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Old December 9th, 2011, 02:28 PM   #1
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Old December 9th, 2011, 02:31 PM   #2
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Old December 9th, 2011, 02:50 PM   #3
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Old December 9th, 2011, 03:09 PM   #4
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Old December 9th, 2011, 03:52 PM   #5
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Old December 9th, 2011, 04:18 PM   #6
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Studenica monastery

The Studenica monastery (Манастир Студеница) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery situated 39 km southwest of Kraljevo, in central Serbia. It is one of the largest and richest Serb Orthodox monasteries.

Stefan Nemanja, the founder of the medieval Serb state, founded the monastery in 1190. The monastery's fortified walls encompass two churches: the Church of the Virgin, and the Church of the King, both of which were built using white marble. The monastery is best known for its collection of 13th- and 14th century Byzantine-style fresco paintings.

Studenica was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia, and in 1986 UNESCO included Studenica monastery on the list of World Heritage Sites.

[IMG]http://i55.************/wimwsj.jpg[/IMG]

The monastery Studenica, dedicated to the Presentation of the Holy Virgin, is the mother-church of all Serbian temples. It was constructed over quite long period of time. The first stage works were completed by the spring of 1196, when Stefan Nemanja abandoned his throne and settled in the monastery's foundation. When he later left for Hilandar, his son and successor Stefan took over the care of Studenica. Nemanja died in Hilandar in 1199. Nemanja's third son Sava, after reconciling his brothers Stefan and Vukan, moved Nemanja's relics to Studenica. Under guardianship of Sava, Studenica became the political, cultural and spiritual center of medieval Serbia. Among his other endeavors, Sava composed a "Studenica Typikon", the rule-book where he described St. Simon's (Nemanja's) life, leaving evidence of the spiritual and monastic life of his time.

Studenica enjoyed continual care by the members of the Nemanjić dynasty. King Radoslav added to the church a splendid narthex in 1235. King Milutin built a small but lovely church dedicated to saints Joachim and Anna.

The Virgin's Church is a domed single-nave basilica. At its eastern end there is a three-sided apse, while an extended narthex faces west; there are also vestibules on the north and the south. In the 1230s, a large exonarthex was added. The facades were built with slabs of white marble; inside, the church is revetted with tuff blocks. Externally, the Church harmoniously reconciles two architectural styles, the Romanesque and the Byzantine. The blending of these two styles eventually produced a particular style of architecture known as the Raška School.

[IMG]http://i55.************/2s7w207.jpg[/IMG]

The artistic achievements of the sculpture of Studentica culminate in four portals of the Virgin's Church, primarily the west one, inside between the narthex and the exonarthex. On the north wall under the dome, there is a window made of many square panes with medallions carved on a leaden plaque which represent eight fantastic animals - the symbols of the Virgin's virtues. There are also two rosettes denoting the Divine Eye. The masons came to Studenica most probably from the Adriatic region, perhaps from Kotor, where Nemanja used to have a palace. They left an inscription in Serbian lettering on the tympanum of the west portal.

The Virgin's Church was painted in the first decade of the 13th century. The original frescoes have been partly preserved in the altar area, under the dome, on the west wall, and in the lower registers of the nave. The most splendid representation is that of the Crucifixion, painted on blue background in 1209, one of the paramount achievements in Serbian art. On the south wall there is the "founders' composition" which shows the Virgin taking Nemanja (Simon) with the church model to Jesus Christ as the Magistrate Impartial. The narthex was painted in 1569. Those frescoes include an exquisite representation of the Last Judgment in the upper registers, and the portrait of Nemanja's wife Ana as the nun Anastasija.

