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Old September 23rd, 2010, 07:59 PM   #1
Cyrus
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Rock Cut Architecture

In Iran, there are numerous rock reliefs from thousands years ago, look at this thread: Ayapir, city of ancient rock reliefs (from 20th century B.C.), but as a building, the oldest one seems to be a Greek style tomb which is also known as the earliest Ionic building:

source: The Dancing Column: On Order in Architecture - Google Books Result

A remote and quite different "earliest" Ionic building, one with columns (or at any rate half-columns) that support brackets ending in scrolled-spiral capitals, is not strictly speaking a building, but a tomb cut into the rock at Da-u-Dukhtar, near Kurangun (about 50 km north of Kazerun), in southwest Persia.



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Old September 23rd, 2010, 08:09 PM   #2
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Probably inspired by this building, ancient Persian kings built the greatest rock cut tombs in the world, each one about 70m high!













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Old September 24th, 2010, 01:30 PM   #3
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The oldest rock cut temple in Iran is also attributed to Greeks, it is called Hercules Cave Temple, that is because a tablet written in Old Greek above the portal of a room in the third floor:


Therein resides Hercules and no evil can penetrate it.



















There is also an ancient statue of Hercules, not far from this cave:



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Old September 24th, 2010, 01:58 PM   #4
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Nice and interesting thread

I think in this collection the Abou Simbel temple counts aswell...

One of the most impressive Egyptian temple ever made
(picture not by me)
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Old September 24th, 2010, 02:30 PM   #5
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It is interesting to mention that just some kilometers northeast of that ancient Greek Cave Temple, there is also an ancient Chinese Cave Temple in Iran, that is the Temple of Lung Dragon:















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Old September 24th, 2010, 05:16 PM   #6
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The Treasury at Petra

[IMG]http://i53.************/sb0qc1.jpg[/IMG]
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Old September 24th, 2010, 05:23 PM   #7
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DANUBE CANYON (SERBIA - ROMANIA)

[IMG]http://i54.************/dcqv5k.jpg[/IMG]
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Old September 24th, 2010, 10:12 PM   #8
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Ajanta Caves, India

cc:bhaskar dutta


cc:gui stafford
image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


cc:arupdutta




cc:gui stafford
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Old October 1st, 2010, 11:20 PM   #9
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SAUDI ARABIA - madain saleh مدائن صالح - CITY OF SALEH

As narrated in the Qur'an, the Thamud people disobeyed their prophet and persisted in idol worship which earned them God's wrath; they were destroyed by earthquake and lightning blast. The Thamuds were followed by the Nabataeans who ruled the area from Al Ula (biblical Dedan) to Madain Saleh (Al Higra) around 150 B.C., when it was known as the Lihyanite Kingdom. The caravan trade of incense, myrrh, and spices from southern Arabia, which they controlled, gave them wealth that enabled them to build palaces and carve houses, temples and tombs on the rocks. Their northern brothers built the city of Petra.

~The tribe of this town were vanished as Dinosaurs vanished~


Madain Saleh is older then its northern sister Petra in Jordan yet Madain
Saleh went through more historical events since it was destroyed by one of
Gods miracle. I think they have to add this location as one of the Worlds wonders.




image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr






Historical view of the city



THE STORY OF THAMUD PROPHET SALEH
(peace be upon Him)



Saleh was born in the ninth generation from Nuh. He was appointed prophet
for the Thamud people who inhabited the moutanous territory between Hejaz
and Palestine. They built their homes by hewing the rocky faces of cliffs.



They lived long lives and worshiped gods made from stone. They refused to
listen to the wisdom of Saleh and challenged him to show them any sign to
prove that an invisible God existed.



They demanded a miracle at their annual festival. They told Saleh: "You pray
to your God and we will pray to ours. Let us see whose prayer is accepted,
yours or ours. That will decide the matter between us.



They came in drones from around the land and gathered around their
decorated stone gods and brought offerings for fulfilments of their prayers.
Clearly the stone gods were unable to respond to their prayers. They then
turned to Saleh and one of them asked him to pray to his God and to bring
out a pregnant camel from the large boulder that was lying on the ground,
and if this she-camel had an off-spring bom in front of their eyes, they would
accept Saleh's God as theirs as well.

Saleh prayed to The Almighty Allah and sure enough a pregnant she-camel
rose out of the large boulder and gave birth to a calf as they watched. They
were clearly struck with wonder on this miracle.



In accordance with Allah's Command, Saleh told the people that they must
share their drink with the camel. It was agreed that the people would use the
water from the village well on all days of the week except one day which was
reserved for the camel and her baby. But they were a disobedient people.


The camel milking

They refused the animals to drink or graze freely in the territory as agreed,
and forced Saleh to assume their full responsibility. Saleh told them
that the camel and her baby were there because they had asked for the
miracle, and they must take care of the animals. They threatened to kill the
two animals. He then reminded them of the benevolence of Allah that only
He could bestow over His creation without asking for it, namely water, rain,
fertility of the land where crops grow, the stone cliffs where they built their
homes, and the clean air that they breathed. They must refrain from their
threatened acts otherwise they would bring down a disaster over
themselves.



One day the people carried out their threat and slew both the mother and her
baby camel. This invited Allah's immediate wrath.



Allah instructed Saleh to leave the territory along with his family and a small
group of true believers before His wrath would strike that insolent people. No
sooner the pious group of believers had crossed over the last of the cliffs,
than a tremendous earth quake -shook the land with a blinding lightning and
an ear shattering thunder. The entire people in that territory perished along
with their false gods.



The stories mentioned in the Holy Quran in those versus:

Araf, Lut, Ibrahim, Hajar, Furqan, Nahl, Ankabooi, Ha-Meem Sajdah, Zariyat,
Qamar, al-Haqah, Fajar, Shams.













وَإِلَى ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحاً قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُم مِّنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرُهُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم بَيِّنَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ هَذِهِ نَاقَةُ اللَّهِ لَكُمْ آيَةً فَذَرُوهَا تَأْكُلْ فِي أَرْضِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوءٍ فَيَأْخُذَكُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ وَاذْكُرُوا إِذْ جَعَلَكُمْ خُلَفَاءَ مِنْ بَعْدِ عَادٍ وَبَوَّأَكُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ تَتَّخِذُونَ مِن سُهُولِهَا قُصُوراً وَتَنْحِتُونَ الجِبَالَ بُيُوتاً فَاذْكُرُوا آلاءَ اللَّهِ وَلاَ تَعْثَوْا فِي الأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ قَالَ المَلأُ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا مِن قَوْمِهِ لِلَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا لِمَنْ آمَنَ مِنْهُمْ أَتَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ صَالِحاً مُّرْسَلٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ قَالُوا إِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلَ بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ قَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا إِنَّا بِالَّذِي آمَنتُم بِهِ كَافِرُونَ فَعَقَرُوا النَّاقَةَ وَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ وَقَالُوا يَا صَالِحُ ائْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِن كُنتَ مِنَ المُرْسَلِينَ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ "
الأعراف 73-78
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Old October 2nd, 2010, 01:42 AM   #10
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a church in Ethiopia.


http://bejeus-blogspotcom.blogspot.com/



http://www.jonbainestours.co.uk/itin...php?tour_id=50
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Old October 2nd, 2010, 03:00 AM   #11
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Aztec temple at Malinalco




http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/malinalco.htm


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malinalco,_Mexico_State


http://www.ddbstock.com/results.php?qstring=aztec

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Old February 27th, 2011, 05:19 PM   #12
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Ancient Taq-e Bostan, Kermanshah













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