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Old April 8th, 2010, 04:03 PM   #1
Cyrus
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The most diverse region in term of architecture

I think nowhere in the World has been settled by different peoples from all around the world more than islands and lands around the Persian Gulf, maybe the variety of religious buildings in this region can show it.

For example this is an ancient Greek temple in Failaka island in Kuwait: (Look at Ionic column capital but Persian column base!)



This one is a tomb-temple in Khark Island which was built by Palmyrenes or Nabataeans who lived in modern Syria and Jordan:



It is good to mention that Nabataeans were the same people who built Petra:



More info about tomb-temples in Khark Island:

http://www.chnpress.com/news/?section=2&id=6872 & http://www.iranchamber.com/geography/articles/kharg.php

Mysterious Ancient Temple of Xarbes in Qeshm Island:

http://www.allempires.com/Forum/foru....asp?TID=19725



This one is said to be an ancient Mithraic temple (Mithraeum) and its original name was probably Xorpas (Xor=Sun & Pas=Guard).



It is interesting to know that one of the oldest churches in Iran is also in the Khark Island and was probably built by Assyrians.

This is a Portuguese church in Hormuz Island:



And this one is an Armenian church in Abadan port:



And a strange Burmese mosque in Abadan port:



A documentary movie is being made about this mosque which is call Rangooni Mosque (Rangoon is Burmese name of Yangon, a former capital of Burma):





There is also a Hindu temple in Bandar Abbas port:





It can be good to mention a Persian mosque in Bandar Abbas port too:



Several different people still live in Bandar Abbas and other cities of this region, especially some people from Africa, look at this thread:

African Villages in Iran

Some relate Africans of Iran to the Thonga-Bantu cultures of southeastern Africa and it is said that these blacks were brought to the Persian Gulf by Portuguese slave traders as early as the sixteenth century, they are called Ahl-i Hava (Followers of the winds), they worship the Winds and drink the fresh blood because they believe that the drinking of fresh blood will bring down the Wind! However they are very poor people and may look uncivilized but native Iranians of southern Iran have been greatly influenced by African culture of these peoples, for example popular music of Bandari which is considered to be an Iranian or Arabic music, is in fact an African music. (a sample of Bandari Music)

ZAR SOUTH OF IRAN: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXO65RaqJ0A
This ceremony is performed in south of Iran and its root is found in Africa and it is used for treatment of people who attack by Jinn.
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Old April 8th, 2010, 04:10 PM   #2
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Melbourne acctualy has quite a lot of different building styles.
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Old April 8th, 2010, 06:51 PM   #3
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Lots of cities have diversity, most probably a European city between southern and northern europe. Found Brussels to be the most diverse city i have been to.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 02:13 AM   #4
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London - not only does it run the gamut of the past 2000 years - Roman, Romanesque, Gothic, Neo Gothick, Georgian, Tudor, Norman, Baroque, Neo-Classical, but the modern era aswell - nouveaux, moderne, art deco, post modern, post pomo - but on top of that it has foreign architecture in spades - from Hindu and Sikh temples, to Islamic mosques (over 300 of them from Turkish to Arabian to Bengali), Chinese pagodas, Italian Palladian, French Empire, Thai wats, Maori Meeting Houses, Russian and Greek and cathedrals, to faux Pharaonic/ Byzantine/ . It even has Fascist.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 03:05 AM   #5
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I'd say London too.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 03:40 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by the spliff fairy View Post
London - not only does it run the gamut of the past 2000 years - Roman, Romanesque, Gothic, Neo Gothick, Georgian, Tudor, Norman, Baroque, Neo-Classical, but the modern era aswell - nouveaux, moderne, art deco, post modern, post pomo - but on top of that it has foreign architecture in spades - from Hindu and Sikh temples, to Islamic mosques (over 300 of them from Turkish to Arabian to Bengali), Chinese pagodas, Italian Palladian, French Empire, Thai wats, Maori Meeting Houses, Russian and Greek and cathedrals, to faux Pharaonic/ Byzantine/ . It even has Fascist.
Spliff, I'm surprised you didn't go all out with this post by providing pictures for each type. Your post deserves some pictures.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 04:16 AM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by the spliff fairy View Post
London - not only does it run the gamut of the past 2000 years - Roman, Romanesque, Gothic, Neo Gothick, Georgian, Tudor, Norman, Baroque, Neo-Classical, but the modern era aswell - nouveaux, moderne, art deco, post modern, post pomo - but on top of that it has foreign architecture in spades - from Hindu and Sikh temples, to Islamic mosques (over 300 of them from Turkish to Arabian to Bengali), Chinese pagodas, Italian Palladian, French Empire, Thai wats, Maori Meeting Houses, Russian and Greek and cathedrals, to faux Pharaonic/ Byzantine/ . It even has Fascist.
How about Paris?
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Old April 9th, 2010, 10:44 AM   #8
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Of course different buildings could be built in a city by some immigrants from all around the world but I meant a region, not a city, in the regions around the Persian Gulf, you can find cities which have been built by different peoples, the reason can be that this region was conquered and ruled by Alexander and Greeks, Arabs, the Portuguese and Spaniards, Turks and Tatars, the Britons and Indians, Mongols and the Chinese, Romans (Trajan), the Dutch and several other nations.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 10:56 AM   #9
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Istanbul probably. A great clash of Islamic/European/Asian architecture.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 12:01 PM   #10
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I'd say London. Berlin and Brussels are very diverse too.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 12:07 PM   #11
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^

