daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Asian Forums > India > South > South India Projects > Tamil Nadu



Reply

 
Thread Tools Rating: Thread Rating: 140 votes, 4.98 average.
Old December 21st, 2011, 04:48 PM   #201
murlee
ВANNED
 
murlee's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2009
Location: Chennai/Faridabad
Posts: 10,493
Likes (Received): 3918

TN Govt inks MoU wih APEDA

Quote:
Tamil Nadu government today inked a MoU with the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), to establish cold storage facilities in three districts of the state. The cold storage facilities will come up at Oddanchathiram (Dindigul dt), Dindivanam (Villupuram dt) and Coimbatore at a cost of Rs 1.10 crore with 75 per cent financial assistance from APEDA, which comes under the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The three facilities will be set up with a capacity of 15-25 tonnes, a government release here said.
http://ibnlive.in.com/generalnewsfee...da/940660.html
murlee no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
 
Old December 21st, 2011, 05:09 PM   #202
murlee
ВANNED
 
murlee's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2009
Location: Chennai/Faridabad
Posts: 10,493
Likes (Received): 3918

Innovative announcement!! Well done...


Prize money for best paddy output: TN CM


Quote:
Towards betterment in agricultural production, Tamilnadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa today announced that the best paddy production would receive a prize money of Rs 5 lakh from the State government, and a shield worth Rs 3,500 has been allotted for the purpose.
.
The prize would be given away by the Chief Minister herself on Republic Day.

An official press release issued here said this move by the Chief Minister would pave way for rise in agricultural production. The farmers who participate in this competition, should be using at least 50 cent of land area. The requirement of this competition is: One acre of land should produce a minimum of 2,500 kg of paddy.

The competition would be held in all districts except Chennai and Nilgiris.

The press release said that agriculture today depended on new machinery and new technology. To induce interest in farmers about the use of the new technology and to bring forth a second round of Green Revolution, this step had been taken. It can also kindle more concern among the farmers for more procurement.
http://newstodaynet.com/newsindex.ph...0&%20section=6
murlee no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 22nd, 2011, 03:33 AM   #203
ganie006
தஞ்சை மைந்தன் Ganesh Anbu
 
ganie006's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Location: Thanjavur/Riyadh
Posts: 3,206
Likes (Received): 1241

Samba transplantation yet to touch target; thaladi exceeds




Samba transplantation has been completed in 97,111 hectares in the district till Wednesday against the target of 1.05 lakh hectares. Agriculture department officials are hopeful of achieving the target. However, with respect to thaladi crop, which was raised after the harvest of short-term kuruvai, the target has been exceeded. Transplantation has been finished in 36,334 hectares against 30,000 hectares.

Farmers have raised CR1009 as the major variety under samba, along with ADT 38, ADT 39, and ADT 46. In areas such as Orathanadu and Pattukottai, samba harvest has commenced, and will reach its peak during Pongal. Agriculture department officials said the yield was 6.45 tonnes on an average per hectare. It has been planned to raise rice fallow pulses in 30,000 hectares after the samba harvest at Orarthanadu and Pattukottai.

Agriculture department has a stock of about 265 tonnes of black gram and green gram seeds. "We have ADT3 variety of black gram seeds and ADT3 variety of green gram seeds,” said Rajkumar, Joint Director of Agriculture (in charge).

Under National Agriculture Development Programme (NADP), pulses seeds are supplied with Rs.8 as subsidy per kilo. One kilo of seeds costs Rs.73. Under seed village concept, pulses seeds are supplied at 50 per cent subsidy. Pulses will be raised in 6,000 hectares under seed village concept in the district this year.

In Tiruvarur district, samba transplantation has been completed in 1,09,593 hectares, and thaladi in 37,148 hectares.
ganie006 está en línea ahora   Reply With Quote
Old December 22nd, 2011, 04:03 AM   #204
ganie006
தஞ்சை மைந்தன் Ganesh Anbu
 
ganie006's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Location: Thanjavur/Riyadh
Posts: 3,206
Likes (Received): 1241

‘Freebies and subsidies only destroy agriculture and production’

M. J. PRABU
SHARE · COMMENT · PRINT · T+

The Hindu PLANNING A MUST: Kulandaisamy at his farm in Thanjavur. Photo; S.S. kumar
RELATED
TOPICS
science and technology
agricultural research and technology

“It is a well known fact that the rural agricultural economy is in dire crisis today. Whether the government is aware of this or is deliberately ignoring farmers’ issues is a million dollar guess,” says Mr. R. Kulandaisamy a leading farmer and owner of Tari Bio-Tech, Thanjavur.

Prices plummet soon after harvest and traders refuse to buy the produce due to high stocks and volatile price fluctuations.

“The fluctuation in price or absence of buyers is mainly due to excess production of a single commodity. For main cereals such as paddy and wheat the government fixed a minimum price but today they are not able to purchase the entire quantity from farmers at that price,” says Mr. Kulandaisamy.

“If the farmer cannot sell the produce how can he get back his investment? A sugar factory is aware of its cane requirement and plans planting only for that requirement. Similarly Government must decide on its annual food grain requirement and decide to what extent crops need to be cultivated. But sadly that never happens,” he says.

The State agriculture department must select the most suited districts or taluks in terms of soil, water availability, and climate. Based on this, each area must be provided a target area of cultivation and season of cultivation.

“If this can be adopted then our resources will be saved – for instance Tiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu is suited only for paddy. But we find Ramnad farmers also growing paddy in spite of severe water shortage. Instead, these farmers can try to cultivate pulse or ground nut and get two harvests in a year,” explains Mr. Kulandaisamy.

While fixing the price, the Government should pay attention to the extent crops need to be grown. “If they do this, there will not be excess production and consequently any marketing problem,” he reasons.

Similarly each and every cropping pattern needs to be planned by the government before permitting farmers to cultivate. Even today a general belief exists that there is a shortage of cultivable lands.

“If the cultivable land availability is more, then the government needs to look at export market and fix a rate at least close to the international rate for the produce as well as the cultivation cost involved for a reasonable profit,” asserts the farmer.

One of the main reasons for declining produce is the freebies and subsidies. They are destroying agriculture and our lives, according to Mr. K. Tharsius his son.

Since power and water are provided free, a farmer does not feel the need to plan nor devise any improvised method to minimize their usage. “If farmers are charged for electricity it will help improve their efficiency in minimizing this scare resource,” says Mr. Tharsius.

Another impediment is the availability of fertilizers and chemicals. India is dependent on other countries and hence rates are increasing day by day. There are chances of these chemical fertilizers getting exhausted. The permanent solution is only through some renewable sources such as bio-fertilizers and organic manures, according to Mr. Kulandaisamy.

“It is high time the Government seriously starts thinking in proactive measures to revamp our agriculture system. The negative trend in agriculture today is bound to create adverse impact on the overall health of our nation’s economy. We need to find new avenues to keep farmers on the farm, attract new people to take up farming, and make agriculture profitable since it is the backbone of our country,” says Mr. Tharsius.

Mr. R. Kulandaisamy and Tharsius can be reached at email:tari_hitech@yahoo.com, website: www.tarigroup.com, mobiles: 98430-59117 and 98434-39909 .
ganie006 está en línea ahora   Reply With Quote
Old December 22nd, 2011, 09:55 AM   #205
N.kumar
Registered User
 
Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 1,640
Likes (Received): 102

The Government of Tamil Nadu has expressed keen interest to provide ‘soil health cards’ to each and every marginal farmers within a period of three years.

