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Old December 26th, 2010, 11:17 PM   #1
costa
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☩ | Portuguese colonial architecture ‎around the world | ☩


☩ The Portuguese Empire ☩



Red – possessions;
Orange – areas of influence and trade;
Pink – claims of sovereignty;
Green – trading posts;
Olive – exploration;
Blue – main sea explorations, routes and areas of influence.




History
The Portuguese Empire, also known as the Portuguese Overseas Empire (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was the first global empire in history. In addition, it was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau in 1999. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now are part of 49 different Sovereign States.

Territories of the Portuguese empire

Africa


  • [Pictures: 1] Angola/Portuguese West Africa: colony (1575–1589); crown colony (1589–1951); overseas province (1951–1971); state (1971–1975). Independence in 1975.
  • Arguin/Arguim: (1455–1633)
  • Accra: (1557–1578)
  • Cabinda: protectorate (1883–1887); Congdistrict (1887–1921); intendancy subordinate tMaquela (1921–1922); dependency of Zaire district (1922–1930); Intendacy of Zaire and Cabinda (1930–1932); intendancy under Angola (1932–1934); dependency under Angola (1934–1945); restored as District (1946–1975). Controlled by Frente Nacional para a Libertaçãde Angola (National Liberation Front of Angola) as part of independent Angola in 1975. Declared Cabinda a Republic in 1975, but not recognized by Portugal nor Angola.
  • [Pictures: 1] Cabo Verde/Cape Verde: settlements (1462–1495); dominion of crown colonies (1495–1587); crown colony (1587–1951); overseas province (1951–1974); autonomous republic (1974–1975). Independence in 1975.
  • Ceuta: possession (1415–1640). Became Spanish in 1640.
  • Elmina: possession (1482–1637)
  • FernandPoand Annobón: colonies (1474–1778). Ceded tSpain in 1778.
  • Portuguese Gold Coast: (1482–1642), ceded tDutch Gold Coast in 1642
  • Guiné Portuguesa/Portuguese Guinea: colony (1879–1951); overseas province (1951–1974). Unilateral independence declared in 1973, recognized by Portugal in 1974.
    • Cacheu: captaincy (1640–1879). United with Bissau in 1879.
    • Bissau: settlement under Cacheu (1687–1696); captaincy (1696–1707); abandoned (1707–1753); separate colony under Cape Verde (1753–1879). United with Cacheu in 1879.
  • Madagascar: southern part (1496–1550)
  • Madeira: possession (1418–1420); colony (1420–1580); crown colony (1580–1834); autonomous district (1834–1976). Made an autonomous region in 1976.
  • Mascarene Islands: fortified post (1498–1540)
  • Malindi: occupation (1500–1630)
  • [Pictures: 1, 2] Mombassa (Kenya): occupation (1593–1638); colony subordinate tGoa (1638–1698; 1728–1729). Under Omani sovereignty in 1729.
  • [Pictures: 1, 2] Morocco enclaves
    • Aguz/Souira Guedima (1506–1525)
    • Alcacer Ceguer/El Qsar es Seghir (1458–1550)
    • Arzila/Asilah (1471–1550; 1577–1589). Restored tMoroccin 1589.
    • Azamor/Azemmour (1513–1541). City restored tMoroccin 1541.
    • Mazagan/El Jadida (1485–1550); possession (1506–1769). Incorporation intMoroccin 1769.
    • Mogador/Essaouira (1506–1510)
    • Safim/Safi (1488–1541)
    • Santa Cruz dCabde Gué/Agadir (1505–1541)
  • [Pictures: 1, 2] Mozambique/Portuguese East Africa: possession (1498–1501); subordinate tGoa (1501–1569); captaincy-general (1569–1609); colony subordinate tGoa (1609–1752); colony (1752–1951); overseas province (1951–1971); state (1971–1974); local transitional administration (1974–1975). Independence in 1975.
  • Quíloa (1505–1512)
  • São João Baptista de Ajudá: fort subordinate tBrazil (1721–1730); subordinate São Tomé e Príncipe (1865–1869). Annexed by Dahomey in 1961.
  • São Tomé e Príncipe: crown colony (1753–1951); overseas province (1951–1971); local administration (1971–1975). Independence in 1975.
    • SãTomé: possession (1470–1485); colony (1485–1522); crown colony (1522–1641); administration under Dutch occupation (1641–1648). French occupation in 1648.
    • Príncipe: colony (1500–1573). United with SãTomé in 1573.
  • Tangier: possession (1471–1662). Ceded tEngland in 1662.
  • Zanzibar: possession (1503–1698). Became part of Oman in 1698.
  • Ziguinchor: possession (1645–1888). Ceded tFrance in 1888.