Quote:
Originally Posted by Cyrus View Post
Of course different buildings could be built in a city by some immigrants from all around the world but I meant a region, not a city
Cyrus, could you PLEASE explain to these people what is the difference between a region and a city more explicitly?

Last edited by ainttelling; April 9th, 2010 at 12:19 PM.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 01:27 PM   #12
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Iran is really diverse. London, Paris, Melbourne or Brussels....... lol Yeah, of course you can find several styles... like in the whole Europe!
In Italy, you can find byzantine buildings (Ravenna), greek (Magna Grecia), of course roman, the siculonormando style in Sicilia with moorish reminiscence, etc. That's diversity.

In Spain as it is between Africa and Europe, there is a lot of diverity too, and several particular styles you can only find in Spain.
For example the iberian culture, the prerroman civilization, has a lot of influence from Mesopotamia, the phoenicians and carthaginians (there were several carthaginian colonies in the south-east)



Or a possible ziggurat in the west of Spain, in Cancho Roano, by the enigmatic tartessos civilization.



Meanwhile in the north, the celtics.



Greek colonies in the east coast like Ampurias.



Roman architecture, like in most of Europe.



And with the end of the roman empire, the visigothics, the most romanized barbarian civilization, from the 6th century to 711 a.C.



And some byzantine colonies, like Gabia baptistery or Cartagena byzantine walls.



With the moorish invasion in 711, begins the most diverse age. In one side, the asturian kingdom (asturian pre-romanesque style, in the 8th and 9th century), like this palace.



At the other side, the moorish civilization that built huge monuments as the Cordoba mosque in the 9th and 10th century.





In the 10th century, in the north of Castile in re-conquered zones, the mozarabe style, christian buildings that assimilated andalusian art.



The mudejar style is a particular spanish style. Moorish art adopted to christian cities in 12th-16th century. For example, the Reales Alcázares of Sevilla.



Mudejar synagogues in Toledo.





In Aragón are famous the mudejar towers.



Plateresque is the own renaissance spanish style.



In baroque, churrigueresco is spanish rococó.



And modernism (spanish art nouveau), is very special in Catalunya with artists like Gaudí.



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Old April 9th, 2010, 01:33 PM   #13
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Spain (actually, Iberia)... no doubt.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 01:59 PM   #14
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Lazio province (Rome region). Everything from ancient to modern highrise.

