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Old November 9th, 2011, 10:39 PM   #1
Maxou2Nantes
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Nantes,France

(from Wikipédia ) Nantes is a city in western France, located on the Loire River, 50 km from the Atlantic coast. The city is the 6th largest in France, while its metropolitan area ranks 8th with over 850,000 inhabitants.[2]

Nantes is the capital city of the Pays de la Loire region and Loire-Atlantique département. It is also the major city of the historic province of Brittany, and culturally remains strongly identified with it.[3]

In 2004, the Time magazine described Nantes as "the most liveable city in Europe".In 2010, Nantes was named a Hub city for innovation in the Innovation Cities Index by innovation agency, 2thinknow.The city was ranked 36th globally from 289 cities and 4th overall in France, behind Paris, Lyon and Strasbourg for innovation across multiple sectors of the economy.

Breton Rule

After Charlemagne's death, Breton expansion intensified. In 850, the region was conquered by Nominoë, the ruler of Brittany, who invaded, among others, the towns of Nantes and Rennes. The following year, in the aftermath of the Battle of Jengland, the Breton March, with Nantes as its capital, was integrated into Brittany by the Treaty of Angers. The subsequent eighty years, however, were made difficult by the constant infighting between the Breton warlords, who promoted Viking invasions, the most spectacular of which took place on the 24th June 843 and resulted in the death of Bishop Gohard of Nantes. The Chronicle of Nantes recounts that, during this period, "The city of Nantes remained for many years deserted, devastated and overgrown with briars and thorns." From 919 to 937, the town was managed by the Vikings, who were defeated by Alain Barbe-Torte, the grandson of Alan the Great, the last king of Brittany.

The Wars of Succession

In the subsequent period, the Dukes of Brittany fought against the Counts of Nantes. These succession feuds resulted from time to time in Nantes passing under the sovereignty of the house of Anjou. The longest of these periods began in 1156 and lasted 45 years, representing a period of stability. In 1203 Brittany came under the dominion of the Capetians, the French monarchy, and under Peter I, Duke of Brittany Nantes enjoyed a resurgence when the Duke made the town his principal residence.

The Second Breton War of Succession pitted the supporters of two different claimants against one another: those of the half-brother of the deceased John III, Duke of Brittany, Jean de Montfort, who relied on the Estates of Brittany who gathered in Nantes, and those of Charles I, Duke of Brittany, who was supported by King Philippe VI of France and was recognised as Duke of Brittany by the peers of the kingdom. The De Montfort dynasty emerged victorious from the conflict, and it made Nantes an impressive capital of the duchy. During the fifteenth century the town developed, largely due to its maritime and river-based trade.

At the end of the fifteenth century, Nantes was of great strategic importance in the war between the King of France and Francis II, Duke of Brittany. The city was conquered in 1488, from which point Brittany was governed by the kings of France. The heir to the duchy, Anne of Brittany, married Charles VIII of France in 1491, and then Louis XII of France, making her Queen of France. At her death in 1514, she bequeathed her heart to the town of Nantes (currently in the Dobrée museum). Claude of France, the eldest daughter of Anne of Brittany, donated the duchy to her husband Francis I of France, but the Estates of Brittany themselves requested the union of Brittany and France in exchange for the continuation of their privileges, which ushered in the next period.

Early Modern Period and after

When the Duchy of Brittany was united to the kingdom of France in 1532 by the Treaty of Plessis-Macé, Nantes kept the Parliament of Brittany for a few years before it was moved to Rennes. In 1598, King Henry IV of France signed the Edict of Nantes here, which granted Protestants rights to their religion.

During the 18th century, prior to abolition of slavery, Nantes was the slave trade capital of France.[13] This kind of trade led Nantes to become the largest port in France and a wealthy city. In 1754 the ship Saint-Phillipe, owned by the Nantes based Jogue brothers crossed the middle passage with 462 slaves in 25 days, whereas vessels earlier in the century would often take up to nine months. Nantes remained the principal slave port until the 1780s. Even after the official end of the slave trade in 1818, the trade continued. Over the next 13 years, 305 expeditions are recorded as having left from Nantes docks for the African coast.[14] When the French Revolution broke out, Nantes chose to be part of it, although the whole surrounding region soon degenerated into an open civil war against the new republic known as the War in the Vendée. On 29 June 1793 the town was the site of a Republican victory in this war. The Loire was also the site of thousands of executions by drowning.[15]

In the 19th century, Nantes became an industrial city. The first public transport anywhere may have been the omnibus service initiated in Nantes in 1826.[citation needed] It was soon imitated in Paris, London and New York. The first railways were built in 1851 and many industries were created. In 1940, the city was occupied by German troops. In 1941, the assassination of a German officer, Lt. Col. Fritz Hotz, caused the retaliatory execution of 48 civilians. The city was twice severely bombed by British forces, on 16 and 23 August 1943, before being liberated by the Americans in 1944.[16]

Until the 1970s, Nantes' harbour was located on the Île de Nantes, when it was moved to the very mouth of the Loire River, at Saint-Nazaire. In the subsequent 20 years, many service sector organisations moved into the area, but economic difficulties forced most of these to close. In 2001, a major redevelopment scheme was launched, the goal of which is to revitalise the island as the new city centre.