North Atlantic and North America


  • Azores: colonies (1427–1766); captaincy-general (1766–1831); autonomous districts of Angra dHeroismo, Horta and Ponta Delgada (1831–1976). Made an autonomous region in 1976.
  • Greenland: (1499/1500–?) possession claimed by JoãFernandes Labrador in 1499 or 1500. Seen as claimed in the Cantinplanisphere of 1502, Reinel-LopHomem chart of 1519 and Reinel map of 1535.
  • Land of the Corte-Real: (1501–?) claimed after the voyages of the Corte-Real brothers.
    • Terra Nova (Newfoundland): (1501–?) claimed by Miguel and Gaspar Corte-Real, latter by JoãÁlvares Fagundes. Alsknown as Terra Nova dos Bacalhaus (Land of Codfish).
    • Labrador (1499/1500–?): claimed by the Corte-Real brothers and maybe by JoãFernandes Labrador.
    • Nova Scotia (1519?–?): explored and claimed by JoãÁlvares Fagundes.

Central and South America


  • Barbados: Possession known as Os Barbados, discovered by Pedro Campos in 1536 being an exile post for Brazilian Jews. The only Caribbean possession the Portuguese held for eighty-four years until Portugal abandoned the island to continue exploring nearby Brazil.
  • [Pictures: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] Brazil: possession known as Ilha de Santa Cruz, later Terra de Vera Cruz (1500–1530); colony (1530–1714); vice-kingdom (1714–1815); kingdom under United Kingdom of Portugal (1815–1822), independence in 1822.
  • Cisplatina (Uruguay): occupation (1808–1822). Captaincy in 1817 (of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves). Adhered as a province of the new Empire of Brazil in 1822. Became independent 1827, changing its name to Uruguay.
  • French Guiana: occupation (1809–1817). Restored to France in 1817.
  • Nova Colônia do Sacramento: colony in present Uruguay (1680; 1683–1705; 1715–1777). Ceded to the Spanish Empire in 1777.

