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Old April 10th, 2011, 09:54 PM   #1
Ashis Mitra
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RIO DE JANEIRO | Tram

Rio has the oldest tramway system of South America.

Rio De Janeiro once had a very large tram network (433 Km), which was largest in Brazil. The original operators were Rio de Janeiro Tramway Light and Power Limited, Ferro-Caril do Jar dim Botânico, Viação Elétrica da Ilha do Governador and Companhia Ferro-Carril de Santa Teresa.It had some great tram bridges & tram tunnels, and many outer routes were on reserved track. But except the tram routes of Santa Teresa, all lines were closed step by step, and now the tram of Rio is only 19 Km. long. Current system has meter gauge, but other lines in past was standard gauge.

The remaining tram network is the oldest electric tram of South America, which is still running. In many prospect, it is like a living history. This is one of the very few tram regular tram system of world, which still uses completely open cars & trolley poles. Tramcars have not much changed since forties. It also uses world’s highest tram only bridge (a former aqueduct). This line is now operated by Companhia Estadual de Engenharia de Transportes e Logística

Searching wikipedia typing SANTA TERESA TRAM will give good results. That page originally created by me.




This is the former tram map, compared my present metro map. Note the former tram lines was how gigantically dense in downtown & central area, and expanded to outside areas. Also look there was an isolated tram lines in past at northeast corner. It also served many far areas like Praca Honorio Gurgel, Taquara & Leblon.

POST AS MANY AS PHOTOS OF RIO DE JANEIRO TRAM HERE.
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Old April 18th, 2011, 12:21 AM   #2
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Silvester terminus was once under the balcony of a hotel, but that hotel partly burnt during fifties. After reconstructing, it started terminating just in front of the hotel. After a massive storm, that line closed almost 3 decades. It reopened around 1998, but I heard that route is now closed again.

Has the tram started running again upto Silvester, or this line is still closed, and trams are now terminating in Dois Irmaos?



Probably the highest tram bridge of the world situated in Rio de Janeiro. Formerlt there was another tram track under this bridge.
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Old April 20th, 2011, 05:54 PM   #3
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The main problem of Rio de Janeiro traffic is they closed almost entire tram routes during sixties, but metro lines are currently only 2??? They are not serious. If they really, they can control for closing tram tracks, at least far areas, where tram tracks was reserved, e.g. like Praca Honorio Gurgel, Taquara & Leblon etc.


remains of Sumare route on left


Silvester tram terminus, reopened after many years, but re-closed again some years ago.
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Old April 22nd, 2011, 11:40 PM   #4
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Electric tram on bridge, horse tram on ground.


MG tram on bridge, SG tram is passing under the bridge. After crossing, it was branched many many areas of Rio de Janeiro.
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Old April 22nd, 2011, 11:56 PM   #5
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¿Is there any project to bult modern tram lines for Rio?
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Old April 26th, 2011, 03:58 PM   #6
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I never heard so, but a light rail line is planned.

Please try to answer these -
1) Is there any plan to extending tram network?
2) Reserved or unreserved, - which type of track layout is common in Rio de Janeiro tramway network?
3) Which is the busiest tram terminus?
4) Which termini have interchange facility with metro & suburban rail network?
5) Where is/are the depot(s) of the tramway network?
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Old May 1st, 2011, 04:01 PM   #7
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Current tram vehicles are almost 50 years old. But I think the maintenance is high, so it looks bright yellow.
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Old May 7th, 2011, 12:18 AM   #8
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Current tram. Look the wall painting. It shows Brazilian footballers are celebrating the world cup win with tram.



Is this the former colour scheme? Or a special tourist tram? Please clear.
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Old May 8th, 2011, 11:52 PM   #9
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Old May 12th, 2011, 11:27 AM   #10
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This is the central Rio de Janeiro with very dense tram network. Except the orange line (and the brown rack rail & suburban rail lines) all the vast tramlines has now destroyed.

I’ve found this Portuguese link - http://www.bondesrio.com/

Last edited by Ashis Mitra; May 27th, 2011 at 12:48 AM.
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Old May 19th, 2011, 07:31 PM   #11
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There is a complete list of closed tram routes.

