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Old July 19th, 2017, 07:02 PM   #11581
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Fingers crossed this time! Caixin reported that the Shenzhen-Hangzhou line will resume running at 250km in April, but sadly that didn't happen.
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Old July 19th, 2017, 07:59 PM   #11582
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Back before the Slowdown Campaign, in 2010...2011, the trip time of Beijing-Shanghai with single stop at Nanjing was estimated as 3:59... but with 380 km/h top speed. The trip time at 350 km/h top speed was estimated at 4:17.
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Old July 20th, 2017, 08:39 PM   #11583
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2020, Chinese high speed railway will reach 30,000 km, railway will reach 150,000 km.

http://business.sohu.com/20160720/n460178930.shtml


2020 China High Speed Railway Map








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Old July 20th, 2017, 08:50 PM   #11584
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2009-2020, Chinese railway length in operation map

http://business.sohu.com/20160720/n460178930.shtml

Blue: High speed railway

Red: Railway

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Old July 21st, 2017, 03:01 AM   #11585
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Silly_Walks View Post
Can we have one with just a stop at Nanjing? Pretty please?
OK, but only one. Because I hear reports that only 4% of tickets sold on this line are for end to end through passengers. The rest (96%) are between intermediate stations.
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Old July 21st, 2017, 06:58 AM   #11586
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Quote:
Originally Posted by xinxingren View Post
OK, but only one. Because I hear reports that only 4% of tickets sold on this line are for end to end through passengers. The rest (96%) are between intermediate stations.
And?
Beijing-Shanghai now has 2 trains with the 1 stop at Nanjing - G1 and G3. Out of a total of 43 or so trains. (Trip times 4:48 and 4:49)
Another 5 have 2 stops (G5, G7, G13, G15, G17) and further 2 have 4 (G11 and G21).
The remaining 34 have 6 to 11 stops. Trip time 5:32 to 6:04.
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:04 AM   #11587
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China increases top high speed rail speeds back to 350 kph and soon 400 kph

China is upgrading its high speed rail trains to new trains with a 400 kph top speed. Hundreds of trains will be upgraded to the higher top speed and more lines will be permitted to run at the higher 350 kph speed and perhaps in two years or so the trains will be permitted to run at 400 kph.

Travelers will be able to zip between the two cities in just 4 hours aboard the G1. Currently, those bullet trains crawl across the country at max speeds of only 300 kilometers per hour, making the 1,318-kilometer trip in an excruciating 4 hours and 49 minutes.

When the 400 kph top speed is permitted then the travel time from Shanghai to Beijing will drop to 3.5 hours.
China is also working on new trains that could reach top speeds of 600 kph. This would enable travel times to drop to 2.3 hours (2 hours and 20 minutes) between Shanghai and Beijing. The higher speeds will cause more travelers to switch from airplanes to high speed rail on longer and longer routes.

High speed rail provides people with more space and comfort and generally lower ticket costs

The speed of the second-tier ‘D’ trains reduced from 250 to 200 km/h (155 to 124 mph). The speed of the remaining 350 km/h (220 mph) trains between Shanghai and Hangzhou was reduced to 300 km/h (186 mph) as of 28 August 2011.

Railway officials are currently hard at work testing and getting ready for the big speed boost which will include both China’s old-school Hexie trains, as well as its newly-developed Fuxing bullet trains, which have a top speed of 400 kilometers per hour.

New Fuxing trains last longer and consume 17% less energy than their outdated predecessors and have the 400 kph top speed. The new train is designed to be more user-friendly, with Wi-Fi and more power sockets.

Systems on the new EMU range, including traction, braking and local area networks are wholly owned by China, Zhao Hongwei, vice main engineer and researcher at the China Academy of Railway Sciences.

This solves the problem that internal layout and replacement parts on existing high-speed trains do not couple together, she said.

There are four types of in-service bullet trains in China, introduced from Japan, Germany, France and Canada, Zhao Ting, a professor at the Beijing Jiaotong University, told the Global Times.

“The China-designed trains will be reducing less system maintenance costs, since 84 percent of its products are of Chinese standards … and China will soon replace existing trains with the new ones within a couple of years,” Zhao Ting said.

