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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:04 AM   #1
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Ilidza - Photo Thread

Ilidža is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has a metro population of 157,654, making it the 7th largest city in the country. Ilidža is the chief suburb of Sarajevo. It is famous for the natural beauty of its surroundings and historical tradition dating back to neolithic times. Sarajevo International Airport is located nearby, as is the famous Vrelo Bosne spring.

"One of the prettiest places on the Earth ", as E.B.Lanin wrote in The Contemporary Review in 1894 in London


Ilidža in Turkish (Ilıca) means "spring". Ilidža is known to have a pleasant and attractive geography. The city itself is built on fairly level ground, although it is surrounded by mountains. The biggest and most famous is mount Igman, whose 1,502 m (4,928 ft) peak towers above the city. On the mountain grows the Lillium Bosniacum, a branch of the Lily family of flowers that is a historical symbol of Bosnia. The area is rich in flint especially in the Butmir neighborhood. The Željeznica river, a tributary of the Bosna, passes through the center of the city. The Bosna itself passes through Ilidžas outskirts. Its spring, Vrelo Bosne, is found a few kilometers to the west of city center and is a popular national park. A number of smaller streams also pass through the city's area. A number of horticulture projects have been undertaken in the history of Ilidža. The city is today very rich in trees. The total area of the city's parks is about 50% of that of Sarajevo, which has six times its population. In 1894, an article in a London newspaper called Ilidža "One of the most beautiful places in the world".

History :

Ilidža is one of the longest continuously inhabited regions in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since the 19th century, numerous archeological finds have been made in the Butmir neighborhood, dating from Neolithic times. The so called Butmir culture, is one of the best documented Neolithic cultures in Europe of the 26th and 25th centuries BC. During Roman times, the Ilidža area was the location of the town Aquae Sulphurae. This was a Roman colony, and the main settlement in all of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the time. Today numerous traces of Roman civilization have been found, such as mosaics, ceramics, jewelry, coins, and even structural remains. During medieval times, the Ilidža area was part of the Bosnian province of Vrhbosna. Katera, one of the two original Bosnian towns mentioned by Constantine Porphyrogenitus in De Administrando Imperio, was found on the ground of today's Ilidža municipality. The disciples of Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius considered the area important enough to stop by Vrelo Bosne and build a church in the area. The modern town of Ilidža as we know was founded during the Ottoman rule of Bosnia. Its name derives from the Turkish word Ilıca, meaning "warm thermal springs". (Ilıca is also the name of a district of Erzurum, a southeast city of Turkey. There are also Ilıca named municipalities in the following provinces of Turkey: Samsun, Kahramanmaraş, Antalya, Malatya, Ordu.) Numerous elements of Turkish culture found their way into Ilidža, such as a number of oriental homes from the 15th and 16th centuries that have survived to this day. Numerous mosques and bridges were also built at this time. Ilidža, like the rest of Bosnia, experienced industrialization and westernization with the coming of Austria-Hungary. A railroad station and tracks, hotels, and various other structures made Ilidža the most important town after Sarajevo in the region. This continued into the 1900s as Ilidža continued to grow and develop.

Tourism :

Sarajevo International Airport is located just a few kilometers[quantify] from the city. The region's natural beauty and historical sites are draws for tourists. Igman mountain is a popular destination for skiing and hiking, and Vrelo Bosne is one of the country's most popular parks. The Rimski Most ("Roman Bridge") over the Bosna river was built in the 16th century using actual Roman stones.
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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:10 AM   #2
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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:19 AM   #3
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Vrelo Bosne (English: Spring of Bosna) is a spring and a green park at the source of the River Bosna, central Bosnia and Herzegovina, twelve kilometers southwest of Sarajevo, one of the country's top natural landmarks. Vrelo Bosne is found on the outskirts of Sarajevo, near the suburb of Ilidža. One of the most famous scenes of natural beauty in the region, it is ironically located in Sarajevo's metro area. If you don't have a car, it's best reached by taxi and can be combined with a visit to the War Tunnel Museum. The approach to the park down a long allée of tall trees is spectacular. Fancy houses from the Austro-Hungarian period line the allée, offering a peek into the luxuries of the past.