2 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Larangeiras
3 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Larangeiras - Cosme Velho
4 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Pr. General Tibúrcio
5 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Le me (Praça Almirante Julio de Noronha)
7 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Senador Vergueiro - Botafogo - Bambina - São Clemente - Praça Santos Dumont
9 Arsenal da Marinha - Mena Barre to
10 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Marquês de Abrantes - Botafogo - Voluntários da Pátria - Praça Santos Dumont
11 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Voluntários da Pátria - Humaitá - Jar dimBotánico - Praça Santos Dumont - Bartolomeu Mitre - Leblon - Praça Espanha
12 Taboleiro da Bahiana - General Polidoro - Real Grandeza - Túnel velho - Nossa Senhora de Copacabana - Pr. General Osório - Ipanema - Praça Espanha
14 Taboleiro da Bahiana - Pr. General Osório
20 Le me (Praça Almirante Julio de Noronha) - Praça Espanha
21 Praça Julia noMore ira- Botafogo - São Clemente - Humaitá - Jar dimBotánico - Praça Santos Dumont - Bartolomeu Mitre - Leblon - Visconde de Pirajá - Ipanema - Pr. General Osório - Nossa Senhora de Copacabana - Praça Julia noMore ira[Circular route]
24 Estação Dom Pedro II - Botafogo
25 Praça Tiradentes - André Cavalcanti
27 Praça Tiradentes - Praça da República
28 Estação Dom Pedro II - Praça XV Novembro
29 Largo da La pa- Mem de Sá - Gomes Freire - Praça da República - [Estação Dom Pedro II - Marechal Floriano] [back: Buenos Aires] - Primeiro de Março
30 Largo da La pa- Mem de Sá - Lavradio [back: Gomes Freire] - Praça Tiradentes - Assembléia [back: 7 de Setembro] - Primeiro de Março - Arsenal da Marinha
33 Largo da La pa- Mem de Sá [back: Riachuelo] - Estácio - Joaquim Pal hares- Praça da Bandeira
36 Largo da La pa- Mem de Sá [back: Riachuelo] - Cidade Nova - São Cristóvão
40 Ponte dos Marinheiros - Santo Cristo - Gamboa - Sacadura Cabral - Sacadura Cabral [back: Acre - Marechal Floriano - Camerino] - Praça Mauá
42 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Coqueiros
43 Praça Tiradentes - Coqueiros
45 Praça XV Novembro - Pr. Paulo de Front in
46 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Barão de Petrópolis
47 Praça Tiradentes - Sta. Alexandrina
51 Praça Tiradentes - Pr. Paulo de Front in
53 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Praça Argentina
56 Praça Tiradentes - Prefeito Olímpio de Melo
57 Praça Tiradentes - Caju
57* Praça Tiradentes - Praça Padre Seve - Caju (Retiro / Carlos Seidl)
60 Botafogo - Muda
62 Praça Tiradentes - Praça da República - Frei Caneca - Salvador de Sá - Estácio - Haddock Lobo - Afonso Pena - Mariz e Barr os- Barão de Mesquita - [Loop, clockwise: Barão de Mesquita - Barão do Bom Retiro (terminus) - Vila Isabel -]
64 Praça Tiradentes - Pr. Gabriel So ares
66 Praça XV Novembro - Tijuca
67 Praça da Bandeira - Boa Vista
68 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Estácio - Haddock Lobo - Pr. Saens Peña - Uruguai - Barão de Mesquita - Estação do Engenho Novo
69 Praça Tiradentes - Praça da República - Av. Pres. Vargas - Cidade Nova - Praça da Bandeira - Mariz e Barr os- Maracanã - Barão de Mesquita - [Loop, counterclockwise: Vila Isabel - Barão do Bom Retiro (terminus) - Barão de Mesquita -]
70 Praça Tiradentes - Andarai
72 Pr. Saens Peña - Uruguai [back: Barão de Mesquita] - Barão de Mesquita - Barão do Bom Retiro - Stação do Engenho Novo - Méier
74 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Av. Pres. Vargas - Cidade Nova - Praça da Bandeira - Mariz e Barr os- Barão de Mesquita - Vila Isabel - Estação do Engenho Novo
75 Primeiro de Março - Pedro de Carvalho
76 Primeiro de Março - Largo dos Pilares
77 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Pie dade
78 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Estação de Madureira
79 Licínio Cardoso - Estação de Madureira
81 Estação de Triagem - Estação do Meyer
82 Praça Tiradentes - Estação do Meyer
84 Estação do Meyer - Cir neMa ia& José Bonifácio
85 Estação do Meyer - Cachambi
86 Estação do Meyer - Largo dos Pilares
87 Estação do Meyer - Maranhão & Dias da Cruz
90 Estação de Cascadura - Taquara
91 Estação de Cascadura - Freguesia
93 Praça Mauá - [Acre - Marechal Floriano] [back: Senador Pompeu - Camerino - Sacadura Cabral] - Estação Dom Pedro II - Av. Pres. Vargas - Cidade Nova - Figueira de Mello - São Cristóvão - Ben fica- Uranos - Largo da Pen ha
94 Largo de São Francisco de Paula - Largo da Pen ha
97 Madureira (Estação de Magno) - Largo da Pen ha
98 Madureira (Estação de Magno) - Praça Honório Gurgel
99 Praça Mauá - [Acre - Marechal Floriano] [back: Senador Pompeu - Camerino - Sacadura Cabral] - Estação Dom Pedro II - Av. Pres. Vargas - Cidade Nova - Praça da Bandeira - Mariz e Barr os- Praça Maracanã - 24 de Maio - Praça do Engenho Novo - Estação do Meyer

