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Old March 28th, 2011, 04:51 PM   #1
tchelllo
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Carnival in São Paulo - Brazil

01 Cheguei bem cedo. Só havia eu eles...



02 Depois foi juntando gente...



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Old March 28th, 2011, 10:27 PM   #2
geoff189d
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Absolutely stunning!
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Old March 29th, 2011, 01:27 PM   #3
christos-greece
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Really very nice photos from Sao Paulo carnival
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Old March 30th, 2011, 04:10 PM   #4
capricorn2000
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wow! what a stunning arrays of floats and fantastic costumes.
I can't recall a time seing photos of this carnival before
but I'm truly amazed with this celebration.
are there other Brazilian cities that also hold similar carnival?

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Old March 31st, 2011, 08:47 AM   #5
tchelllo
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Quote:
Originally Posted by capricorn2000 View Post
wow! what a stunning arrays of floats and fantastic costumes.
I can't recall a time seing photos of this carnival before
but I'm truly amazed with this celebration.
are there other Brazilian cities that also hold similar carnival?

Vancouver&Burbs TravelPhotosUpdate

TY

Many other cities in Brazil, I would say dozens have parades like this...The difference is the size, number of participants, sponsorship and investment in costumes and floats.

The biggest carnival parade happens in Rio (where it originated)
and São Paulo cities, but also in Manaus city there is another great parade like this...

Many people outside of Brazil do not know, But Samba School Parade is a serious competition between samba schools.




Interest text about the seriousness of the parade


"
The parades during carnival are a showcase of each "escola" enhanced by the participation of celebrities, fans and guests who often pay large sums of money for their costumes. Those who choose to only watch the parade may also be charged for the best seats. Each school displays glamour in colorful costumes and floats with special effects and is organized into different segments or "alas". The "alas" represent different components of the school's theme, or "enredo", as they act out a homage to a myth, historic event or figure, or express their view on a social, environmental or international issue. The "alas" display distinct costumes or "fantasias" and also reflect traditional samba school roles developed years ago. Thus, each samba school parade has the "comissao de frente"; individuals who open the parade by walking in social attires, saluting the crowds; the "ala das Baianas", or the traditional segment of Bahian African-Brazilian ladies with impressive round dresses spinning through the avenue; the "puxadores" (lead singers) singing the "samba-enredo" or theme-song while they play the "cavaquinho" or other string instruments; the "velha guarda," or veterans who made history in the school; the "bateria", or samba band with drums, "cuicas" and other instruments, preceded by the "madrinha da bateria", or band godmother who is often a sexy female celebrity. The "porta-bandeira", or the female flag holder, and the "meste-sala", or male cortsy, display and salute the school's flag, as they dance and strive to show harmony and samba expertise, as their performance is carefully observed and scored by the judges



Characterization

Since associations of nature almost always local, largely from poor communities or the suburbs, the samba schools usually represented in a fashion district, sub-district or set of districts, a parade which usually has local character, where all or at least the main schools of the city gather to compete among themselves for the best of the year. In this show, are evaluated by a committee of judges chosen in advance by their leaders or by the representative.[17][18][19]

The committee considers each of the questions, giving notes to each, with each juror believes only one question, now, the envelopes with the notes are in a sealed envelope after the parade, and calls for secrecy on the assessment until the day determination of when the board members and key, beyond twisted, attend to a predetermined location to be found the notes, as well known champion of the year. On the day of determination, the final assessment of the panel can be changed from the application of certain penalties, which all are subject, by breaks certain rules, such as the requirement to display a given time, the display of a minimum of components and prohibition of any of them provide fully naked.[20]

While the parades of the samba schools have local characteristics, some entities often share the parade is the city where its headquarters at parade neighboring municipalities. The school of samba in Brasil de Santos has been champion of the carnival capital of São Paulo, while in Rio de Janeiro, GRES Acadêmicos do Grande Rio, GRES Unidos do Porto da Pedra, Ponte, GRES Beija-Flor are GRES Unidos do Viradouro are samba schools of cities in the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro that parade in the capital, and the latter two have won the championship.

