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Old September 22nd, 2011, 12:12 PM   #41
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The King of Cochin on Elephant- 1616

A Dutch painting of Kochi Maharaja on Elephant with Nair forces, while on an escorted tour on various villages of his Kingdom. The painting was stylized to Dutch tastes of that time.
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 12:15 PM   #42
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The Map of Fort Immanuel (Fort Kochi) -1505

The map of Fort Immanuel soon after its commissioning in 1505 as per Portuguese Atlas prepared during that time.

One can the landmark Fort Kochi Bastion that faces towards the sea. It was later adopted in Royal Coat of Arms of Portuguese India, which was in force till 1951.



The emblem of Ship in this seal, was later adopted by Cochin Corporation in their official emblems.
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 12:24 PM   #43
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The Royal Procession of Kochi Durbar- 1717


The annual Kochi Durbar, was one of the most pompous ceremony in the Kochi Kingdom. The tradition started since 14th century, where the King dressed in best of his royal robes, march with a large retinue to the public durbar hall.

The tradition was kept alive till 1946, broken only few times during war.
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 12:25 PM   #44
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Royal Procession of Kochi

The paintings of Royal Procession, as per Dutch Imaginations, made in early 17th century
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 12:29 PM   #45
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The Assassination Attempt- 1508

Paintings of Assassination Attempt on Kochi King, by a Zamorin's Spy, dressed as Kochi Soldier. The King (on extreme left) was covered up by his trusted Nair Officials. It was painted by Portuguese courtiers. In past, there were several attempts by Zamorin to assassinate Kochi Maharaja and create a political vacuum to annex the state.
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 12:36 PM   #46
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The Fire at Marine Drive Circus- 1978


The Fire at Marine Drive Circus was one the biggest in that time. This also made an end to hosting Circus in Marine Drive.....
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 01:03 PM   #47
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The fisherfolks at Chinese Fishing Nets

The Chinese fishing nets of Fort Cochin," from 'Das Buch der Welt', Stuttgart, 1842-48
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 01:11 PM   #48
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Detailed Map of Fort Kochi-1729

A sea of change has happened to Fort Kochi's past map and today's map.

How neatly the buildings are organized and well arranged in those times?

Can we recongize or related whats of today?

This is new map of Fort Kochi as of today



There was signage of fort within Fort, probably somewhere near to Aspinwall house of today. I don't know whats it. Probably it might be full form of Bastion Bungalow. Its believed, there was a old fort somewhere near to Bastion Bungalow

Likewise whats referred as Great Church, might be Santa Cruz Basilica.

Don't know whether any hospital still exists near the church, as mentioned in the old map.

Likewise, there is a wide waterbody between Fort and Mattancherry. I believe, it might be the Kalvetty Canal, flowing between Mattancherry and Fort Kochi. Today its a small stream of water. But in the old map, it seems to be too big, for a causeway between the fort and Mattancherry
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 02:06 PM   #49
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Originally Posted by mohammedirshad06 View Post


The King of Cochin on Elephant- 1616

A Dutch painting of Kochi Maharaja on Elephant with Nair forces, while on an escorted tour on various villages of his Kingdom. The painting was stylized to Dutch tastes of that time.

Imaginary painting!!
It shows how Dutch imagined India to be...
Cochin Raja looks like a nude Greek God and Nair soldiers with six packs and langkotti are as tall as the elephant. Altogether, Mediterranean tribals with Moustache

Last edited by Rajith; September 22nd, 2011 at 02:14 PM. Reason: added "looks"
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 02:19 PM   #50
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Princess of Kochi Royal Family- 1933

The Royal Family structure- a set of legends and facts.

Kochi Royal Family has a strong history, which is least known to modern generations. Yet, the most interesting lot is the fact, the dynasty has been claiming itself as one of the largest Royal family in the world, with more than 1000 members spread around 600 families.