As per current records, there are about 82 lakh farm holdings in Tamil Nadu, of which 90 per cent are marginal and small farm holdings, with an average size of 0.83 hectare per holding. Therefore, it is proposed to analyze 25 lakh soil samples per year.

To achieve this mammoth task, the Government held several discussions with the with the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University officials.

Student numbers

There are 11 constituent colleges and four affiliated colleges of Tamil Nadu Agriculture University with about 5,000 students spread over in various districts of Tamil Nadu.

“The students will be shortly engaged during holidays and weekends to collect soil samples and also data on farm holding profile such as, farmers name, survey number, land area, source of irrigation, farm machinery owned by farmers, number of wells, livestock, etc,” says Dr. P. Murugesa Boopathi, Vice Chancellor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU).

“About 15 to 20 soil samples can be collected by each student in a day for which they would be given remuneration of Rs. 100 per day.,” he says. This system is similar to the facilities available to students studying in US and Canada where they can also earn by undertaking curricular oriented work.

The students can be engaged during evening hours between 6-10 PM to analyze 500 soil samples per student per month in all the 10 constituent colleges.

Necessary facilities required for soil analysis will be provided to them according to Dr. Boopathi.

For this, an incentive of Rs. 1,500 will be paid to each student per month to analyze 500 soil samples, which will facilitate them to cover their mess bill and other imminent curricular oriented expenses, thereby reducing the burden of their parents for the education of their children.

Vital task

The University together with its scientist’s team and students will actively engage in this enormous and vital task of preparing soil health card for each of the 75 lakh marginal and small farm holdings in Tamil Nadu along with the Department of agriculture.

For more details about the programme those inetrested can contact Dr. P. Murugesa BoopathiVice – Chancellor, TNAU, Coimbatore, email: vc@tnau.ac.in, Phone: 0422 2431788.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper...cle2736674.ece
N.kumar no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 26th, 2011, 02:41 AM   #206
Arul Murugan
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jun 2006
Location: Salem-Chennai
Posts: 16,457
Likes (Received): 2761

Interserting statistics on Uzhavar santhai in Salem district. Looks to be very sucessful one

* 11 farmers market in Salem dt makes 65 crore rupees turn over for 8months - 243days - 26.76lakhs rupees per day - 2.43lakh rupees per day per market on an average.

* 44,082 tons of vegetables are sold in 243 days - 181.41 tons per day and avg 16.5 tons per day per farmer's market.

* 2.61lakhs farmers sold their vegetables for 243days, per day 1076farmers use this 11 markets. Approx 98 farmers use per market per day.

* 83.507lakhs consumers used these 11markets for 243days. 34365 consumers are using this market daily. On an average 3124 consumers are using per market per day.

From above we can calculate the following.

* Per day per consumer spending - 77.78 rupees.
* No. of KG of vegetables purchased by consumer per day - 5.28KG
* No. of consumers per day per farmer - 32 approx
* Per day earnings per farmer - 2479 rupees
.

11 உழவர் சந்தைகளில் 8 மாதத்தில் 65 கோடி ரூபாய்க்கு காய்கறி விற்பனை

* சூரமங்கலத்தில், 9,303 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாக, 14 கோடியே 21 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. இங்கு, 56,082 விவசாயிகளும், 17 லட்சத்து 10 ஆயிரத்து 834 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* அம்மாபேட்டையில், 3,772 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாக, ஐந்து கோடியே 57 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. இங்கு, 19, 297 விவசாயிகளும், 9 லட்சத்து 43 ஆயிரத்து 498 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* ஆத்தூரில், 6,965 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாக, ஒன்பது கோடியே 8 லட்சம் ரூபாய் மதிப்பில் விற்பனையானது. இங்கு, 38, 353 விவசாயிகளும், 13 லட்சத்து 91 ஆயிரத்து 610 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* தாதகாபட்டியில், 6,927 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாகி, 10 கோடியே 93 லட்சம் ரூபாய் மதிப்பில் விற்பனையானது. 46,292 விவசாயிகளும், 12 லட்சத்து 80 ஆயிரத்து 629 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* ஆட்டையாம்பட்டியில், 1,298 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாக, ஒரு கோடியே 97 லட்சம் ரூபாய் மதிப்பில் விற்பனையானது. 12,490 விவசாயிகளும், மூன்று லட்சத்து 27 ஆயிரத்து 763 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* மேட்டூரில், 3, 976 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தும், ஐந்து கோடியே 64 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. 17,744 விவசாயிகளும், 7 லட்சத்து 94 ஆயிரத்து 686 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* அஸ்தம்பட்டியில், 3,019 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாகி, நான்கு கோடியே 59 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. இங்கு, 18,408 விவசாயிகளும், 6 லட்சத்து 30 ஆயிரத்து, 375 நுகர்வோரும் வருந்துள்ளனர்

* இளம்பிள்ளையில், 2,054 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாகி, மூன்று கோடியே 29 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. இங்கு, 17, 221 விவசாயிகளும், ஐந்து லட்சத்து 13 ஆயிரத்து 190 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* தம்மம்பட்டியில், 2, 587 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாகி, நான்கு கோடியே 44 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு காய்கறியும் விற்பனையானது. 10, 245 விவசாயிகளும், ஐந்து லட்சத்து 11 ஆயிரத்து 855 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* ஜலகண்டாபுரத்தில், 2,275 டன் காய்கறியும், மூன்று கோடியே 47 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. இங்கு, 14,891 விவசாயிகளும், ஐந்து லட்சத்து 68 ஆயிரத்து 520 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

* இடைப்பாடியில், 1,900 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாகி, இரண்டு கோடியே 80 லட்சம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்பனையானது. 10,650 விவசாயிகளும், நான்கு லட்சத்து 72 ஆயிரத்து 512 நுகர்வோரும் வந்துள்ளனர்

11 உழவர் சந்தைகளிலும், மொத்தம் 44 ஆயிரத்து 82 டன் காய்கறி வரத்தாக, 65 கோடியே 4 லட்சம் ரூபாய் மதிப்பில் விற்பனை நடந்துள்ளது என, வேளாண்மை துறை அதிகாரிகள் கூறினர்

http://www.dinamalar.com/district_detail.asp?id=373876
__________________
Click on---->



அருள் முருகன்
தமிழ்நாடு/இந்தியா
Arul Murugan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 26th, 2011, 02:44 AM   #207
Arul Murugan
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jun 2006
Location: Salem-Chennai
Posts: 16,457
Likes (Received): 2761



Looks farmer markets are silent sucess one in the state. Kalaignar owns the credit for this. I hope amaiyar keeps this scheme alive and also extend it to every Town panchayats level in the state and also modernize the farmer markets.
__________________
Click on---->



அருள் முருகன்
தமிழ்நாடு/இந்தியா
Arul Murugan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 26th, 2011, 02:59 AM   #208
chennaidesi
Registered User
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Philadelphia/Chennai
Posts: 3,020
Likes (Received): 235

Quote:
Originally Posted by murlee View Post
Innovative announcement!! Well done...


Prize money for best paddy output: TN CM




http://newstodaynet.com/newsindex.ph...0&%20section=6
Good initiave I always feel competition brings best in People and also it a big fun and good PR activity.
And also TN should vigorosuly follow methods and technique to reduce water consumption and also all the farm workers should be elevated to other skills.
It is really sickening to fight with others for water.

As a proud guy I can say TN is the first state to make Agriculture or primary sector less than 10 percent in GDP proving we are very urban.