Greater London region or Istanbul region are not bad either.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 06:01 PM   #15
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The most diverse region is ASIA. From the Roman ruins of West Asia (such as Turkey, Lebanon, Syria) and the Hindu temples in South Asia to the modern skyscrapers of East Asia (such as in Tokyo, Hong Kong, Shanghai) and everything in between.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 09:59 PM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ainttelling View Post
Cyrus, could you PLEASE explain to these people what is the difference between a region and a city more explicitly?
A city can be considered as a region too but I mostly meant diversity of architectural styles, some unique buildings in a city can't show this diversity, but maybe just one building can show different architectural styles, like Church of Saint Stephanos in the northwest of Iran (a mixture of Urartian, Parthian, Greek, Roman, Persian, and Assyrian styles):













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Old April 9th, 2010, 10:22 PM   #17
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Quote:
Originally Posted by heywindup View Post
The most diverse region is ASIA. From the Roman ruins of West Asia (such as Turkey, Lebanon, Syria) and the Hindu temples in South Asia to the modern skyscrapers of East Asia (such as in Tokyo, Hong Kong, Shanghai) and everything in between.


A "region" that in fact is the 30% of the total land in the world i think can't be considered as a region in this thread.
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Old April 9th, 2010, 10:46 PM   #18
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I think a building like the Palace of Darius the Great in Susa can be considered as an ancient international work in several different architectural styles, Darius the great himself in one of his inscriptions in Susa says about this palace which was built by different peoples of his empire:

...

The cedar timber, this was brought from Lebanon. The Assyrian people (from northern Iraq) brought it to Babylon (South Central Iraq); from Babylon the Carians (from southwest Turkey) and the Greeks brought it to Susa (southwest Iran). The yakâ-timber was brought from Gandara (Pakistan) and from Carmania (Southeast Iran).

The gold was brought from Lydia (western Turkey) and from Bactria (northern Afghanistan), which here was wrought. The precious stone lapis lazuli and carnelian which was wrought here, this was brought from Sogdia (Tajikistan and Kazakhstan). The precious stone turquoise, this was brought from Chorasmia (Uzbekistan), which was wrought here.

The silver and the ebony were brought from Egypt. The ornamentation with which the wall was adorned, that from Greece was brought. The ivory which was wrought here, was brought from Nubia (Sudan) and from India and from Arachosia (southeast Afghanistan).

The stone columns which were here wrought, a village named Abirâdu, in Elam (southwest Iran) - from there were brought. The stone-cutters who wrought the stone, those were Greeks and Lydians.

...
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Old April 9th, 2010, 11:50 PM   #19
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In Algeria there is different kind of Architecture....

Neolithique Architecture | Trou de Serrure | 10 000 B.C | TASSILI N’AJJER



Numidian Architecture | Medghassen | V century B.C | BATNA



Phoenician Architecture | Tipaza | V century B.C | TIPAZA

image hosted on flickr


Roman Architecture | Timgad | Ist century A.C | BATNA



Moorish Architecture | VI-XX century | ALGERIA

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr




image hosted on flickr




Persian Architecture style | Ennour mosque | MEDEA

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


Ottoman Architecture| XVII century A.C | ALGIERS

image hosted on flickr




Spanish Architecture | Santa Cruz | XVII century A.C | ORAN

image hosted on flickr


Christian médieval Architecture style | Monastery of Tibehirine | XIX century A.C l MEDEA

image hosted on flickr


Baroque Architecture | Opera | XIX century A.C | ORAN





Byzantine Architecture style | Basilica Our Lady of Africa | XIX century A.C | ALGIERS

image hosted on flickr


Neo-mauresque Architecture | Great Post | XIX century A.C | ALGIERS

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


French Architecture| City center | XIX century A.C | ALGIERS

[IMG]http://i41.************/34j83rr.jpg[/IMG]
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Old April 10th, 2010, 03:17 PM   #20
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Great pics from Algeria!

On the Zagros Mountains in western Iran, the distance between Ancient Greek Heracles to ancient Chinese Lung Dragons is just some kms:



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