Due to this extreme large size of the family, unlike any other royal families, adoptions were unheard in the system

Legends

Its believed, the last Chera Emperor, before his conversion to Islam, partioned the empire between his sons, nephews and relatives. Though the second line of Cheras followed Materillinal system, much of the land was given to the Emperor's sons

It was in context, the Emperor's sister was married to a Nampoothiri (Malayalee Brahmin), in Perumpadappu in Malappuram district, complained against Emperor's partiality to his sons

The Emperor immedidately rectified his mistake, by granting his capital and large portions of middle stretch of his empire to his's sister's grandson and awarded him the right of being called Koviladhikari. The title is of high importance, as it was the most powerful religious title held by the Chera Emperor. The other 2 titles- Kulashekara was granted to his son and Rakshapurshan to his another nephew.

The dynasty formed by his son became Venad Royal House (later Travancore), by his nephew being Valluvanadu Royal House (Palakkad)

The title of Koviladhikari, helped Kochi Kings, becoming the spiritual head of entire Namboothiri system of Kerala. His decision over spiritual cases became final and followed rigidly in the state

Dynasties:

There are 11 branches or 11 thavazhis in the Royal family, each being headed by a senior lady known as Amma Thampurans. However only 5 thavazhis or Dynasty has real right of succession, though in few instances from other dynasties have interfered. The 5 main Thavazhis are Mootha Thavazhi, Elaya Thavazhi, Mrungoor Thavazhi, Palluruthi Thavazhi, Chaziyoor Thavazhi. The other minor Thavazhis are Aroor, Cherai, Vettathur are well known and rest are sub branches of existing.

Unlike elsewhere in Kerala, in Kochi, all royal ladies are addressed as Thampurans, with no distinction of gender.

The senior most lady among the 5 princess holds the key of succession and hence known as Penvazhithampuran or Veliyathampuran, thus becomes the official head of the family. Her position was almost similar to a Governor in modern system. She has the power to appoint any of her brothers as the King of Kochi and the duration of each King can be decided by her.

As a convention, the seniormost male member known as Moopil, would become the King, when Penvazhithampuran decides for it. For her decision, the Moopil agrees to pay her, a sum of 201 gold coins and her maintenance charges. Normally the Moopil, who posses the best royal skills, coupled by astrological predications and closer relationship of Penvazhithampuran makes to the Crown.

However in history, there were instances, when the Penvazhithampuran dies and new lady assumes the charge, changing the King to her brother. This system was in force untill 1804, after which the tradition merely became a ritual, as it was British who decides among the Kochi Princes to become the king while the Queen simply signs the declaration order.

A lady can choose the king only from her natural brothers or first order cousin brothers. She can't choose any second order cousins (born to her's mother's brothers) as King.

Its due to this unique system, adoption became scare or unheard in the royal family, as there are n number of sisters and brother combinations for final decision. However adoptions do happen within the Thavazhis/dynasties to maintain the chances of succession.

Wives

The King can marry any number of wives, while the senior most is called as Neythar Amma, Unlike Travancore, Neythar Ammas can live with the King, in his Palace and enjoy all comforts as a Royal consort. While the Queen of Kochi, The Penvazhithampuran can't live with the King's residence and has to live in her designated palace alone.

Under the Kochi system, the Neyathar Ammas can interfer in the administration and support the king in day to day administration, while the real queen Penvazhithampuran can't issue orders or interfer in the system, except in finalizing the duration of the King's reign. She gains absolute, unquestionable powers, even to displace the King and government. However rarely this power has been used in the family.

Royal Names

In Kochi, the dynasty is a hetro-mix of Namboothiris, Samantha Kshatriyas and even Nair castes (like Thirumalpadus). Hence the prince, who is in line of succession, carries out certain rituals, to become Samantha Kshatriya at an age of 6 and gets into the caste system.

The Kochi King, is political head of all Brahmin castes of Kerala. He is the only one eligble to sit and dine along with Brahmins as well as decides the purity of casteism of Brahmins in Kerala.

Hence the tradition forces the Kochi princes in line of succession to be well versed in all Hindu Upanishads, Vedas and other scriptures.

