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Old December 11th, 2011, 08:34 AM   #1
thalapathy_1
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Salem-The Mango City/History And Landmarks/

Hi friends I think its necessary to know the history of our salem city.And also to know the landmarks such as temples and buildings.So post the relevent news of Salem city in this thread.
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Old December 11th, 2011, 08:46 AM   #2
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Salem is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

The city is well known for its delicious Mangoes.

The town is surrounded by hills on all sides: Nagaramalai to the north, Jarugumalai to the south, Kanjamalai to the west, and Godumalai to the east. It is divided by the river Thirumanimuthar in the main division. The fort area is the oldest part of the town.

Salem is a part of the Kongu Nadu, an ancient division of Tamilakam comprising the western part of Tamil Nadu and is at the base of the popular tourist destination of Yercaud hills. Yercaud is also called as Ooty of the poor. There are also remote sites of beauty such as Kiliyur falls and Kavery peak.

The name Salem appears to have been derived from hai or Shalya or Sayilam or Sailam which are found in inscriptions referring to the country around the hills.

In 2007, Salem became a rail-division and this was formally inaugurated on 1 November 2007 by the Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi and Former Indian Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav.The Salem rail-division was carved out of the Palakkad rail-division in Kerala and also includes the Salem-Vriddhachalam-Cuddalore line earlier under the Tiruchirapalli rail-division.
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Old December 11th, 2011, 08:52 AM   #3
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Salem is well known for Mangoes.The nick name for salem is "Mango City".

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Old December 11th, 2011, 08:55 AM   #4
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Panamarathu patti Lake.

In olden days this lake servers as drinking water purpose for salem city.

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Old December 11th, 2011, 08:58 AM   #5
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The main Land mark of the city is Salem Central Bus Terminous commonly called by people as Salem new bus stand.

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Old December 11th, 2011, 09:00 AM   #6
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The old image of Yercaud.
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Old December 11th, 2011, 01:07 PM   #7
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Sankagiri Tipu Sultan Fort.It is located 35km from SALEM city.

In sankari, the king tippu sultan has constructed a secret underground passage to mysore city in the 18th century.

.

Another one.

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Old December 11th, 2011, 01:17 PM   #8
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Tharamangalam kailasanathar Temple.

It is located 12 km west of SALEM city.

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Old December 11th, 2011, 02:09 PM   #9
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LANDMARKS:

Salem is one of the division in southern railway.It is bifurcated from palakkad and trichy railway division.Comprising of 842 km within the division limits.The major cities within this division is coimbatore,salem,erode and tirupur.

This is the head of the salem railway division. A landmark.

.

Town railway station another landmark.

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Salem Airport.Not working now.But have great future.

.

Salem collectorate.

.

Salem government super speciality hospital.

.
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Old December 11th, 2011, 03:46 PM   #10
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The Great Mon Fort School.Land Mark of yercaud.

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Old December 11th, 2011, 07:25 PM   #11
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Nice thread...
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http://www.tamilselvi.com/History-Of-Salem.html

The name Salem is derived from word “ SAILAM “ denoting an area surrounded by Mountains . These mountains were important factor for Salem’s industrial Development . Salem is famous for stainless steel ,Salem
magnasite and handlooms. Kottai Marriamman Temple and Sugavaneswarar Temple are located in the heart of the Town. There is a Government Museumin Salem near to the Collectorate.

The name Salem appears to have been derived from Sela or Shalya or Sayilam which are found in inscriptions referring to the country around the hills. Local folklore has it that the region around Salem was the birthplace of the Tamil poetess Avvaiyar Inscriptions from the Ganga dynasty have been recovered from parts of the district. The city lies in the region that was once part of Kongu Nadu

Salem region remained under the Madurai Nayaks. Later, in the early 18th century, it came under Hyder Ali after a long feud know as the Mysore-Madurai war. Salem was then taken from Hyder Ali by Colonel Wood in the beginning of 1768. It was recaptured by Hyder ali towards the end of the year 1772. Under Lord Clive in 1799, it was again occupied by a detachment of the regiment stationed at Sankari Durg and remained a military station until 1861 when the troops were altogether withdrawn. you can still have the places like Magnum chowltry dated now Magudanchavadi.

Geography and Climate

Salem is located at 11°40′10″N 78°08′27″E / 11.669437°N 78.140865°E / 11.669437; 78.140865.[3] It has an average elevation of 278 metres (912 ft). Salem is surrounded by hills and the landscape is dotted with hillocks.

Politics

Salem consists of Three assembly constituencies: Salem North, Salem South and Salem West, which are part of Salem Many great personalities including Salem Ramasamy Mudaliar, C. Vijayaraghavachariar, Pagadala Narasimhalu Naidu, C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) and Dr. P. Subbarayan started their political careers in Salem.

METTUR DAM

As of 2001 Indian Census[5] the Salem Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 751,438, comprising Salem Municipal Corporation (696,760), Kondalampatti (16,808), Kannankurichi (14,994), Neykkarappatti (9,869), Mallamooppampatti (6,783) and Dalavaipatti (6,224). Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Salem has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 64.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 72%. In Salem, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The city has grown leaps and bounds in the last two decades, which can be observed from the official census data. Population in 1991: 499,024 & Population in 2001: 696,760. World-Gazetteer has projected the population of the city in 2009 to be 872,361 which makes the city to be the 4th largest populous city in the state. However, the official figures are expected sometime in 2011.

Tharamangalam

Tharamangalam is situated 27kms from Salem. The place is famous for Kailasanathar Temple. It has beautiful statues and stone carvings. Figures of tortorise , fish , monkey , Crocodile are carved out the walls and granite roofs. Statues of Rathi - Manmatha , Vali- Sukrive of the epic Ramayana and Yali with rotating stone ball in its mouth. The rotating lotus flower in the seiling are some of the beautiful futures,which adorn the Temple.

Entertainment

Salem has long been established as a city of cinema theatres. It was unique in having a large number of cinema theatres at a particular place called Kitchipalayam. In 80s at the peak there was almost 28 theatres showing all kind of cinemas including Hollywood movies, Dubbed movies and old movies. But currently there are about 15 theatres there as some of them were closed and even now there are about 15 theatres functioning. Some of the famous theatres are ARRS Multiplex, BIG CINEMAS, etc, Salem is also emerging as one of the major shopping centers in the recent past. Saradha College Road and the Omalur Road have witnessed lots of growth in the shopping and retail portfolio, Kandaswarna Shopping Mall, Kandaswarna Mega Mall, Spencers, More for you, There also a good number of hotels and restaurants present in the city.

Salem is renowned for fabric exports, dating back to 1930's. Salem is the major exporter of fabric / cloth items until the recent development of Tirupur as a knitted garment export hub. Salem is also popular for its mangoes and are exported to different parts of the World. Plans are underway to build a mango pulp factory near Salem to export conditioned mango pulp.

Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

Being one of the fastest growing tier II cities, the Tamil Nadu government and ELCOT are planning to establish an IT park in Salem covering about 160 acres (0.65 km2) SAIL is planning a Steel SEZ inside the Salem Steel plant covering about 250 acres (1.0 km2)

There is an exclusive Electrical and Electronics Industrial Estate in the Suramangalam area of Salem city.

Mariamman temples

There are several Mariamman temples in Salem. Every year around July the city celebrates Mariamman festival for a fortnight. During this festival, goddess Mariamman is decorated with jewellery and flower chariots and taken around the city at midnight. On the first important day of the festival, people walk on fire (note: devotees call fire as flower) with their prayers. The second day is colourful with parades of fancy dress. Shevapet Mariamman temple car is the biggest one among the cars of Amman temples across the state. This festival is celebrated for a week. The Kottai Marriamman temple is very famous not only in Salem but throughout Tamil Nadu.

There is an Alagirnathar Thirukoil popularly known as "Kottai Perumal Koil", located at the heart of the city. The temple has been built centuries ago and has some beautiful sculptures. "Vaikunta Ekadasi" is the most famous festival in the temple, and on that day, lakhs of devotees visit the temple.In this temple, other festivals such as Brahmotsavam, Pavithrotsavam, Navarathri, and Puratasi are celebrated at good spirit. Thousands of devotees throng the temple during these days. "Aandaal Thirukalyanam" is a famous utsavam in the temple for which a special garland is brought from Sri Villi Puttur.

Sugavaneshwarar temple

The Sugavaneshwarar temple is also a very important shrine of Salem. Mythology records that sage Sugha Brahmarishi worshiped the lord here. Arunagirinadhar has sung a song on Lord Muruga in Sugavaneshwarar temple. There is Shri Hanuman, Ashram popularly known as Sri Baktha Varaprasadha Anjaneyar, Ashram, located at the heart of the city. Shri Hanuman also known as Shri Anjaneyar is enshrined in this Ashram. Shri Hanuman Jayanthi; Shri Ramanavami and New year celebrations are most famous events in this Ashram. The most important practice in this Ashram is, reciting Sundara Kandam of Ramayana, the most famous epic of India. The popular belief is that, Shri Hanuman is ardently listens to all the devotees while they recite the Sundara Kandam and blesses all the deveotees as well. At Seelanaickenpatty there is another hill for Lord Murugan, named Oothumalai. Kumaragiri is a small temple for Lord Muruga. It is situated 5 km from Salem city. A Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama is located in Salem. It was started in 1928 and made a branch of the mission in 1941. A relatively new ISKCON ashram is also present at Salem.

All parts of Salem are covered by mosques. Jamia masjid in Bazaar St, Meltheru and Keeltheru Mosques in Fort, mosques near railway junction and New integrated bus terminal, mosques in Ammapet, 5 Roads and Gugai are the famous one. Moreover there is a famous Arabic college located near Tamil Nadu Magnesite, Salem, offering world-class Arabic studies to the students.

Infant Jesus Church

Infant Jesus Church is situated at Four Roads, Salem. In 1930, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salem. The Bishop is Sebastianappan Singaroyan and the cathedral is the Infant of Jesus Cathedral. Also, Eden Gardens School near Gandhi Road area has an attached prayer hall which functions as LEF.

Yercaud

Yercaud is a hill station near Salem, Tamil Nadu, India in the Servarayan range of hills (anglicized as Shevaroys) in the Eastern Ghats. It is at an altitude of 1515 metres (4969 feet) above the mean sea level. The town gets its name from the lake located at its center - in Tamil "Yeri" means "lake" and "Kaadu" means "forest". Yercaud is known for coffee plantations and orange groves. It also has an orchidarium run by the Botanical Survey of India.

The highest point in Yercaud is the Servarayan temple. Hence the Yercaud hill area is called Shevaroy Hills.

Yercaud is also known as Poor man's Ooty.
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Old December 11th, 2011, 07:31 PM   #12
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Kolli Hills

Kolli Hills of Tamilnadu- the great ancient place for black magic practice.

Source

Kolli Hills (Tamil: கொல்லி மலை) is a small mountain range located in central Tamil Nadu in India. The mountains are about 1000 to 1300 m ASL and cover an area of approximately 280 km². The Kolli Hills has 72 hair pen bends to reach the top of the hills. The Kolli Hills are part of the Eastern Ghats, which is a mountain range that runs mostly parallel to the east coast of South India. The mountains are relatively untouched by commercial tourism and still retain their natural beauty. They were sometimes known as "Kolli Malai", the "Mountains of Death". Kolli Hills is an unspoilt , unknown Hill station. Located at -Latitude: 10°12' - 11°7'N, Longitude: 76° - 77°56'E.

