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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:14 PM   #1
Cotiso
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Focsani

Denumit în multe scrieri „Orașul de pe Milcov”, râul pe care voievodul Ștefan cel Mare a stabilit hotarul dintre Moldova și Țara Românească în anul 1482, localitatea a intrat în conștiința oamenilor drept „orașul Unirii”. Toponomia orașului Focșani se trage de la numele familiei Focșa, „moldoveni buni și drepți din vremea lui Ștefan cel Mare”.
Deși atestat documentar din secolul XVI (30 ianuarie 1575 când, Alexandru Vodă din Țara Românească arată, într-un document, că a fost lovit „cu înșelăciune pe la Focșani de Ioan Vodă”), așezarea de pe Milcov este mult mai veche. Săpăturile arheologice efectuate în anul 1977 în sudul Focșaniului atestă că vatra actuală a orașului a fost locuită încă din neolitic, obiectele descoperite aparținând culturii Cris (circa 5000 î.Hr.). Au mai fost descoperite un tezaur dacic din secolul III–II î.Hr., un tezaur de monede imperiale romane, alte mărturii ale culturii materiale care au aparținut carpilor și sarmaților din sec. II-III e.n.

As a town on the Moldavian-Wallachian border, Focşani developed into an important trade center halfway between the Russian Empire and the Balkans. A congress between Imperial Russian and Ottoman diplomats took place near the city in 1772. Nearby the town, the Ottomans suffered a severe defeat at the hands of the allied forces of the Habsburg Monarchy under Prince Frederick Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Imperial Russia under Alexander Suvorov in 1789 (see Battle of Focşani).
In the 1850s (after the Crimean War), Focşani grew in importance as the center of activities in favor of the union between Wallachia and Moldavia (the Danubian Principalities), leading to the double election of Alexander John Cuza in Iaşi and Bucharest. Following this, it housed a Central Commission regulating the common legislation of the two countries, as well as the High Court of Justice. Both institutions were disestablished in 1864, when the Romanian Principality was founded as a unified state. Focşani's role in the forming of the modern Romanian state is immortalized in the Union Square Obelisk.

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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:15 PM   #2
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:17 PM   #3
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:18 PM   #4
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:19 PM   #5
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:20 PM   #6
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:22 PM   #7
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:23 PM   #8
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:24 PM   #9
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:25 PM   #10
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:27 PM   #11
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:28 PM   #12
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:29 PM   #13
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:30 PM   #14
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:31 PM   #15
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:33 PM   #16
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:33 PM   #17
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:34 PM   #18
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:36 PM   #19
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Old September 26th, 2010, 08:46 PM   #20
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