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Old December 21st, 2011, 11:39 AM   #1
buho
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Teruel - Spain



Teruel is the smallest province capital of Spain, with only 35.000 inhabitants, in a 145.000 inhabitants region, with a population density of 9,93 per km2 (the average population density in Spain is 90 per km2, and Europe is 70 km2). Is one of the coldest zones of Spain, the low temperatures can drop to -10º.

It's famous due to its slogan "Teruel existe" (Teruel exists) that claims equality for a forgiven and underpopulated region. It was founded in 1181, and the muslim Tirwal was converted into Teruel, being the 14th century the most important times for the city. In the late 19th-first 20th century, the city emerges with the industrial ages, and since the 90's of the 20th century it's a touristic little city, including the mudéjar towers as a World Heritage Site of UNESCO.

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Teruel Panoramica por jaimetello, en Flickr

The old town is completely surrounded by the Óvalo avenue, in the previous location of the medieval walls.



One of the main entries to the city is this art decó viaduct, built in 1929.



Out of the walls there is the train station, a sober early 20th century building.



Very close are the steps, the "Escalinata mudéjar", that connects the train station and the old quarter.



Was built in 1921, mixing mudéjar and modernism styles.





In the top part there is a relief with the kiss of the Teruel lovers ("los Amanates de Teruel"), one of the main symbols of the city, as Teruel is also know as "the Lovers city" ("la ciudad de los Amantes").





The coat of arms.



The lamps are the most modernist elements, one of them with a bat. That's because Teruel colaborated in the conquer of Valencia, cuyo wich symbol is the bat.





Upstairs.





An official building, in the place of an old convent.



You can go up in an elevator if you're too lazy to go up by the stairs.



The Óvalo avenue still preserves some towers among the new buildings. This is the Ambeles tower, 15th century, with a strange mudéjar star shape.



The San Esteban one, nowadays is a restaurant.



There are quite late 19th century-early 20th century buildings, most of them modernism style. Perruca building.



Built in 1917, for the Torán family, one of the most relevant in Teruel.

[IMG]http://i42.************/167wpkg.jpg[/IMG]

To be continue...
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Old December 21st, 2011, 12:25 PM   #2
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A common street walking into the city centre.

[IMG]http://i40.************/154yf4w.jpg[/IMG]

Ferrán house, one of the main modernist buildings of Teruel. Was built by Pau Monguió, catalan architect who made most of his buildings in Teruel and Tortosa.

[IMG]http://i40.************/2rdi4na.jpg[/IMG]

Was built in 1910, and is divided in two parts, there is an ugly building in the middle... That's the corner part.

[IMG]http://i44.************/1shbaq.jpg[/IMG]

And the facade.

[IMG]http://i42.************/2ibl2qh.jpg[/IMG]

The main door, sculpted with vegetable, organic shapes.

[IMG]http://i41.************/315cwn7.jpg[/IMG]

Artistic iron works.

[IMG]http://i42.************/m8cu8j.jpg[/IMG]

We arrive at the Torico square (plaza del Torico, "torico" means "little bull"), meeting point of the city. Has a triangular shape with porchs.



There are in the square some of the best buildings of the city and it's 100 metres away from the main monuments, the cathedral and the mudéjar towers.



The torico fountain is the predominant element, made in 1858. Although it's very little, the bronze bull weights more than 50 kg. The legend says that king Alfonso II followed a fighting bull that was guided by a star, and founded the city in the place the bull stopped.



The star was called Actuel, and the mix of toro and Actuel, the result was Teruel.



At the back, the Torico house, another Pau Monguió modernist building, made in 1912.



It has some arab influence, with horseshoe archs.



The corner tower is in green, sacred colour for the muslims, and the colour of the typical ceramics colour of Teruel.



That's not the only Pau Monguio's building in the square, there's the Madrileña building too.



Built in 1912 too, has a very narrow facade (4'5 metres), and is much more influenced by catalan modernism.





Panoramic pic of a square lateral.

[IMG]http://i39.************/313p4ed.jpg[/IMG]

When I was in Teruel, a novembers weekend, the square was completely empty day and night, lifeless. At the city festivals is really different. Pic from blog mondepetit.wordpress.com



To be continue...
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Old December 21st, 2011, 02:26 PM   #3
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Taking a street from the Torico square we get closer to the cathedral. But I saw before one of the famous mudéjar towers, San Martín.



I'll get closer later...

[IMG]http://i43.************/24fb7ds.jpg[/IMG]

At the cathedral square there's the town hall too, an 18th century building.



And Santa María de Mediavilla cathedral. That's one of the four Unesco World heritage site towers, the same as the dome (cimborrio in spanish) and the wood roof as well.



Cathedrals tower and the house of the deán, an ecclesial authority.



It's a typical ancestral house of 16th century.



Inserted in the facade, the Deán fountain, a little and humble 16th century fountain.



In the tympanum, the bull and the star, symbol of Teruel.



The tower, built in 1257, is the tallest of the city because it's the cathedral, the upper part was included at the 17th century.



It combines a romanic structure with mudéjar elements. What's mudéjar? It's an architectonic influence from al-Andalus and moorish art, in christian buildings, a style you only can find in Spain.



The main door was made in 1909, by architect Pau Monguió, mixing new-mudéjar style and modernism.



"Assumpta est in caelum" written at the top. The door fixes perfectly with the old cathedral.







The modernism iron work, in fact very similar to 15th century iron works inside the cathedral.



A housing building.



Passing under the tower.



The square at the other side of the cathedral. A bishops sculpture and the bishop's palace, nowadays a religious art museum.



In front of the cathedral the Sacred heart convent, neogothic.



The north gate is baroque, year 1696, quite normal.





The dome, built in 1538.



It's a mix of mudéjar and renaissance styles.



To be continue...
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Old December 21st, 2011, 03:54 PM   #4
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Nice, interesting thread....thanks for the beautiful pics.
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Old December 21st, 2011, 04:15 PM   #5
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Absolutely wonderful, never heard of this place but I'm intrigued by your descriptions and great photos, especially of the modernisme architecture. Fantastic buho... bravo and
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Old December 21st, 2011, 04:20 PM   #6
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Didn't know about this city, it looks very nice, reminds of Toledo!
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Old December 21st, 2011, 08:01 PM   #7
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I like this place; very nice photos from this town
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Old December 21st, 2011, 11:14 PM   #8
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Thank you guys!

The dome, the pillars are painted in red and white, emulating the mosque of Córdoba.



The ribs don't converge into the centre, they form a star, typical of caliphal domes in al-Andalus, a model that survived in Spain during centuries.



St Lucas with the bull.



Three simple gothic naves.



You can see a piece of the wood roof, but now we are gonna see the altarpiece.





Was made in 1536 by a french artist.



The choir iron work, late 15th century.



18th century silver monstrance.



Now the roof. It's 32 metres long, was made during the 14th century and it's completely painted.



All kind of scenes: hauntings, battles, religious, fantastic and real animals, even bed scenes and the complete process of making the mudéjar roof.









Lateral chapel.



Baptist chapel.



To be continue...
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Old December 22nd, 2011, 10:02 AM   #9
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As it was raining, it was a good moment to visit the provincial museum of Teruel. It's in a 16th century renaissance palace.



It was converted into a museum in the 70's, and hosts archeological pieces found in the region.



Spoons and other tools.



Some typical ceramic pieces from Teruel, in white and green colours. The oldest pieces are from the 12th century.



Recreation of an old pharmacy.



The long piece is a hannukiya, a jewish ritual lamp of the 15th century.



In the upper room (I think the museum has 5 floors) there is a roman mosaic that belonged to a roman villa in Calanda village, II-IV d.C. centuries.



A leopard in first term.



That's the best piece of the museum IMHO. It's a small roman brazier made in the 1st century, very well preserved, with four lion legs, duck face handles and mythological reliefs.



And the last jewel is this moorish can, coming from Albarracín, 11th century.



Next point is San Pedro church. This is the second mudéjar tower, World Heritage of UNESCO. Was built in the 13th century, and it's the lowest and oldest tower.



It's very similar to the cathedral, the same as both 14th century towers are almost identical.



Inside it's a XIV-XV century church, but there was a fire in the 19th century, so was completely reset by Pau Monguió in 1896-1902 in modernism style.





In my opinion it's excessively ornated, it looks very kitsch...



16th century renaissance altarpiece.



St Peter as first bishop of christianity.

[IMG]http://i42.************/mtbl7r.jpg[/IMG]

The gothic cloister.



In the 19th century remodelation the walls were plastered. Modernism cantilevers.



They have erased the plaster in one arch, so we can see how the original cloister was, with mudéjar archs.



Little mudéjar towers on the roof.



You can get to the upper part of the tower so you can see the city, although it's not easy because there are big glass walls...



Cathedral.





One of the 14th century towers.



Detail of a column in the tower. That hand is Fatima's hand, a muslim amulet in a christian church. That's not uncommon in Spain, most of Teruel's builders (alarife, in spanish) were moorish.



To be continue...
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Old December 22nd, 2011, 02:28 PM   #10
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So much awesome architecture in a city that I have never heard about before. I'm ashamed.
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 01:14 AM   #11
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Galro, i bet 99% of spanish people have never been in Teruel, so don't be ashamed!
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 02:34 AM   #12
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This is a great and very interesting thread...thank you for sharing, my friend Teruel looks so amazing and it really should be more known to people Keep up the good work with posting photos from this stunning city
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 12:53 PM   #13
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Thanks aarhus, there are some pics left!

Inside of San Pedro church we also have the lovers mausoleum. They were two teenagers who lived in the 13th century.



They were Isabel de Segura and Diego Martínez de Marcilla. Isabel was from a rich family, and Diego too, but the problem was Diego was the 3rd son, so his destiny was to be a priest, he was going to inherit nothing, so Isabel's family didn't want him as her husband.



So there was an option: getting richness and glory at the war. He was given a 5 years period, so he went to war against muslims in Valencia in 1212. He came back in 1217 as a knight, but the city was celebrating a party... That was the day of Isabel wedding with an important lord of Albarracín. Diego was completely downhearted, asked Isabel for a kiss and promised he would leave Teruel forever. But Isabel denied him a kiss.



Suddenly, Diego died, his heart was broken. The next day, Isabel went to the funeral and gave to his dead body the kiss she had denied him the day before... and she died too. Here the detail of the hands, very close but not in contact, symbol of a love didn't materialise.



Their mummies were found at the 16th century, and have been shown since then because the legend was already famous. It has been scientifically proven they are a man and a woman, and they lived in the 13th century.



Nowadays they are in the Inmaculada capel, baroque of the 18th century.



After tris tragic story we see one of San Pedro's door. Why some pics have so low quality? Because they were shot with my camera (my ex-camera, fortunately) because it was raining, the good quality pictures were made with my girlfriends great camera.



Mudéjar archs at the apse.





It's close to the Bayo house, another 1903 modernist building.







Anonymous modernist house.



San Miguel church.



Seminary, rebuilt after Spanish civil war (1936-1939).



Out of the walls, some interesting buildings, like this provincial archives, early 20th century.



Ant the archs, in fact it's an aqueduct built in 1554 to bring the water to the city.





Bomb tower.



And now some places I wasn't, so pics aren't mine. In first place, an iron bridge made in 1868 over Turia river (the Turia is the same river of Valencia) and San Francisco church. Pic by unaventanadesdemadrid.com



San Francisco is a gothic church of 14th century. Foto de unaventanadesdemadrid.com



A popular fountain, 1868. Foto de unaventanadesdemadrid.com



Virgen del Carmen hermitage, another modernist building by Pau Monguió. Foto de unaventanadesdemadrid.com



The medieval wall of 12th century is still preserved in some places. Foto de terueltirwal.es



And the 5th mudéjar tower of the city, frequently forgiven (by me too ), was made in the 16th century, and is part of the Merced church. Foto de heliodorovillanueva, de Panoramio.



To be continue...
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 01:01 PM   #14
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Great town with such great architecture!
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 02:09 PM   #15
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Thanks joshsam! I love Belgium cities and i was in Antwerpen, Gent, Brugge and Brussels in June, I'll maybe post some pics!

I saved for the final post the big jewel of Teruel, the two 14th century mudéjar towers. A curious date, the 4 mudéjar towers are at the same time towers and gates, all of them have a gothic arch so you can go through them. This is San Martín tower.

[IMG]http://i44.************/1zph1e8.jpg[/IMG]

It's clear it's not straight! The legend talks about the two mudéjar alarifes (builders) Omar and Abdalá, that were confronted because they were in love with Zoraida. They competed for his love building each one a tower, and when they uncovered the towers, they were both beautiful but Omar's one was really leaned, so Omar go up to the tower and jumped.



It was built in just 2 years, 1315-1316. The inside structure is the same of medieval minarets, and the decoration includes glazed pottery in white and green colours.



The bells part.

[IMG]http://i41.************/21nksih.jpg[/IMG]





The church was rebuilt in the 17th century, and is going to be the Holy Week museum of Teruel. Pic from journal heraldo.es

[IMG]http://i39.************/29lk2zb.jpg[/IMG]

The other tower, la torre del Salvador. It's thougt it was built some years later than San Martín.

[IMG]http://i43.************/xlh3th.jpg[/IMG]

It's not straight either, but not as much as the other. It's easy, they were built with plaster, and gets dry quickly, but the sun is stronger by one side, so it gets dry earlyer, and it bends.



The decoration is very similar, they are almost twins.



Sebqa decoration, and almohade influence.



[IMG]http://i42.************/28vemgw.jpg[/IMG]

A night walk. The cathedral.



The dome.



[IMG]http://i39.************/30lck9h.jpg[/IMG]

Provincial museum.



Salvador tower, San Martín hadn't light.

[IMG]http://i39.************/mw8lk9.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i44.************/4j9h6f.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i44.************/4nonc.jpg[/IMG]

San Pedro.

[IMG]http://i39.************/25qc8ds.jpg[/IMG]

Torico square.



A pano.



The floor is covered by leds, but weren't on when I was. Pic form sobreespana.com



And finally I'll talk about Dinopolis. I wasn't there, because 1º I hadn't time, 2º it's 25 euros per person, 3º it's preferently for children. It's a cultural park. Pic by Fernand0 de Wikipedia.



The parks map.

[IMG]http://i39.************/349f392.jpg[/IMG]

It was clearly inspired on Jurasic Park. Why in Teruel? There's a rich paleontologic zone, have been found dinosaur's fosiles ever found in the world. One is the aragosaurus (the name comes from Aragón, the community where Teruel is) and the turiasaurus riodevensis (found in río Deva). They are the biggest dinosaurs found in Europe, up to 37 metres long.



Have real size replicas, skeleton... Pics from travelpeques.com, Dinopolis web and elviajero.elpais.com









And big zones with shows, kids games, etc. Pic by ecodeteruel.es

[IMG]http://i43.************/2rf57yc.jpg[/IMG]

And this is the END of Teruel but... it will continue!

Thanks to all.
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 06:17 PM   #16
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Very nice! Teruel is quite unknown I think but i did see it once on a TV property-buying show here in the UK
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Old December 24th, 2011, 11:47 AM   #17
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Thank you Jonesy! Really? Teruel on TV? Teruel doesn't appear even in spanish tv!
I'll post later pics of a village called Albarracín, one of the most beautiful towns in Spain.
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Old December 24th, 2011, 12:33 PM   #18
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Here you go, I found the programme.

http://www.aplaceinthesun.com/tvshow.../episode7.aspx
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Old December 24th, 2011, 02:53 PM   #19
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It's funny to see "A place in the sun - Teruel,Spain" being one of the coldest regions in Spain..

PS:Great pics Buho by the way!!
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Old December 25th, 2011, 04:37 PM   #20
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Thanks Jonesy! And thanks Mare
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