The naming cermony is done, in consideration of reigning Penvazhithampuran. The more closest relation, the better chances of succession.

Normally the most likely to be succeed is named as Goda Varma, while rest being named either Rama Varma or Kerala Varma or Ravi Varma

Since there is no official titles for the King in the Kochi, each King is known after a nickname, either Posthumously or Pre-humously. It can vary according the nature of the prince, his interests, his abilities etc. The official title will be always Valiyathampuran Maharaja, irrespective of the name.
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 03:56 PM   #51
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A sea of change has happened to Fort Kochi's past map and today's map.

How neatly the buildings are organized and well arranged in those times?

Can we recongize or related whats of today?

When the British took over from the Dutch, they demolished the Fort walls and most of the important buildings, and blocked the entrance of the port from the accumulated rubble, as a "poison pill strategy" as during that time there was a real danger that Napoleon Bonaparte would land in India and capture Cochin. The British had more-or-less resigned to such a fate until fate decreed otherwise. This is why "Fort" Cochin has no fort walls!

Similarly, earlier when the Dutch took over Fort Cochin from Portuguese the entire fort was pillaged and re-build. So the Fort Cochin of today is only a pale imitation, and actually the left-overs of what once existed.

Quote:
The Fire at Marine Drive Circus was one the biggest in that time. This also made an end to hosting Circus in Marine Drive.....
I've been to a circus show at Marine Drive sometime in early 1990s. By mid 1990s the circus stopped coming to Marine Drive, and is hosted at Manapatiparambu instead.
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Old September 22nd, 2011, 04:24 PM   #52
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rajith View Post
Imaginary painting!!
It shows how Dutch imagined India to be...
Cochin Raja looks like a nude Greek God and Nair soldiers with six packs and langkotti are as tall as the elephant. Altogether, Mediterranean tribals with Moustache
True!!! The post Renaiassance period in Europe, infused a chauvinism of ancient Greek/Roman culture in their outlook, which has reflected in the paintings of that time.

Paintings are not photographs, its means lot to the painters. Dayamati according to Raja Ravi Varma looks like any normal lady or 1930s fashions.... Even Damsel Urvashi or Panchali looks like any ladies which we could meet on streets of that times, while it has huge difference from believed mythologies

Thats what we call the liberty of painter..... The Dutch painters, interestingly presented Kochi King and his Nair Soldiers as 4th century Greek/Spartan soldiers.........

For a history lover like me, its a wealth of information, like the immense security cover for the King as well as pattern of transportation. I am least bother about fashions/style infused as per painter's whims and fancies...
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 02:13 PM   #53
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Boating at Kochi Backwaters- 1745

Kochi Backwaters was immense treasure of freshwater fishes as well as used heavily for pleasure trips by nobles that time, much similar to today.

The fisherfolks used small narrow boats like the one shown in middle, while pleasure boats have a roofing above, like the one at extreme behind.

Apart from these two class of boats, cargo boats ply the most. In those days, large ships can't enter into Kochi Backwaters, thanks to massive Sand Bar between Vypeen and Fort Kochi, leaving narrow passage with shallow waters. This disallowed large freight boats entering into Kochi Channel

Large Boats are anchored near Fort Kochi Bastion, where the sea is shallow and safe, while small cargo boats picks the consignments and take it to Mattancherry Port. Small ships can pass thro' this channel.

This system continued till 1920s, when the sand bar was broken allowing bigger ships to enter into Kochi Backwaters.
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 02:14 PM   #54
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Chinese Fishing Nets in 1928
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 02:20 PM   #55
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Official Map of Dutch Fort Kochi 1777

This is the map prepared by City Officials of City Government of Kochi in 1777, at the time of handing over the city to British. The Map is completely hand drawn with colouring.

One can clearly see the St. Francis Church, The Stomsburg Fort (now only Bastion Bungalow remains), the Grand Fort Kochi Bastion with the Dutch Tricolor, and Bunton Boatyard.