But where were route 1, 6, 8, 13, 15 to 19, 22, 23, 26, 31, 32, 34, 35, 37 to 39, 41, 44, 48 to 50, 52, 54, 55, 58, 59, 61, 63, 65, 71, 73, 80, 83, 88, 89, 92, 95 & 96? Were they closed earlier or not allotted ever?

Please clear.

Current tram routes were operated by different company, which were and still uses destinations only, not route numbers. These are not included.
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Old May 23rd, 2011, 11:42 PM   #12
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The tram cars which are currently in operation are Brazilian-built, are of the cross-bench open sided design, and are fitted with trolley poles.

The downtown terminal of the Tramway is Estaçio Carioca, situated adjacent to the Petrobras Building and above the building's parking lot. No signs are evident, and for a pedestrian the station can be a little difficult to find. An entrance to the Carioca Metro station is nearby, however. Entrance to the single platform is controlled by a single turnstile, next to a window behind which a fare collector is situated. The flat fare is R$0.60, which is the equivalent to approximately US$0.25. Passengers not commencing their journey at Estaçio Carioca pay the conductor on the tram.

There is also a siding beyond where the loop ends, although this is overgrown and shows no sign of any recent use, and is only accessible from the southern direction.

Departing trams are controlled by a signal before exiting the loop, as the next portion is a single track to cross the famous viaduct which spans both a large public square and two roads. Formerly an aqueduct, it is known as "Os Arcos da Lapa" to locals. After having crossed the viaduct, there is a small station with a bench for waiting passengers, whilst at this point the tramway becomes double-tracked. Northbound trams are also controlled by a signal here - the viaduct is the the only signal-controlled section on the tramway. The tram continues climbing towards Santa Teresa, stopping numerous times at stops indicated by nothing more than a yellow 'Bonde' painted on the poles supporting the overhead wires.

Shortly after crossing the viaduct, a single track diverges from the southbound track and proceeds approximately 400m along a side street, before dead-ending at a bump-stop. Whilst the overhead wires are still present the line is disused and has many cars both parked and abandoned on it. This may be the remnants of the Muratori branch, which closed for service during 1966. Proceeding further along the in-service line, the tram reaches the Curvelho station which as its name suggests, is situated on a curve. It is a small island platform with a shelter from the sun.

Leaving Curvelho and heading further uphill, the tram arrives in the heart of Santa Teresa and reaches the Largo dos Guimaraes station, which is the junction where the line splits. One fork diverges to the left towards Dois Irmaos, one to Paula Matos and the third to the right along Rua Carlos Brant. The latter single-line branch is non-revenue track age and extends around 400 metres and terminates at the depot, which also houses a small museum. The arrangement of track at Largo dos Guimaraes is an unusual one; whilst the Paula Matos line continues straight on, the two tracks to and from Dois Irmaos are split, with one being at a higher elevation to the other. Trams heading towards Dois Irmaos must cross from the southbound Paula Matos track to the northbound, 'wrong railing' for a short distance before the southbound Dois Irmaos track splits from the northbound Paula Matos track. A covered platform area sits immediately beyond the split of the two routes, although to access trams heading towards Centro coming from Dois Irmaos it is necessary to climb a stairway to the track.

