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Old November 21st, 2010, 03:53 PM   #21
balthazar
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Some of the forts of the huge fortification system built on the hills sorrounding Genoa, Italy.
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forti_di_Genova

di Sidvics da Wikimedia Commons


Genova Forte Diamante di Bbruno da Wikimedia Commons


Genova Forte Richelieu di Sidvics da Wikimedia Commons


Genova Forte Tenaglia di Bbruno da Wikimedia Commons


Forte Santa Tecla di Sidvics da Wikimedia Commons


Genova Forte Puin di Bbruno da Wikimedia Commons
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Last edited by balthazar; December 21st, 2010 at 03:46 PM.
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Old February 15th, 2011, 09:08 PM   #22
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Romania - Alba Iulia, Alba Carolina fortress (built between 1714-1738), currently under renovation:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alba_Iulia


http://www.google.ro/url?sa=t&source...3kwTLg&cad=rja


http://www.panoramio.com/user/254533...to_id=29638840


http://www.panoramio.com/user/226889...to_id=45990516




http://www.apulum.ro/album2/thumbnails.php?album=9"]http://www.apulum.ro/album2/thumbnails.php?album=9[/URL]


http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=h...w=1024&bih=604


http://www.apulum.ro/album2/thumbnails.php?album=9


https://picasaweb.google.com/starchim01"]


http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=h...w=1024&bih=604






http://www.panoramio.com/user/172784...to_id=10211058








https://picasaweb.google.com/starchim01






http://www.panoramio.com/user/540556...to_id=46538192


http://www.google.ro/url?sa=t&source...QKXhsw&cad=rja


http://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/p...e/46538695.jpg

[IMG][/IMG]
http://www.apulum.ro/album2/thumbnails.php?album=9




http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/




http://www.panoramio.com/user/150605...to_id=41657974


http://www.panoramio.com/user/150605...to_id=41654309


http://www.flickr.com/photos/catalin...n/photostream/




http://www.panoramio.com/user/464602...to_id=41073912


http://noiigolanisibiu.wordpress.com...la-alba-iulia/

Last edited by 24days; February 16th, 2011 at 06:28 PM.
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Old February 16th, 2011, 04:55 AM   #23
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Looks very nice! When will the renovations be complete?
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Old February 16th, 2011, 06:15 PM   #24
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I'm not sure when the renovations be completed, nor google does, but i know there's much work to be done. I think this is how the west side should look once completed:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6pT8...yer_detailpage
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Old February 17th, 2011, 04:56 AM   #25
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Romania - the second Fortress of Timisoara built between 1723-1765 by the Austrian imperial army, which conquered the first fortress occupated by Turks




http://art-historia.blogspot.com/200...-historia.html

It had 9 bastions:
* Carol Bastion
* Francisc Bastion
* Theresia Bastion - the only one standing today (at least a part of it)
* Iosef Bastion
* Hamilton Bastion
* Castelul Bastion
* Mercy Bastion
* Eugeniu Bastion
* Elisabeth Bastion

... and 3 gates:
* Gate of Viena (or Aradului Gate, Mehalei Gate)
View from the interior of the fortress:


View from the exterior:


* Gate of Petrovaradin (or Belgradului Gate, Iosefină Gate)

http://www.google.ro/url?sa=t&source...doXJKg&cad=rja

* Gate of Transilvania ( or Ardeleană Gate, Lugojului Gate)
http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cetatea_Timi%C8%99oara

Maria Therezia Bastion, the "survivor", built between 1730-1735


http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=h...w=1024&bih=604


http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showth...1037361&page=2


http://www.flickr.com/photos/szafoto...n/photostream/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/manuela...n/photostream/


http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastionul_Maria_Therezia


http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=h...w=1024&bih=604

Some (crappy, if you ask me) renovations have been made:


http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=h...w=1024&bih=604






http://noidoisi-olume-ntreaga.blogsp...-partea-1.html


http://www.google.ro/url?sa=t&source...Fx9lEg&cad=rja


http://www.panoramio.com/user/309688...to_id=42729554


http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showth...037361&page=16

Last edited by 24days; February 17th, 2011 at 05:06 AM.
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Old February 18th, 2011, 12:46 AM   #26
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Very nice
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Old March 8th, 2011, 09:14 AM   #27
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nice post thanks for sharing
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Old March 9th, 2011, 12:20 AM   #28
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Great updates!
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Old March 23rd, 2011, 08:23 PM   #29
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Petrovaradin Fortress, Novi Sad, Serbia

Quote:
Petrovaradin Fortress is a fortress in Novi Sad, Serbia. It is located in the province of Vojvodina, on the right bank of the Danube river. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid on October 18, 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ. Petrovaradin Fortress has many underground tunnels as well (16 km of underground countermine system).