According to the China Academy of Railway Sciences, the new model has a service life of over 30 years, compared with the existing ones that can operate for 20 years.

“The Fuxing trains are 4,050 millimeters high, compared with 3,700 millimeters of the Hexie. Thanks to new designs, the Fuxing’s wind resistance is 7.5 to 12.3 percent less than the previous generation, and noise in the carriage is noticeably reduced,” said Zhang Bo, a research fellow at the Locomotive and Car Research Institute under the China Academy of Railway Sciences.

China has 22,000-kilometers of high-speed railway, representing 60 percent of the world’s total. The network set to reach 38,000 km (24,000 mi) in 2025.

China has completed the National 4+4 grid. They are now working on a larger 8+8 high speed rail grid serving the nation and expanded intercity lines for regional and commuter services for large metropolitan areas of China. The proposed completion date for the 8×8 network is 2030.

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/0...o-350-kph.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:08 AM   #11588
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China readying deployment of synchronous traction system for high speed rail that would enable 50% faster operation starting around 2018

China has become a world leader in high-speed railway technology with its development of a cutting-edge permanent magnet synchronous traction system that will take bullet trains to an ultrafast 500 kilometers per hour (300 miles per hour).

The advanced 690-kilowatt traction system was developed by CRRC Corp, the country’s train-making behemoth, at its Zhuzhou Institute in Hunan province. It will soon enter mass production, said Ding Rongjun, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering who heads the institute.

“Now we have our own permanent magnet synchronous traction system with full intellectual property rights, marking a new chapter in China’s high-speed railways,” he said, adding that only a handful of countries are capable of manufacturing the sophisticated apparatus, including Germany and Japan.

* new synchronous traction will allow high speed rail to go 50% faster
* new system boasts more power
* simpler configuration
* lower electrical consumption
* more reliable and efficient

Feng Jianghua, deputy director of the institute, said the adoption of the technology will reshape the high-speed railway industry because traction equipment is the most important part of a bullet train.

Currently, most high-speed trains in service in the world are propelled by alternating current asynchronous motors, a traction system first developed in the 1970s.

The Zhuzhou Institute began research and development on permanent magnet synchronous traction technology in 2003 after it noticed that major international train makers, such as Siemens and Bombardier, had launched projects to acquire the equipment, Feng told China Economic Weekly.

The magazine quoted Xu Junfeng, a senior engineer at the institute, as saying that engineers overcame a large number of technical difficulties. China had never looked at the high-tech equipment before the project.

After eight years, engineers completed development in 2011 and installed the advanced traction system on trains running on Subway Line 2 in Shenyang, Liaoning province, as a trial.

The test has proved successful, Xu said.

In December 2013, the institute brought the system to bullet trains, expecting speeds of 500 km / h. Trials were undertaken on several trains in October.

Jia Limin of Beijing Jiaotong University, who heads China’s high-speed railway innovation program, said that if everything goes well, trains equipped with the new traction system will become fully operational by 2018.

Compared with an alternating current asynchronous motor, the new system boasts more power, simpler configuration and lower electrical consumption, Jia said.

“The new system has fewer parts than the current traction apparatus, so it is more reliable and efficient,” he said.

Sheng Guangzu, general manager of China Railway Corp, has pledged to speed up the development of key technologies in high-speed rail and to design a new bullet train using Chinese standards.

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2015/0...oyment-of.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:12 AM   #11589
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China and Japan are competing to build 6000 mile high speed rail network in India

A top government panel looking after “innovative collaborations” is currently assessing a feasibility study conducted by the Japanese for a 505km bullet train corridor connecting the cities of Mumbai to Ahmedabad. The Chinese, meanwhile, were recently chosen to do a similar study for two other rail links, including a 1,200km Delhi to Mumbai stretch.

his quadrilateral will connect the four metro cities in India, i.e. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. This project is similar to Golden Quadrilateral which is a roadway project which connects the four metros by Express Ways.

The Indian railways network – Asia’s second largest after China – remains a cheap source of transport, with 23 million people travelling every day on trains throughout the vast country.

The prices of tickets have been kept low to make them affordable even for the poor, but this has led to a lack of funds for the development or expansion of the network. This is in contrast to the boom in low-cost air travel.

