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Old February 21st, 2016, 02:01 PM   #101
Jaeger
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Quote:
Originally Posted by aljuarez View Post
Those English libraries are quite impressive. Wasn't England the first country to establish lending libraries?
England had sme early chained public libraries besides the libraries belonging mainly to the Church or Benafactors although the books were chained, so you they weren't lending libraries.

Chained Libraries - Wiki

Chained Library - Hereford Cathedral

History of the Library - History Magazine

History of Libraries - Wiki




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Old February 21st, 2016, 02:03 PM   #102
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Originally Posted by franciscoc View Post
In the eighteenth century parish associations libraries begin.
In the XIX century anglo-saxon world is also the pioneer in public libraries with examples of Manchester and Boston, and creation of library associations (ALA, LA, ...).
We do have some very old libraries in the British Isles, although we were not the first ever country to have such libraries. The ancient civilisations such as the Chinese, Greek, Middle East, Africa, South America and of course the Romans were all extremely knowledgeable, indeed Greek and Latin are known as the classics in the UK.

List of Libraries in the Ancient World - Wiki

11 Most Impressive Libraries from the Ancient World

In terms of the lending library, I know the early chained libraries were often associated with the Church and Cathedrals in the UK. Whilst in the US, Benjamin Franklin was very instrumental in the development of the lending library, as was Peabody and Carnegie. Names which are well known in both the sides of the Atlantic. Indeed the real development in public libraries, parks and other such public amenities in many industrialised countries took place during this Victorian era.

We have Carnegie Libraries in the British Isles, whilst George Peabody who funded the magnificent Peabody library in Baltimore, was also responsible for the Peabody Housing Trust in London, and of course Benjamin Franklin's house in London is now a museum, so such great social reformers and forward thinking men helped impliment change on more than one continent.

Peabody History

Peabody Trust - Wiki

History of the Carnegie Trust UK

List of Carnegie Libraries in Europe - Wiki

Benjamin Franklin House, London - Wiki



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Old February 21st, 2016, 03:16 PM   #103
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Yes, it is clear that the history of libraries comes from ancient times and from different civilizations, with origins in Mesopotamia, and the zenith of Alexandria and Pergamon.
The modern concept of public libraries began in the UK and in the US and as you say united patronage (Carnegie, Huntington ..)
A different case is that of the national libraries. The first generation or classic begin mostly in the eighteenth century and has royal origin (France, Spain, Denmark). In the case of the British Library structure of the twentieth century is the organic combination of various institutions, but its origin is previous to the core of the library of the British Museum. The Library of Congress has its origin in the presidential libraries as Adams or Jefferson.
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Old February 21st, 2016, 03:47 PM   #104
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The Guildhall Library in the City of London (Financial District) which dates back to the 1420's and was founded under the terms of the will left by Lord Mayor of London Dick Whittington. The Guildhall Library is home to the City Business Library.

History of the Guildhall Library - City of London Corporation

City Business Library Website

Guildhall Library -Wiki

An Old Movietone Video about the Guildhall Library



Also financed by the Corportation of London is The London Metropolitan Archive



London Metropolitan Archive Website

London Metropolitan Archives - Wiki



National Archive - United Kingdon (Kew in London)



National Archives (UK) Website

The National Archives UK - Wiki

The National Archives (TNA) is an executive agency of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport of the United Kingdom and is based in Kew in London. It is "the UK government's official archive, containing 1,000 years of history".There are separate national archives for Scotland (the National Records of Scotland) and Northern Ireland (the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland). There is also an additional record storage facility (DeepStore) in the worked-out parts of Winsford Rock Salt Mine, Winsford, Cheshire.





Some Pics of the National Archive at Kew in London















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Old February 21st, 2016, 04:06 PM   #105
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In terms of the first non subscription state funded library in Britain, that was in Manchester in 1852 Following the Free Libraries Act 1850. The Act was the first legislative step in the creation of an enduring national institution that provides universal free access to information and literature, and was indicative of the moral, social and educative concerns of the time

It should however be noted that Chetham's Library which is also in Manchester is often referred to as the oldest public library in the UK and was established in 1653. It was created at the behest of Humphrey Chetham, a successful cloth merchant, whose will stipulated that the Library should be 'for the use of scholars and others well affected', and instructed the librarian 'to require nothing of any man that cometh into the library' - (see page 4 of this thread).

Shhhh, it’s been quiet in Chetham's library for 350 years - Daily Mail (2011)

Manchester Central Library - the first library established after the 1850 Free Libraries Act.

Manchester Central Library History

Manchester Central Library - Wiki

Public Libraries Act 1850 -Wiki







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Old February 21st, 2016, 04:08 PM   #106
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The new Library of Birmingham in England is the largest regional public lending library in Britain and indeed Europe.

Library of Birmingham - Wiki





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Old February 21st, 2016, 04:39 PM   #107
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The Mitchell Library in Glasgow, Scotland is another example of a Central library.

Mitchell Library, Glasgow - Wiki



The Library Great Hall - Exhibition Space

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Old February 22nd, 2016, 03:38 PM   #108
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Last Couple of UK Libraries

Liverpool Central Library

Liverpool Central Library - Wiki

Liverpool Library Refurbishment



The Liverpool Central Library Picton Room



Bristol Central Library

Bristol Central Library - Wiki

image hosted on flickr


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National Art Library V&A - London

National Art Library V&A London

National Art Library -Wiki




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Old February 22nd, 2016, 09:28 PM   #109
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I've been very impressed by Liverpool's architectural heritage. Here's another jewel!
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Old February 22nd, 2016, 09:58 PM   #110
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The Maughan Library - The Maughan Library (/mɒn/) is the main research library of King's College London, forming part of the Strand Campus. A 19th-century neo-Gothic building located on Chancery Lane in the City of London, it was formerly the home to the headquarters of the Public Record Office (which now forms part of the National Archive based at Kew), known as the "strong-box of the Empire",and was acquired by the university in 2001. Following a £35m renovation the Maughan is the largest new university library in the United Kingdom since World War II.