In 2003, the French weekly L'Express voted Nantes to be the "greenest city" in France, while in both 2003 and 2004 it was voted the "best place to live" by the weekly Le Point. In August 2004, TIME designated Nantes as "the most livable city in all of Europe."

Nantes, the Old Center :



Castle of the Dukes of Brittany


Poterne Nord

entrée principal du Château, à l'ouest









Cathédrale Saint Pierre



Place Saint Pierre



Strasbourg Street







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Last edited by Maxou2Nantes; February 15th, 2013 at 08:20 PM.
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Old November 9th, 2011, 10:45 PM   #2
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L’Église Sainte Croix


Bouffay district




50 Otage Street



j'adore cet immeuble






Basilique Saint Nicolas





Place Royale :


la Fontaine est une Allégorie de la Loire et de ses Affluents









More Pics coming soon...
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Last edited by Maxou2Nantes; November 9th, 2011 at 11:03 PM.
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Old November 9th, 2011, 10:54 PM   #3
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Wow, that is one amazing and very beautiful city. Thank you very much for sharing, Maxou2Nantes
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Old November 9th, 2011, 10:58 PM   #4
Maxou2Nantes
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no problem

I wait for the second page to post the other photos
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Old November 9th, 2011, 11:35 PM   #5
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Great pictures and amazing city.
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Old November 10th, 2011, 01:00 AM   #6
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Very nice. Something of a petite-Paris with the Haussmannian-type architecture, etc. Most liveable city in Europe, that's quite a title, considering the long list of cities in Europe. Great pics.
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Old November 10th, 2011, 01:20 AM   #7
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Lovely. Is that limestone?
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Old November 10th, 2011, 01:21 AM   #8
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Very intersting. It's very nice that the europeans cities dont have to many skyscrapers.
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Old November 10th, 2011, 01:23 AM   #9
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Ooooh...look at how neat and clean those streetscapes are. The perfect way to showcase those buildings.

That's something you don't find in this country.
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Old November 10th, 2011, 03:00 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by openlyJane View Post
Lovely. Is that limestone?
Freestone named in french " Pierre de Tuffeau " like All the Castles of the Loire Valley very beautiful but very fragile
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Old November 10th, 2011, 03:47 AM   #11
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Nantes is a lovely city. I always had a liking for it.
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Old November 10th, 2011, 09:15 AM   #12
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Gorgeous pics.....thanks for sharing.
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Old November 10th, 2011, 01:51 PM   #13
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Amazing, very nice photos from Nantes
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Old November 10th, 2011, 05:44 PM   #14
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Looks like a clean and beautiful city, rarely seen on SSC!
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Old November 10th, 2011, 07:16 PM   #15
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Great looking city! There seems to be an endless supply of magnificent architecture in French towns of all sizes. I'm jealous now...
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Old November 10th, 2011, 08:45 PM   #16
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZoQdjKHxS0Y&hd=1

NANTES in HD video
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Old November 11th, 2011, 12:21 AM   #17
Maxou2Nantes
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Nantes Post 2000

Many ( 2010 ), ile de Nantes , Quartier de la Création

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Old November 11th, 2011, 12:47 AM   #18
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Quote:
Originally Posted by skymantle View Post
Something of a petite-Paris with the Haussmannian-type architecture, etc.
I thought exactly the same!
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Old November 11th, 2011, 12:52 AM   #19
Maxou2Nantes
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dr.Seltsam View Post
I thought exactly the same!
me too

anyway Nantes is only at two o'clock bets with the TGV ( 24 TGV nantes-Paris everyday ), and many of Parisian's come live in Nantes, seduced by her economic and cultural dynamism, Nantes has all the advantages of Paris without the inconveniences
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Old November 11th, 2011, 12:53 AM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Maxou2Nantes View Post
Nantes Post 2000

Many ( 2010 ), ile de Nantes , Quartier de la Création
Amazingly beautiful.
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