Asia and Oceania


  • Aden: possession (failed in 1510;1516–1538)
  • Bahrain: possession (1521–1602)
  • Ceylon: colony (1597–1658). Dutch took control in 1656, Jaffna taken in 1658.
  • Flores Island: possession (16th-19th century)
    • Solor: possession (1520–1636)
  • Gamru/Bandar Abbas: possession (1506–1615)
  • [Pictures: 1] Hormuz/Ormuz (Iran): possession subordinate tGoa (1515–1622). Incorporated intPersia in 1622.
  • Laccadive Islands (1498–1545)
  • [Pictures: 1, 2] Macau/Macao: settlement (1553–1557), leased territory subordinated tGoa (1557–1844); overseas province (1844–1883); combined overseas province with Timor-Leste under Goa (1883–1951); overseas province (1951–1976); Chinese territory under Portuguese administration (1976–1999). Returned tfull sovereignty of People's Republic of China as a special administrative region in 1999.
    • Coloane: occupation in 1864
    • Taipa: occupation in 1851
    • Ilha Verde: incorporated in 1890
    • D. João, Lapa and Montanha Islands: settled by Portuguese
      missionaries in the 19th century; occupation by Portuguese troops in 1938. Taken in 1941 by the Empire of Japan and restored tChina in 1945.
  • Makassar (1512–1665)
  • Malacca: settlement (1511–1641); lost tthe Dutch
  • Maldives: possession (1518–1521, 1558–1573)
  • Moluccas
    • Amboina/Ambon: settlement (1576–1605)
    • Ternate: settlement (1522–1575)
    • Tidore: colony (1578–1605). Seized by Dutch in 1605.
  • Muscat: possession (1515–1650)
  • [Pictures: 1, 2, 3, 4] Índia Portuguesa/Portuguese India: overseas province (1946–1962). Taken over by India in 1962 and recognised by Portugal in 1974.
    • Baçaim/Vasai: possession (1535–1739)
    • Bombaím/Mumbai: possession (1534–1661)
    • Calicut/Kozhikode: settlement (1512–1525)
    • Cambay/Khambhat: possession
    • Cannanore: possession (1502–1663)
    • Chaul: possession (1521–1740)
    • Chittagong: possession (1528–1666)
    • Cochin: possession (1500–1663)
    • Cranganore: possession (1536–1662)
    • Damão/Daman: acquisition in 1559. Became part of overseas province in 1946. Retaken over by India in Dec 1961.
    • Diu: acquisition in 1535. Became part of overseas province in 1946. Retaken over by India in Dec 1961.
    • Dadra: acquisition in 1779. Retaken over by India in 1954.
    • Goa: colony (1510–1946). Became part of overseas province in 1946. Retaken over by India in Dec 1961.
    • Hughli: possession (1579–1632)
    • Nagar Haveli: acquisition in 1779. Retaken over by India in 1954.
    • Masulipatnam (1598–1610)
    • Thanlyin: possession (1599–1613)
    • Mangalore (1568–1659)
    • Negapatam/Nagapattinam (1507–1657)
    • Paliacate (1518–1610). occupied by the Dutch in 1610.
    • Coulão/Quilon: possession (1502–1661)
    • Salsette Island: possession (1534–1737). conquered by the Marathas.
    • SãTomé de Meliapore: settlement (1523–1662; 1687–1749)
    • Surat: settlement (1540–1612)
    • Tuticorin/Thoothukudi (1548–1658)
  • Socotra: possession (1506–1511). Became part of Mahri Sultanate of Qishn and Suqutra
  • Qatar: possession (1517 - 1538). Lost tthe Ottomans
  • [Pictures: 1, 2] Timor: claimed and partially possessed from 1520 t1640.
  • West Timor: part of Timor lost tthe Dutch in 1640.
  • East Timor: colony subordinate tPortuguese India (1642–1844); subordinate tMacau (1844–1896); separate colony (1896–1951); overseas territory (1951–1975); republic and unilateral independence proclaimed, annexed by Indonesia (1975–1999, UN recognition as Portuguese territory). UN administration from 1999 until independence in 2002.

Last edited by costa; January 26th, 2011 at 11:19 PM.
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Old December 26th, 2010, 11:48 PM   #2
costa
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El Jadida


http://www.flickr.com/photos/faviniandrea/5033436730/in/photostream/


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/13247654


http://www.flickr.com/photos/faviniandrea/5033435616/in/photostream/


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/33264619


http://www.flickr.com/photos/martijnmaas/4593163833/


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/33262033


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/33264543


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/13247654


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/2882665724/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/leszekzadlo/5008101920/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/milamber/355140423/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/iharsten/4241597218/
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Old December 27th, 2010, 12:43 AM   #3
costa
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Ouro Preto


http://www.flickr.com/photos/alesantos/5215455277/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/ciskatobing/51115062/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/696776952/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/carlosoliveirareis/2432230601/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/maufvm/2578688201/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/quasebart/3295437981/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/mmvic/3651764832/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/whltravel/4150573917/
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Old December 28th, 2010, 11:35 PM   #4
costa
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Macau


http://www.flickr.com/photos/mnchild/4788771840/#/photos/mnchild/4788771840/in/set-72157624351442875/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/darasphotos/3069979959/sizes/l/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/bencito_traveller/4440244734/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/bencito_traveller/4439456395/in/set-72157623512193041/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/bencito_traveller/4439472907/in/set-72157623512193041/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/bencito_traveller/4439473341/in/set-72157623512193041/
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Old December 29th, 2010, 12:01 AM   #5
costa
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Macau


http://www.flickr.com/photos/kingratt82/2424846403/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4061269348/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/5130249869/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/mnchild/4792877791/in/set-72157624351442875/


