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Old December 23rd, 2011, 08:33 PM   #1
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Guardia Nacional de Puerto Rico | Puerto Rico National Guard

PR Army National Guard


92nd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (MEB)

During World War II and on up to the time of the Korean War, the US Army was racially segregated. The 295th, 296th, and 65th Infantry regiments were all formations consisting mostly of Puerto Rican enlisted men and National Guardsmen.

The shoulder sleeve insignia was authorized on 16 June 1964. The colors blue and white are used for Infantry units in the US Army. The blue area and white wavy base refer to the Caribbean and the white disc to the Island of Puerto Rico, the white disc also simulating a pearl, Puerto Rico being known as the "Pearl of the Antilles." The furison, a steel device for striking against flint to create a fire, is an ancient heraldic symbol and simulates a battle sight on a rifle. Furisons also form links in the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, the foremost Spanish order of chivalry, and refer to the discovery and settlement of Puerto Rico by the Spanish. In this instances, the blue area within the furison refers to San Juan Harbor, the opening between the arms of the furison alluding to "puerto" a harbor and the yellow furison itself to the surrounding land area and natural opulence of the island. The cross on the furison alludes to San Juan and appears on the banner in the crest of the Puerto Rican National Guard. The cross in this instance is red, yellow and red being the colors of Spain.

The distinctive unit insignia was authorized for the noncolor bearing units of the 92d Infantry Brigade on 19 April 1967, with the motto amended on 12 Jun 1967. The red sentry tower was suggested by El Morro at San Juan and the yellow disc alludes to the tropical sun, red and yellow also being the colors of the Spanish who discovered and first settled in Puerto Rico. The machetes refer to the cutting of sugar cane, a major source of wealth in the Island, and are also extremely effective offensive weapons. Crossed in front of the sentry tower, they allude to constant vigilance and readiness to defend Puerto Rico. Blue, red and yellow are also the colors of the three major combat arms and the motto "A Lo Que Vinimos" may be translated to "What we came For".

The 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team has been reorganized has the 92nd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade. The actual formation still retains two of the former brigade infantry battalions, which are the 1-296th Infantry and the 1-65th Infantry. Other units integrated into the brigade are additional military police companies, a combat engineer battalion and several support elements. This transformation is tailored to the needs of the U.S. Army in its role in the war against terrorism. Most of the brigade members are veteran soldier of several combat activations. The 92nd Maneuver Enhancement Brigade is the largest combat unit in the Puerto Rico ARNG.



101st Troop Command

Units

101st Troop Command
22nd WMD CST
HHD 125th Mp Bn

240th MP Co - Juana Diaz
480th MP Co - San Juan
544th MP Co - Yauco
755th MP Co - Arecibo
770th MP Co - Aguadilla
162d Quartermaster Battalion
HHC 130th ENG Bn - Vega Baja

Co A - Aguadilla
Co B - Bayamon
Co C - Carolina
HHC 192nd Support Bn
Co A (S&t) - Gurabo
Co B (Maint) - Hato Rey
Co C (Med) - Juana Díaz
292nd Corps Spt Bn
3rd Battalion, 147th Combat Support Aviation

Co D 3rd Bn 142d Aviation
Co F 192d Aviation
Det 3 Co E 106th Avn (Maint)
HQ Starc Medical Det - Salinas
248th Army Band
Det 2 HHC US Army South - Ft Buchanan
Mobile Public Aff Det
PRARNG Language Center - Juana Diaz
Recon Air Intr Det (RAID)
Selective Service Section - Ft Buchanan
ARNG Operational Spt Airlift
Camp Santiago Training Site - Salinas


Facilities
San Juan, Puerto Rico



Air National Guard




156th Airlift Wing

The United States Air Force's 156th Airlift Wing is an airlift unit located at Muniz ANGB, Puerto Rico.

Mission

The mission of the 156th Airlift Wing is to provide global airlift and agile force to execute and accomplish tasked mission. Support Southern Command in theater airlift and joint military exercises while displaying military capabilities and bolster United States ties with our Latin American neighbors.

History

The Puerto Rico Air National Guard was federally recognized on 23 November 1947. All PRANG activities were consolidated at the International Airport in May 1956.

