daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Asian Forums > India > South > Trivandrum



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old September 19th, 2011, 12:30 PM   #1
Rajith
Registered User
 
Rajith's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2005
Location: Villager
Posts: 550
Likes (Received): 1

History of Thiruvananthapuram

Let's post the history, interesting historical facts, other fascinating stories, myths, and folklores related to Thiruvananthapuram and sorrounding area, here in this thread.


Rajith no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
 
Old September 19th, 2011, 02:59 PM   #2
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Thanks Rajith for the Thread...

Some Historical facts from Wikipedia

Thiruvananthapuram is an ancient city with trading traditions dating back to 1000 BCE. It is believed that the ships of King Solomon landed in a port called Ophir (now Poovar) in Thiruvananthapuram in 1036 BCE. The city was the trading post of spices, sandalwood and ivory. However, the ancient political and cultural history of the city was almost entirely independent from that of the rest of Kerala. The early rulers of the city were the Ays. With their fall in the 10th century, the city was taken over by the rulers of Venad.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:14 PM   #3
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Maharaja Marthanda Varma, Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal


Coat of Arms of the Indian princely state of Travancore


Flag of the Kingdom of Travancore


Rise of modern Thiruvananthapuram began with accession of Marthanda Varma, who is regarded as the Father of modern Travancore, modernised Thiruvananthapuram, in 1729 as the founding ruler of the princely state of Travancore (Thiruvithamkoor in the local vernacular). Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital of Travancore in 1745 after shifting the capital from Padmanabhapuram. The city developed into a major intellectual and artistic centre during this period.


The locals of Thiruvananthapuram had supported Marthanda Varma against the Pillamar when he was the heir-apparent, and when he was attacked by the agents of the trustees, he had fled to the safety of Trivandrum, from where he counter attacked them. During his reign, he renovated the Padmanabha Swamy temple and the walls of the fortress. He also shifted the capital legally from Padmanabhapuram to Thiruvananthapuram, which he made a great centre of intellectual and artistic activity in those days. In 1791 AD, the English East India Company signed a treaty to protect Travancore from Mysore and in accordance to that treaty, was allowed to install a Resident and troops in Thiruvananthapuram. In 1799 AD, Velu Thampi, then a Karyakar of Talakkulam, led a march of the local people to Thiruvananthapuram to protest against the corruption of the Kings's ministers. The accession of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal who reigned from 1829 to 1847 AD, ushered in an epoch of cultural progress and economic prosperity. The beginning of English education was marked in 1834 by the opening of an English school at Thiruvananthapuram. An observatory and a charity hospital were also established here in 1836. During the reign of Maharaja Uthram Thirunall, Rev. Mead, an Anglican priest of the London Missionary Society (L.M.S.), was employed by the Maharajah to improve the quality of education. Schools, including one for girls, were started in Thiruvananthapuram.

The golden age in the city's history was during the mid 19th century under the reign of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal. This era saw the establishment of the first English school (1834), the Observatory (1837), the General Hospital (1839), the Oriental Research Institute & Manuscripts Library and the University College (1873). The first mental hospital in the state was also started during the same period.

During the reign of Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal (1860–1880), a full-fledged Arts College was started here besides the several English, Malayalam and Tamil schools, all over the State. A large hospital with lying-in-facility and a lunatic asylum were also established in Thiruvananthapuram. The Trivandrum University College was started in 1873, with Dr. Read as its principal. A Law class was opened in Thiruvananthapuram in 1874 AD, and the main building of the old Kerala Government Secretariat was designed and constructed by the Maharajah's chief engineer, Mr. Barton. Mr. Barton also improved the sanitation of the city. It was during the reign of Sri Moolam Thirunal (1885–1924), that the Sanskrit College, Ayurveda College, Law College and a second grade College for Women were started here. A department for the preservation and publication of oriental manuscripts was also established.

Last edited by Xeno Axe; September 19th, 2011 at 03:48 PM.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:16 PM   #4
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Maharaja Sree Moolam Thirunal

Sanskrit College, Ayurveda College, Law College and a second grade college for women were started by Maharaja Moolam Thirunal (1885–1924).

One of the significant aspects associated with Maharaja Sree Moolam Thirunal’s reign was the inauguration of the Legislative Council in 1888. This was the first legislative chamber, instituted in an Indian State. The Sri Moolam Assembly came into being in 1904. The activities of the Indian National Congress echoed in Thiruvananthapuram and other parts of Kerala during the reign of Maharaja Sree Moolam Thirunal.

During the regency of Maharani Setu Lakshmi Bai, the college for Women at Trivandrum was raised to the first grade.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:18 PM   #5
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

The Thiruvananthapuram Municipality came into existence in 1920. The municipality was converted into Corporation on 30 October 1940, during the period of Chitra Thirunal Bala Rama Varma, who took over in 1931. The city witnessed many-sided progress during his period. The promulgation of "Temple Entry Proclamation" (1936) was an act that underlined social emancipation. This era also saw the establishment of the University of Travancore in 1937, which later became the Kerala University.