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/40955602


http://www.flickr.com/photos/changyisheng/5078478826/
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Old December 29th, 2010, 12:09 AM   #6
guille_89uy
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Brilliant.
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Old December 29th, 2010, 06:17 AM   #7
Aztecgoddess
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Beautiful pictures, Ouro preto looks like a lovely city full of majestic architecture.
More pictures please
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Old December 29th, 2010, 02:28 PM   #8
Cyrus
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Quote:
Originally Posted by costa View Post
El Jadida

Isn't it that Portuguese Church in Hormoz Island in the south of Iran?

image hosted on flickr
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All Empires For History Lovers!
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Old December 29th, 2010, 02:57 PM   #9
costa
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Cyrus View Post
Isn't it that Portuguese Church in Hormoz Island in the south of Iran?
No Cyrus, this one is in Manueline Church, El Jadida. But they are very similiar.

http://maps.google.com/maps?t=h&q=33...,0.002411&z=19
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Old December 29th, 2010, 04:02 PM   #10
JPBrazil
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One correction:

http://img683.imageshack.us/img683/7...7653faa16o.jpg

This image is from the historic town of Mariana, near to Ouro Preto. It was the first city of Minas Gerais state.

By the way, awesome thread. Portuguese architecture is very rich.

I wonder what happened to the first city shown, it seems to be a ghost town now...
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Old December 30th, 2010, 12:22 AM   #11
costa
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Thanks for the correction JP
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Old December 30th, 2010, 12:23 AM   #12
costa
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Goa


http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinkpigs/2038345675/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4451066036/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4577765548/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4419475098/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4419475098/
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Old December 30th, 2010, 01:40 AM   #13
pai nosso
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Excelent work Costa!!!

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Old December 30th, 2010, 01:50 AM   #14
JohnnyMass
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I second that! Great thread, carry on, there's so much more to be shown!
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Old December 30th, 2010, 01:54 AM   #15
LAZO
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WOW! A great thread! Good work costa!
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Old January 1st, 2011, 10:23 PM   #16
costa
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Some of the many Portuguese cinemas in Africa

Mozambique Cinemas


http://www.flickr.com/photos/ram_horizonte/3762165813/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/3842532155/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/sparkytheneoncat/4206072630/#/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/sparkytheneoncat/4206134013/
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Old January 1st, 2011, 10:35 PM   #17
costa
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Angola Cinemas



http://www.flickr.com/photos/mytripsmypics/5278042092/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/mytripsmypics/5287777879/in/set-72157624701692727/


http://www.flickr.com/photos/mytripsmypics/5263185296/in/set-72157624701692727/



The spectacular outdoor Kalunga cinema in Benguela


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/3667680


http://www.panoramio.com/photo/10411235
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Old January 2nd, 2011, 05:38 PM   #18
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Hey Costa, great pictures. Keep on posting!

I hope that after the Dutch and Portuguese colonial architecture threads, Spanish, British and French will follow.
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Old January 2nd, 2011, 07:07 PM   #19
costa
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Quote:
Originally Posted by pai nosso View Post
Excelent work Costa!!!

Quote:
Originally Posted by JohnnyMass View Post
I second that! Great thread, carry on, there's so much more to be shown!
Quote:
Originally Posted by LAZO View Post
WOW! A great thread! Good work costa!

Thank you guys

Last edited by costa; January 3rd, 2011 at 10:35 PM.
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Old January 3rd, 2011, 10:49 PM   #20
costa
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Nemo View Post
Hey Costa, great pictures. Keep on posting!

I hope that after the Dutch and Portuguese colonial architecture threads, Spanish, British and French will follow.
Thanks Nemo! You are right about the other Empires threads.


In fact, was your thread which inspired me to create this one. As you can see in the first post structure
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