In 1991 Petrovaradin Fortress was added to Spatial Cultural-Historical Units of Great Importance list, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia.

Trivia: The minute and hour hand on the clock tower are reversed, with small hand showing minutes, and big hand showing hours. That was created like that in order that fisherman's from Danube river can see what time is it from long distance. "Reversed clock" is one of the landmarks of Petrovaradin fortress.

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Old March 23rd, 2011, 08:54 PM   #30
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Klemegdan, Belgrade, Serbia.

Quote:
Kalemegdan (Serbian Cyrillic: Калемегдан) is a fortress and a park in an urban area neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Stari Grad. Kalemegdan was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia.
Different parts of fortress are from different periods of history. Fortress was built by Romans, Serbs, Turks, Austrians...


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Old March 23rd, 2011, 11:42 PM   #31
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Smederevo fortress, Smederevo, Serbia

Quote:
Smederevo Fortress (Serbian Latin: Smederevska tvrđava, Cyrillic: Cмeдepeвcκa твpђaвa), in Smederevo, Serbia, was a medieval fortified city and temporary capital of Serbia. It was built by Despot Đurađ Branković in the first half of the 15th century, during the era of the Serbian Despotate.

In relation to the structure itself, the small town is notable for the audience hall, which is a strong representation of Serbian medieval architecture. High in the stone wall on the Danube side, four sets of double-arched windows are carved in a combination of Gothic and Romanesque styles. This is where a merchant contract between the Republic of Venice and the Serbian Despotate was signed

There is also a tower in the small town with a large brick inscription naming Đurađ Branković and stating the date of construction. It reads „V Hrista Boga blagoverni despot Gurg, gospodin Srblju i Pomorju zetskomu; zapovešću njegovom sazida se ovaj grad v leto 6938“ ("In Christ the Lord faithful despot Gurg, master of Serbs and the Littoral of Zeta. By His order this city was built in the year of 6938 [1430]")

Smederevo Fortress was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and is protected by the Republic of Serbia. In 2010, Smederevo Fortress was placed on the Tentative List for possible nomination as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The fortress is one of the biggest lowland medieval fortresses in Europe. Ts size is 11 hectares.

One part of the fortress is called small town, reserved for important persons during the atack...

Small town is in upper left part of the fortress on picture below.


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Small town


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Entrance to a Small town.


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Various pictures of the fortress.


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[IMG]http://i51.************/2gvubzb.jpg[/IMG]
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[IMG]http://i54.************/2954zdu.jpg[/IMG]
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Old March 29th, 2011, 05:02 AM   #32
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Fortresses are fascinating places. Takes one back to a long gone era.
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Old August 21st, 2011, 04:57 AM   #33
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Great thread! Europe is something incredible!
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Old August 22nd, 2011, 01:02 PM   #34
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Some examples from Poland :

Zamość Fortress (Unesco list)



Zamość Fortress (Polish: Twierdza Zamość) is a set of fortifications constructed together with the city of Zamość (southeastern Poland). It was built between 1579 and 1618, and the construction was initiated by Chancellor and Hetman Jan Zamoyski.

It was one of the biggest fortresses of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, built so solidly that it was able to resist the attacks of both the Cossacks and the Swedes during the Deluge. It was taken down in 1866, although fragments survive.

Altogether, the fortress went through six sieges, with the first one taking place in 1648, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. Eight years later it was surrounded by the Swedes, who came there again in 1703, then, in 1809, by the army of the Duchy of Warsaw, which captured it from the Austrians. The longest one was the siege of Zamość of 1813, when the Polish garrison for 8 months defended the fortress from the Russians. The last siege took place during the November Uprising, when Zamość was the last point of Polish defence which fell to the Russians. The fortress, which had in the meantime become obsolete, was closed down in 1866.

more about the history of the fortress :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamo%C5%9B%C4%87_Fortress

















Gdańsk - Wisłoujście fortress

It is a unique example of a relatively well-preserved port defense structure from the first half of the 17th century.



image hosted on flickr








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Old August 22nd, 2011, 06:42 PM   #35
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Elvas, Portugal











photos: André Garcez
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Old August 22nd, 2011, 11:18 PM   #36
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Cool!
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Old August 22nd, 2011, 11:28 PM   #37
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very interesting thread!
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present
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Old August 23rd, 2011, 12:02 AM   #38
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Castle in Erdut,Croatia

This castle is located on the hill above river Danube.It used to have 8 towers but they were destroyed by Ottomans.

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