Designed by Sir James Pennethorne and constructed in 1851, with further extensions made between 1868 and 1900, it is a Grade II* listed building. Inside the library is a dodecagonal reading room, inspired by that of the British Museum, and a former medieval chapel, now an exhibition space showcasing the special collections of the library. The library was named in honour of Sir Deryck Maughan, an alumnus of the university.

The dodecagonal reading room is one of the locations consulted by Robert Langdon and Sophie Neveu in chapters 92 and 95 of the Dan Brown novel, The Da Vinci Code.

Maughan Library - Kings College London

Maughan Library - Wiki

The Round Reading Room at the Maughan Library



The Maughan Library



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The London School of Economics is home to the British Library of Political and Economic Science which since its foundation in 1896, it has been the national social sciences library of the United Kingdom and its collections have been recognised for their outstanding national and international importance and awarded 'Designation' status by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA).

The Library collects material on a worldwide basis, in all major European languages. The extensive collections range from a European Documentation Centre to 90,000 historical pamphlets, with over 95% of Library stock available on the open shelves. Over 50 km of shelving, enough to stretch the length of the Channel Tunnel, houses over four and a half million items including 31,000 past and present journal titles. The Library subscribes to approximately 15,000 e-journals as part of its electronic information provision.

The Library is also home to a number of national and regional initiatives. Since 1946 the Library has been a United Nations depository library, providing a comprehensive collection of UN publications and documents. Many other organisations are also significantly represented, including OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), ILO (International Labour Organization), OAS (Organization of American States) and GATT/WTO (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade / World Trade Organization). As a European Documentation Centre, the Library has received publications from the European Community since 1964. The Library holds over 4 million books related to Politics and Economics and houses over 33,600 journal titles.

British Library of Political and Economic Science - Wiki

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Research Libraries UK - Website

Research Libraries UK - Wiki




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Old February 23rd, 2016, 01:14 PM   #111
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Some Film Libraries/Archives

List of Film Archives and Libraries - The British Council

BBC Archive

BBC Archive Website

BBC Archives - Wiki





BFI National Archive

BFI National Archive

BFI National Archive - Wiki

BFI Reuben Library - London

BFI Reuben Library - Metro Guide







ITN Source

ITN Source Website

ITN Source - Wiki



Movietone

British Movietone Website

Movietone News - Wiki



Pathé

British Pathé Website

Pathé - Wiki


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Old February 23rd, 2016, 01:47 PM   #112
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Barr Smith Library, University of Adelaide, South Australia















10 beautiful Australian libraries – in pictures
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Old February 24th, 2016, 12:25 AM   #113
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Quote:
Originally Posted by aljuarez View Post
I've been very impressed by Liverpool's architectural heritage. Here's another jewel!
Liverpool has some fantastic Civic buildngs, reflecting the Cities illustrious past, as one of the worlds great ports and trading centres.

I think I will have to make this my final post despite my great enthusiasm and appreciation of libraries and archives, and I look forward to seeing more pics and comments from other countries.

Btw The Barr Smith Library above is very beautiful and Australia has some great Universities and Libraries.





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Old February 29th, 2016, 01:47 AM   #114
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Wow...Australian libraries are a revelation! How much does the government support them?
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Old February 29th, 2016, 01:49 AM   #115
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OTTAWA, CANADA

The old library is the neo-gothic jewel crwoning the impressive ensemble of the Canadian Parliament. Photos by me.





















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Old February 29th, 2016, 05:57 PM   #116
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Quote:
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Wow...Australian libraries are a revelation! How much does the government support them?
quite a bit...all levels too depending on jurisdiction...council, state etc.


Greek National Library in Athens is an absolute neoclassical gem.







New site of Greek National Library coming soon too...
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Old March 4th, 2016, 12:25 PM   #117
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Two Hours by train from London St Pancras International Station next door to the British Library is Paris, home to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France - BnF.

The National Library of France traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368, it was officially established in 1461 some 555 years ago and is home to a unique collection of over 40 million items including 14 million books and publications. As well as the new building commisioned by
President François Mitterrand, the Library also retains the Rue de Richelieu complex with it's magnificent reading room.

Welcome to the BnF

Bibliothèque Nationale de France - Wiki



The Richelieu Reading Room


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Old March 4th, 2016, 01:05 PM   #118
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The American Library in Paris is the largest English Language Library in Europe outside of the British Isles. The library was established in 1920 under the auspices of the American Library Association with a core collection of books and periodicals donated by American libraries to United States armed forces personnel serving their allies in World War I.

The American Library in Paris

The American Library in Paris - Wiki

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Old March 4th, 2016, 01:12 PM   #119
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Sainte-Geneviève Library is a public and university library in Paris, which inherited the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve. The library contains around 2 million documents.

Libraries in Paris - Wiki

Sainte-Geneviève Library - Paris - Wiki




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Old March 4th, 2016, 07:35 PM   #120
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Whoa...

I have been to Paris several times.. I cannot believe I've missed these!
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