The park itself is a network of paths and bridges over bubbling streams and waterfalls and still pools reflecting the leafy surroundings. It's filled with shade and perfect for a warm summer's day. It's also one of the greenest places on earth. Nearby is the Roman Bridge, also worth looking at. The park has outdoor cafés, which can get crowded on summer weekends, but stray from the beaten track a bit, and it's hard to imagine a more peaceful oasis. There are also numerous minor attractions in the park, horse and carriage rides are also offered if you're more inclined to ride in and picnic sites. If you're spending any length of time in Sarajevo, Vrelo Bosne is a welcome break from the bustle of the city. A number of animals are kept in the park as well, such as ducks and swans.

After lack of maintenance during much of the 1990s, a giant revitalization project was launched in the year 2000. Local teenagers were led by international ecological organizations in the clean-up. By the end of the year, Vrelo Bosne was back to its former glory.





























Last edited by TourBosnia; November 12th, 2010 at 07:31 AM.
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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:25 AM   #4
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Camping and Caravanning "Oaza" Ilidza is a part of the hotel company "Hoteli Ilidža". Ot is located near Sarajevo, in famous spa Ilidža ( sources of sulfur water), about 12 km from the down town. More information ypi can finde on their web sites:

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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:30 AM   #5
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Not far from the source is the Roman bridge. Although it resembles a Roman bridge it is of Ottoman design. The bridge was merely named after the ancient settlers of this region. Ilidza is one of the fastest developing tourist areas around Sarajevo. There is now a large indoor/outdoor thermal pool complex open all year round.

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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:42 AM   #6
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You can come here to enjoy swimming in its three large swimming pools daytime or nighttime, to exercise 'aqua pilates' and 'aqua aerobic' or just to do some fun go cart racing.

If you get hungry, there are three restaurants to choose from. 'Tropical Garden' (Tropski vrt) is an international restaurant placed right next to the indoor swimming pool. You will enjoy the tropical surrounding of palm trees, waterfalls, and tropical vegetation. There is an outdoor restaurant and a self-service restaurant as well.

Thermal Riviera is a place where you can celebrate your children's birthdays or weddings in a beautifully decorated environment. During the summer breaks, you can bring your children to the educational campus where they learn how to swim or they may participate in other creative activities. Last, but not the least, many other events such as concerts, swimming pool parties, team building programs take place here and you are welcome to inquire further on how to be a part of them or how to have one.

The complex is open every day from 9 am to 10 pm.


























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Old November 12th, 2010, 07:48 AM   #7
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The Butmir Culture was a culture in Butmir, near Ilidža, Bosnia and Herzegovina, dating from the Neolithic period. It is characterized by its unique pottery, and is one of the best researched European cultures from 2600-2400 BC. The Butmir Culture was discovered in 1893, when Austrio-Hungarian authorities began construction on the agricultural college of the University of Sarajevo. Various traces of human settlement were found dating to the Neolithic period. Digs were begun immediately, and lasted until 1896. The finds caused interest among archaeologists worldwide. They were largely responsible for the International Congress of Archaeology and Anthropology being held in Sarajevo in August 1894. The most impressive finds were the unique ceramics, which are now found in the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Certain characteristics of the Butmir pottery designs (e.g. its resemblance with Kamares style Minoan pottery) made some suggest a connection to the Minoan culture on Crete. Of course this was during the same time that some suggested Troy was found in the Neretva river valley, and overwhelming modern opinion is that the Butmir people were a unique culture of their own in the Sarajevo area. The culture disappeared during the Bronze Age, most likely conquered by the Illyrians who settled the area at the time. The Illyrian tribe who occupied the area after them were the Daesitates. The First World Congress of Anthropologists and Archeologists was held in Sarajevo thank to this founding! Until this day Butmir culture remains the most excavated archeological site in Europe.







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