I think it is a bonus TN has kerala who dont produce Agri food items enabling TN farmers more bigger market and also Bangalore.

Last edited by chennaidesi; December 26th, 2011 at 03:07 AM.
chennaidesi no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 30th, 2011, 07:05 PM   #209
bonoslack7
Registered User
 
bonoslack7's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2008
Location: Paramathi Velur
Posts: 3,934
Likes (Received): 17

Israel to help boost farm output in 7 Indian states

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/...w/11308106.cms

Israel will launch a plan in seven Indian states to boost agriculture productivity and help local farmers with technical know-how.

"The new action plan will be launched in April in the Indian states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu," Yahel Vilan, Deputy Chief of Mission of the Embassy of Israel in New Delhi told reporters here today.

"Main objective of the new plan is to run activities in cooperation with state governments and local experts which can enhance productivity and benefit local farmers with know-how and technologies of Israel. We hope to have more than 30 projects under the plan," he said.

The Embassy's Agriculture Counsellor Uri Rubinsein said they work with National Horticulture Mission (NHM) for sharing of technologies. He added that the Israeli techniques for a sustainable agriculture will be imparted to local farmers with the help of Indian experts to enable them to produce a quality crop in reasonable cost and help them yielding high results.

"Farmers will be able to see a demonstration of even simple technologies like drip irrigation or any other mechanism and technique which can lead to great achievement," he said.

A few projects with the cooperation of Israel are already running in parts of Rajasthan, Haryana etc. The activities will be related with different fields including cultivation and water management-treatment, he added.
bonoslack7 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 1st, 2012, 06:36 PM   #210
kongutamizhan
Registered User
 
kongutamizhan's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2010
Location: Chicago
Posts: 7,764
Likes (Received): 2137

http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/...cle2766413.ece

Coimbatore, Jan 1:

Maize farmers, who do not have the wherewithal to store the produce on harvest, are advised to sell it immediately as farm economists do not foresee any upward movement in the price of maize till April.

After analysing the market movements that prevailed in Udumalpet market for over 15 years, sources at Domestic and Export Market Intelligence Cell (DEMIC) functioning in Centre for Agricultural Rural Development Studies (CARDS) at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) perceive that the price of maize would hover around Rs 1050 and Rs 1100 per quintal till April 2012. Thereafter, the prices are expected to look up, increase by Rs 100 a quintal to Rs 1200.

DEMIC has also cited trade sources of hinting about a possible supply crunch after March, leading to a spiralling increase in the price, beyond the Rs 1200/quintal mark.

Around 11.44 lakh tonnes of maize is produced in the state annually. The major maize growing districts are Perambalur, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Salem, Erode, Virudhunagar, Villipuram, Theni, Tirunelveli and Tiruchirapalli districts, contributing to 90 per cent of the area and production.

The poultry firms in the State procure maize from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh till end December as the Tamil Nadu crop arrivals start only from January. Thereafter, the consuming sector (poultry industry) buy the harvested maize in bulk and build their inventory for the coming months.

DEMIC sources said the global demand for maize in the ethanol sector was strong to support increased production.
__________________
If you claim to be APOLITICAL, join me. You belong to my line of work - Al Capone
kongutamizhan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 7th, 2012, 09:54 AM   #211
arun82
Registered User
 
arun82's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Posts: 3,486
Likes (Received): 1317

TN sugar units seek purchase tax relief

Dharani Sugars and Chemicals has welcomed the decision of the Tamil Nadu Government to raise the minimum support price for sugarcane to Rs. 2,100 per tonne from Rs. 2,000 per tonne earlier.

In a statement, Palani Periasamy, Chairman of the company, lauded the Chief Minister who had also declared that she would give priority consideration for restarting the ethanol plant. “Even though the industry is going through a difficult time, this increase in cane price is something which she could not avoid. She has to strike a balance between the interest of the industry and the welfare of the farmers. Considering the current situation, her decision is very fair and equitable.” he added. He was hopeful that the Chief Minister would give the industry some relief by removing the purchase tax if not forever, until the sugar industry situation improved.

The decision to encourage ethanol production in Tamil Nadu would have a far reaching impact on the macro economic situation in India, he said. “We are spending huge amount on import of oil. Ethanol is good and viable alternative to reduce our dependence of oil on foreign countries.

Like Brazil, India being the second largest producer of sugar, we must also push forward to ethanol production, which will reduce the outflow on foreign exchange. Sugar industry is suffering because of low price in sugar.

However, if the Government encourages ethanol production, it may become a healthy industry to a great extent in terms of maintaining a healthy financial situation”, he said.

http://www.thehindu.com/business/Ind...cle2781002.ece
arun82 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 7th, 2012, 10:07 AM   #212
arun82
Registered User
 
arun82's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Posts: 3,486
Likes (Received): 1317

India: Coconut production to rise 10%


Coconut production is expected to be robust this year due to good demand for tender coconut and coconut oil across the country. The main production season is from January till March. In Kerala, the normal annual production is around six billion nuts and is likely to go up 10 per cent this year, according to growers’ estimates from various centres. As the average price of tender coconut has increased to Rs 20 each, farmers are active in producing this commodity, especially in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Traders told Business Standard production would be higher in Tamil Nadu this year as the acreage had increased. The area under cultivation has increased to 390,000 hectares from 367,000 hectares last year.

Likewise, acreage has increased in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka during the past three-four years. Tamil Nadu has the highest productivity (nuts produced per hectare) in India at 13,771 nuts. In Andhra, this is 9,327, while in Kerala this is 7,365 nuts only, though Kerala tops the chart with 790,000 hectares in area under cultivation. As the production is on a rise, coconut oil is on a downward mode. The wholesale price is steady since the last few days at Rs 7,650 a quintal here. Market experts do not view an upward swing in the price line, but expect a reduction due to the seasonal increase in production.

Coconut oil peaked to an all-time high of Rs 10,400 a quintal in May, finding a southward route after that. According to the data by the Cochin Oil Merchants Association (COMA), the market touched the lowest at Rs 7,500 a quintal in October, peaked to Rs 8,400 a quintal in November and Rs 8,300 a quintal in December. As the supply from Tamil Nadu increased and due to a sharp fall in demand, the market plunged below Rs 8,000 a quintal mark in the last week of December. On December 27, price fell to Rs 7,750 a quintal and then to Rs 7,650 a quintal.

According to Thalath Mohamed, president, COMA, the fall in demand from north India had affected prices in December. He added that according to the current parameters, the price might move on a rather steady note, with minor fluctuations. As supply from Kerala increases, market experts see a further downward movement of prices when summer season starts.


Source: business-standard.com

Publication date: 1/6/2012


http://www.freshplaza.com/news_detail.asp?id=91277
arun82 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 9th, 2012, 04:43 AM   #213
krishnaswamy
Krishna
 
krishnaswamy's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2010
Location: Chennai/Thanjavur
Posts: 9,969
Likes (Received): 2922

தமிழக நதிகளை இணைக்க வேண்டும்: கலாம் யோசனை

Posted Date : 08:01 (09/01/2012)Last updated : 08:01 (09/01/2012)

சென்னை: தமிழக நதிகளை இணைக்க நடவடிக்கை எடுக்க வேண்டும் என்று அரசுக்கு முன்னாள் ஜனாதிபதியும், அறிவியல் விஞ்ஞானியுமான ஏ.பி.ஜெ.அப்துல் கலாம் யோசனை தெரிவித்தார்.