The earliest fresco painting in King's church marks the supreme achievement of Byzantine art in the region. The frescoes in Radoslav's narthex and the pareclesions originate from the 1230s and display a close relation to the painting style of the main church. The north chapel, dedicated to St. Nicholas, contains a composition of the Hetoimasia and a cycle dealing with the life of St. Nicholas. In the south chapel one finds the portraits of Nemanja, Stefan the First Crowned and King Radoslav with his wife Ana. On the north wall of the narthex, three dignitaries of the Serbian Church are portrayed - the archbishops Sava, Arsenije and Sava II (Radoslav's brother).

www.manastirstudenica.org.rs
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Old December 9th, 2011, 04:20 PM   #7
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Mileseva monastery

The Monastery church dedicated to the Ascension of the Lord on the River of Milesevka, near city of Priijepolje, was founded by Serbian King Vladislav, c 1234/5. It was here that King Vladislav transferred from Bulgaria the relics of his uncle St. Sava, which he buried in 1236. The body of Vladislav himself was laid here as well.

[IMG]http://i53.************/21jtbo3.jpg[/IMG]

Mileseva (serb. Mileševa) is one of the most important Serbian sanctuaries and spiritual centers. Some historians believe that the coronation of King Tvrtko I of Bosnia took place in Mileševa. In 1594, the Turks removed the relics of the greatest Serbian saint, St. Sava from the monastery and publicly burned them on Vracar hill in Belgrade, making him thus a posthumous martyr.

The Monastery was also famous as a printing centre at the time of the Turkish occupation. In the first half of the sixteenth century, the first service books were illuminated here.

The first group of frescoes were produced in the 1230s. The other groups include works from the Turkish period, to be found in the exonarthex. These thirteenth century frescoes may be considered to be the supreme achievement of all the painting in Europe of that time.

[IMG]http://i51.************/2vmu23n.jpg[/IMG]

White Angel (Serbian: Бели анђео) is a detail of a world famous fresco from the Mileševa monastery circa 1230 AD in Serbia, Mironosnice na Hristovom grobu (Myrrhbearers on Christ's Grave). It is also one of the most famous frescoes in Serbian culture. It depicts an angel sitting in front of the tomb of Christ. This monastery belongs to a Latin period in Byzantine art.

The first satellite broadcast in 1963 between Europe and North America sent a picture of White Angel from Mileševa in first broadcasting frames to salute American people from Europeans. Later the same signal was transmitted to space to meet eventual extraterrestrial life forms. It once again contained the White Angel, as it has been recognized world wide as a true and unique message of overall peace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mile%C5%A1eva_monastery
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Old December 9th, 2011, 04:21 PM   #8
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Zica Monastery

The Zica monastery, with the church of the Ascension, was founded at the beginning of 13th century. Its ktetor (founder) was King Stephen the Firstcrowned. In 1219, after the Serbian Church gained independence, the Zica monastery became the first archbishopric see. The church facades are painted red after Athonite models. At the end of 13th century the monastery was damaged by the Mongol Raid. It was restored by the King Milutin at the beginning of 14th century. In the main monastery church the superb fresco paintings from 1220 and from the beginning of 14th century are preserved. To the east of the main church, the small church of St. Theodore Thyron and St. Theodore Stratilatos was built in 14th century.

[IMG]http://i52.************/5cx7vt.jpg[/IMG]

The red color of the exterior walls is a symbol of the blood of the martyrs of the early Christian church.

Žiča was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Serbia. In 2008, Žiča celebrated 800 years of existence.

There is a village near the Greek city of Ioannina (NW Greece, periphery of Epirus), also named Zitsa. It was founded during the Late Middle Ages, probably when the Serbs had gained a short-lived control over the Despotate of Epirus, and historians believe that it was named after the monastery.

[IMG]http://i55.************/24pe73c.jpg[/IMG]
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Old December 9th, 2011, 04:34 PM   #9
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Old December 9th, 2011, 05:03 PM   #10
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Old December 9th, 2011, 05:38 PM   #11
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Old December 9th, 2011, 06:17 PM   #12
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Old December 9th, 2011, 06:32 PM   #13
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Old December 9th, 2011, 07:10 PM   #14
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Old December 9th, 2011, 07:53 PM   #15
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Old December 9th, 2011, 08:09 PM   #16
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Old December 9th, 2011, 08:23 PM   #17
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Old December 9th, 2011, 08:39 PM   #18
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Old December 9th, 2011, 08:58 PM   #19
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Old December 9th, 2011, 09:22 PM   #20
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