With the end of the British rule in 1947, Travancore chose to join the Indian union. The first popular ministry headed by Pattom Thanu Pillai was installed in office on 24 March 1948. In 1949, Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of Thiru-Kochi, the state formed by the integration of Travancore with its northern neighbour Kochi. The king of Travancore, Chitra Thirunal Bala Rama Varma became the Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from July 1, 1949 until October 31, 1956. When the state of Kerala was formed on November 1, 1956, Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of the new state.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:21 PM   #6
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Recent History

With the establishment of Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in 1962, Thiruvananthapuram became the cradle of India's ambitious space programme. The first Indian space rocket was developed and launched from the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) located in the outskirts of the city in 1963. Several establishments of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) were later established in Thiruvananthapuram.

A major milestone in the city's recent history was the establishment of Technopark—India's first IT park—in 1995. Technopark has developed into the largest IT Park in India and third largest in Asia, employing around 30,000 people over 195 companies. This placed Thiruvananthapuram on the IT map of India and it is today one of the most promising in the country in terms of competitiveness and capability.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:25 PM   #7
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Historical Images

Historical Images

Adoption Durbar, Trivandrum (Year:about 1900)


Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a view of the Adoption Durbar, Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. The State troops at the Adoption Durbar can be seen here on parade during the ceremony.

Adoption Durbar, Trivandrum [Public domain or Public domain], by British Library, from Wikimedia Commons

Last edited by Xeno Axe; September 19th, 2011 at 03:41 PM.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:30 PM   #8
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Depiction of the Duke of Buckingham. (Year:early 1880)



Depiction of the Duke of Buckingham being greeted by Visakham Thirunal, with Ayilyam Thirunal of Travancore looking on, during Buckingham's visit to Trivandrum, Travancore in early 1880. Auctioned by London auctioneer Bonhams on 26 October 2007, bought for £602,400 ($1.24m) by Neville Tuli, a representive of actual buyer.

Raja ravivarma painting 50 historic meeting [Public domain], by Raja Ravi Varma (1848–1906), from Wikimedia Commons

Last edited by Xeno Axe; September 19th, 2011 at 03:40 PM.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:33 PM   #9
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Travancore Maharaja's State Carriage

Travancore Maharaja's State Carriage (Year:about 1900)



Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Travancore Maharaja's State Carriage in Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. It was drawn by a team of six horses. In the background can be seen the gopuram of the Padmanabha Swamy temple.

Travancore Maharaja's State Carriage [Public domain or Public domain], by British Library, from Wikimedia Commons

Last edited by Xeno Axe; September 19th, 2011 at 03:39 PM.
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 03:36 PM   #10
Xeno Axe
Registered User
 
Xeno Axe's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Posts: 796
Likes (Received): 205

Lithograph of the Raja of Tranvancore's elephants at Trivandrum

Lithograph of the Raja of Tranvancore's elephants at Trivandrum (Year : 1841)



Lithograph of the Raja of Tranvancore's elephants at Trivandrum in Kerala by L.H. de Rudder (1807-1881) after an original drawing of May 1841 by Prince Aleksandr Mikhailovich Saltuikov published in 1848. Prince Saltuikov visited Trivandrum in August 1841 and noted several details about his meeting with the Hindu Maharaja of Travancore. He wrote that the Raja received his guest on his throne, was not more than 25 or 27 years of age and gave his guest two Indian drawings.

Raja of Tranvancore's elephants [Public domain or Public domain], by British Library, from Wikimedia Commons
Xeno Axe no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 10:46 PM   #11
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11

Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 10:48 PM   #12
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11


University College, was founded in the year 1834 by the Government of Travancore during the reign of his Highness Sri Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma
Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 10:55 PM   #13
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11

Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:04 PM   #14
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11


The 1951 batch(First Batch) of the Thiruvananthapuram Medical College
Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:05 PM   #15
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11

Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:09 PM   #16
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11



Madavoorpara Rock Cut Temple
Iroopara, Thiruvananthapuram
Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:14 PM   #17
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11


History and Heritage Museum inaugurated in Thiruvananthapuram
Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:18 PM   #18
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11

Padmanabhapuram Palace : The clock at the entrance
Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:23 PM   #19
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11

Prime Minister Indira Gandhi being received by Chief Minister Karunakaran in Trivandrum on January 1982.
Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 19th, 2011, 11:28 PM   #20
Venunair
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Posts: 207
Likes (Received): 11

Venunair no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Tags
history, india, kerala, trivandrum

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off



All times are GMT +2. The time now is 03:51 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 1
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like v3.2.5 (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu