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Old May 25th, 2010, 04:43 PM   #1
Arcovia
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Kyiv/Kiev: Churches and the surrounding area

Kyiv, capital of Ukraine, is famous for its numerous ancient churches. Here I would like to offer my photos of some of them along with pictures of the adjacent urban areas.
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Old May 25th, 2010, 04:50 PM   #2
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Let’s start with the main church of St. Michael’s monastery called ‘Golden-Domed’. The church was built in the beginning of the 12-th century and is supposed to be the first to have gilded cupolas (so usual in later times), which was reflected in the name. It was seriously damaged during the Mongol invasion in 1240, but before that the Church was of much importance to the city and several Kyivan princes were buried here. Revived in the 15-th century, it became the main cathedral of the Kyiv Orthodox metropolitanate and enjoyed the patronage of many Ukrainian hetmans, including Ivan Mazepa. In 1935 the Church was demolished to give place to a new Soviet Government square that wasn’t (fortunately!) realized. Reconstructed in the late 1990’s, it looks as it did in the 18-th century and represents the style of the Ukrainian Baroque of that period. Now it contains some of its original 12-th-century mosaics that luckily survived the hard times.

It isn’t the main church of Kyiv, neither is it the most ancient or the most beautiful one, but it bears the name of the saint patron of the city and is loved by its inhabitants.

***

Approaching the Church from the park lying behind it:





The rear elevation:





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Old May 25th, 2010, 05:08 PM   #3
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The authentic refectory church of St. John the Theologian (1713), its roof is wooden ‘tiled’ (the wooden tile, or ‘hont’ in Ukrainian, was widespread in the past, even in the cities as we can see here):





The front façade:

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Old May 25th, 2010, 05:10 PM   #4
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Old May 25th, 2010, 05:38 PM   #5
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The Church gave the name to the square, so the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs constructed in the 1930’s and supposed to be part of the new complex to take the place of the Monastery, now stands in St. Michael’s (Mykhailivska) square:



Monument to St. Olga, first Christian ruler of Kyivan Rus (10-th century), accompanied by St. Andrew (alleged to visit those parts and foresee the rise of Kyiv) and by the brothers Cyril and Methodius, who introduced the third European written language (9-th century), now known as Old Church Slavonic, and the special script for it, now known as Cyrillic:



Cyril and Methodius:



An example of the new architecture:



St. Michael’s church as seen from another square:



A general view of the Monastery:

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Last edited by Arcovia; May 31st, 2010 at 04:40 PM.
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Old May 25th, 2010, 06:29 PM   #6
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Really good, very nice shots of Kiev; its a great city
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Old May 30th, 2010, 05:30 PM   #7
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Thanks Christos!
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Old May 30th, 2010, 06:01 PM   #8
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Great photos! I LOVE the church!
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Old May 30th, 2010, 06:10 PM   #9
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Thank you, Chadoh! More photos will be a bit later.
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Old May 31st, 2010, 04:38 PM   #10
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Some more photos of St. Michael’s Church and the square.







The Church and the Square are on a hill of the high right bank of the Dnieper River, at its foot there is another square called Poshtova (Postal) with the small church of the Nativity of Christ. It goes back to the 16-th century, when the first building of the Church was constructed. After the Great Fire of the early 1800’s it was rebuilt in the classical style in 1808-14 and then, unfortunately, destroyed in 1935 as many other local churches. Now it has its early 19-th century look.



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Old May 31st, 2010, 05:03 PM   #11
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Postal square and the hill (the whight building on the top of it is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), the upper square can be easily reached with a funicular railway (its lower station can be seen in the second photo).





And this is what one can see from the top of the hill.

Rybalsky Ostriv, here the new business district (Kyiv City) is going to be built:



A new bridge (under construction):



And a remote residential area (Vygurivshchyna-Troyeshchyna) lying across the River (fotographed with the maximum zoom). The greenery refers to the Dnieper islands.

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Old June 2nd, 2010, 04:57 PM   #12
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The area lying at the foot of these hills is called Podil. Historically, this Lower Town outside the walls of the aristocratic Upper Town was populated by craftsmen and tradesmen that lived and worked here in small streets built up with small houses and churches. After the Great Fire occurred in the early 1800’s, it was rebuilt to a large extent, but quite a lot of old churches survived, although many new were built. So let’s take a short walk through Podil.

St. Catherine’s Church, also known as the Greek Church (specially for Christos ). It was built in the 18-th century in the style of Ukrainian Baroque for the Greek community of the city. The Great Fire destroyed it, so its modern look goes back to the early 1900’s.







Nearby there is the much more ancient Church of the Dormition of the Pyrohoshcha Virgin. It was constructed in the 1130’s, destroyed by Mongols in 1240, rebuilt many times later, now it has its original 12-th century look (behind it you can see some buildings of St. Flor’s convent).



Below you can see a typical example of the local 17-th century churches. This is the authentic Church of St. Michael ‘the Prytysk’.



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Old June 2nd, 2010, 05:04 PM   #13
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Let’s go now to the 18-th century. At first, the lower Ukrainian baroque Church of the Intercession constructed in 1766 (rebuilt partly after the Fire in 1811).





When standing by it, one can see the dome of another baroque church, the upper Church of St. Andrew (1747-53) which looks much more aristocratic.









And this is an example of a secondary 19-th century church.



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Last edited by Arcovia; June 4th, 2010 at 06:07 PM.
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Old June 2nd, 2010, 05:12 PM   #14
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The urban area around the churches includes buildings from various epochs, dating from the 17-th century like this one known as Peter’s House…





…and to more recent times:













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Old June 2nd, 2010, 05:31 PM   #15
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Very nice. The ornate architecture and bright colours really delight the eye. Thanks.
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Old June 7th, 2010, 02:55 PM   #16
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The bright colours are rather typical of that kind of architecture (if you mean the last photos) but a lot of people find them too bright. There is a new residential area (under construction) exactly in that part of the city that has provoked much debate on the Ukrainian forum. Maybe I should post it here too.









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Old June 7th, 2010, 02:59 PM   #17
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Old June 7th, 2010, 03:00 PM   #18
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Old June 7th, 2010, 03:02 PM   #19
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Old June 7th, 2010, 03:05 PM   #20
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