Japan – which recently lost out to China on a high-speed rail project in Indonesia – is seen to be ahead in India. Junior Railway Minister Manoj Sinha, in a written reply in Parliament, noted that Japan is the “only country to offer funding” .

Tokyo has offered a loan for 81 per cent of the cost for the Mumbai to Ahmedabad stretch which, according to the feasibility report by Japan International Cooperation Agreement, will cost 980 billion rupees (S$20.5 billion) over seven years.

India has one of the largest rail networks in the world, but as of 2015 it does not have any line classed as high-speed rail (HSR), which allows an operational speed of 200 km/h or more, either operational and construction. The current fastest train in India is the Gatimaan Express that runs with a top speed of 160 km/h, with average speed of above 100 km/hr, and as of 2015 India does not have any roadmap or concrete plan to implement High-speed railway with all the projects still in consultation and ideation stage.

Indian Railways aims to increase the speed of passenger trains to 160–200 km/h on dedicated conventional tracks. They intend to improve their existing conventional lines to handle speeds of up to 160 km/h, with a goal of speeds above 200 km/h on new tracks with improved technology.

In February 2014, Henri Poupart-Lafarge of Alstom, manufacturer of trains used on TGV in France, stated that India is at least 5–10 years away from high-speed trains. He suggested the country should first upgrade the infrastructure to handle trains travelling 100 to 120 km/hr

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2015/1...-to-build.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:15 AM   #11590
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China’s high speed rail is one third US price and half of Europe price but still too expensive for other countries

China had a 124,000 km rail network as of the end of last year, featuring the world’s largest high-speed rail networks covering more than 22,000 km, the state-run news agency Xinhua reported in February. The amount of high-speed railways in operation Will be increased to 30,000 km by 2020, connecting more than 80 percent of the nation’s big cities.

Signing high-speed rail deals have come high on the agenda for Chinese leaders making trips overseas, but many of the deals have suffer suffer because of financing issues.

A World Bank analysis in 2014 estimated that China spends between US $ 17 million and US $ 21 million per kilometre on high-speed rail, compared with US $ 25 million to US $ 39 million in Europe, and as much much US $ 56 million in California.

The high-speed railway linking Jakarta to Bandung in Indonesia was suspended in January last year. The US $ 5.1 billion joint-venture project only received its operation permit last month, making it a step closer to resuming construction.
The construction of the 150km rail link has been criticised in Indonesia for being too costly and overlooking less-popular regions.

The various problems with international high speed rail projects.
* a large construction cost
* Lack of a rail travel culture can cause a shortage of riders
* geographic problems can require a lot of bridges and tunnels

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/0...countries.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:17 AM   #11591
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China’s building a high speed rail economy and could achieve a 1 to 1.2 billion person single city effect by 2040

High speed rail seems to be providing a 1.0 to 1.5% annual GDP boost to regional economies. China could use low pressure maglev to create a 1 to 1.2 billion person megacity by 2040 and a 1.4 billion person megacity by 2050. A large number of high passenger and freight capacity maglev with 1500-2000 mile per hour speed could connect all of the cities in China by 2050. A UN report discusses the merging of cities into mega-regions and the is the largest megaregion is Hong Kong-Shenhzen-Guangzhou region in China, home to about 120 million people already. Super high speed rail will enable dense cities to physically connect for more productivity and economic growth. If China proceeds down this path and achieves success there will be high speed rail links to the European high speed rail network, Japans high speed rail network and then connections across to the Americas.

China has put 355 multiple-unit trains into operation, including 234 trains that can reach 250 kilometers per hour and 121 trains that can reach 350 kilometers per hour

China’s high-speed railways are mainly in the three large economic zones, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei economic zone. Just in 2009, the average local GDP of the three zones had increased by as high as 10 percent, 1.7 percentage points higher than the growth rate of China’s total GDP.

In the same year, the GDP of the three zones accounted for 44 percent of the GDP of China, up three percentage points compared to that of 2008. Experts believe that China’s high-speed railways have become a booster for China’s regional economic integration.

The economy of Tianjin increased by more than 16 percent both in 2008 and 2009, much higher than the economic growth rate of all of China.

