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Regional Development რეგიონული განვითარება

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Old September 24th, 2012, 08:46 PM   #121
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არ ვიცი,ეგეთი ნაგებობაა


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Old September 24th, 2012, 09:41 PM   #122
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არ ვიცი,ეგეთი ნაგებობაა


აუ მაგრა გვენძრევა ბიჭებო
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Old September 29th, 2012, 09:37 AM   #123
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Along with it, construction of a new cathedral in Lazika is also planned, which will be a duplicate of Bana historic cathedral now located on the territory of Turkey.


Ruins of Bana 2007

Bana or Banak (Georgian: ბანა, bɑnɑ) (Armenian: Բանակ, bɑnɑk), is a ruined medieval Christian cathedral in the Erzurum Province, northeastern Turkey, in what had formerly been a historical marchland known to Armenians as Tayk and to Georgians as Tao.

In 302 BC, this territory was absorbed into the ancient Kingdom of Iberia (old name for eastern Georgia) under king Pharnavaz I (who olso wrote the Georgian alphabet). However afterwards it formed part of the Kingdom of Armenia.

Contested between Iberia and Armenia throughout the following centuries, the region was invaded and completely destroyed by the Arabs in the 7th century AD.

Bana is a large tetraconch design, surrounded by a near-rotunda polygonal ambulatory and marked with a cylindrical drum. After the area repassed on to Georgian control in the 8th century (as part of Tao-Klarjeti), the church was reconstructed by the Georgian ruler Adarnase IV at some point between 881 and 923, and emerged in written records in the 11th century Georgian chronicles. Henceforth, it was used as a royal cathedral by the Georgian Bagratid dynasty until the Ottoman conquest of the area in the 16th century. The former cathedral was converted into a fortress by the Ottoman army during the Crimean War in the 1850s and was almost completely ruined during the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78.

Location and etymology
Tao/Tayk, c. 780-1000The Bana cathedral is located on the north bank of the Penek (Irlağaš) river near the village of Penek, in the Şenkaya district of Erzurum Province. "Penek" is a Turkified typonym deriving from the original name of the area: "Banak". Banak means "army" in Armenian and possibly takes its origin from the site in the Berdats Por district of Tayk – then a hereditary Mamikonid fief – where the royal army (Արքունի բանակ, Ark'uni Banak) was headquartered during the rule of Arshakuni in the Kingdom of Armenia in the 1st century. The name entered Georgian usage in the form of Bana because of Georgian phonology makes the "k" sound silent.

HistoryThe dating of the Bana cathedral has been a subject of scholarly debate. The Bana cathedral is first mentioned in the 11th-century chronicle of Sumbat, who reports that the Georgian prince Adarnase IV (r. 881-923) ordered the building of the church of Bana "by the hand" of Kwirike, who subsequently became the first bishop of Bana.[2] While the scholars such as Ekvtime Taqaishvili, Shalva Amiranashvili, and Stepan Mnatsakanyan tend to interpret the passage literally, Chubinashvili, Vakhtang Beridze and Tiran Marutyan identify Adarnase as a renovator, not a builder of the church.

A hypothetical reconstruction of Bana by the Russian architect Anatoly Kalgin, 1907
The arched outer wall of the ambulatoryDevastated during the 8th century by the Byzantine–Arab war, the region of Tayk/Tao was gradually resettled by its new masters, the Georgian Bagratids, and under their patronage a monastic revival took place. With the settlements gradually expanding from the predominantly Georgian-populated north to the predominantly Armenian populated south and south-west, the Georgian princes reconstructed a number of monasteries abandoned by Armenians and built new foundations.


The sole surviving aisle column with its carved capitalFrom the time of Adarnase’s reconstruction, the cathedral of Bana was one of the principal royal churches of the early Georgian Bagratids. It was used for the coronation of Bagrat IV in 1027 and his marriage to Helena, a niece of the Byzantine emperor Romanos III Argyros in 1032. In the 15th century, King Vakhtang IV of Georgia (r. 1442-1446) and his consort Sitikhatun were buried at Bana. It was also the seat of the Georgian Orthodox bishop of Bana, whose diocese also included the neighboring areas of Taos-Kari, Panaskerti, and Oltisi. With the Ottoman conquest of the area in the 16th century, Bana was abandoned by Christians. During the Crimean War (1853–1865), the Ottoman military converted the church into a fortress, adding the crude bulwark still visible on the south side. During the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78, it was shelled by the Russian artillery, blasting the dome off and inflicting severe damage on the edifice. Later the Russians carted off much of masonry to build a late-19th century church in Oltu.