This phenomenon is repeated in the Vitoria with the MUG, in Porto Alegre with the Vila Isabel de Viamão, in Curitiba with the Unidos dos Pinhais, in Belém do Pará, with the Caprichosos da Cidade Nova and Macapá, with the Império do Povo. Cities of the Baixada Santista (Santos, Guarujá, São Vicente, Praia Grande and Cubatão) is common to see schools change the parade, and to the several cities organize a single event (Regional Carnival). Historically it is also common the participation of the samba schools of Niterói in São Gonçalo and contrariwise.


Parade


In major cities, the parade of the samba school currently takes about an hour, with some variations according to the rules imposed by the organization of the carnival in the city, where schools generally have less time in groups of children parade [24 ] [25] [26]. Special Group in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the parade has a maximum time of one hour and twenty minutes [27], while in São Paulo is the maximum of 1 hour and five minutes [28]. Along the track, are scattered with stop watches to mark the space of time between the exit of the first component of the merger and the arrival of the last component to the dispersion, when it finally closed the gate and the show is officially closed.


Concentration

Also called the heats, is the time before the parade started, where all components are deployed, waiting their turn to enter the parade on the track. While the school is closing its parade before the end of the runway, another microphone is switched on at the beginning of it, so that the leaders of the school will parade to pass a message to your community, wishing luck and dedication to constituents asking, among other messages the type. Sambas old and best known are sung and the battery begins to play a kind of heating.[4][21]

After the end of a parade, the narrator announces the school next to their plot, and the sound of the microphone, but restricted to only a part of sambódromo, is released so that everyone can hear in the bleachers. Then is sung the allusive and then given the cry of war, after which the parade itself begins, and the timer starts to run. The time of concentration usually last on average about ten minutes.[4][21]

The "alusive" is the songs are depicting the handles of samba-sing during the plot heats up. The allusive itself is a recitation of one or two sentences that paraphrase the actual plot of the school that year, but are also called by the name of the samba-school anthem, the samba-samba of exaltation or the court.[22]

Examples of sambas sung often, year after year, the concentrations are the Camisa Verde e Branco [23] of the Unidos do Peruche,[24] da Gaviões da Fiel,[25] of the Nenê de Vila Matilde,[26] the Estação Primeira de Mangueira [27] and Estácio.[28]

Already the cries of war are typical expressions of each handle to announce the start of the parade and call each of the members of the samba school to sing with the greatest determination possible. In general, the performers have their personal battle cry, which lead from each time you move to college, or who will defend a round in a samba school than their [37].

However, cries of war and not related to the school to handle, such as the X-9 Paulistana, "Sing X, X sings, sings X-9." Or the "Look for Beija-Flor people there", connected to the Beija-Flor, but created and run by Neguinho of Beija-Flor, which has always followed the school.




[edit] Requisites


Several elements are part of the characterization of a parade of the samba school, and some questions to which the jury should assign notes.[29] Others, like the wing of Bahia, however, are not considered as items, but can cause loss of points for the body anyway, if not shown.


Commission of Front


It is the forefront of school, the first group of parade participants, which is a mandatory condition. It consists of about ten to fifteen people who perform a choreography by introducing the plot. Apart from the front of the committee, there is no other rule regarding the order of the elements during the parade of samba schools.

The committees have the front part, with that name, corporate carnival, and, subsequently, incorporated into ranches and cords carnival. Functioning as a sort of master of ceremonies of the show by welcoming the public and presenting the school, the commission on the front of the samba schools have undergone many changes over time. In its early years, were formed by a group of men, the general directors of the college, which came in front of the school wearing their best clothes and welcome the public. Is that sometimes carry sticks to hands, whose prime objective was to defend his group of rivals.[4][30]

The Portela samba school in the commission made more refined, where its components parade with elegant clothes, even occasionally with tails and top hat, a model which soon came to be copied by other schools. That was the policy of its most illustrious member, Paulo da Portela, which meant that Sambistas should always go well dressed, in order to dispel the negative image that was taken on them by the higher classes, as blocks and cords, predecessors of the schools, they had a reputation of being supporters of street fights and street riot.[31][32]

The Vizinha Faladeira in 30 years, tried to innovate, bringing the commission into limousine and mounted on horseback, as in large companies. This fact at first was very criticized by the judges including the only year in which the school won the Santo Cristo, because it alleged that despite having adhering to the rules, that such resources were unrelated to what a school of samba should display .[33] In 1938 the committee moved forward an item to be regulated. With the arrival of visual artists in schools, many have changed their form since the committees were very similar among themselves. Because of this, has been replaced by the formal dress costumes, linked to the plot, showing marked steps, tested by professional dancers. At the end of the 90s, there is already a massive presence of circus artists, theater groups, use of special maquilagens with many visual effects and the use of tripods.[1][4]