In Mattancherry, one can identify the Mattancherry Palace, standing alone, while today its filled with residential areas. The Chempittapilly Mosque is also represented in map, so the Lighthouse at Vyppen.

The Map also describe the shallow regions of Sand Bar and deeper areas, which allows slightly bigger ships inside....
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 02:37 PM   #56
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British Kochi- 1813
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 02:48 PM   #57
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Chittoor Krishna Temple in 1928

The Chittor Krishna Temple in Chittoor Island near Vaduthala in Kochi City has a huge history and tale of rivalry between Zamorin and Kochi Rajas

Since days of Cheraman Perumal, the Emperor of Kerala, the Kochi Raja has its settlement at Vanneri in Malappuram. The principal deity of the Royal family that time was Guruvayur temple and the presiding lord as Tutelary Diety

This system continued even after in Disintregration of Chera Empire. In 15th century, the Zamorin launched a suprise attack on Vanneri and adjoining parts of modern Malappuram, Western parts of Thrissur district. The Kochi King was forced to flee to Mahodayapuram, the second capital near Kodungallor.

As a sign of humilating Kochi King, the Zamorin annexed Guruvayur temple and declared the presiding deity as Royal deity of Samoothiri Kovilakom.

This was a huge disappointment to Kochi King. He said, the presiding Deity will follow along with him, not stationed in place where wrongly annexed.

As per astrological calculations, the Kochi King constructed a new temple in the island of Chittor and installed a deity, whom he called as Kochi's Guruvayurappan. This temple later became the famous Chitoor Krishna temple. Legends says, the Kochi Rajas has undiluted devotion to the presiding deity, that untill recently they used to refuse to enter Guruvayur temple, because they consider the real Guruvayur has migrated to Chitoor....

Whatever be it the legends, the island once offered protection to Kochi King, who was at verge of being caught by Zamorin's large army during First war of Kochi. As a token of gratitude, ever since that, annually, Kochi Kings carry out a procession from their Palace to the temple and reside near the temple for the entire 10 day long festival.

The Chittoor Road which passes thro' the city was constructed for this grand procession.
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 02:49 PM   #58
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A typical scene in 1920s at villages in Kochi
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 05:04 PM   #59
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Chittoor Krishna Temple in 1928

The Chittor Krishna Temple in Chittoor Island near Vaduthala in Kochi City has a huge history and tale of rivalry between Zamorin and Kochi Rajas

Since days of Cheraman Perumal, the Emperor of Kerala, the Kochi Raja has its settlement at Vanneri in Malappuram. The principal deity of the Royal family that time was Guruvayur temple and the presiding lord as Tutelary Diety

This system continued even after in Disintregration of Chera Empire. In 15th century, the Zamorin launched a suprise attack on Vanneri and adjoining parts of modern Malappuram, Western parts of Thrissur district. The Kochi King was forced to flee to Mahodayapuram, the second capital near Kodungallor.

As a sign of humilating Kochi King, the Zamorin annexed Guruvayur temple and declared the presiding deity as Royal deity of Samoothiri Kovilakom.

This was a huge disappointment to Kochi King. He said, the presiding Deity will follow along with him, not stationed in place where wrongly annexed.

As per astrological calculations, the Kochi King constructed a new temple in the island of Chittor and installed a deity, whom he called as Kochi's Guruvayurappan. This temple later became the famous Chitoor Krishna temple. Legends says, the Kochi Rajas has undiluted devotion to the presiding deity, that untill recently they used to refuse to enter Guruvayur temple, because they consider the real Guruvayur has migrated to Chitoor....

Whatever be it the legends, the island once offered protection to Kochi King, who was at verge of being caught by Zamorin's large army during First war of Kochi. As a token of gratitude, ever since that, annually, Kochi Kings carry out a procession from their Palace to the temple and reside near the temple for the entire 10 day long festival.

The Chittoor Road which passes thro' the city was constructed for this grand procession.
How about this history of Guruvayur? on how it came under Zamorin.

