership? Had no idea about that. Anyway, this particular line is still today operating mixed service between metro and suburban rail. In 1929 the city was much smaller so there was no need to put the rest of the railway in tunnel untill much later, still I'd say it was a proper metro service within the urban part of the city extending as an interurban railway between San Gevarsio and Sarria.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 02:58 AM   #30
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will be inagurated on 18 april and new stations in the
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Old April 9th, 2010, 06:24 PM   #31
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Awesome news! Can't wait for the pics.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 06:30 PM   #32
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damn! this is a pretty interesting thread!!!

Thanks for sharing!
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Old April 10th, 2010, 05:11 PM   #33
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Beautiful thread. Great work!

Seeing the old cafe Zurich in one of the pictures puts a tear in my eye.
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Old April 16th, 2010, 09:00 PM   #34
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The new line 9/10

This new metro line still under construction is the most ambitious yet in the history of Barcelona metro. Extending 48 km with four branches, the line will support both line 9 and line 10. It is also by far the most expensive metro built in Spain at a cost still only estimated, around 6500 million euros. Construction of the line is done by 5 tunnel boring machines simultaneously.

image hosted on flickr


Facts about the new line

47,8 km in length

52 stations (39 on line 9 and 33 on line 10. 20 are shared between both)

3 depots

30 of the stations are deep level stations (between 30 and 80 meters under ground)

12 meter is the diameter of the TBM:s used to digg the all the tunnels exept for the airport branch.

9,4 meter is the diameter of the TBM used to digg the airport branch.

33 km/h is the commercial speed


All the deep level stations use a uniform design, it consist of a round access shaft with a diameter of 26-32 meter which connect with the tunnel where the station is located.
image hosted on flickr


one of the access shafts under construction, this being the Torrassa station.
image hosted on flickr


The profile of a typical station
image hosted on flickr


With a 12 meter diameter the tunnel is big enough to hold also the station platforms located on separate levels
image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


The tunnel before being divided in two levels
image hosted on flickr



All the deep level stations (with a few exeptions) are built with high capacity high speed elevators. The two elevators in the foreground are for people with reduced mobility, they access the platforms directly whereas the other 6 stop between the two platforms.
image hosted on flickr


Access to the platforms at the bottom of the elevator shaft
image hosted on flickr


All the elevator shafts are built like an atrium with the stairwell and ventilation located behinde the elevators.
image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


video showing the singuerlin station


Because of the difficult geological condition of the soil the city sits on, the tunnel is mostly dugg at great depth, between 40 and 90 meters below street level on most of its central and northern part. Of its 52 stations, 15 will be located at a depth of 50 meters or more.

The 15 deepest stations on the line, the number indicate the depth of the access shaft which extend 2-3 meters below the station.

GUINARDÓ 80 meters
SANLLEHY 76
SARRIÀ 74
MANDRI 74
CAMP NOU 67
MARAGALL 65
SINGUERLÍN 61
ZONA UNIVERSITÀRIA 60
CAMPUS NORD 59
MANUEL GIRONA 58
ESGLÉSIA MAJOR 56
COLLBLANC 56
EL PUTXET 55
PRAT DE LA RIBA 55
ILDEFONS CERDÀ 51

Here is a map showing the new line with the present network including future expansions of other lines.
image hosted on flickr
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Last edited by gincan; April 18th, 2010 at 09:25 PM.
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Old April 16th, 2010, 09:35 PM   #35
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Line 10 (Badalona branch) will open next Sunday, with 4 stations: Bon Pastor (shared with L9), Llefià, La Salut and Gorg (transfer to L2).

The whole phase 1 will be in service in June, once both lines reach Sagrera (transfer to L1, L5 and, next year, Renfe suburban trains).
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Old April 18th, 2010, 09:52 PM   #36
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Quote:
Originally Posted by arctic_carlos View Post
Line 10 (Badalona branch) will open next Sunday, with 4 stations: Bon Pastor (shared with L9), Llefià, La Salut and Gorg (transfer to L2).

The whole phase 1 will be in service in June, once both lines reach Sagrera (transfer to L1, L5 and, next year, Renfe suburban trains).
First four stations of line 10 have now opened

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
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Old April 21st, 2010, 03:50 PM   #37
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Pics from the new line 10


La Salut station

image hosted on flickr


Bon Pastor station

image hosted on flickr


Gorg station

image hosted on flickr


Llefià station

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr
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Old April 24th, 2010, 04:54 PM   #38
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My project from Barcelona subway

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Old April 25th, 2010, 07:53 PM   #39
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This morning I visited the new metro line...

Quote:
Originally Posted by Sr.Horn View Post
Esta mañana "he estrenado" la L10 del Metro, en general las estaciones me han gustado mucho más que las del trampo de la L9, especialmente la de Bon Pastor, me parece una pasada. La luz de las estaciones es más blanca. Por contra, están mucho más sucias que cuando inauguraron el otro tramo. Hay mucho polvo y ello hace que el suelo parezca una pista de patinaje sobre hielo XD.

El acceso desde la L2 viniendo del centro es una caca.

Gorg






La Salut






Llefià














Bon Pastor













Hola


Y eso es todo.
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Old April 25th, 2010, 08:20 PM   #40
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Es muy limpio como japon Me gustan mucho tus fotos de la nueva linea del metro ! Un dia voy a visitar Barcelona y tomar el metro
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