At the end of the 70s, with the release of customs, committees are formed by half naked women, which in March were the main sculptural mulata the carnival of 1979 the Imperatriz Leopoldinense. A model which is just copying, but the trend was to show committees increasingly rich attire, with movements Choreographic increasingly prepared. That does not mean that the traditional committees have disappeared from the front: the Portela, for example, maintained the tradition of using the old guard to the 1990s, and some schools even bring one or other such committee, as was the case of Roses Gold in 2003. [43] To date, the regulation does not require major parades in front of the committees to submit within the plot.[34


Allegories and props


The question comes to cars with allegory axis of iron, filled with sculptures of wood, plastic, Styrofoam, among other materials, decorated to represent the elements of the plot.[34][35] In Special Group of Rio, currently, the floats may not exceed eight meters and fifty centimeters wide and nine meters and eighty centimeters tall. Several people usually on top of parade floats, and those who occupy the highest places called highlights.[34]

The first float of the parade is called the car opens the wings, and its front usually see the name of the school, so stylized. Some schools, such as Portela for example, always bring-in opens its wings symbol (in the case of college, the eagle), regardless of plot.[1] The greatest cars arrive to reach up to 13 meters high and 60 meters length, which sometimes affect their entry into the place of parade. These cars are usually driven by people who are below or behind the allegory. No car can be moved to animal traction, and during the 90s, it was to prevent the motor, due to the risk of fire.[36]

Progress, harmony and joint


Evolution is a question which is judged the speed and how the components of the samba school parade: they are lively dancing, spinning, moving, and if so are compact, close to each other, so that anyone looking from above has the impression that the school is a single body, a continuous row. There is no requirement that the components samba, but they must move.[34] Schools that suffer dramatic changes in its parade speed, parading sometimes very quickly, sometimes slowly, are usually penalized.

In line item is evaluated the interaction between the corner and the official interpreter of the components. Schools where the participants do not sing the samba, or sing badly, receiving lower this question.[4]

But the whole question was absent for many years, being brought back to the Rio parades from 2000.[37] is actually an overview of the whole school, in uniform, where a group of judges evaluates all by high the interaction between the various items.[34] In 2006, AESCRJ approved the merger of the items Evolution, Harmony and set a new item: "Set Harmonic." [38]

Plot-theme


As a feature of the parades, the plot, usually chosen at the beginning of the year, right after the carnival, the carnival is valid for the following year. Meanwhile, from the main theme of the carnival should all write a synopsis, which guide the manufacture of costumes, floats and samba-composition of the plot. In this question, evaluators must judge whether the school and explained the plot during the parade, from those other questions.[34][39]

Samba-plot


You should assess whether the samba, and from the plot and has a good melody and lyrics of the interesting features, musically rich, and without bias or errors of language of agreement. Sambas that have this feature tend to be penalized, receiving less.[34][40] The samba of each school is chosen after a domestic dispute at the school, where Sambistas or groups create their sambas, based on previously defined plot. After sign up, compete, and over several weekends, some are being eliminated, until only about a samba. In Rio de Janeiro, the compositions to eliminate internal usually recorded in August. In October it recorded a CD of the Special Group, with sambas in each school in the voice of the official interpreter [41][42]

Until 2007, the Special Group of São Paulo, the samba-item plot was tried twice, and divided into lyrics and melody of music, each taking notes of the same weight as the other.[43]

Mestre-sala and Porta-Bandeira


The mestre-sala (The master of the Room)and porta-bandeira (she who carries the flag)displays the flag of the school to the audience. The porta-bandeira carries the flag, and the mestre-sala pays tribute and draws attention to both the flag and the porta-bandeira. Her dance is not a samba, but she spins and boughs her way ahead. The mestre-sala dances around her. All their moves are regulated in a set of rules, and at one point during the parade they are evaluated by the judges. The slightest mistake may result in their scores being lowered. For example: it is forbidden that the two give their backs to each other at the same time, and errors such as the drop of a hat or a slips will result in lower scores.[4][34][44] Their costumes are similar to the gala costumes typical of the eighteenth century, but "carnavalized", i.e. with an exaggerated amount of colors and decorations.