Continuing on the Dois Irmaos line, the tramway continues to climb through a pleasant neighbourhood until it reaches the terminal. Despite the trams having controls at both ends, they are turned here using a short spur off the southbound track. The car proceeds into the spur, the conductor sets the switch, and then it reverses back out before crossing over onto the correct track and continuing back to Centro. The line actually continues beyond here to Silvestre terminal adjacent to the Corcovado cog railway, although with the exception of two return trips on Saturdays all trams terminate at Dois Irmaos.

The line to Paula Matos departs Largo dos Guimaraes station and soon narrows to a single-track layout to negotiate a particularly tight section. After reverting to double track for a short, straight stretch it again becomes single-tracked to pass through a busy commercial area, climbing steeply as it proceeds. It again reverts to double-tracked layout along Rua Progresso before arriving at the terminal, at Largo des Neves. This consists of a loop arrangement, passing round a small public space.

It would appear that three cars are required to maintain the schedule, operating alternate trips to each of Dois Irmaos and Paula Matos, whilst a fourth car is held as spare at Estaçio Carioca. Having viewed the depot, there would seem to be around ten or more cars owned, although only five were observed in passenger service. Perhaps some cars are unserviceable or are used as sources of spares. Although both the Dois Irmaos and Paula Matos routes are advertised as running every fifteen minutes, punctuality is not a strong point, and there seems to be more of an "as and when we're ready" culture amongst crews regarding departures from the Estaçio Carioca terminal.

In conclusion, the Santa Teresa tram is a wonderfully interesting journey back in time, offering superb views of the city of Rio during a trip on South America's last tram line. Upon arrival at the outer terminal passengers are able to remain on the tram before it returns to Centro; whilst both routes pass through mostly bohemian, placid neighbourhoods, any potential passenger should bear in mind the fact that all guidebooks advise against showing off expensive cameras, and recommend keeping a good hold of any bags, as throughout the trip plenty of teenage boys join the tram for a short distance, hanging off the side rather than using the seats.
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Old May 27th, 2011, 12:47 AM   #13
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This is the downtown Rio de Janeiro with very dense tram network. Except the orange line all the vast tram lines has now destroyed.

Note that Paula Matos route was previously crossed by route 33 & 60 under the present line by a tunnel. What is the present condition of that tunnel?
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Old June 8th, 2011, 07:42 PM   #14
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See how the main terminus Largo da Carioca changed so much, so differently!!!!!!!!!!

http://www.tramz.com/br/rj/st/lc.html
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Old June 9th, 2011, 01:01 PM   #15
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ashis Mitra View Post
I never heard so, but a light rail line is planned.

Please try to answer these -
1) Is there any plan to extending tram network?
2) Reserved or unreserved, - which type of track layout is common in Rio de Janeiro tramway network?
3) Which is the busiest tram terminus?
4) Which termini have interchange facility with metro & suburban rail network?
5) Where is/are the depot(s) of the tramway network?
any carioca? please.
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Old June 12th, 2011, 10:42 PM   #16
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Why all standard gauge tram lines has closed previously, but meter gauge lines survived?
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Old June 24th, 2011, 12:04 AM   #17
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I think the fence on that bridge was fitted after some intentional/unintentional jumping from a moving tram on that bridge in past. Is it true?
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Old July 10th, 2011, 06:36 PM   #18
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ashis Mitra View Post
I never heard so, but a light rail line is planned.

Please try to answer these -
1) Is there any plan to extending tram network?
2) Reserved or unreserved, - which type of track layout is common in Rio de Janeiro tramway network?
3) Which is the busiest tram terminus?
4) Which termini have interchange facility with metro & suburban rail network?
5) Where is/are the depot(s) of the tramway network?
Ok,n sei falar em inglês, então todos os direitos reservados ao google!

1)there was a plan to extend the network of trains SuperVia to Governor's Island, but not know what happened to it.But is currently under construction in Rio metro line 4.
2)I don't know answer that!
3)I'm not sure, but I think the tram station that is located in the center.
4)Central do Brasil station.
5)I don't know!
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Old July 10th, 2011, 06:48 PM   #19
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ashis Mitra View Post
Expansion to General Osório/Ipanema - completed
Line 1A - Completed
Line 3 - The Government rolls!
Uruguai Station - Under construction
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Old July 10th, 2011, 07:21 PM   #20
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I have these two maps a little more current, if you allow me post:
Metrô rio:


SuperVia:
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