Mamankam was a very famous event at Thirunavaya, on the bank of Bharathappuzha . The war between the Zamorins and the Raja of Valluvanad of Thirunavaya in a way popularised Guruvayur temple. Due to the prolonged war people across the river bank started preferring Guruvayur. Even the Zamorin become a devotee and thus his subjects followed him completely . The central shrine which we see today is said to have been rebuilt in 1638 AD. Vishwabali was performed later to propitiate all the spirits, good and bad. By the end of 16th century Guruvayur had become most popular pilgrimage center in Kerala. In 1716 AD, the Dutch raided Guruvayur. They looted treasures , gold of the flag staff, and set fire to the Western Gopuram. It was later rebuilt in 1747 AD. In 1755AD ,the Dutch in war with the Zamorin destroyed Trikkunavay temple and the Brahmins fled from there.Later the Zamorin become the trustee of both Guruvayur and Trikkunavay, and also their Melkoyma (Sovereign protector). In 1766 AD , Hyder Ali of Mysore captured Kozhikkode (Calicut) and then Guruvayur. He fined 10,000 fanams to spare the temple . This fine was paid but due to insecurity pilgrims receded , the supply of rice was stopped and the tenants stopped annual dues. On the request of the Malabar Governor, Shrnivasa Rao, Hyder Ali granted a Devadaya (free gift) and the temple was saved from extinction. Again in 1789 AD Tippu Sultan invaded Zamorin's province. Apprehending the destruction, the idol was hidden underground and the Utsava vigraha was taken to Ambalapuzha by Mallisseri Namboodiri and Kakkad othikkan. Tippu destroyed the smaller shrines and set fire to the Temple, but it was saved due to timely rain. Tippu lost to the Zamorin and the English in 1792 AD. The idol hidden underground and the Utsava vigraha were re-installed on September 17th , 1792. But the daily poojas and routines were seriously affected.

The Ullanad Panickers rescued and looked after the temple for good 75 years ( 1825 to 1900). Like Chempakassery Namboodiri and Deshavarma Namboodiri ,the Panickers offered everything from service to property. Thus with their help daily pooja and Utsavam (annual festival ) were once again restored.

From 1859 to 1892, the Chuttambalam,the Vilakkumatam, the Koothambalam and Sastha shrine were renovated and roofed with copper sheeting. In 1900, Sri Konthi Menon , as a manager fixed the hours of worship and led the drive to keep the temple premises clean. He set up the big bell and reconstructed Pathayapura (granary). In 1928, the Zamorin once again become the administrator of Guruvayur.

In 1931-32 , Late Kelappan (known as "Kerala Gandhi" ) led the Guruvayur Satyagraham to secure the entry of lower castes in temples. The lower castes were allowed to go only up to Thiyyarambalam, more than about half kilometer from the temple. He started a fast unto death in front of the Eastern Gopuram . He broke the fast at the insistence of Mahatma Gandhi. It did not produce any immediate result but led to the entry of Dalits in various Kerala temples.

In 1947, the Guruvayur temple was also opened for the entry of all Hindus. Later, namaskara sadya (feast ),which was only for Brahmins was scrapped and was opened to everyone irrespective of caste.

Guruvayuronline

I cant see any reference to Kochi kingdom there!
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Old September 23rd, 2011, 05:18 PM   #60
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sanjupalayat View Post
How about this history of Guruvayur? on how it came under Zamorin.

I cant see any reference to Kochi kingdom there!

I wasn't talking History dear Sanju.... This is a legend /Folklore about Chittor Temple among with Royal House..... But for Kochi Royal Family, they consider Chittoor temple as Guruvayur of the Kochi. Even its said, the idols looks similar.... I am not sure!!! Legends are legends... Another legend is there, Chola army infused with Small Pox, when they attacked Thiruvanchikulam-Kodungallor as protection to Chera Emperor by Goddess....

Afterall, all legends are not history... Its mostly mixed with Vazhmozhi
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