On 10 April 1958, the 156th Tactical Fighter reorganized into a Fighter Group. On 1 January 1976, the 156th Tactical Fighter Group converted from F-104 Starfighter to A-7D Corsair. The first A-7s arrived in November and the last in March 1976.

In Jan 12th 1981 9 A-7'S were blown up. In the largest attack ever on American Air Force Base since the Viet Nam War. The hostage situation in Iran overshadowed this development. The eleven National Guard planes at Muñiz Air Base destined for use against popular insurgents in El Salvador.

On 1 August 1987, the 156th Tactical Fighter Group reorganized into a Four-Deputy structure according to the new Air National Guard policy.

The unit took part, from 24-28 June 1991, in Granada South exercise, Panama.

From 11-18 August 1991, it deployed to Iquique, Chile for Condor II Exercise and then from 18-24 Aug 1991, to Asuncion with the Paraguayan Air Force for training. From 7-20 September 1991, it deployed to Fortunata II, Volk Field, Wisconsin and then again from 2-6 December 1991, to Granada South, Panama.

From 20 February to 6 March 1993, the unit took part in the "Caminos de Paz" exercise at Golfito, and then deployed from 12-21 Aug 1993, to Asunción, Paraguay, marking its First F-16 Deployment. From 5-13 November 1994, the unit took part in the Condor III Exercise held in Iquique, Chile.

On 1 Oct 1995, 156th Fighter Group was officially redesignated as Fighter Wing, before taking part from 21-30 October 1995 in Operation Tiger II. This was the first time U.S. Forces had deployed to Brazil since World War II. The 156 FW then deployed to Tyndall AFB from 12-18 November 1995. The 156 FW held its Mobility Exercise on 20 January 1996 and its Mobility Exercise on 18-19 October 1996.

On 14-17 November 1996, the 156 FW took part in Operational Readiness Inspection, Phase I. In February 1997, the 156th Fighter Wing Mobility Exercise was conducted at Roosevelt Roads, Ceiba. 80% of personnel mobilized to conduct dramatic war time situations. From 19-22 March 1997, the 156th Fighter Wing Operational Readiness Inspection was held at Roosevelt Roads.

On 22 November 1997, Muñiz Air National Guard base received its first C-130s while celebrating its 50th federal recognition Anniversary. On 10 February 1998, the Air Force announced conversion of the 156th Fighter Wing from F-16A/B aircraft to C-130 aircraft and on 3 March 1998 Last F-16 departed from the 156th Fighter Wing. On 11 September 1998 a ceremony was held to mark the arrival of the first C-130. On 1 October 1998, the Department of the Air Force issued the official order designating the 156th Fighter Wing as 156th Airlift Wing.

Assignments

Major Command


Air National Guard/Air Mobility Command (1998-Present)
Air National Guard/Air Combat Command (1992-1998)
Air National Guard/Tactical Air Command (1960-1992)

Previous designations

156th Airlift Wing (1998-Present)
156th Fighter Wing (1995-1998)
156th Fighter Group (1992-1995)
156th Tactical Fighter Group (1960-1992)

Squadrons assigned

198th Airlift Squadron (1960-Present)
140th Air Defense Squadron (1976-1998)
141st Air Ground Defense Squadron (1982-1998)

Bases stationed

Muniz ANGB, Puerto Rico (1960-Present)

Aircraft Operated

C-130E (1998-Present)
F-16A/B (1992-1998)
A-7D (1975-1992)
C-26A (???)
F-104C/D (1967-1975)
F-86H (1960-1967)
F-86D (1956-1960)
F-86E (1952-1956)
P-47N (1947-1952)



141st Air Control Squadron (ACS)

The 141st Air Control Squadron (ACS) is a mobile radar command, control and communications element of the U.S. Air Force Theater Air Control System. The unit can be tasked by the Control and Reporting Center (CRC) to perform the following tasks: Battle management, weapons, surveillance, identification, and data link management. It also, can be assigned to deploy and operate directly subordinate to Air Operation Center.
These activities include: Establishing long and short haul communication, providing continuous surveillance, assisting in air rescue operations, providing aircraft control and advisory services, establishing and maintaining data links, gathering and forwarding intelligence products, providing classification of airborne objects, and providing threat warnings to forward, lateral, and subordinate users including Army air defense units. In addition, the 141st ACS has been directly tasked to support the DoD Counterdrug Operations in the Caribbean, Central, and South America Region.