அவ்வாறு நதிகளை இணைந்தால் தண்ணீருக்காக, அண்டை மாநிலங்களை நம்பியிருக்க வேண்டிய அவசியம் ஏற்படாது என்றும் அவர் கூறினார்.

சென்னை புத்தகக் காட்சியில் ஞாயிற்றுகிழமை நடைபெற்ற நிகழ்ச்சியில் சிறப்புரையாற்றிய அவர் மேலும் கூறியது:

"இந்த வாரத்தில் 2 தமிழ் புத்தகங்களை அருமையான, வாழ்க்கைக்கு மிகவும் உபயோகமான புத்தகங்களை படித்தேன். ஒன்று விவசாயத்தைப் பற்றியது, எப்படி விவசாயம் ஒரு லாபகரமான தொழிலாக மாறிஇருக்கிறது என்பதைப்பற்றியும், இன்னொரு புத்தகம், எப்படி செயற்கைக்கோள் தொழில் நுட்பம் நதிகளை பற்றி அறிந்து கொண்டு நம்மை வளப்படுத்த உதவுகிறது என்பதாகும்.

தமிழ்நாடு வேளாண்மை பல்கலைக்கழகத்தை சேர்ந்த முனைவர் இ. வடிவேல் தலைமையிலான ஆசிரியர் குழு உழுதவன் கணக்கு (துல்லிய பண்ணையத்தில் பயிர் பாதுகாப்பு அனுபவங்கள்) என்ற ஒரு அருமையான புத்தகத்தை எழுதியிருக்கிறார்கள். இந்த புத்தகத்தில் எனக்கு மிகவும் பிடித்த பகுதி, துல்லிய பண்ணைய திட்டத்தின் மூலம் கடைப்பிடிக்கப்பட்ட சிறு சிறு தொழில்நுட்ப மாற்றங்கள், பெரும் செலவை குறைத்தது மட்டுமின்றி அதிக விளைச்சலையும், நஞ்சற்ற உணவையும் பெற உறுதுணையாக இருந்தது என்பதைப்பற்றி விளக்குகிறார்.

எப்படி ஓரு புதுமையான திட்டத்தை வேளாண்மையில் புகுத்தி அதைக்கடைப்பிடிப்பதினால் விவசாயிகளின் வாழ்க்கையில் மாற்றத்தை கொண்டுவர இயலும், அது மட்டமல்ல அவர்களின் தனிநபர் வருமானத்தை உயர்த்த முடியும் என்பதைப்பற்றி மிகவும் அழகாக எழுதியுள்ளார். அதில் 5 முக்கிய விஷயம் என்னவென்றால்.

* உளிக்கலப்பை உழவு கோடையில் செய்தால் கோரை முழுமையாக கட்டுப்படுவதுடன், மழை நீர் சேகரிப்பு, நிலத்தடி நீர் மட்டம் உயருதல், மழை நீர் தேங்காமல் இருப்பதால் வேரழுகல், வாடல் மற்றும் பூச்சிகள் இவற்றிலிருந்து விடுதலையும் கிடைத்தது என்கிறார். 2. சொட்டு நீர் அமைப்பு மூலம் நீர் வழங்குவதால் தேவையான நீர் மட்டுமே செடிக்கு கிடைக்கும். இதனால் நீர் விரையம் தவிர்க்கப்பட்டு களை, பூஞ்சாமை மற்றும் பூச்சிகள் வளர்ச்சி குறைக்கப்பட்டது என்கிறார்.

* துல்லிய பண்ணையத்தில் நிலம் தயார் செய்ய உளிக்கலப்பை, கொக்கிக்கலைப்பை, சட்டிக்கலைப்பை மற்றும் உழவின் முடிவில் மேட்டுப்பாத்தி அமைப்பதாலும் மண் பொலபொலப்பாக இருப்பதாலும் முதல் பயிரின் முடிவில் அடுத்த பயிர் நடவுசெய்யலாம். குறிப்பாக தக்காளிக்கு பின்னர் பீன்ஸ், டபுள் பீன்ஸ், பீர்க்கன், பாகல், வெள்ளரி, நடவு செய்வதால் அடுத்த உழவு செய்யவேண்டிய அவசியம் இல்லை. இதனால் குறைந்தது ஏக்கருக்கு ரூ 2000 முதல் ரூ 2800 வரை சேமிக்கலாம் என்கிறார்.

* களைகளை கட்டுப்படுத்தபடுவதால் 25-30 சதம் உரம் விரயமாவது தடுக்கப்பட்டு 5-10 சதம் வரை கூடுதல் மகசூல் பெற முடிந்தது. பெரும்பாலான பூச்சி, வைரஸ், பூஞ்சானங்களுக்கு களைகள் புகலிடமாக திகழும். ஆனால் துல்லிய பண்ணையத்தில் களைகள் முற்றிலும் அகற்றப்படுவதால், பூச்சி மற்றும் நோய் சேதம் படிப்படியாக குறைக்கப்பட்டு இறுதியில் கட்டுக்கள் கொண்டு வரமுடியும் என்கிறார்.

* சொட்டுநீர் அமைப்பு மூலம் தண்ணீரும், உரமும் செல்வதால் தேவையற்ற உரம் விரயமாவது தடுக்கப்படுகிறது. பயிரின் வளர்ச்சிக்கேற்ப உரம் தரப்படுவதால், நோய் மற்றும் பூச்சி வளர்ச்சிக்கேற்ப உரம் தரப்படுவதால், நோய் மற்றும் பூச்சி எதிர்ப்பு திறன் பெற்று கூடுதல் மகசூல் கிடைக்கவும் எதிர்ப்பு திறன் பெற்று கூடுதல் மகசூல் கிடைக்கவும் ஏதுவாகிறது. சாதாரண முறையில் உரமிடுவதால் 20 சதம் வரை விரையமாக அதிக வாய்ப்புள்ளது. ஆனால் இங்கு 95 சதம் வரை உரம் செடிக்கு நேரிடையாக சென்றடைகிறது.

இந்த மாதிரி புத்தகங்கள் படித்த விவசாயிகளின் வாழ்க்கை எப்படி விஞ்ஞானமும், தொழில் நுட்பமும் விவசாயியின் வாழ்க்கைக்கு ஒரு வளமான மாற்றத்தை கொண்டுவர முடியும் என்பதை விளக்குகிறது. அப்படி ஒரு மாற்றத்தை ஒரு புத்தகம் கொண்டுவரும் என்றால், அப்படிப்பட்ட புத்தகம் தான், அதைப்படிக்கும் ஒருவருக்கு அள்ள அள்ள குறையாத கற்பக விருட்சகமாக இருக்க முடியும்.

புத்தகம் நம் வாழ்வில் ஒவ்வொரு பகுதியிலும் இன்றியமையாததாக இருக்கிறது, நம்முடன் நம் வாழ்க்கப்பயணத்தில் நடந்து வருகிறது, இன்ப துன்பத்தில் பங்கு பெற்று, நம்பிக்கை விதையை விதைத்து, வாழ்வை செவ்வனே நடத்த நம்மை செம்மைப்படுத்துகிறது, நமது வாழ்க்கையை மேம்படுத்த அறிவையும், தொழில்நுட்பத்தையும் கொடுக்கிறது, வாழும் முறையை அனுபவத்தின் அடிப்படையில் சொல்லிக்கொடுக்கிறது, நமது கலாச்சாரத்தை, வரலாற்றை, அடுத்த அடுத்த தலைமுறைக்கு எடுத்து செல்கிறது, சமூக பொருளாதார சித்தாந்தத்தை, வளர்ச்சிக்கான அரசியலை சொல்லிக்கொடுக்கிறது.