The Hills is situated in the Eastern Namakkal, part of the Trichy & Namakkal Forest Division in the state of Tamil Nadu. Its a pretty hill station with a pleasant cool climate. Kolli hills temperature never rises above 30ºC or falls below 13ºC. This is one hill station where one does not feel the biting cold of winter. With such a salubrious climate, kolli hills can be visited round the year, clouds are seen round the year- its another amazing scene in south India.

History: The Kolli Hills are featured in several works of classical Tamil literature such as Silappathigaram, Manimekalai, Purananuru and Ainkurnuru. The region was ruled by Valvil Ori around 200 A.D., who is praised as one of the seven great philanthropists of ancient Tamil Nadu. His valor and marksmanship are sung by several poets, and his exploits are a popular part of folklore. Ori is said to have killed a lion, bear, deer and a boar with a single arrow.

The hills are said to be guarded by Kollipavai, the local deity. According to legend, the sages chose Kolli hills when they were looking for a peaceful place to do their penance. However, the demons invaded the hills to disrupt the penance when the sages began their rituals. The sages prayed to Kollipavai, who according to the myth, chased away the demons with her enchanting smile. The Kollipavai is still worshiped by the people here and her smile is revered. The mountains have several mythological legends associated with them, and often come across as an eerie place in contemporary tales due to the unexplored and less traveled terrain.
The Kollihills is a sub taluk and forms a part of Namakkal district. Semmedu is the headquarters for the Kolli hills and Semmedu is connected by road to Namakkal and Salem. There is also one Horse track used by the Britishers connecting Semmedu to Chinna Pallamparai at plains through Vasalur Nadu.

Farming & Vegetation: Apart from its historical significance, the mountains are covered with evergreen forests, but increasing areas of forests have been cleared for farming. Important farm products of the mountain ranges include coffee, tea, jackfruit, pineapple, black pepper and other spices. Rice and other minor millets form the staple food of the tribal people who inhabit these mountains. The jackfruit grown on these mountains is well known for its taste and fragrance and is often soaked in wild honey that is also harvested from these mountains. The mountains are covered by lush green vegetation in the spring and monsoon, and are streaked with streams which add to the natural beauty. There are three reserved forests that are controlled by the Government of Tamil Nadu, namely Ariyur Solai, Kundur Nadu, Pulianjolai It is not correct to regard the name kolli hills as being due to the incidence of deadly diseases such as malaria!It is because early literature records the existence of an image called kollippavai on top of these hills.This image was believed to represent the spirit of a maiden who lured wayfarers by her beauty and then killed them.

Religious Significance: The mountain is a site of pilgrimage, because of the Arapaleeswarar temple, which is believed to have a secret path to the Shiva temple in Rasipuram. This Shiva temple is said to have been built by Valvil Ori in the 1st or 2nd century when he ruled this area. "Arappaleeswara sathakam" is the poem which praises the Lord Arappaleeswarar. It is believed that this temple exists during the Sangam period itself.

Tourism: Kolli Hills has to be explored in a leisure space. Kolli Hills has been the top choice for nature lovers, hiking enthusiasts, trekking clubs and meditation practitioners among hill stations in Tamil Nadu. In comparison to other hill stations in Tamil Nadu, Kolli Hills is not commercialized, less polluted and offers unique mountain ranges.

Some of the famous spots are

Agaya Gangai Waterfalls
Siddhar caves
Mini Falls
Arappaleeswar Temple
Ettukai Amman Temple
Masi Periyasamy Temple and falls
Selur View Point
Boat House
Botanical Garden
Seekuparai viewpoint
Sandana Parai
German swami's ashram
Puranikadu Sat Dharma sangam ashram

What do u do in Kolli Hills

Trekking

Nature Walk

Rock Climbing

Rappelling

Bird watching

cave exploration

star gazing

Camp fire

Watching local folklore/Folk dance with campfire.
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Old December 14th, 2011, 01:45 PM   #13
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1000years old Kothandaramar temple at Ayyodhiyapatinam is under renovation at the cost of 1crore.

