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Old April 14th, 2011, 05:23 AM   #1
Jim856796
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MISC | Freeway Removal

From Wikipedia:

Quote:
Freeway removal is a public policy of urban planning designed to create mixed-use urban areas with a concentration of residential, commercial, and other land uses. Also known as activity centres, cities have begun removing poorly planned infrastructure to create parks, waterfronts, and boulevards. In the redevelopment of city landscapes, some cities remove freeways from urban landscapes in an effort to minimize blight and create better land use and smart growth. Freeway removal is an attempt to create transit-oriented development cities that are both walkable and bicycle-friendly.
I have discovered this website about freeway removal projects: http://www.preservenet.com/freeways/index.htm

Some examples of freeways/expressways that have been removed are:
Harbor Drive in Portland
Embarcadero Freeway in San Francisco
Central Freeway in San Francisco
Park East Freeway in Milwaukee
Gardiner Expressway in Toronto
West Side Highway in New York
Robert Moses Parkway in Niagara Falls
Pompidou Expressway in Paris
Cheonggye Freeway in Seoul

There is also a page about freeway removal plans and proposals, such as:
Inner Loop in Rochester
Route 29 in Trenton
Innerbelt in Akron
Whitehurst Freeway in Washington, D.C.
Cleveland Shoreway
Claiborne Expressway in New Orleans
Downtown Loop in Nashville
Route 34 Connector in New Haven
Bonaventure Expressway in Montreal
Metropolitan Expressway in Tokyo
Cahill Expressway in Sydney

Jones Falls Expressway in Baltimore
Alaska Way Viaduct in Seattle
Sheridan expressway in the Bronx
Route 5 in Buffalo
Aetna Viaduct in Hartford
I-81 in Syracuse
I-64 in Louisville
I05 in Portland
Lakeshore Drive in Chicago
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Old April 14th, 2011, 10:45 AM   #2
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Some of the Freeways on your list will be covered will Tunnels instead of removed like NJ 29 , I280 , and I-81 in Syracuse.

NJ 29 Trenton Tunnel - A Park was built ontop.

image hosted on flickr

New Jersey State Route 29 by dougtone, on Flickr

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New Jersey State Route 29 by dougtone, on Flickr

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New Jersey State Route 29 by dougtone, on Flickr
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Old April 14th, 2011, 02:46 PM   #3
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Can anyone believe that Lakeshore Drive in Chicago and a portion of Tokyo's Metropolitan Expressway are on the list? Those teardowns are unlikely to happen. Lakeshore Drive is too much of a thoroughfare for Chicago and the portion on the Metropolitan Expressway was built on top of a river.
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Old April 14th, 2011, 03:08 PM   #4
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I don't see any projects like this in England, as we never really built urban motorways. The only examples I can think of that have been taken out is Birmingham's inner ring road and I think they are wanting to take out Coventry's inner ring road aswell. Sheffield however, has just extended theres in 2006 and Glasgow's inner motorway is also being extended...
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Old April 14th, 2011, 03:45 PM   #5
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We are currently busy removing the freeway from the waterfront here in Oslo, and to turn it into a modern part of the city.

How it used to look like:
image hosted on flickr

Untitled by [email protected], on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Jrgen snaps a picture of the new Oslo Opera house by flutnace, on Flickr

We are now done building a tunnel to replace the freeway from above, and have started to demolish the road. A map showing the tunnel. The old freeway goes above the orange building marked as "opera".


How it looks like now with the freeway getting demolished and put undergroudn:

Taken by Hurban at this forum.

.. And this is how it supposed to looks like in the future. Keep in mind that some of the designs are just placeholders to give a feeling of the urban spaces, but all the highrises are final.












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Old April 14th, 2011, 04:59 PM   #6
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The original list is nuts. It mixes short demolitions (mainly from stubs of never-completed bigger projects), replacements (tunneling) with mere wishful-thinking and daydreaming outright.
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Old April 14th, 2011, 05:45 PM   #7
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I will echo above, many freeway 'removals', such as I-195 in downtown Providence, RI; the former riverfront freeways in Portland, OR; I-93 in downtown Boston, MA; I-30 in downtown Fort Worth, TX; I-40/44 in Oklahoma City, OK (all in the USA), as well as that one in Oslo, were relocations/reroutes of those freeways that corrected serious flaws in their original designs - improving the safety and utility of the obsolete highways while restoring the fabric of their surrounding urban areas - or were removals of short, never-completed stubs.

Mike
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Old April 14th, 2011, 06:05 PM   #8
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Sure, but if you read the quote offered in the OP then I got the impression that was more about removing the freeway from the urban arena. To get it out of sight more or less. This is what we have/are doing in Oslo.
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Old April 14th, 2011, 06:28 PM   #9
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Quote:
I don't see any projects like this in England, as we never really built urban motorways. The only examples I can think of that have been taken out is Birmingham's inner ring road and I think they are wanting to take out Coventry's inner ring road aswell. Sheffield however, has just extended theres in 2006 and Glasgow's inner motorway is also being extended...
In London there are a few which could be buried and built over, but not really removed. Large parts of the North Circular (Brent Cross area, huge potential), parts of the M4 and Westway, A40 (essentially an urban motorway), M1 (extend housing units). There are some in the Eastern half of the city, but I'm not familiar with them.
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Old April 14th, 2011, 08:13 PM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by kerouac1848 View Post
In London there are a few which could be buried and built over, but not really removed. Large parts of the North Circular (Brent Cross area, huge potential), parts of the M4 and Westway, A40 (essentially an urban motorway), M1 (extend housing units). There are some in the Eastern half of the city, but I'm not familiar with them.
Only some parts of the north circular could be buried as not all of it is grade separated.