The church was first described and sketched by the German botanist Karl Koch in 1843. He declared it the most remarkable church in the East after the Hagia Sophia. Koch was followed by the Russian ethnographer Yevgeny Veidenbaum in 1879 and the Georgian historian Dimitri Bakradze in 1881. The latter two found the church already without a dome, but reported about still surviving frescos and a Georgian inscription in the asomtavruli script. From 1902 to 1907, the ruins of Bana were scrupulously studied by an expedition led by the Georgian archaeologist Ekvtime Taqaishvili. Inaccessible to Soviet nationals, the monument was a subject of study of some Western scholars during the Cold War era. the cathedral was build because when foreign travelers came into Ibera they would notice that they are entering a mighty kingdom not less than Byzantian empire whit its Ahia sofia.
Source: wikipedia
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Old September 29th, 2012, 12:02 PM   #124
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Originally Posted by sandro_ View Post


Ruins of Bana 2007

Bana or Banak (Georgian: ბანა, bɑnɑ) (Armenian: Բանակ, bɑnɑk), is a ruined medieval Christian cathedral in the Erzurum Province, northeastern Turkey, in what had formerly been a historical marchland known to Armenians as Tayk and to Georgians as Tao.

In 302 BC, this territory was absorbed into the ancient Kingdom of Iberia (old name for eastern Georgia) under king Pharnavaz I (who olso wrote the Georgian alphabet). However afterwards it formed part of the Kingdom of Armenia.

Contested between Iberia and Armenia throughout the following centuries, the region was invaded and completely destroyed by the Arabs in the 7th century AD.

Bana is a large tetraconch design, surrounded by a near-rotunda polygonal ambulatory and marked with a cylindrical drum. After the area repassed on to Georgian control in the 8th century (as part of Tao-Klarjeti), the church was reconstructed by the Georgian ruler Adarnase IV at some point between 881 and 923, and emerged in written records in the 11th century Georgian chronicles. Henceforth, it was used as a royal cathedral by the Georgian Bagratid dynasty until the Ottoman conquest of the area in the 16th century. The former cathedral was converted into a fortress by the Ottoman army during the Crimean War in the 1850s and was almost completely ruined during the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78.

Location and etymology
Tao/Tayk, c. 780-1000The Bana cathedral is located on the north bank of the Penek (Irlağaš) river near the village of Penek, in the Şenkaya district of Erzurum Province. "Penek" is a Turkified typonym deriving from the original name of the area: "Banak". Banak means "army" in Armenian and possibly takes its origin from the site in the Berdats Por district of Tayk ľ then a hereditary Mamikonid fief ľ where the royal army (Արքունի բանակ, Ark'uni Banak) was headquartered during the rule of Arshakuni in the Kingdom of Armenia in the 1st century. The name entered Georgian usage in the form of Bana because of Georgian phonology makes the "k" sound silent.

HistoryThe dating of the Bana cathedral has been a subject of scholarly debate. The Bana cathedral is first mentioned in the 11th-century chronicle of Sumbat, who reports that the Georgian prince Adarnase IV (r. 881-923) ordered the building of the church of Bana "by the hand" of Kwirike, who subsequently became the first bishop of Bana.[2] While the scholars such as Ekvtime Taqaishvili, Shalva Amiranashvili, and Stepan Mnatsakanyan tend to interpret the passage literally, Chubinashvili, Vakhtang Beridze and Tiran Marutyan identify Adarnase as a renovator, not a builder of the church.

A hypothetical reconstruction of Bana by the Russian architect Anatoly Kalgin, 1907
The arched outer wall of the ambulatoryDevastated during the 8th century by the ByzantineľArab war, the region of Tayk/Tao was gradually resettled by its new masters, the Georgian Bagratids, and under their patronage a monastic revival took place. With the settlements gradually expanding from the predominantly Georgian-populated north to the predominantly Armenian populated south and south-west, the Georgian princes reconstructed a number of monasteries abandoned by Armenians and built new foundations.


The sole surviving aisle column with its carved capitalFrom the time of Adarnaseĺs reconstruction, the cathedral of Bana was one of the principal royal churches of the early Georgian Bagratids. It was used for the coronation of Bagrat IV in 1027 and his marriage to Helena, a niece of the Byzantine emperor Romanos III Argyros in 1032. In the 15th century, King Vakhtang IV of Georgia (r. 1442-1446) and his consort Sitikhatun were buried at Bana. It was also the seat of the Georgian Orthodox bishop of Bana, whose diocese also included the neighboring areas of Taos-Kari, Panaskerti, and Oltisi. With the Ottoman conquest of the area in the 16th century, Bana was abandoned by Christians. During the Crimean War (1853ľ1865), the Ottoman military converted the church into a fortress, adding the crude bulwark still visible on the south side. During the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78, it was shelled by the Russian artillery, blasting the dome off and inflicting severe damage on the edifice. Later the Russians carted off much of masonry to build a late-19th century church in Oltu.