எவ்வளவு தூரம் கடந்திருக்கிறோம் என்பதில் நம் ஊக்கம் மலர்வதில்லை, இன்னும் எவ்வளவு தூரம் கடக்க இருக்கிறோம் என்கிற சிந்தனைதான் ஊக்கத்தை மலரச் செய்கிறது. நமக்கான வழிகளைப் புலரச் செய்கிறது. அந்த சிந்தனைகளை, வழிகளை நமக்கு புலப்படுத்தும் கருவிதான் புத்தகங்கள்.

இப்படி புத்தகத்தின் பயன்கள் கணக்கிலடங்கா. எனவே தினமும் புத்தகம் படிப்பது வாழ்வில் இன்றியமையாதது ஆகும். தற்காலிக சந்தோஷங்களுக்குத் தலை கொடு்த்து விடாமல் அபாரமான சாதனைகளை நிகழ்த்த முனைபவர்களால்தான் உலகின் வளர்ச்சி உவப்படைகிறது. உலகின் வளர்ச்சியில் உங்கள் பங்கு அவசியம்தானே, அபாரமான சாதனைகளுக்கு அச்சாரமிடுங்கள், புத்தகங்களை படிப்பதன் மூலம்.

நதிநீர் இணைப்பு...

சமீபத்தில் நான் படித்த இரண்டாவது புத்தகம், காந்திகிராம கிராமிய பல்கலைக்கழகத்தின் துணைவேந்தர் டாக்டர் சோம. இராமசாமி அவர்கள் எழுதிய செயற்கைக்கோள்களின் பார்வையில் தமிழக நதிகளியல் என்ற ஒரு அற்புதமான ஆய்வுக்கட்டுரையை மக்களுக்கு புரியும் விதத்தில் எளிமையாக புத்தகமாக வெளியிட்டுள்ளார்.

அதாவது அவர் சொல்கிறார், நதிகளை நாம் ஒரு நீர் வழங்கும் இயந்திரம் என்ற அளவிலேதான் பார்க்கிறோமேயொழிய நதிகளின் வாழ்க்கை வரலாறுகளைப் பற்றியும் அதன் இயங்கியல் பற்றியும் (River histories and Dynamics) அதனால் உள்ள பல்முனை நன்மைகளைப்பற்றியும் நாம் சிந்திப்பதே இல்லை.

நதிகளின் பிறப்பு, அவை ஒடும் விதம், அவற்றின் பாதைகளிலே ஏற்படும் மாற்றங்கள், மலைப்பகுதி, சமவெளிப்பகுதி மற்றும் கடலோரப்பகுதி ஆகியவற்றில் நிகழும் நதிகளின் செயல்பாடுகளை நாம் ஆராய்ந்து கணித்தோமேயானால், இந்நதிகள் நீர்வழங்கும் அமுத சுரபி மட்டும் அல்ல, அவை பூமியின் மேற்பரப்பியல் மற்றும் அவற்றில் ஏற்படும் மாற்றங்கள், பூமிக்கு கீழே நடைபெறும் புவியியல் மாற்றங்கள், கனிம வளம், பூமி நகரும் தன்மை மற்றும் பூகம்பம், கடலுக்கும் நதிகளுக்கும் இடையே நடைபெறும் செயல்பாடுகள், கடல்மட்ட மாறுதல்கள், கடந்த கால வெள்ளங்கள் மற்றும் எதிர்கால வெள்ளங்களின் கணிப்பு, காலநிலை மாற்றம், பண்டைய நாகரீகம், அணைகள், நீர்த்தேக்கங்கள் அமைக்க ஏதுவான இடங்கள் ஆகியவற்றைப் பற்றிய உண்மைகளையும் மற்றும் சான்றுகளையும் தன்னிடத்தே கொண்டுள்ளன என்பது புலனாகும்.

ஆகவே நதிகளின் வாழ்க்கையில் குறுக்கிடாமலும் அவற்றின் வளம் குன்றாமல் நதிகளின் வளத்தைப்பயன்படுத்தினால் நதிகளைப் பாதுகாப்பதோடு எதிர்காலச் சந்ததியினருக்கு விட்டுச் செல்ல முடியும் என்பதை மிகவும் அழகாக, செயற்கைக்கோள் படங்களின் மூலம் இன்னும் எவ்வளவு நாம் அறிந்து கொள்ளவேண்டும், நதிகளைப்பற்றி புரிந்து கொள்ளவேண்டும் என்பதை மிகவும் அருமையாக விளக்குகிறார்.

இதில் என்னைக்கவர்ந்த ஒரு பகுதி காவிரி ஆற்றைப்பற்றியது. அவரது எண்ணங்களின் படி செயற்கைக்கோள்கள் மூலம் காவிரி வடிநிலத்தில் வடதமிழ் நாட்டில் ஆராய்ந்தவை பல வியத்தகு உண்மைகளை வெளிக்கொணர்ந்துள்ளன.

காவிரி ஆரம்பத்தில் கொகனேக்களில் இருந்து 8000 ஆண்டுகட்கு இடைப்பட்ட ஒரு காலக் கட்டத்தில் உருவாகி, 3000 ஆண்டுகட்டு முன்பு வரை ஒடியிருக்கிறது.
மங்களூர் - பெங்களூர்-சென்னைப் பகுதியில் பூமி ஆர்ச் போன்று உயர ஆரம்பித்ததால் கொஞ்சம் கொஞ்சமாக 5 முறை தடம் மாறி தெற்கே நகர்ந்து தடம் மாறி ஒடியிருக்கிறது. பூமியின் உயர்வுக்கு ஈடு கொடுக்க முடியாததால் முதல் பாதையை விட்டு விட்டு இரண்டாம் பாதை ஆக மேற்கே மேட்டூர் நீர்த்தேக்கதிலிருந்து கிழக்கே கடலூர் வரை 2700-2300 ஆண்டுகள் காலகட்டத்தில் தற்காலப் பொன்னையாற்றின் பாதையில் ஒடி, கடலூரில் கடலில் கலந்திருக்கிறது.

கடலூர் பகுதியில் அலைகள், ஆழிப்பேரலைகள், பிற நதிகளால் வெள்ளம், பூமி கிழே செல்வதால் காவிரி பாதை 2ல் ஏற்பட்ட தடுமாற்றம், வடக்கு தெற்காக உருவாகி வரும் வெடிப்புகளின் தாக்கம் மற்றும் தெற்கிலிருந்து வளர்ந்து வந்த அமராவதியின் உபநதியின் கையகப்படுத்துதல் ஆகியவற்றால் பாதை 2ஐ முற்றிலுமாக விட்டு விட்டு பாதை 3ஆன திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி சமவெளியை அடைந்திருக்கிறது. திருச்சிராப்பள்ளியில் 12 தடங்களில் தெற்கே புதுக்கோட்டையிலுருந்து வடக்கே, தற்கால கொள்ளிடத்திற்கு தெற்கே வரை இன்றிலிருந்து 2300 ஆண்டுகள் முதல் 900 ஆண்டுகள் வரை ஒடியிருக்கிறது.

ஆரம்பத்தில் திருச்சியிலிருந்து புதுக்கோட்டை வழியாக இப்போதைய வெள்ளாற்றில் தடம் 7 ஆக ஒடிய காவிரி கொஞ்சம் கொஞ்சமாக வடக்கே நகர்ந்து தற்கால அம்புலியாறு, அக்னியாறு, வெண்ணாறு, வெட்டாறு, குடமுருட்டி ஆறு, பழம்காவிரி ஆகிய பல தடங்களின் வழியாக ஒடி பின்னர் கொள்ளிடத்தில் தடம் மாறி 750 ஆண்டுகட்கு முன்பு நிலை கொண்டுள்ளது.

