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Old May 11th, 2011, 11:20 PM   #21
ed110220
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In some countries the terms "Expressway" and "Parkway" have no specific meaning, just as "Street", "Drive", "Avenue" etc have no specific meanings when they appear in names.

For example in South Africa the Black River Parkway and the Liesbeek Parkway run roughly parallel to each other about 500m apart in Cape Town, but the former is a freeway with limited access etc, while the latter is an ordinary road with traffic lights.

Some Asian countries such as Japan use "Expressway" for roads that would be called "freeway" or "motorway" elsewhere.
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Old May 12th, 2011, 06:37 PM   #22
Cicerón
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In Spain we have autopistas and autovías.

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Autopista has always been the traditional name for high-speed roads. All toll motorways are classified as autopistas, but also some non-tolled motorways are (those built before the 80's).

Autovía is a word invented in the 80's by the Spanish Government to call a cheap kind of dual-carriageways made by simply building a new carriageway next to the old road (and of course building overpasses etcetera). This was made in what today is the A-1 Madrid-Burgos, A-2 Madrid-Zaragoza and A-3/A-31 Madrid-Alicante, which are being refurbished to modern standards nowadays.

Modern toll-free motorways (those built from the 90's, i.e. most of the Spanish network) are classified as autovías, even if there are no technical differences between them and modern tolled autopistas.


A further explanation can be found here.
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