The church was first described and sketched by the German botanist Karl Koch in 1843. He declared it the most remarkable church in the East after the Hagia Sophia. Koch was followed by the Russian ethnographer Yevgeny Veidenbaum in 1879 and the Georgian historian Dimitri Bakradze in 1881. The latter two found the church already without a dome, but reported about still surviving frescos and a Georgian inscription in the asomtavruli script. From 1902 to 1907, the ruins of Bana were scrupulously studied by an expedition led by the Georgian archaeologist Ekvtime Taqaishvili. Inaccessible to Soviet nationals, the monument was a subject of study of some Western scholars during the Cold War era. the cathedral was build because when foreign travelers came into Ibera they would notice that they are entering a mighty kingdom not less than Byzantian empire whit its Ahia sofia.
Source: wikipedia

მე მგონი უფო აჯობებს ორიგინალური ბანა, ის რომელიც ტაო-კლარჯეთშია აღვადგინოთ. თურქებმა ჩვენი ტაძრები საპირფარეშოებად აქციეს.

სხვათაშორის ბანა კლასიკურ სომხურ ხუროთმოძღვრულ სტილშია აშენებული.
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Old September 29th, 2012, 01:14 PM   #125
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banas tadzari turqetis teritoriaze imdenad aris dazianebuli ver aRdgenas ar eqvemdebareba, mand mxolod sheidzelba banas xel axla asheneba, rac chemi azrit uazroa imitom rom mand mrevli mainc ar iqneba anu moqmedi tadzari ver iqneba.
rac arqiteqturas sheexeba igi bizantur/somxur stilshia shesrulebuli, magram itvleba rogorc saqartvelos saqandzurad.
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Old September 29th, 2012, 03:28 PM   #126
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This church was beautiful! I hope they will really construct a copy from this church in Lazika.
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Old October 5th, 2012, 07:14 PM   #127
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bidzinam dagvado forumelebs! lazikas vgulisxmob
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Old October 5th, 2012, 08:55 PM   #128
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This church was beautiful! I hope they will really construct a copy from this church in Lazika.

კი კი, ეს მიდი და ბიძინას უთხარი
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Old October 6th, 2012, 10:47 AM   #129
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ბიძინას დედაც..
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Old October 6th, 2012, 10:53 AM   #130
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gamoylevebuli adamiania bidzina ivanishvili! lazika martlac dzalian ambiciuri proeqti iyo magram ara sheusrulebeli @@@@@@@@@@@@@@
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Old October 6th, 2012, 12:13 PM   #131
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abaaa tooo)))))) es naxevrad ashenebul-akvavebuli kalaki ar chazira too))))))) ox bidzina bidzina))))))))))
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Old October 6th, 2012, 01:31 PM   #132
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Quote:
Georgia: Whither the City of Lazika?
October 3, 2012 by Giorgi Lomsadze Tamada Tales Georgia Elections
As several Georgians joked after the game-changing October 1 parliamentary election, “We now have a new government to struggle to get rid of.” But in an historic first for Georgia, that government-to-come may not prove so new.

President Mikheil Saakashvili remains at the helm until October 2013, meaning that he and the leader of the victorious Georgian Dream coalition, Bidzina Ivanishvili (who does not have a seat in parliament), are stuck with each other for another year.

The two men's differences are many, but one thing unites them -- a taste for the kind of post-modern, glass buildings that might come to mind after watching too many reruns of Star Trek. Yet even while united, they are divided at heart.

Ivanishvili was never excited about the president's project to move the parliament out of Tbilisi, and into a rotund, glass-fish-tank-style building in Kutaisi, Georgia's second-largest city. This battle, though, goes to Saakashvili. With parliament's October 22 opening just a few weeks away, there's not much the Georgian Dream can do about it now.

Ivanishvili also was never a fan of the glass Bridge of Peace -- a centerpiece of Saakashvili’s personal Grands Travaux campaign -- which connects the banks of Tbilisi's Mtkvari River.

But at a time when compromise is widely seen as the way forward for Georgia, following-up on calls to pull down the bridge -- or even giving it a few whacks with a sledgehammer -- may not send the best signal right now.

He also has criticized both the form and the content of the glass, egg-domed presidential palace, a structure the billionaire can see from across town in his own cosmic, hillside residence of glass and steel. But the election results themselves might prove his best response here.

In the end, the only likely big architectural victim of Georgia's changed political reality is going to be the Black-Sea city of Lazika, a metropolis that mostly still only exists in President Saakashvili’s head. Just recently, work began on building a “charter city," complete with skyscrapers and ports that, supposedly, will blow everyone’s mind.

Ivanishvili said yesterday that Lazika is not going to happen and that state resources should be spent on other, more pressing matters. Saakashvili's reaction is not known.

