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Old January 8th, 2011, 02:31 AM   #1
Го́голь
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[SME] Surinamese roads • Surinaamse wegen

Now that neighbouring Guyana has a thread, the glorious Republic of Suriname cannot stay behind!

Surinamese roads • Surinaamse wegen

The most important road link in the country is the East-West Link (Oost-Westverbinding). It was constructed in the 1960s and badly damaged (the Eastern part) in the Surinamese Guerilla War (Binnenlandse Oorlog) of the 1980s-1990s.



Northern East-West Link
Southern East-West Link

The Eastern section between Paramaribo (capital) and Albina (border with French Guiana) is currently being repaved with funds from the EU, the French Development Agency and the Inter-American Development Bank.

The tender for the section between Meerzorg (across the Suriname river in Paramaribo) and Tamanredjo (km 0 - 20) will be put out in 2011.

The section between Tamanredjo and Moengo (km 20 - 95) is currently being repaved by Dutch company MNO Vervat.

The section between Moengo and Albina (km 95 - 138) will be repaved by the Chinese company Dalian.

On the Western part of the East West line, the road was recently expanded from Nieuw Nickerie to South Drain, where it connects to the (official) ferry service between Suriname and Guyana. This was also funded by the European Union.

The Southern East-West Link is mostly dirt road, and is in a bad shape. A jeep trail connecting the Northern East West Link to the Southern one (between South Drain and Apoera) was to be constructed, but is now on hold due to lack of funds.

The North-South Link is paved until Brokopondo, and dirt road further into the country. There are plans for a road to Brazil via the Vier Gebroeders Mountain range.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 03:15 AM   #2
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The Surinamese president between 1996 and 2000, Jules Wijdenbosch, was quite fond of bridges. He liked them so much that he named one after himself. Sadly though, he did not have enough money to pay for them, so he simply printed extra money for it. It sent the Surinamese guilder into a staggering inflation. The Surinamese guilder was replaced by the Surinamese dollar in 2004.

Jules Wijdenboschbrug (Google maps)

Near the capital city of Paramaribo. Built in 2000.





Coppenamebrug (Google maps)

Built in 1999 spanning the Coppename River.

image hosted on flickr


There is another (bailey) bridge spanning the Coppename River on the Southern East-West Link near Witagron:



Some smaller bridges

Bridge near Groot Henar (Google maps)

Spanning the Nickerie river.

[IMG]http://i51.************/2mfywpi.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i54.************/2ut6p2h.jpg[/IMG]

Sign days "Only vehicles with rubber tires allowed".



This bailey bridge (with rail track on the left) spans the Nickerie River on the Southern East-West Link:

[IMG]http://i54.************/rawxtk.jpg[/IMG]

Bridge near Groningen (Google maps)

Spanning the Saramacca river

[IMG]http://i52.************/2mrcrj6.jpg[/IMG]

Further downstream, another bridge spanning the Saramacca river is currently being built, but that's one of the biggest infrastructural farces of Suriname at the moment, with the bridge having improper foundations etc.

Bridge near Stolkertsijver (Google maps)

Spanning the Commewijne river.

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Old January 8th, 2011, 03:35 AM   #3
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Some IIRSA projects in Suriname:

This is the project which will finally link Suriname with Guyana (and through Guyana with Venezuela and Brazil) via a bridge near Apoera spanning the Courantyne River (there is currently only a ferry service near South Drain, see above):

[IMG]http://i55.************/71766q.jpg[/IMG]

The project was not updated in 2009 though, and my guess is that a bridge near Apoera will only become profitable when finally the West Suriname project will be executed (increasingly likely in the years to come). From Wikipedia:
The West Suriname Plan is an economic development plan for the Western part of Suriname. As originally conceived, it consists among others of the mining of bauxite in the Bakhuis Mountains, the building of a hydroelectric power plant on the Kabalebo River, and the construction of a harbour and an aluminium smelter at Apoera. The plan was the brainchild of former Surinamese Minister of Development Frank Essed.

In 1963, Operation Grasshopper found bauxite deposits in the Bakhuis Mountains. Two years later, extensive explorations were conducted by Suralco and Billiton. After a commercial joint venture established by Reynolds Surinam Mines and Grasshopper Aluminium Company (Grassalco) failed to take off, the Surinamese government devised the West Suriname Plan to develop the region by the government.

False start

The Dutch government agreed to help execute the plan as part of the development subsidies to be given after Suriname would gain independence in 1975. Between 1976 and 1978, a railroad track was constructed between Apoera and the Bakhuis Mountains by Morrison-Knudsen Co.. After the 1980 Surinamese coup d'état Dutch development funds were frozen, and the project was cancelled. Low bauxite market prices in the 1980s also led to doubts about the economic feasibility of the project.