கோதண்டராமர் கோயில் சீரமைப்புப் பணிகள்

First Published : 12 Dec 2011 11:26:51 AM IST

Last Updated :


சேலம், டிச. 11: சேலம் மாவட்டம் அயோத்தியாப்பட்டணம் கோதண்டராமர் கோயிலில் ரூ.1 கோடி மதிப்பில் சீரமைப்புப் பணிகள் நடைபெறுகின்றன.

இத்திருப்பணிக்கு பக்தர்கள் நன்கொடை வழங்கலாம் என்று கோயில் நிர்வாக அலுவலர் மா. சுதா, திருப்பணிக் குழுத் தலைவர் எஸ். மாணிக்கம் ஆகியோர் வேண்டுகோள் விடுத்துள்ளனர்.

இது குறித்து அவர்கள் வெளியிட்டுள்ள செய்திக் குறிப்பு: சுமார் ஆயிரம் ஆண்டுகள் பழைமைவாய்ந்த அயோத்தியாப்பட்டணம் கோதண்டராமர் திருக்கோயிலில் அழகிய வேலைப்பாடுகள் மிகுந்த 28 தூண்கள், மூலிகைகளால் வரையப்பட்ட ஓவியங்கள் புகழ்பெற்றவையாக உள்ளன. இந்நிலையில் ராஜகோபுரம் சிதிலமடைந்த நிலையில் உள்ளது. மேலும் பல பணிகளைச் சேர்த்து கோயிலை திருப்பணி செய்ய முடிவு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது.

சுமார் ரூ.18.25 லட்சத்தில் ராஜகோபுரம், ரூ.21.90 லட்சத்தில் தேர் புதுப்பிக்கும் பணி, 33 அடி உயரம் கொண்ட கொடிமரத்தை ரூ.3.75 லட்சத்தில் புதுப்பிக்கும் பணி, தலா ரூ.10 லட்சம் செலவில் அலங்கார மண்டபம், தெப்பகுளம் சீரமைக்கும் பணிகள் நடைபெற்று வருகின்றன. மொத்தம் சுமார் ரூ.1 கோடி மதிப்பில் திருப்பணிகள் செய்யப்படுகின்றன. பெரும்பாலான பணிகள் தொடங்கி நடைபெற்று வரும் நிலையில், விரைந்து குடமுழுக்கு செய்ய முடிவு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது.

எனவே, கோயில் திருப்பணிக்கு நன்கொடை செலுத்த விரும்புபவர்கள் கோயில் நிர்வாக அலுவலரை நேரிலோ, 8098121383 என்ற எண்ணிலோ தொடர்பு கொண்டு நன்கொடை அளிக்கலாம் என்று கூறியுள்ளனர்.


http://dinamani.com/edition/Story.as...ர் கோயில் சீரமைப்புப் பணிகள்
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Old December 15th, 2011, 09:25 PM   #14
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Oothumalai temple.

Near seelanaichanpatti byepass.

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Old December 15th, 2011, 09:27 PM   #15
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Annamalaiyar temple.

Thalaicholai-Yercaud.

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Old December 15th, 2011, 09:29 PM   #16
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Sri venkatesa perumal kovil.

Fairlands.

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Old December 15th, 2011, 09:30 PM   #17
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Vinayaka mission university.

Ariyanoor.

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Old December 17th, 2011, 06:45 PM   #18
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YERCAUD...

Tripura sundari Mahameru Temple.....

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Old December 17th, 2011, 06:46 PM   #19
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Another view of Annamalaiyar temple....

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Old December 17th, 2011, 06:48 PM   #20
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Sugavaneswarar temple....

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