Lazika may be missed by some, but if Georgia’s newfound enthusiasm for political coexistence holds strong, there might be a chance in future for actual debate about the feasibility of the government's various building projects. Those who have ridden the empty shuttle train to/from the Tbilisi airport know what we mean.
http://www.eurasianet.org/node/65995

I don┤t think that Lazika will be realized under the new Parlament. And I agree with Ivanishvili better spend the money from this project in much more importent channels!
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Old October 6th, 2012, 09:32 PM   #133
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How are these projects financed? In general how are Georgia's finances? I hope it's not borrowing heavily to build shiny new infrastructure like Spain or Greece.
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Old October 7th, 2012, 12:02 PM   #134
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How are these projects financed? In general how are Georgia's finances? I hope it's not borrowing heavily to build shiny new infrastructure like Spain or Greece.
Most of these projects are financed by state budget!
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Old October 12th, 2012, 04:28 PM   #135
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Quote:
"Georgian Dream" not to Build New City Founded by Georgian President

Wednesday, 10 October 2012

Construction of Lazika city will not continue, number one in the pre-election list of "Georgian Dream" coalition, candidate for Regional Development and Infrastructure Minister of Georgia Kakha Kaladze told reporters.

He said Georgia does not have any resources for the construction of the city.

However, he stressed that all initiated infrastructure projects, including the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway will be brought to an end.

Kaladze said that the first meeting of the working group of the coalition with the staff of the Regional Development Ministry was held, but date of his meeting with the current minister is not specified yet.

"I did not expect my appointment to this post, it is a very important post, I will try to do everything possible for my people", Kaladze said.

According to full the preliminary data of the Georgian Central Election Commission, the Georgian Dream coalition will receive 83 seats in the parliament, and the United National Movement, 67.

Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili laid the foundation of the new city of Lazika on the Black Sea coast in September. The Georgian president presented a plan of development of the city which should be the main port and centre of Georgia and increase capacity for receiving and sending container loads.

Currently, work is underway on the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway which is designed to unite the railway systems of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. The route will be launched by late 2012 and the railway will be fully commissioned in 2013.

Peak capacity of the corridor will be 17 million tons of cargo. This figure will be at the level of one million passengers and 6.5 million tons of cargo initially.

Wednesday, 10 October 2012
http://www.turkishweekly.net/news/14...resident-.html
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Old October 13th, 2012, 01:20 PM   #136
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მგონი ეს თემა უკვე დასახურია. მორჩა ლაზიკას ზღაპარი.
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Old October 13th, 2012, 01:30 PM   #137
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დროებით დასახური!! ბიძინოიდები დიდი ხანი ვერ დარჩებიან ხელისუფლებაში !
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Old October 13th, 2012, 03:48 PM   #138
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Projects of Lazika



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Old October 13th, 2012, 04:45 PM   #139
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zgapari iyo am qalaqis mshenebloba ase rom daiviwyet

rac gvaq isini gvengreva da magat mivxedot
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Old October 18th, 2012, 05:32 PM   #140
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Quote:
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gamoylevebuli adamiania bidzina ivanishvili! lazika martlac dzalian ambiciuri proeqti iyo magram ara sheusrulebeli @@@@@@@@@@@@@@
ambiciuric iyo, saWiroc iyo da Zalianac advilad Sesasrulebeli. saqarTvelos geopolitikuri daniSnulebis gamo mTeli msoflio moiTxovs ufro maStabur ports zustad mand. da amas mohyveba saporto qalaqic. romelic portis fonze SeuZlebelia rom ver Sezdges.

bizinam formumelebs ki ara mTel saqarTvelos dagadoT.
  • afxazeTi veraoo
  • teqstilis industria araoo (TurqeTs konkurencias ver gavuwevTo)
  • tankebi da manqanebi veraoo
  • industriis ganviTarebas energia unda magram energiis eqsporti da 2 axali kaSxali araoo, lamfis Suqi momenatrao. jobia 'mzis batereebio'
    5 welia msoflios lider ganaxlebad energiis danadgarebis qarxanasi vmuSaob da 'mzis bateriebi' ar vicodi ro egeTic arsebobda . da aseTi sisulele ki meore ar msmenia
  • lazika me da putins ar gviswordebao
  • mTavrobam araferi ar unda akeTos rom bizness xeli ar SeuSaloso (Tundac saqarTvelo msoflioSi 1-1 mowinave qveyana iyos biznesis dawyebaSi )
  • televizia da media Tavisufali unda iyoso. ara da tv9 da info9 yvelafers acenzurebs da rac ainteresebT imas nakveTebs aCvenebs.
aba raRas etenebodi?
mokleT exla morCa forumSi jdoma da yvela lurji maisurebis kervaze gadavideT. aa ara.. su damaviwyda rom esec Turqebs unda SeukveToT.


mokleT qeniT rame ra.. gaagdeT.. Zlivs moxda rom qarTveloba gveamayeboda da isev sasircxvo unda gagvxados
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