In Jiangsu province, more than 60 percent came from the regions along the Shanghai-Nanjing High-Speed Railway. Investigations show that the Shanghai-Nanjing High-Speed Railway will increase the GDP of the cities along its route by 1 percent annually.

“One-city Effect” pushes the high-speed railway economy

As China possesses a large population and a vast territory, the time and space span between China’s economy and society is huge. Uneven population distribution and economic development in China determines that the production and market consumption need to be connected using a high-speed, long-distance and large-capacity rail transport channel.

Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway to show ‘dumbbell effect’

The track-laying work of the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway recently started after a track-laying machine quietly laid a 500-meter-long rail at the Xuzhou East Station. This marked the shift of the engineering construction of the world’s longest high-speed railway with the highest standards from civil engineering to track engineering. It is estimated that the railway will be put into operation by 2012.

The maximum speed of the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway is 350 kilometers per hour and can shorten the travel time for a distance of 1,318 kilometers between Beijing and Shanghai to less than four hours. The round-way passenger transportation capacity of the railway will reach 160 million a year.

“We can see on a map that the two ends of the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway connect China’s two major economic zones: the Bohai Sea Rim and the Yangtze River Delta economic zones. Such a relationship is just like a dumbbell. The Bohai Sea Rim and the Yangtze River Delta act as the two balls of a dumbbell and the railway acts as its bar.

According to initial research and estimations, upon the completion of the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, the “dumbbell effect” will lift the GDP growth rates of the regions along the railway by about 19 to 21 percentage points.

China’s ability to capture even more economic growth with high speed rail increases the likelihood that China will develop even faster vacuum rail.

Southwest Jiaotong University in China is developing a low pressure underground tubes and maglev train which will travel at 1,000 kilometers per hour (600 mph).

This is double the speed of current maglev trains, which enable a larger one city economic growth effect. Even more advanced vacuum maglev would enables speeds up to 12000 miles per hour. The double speed only costs 10-20% more than regular maglev.

China plans to limit extending the Shanghai maglev line to approximately 200 million yuan per kilometer. $30 million/km. The very low air pressure tunnel is supposed to cost $1.5-2.95 million more per kilometer. So more than doubling the speed adds about 10% to the cost. In a worse case, where China is able to build new maglev for $16.5 million/km and the high end of the tunnel costs occurs then the current estimate would be a 20% incremental costs.

According to Shen Zhiyun, academic member of CAS and CAE, China should target the development of high-speed ground transportation with 600 to 1,000 kilometers per hour which should be in operation between 2020 and 2030.
Going to 1500 mph in the 2030 to 2040 timeframe would enable about 90% of Chinas population to be 1 hour apart by low pressure maglev. China would have about 80% urbanization at that time. This would enable a 1 to 1.2 billion person “single city” effect. China’s economy would be in the 50-120 trillion dollar range so a boost of 20% would be worth 10 to 24 trillion dollars.


https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2010/0...l-economy.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:20 AM   #11592
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China's high-speed railway economy taking shape
14:29, September 03, 2010
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China has become the country with the fastest development, most complete systematic technologies, strongest assembly capacity, the greatest length of track, highest operational speed and the largest project scale of high-speed railways in the world, representatives from the Ministry of Railways said recently.

China has put 355 multiple-unit trains into operation, including 234 trains that can reach 250 kilometers per hour and 121 trains that can reach 350 kilometers per hour. The trains have safely traveled 280 million kilometers and transported more than 500 million passengers, according to data from the ministry.

So far, China's high-speed railways are mainly in the three large economic zones, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei economic zone. Just in 2009, the average local GDP of the three zones had increased by as high as 10 percent, 1.7 percentage points higher than the growth rate of China's total GDP.

In the same year, the GDP of the three zones accounted for 44 percent of the GDP of China, up three percentage points compared to that of 2008. Experts believe that China's high-speed railways have become a booster for China's regional economic integration. China is coming into a "high-speed railway era" and China's high-speed railway economy is taking shape.