Here are some before and after photos of Birmingham's inner ring road...
One side still remains with the Queens Way tunnel. The idea is to push out the cars from the inner ring road to the middle ring road.

Before in 1999



After, around 2006. Work is still taking place but most of it has now been turned into a ground level much smaller road...

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Old April 14th, 2011, 10:19 PM   #11
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There not removing Freeways , but alot with get covered with buildings , Parks and Dense housing over the next 2 decades at least through the Downtown areas. A few stubs and absurd freeways will be removed like CT 34 , I-678 ,& I-195 ...Some will be moved either by Tunneling or Boulevard like I-93 , I-278 and Cross Bronx...
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Old April 15th, 2011, 02:00 AM   #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Jim856796 View Post
From Wikipedia:



I have discovered this website about freeway removal projects: http://www.preservenet.com/freeways/index.htm

Some examples of freeways/expressways that have been removed are:
Harbor Drive in Portland
Embarcadero Freeway in San Francisco
Central Freeway in San Francisco
Park East Freeway in Milwaukee
Gardiner Expressway in Toronto
West Side Highway in New York
Robert Moses Parkway in Niagara Falls
Pompidou Expressway in Paris
Cheonggye Freeway in Seoul

There is also a page about freeway removal plans and proposals, such as:
Inner Loop in Rochester
Route 29 in Trenton
Innerbelt in Akron
Whitehurst Freeway in Washington, D.C.
Cleveland Shoreway
Claiborne Expressway in New Orleans
Downtown Loop in Nashville
Route 34 Connector in New Haven
Bonaventure Expressway in Montreal
Metropolitan Expressway in Tokyo
Cahill Expressway in Sydney

Jones Falls Expressway in Baltimore
Alaska Way Viaduct in Seattle
Sheridan expressway in the Bronx
Route 5 in Buffalo
Aetna Viaduct in Hartford
I-81 in Syracuse
I-64 in Louisville
I05 in Portland
Lakeshore Drive in Chicago

Take them down if they are suffering structural problems, nearing the end of life, or are in the way of SOLID, funded development plans.

Boston & San Francisco's removals have opened up new vistas for those cities.

Although the costs & overruns on Boston's Big Dig verged on the borders of the criminal.

Do not take them down if you are just a struggling, declining city (I see a few on the list) looking for a "make work" project to keep your construction contracters from going belly-up.

Taking them down will not stimulate development.

You will just end up with another empty, vacant space.
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Old April 15th, 2011, 02:46 AM   #13
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Might as well scrap two of the freeway proposals (Tokyo and Chicago), Tokyo because if any portion of the Metropolitan Expressway is removed, it will produce missing links, and Chicago because Lakeshore Drive is too much of a thoroughfare and its removal will interfere with the other multilevel streets at the New Eastside.
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Old April 15th, 2011, 03:08 PM   #14
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One thing I hate is water front freeways!
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Old April 15th, 2011, 03:37 PM   #15
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Yep they totally mess up what could be a beautifull waterfront...
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Old April 15th, 2011, 03:50 PM   #16
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In Brussels part of the E40 that runs through the city will get downgraded to a Boulevard.
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Old April 16th, 2011, 06:59 AM   #17
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Removal of "stub" I-895 in the Bronx seems to have been stalled by the state.

Quote:
The future of the Sheridan Expressway is uncertain. The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) proposed expanding the highway in 1997. The plan faced opposition rooted in claims of environmental justice from community groups, which proposed an alternative calling for the river-front expressway to be replaced with affordable housing, schools and green space.

In August 2008 the alternative community plan was under consideration by NYSDOT. The plan gained momentum in July 2010. However, the state opposed the plan to demolish the highway, citing a study showing that local traffic would be worsened. The dispute between the local community and the state DOT has led to a stalemate, what the Daily News called a "crossroads" and "a road to nowhere".
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interstate_895_(New_York)
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Old April 18th, 2011, 07:48 AM   #18
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Don't think there is any freeyway (urban motorway?) removals in Germany. However, its incresingly anticipated to overtunnel them to create new living space and parks. Alos noise and pollution redution is a major argument.

Some exmaples:

Hamburg overtunneling of A7:


Frankfurt: A661 overtunneling:


Aschaffenburg: overtunneling of A3 with solar power plant on top.
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Old April 18th, 2011, 07:58 AM   #19
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Galro View Post
We are currently busy removing the freeway from the waterfront here in Oslo, and to turn it into a modern part of the city.

]
Just love it. Really the most advanced stage of urban planing.
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Old April 18th, 2011, 04:54 PM   #20
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Seoul is a very famous one.
Innercity highway replaced by river and lineair park

In Amsterdam various multi-level innecity semi-highway sollutions have been reverted (or are about to be reverted) to a 'flat' sollution where all traffic mixes again. The underground underpass on the Meester Visser plein for example is redeveloped to a childrens playground.

In the old centre of So Pualo a part of a highway is made underground and covered by a park, but that's not literally 'freeway removal'

Various studies indicate that - in contrast with intuition - in many occasions innercity freeways can be closed without significant increase of traffic in other streets or significant increase of travel time. This is related - among other things - to the self-congestive effect of traffic space. However, these mechanisms should be put to use with care and appropriateness. It's not some magic trick. Its circumstancial.

However, I do believe the use of space has to be a result of true competition. Infrastructure attacts waste of space, somehow. Innercity infrastructural axis - if necessary - are better embedded (boulevard-logic: concentrated traffic-vein for pedestrian, car, bike metro. Penetrable space) than substracted (highway logic: segregated space) from the urban space. It's a simple matter of getting most potential out of the elements of urbanity. Singel-dimensional use is hardly ever defendable as a good way of using space in urban context.

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