இப்படி பாதை மாறும் பொழுது, வாழ்க்கை முறை மாறுகிறது, ஏற்றத்தாழ்வு ஏற்படுகிறது, விவசாய முறையில் மாற்றம் வருகிறது, கலாச்சாரம் மாறுகிறது. அதைப்பற்றி படிக்கும் போது எப்படி நதிகள் நம் வாழ்க்கையில் ஒன்றியிருக்கிறது என்பது புரியும். அதன் தன்மைகளை புரிந்து கொண்டேமேயானால், நதிகளை இணைந்து, தமிழகத்திலேயே நீர்வழிச்சாலைகளை அமைத்து நாம் நம்மை வளப்படுத்திக்கொள்ளலாம்.

அடுத்த மாநிலத்தை நம்பி தமிழகம் இருக்க தேவையில்லை. வருடா வருடம் வெள்ளம்போல் ஒடும் காவிரிமூலம், வைகையையும், பாலாற்றையும், தாமிரபரணியையும் இணைந்து நீர்வழிச்சாலையை ஏற்படுத்தினால், வெள்ளத்தை தேக்கிவைக்கும் நீர்வழி அணையாக அது செயல் படும். அந்த நீரை தமிழகமே, வேண்டிய பகுதிக்கு திருப்ப முடியும். அதில் கிட்டத்தட்ட 100 டி.யெம்.சி நீரை வருடாவருடம் தேக்கிவைக்க முடியும். அப்படி தேக்கி வைக்கும் பட்சத்தில், வரண்ட தமிழகம் வருடம் தோறும் வளமான தமிழகமாக கண்டிப்பாக மாறும்.

அப்படிப்பட்ட ஒரு தொலை நோக்கு திட்டத்தை, கண்டிப்பாக செய்ய முடியும். அப்படி செய்ய முடியும் என்ற மனப்பான்மை கொண்ட தலைமையாலும், அதை செயல்படுத்த கூடிய இளைஞர்களை கொண்ட தமிழக தொழில் நுட்ப வல்லுனர்களைக்கொண்டு, சாதிக்க முடியும் என்ற எண்ணம் கொண்ட தமிழக அரசு அதிகாரிகளைக்கொண்டும், ஒரு Public Private Partnership உடனும், உலக வங்கியின் உதவியுடனும், மத்திய அரசின் உதவியுடனும், தமிழக அரசு செயல் படுத்த நினைத்தால் தமிழகம் கண்டிப்பாக என்றைக்கும் வற்றாத வளமான நாடாக மாறும் என்பது திண்ணம்.

அப்படிப்பட்ட ஒரு வளமான தமிழகத்தை 2020க்குள் கண்டிப்பாக நான் காண்பேன் என்ற கனவு எனக்கு இருக்கிறது. அதே கனவு தமிழக மக்களுக்கும், தமிழக அரசிற்கும், தமிழக அரசியல் கட்சிகளுக்கும், அரசு அதிகாரிகளுக்கும், தொழில் நுட்ப வல்லுனர்களுக்கும் ஏற்படும் என்று நம்புகிறேன். அந்த கனவு, கனவு நினவாகும் வரை அவர்களை தூங்கவிடாது," என்றார் அப்துல் கலாம்.
__________________
Save Natural resources
-Kris
__________________
Ek Bharat, Shresht Bharat - ஒரே பாரதம் உன்னத பாரதம்! - Narendra Modi
krishnaswamy no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 9th, 2012, 05:20 PM   #214
murlee
ВANNED
 
murlee's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2009
Location: Chennai/Faridabad
Posts: 10,493
Likes (Received): 3918

TN to promote agri-allied activities

Quote:
The Tamil Nadu government has decided to promote the agri-allied industry to treble small and marginal farmers’ income in five years. It is also planning to promote new clusters and form companies, in which these farmers will hold a stake.

In the interim Budget, the state government had earmarked Rs 3,000 crore in crop loans for disbursal through cooperatives in 2011-12. “Despite implementing several programmes and spending crores of rupees, the income level of farmers is not registering any perceptible improvement,” Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa said recently on the sidelines of an event.

Initiatives, such as adoption of scientific agronomic practices, popularisation of efficient ways of using water, farm mechanisation and strengthening of post-harvest infrastructure, will be undertaken to ensure a “second green revolution”.

Flagship programmes like distribution of milch cows, goats and sheep to poor families will also be adopted, to strengthen the mixed farming system in the rural areas and assure sustainable income to rural households.

A 100 per cent subsidy will be given to small and tiny farmers going for micro irrigation and 75 per cent to other farmers opting for the scheme. Tiny farmers can get subsidy for up to 2.5 acres of land and small farmers can get subsidy for five acres. Those pursuing agriculture on leased lands can also get the benefit. Farmers can select companies to buy micro irrigation equipment, but these will have to be authorised by the Tamil Nadu Horticulture Development Agency.

The government is also planning to promote agri-related clusters in dry areas. Allied agricultural activities, such as animal husbandry, in dry areas are also in the state government’s mind to increase the incomes of farmers. The government has decided to encourage private companies to set up agro-processing industries in a cluster mode, with farmers holding at least 25 per cent of the equity capital in such companies, which will be sponsored by the state government. Five such units will be set up by next year, according to a senior government official.
http://www.business-standard.com/ind...ities-/461232/
murlee no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 12th, 2012, 04:18 AM   #215
N.kumar
Registered User
 
Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 1,640
Likes (Received): 102

story from kerala, but has ramifications and lessons for across country

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/colu...cle2775282.ece


When Kerala Agriculture Minister K.P. Mohanan paid Chandran ‘Master' Rs.15,000 for a Vechur calf last September, he was rewarding a conscious law-breaker. Yet, the Minister, on behalf of the Livestock Development Board, was doing the right thing — and everyone approved. Chandran ‘Master' and other intrepid souls have helped keep Kerala's unique cattle varieties alive. This, despite antiquated laws that made the breeding of such animals by farmers illegal without a licence from the State's Director of Animal Husbandry. And through some years when livestock inspectors relentlessly castrated the bulls of these ‘inferior' breeds, boosting the dominance of crossbred cattle.

This flowed partly from the idea that higher milk yields, regardless of costs and consequences, were all that mattered. In what could mark an attitude shift, the State is now paying rebel farmers for resisting its own depredations.

Chandran Master keeps 24 head of cattle, mostly rare indigenous breeds, in the compound of his home in P. Vemballur village of Thrissur district. These include the tiny Vechur cow, symbol of Kerala's domestic cattle crisis. By 2000, the animal was on the FAO's World Watch List of Domestic Animal Diversity, in its ‘Critical-Maintained Breeds List.' A variety makes that list “when the number of breeding females” is 100 or less. Or when “the total number of breeding males” is five or less. Or if the overall count is 120 or less, and falling.

SMALLEST CATTLE BREED

In Chandran Master's home, the count is rising. “I gave the Livestock Board five Vechur calves,” he says proudly. And got two Gir calves and Rs. 45,000 in return. A tiny Vechur calf had been born — in his compound — just six hours before we arrived there. Her mother, a fine animal, is 82 cm high. The Vechur is the world's smallest cattle breed. November 2010 saw Diana, a 77-cm Vechur (also from Thrissur district), enter the Guinness Book of Records as the smallest cow in the world.