High-speed railways: New engine for China's regional economic integration

On Aug. 1, 2010, the Beijing-Tianjin High-Speed Railway, the first high-speed railway in China, celebrated its two-year anniversary. Since the railway was put into operation two years ago, the economic development of Beijing and Tianjin has been accelerating rapidly.

http://en.people.cn/90001/90778/90860/7128387.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:22 AM   #11593
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China high speed rail expanding with projects in Australia and Europe and development of faster maglev trains

CRRC, the world’s largest supplier of rail transit systems, is expecting to complete the first sample maglev train by 2020 and is hoping to test it on a track in east China’s Shandong Province, reports People’s Daily Online.

In the 1970s and 1980s, countries like Germany, Japan and the United States started trying to develop maglev transportation systems. Japan’s Yamanashi Maglev Test Line shocked the world with a speed of more than 500 km / h. In comparison, China’s conventional trains at that Time could only reach average speeds of 60.3 km / h.

High-speed maglev technology raises the prospect of faster travel across China. Whereas conventional train features tried and tested technology, are safe and have good interoperability, maglev trains can offer higher speeds, easier travel over gradients, and have more route options
After Friday’s close, CRRC said a joint venture between subsidiary CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles and an Australian company has won an order from state of Victoria to supply subway trains. The Chinese company will take a 45% slice of the 2 billion Australian dollar (US$1.49 billion) project. It will build 65 trains over the next six years. CRRC will be responsible for design, manufacturing and testing of the rolling stock. In addition, it will invest to A$15 million in the joint venture, holding 10% stake in the joint-venture company.

Also, on Sunday, CRRC announced that its subsidiary CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive is planning to buy Skoda Transportation, a Czech rival.

CRRC is benefiting from the yuan’s fall against the U.S. dollar. Foreign orders for rolling stock lift the company’s dollar revenues, boosting the company’s profit in yuan terms.
https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/1...ding-with.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:25 AM   #11594
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China Working towards 600 Mph Maglev Trains Through Very Low Pressure Underground Tubes for 2020 to 2030

Southwest Jiaotong University in China is developing a low pressure underground tubes and maglev train which will travel at 1,000 kilometers per hour (600 mph).

This is double the speed of current maglev trains.

According to Shen Zhiyun, academic member of CAS and CAE, China should target the development of high-speed ground transportation with 600 to 1,000 kilometers per hour which should be in operation between 2020 and 2030.


This concept was first proposed by experts from American Land Consulting and Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was introduced by Zhang Yaoping, who graduated from Southwest Jiao tong University in Sichuan. He then began to promote the ETT as an “evolutionary transportation” in 2007. Zhang believes the theoretical limit of the speed of the evacuated tube maglev train is close to the first orbital speed and can reach up to 20,000 kilometers per hour (12000 mph).

UPDATE: The $1.5 to 2.95 million per kilometer incremental cost is about 7-20% of the $17-40 million per kilometer of regular maglev lines in China, which is pretty cheap to get over double the speed.


According to a national laboratory specializing in the study of traction, the technology could be in daily use in the next 10 years.

The laboratory at Southwest Jiaotong University told Beijing-based Legal Evening News that it was working on a prototype with an average speed of 500 to 600kph.

A much smaller model train traveling at 600 to 1,000kph in a vacuum tube will be introduced in two or three years, it added.

Shen said the US proposal was for a highly evacuated tunnel. The Chinese version reduces air pressure, making the tunnel easier and cheaper to build.

The tunnel would cost 10 to 20 million yuan (US$2.95 million) more than the current high speed railway for each kilometer (so $5 million more per mile) but the train would be able to travel at 600kph, Shen estimated.


Vactrains have been imagined for over 100 years and have never been built.

A vactrain is a proposed, as-yet-unbuilt design for future high-speed railroad transportation. This would entail building maglev lines through evacuated (air-less) or partly evacuated tubes or tunnels. Though the technology is currently being investigated for development of regional networks, advocates have suggested establishing vactrains for transcontinental routes to form a global network. The lack of air resistance could permit vactrains to use little power and to move at extremely high speeds, up to (4000-5000 mph (6400–8000 km/h) or 5-6 times the speed of sound at sea level and standard conditions

Evacuated Tube Transport (ETT)at wikipedia

How ETT is designed to work: Air is permanently removed (evacuated with vacuum pumps) from two five foot (1.5 m) diameter tubes built along a travel route. Car-sized passenger/cargo capsules travel in the tubes on frictionless maglev. Airlocks at stations allow transfer without admitting air. Linear motors safely accelerate the capsules, for most of the trip they coast through the vacuum without using additional energy. Acceleration energy is recovered by using linear generators to decelerate the capsules. ETT is not pneumatic tube transport (PTT) commonly used at drive-up banks. ETT is claimed to be able to accomplish fifty times more transportation per kWh than electric cars or trains because travel occurs without air resistance or rolling resistance.

ETT is a form of Personal Rapid Transit (PRT), accordingly ETT may be networked like freeways, and the automobile sized capsules are automatically routed like internet traffic, so a capsule can exit at any desired branch. Proposed speeds of 350 mph for in-state use and up to 4,000 mph for cross country and global travel.

ETT capsules weigh only 400 lbs, yet like a SUV, haul 800lbs of people or cargo. A twentieth as much guideway material is required to support ETT capsules than to support locomotives. Material savings, and use of automated pipeline production, drops cost to less than a tenth the cost of High Speed Rail, or a fourth the cost of a freeway. With automated passive switching, a single 350mph ETT tube can exceed 16 lanes freeway capacity, further economizing.


https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2010/0...ph-maglev.html
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Old July 21st, 2017, 06:23 PM   #11595
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List of high-speed railway length ranking in the world

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_o..._railway_lines

Rank Country In operatiopn (km)

1 China 22000

2 Spain 3100

3 Germany 3038

4 Japan 2765

5 France 2647

6 Sweden 1706

7 UK 1377

8 Italy 1350

9 South Korea 880

10 Turkey 745
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Old July 21st, 2017, 06:50 PM   #11596
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By 2020, Chinese Transportation system planning:

http://kuaixun.stcn.com/2017/0301/13080910.shtml

High speed railway in operation: 30,000 km

Railway in operation: 150,000 km

Expressway in operation: 150,000 km
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Old July 21st, 2017, 08:31 PM   #11597
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Unique cart lays power cables on high-speed rail track



Workers are laying high voltage power cables along a high-speed rail track using a special vehicle. Construction of the railway linking Beijing to Shenyang is close to completion.
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Old July 21st, 2017, 09:20 PM   #11598
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Quote:
Originally Posted by kunming tiger View Post
Travelers will be able to zip between the two cities in just 4 hours aboard the G1. Currently, those bullet trains crawl across the country at max speeds of only 300 kilometers per hour, making the 1,318-kilometer trip in an excruciating 4 hours and 49 minutes.

When the 400 kph top speed is permitted then the travel time from Shanghai to Beijing will drop to 3.5 hours.
China is also working on new trains that could reach top speeds of 600 kph. This would enable travel times to drop to 2.3 hours (2 hours and 20 minutes) between Shanghai and Beijing.
An obvious way to cut end to end trip time between Beijing and Shanghai is to build a new and shorter line. Nor follow the existing line with detour inland via Nanjing and Xuzhou, but a straighter line through Lianyungang.
Quote:
Originally Posted by kunming tiger View Post
“The Fuxing trains are 4,050 millimeters high, compared with 3,700 millimeters of the Hexie. Thanks to new designs, the Fuxing’s wind resistance is 7.5 to 12.3 percent less than the previous generation,
How is the height used? What are the floor heights?
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Old July 22nd, 2017, 02:05 PM   #11599
mingrady
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A very negative review of China railway's oversea expansion from Financial Times

China’s railway diplomacy hits the buffers

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a Financial Times investigation has found that China’s high-speed rail ambitions are running off the tracks. Far from blazing a trail for One Belt, One Road, several of the projects have been abandoned or postponed. Such failed schemes, and some that are under way, have stoked suspicion, public animosity and mountains of debt in countries that Beijing had hoped to woo.


For some reason it completely omitted China's vast railway building activities in Africa.
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Old July 22nd, 2017, 03:27 PM   #11600
saiho
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mingrady View Post
A very negative review of China railway's oversea expansion from Financial Times


For some reason it completely omitted China's vast railway building activities in Africa.
The reason is that none of them are high speed railways. Of course the article is definitely leaning on the negative side preferring to highlight "failures", China is still very new at this so blunters are expected.
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