Currently, at least since the 90s, the schools of the Special Group of Rio and São Paulo parade usually with three or four pairs of mestre-salas and porta-bandeira, but only the first is evaluated, the other being merely decorative, and optional. Normally, there to represent the school in some events where the main couple is unable to.[45]

The term mestre-sala seems to have been the carnival dances of the nineteenth century, in which there was a professional organization responsible for the hall that was called "master of room" or "master-room." With respect to the porta-bandeira the name was a natural adaptation of the old flag-bearer, character, usually male, who carries the heavy banners of Brazilian carnival groups [4][46] .

Bateria


The bateria is a kind of orchestra of percussion instruments. They accompany the singer and lead the pace of the parade. The faster and stronger pace in the bateria, the faster members usually parade. Each school has, currently, an average 250 to 300 musicians.[4][47] Every bateria is evaluated on "the regular maintenance and support of the cadence ... in accordance with the Samba Theme: the perfect combination of sounds emitted by various tools, the creativity and versatility of the bateria." [34]

The following instrumentation usually form part of a bateria of the samba school: Surdo de primera, surdo de segunda, surdo de terceira, caixa de guerra, repinique, chocalho, tambourim, cuíca, agogô, reco-reco, and frigedeira.[48] There are variations in composition, for example, the samba-school Mangueria, does not use the surdo de segunda, only surdo de primeira and terceira, while the samba-shool Empire Serrano emphasizes the agogô.[49]

In the 1960s came the "Paradinha" ("little stop") of Mestre André, famous director of Mocidade Independente de Padre Miguel, which was in fact the creator of the musical effect in which during the development of the parade, the bateria suddenly stop playing, leaving only the cavaquinho and voice components, to return then, so surprising and exciting. The expected effect, considered beautiful by the critics, is also risky because it increases the chances that the samba "cross" (the term used to describe failures Sambistas usually serious, committed by components of the school, which back in the wrong spot of the letter samba at the expense of others who are singing "together" with the interpreter (handle) of the school.[1][50]

In 1997 the parade was the feeling of the battery Viradouro that at different times during the parade, ran the pace of funk briefly [51] .




The result of the carnival competition



The result of the carnival competition is announced on the afternoon of Ash Wednesday in Rio, and on the afternoon of Tuesday of carnival in São Paulo. In both cities, there is a kind of ceremony where longlines are armed in sambódromo site. Tents are armed position where the representatives of each school, which will annotate the notes as they are being disseminated, making the calculations. The chairman of the league makes the final considerations about the carnival that year, reads the possible loss of points given to each school, and then start reading the notes.

The bleachers are open to the public, and the charge for entry, usually one kilogram of non-perishable food. Both in Rio and in São Paulo, the event, which lasts between a half and hour, is transmitted by television, which puts cameras in real time to monitor the movement of blocks within the main school, the title favorite, where members and fans that sambódromo were not to gather to watch the event from there.[70][71]

The notes currently range between 7 and 10 in Rio and São Paulo, and admitted the decimal fractions in the capital fluminense and fractionation in 25 hundredths in São Paulo.[72] In Rio, all the marks given by all the jurors are valid, while in São Paulo the lowest note of each item is eliminated .[73]

However, this system has changed several times in both cities. In Rio and São Paulo, until the early 2000s, the division was more than half a point, and there have been years when there was also the elimination of major note given to each school, the very removal of the lower notes have also and has ceased to be part of the rule several times. In Rio de Janeiro, the lowest note in the same period was 5, and note the 0 (zero) allowed only in case of failure of the plot.

Often the notes given by the jurors are questioned, both by fans, as by members of schools who are harmed, causing many complaints after the show.[74] Some results have been controversial stop in court. In the case of the school of samba Acadêmicos de Santa Cruz that the dark parade carnival in 1991 because of a blackout and was not evaluated .[75][76] However, in recent years in São Paulo has been the climate of acceptance of the outcome, when in 2007 the president of Tobias Go-Go Live congratulate the Youth Alegre, being greeted by members of the Lemon school the following year.[77]


font: wikipedia in english













below, follows the entire video of the presentation of the samba school Gaviões da Feel (from where I took some pictures showed in this thread);

This year, this samba school in your theme, told the history of the city of Dubai;;;





Last edited by tchelllo; March 31st, 2011 at 10:19 AM.
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