(http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/...-cow-(height)/)

Mostly, this breed averages around 90 cm in height and about 130 kg in weight. It yields up to 3 litres of milk a day and requires very little by way of feed or maintenance.

Alongside the “world's smallest cow” are the Vadakara Dwarf, the Kasargode Dwarf, the High Range Dwarf and other indigenous cattle breeds. The 72-year-old former school teacher scoffs at the official mind-set on cattle. “The cow for them is just a milk-production machine” he says. “Their view has no room for the composition and quality of the milk. Much less for the role of cattle in agriculture and in a farmer's life. None at all for the impact on the environment, diversity or community.”

Nambiyandra Ayyappan Chandran ‘Master' is an award-winning former English teacher who worked 36 years in Kerala and Oman. He has “pledged what remains of my life” to conserving breeds of Bos indicus (native Indian cattle). His living room sports a huge photo of the Rs.15,000 cheque from the Kerala Livestock Development Board. “Roughly what I lose each month on my passion.” But Chandran Master is okay with that.

‘ZERO MAINTENANCE'

“My cows,” he points out, “are zero maintenance — they are native and do not need a high-input diet.” But he also tries to grow 30 types of mangoes and an equal number of bamboo varieties, all indigenous. Also a few native kinds of fish and many traditional plants. His son tries to bridge the household deficit through high-earning horticulture. If the family converted some of its 18 acres to real estate, he would be rich, but Chandran Master has “a mission and a passion.”

“Malayalis take the easy way out in everything,” Minister K.P. Mohanan had said while handing over the KLDB cheque. “Hence, they have not taken pains to preserve native breeds such as Vechur cow and Kasargode Dwarf. Instead, they have gone for cross-bred varieties. Malayalis should be aware of a global movement for preservation of domestic breeds of animals.” (The Hindu, Sept. 25, 2011).

However, native breeds were ruined not by people but by official policies over a long time.

Kerala's anti-indigenous drive across decades was one factor in the collapse of its native cattle numbers. Livestock Census figures show a drop of 48 per cent in the total cattle population between 1996 and 2007. But it goes back further, to when the Kerala Livestock Improvement Act of 1961 gave “the licensing officer” the “power to order castration of bulls.” And farmers ordered to castrate their bulls had 30 days to do so. An amended Act in 1968 also promised fines and imprisonment for those failing to comply.

Dr. Sosamma Iype, retired Professor, Animal Breeding and Genetics from Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) was a pioneer in reviving the Vechur breed. She and Dr. Abraham Varkey, retired Professor of Veterinary Surgery, make this point. “On the one hand, you needed a licence from the State director of the Animal Husbandry Department to be able to keep a bull. On the other, an inspector finding such a bull [Vechur or any other kind] was bound by orders to castrate it! So no one ever sought a licence!” The castrations drove some native breeds to near extinction. (Similar drives occurred in other parts of the country, notably Orissa. There, an insane project aimed at boosting milk production, all but wiped out the Khariar Bull, the best breed of the Kalahandi region by 1980. It also transformed what was then a milk-surplus region, into a milk-deficit one).

Still, the Vechur survived. Partly, says Professor Varkey, “because a few escaped, being in regions too remote or forested for the vets to reach. And partly because Temple Bulls were exempted for religious reasons.”

They also survive because of people like Sosamma Iype. She and others were part of a drive to conserve local breeds that saw the founding of the Vechur Conservation Trust in 1998. “The search for survivors, though, began in 1988,” says Prof. Iype. “And with the help of a student search team headed by Anil Zachariah, we found eight by the end of that year. We got Rs. 51,000 sanctioned by the then Vice Chancellor of KAU to buy the eight animals and provide them with feed.” Her work at KAU saw a turnaround in the fate of the Vechur breed and earned it wide recognition.

MILK YIELDS AND INPUT COSTS

But don't the crossbreeds outclass native breeds in milk yield? “That can't be the only yardstick,” says Prof. Iype. “Check the milk yields against input costs. The expense of the crossbreeds is enormous. They are far more prone to outbreaks of illness as we were reminded again in 2009 during a severe outbreak of Foot and Mouth disease. There are indeed several farmers who prefer crossbreeds as an income source, through sale of milk. There are also 25-30 per cent, who prefer smaller, less costly animals. These households look at it from the point of view of home consumption, quality of milk and food security. “The Trust today promotes the cause of not only the Vechur, but other Kerala breeds of cattle, goats, pigs and ducks as well.

Back in his home in P. Vemballur village, Chandran Master wants to know: “When are you going to help me get a Khariar Bull from Orissa?”
N.kumar no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 12th, 2012, 04:19 AM   #216
N.kumar
Registered User
 
Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 1,640
Likes (Received): 102

Visitors flow in and out of Chandran Master's compound in P. Vemballur, Thrissur, Kerala. Students, teachers, trainees in animal husbandry work and even officials walk around like it's a public space. And in some ways, it is. People come a distance to see his 22 cows and two bulls — mostly from rare indigenous breeds. Also, the many kinds of mango, bamboo and fish he has cultivated, again species native to India. The former English teacher also boasts a classic Kathiawari horse and several native breeds of poultry. But the star attractions are the tiny Vechur — “the world's smallest cow” — and other dwarf varieties of Kerala cattle.

The visitors' interest also reflects a growing concern in the State about the fate of domestic breeds of cattle and other livestock. Like elsewhere, a strong emphasis on crossbred cattle that aimed at higher milk production also saw a sharp decline in native animals. There is now a serious debate on the results of that approach. Kerala's cattle population declined by around 48 per cent between 1996 and 2007.

CHANGED STANCE

Dr. R. Vijayakumar, Director of Kerala's Animal Husbandry Department (AHD), says the State's new breeding policy “limits exotic [that is, non-native] germplasm to 50 per cent of cattle. We are now also propagating native breeds. We even conduct artificial insemination with the semen of native bulls.” And while the number of animals may have fallen between 1996 and 2007, “milk productivity of cows in the State rose in that period. From an average of six litres a day to 8.5 litres, even as crossbreeds came to account for 87 per cent of Kerala's cattle.”

However, the cost of milk production is much higher with the crossbreeds. The feed requirement of native dwarf breeds like Vechur and Kasargode are very minor. Their feed-to-milk conversion is very good. The crossbreeds are high-maintenance animals and are disease-prone. “See this Vadakara Dwarf,” says Chandran Master. “I doubt I spend five to ten rupees on her feed daily. Still she gives me three to four litres. But the quality of her milk is highly prized and I could get Rs.50 a litre for it. So even in that way, the benefit is greater. There is no high standard of feed required either. Kitchen scraps and leftovers can be used. And they don't require special sheds or anything.” He, however, does not sell milk. He does sell “very few calves each year when the numbers exceed my capacity to manage.”

Of the Vechur, he says its milk has medicinal qualities recorded by Ayurveda ages ago. In more recent times, studies at the Kerala Agricultural University have also shown the percentage of fats and total solids of the Vechur cow to be higher than that found in crossbred cows. The smaller size of the fat globules in the Vechur's milk makes it more suitable for infants and the sick.

AHD Director R. Vijayakumar says the decline of native species had many causes. Not just the castrations of ‘non-descript' varieties that had occurred in a much earlier period. He points to “the trend towards cash crops which brought about a decline in animal-based agriculture and to a younger generation of farmers with no time or patience for rearing large animals — they prefer smaller ruminants. And to a greater interest in crossbreeds due to their higher milk productivity.”