Puerto Rico State Guard (PRSG)

The Puerto Rico State Guard (PRSG) is a voluntary professional military corps who offer support for security and medical services in Puerto Rico. The PRSG respond directly to the Adjutant General of Puerto Rico, is commanded by a Brigadier general and is composed of main units in San Juan Metropolitan Area and in the cities of Ponce (South), Mayagüez (West), and Caguas (Center). The Puerto Rico State Guard is among the most active and largest SDF's in the nation with almost 2,600 troops organized in 6 Support Groups, a Separate SAR Company, a Military Institute, and HHQ's .
The PRSG is direct offspring of the Spanish Volunteer Regiments created during Spanish Colonial which was later substitute by the US Volunteer Infantry in 1898. The PRSG was created in 1941 in response to WWII. It disbanded in 1946. The modern PRSG reformed in 1976 by the virtue of the Military Law of Puerto Rico it's considered the state controlled branch of the PRNG. This group was formed to provide Puerto Rico a trained and organized military force in the event of a state security emergency or if the National Guard is deployed. The PRSG is the state’s authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the Puerto Rico National Guard in the event the Guard is mobilized. The PRSG comprises retired, active and reserve military personnel and selected professional persons who volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state.

The task of the PRSG is to offer support, in its totality, to the Puerto Rico National Guard (PRNG) when the later is activated by the Governor of Puerto Rico or called to active service by the President of the United States. The PRSG also represents the Puerto Rico National Guard in civic activities, and supports the PRNG in cases of emergencies.

With the approved resources, the State Guard of Puerto Rico will be able to recruit and to train personnel to provide the security and defense with the armories; as well as to assist the civilian authorities in cases of natural disasters, emergencies and serious disturbances of public order. These volunteers will offer support and provide services to the community by means of health clinics.

In the PRSG, there is a large representation of prior service soldiers with extensive combat and command experience as well as non-priors with significant professional and paramilitary backgrounds which greatly enhance the organization. A large proportion of PRSG soldiers are active members of State Guard Association of the United States (SGAUS) and a few senior officers and NCOs hold leadership positions in the organization.

The PRSG have been a very active force multiplier for the PRNG, supporting Federal mobilizations (legal and medical support), and its current mission is to assist the National Guard especially in concern to homeland security and SAD duties (natural disasters, civil disturbances, communities service and facilities management).

https://www.pr.ngb.army.mil/
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 08:49 PM   #2
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Lakota 10-72182
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UH-60
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 10:36 PM   #3
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Ufff excelente thread Dark, mil gracias!!!
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Old December 23rd, 2011, 10:44 PM   #4
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excelente, gracias por crear el thread.
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Old December 24th, 2011, 01:07 AM   #5
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No hay de que, después seguiré con las fotos.
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Old December 24th, 2011, 01:25 AM   #6
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Armed Forces Reserve Center en la antigua base Roosevelt Roads
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Old December 24th, 2011, 01:41 AM   #7
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Excellent thread! Go Dark, Goooooo!!!
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Old December 24th, 2011, 01:53 AM   #8
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A U.S. Air Force Lockheed F-104D Starfighter of the 198th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 156th Tactical Fighter Group, Puerto Rico Air National Guard at Muñoz ANGB, Puerto Rico. The 198th TFS flew the F-104 from 1967 to 1975.

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Old December 24th, 2011, 01:57 AM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ultramatic View Post
Excellent thread! Go Dark, Goooooo!!!
Haha, gracias! I wonder if the F-16 still active.
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Old December 24th, 2011, 02:08 AM   #10
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A U.S. Air Force LTV A-7D Corsair II aircraft (s/n 69-6226) assigned to the 198th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 156th Tactical Fighter Group, Puerto Rico Air National Guard, at Muñoz Air National Guard Base, Puerto Rico.


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Old December 24th, 2011, 02:14 AM   #11
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F-16A ADF/B (1992–1998)

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Old December 24th, 2011, 03:30 AM   #12
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hermosos recuerdos.
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Old December 24th, 2011, 04:52 AM   #13
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PRANG Desde sus comienzos hasta el presente.
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Old December 24th, 2011, 07:17 AM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by juan9463 View Post
hermosos recuerdos.
Esos recuerdos pueden ser realidad nuevamente en un abrir y cerrar de ojos...
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Old May 23rd, 2012, 08:18 AM   #15
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Defense bill has $35M for PRNG
By CB Online Staff
cbnews@caribbeanbusinesspr.com

A $642 billion defense budget approved by the Republican-controlled U.S. House of Representatives authorizes more than $35 million in new construction funding for the Puerto Rico National Guard.
The bill, which breaks a deficit-cutting deal with President Barack Obama and restricts his authority in an election-year challenge to the Democratic commander in chief, faces a veto threat from the White House if it clears the Democratic-controlled Senate.

The House voted 299-120 for the fiscal 2013 spending blueprint that authorizes money for weapons, aircraft, ships and the war in Afghanistan — $8 billion more than Obama and congressional Republicans agreed to last summer in the clamor for fiscal austerity.

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 also includes two amendments offered by Puerto Rico Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi and accepted by the full House. The first amendment expresses the “Sense of Congress” that the former military bombardment zone on the island of Culebra should be cleaned by the federal government if it can be performed at a reasonable cost, and the second amendment expresses the “Sense of Congress” that the federal government should take all appropriate steps to ensure that the counter-drug tethered aerostat radar system in Lajas, which was destroyed in 2011, is fully operational.

The $35.7 million in construction funding for the Puerto Rico National Guard (PRNG) includes $15 million for a new joint forces headquarters in Guaynabo to replace the current headquarters in Old San Juan; $14.7 million for a new readiness center in Gurabo to replace the existing readiness center, which is in very poor condition; $3.8 million for a new readiness center at Camp Santiago in Salinas, which is deficient in numerous respects; and $2.2 million for a new refill station building in Ceiba at the former Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, which will be used by the PRNG’s scuba diving teams to store their equipment, boats, and decompression tanks.

Culebra firing range cleanup

In addition, the resident commissioner filed an amendment to H.R. 4310 regarding the removal of unexploded ordnance from certain areas on Culebra, and the amendment was adopted by the full House.

The Navy conducted training activities for over 70 years on Culebra and in its surrounding waters. In 1974, Congress enacted legislation directing the Navy to cease operations in Culebra. In 1982, the federal government conveyed 935 acres of former Navy land on Culebra to the government of Puerto Rico for use as a public park or for public recreation. The property conveyed included a roughly 400-acre tract of land consisting of the southern portion of the Northwest Peninsula and a portion of Flamenco Beach. This 400-acre parcel had been part of the “bombardment area,” where the Navy conducted training exercises.

Although the Department of Defense, through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, is currently conducting cleanup operations in limited areas of Culebra, the Department of Defense has taken the position that the 1974 law enacted by Congress prohibits the use of federal funds to decontaminate the most heavily-bombarded areas on Culebra — namely, this 400-acre tract of land. Of the thousands of former defense sites around the country, this parcel of land on Culebra is the only site where the federal government claims it is not authorized to pay for decontamination.

Because of Pierluisi’s efforts, in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011, Congress required the Department of Defense to conduct a study on the cost and feasibility of removing unexploded ordnance and other safety hazards from the 400-acre parcel.

The study was due in January, and is now several months overdue. The resident commissioner has been advised, however, that the study concluded that the cost of the cleanup would be $49 million, a relatively low amount.

Thanks to Pierluisi’s amendment to H.R. 4310, the legislation now states Congress’s view that the Department of Defense should “expeditiously” provide the report to Congress and declares that, if the report shows that the cleanup can be conducted at a “reasonable” cost to the federal government, it would be “appropriate for Congress to amend” the 1974 law to authorize the Department of Defense to decontaminate and remove unexploded ordnance from the 400-acre parcel. This amendment will lay the foundation for additional congressional action over the next several weeks, once the report has been submitted to Congress.

“It makes no sense that, of the thousands of former former defense sites around the country, this 400-acre parcel of land on Culebra is the only site the federal government claims it is not authorized to decontaminate. No reasonable observer would conclude that this is just or fair,” said Pierluisi.

Counter-drug aerostat in Lajas

In addition, the resident commissioner filed an amendment to H.R. 4310 regarding the tethered aerostat in Lajas, and this amendment was also adopted by the full House.

Since 1992, the U.S. Air Force has administered the Tethered Aerostat Radar System (TARS) program, which seeks to deter and detect smugglers moving illicit drugs into the United States. There are eight current tethered aerostat systems—six located along the Southwest border with Mexico in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas; one located in the Florida Keys; and one located in the Caribbean, in Lajas. Data from the aerostats is used by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The Lajas aerostat can provide radar coverage of southern, eastern and western Puerto Rico, including the Mona passage between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.

In April 2011, the radar in the aerostat in Lajas was destroyed in bad weather conditions. In February 2012, the radar in the aerostat located in Marfa, Texas was also destroyed. The Air Force has indicated that it does not have sufficient spare parts in its inventory to replace either of these two radars or the funding necessary to purchase any new radars. As a result, there are no current plans to resume operations at Lajas or Marfa.

In meetings and letters, Pierluisi has urged the Department of Defense to take all possible steps to replace the Lajas radar.

Through the amendment, H.R. 4310 states Congress’s view that the TARS program should be funded and that “all appropriate steps” should be taken “to ensure that the eight current tethered aerostat systems are fully functional and, in particular, to ensure that the TARS program is providing coverage to protect U.S. jurisdictions in the Caribbean region.”

Two other pending bills besides H.R. 4310 — the Defense Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2013 and the Homeland Security Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2013 — also include language in support of the Lajas aerostat. Those bills are expected to be approved by the full House in the coming weeks.

“I personally lobbied for this language related to the Lajas aerostat, both in my testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, and in letters to and meetings with defense officials. This is a critically-important issue for Puerto Rico and I am pleased that my advocacy efforts have not fallen on deaf ears,” said Pierluisi.
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Old June 14th, 2012, 08:36 PM   #16
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Segundo aire para aerostato
21 de mayo de 2012 - Política, Puerto Rico - Yamilet Millán Rodriguez, EL VOCERO
Gobierno federal también se compromete con limpieza de municiones en Culebra
El Comisionado Residente solicitó mediante legislación en la Cámara federal, que el programa de radares de Estados Unidos, incluyendo el aerostato de Lajas que se averió el año pasado, reciba la cantidad necesaria de fondos para su operación. La medida también ordena que el Departamento de Defensa provea un informe sobre el costo de descontaminación en Culebra. EL


La Cámara de Representantes federal aprobó una medida que autoriza $35 millones para la Guardia Nacional de Puerto Rico (GNPR) y establece el compromiso del Gobierno federal con la limpieza de Culebra y la reparación del aerostato de Lajas.

Así lo anunció el comisionado residente, Pedro Pierluisi, quien explicó que la enmienda exige la extracción de artillería y explosivos sin detonar de áreas específicas en Culebra.

“No hace sentido que de los miles de lugares de defensa alrededor de la Nación, este perímetro de 400 acres en Culebra sea la única área que el Gobierno federal reclama que no está autorizado para pagar por su limpieza y descontaminación. Eso no se lo cree nadie”, sostuvo Pierluisi.

Indicó que el Departamento de Defensa de Estados Unidos insiste en que la ley que permitió el retiro de la Marina de Culebra –que fue aprobada en el 1974– prohibía el uso de fondos federales para descontaminar las áreas de bombardeo en la isla municipio.

Pierluisi recordó que el Congreso solicitó en el 2011 al Departamento de Defensa un estudio del costo y la viabilidad de la extracción de municiones sin detonar y otros peligros. El Departamento de Defensa adelantó a Pierluisi que la limpieza de Culebra ascendería a $49 millones.

El Comisionado Residente explicó que la pieza legislativa ordena que el Departamento de Defensa provea el informe con prontitud, y si demuestra que la limpieza se puede realizar con costos razonables, la ley será enmendada y autorizaría la descontaminación de Culebra.

Por su parte, el alcalde de Culebra, Ricardo López Cepero, se expresó esperanzado en que “inicien los trabajos de limpieza en el área que nunca se ha tocado”.

“Esto es una medida que lleva mucho tiempo y finalmente podemos ver que ya el Congreso la está aprobando para poder impactar y limpiar el área. Muchas de estas áreas son colindantes a las áreas que visitan los turistas y poder certificar que estamos descontaminados pues le da una tranquilidad al pueblo y a los turistas que vienen”, manifestó López.

De otra parte, la GNPR recibirá $35 millones para la construcción de facilidades en varias localizaciones. Para la nueva oficina central de fuerzas unidas en Guaynabo, que reemplazará la actual en San Juan, se le asignaron $15 millones. Además, se reemplazará el centro de preparación en Gurabo con una inversión de $14.7 millones.

Mientras, el nuevo centro de preparación en el Campamento Santiago en Salinas recibirá $3.8 millones, a la vez que fueron asignados $2.2 millones para la estación en Ceiba que se utilizará para guardar equipo de buceo, botes y tanques de descompresión de la GNPR.

“Agradezco al presidente Obama y al Comité de las Fuerzas Armadas de la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos por apoyar estos importantes proyectos de construcción para el beneficio de la Guardia Nacional de Puerto Rico Esta es la gente que se sacrifica, luchando por nuestra libertad y seguridad alrededor del mundo. Merecen las mejores facilidades para el proceso de preparar y completar sus misiones…”, expresó Pierluisi.

El Comisionado Residente también solicitó que el programa de radares de Estados Unidos reciba la cantidad necesaria de fondos para su operación, incluyendo el aerostato de Lajas, que cubre el sur, este y oeste de Puerto Rico.

“Estos son asuntos prioritarios para Puerto Rico y agradezco que mis reclamos hayan caído en terreno fértil”, dijo Pierluisi.
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Old September 3rd, 2012, 02:31 AM   #17
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Army Reserve investing big in Puerto Rico

San Juan, PR- The US Army Reserve-Puerto Rico conducted a groundbreaking ceremony for a new Army Reserve Center at Puerto Nuevo, a neighborhood in the Puerto Rico’s capital city, 1 June 2012.

The construction of these new Army Reserve facilities is part of a larger modernization of the Army Reserve infrastructure across the island.

The new construction will create approximately 200 jobs during the duration of the building process. 95 percent of these jobs will be hired locally, which will have a much needed positive impact in the economy of the Caribbean island.

The news facilities will be occupied by the 597th Quartermaster Company, currently based in Caguas, Puerto Rico.

The building will have 30,000 square feet and will provide training space and a vehicle and equipment maintenance area as well as a storage area and a parking.

“With this ceremony we continue taking the critical steps to ensure our troops have the resources and facilities needed to conduct administrative activities, plan operations and train personnel, in order to effectively continue supporting our nation’s needs,” said Brig. Gen. Fernando Fernandez, senior US Army Reserve Officer in the Caribbean.

There are other reserve centers being constructed currently in Mayaguez with an investment of 18 million dollars, and at Fort Buchanan with an investment of 21 million dollars.

In recent years, there were two new Army Reserve Centers inaugurated at Ceiba, at the former Naval Navy Base in the east side of the island, with an investment of 24 million dollars. There was another center inaugurated at Juana Diaz, in the south side of the island, with an investment of 14 million dollars.

The Reserve Center to be constructed at Puerto Nuevo represents an investment of 12 million dollars.

According to Department of Defense figures, the Army Reserve invested over 140 million dollars in 2011.

“There is no doubt that the future is bright for the Army Reserve-Puerto Rico,” said Fernandez.

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Old September 4th, 2012, 02:26 AM   #18
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PRNG dando apoyo a bomberos. (Explosión en refinería CAPECO-2009)
The National Guard

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Old September 4th, 2012, 02:38 AM   #19
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101st Troop Command-Camp Santiago, Salinas PR
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Old September 4th, 2012, 04:17 PM   #20
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Descripción: El Mundo, 20/feb./1954. "Este avión de entrenamiento T-33 es el primer avión de propulsión a chorro asignado al Escuadrón de Interceptores 198 de la Guardia Nacional Aérea de Puerto Rico."

http://bibliotecadigital.uprrp.edu/c...id/512/rec/173
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