New plans

In the late 1990s, the West Suriname Plan was resurrected. On 6 January 2003, BHP Billiton, Suralco, and the Surinamese government signed two memoranda of understanding to investigate the possibility of developing bauxite mining in West Suriname. Talks between the Surinamese government and BHP Billiton stranded in October 2008. Nevertheless, the Surinamese government continues to eager for the development Western Suriname, and posit that interest in the Bakhuis Mountains exploration has been expressed by companies in Switzerland and China.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 03:51 AM   #4
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The aforementioned rehabilitation of the road between Paramaribo and Albina is also an IIRSA project. A feasibility study on a bridge spanning the Marowijne river to French Guiana is also being performed. Which is all the more useful now a bridge between Brazil and French Guiana will be opened in March 2011...

[IMG]http://i56.************/33a5jjn.jpg[/IMG]

A 1.5 year old news on the Suriname-French Guiana bridge:

Quote:
Bridge between Suriname and French Guyana becomes more substantial
Published on Wednesday, June 17th, 2009 at 3:42 AM

PARAMARIBO, 17 jun – The idea to build a bridge spanning the Marowijne River becomes ever more substantial. The European Union allocates money for a feasibility study. This is what was agreed upon on the first Amazonia Conference with French Guyana's two neighbouring countries.

French Guyana and the Brazilian states of Macapa, Para and Amazonas want to cooperate more closely. The feasibility study for a bridge will be one of the first common projects for this group. The EU allocates more than 13 million dollars, the largest part of the money needed. “It is of course aid that is offered. One would be stupid not to accept,” says Surinamese minister Ricardo van Ravenswaay of Planning & Development Cooperation.

Though not a direct priority for Suriname, the project comes in handy. Passenger traffic with French Guyana keeps increasing. “Every your we hand out 30.000-40.000 visas, so the need for a better connection is definately there”, according to Van Ravenswaay. In the meantime the ferry connection is improved. Money is allocated to that project as well.
Source: http://www.waterkant.net/suriname/20...-vastere-vorm/
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Old January 8th, 2011, 11:46 AM   #5
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Suriname has only half a million people, and is quite poor (Nominal GDP per capita is $ 5.675), thus not a large tax base to support roads in a harsh environment like the jungles of Suriname.

Suriname and Guyana have the poorest road networks in South America.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 09:53 PM   #6
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Funny, that in former Netherland colony they drive on left side of the road, the only in South America.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 10:30 PM   #7
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All our former colonies do, Indonesia drives on the left as well . We kept the colonies that drive on the right side of the road (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Sint Eustatius, Saba).
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Old January 8th, 2011, 10:33 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ChrisZwolle View Post
Suriname has only half a million people, and is quite poor (Nominal GDP per capita is $ 5.675), thus not a large tax base to support roads in a harsh environment like the jungles of Suriname.

Suriname and Guyana have the poorest road networks in South America.
Suriname is not significantly poorer than the rest of South America. The main reason for the lack of infrastructure is that most people live in the coastal areas, and more than half in the capital city of Paramaribo. So there is simply no need for a more extensive network.
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Old January 8th, 2011, 10:46 PM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by keber View Post
Funny, that in former Netherland colony they drive on left side of the road, the only in South America.
Have they ever thought to swap to the right side?
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Old January 8th, 2011, 10:48 PM   #10
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But why? Neighbouring Guyana also drives on the left, and that's they only country they probably will have a road connection with in the near future (the Marowijne river near Albina is quite wide, so I don't see a bridge being built in the near future to French Guiana).
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Old January 8th, 2011, 11:01 PM   #11
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Nothing beats a dusty drive on a laterite road:

image hosted on flickr


Watch out! ChrisZwolle and his gang approaching!

image hosted on flickr
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Old January 9th, 2011, 12:52 AM   #12
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Does Suriname follow yellow diamond signage or red triangle? Having a look at other South American countries they seem to follow the yellow diamond but one of the pictures posted above seems to indicate that it follows the red triangle European signage.
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Old January 9th, 2011, 01:03 AM   #13
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They use European red triangle signage:

[IMG]http://i53.************/2e3pm6h.png[/IMG]
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Old January 9th, 2011, 12:23 PM   #14
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Brazil & Suriname have a border crossing ???
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Old January 9th, 2011, 02:05 PM   #15
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No !!!
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Old January 9th, 2011, 03:22 PM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Го́голь View Post
All our former colonies do, Indonesia drives on the left as well . We kept the colonies that drive on the right side of the road (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Sint Eustatius, Saba).
What the heck, I didn't know that. How did that happen?
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Old January 9th, 2011, 04:48 PM   #17
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Quote:
Originally Posted by chumpon View Post
Brazil & Suriname have a border crossing ???
No
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Old January 9th, 2011, 05:10 PM   #18
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But between Guyana and Brazil ther is one, with a bridge to swap sides of traffic:

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Old January 9th, 2011, 05:14 PM   #19
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with Brazilian standard
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Old January 9th, 2011, 05:26 PM   #20
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Yes, but there is no good connection between Guyana and Suriname either. Going by road to Brazil from Suriname involves taking the ferry at South Drain (near Nieuw Nickerie), then again take a ferry in New Amsterdam (town in Guyana), drive on to Georgetown, and then take the road to Brazil.

This would change of course if the IIRSA-proposed road between Linden and Orealla would be built in Guyana, and the bridge between Orealla and Apoera in Suriname (see post #3).
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