HARDY AND HEALTHY

But costs and maintenance are another matter. “Before I switched to local breeds in 1994,” says Chandran Master, “I had three crossbreds, including one Swiss Brown. I had to spend up to Rs.400 a day on each. The feed was very costly and over Rs.200 a day. Pellet feed, rice powder, wheat powder, oil cake, green grass, it's endless. They would fall ill all the time and the vet was here every week, with each visit costing me Rs.150 apart from the expense of arranging a vehicle for him.”

Since making his switch: “No vet has attended my cows for 17 years. And I have not even insured a single one of them. These are hardy, healthy creatures.” And several experts do point out that India's native cattle (Bos indicus) have evolved to cope with the climate and to “withstand diseases, parasites and calve easily without human assistance.” Scientists like Dr. Sosamma Iype, who pioneered the revival of the Vechur at KAU, also point out that these dwarf animals “have good resistance to foot and mouth disease and mastitis. Both, diseases which plague crossbred cows in Kerala. Vechur cattle also have a far lower incidence of respiratory infections.”

Most livestock owners in Kerala are either small or marginal farmers or even landless. The State has the highest percentage of crossbreeds in the country. And while its average milk yield has risen, production is far below demand. The State is not amongst the top producers in the country. Feed utilisation per litre of milk is also one of the highest in India. Critics say it's wrong to ignore the steep fall in cattle numbers and native breeds that has hurt the State, alongside decades-old policies that made it illegal for a farmer to keep any bull without a licence for it. That licence is only granted at the level of State Director of the AHD.

Technically, Chandran Master and others are breaking the law. But surely the State has no way of knowing whether a farmer is keeping an “illegal” bull? “A hostile panchayat can make life hell for a farmer,” says one expert. “If that farmer is at odds with the ruling outfit of that panchayat, they can keep him in court for months.”

RED TAPE NIGHTMARE

Haritha Bhoomi (Green Earth) a journal on agriculture recently summed up the red tape involved in permissions of any kind: Say a farmer wishes to exceed the limit of six large animals and 20 head of poultry, even by a minor number. He needs clearances from the panchayat to just start the process. If you exceed the quota, you have to go to the Pollution Control Board. Depending on the size of the establishment you wish to build, you will need certificates from the District Town Planner. Perhaps even from the State Chief Town Planner. Manage to get these done and you have to prepare a technical report for the panchayat and get three or four certificates from them. Then the farmer must get clearances from the district medical officer to whom he has to submit NOCs from all residents within 100 metres of his planned farm.

On my first visit to Chandran Master's home I had run into a Livestock Inspector (LI) from another region. Wishing to remain unnamed, he told me “On most of my visits I see the problems faced by the crossbreeds. They fall ill with the slightest change in climate. They cannot take the heat.” Chandran Master chipped in: “You cannot sleep one night peacefully. Crossbreds can't stand ten minutes of rain. With local breeds, you don't even need cowsheds.” The LI nodded: “If I keep a cow, it will be a Vechur.”

(PS: Following Thursday's story in The Hindu, the Sahabaghya Vikash Abhiyan, a community-based body deeply involved in Kalahandi's agriculture, has announced it will gift Chandran Master two calves of the rare Khariar breed. The challenge now is to transport them from western Orissa to Thrissur in Kerala.)

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/colu...cle2778130.ece
N.kumar no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 12th, 2012, 04:20 AM   #217
N.kumar
Registered User
 
Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 1,640
Likes (Received): 102

Our nattamai views on this above news please and status in TN?
N.kumar no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 12th, 2012, 09:27 AM   #218
kannan infratech
Moderator
 
kannan infratech's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: chennai
Posts: 11,861
Likes (Received): 5793

Quote:
Originally Posted by N.kumar View Post
Our nattamai views on this above news please and status in TN?
A separate variyam will be created to protect the rare live stock varieties native to TN.

Ramarajan of Karahattakkaran Fame will be made the Variyath Thailvar.

Rare Breeds will be takken to a Rejuvenation Farm near Gobi and special herbal medicines with healthy food will be given.

Mattukkara Velan movie will be screened for all these livestock so that they will breed well and their population will grow fast.

Every day Madu & Adu Tamil Film songs will be played over Public Address system for the benefit of the livestock.

Rare breeds will be given free to the public through PDS.

To implement these projects MOUS will be signed with The Netherlands, Denmark & New Zealand soon. An investment of 420 Cr is expected and it will create jobs for 10,000 people directly and 1.76 Lakhs people indirectly. The project will be completed in 7.5 years.
kannan infratech no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 12th, 2012, 10:06 AM   #219
N.kumar
Registered User
 
Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 1,640
Likes (Received): 102

natamai,

asking you as you have knowledge on such issues. comedy pannittu poytingale
N.kumar no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old January 22nd, 2012, 04:21 AM   #220
ganie006
தஞ்சை மைந்தன் Ganesh Anbu
 
ganie006's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Location: Thanjavur/Riyadh
Posts: 3,206
Likes (Received): 1241

Use labourers under MNREGS for agriculture: farmers urge Centre

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT
SHARE · PRINT · T+
Farmers of the district appealed to the State and the Central government to use labourers under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) for agriculture to overcome shortage. At the monthly grievances day meeting here on Friday, they said acute labour shortage haunts agriculture in the district.

The MNREGS has deprived agriculture of labour force. There is no labour for transplantation, harvest or weeding.

“If agriculture activities are included in the scheme, we may get labourers, ” said M.S. Ganesan, a farmer from Maharajapuram. Many of the farmers echoed his view. They also pointed out that they have to depend upon machines to carry out works.

K. Baskaran, Collector, who presided over the meeting, said that samba harvest has been completed on 12,825 hectares so far in the district. He said that samba has been raised on 1,03,646 hectares in the district this year. Besides samba, thaladi crop has been raised on 36,939 hectares.

Pulses seeds are being distributed to farmers now. Black gram seed varieties ADT3, ADT5, Vamban 2,3,4 and green gram varieties ADT3 and KM2 are sold to farmers. . Under the seed village scheme, black gram seeds are given at 50 per cent subsidy.

Apart from pulses, gingelly and ground nut seeds are also being distributed.

With respect to fertilizers, there is a stock of 5160 tonnes of urea, 2581 tonnes of di-ammonium phosphate, 1070 tonnes of potash and 2050 tonnes of complex fertilizers in the district at present. V.Jeevakumar, a farmer from Rayamundanpatti and Sami.Nadarajan from Tamil Nadu Vivasayigal Sangam said that the Central government has announced cutting of subsidy to fertilizers, particularly for di-ammonium phosphate and potash.

The reduction of subsidy will increase the price of these fertilizers and the Centre should reconsider its decision, they said.

Farmers also demanded opening of adequate number of Direct Purchase Centres (DPCs) of the Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation to procure samba paddy. To this, the Collector said that 299 DPCs are now functioning in the district. Samba paddy is procured at Rs.1180 per quintal for fine variety and Rs.1130 per quintal for common variety.

Scientists from Soil and Water Management Research Institute (SWMRI) here explained the pulses cultivation methods to farmers and also removing pests in Coconut.

Rajkumar, Joint Director of Agriculture (incharge), PWD engineers participated in the meeting.


Samba harvest completed in 12,825 ha so far in the district, says Collector
ganie006 está en línea ahora   Reply With Quote


Reply

Thread Tools
Rate This Thread
Rate This Thread:

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off



All times are GMT +2. The time now is 07:46 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 1
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like v3.2.5 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu